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1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 260, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frozen Shoulder (FS) is a painful condition characterized by severe pain and progressive restriction of shoulder movement, leading to functional impairment and reduced quality of life. While different Patient Reported Outcome Measurements (PROMs) tools exist for assessing shoulder diseases, few specific PROMs are validated for FS patients. PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the psychometric properties of the Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire in FS patients. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-four subjects (mean ± SD age = 55.4 ± 7.9 years; 55.6% female) diagnosed with FS were included and completed the DASH questionnaire, the Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), and the Short-Form Health Survey 36 (SF-36). Floor or ceiling effects were investigated. Structural validity was analysed through a unidimensional Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), internal consistency through Cronbach's alpha, test-retest reliability through the Intraclass Correlation coefficient (ICC), measurement error through the Standard Error of Measurement (SEM), and the Minimum Detectable Change (MDC), and construct validity through the hypothesis testing with the correlation with the other outcome measures used. RESULTS: No floor or ceiling effects were observed. CFA confirmed a one-factor structure after addressing local item dependency (Root Mean Square Error of Approximation = 0.055; Standardized Root Mean Square Residual = 0.077; Comparative Fit Index = 0.970; Tucker-Lewis Index = 0.968). Cronbach's alpha was high (= 0.951), and test-retest reliability was excellent (ICC = 0.999; 95% CI: 0.998-1.000). SEM was equal to 0.5 points, and MDC to 1.5 points. Construct validity was considered satisfactory as 80% of the a-priori hypotheses were met. CONCLUSION: The DASH questionnaire demonstrated good psychometric properties in FS patients, supporting its use as a valuable tool for assessing the impact of FS in clinical and research settings.


Assuntos
Bursite , Ombro , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Braço , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Qualidade de Vida , Dor de Ombro/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Bursite/diagnóstico , Avaliação da Deficiência
2.
Physiother Res Int ; 29(2): e2089, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study explores the linkage between the Measurement of Environmental Quality (MQE) and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). Stemming from the Human Development Model-Disability Creation Process (HDM-DCP), MQE enhances understanding of how environmental quality impacts disability development across diverse socio-cultural contexts. Integrating MQE with ICF expands the perspective on disability formation beyond HDM-DCP, encompassing ICF's functioning approach. OBJECTIVE: To link the MQE with the concepts and categories of the ICF. METHODS: Two health professionals with adequate taxonomic knowledge of the ICF performed the initial linkage, which was based on updated standardized rules considering all hierarchical levels of the ICF. Linkage agreement between the first two assessors was measured using the Kappa (k) coefficient and respective 95% confidence intervals. In the absence of a consensus between the two assessors (k > 0.60), a third assessor was consulted to make the arbitrary decision of the final categories linked to the MQE. RESULTS: Insufficient agreement between the two assessors was found for the linkage process (k = 0.52; p < 0.001), requiring the final decision from the third assessor. At the end of the process, 26 ICF categories were linked to the main concepts (MC) measured by the 26 items of the short version of the MQE. Ten ICF categories were linked to the additional concepts (AC) measured by the MQE. Moreover, the MQE addresses the five domains of the ICF component "environmental factors," with a predominance of the "services, systems and policies" domain (MC = 45.8% and AC = 40%). CONCLUSION: The linkage of the concepts measured by the MQE to ICF categories enabled mapping the content of the MQE, identifying it as a promising tool for measuring environmental factors in accordance with ICF percepts.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde , Humanos , Avaliação da Deficiência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Consenso , Atividades Cotidianas
3.
Wiad Lek ; 77(1): 29-34, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431804

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aim: To describe health status and related functioning of patients with different severity of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in past medical history in Ukraine and determining the feasibility of using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Brief Core Set for TBI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and Methods: A total of 102 patients, who were treated in the neurological department of Dnipropetrovsk regional clinical hospital and State Institution ≪Ukrainian State Scientific Research Institute of Medical and Social Problems of Disability of Health Ministry of Ukraine≫, had been examined. Patients were divided into three groups: mild, moderate and severe TBI in past history and evaluated using ICF Brief Core Set for TBI. RESULTS: Results: Тhe most common problems in the functioning and health of patients in remote period of TBI, along with the influencing factors have been identified in the study. The most frequent categories from ≪Body Functions≫ and ≪Activity and Participation≫ sections in which patients had alterations were: memory functions, emotional functions, sensation of pain, functions of attention, brain structure, complex interpersonal interactions, family relationships. The increase in the amount and severity of disturbances with increasing severity of TBI had been established in all categories, except complex interpersonal interactions and family relationships. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Patients of all groups identified the family and close relatives, healthcare service and social welfare services, as the most frequent relieving factors of life activity. The use of the ICF Brief Core Set for assessing the subjects with TBI in past history provides a convenient procedure to standardize and structure functioning description. Information collected by the ICF Brief Core Set may be used for different purposes: clinical assessment, administration of medical services, planning and implementation of rehabilitation and evaluation of results, in scientific research, reports and health care statistics.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Lesões Encefálicas , Pessoas com Deficiência , Humanos , Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde , Avaliação da Deficiência , Lesões Encefálicas/reabilitação , Nível de Saúde , Atividades Cotidianas
4.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 37: 76-82, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to stablish cut-off of early diagnosis of diabetic polyneuropathy (PDN) based on neuropathy symptom score (NSS) and neuropathy disability score (NDS); to determine the behavior of NDD and NDS in patients with and without PDN; and to verify the association between clinical and demographic variables with both tests. METHODS: This retrospective cohort included 86 patients with diabetes. The NSS and NDS evaluations were collected in medical records in two moments: initial (entry into service) and final (after three years). Individuals were categorized in three groups: G1- PDN in both evaluations (N = 27); G2- PDN only in the final evaluation (N = 16); G3-individuals without PDN (N = 43). A ROC curve was performed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of NSS and NDS for PDN diagnosis. ANOVA was used to compare NSS and NDS between groups and evaluations, and multiple regression was performed to find predictors of PDN. RESULTS: The NSS and NDS showed excellent sensitivity and specificity (NDS ≥1.5 and NSS ≥6.5) for PDN diagnosis. There was a significant difference between groups in initial (p = 0.000) and final (p = 0.000) NDS and NSS evaluations. There was an association between peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and increase in NSS (p = 0.024) in G2; and association between loss of protective sensation (LOPS) and increase in NSS in G3 (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: NSS and NDS tests showed excellent sensitivity and specificity for early PDN diagnosis. Behavior of both tests can differ patients with and without PDN. Furthermore, PAD and LOPS can be a predictor of PDN evolution.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Neuropatias Diabéticas , Humanos , Neuropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Avaliação da Deficiência , Curva ROC
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7606, 2024 03 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556525

RESUMO

The aim was to develop and validate a German version of the FACE-Q paralysis module, a patient-reported outcome measure to assess health-related quality of life in adult patients with unilateral facial palsy. The FACE-Q craniofacial questionnaire, which includes the paralysis module, was translated. 213 patients with facial palsy completed the German FACE-Q paralysis along with the established FDI and FaCE questionnaires. Regression analyses were performed to examine the relationships between the different FACE-Q domains and patient and therapy characteristics. The FACE-Q scales had high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha all > 0.6). High correlations were found between the FACE-Q and the FDI and FaCE (mean rho = 0.5), as well as within the FACE-Q (mean rho = 0.522). Unifactorial influences were found for all domains except Breathing (all p < 0.05). Multivariate independent predictors were found for some FACE-Q domains. Most influential predictors (> 8 subdomains): Patients who received physical therapy scored lower in ten subdomains than those who did not (all p < 0.05). Patients who had surgery scored lower in nine subdomains than patients without surgery (all p < 0.05). The German version of the FACE-Q Paralysis Module can now be used as a patient-reported outcome instrument in adult patients with facial nerve palsy.


Assuntos
Paralisia de Bell , Paralisia Facial , Adulto , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Avaliação da Deficiência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 31(1): 125-130, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549486

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Modern mobile devices have become tools used for educational, research, business or recreational purposes. Incorrect position during excessive use of a smartphone can lead to biomechanical changes, the most visible of which is the position of the head in protraction, characterized by the protrusion of the head and neck forward in relation to the shoulder girdle and trunk. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between disability, neck pain (NP), use of phones before bedtime, and hours of using smartphones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 146 physiotherapy students aged 18-26. Students were asked to complete pain surveys (VAS pain scale), and Neck Disability Index (NDI). Participants were also asked if their pain lasted longer than 3 months, how long they used their smartphone during the day, and whether they used it before bedtime. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found between groups with and without neck pain regarding NDI score (p<0.001). Participants who suffered from neck pain longer than 3 months had greater NDI scores (p=0.03), greater intensity of symptoms (p=0.04), greater problems with reading (p<0.01) and driving (p=0.04) than participants who experienced pain for less than 3 months. Using phones before bedtime was related to problems with focusing (p<0.01). There were statistically significant correlations between the time of phone use and disability in terms of reading (p=0.04), focusing (p<0.001), work (p<0.001) and sleeping (p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Dysfunctions associated with pain in the cervical section may affect the learning abilities of students and thus the acquisition of professional competencies. Not using a smartphone before bedtime is recommended, as it causes poorer concentration. The longer the time spent using the phone, the more significant the disability.


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Smartphone , Humanos , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Estudantes , Avaliação da Deficiência
8.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 28(3): 100012, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492946

RESUMO

This Mini-Review showcases the latest evidence on rehabilitation opportunities for older people with multimorbidity and frailty. There is growing evidence, that a person-centered and contextualized rehabilitation approach may offer benefits, not only in the context of preserving mobility, but especially targeting social participation. Modern rehabilitation aligns with the bio-psycho-social model of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), emphasizing the individual and collaboratively determined definition of personalized rehabilitation goals at the activity and participation level. Further studies are warranted to evaluate objective outcome-measurement tools within the domains of activity and participation.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Fragilidade , Humanos , Idoso , Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação , Participação Social , Avaliação da Deficiência , Atividades Cotidianas
9.
Neurodegener Dis Manag ; 14(1): 5-9, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501760

RESUMO

WHAT IS THIS SUMMARY ABOUT?: This summary explains the findings of a recent study that compared different questionnaires used by doctors to measure levels of fatigue in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of the study was to find out which questionnaire doctors should use to measure fatigue in people with MS in the future. Fatigue, which can be described as the overwhelming feeling of tiredness or exhaustion, is a very common symptom of MS. For the majority of people with MS, fatigue is one of the worst symptoms of MS, so it is essential that doctors can measure it accurately. Currently, people with MS are asked to complete questionnaires so that their care team can see the effect of fatigue on their day-to-day lives. There are many questionnaires that are used to measure fatigue in people with MS. It would be valuable to come to an agreement, based on evidence from research like this study, on which questionnaire is the most appropriate for measuring fatigue in both research and healthcare settings. This study compared a questionnaire called the PROMIS® Fatigue (MS) 8a, referred to throughout this summary as the PROMIS® MS Fatigue Short Form, with two of the most commonly used questionnaires: the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) and the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS). The questionnaires were compared to see which one should be recommended to doctors for measuring fatigue in people with MS. WHAT ARE THE KEY TAKEAWAYS?: It was found that while all three questionnaires were good, the PROMIS® MS Fatigue Short Form questionnaire was better than the other two questionnaires at showing differences in levels of fatigue between people with MS. The PROMIS® MS Fatigue Short Form was also found to be better than the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) at showing changes in the person with MS's level of fatigue. The PROMIS® MS Fatigue Short Form questionnaire may help people with MS to better communicate challenges with their fatigue to their doctors. WHAT WAS THE MAIN CONCLUSION REPORTED BY THE RESEARCHERS?: The study suggests that the PROMIS® MS Fatigue Short Form questionnaire is a helpful tool for doctors and people with MS to measure fatigue.


Assuntos
Esclerose Múltipla , Humanos , Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Esclerose Múltipla/diagnóstico , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Fadiga/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Avaliação da Deficiência
10.
Child Care Health Dev ; 50(2): e13240, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2001, the International Classification of Functioning and Disability (ICF) introduced participation as a main goal of rehabilitation processes. However, to date, a comprehensive concept of participation in the rehabilitative context is missing, particularly in German-speaking countries. We thus aimed to refine and extend the existing concepts of participation in this brief communication. METHODS: In preceding studies, we conducted semi-structured interviews with adolescents who either had chronic diseases and/or physical disabilities or had no impairments and focus groups with parents and experts. Based on these diverse perspectives and findings, we refine the term participation. RESULTS: Participation is a construct that is embedded in a social context and consists of objective (i.e., attendance) and subjective (i.e., satisfaction and involvement) dimensions. These dimensions are reflected in different domains and areas that are relevant to adolescents' lives. In addition, the subjective relevance of respective areas in life needs to be regarded as a weighing component when evaluating participation. CONCLUSION: Our results reflect international models on participation, refine the existing concept, and underline the multidimensional character of participation. These findings are urgently needed to develop appropriate instruments, for example, for assessing whether rehabilitative processes are effective regarding the goal of participation.


Assuntos
Formação de Conceito , Pessoas com Deficiência , Humanos , Adolescente , Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação , Meio Social , Grupos Focais , Doença Crônica , Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde , Avaliação da Deficiência
11.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 239, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is currently a lack of functional assessment tools based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) theoretical framework that are specific for older adults. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to develop Chinese assessment standards of the ICF Geriatric Core Set for functional evaluation of older adults. METHODS: A two-stage study process was conducted to develop the assessment standards of the ICF Geriatric Core Set: establishment of candidate assessment standards, and a modified Delphi consensus process including a pilot survey and two-round formal expert survey. Thirty participants in the field of ICF and geriatric rehabilitation were recruited. The suitability of the assessment standards in the questionnaires was rated using a Likert 5-level scoring method. The arithmetic mean, the full mark ratio and the coefficient of variation (CV) were used as screening indicators for the assessment standards, and modification was made for several standards, in line with the Delphi results and the expert panel discussion. RESULTS: Thirty-three candidate assessment standards belonging to 17 categories were generated. A total of 26 and 24 experts in the field of ICF and geriatric rehabilitation participated in the two-round survey, respectively. Five standards belonging to four categories entered into the second-round survey directly, five standards belonged to five categories entered with minor modification, and nine standards belonging to seven categories were redesigned based on the literature and discussion of the expert panel. In the second-round survey,15 assessment standards belonging to 15 categories met the screening requirements and four assessment standards belonged to the two remaining categories that needed a criterion and which the expert panel discussed for the final decision. CONCLUSIONS: Using the modified Delphi method, the assessment standards of the ICF Geriatric Core Set have been developed.Future work should focus on the reliability and validity of the the assessment standards and their application to the health management of older adults.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Pessoas com Deficiência , Humanos , Idoso , Técnica Delfos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Atividades Cotidianas , Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde
12.
Med J Malaysia ; 79(Suppl 1): 47-52, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555885

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire predicts the amount of the patient's inabilities and symptoms to evaluate the impacts of upper limb conditions in the patient's daily-life activities. This study aims to test the psychometric properties of DASH in Kurdish patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 93 patients with diagnosed carpal tunnel syndrome subjected to complete the self-report DASH-KU and patient rated wrist\hand evaluation PRWHEKU questionnaire during two consecutive assessments with a 24-hour interval before any intervention. RESULTS: DASH-KU questionnaire had excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.99) and test-retest reliability (intra-class correlation coefficient =0.99). A strong correlation between the DASH-KU score and the PRWHE tool (r=0.792) demonstrated acceptable construct validity of DASH-KU. Bland-Altman plot showed good agreement between the two assessments of DASH-KU, and no floor (3%) nor ceiling effects (0%) were observed. Factor analysis showed that the DASH-KU scale had a high acceptable adequacy (adequacy index = 0.700) and a significant sphericity (p<0.001). The analysis showed a major factor that accounted for 40% of the observed variance with an eigenvalue of 13.14. In addition, five items model also explained 81.23% of the DASH-KU scale variance. However, the responsiveness of DASH-KU was suboptimum, which can be linked to the short 24-hour interval between measurements. CONCLUSION: The DASH-KU scale is a reliable, valid, and responsive instrument for assessing disabilities in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal , Ombro , Humanos , Braço , Cegueira , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/diagnóstico , Avaliação da Deficiência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Extremidade Superior
13.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299719, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478497

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low back pain is one of the most frequent medical problems caused by different factors. It is important to evaluate low back pain by choosing the best suited tool for the specific spine condition and pain severity. The Spine Functional Index (SFI) is a relatively new physical functioning-related questionnaire that can be used to assess different aspects of daily activities and movements. The purpose of this study was to cross-culturally adapt the SFI for the Lithuanian language and to determine its psychometric properties of validity, reliability, construct stability, internal consistency and factor structure. METHODS: The study was designed as a two-stage observational study. Double forward and backward translations of SFI were performed for cultural adaptation for the Lithuanian language. For evaluation of psychometric properties, 125 participants with non-specific low back pain (duration of symptoms ≥ 6 weeks) rated their pain using Numeric Rating Scale, completed the Lithuanian version of SFI and Oswestry Disability Index. In 3 to 7 days all participants completed Lithuanian version SFI for the second time. The full sample was employed to determine internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct stability, measurement error, construct validity and factor structure. RESULTS: There was good internal consistency and reliability with Lithuanian version of SFI as Cronbach's α = 0.92 and r = 0.82. Spearman-Brown coefficient was 0.97 representing good construct stability. Measurement error from standard error of the mean (SEM) was 6.96, from Minimal Detectable Change (MDC) was 16.24. Construct validity between the Lithuanian version of SFI and Oswestry Disability Index was excellent (ρ = 0.83), and good between the SFI and Numeric Rating Scale (ρ = 0.55). The factor analysis demonstrated a one-factor solution explaining 35.04% of total variance. CONCLUSION: Lithuanian version of SFI is a new reliable and valid instrument for functional evaluation of back pain in Lithuanian speaking patients.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Humanos , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico , Comparação Transcultural , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Lituânia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Traduções , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idioma , Psicometria
14.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(3)2024 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541112

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: objective measures of disability and neurological impairmentare used to search for disease activity and monitor disease evolution in multiple sclerosis (MS). These are sometimes in disagreement with subjective quality-of-life measures. We aimed to establish the relations between the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life instrument (MSQOL-54) and objective measures of neurological impairment. Materials and Methods: 107 patients with MS were evaluated with the Single Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) for cognition, Nine Holes Peg Test (9HPT) for upper limb function, 25 Feet Walk Test (25FWT) for gait, and EDSS for global disability in a cohort study. Age and education level were recorded as sociodemographic factors. Results: the median EDSS was 3.5 (IQR 2.5); average SDMT score was 30.38 ± 13.54; and 9HPT speed was significantly higher for the dominant upper limb (0.3 ± 0.1 pegs/s versus 0.28 ± 0.11 pegs/s) (p = 0.016). The mental health composite score of the MSQOL-54 correlated with the SDMT, education level, and EDSS. Education level correlated with cognition and quality of life. The physical health composite score of the MSQOL-54 correlated with motor-function parameters and with SDMT. The motor-function parameters correlated well among themselves. A linear regression model found an important influence of SDMT and education level on the mental health composite score of the MSQOL-54. Although the linear regression model predicting the physical health composite score from physical disability parameters was statistically sound, none of the determinants had a significant individual influence. Conclusions: the subscores of the MSQOL-54 correlated well with the objective parameters. The strongest correlations were those with the cognitive function. Correlations with physical disability were less powerful, probably reflecting their indirect and more limited influence on quality of life compared to cognition and perception of disability.


Assuntos
Esclerose Múltipla , Humanos , Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos de Coortes , Romênia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Cognição , Escolaridade
15.
RMD Open ; 10(1)2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458760

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify long-term disease activity trajectories from childhood to adulthood by using the clinical Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score (cJADAS10) in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Second, to evaluate the contribution of the cJADAS10 components and explore characteristics associated with active disease at the 18-year follow-up. METHODS: Patients with onset of JIA in 1997-2000 were followed for 18 years in the population-based Nordic JIA cohort. We used a discrete mixture model for longitudinal clustering of the cJADAS10 and its components. We assessed factors potentially associated with higher scores on the patient's global assessment of well-being (PaGA) by hierarchical clustering and correlation analysis. RESULTS: Four disease activity trajectories were identified based on the cJADAS10 components among 427 patients. In trajectory-group 2, the PaGA and the physician's global assessment of disease activity (PhGA) increased significantly during the course, but not the active joint count. The increase in the PaGA was significantly higher than the increases in the PhGA and the active joint count (p<0.0001). A similar pattern was found among all the patients with active disease in the total cohort. Patients with higher PaGA scores had unfavourable scores on several other patient-reported outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: We have identified groups of patients based on long-term disease activity trajectories. In our study the PaGA was the most important driver of disease activity into adulthood assessed by cJADAS10. We need to better understand how our patients interpret global well-being and implement strategies to achieve inactive disease perceived both by the patient and the physician.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Juvenil , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Artrite Juvenil/epidemiologia , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Avaliação da Deficiência
18.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38529866

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of telerehabilitation (TELEREBT) of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in the context of the coronavirus pandemic 2020-2021. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 37 patients with MS who underwent a course of teleRBT. The course included 10 classes of 60 minutes for 10 days with a two-day break. Various questionnaires and scales were used to assess the effectiveness, as well as an assessment of the neurological status. RESULTS: 19 patients refused to participate in the program. The level of disability on the EDSS scale decreased from 4.86±1.19 at the initial level to 4.73±1.12 after the course of teleRBT, while no statistically significant changes were found. CONCLUSION: TeleRPT in patients can be an effective way to correct existing disorders. Further research is required to establish the effectiveness of teleRBT.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Esclerose Múltipla , Telerreabilitação , Humanos , Esclerose Múltipla/reabilitação , Pandemias , Avaliação da Deficiência
19.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 236, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brief whole-spine patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) provide regional solutions and future directions for quantifying functional status, evidence, and effective interventions. The whole-spine regional Spine Functional Index (SFI-25) is used internationally in clinical and scientific contexts to assess general sub-acute/chronic spine populations. However, to improve structural validity and practicality a shortened version is recommended. This study developed a shortened-SFI from the determined optimal number of item questions that: correlated with criteria PROMs being highly with whole-spine, moderately with regional-spine, condition-specific and patient-specific, and moderately-low with general-health and pain; retained one-dimensional structural validity and high internal consistency; and improved practicality to reduce administrative burden. METHODS: A cross-sectional study (n = 505, age = 18-87 yrs., average = 40.3 ± 10.1 yrs) of sub-acute/chronic spine physiotherapy outpatients from an international sample of convenience. Three shortened versions of the original SFI-25 were developed using 1) qualitative 'content-retention' methodology, 2) quantitative 'factorial' methodology, and 3) quantitative 'Rasch' methodology, with a fourth 'random' version produced as a comparative control. The clinimetric properties were established for structural validity with exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory (CFA) factorial analysis, and Rasch analysis. Criterion validity used the: whole-spine SFI-25 and Functional Rating Index (FRI); regional-spine Neck Disability Index (NDI), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and Roland Morris Questionnaire (RMQ), condition-specific Whiplash Disability Questionnaire (WDQ); and patient-specific functional scale (PSFS); and determined floor/ceiling effect. A post-hoc pooled international sub-acute/chronic spine sample (n = 1433, age = 18-91 yrs., average = 42.0 ± 15.7 yrs) clarified the findings and employed the general-health EuroQuol-Index (EQ-5D), and 11-point Pain Numerical Rating Scale (P-NRS) criteria. RESULTS: A 10-item SFI retained structural validity with optimal practicality requiring no computational aid. The SFI-10 concept-retention-version demonstrated preferred criterion validity with whole-spine criteria (SFI-25 = 0.967, FRI = 0.810) and exceeded cut-off minimums with regional-spine, condition-specific, and patient-specific measures. An unequivocal one-dimensional structure was determined. Internal consistency was satisfactory (α = 0.80) with no floor/ceiling effect. Post-hoc analysis of the international sample confirmed these findings. CONCLUSION: The SFI-10 qualitative concept-retention version was preferred to quantitative factorial and Rasch versions, demonstrated structural and criterion validity, and preferred correlation with criteria measures. Further longitudinal research is required for reliability, error, and responsiveness, plus an examination of the practical characteristics of readability and administrative burden.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Psicometria , Comparação Transcultural , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Dor
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