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1.
Int Braz J Urol ; 50(3): 368-372, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598831

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This video aims to present an in-depth, step-by-step tutorial on microsurgical reconstruction for obstructive azoospermia, featuring a distinctive case involving anastomosis from vas deferens to rete testis. The primary aim of this endeavor is to offer thorough and practical insights for healthcare professionals and researchers within the realm of reproductive medicine. The video endeavors to disseminate expertise, methodologies, and perspectives that can be advantageous to individuals grappling with obstructive azoospermia, providing a significant contribution to the progress of reproductive medicine and the augmentation of existing treatment alternatives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical footage was recorded using the ORBEYE 4K 3D Orbital Camera System by Olympus America, with patient consent acquired for research purposes. Additionally, a retrospective examination of patient records was undertaken to compile relevant medical histories. RESULTS: This video furnishes an exhaustive guide to microsurgical reconstruction for obstructive azoospermia, encompassing a distinctive instance of anastomosis from vas deferens to rete testis. State-of-the-art technology, such as the ORBEYE 4K 3D Orbital Camera, heightens procedural transparency, accentuating the significance of advanced instrumentation. The ethical underpinning is emphasized by obtaining patient consent for footage utilization, and a retrospective chart review augments the repository of valuable patient data. This comprehensive approach serves as an invaluable reservoir of knowledge for medical professionals and underscores excellence in clinical and ethical healthcare research. CONCLUSIONS: Anastomosis from vas deferens to rete testis emerges as a viable surgical reconstruction alternative for obstructive azoospermia, particularly when confronted with non-dilated tubules within the epididymis.


Assuntos
Azoospermia , Ducto Deferente , Masculino , Humanos , Ducto Deferente/cirurgia , Rede do Testículo/cirurgia , Azoospermia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Epididimo , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Testículo/cirurgia
2.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0298019, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the outcomes of double-armed two-suture longitudinal intussusception microsurgical vasoepididymostomy (LIVE) and single-armed two-suture LIVE techniques in patients with epididymal obstructive azoospermia (EOA). The main outcomes assessed were patency rates, patency time, semen quality and natural pregnancy rates. METHODS: Data from patients with EOA who underwent two-suture LIVE were obtained from databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science. Weighted data were analyzed using a random-effects model, and weighted mean differences were reported. RESULTS: A total of 1574 patients with EOA from 24 studies were included. The overall patency rate was approximately 68% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 63-72%), with a patency time of approximately 4.63 months (95% CI: 4.15-5.12). The sperm concentration reached 26.90 million/ml and the sperm motility was 23.74%. The natural pregnancy rate was 38% (95% CI: 31-46%). The different definitions of patency do not seem to have any meaningful impact when comparing patency rates. There was no significant difference in patency rates, patency time, semen quality and natural pregnancy rates between the double-armed and single-armed LIVE techniques. CONCLUSION: The single-armed LIVE is a potential alternative surgical option when high quality double-needle sutures are not easily accessible.


Assuntos
Azoospermia , Intussuscepção , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise do Sêmen , Resultado do Tratamento , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides , Microcirurgia/métodos , Sêmen , Epididimo/cirurgia , Azoospermia/cirurgia , Suturas , Ducto Deferente/cirurgia
3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 13, 2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the diagnosis of tuberous vas deferens tuberculosis (VD TB) and improve the positive diagnostic rate of VD TB. METHODS: CEUS and routine ultrasound (US) images of 17 patients with tuberous VD TB confirmed by surgery, pathology, or laboratory semen examination were retrospectively analyzed and summarized, and the positive rates of both imaging techniques were compared. RESULTS: The 19 VD lesions of the 17 patients were divided into two types according to the CEUS findings: Type I and Type II, and type II was divided into Types IIa, IIb, and IIc. Of the nodules with transverse diameters > 1 cm, 100% presented as type II. Of the nodules with transverse diameters < 1 cm, 37.5% (3/8) presented as type I and 62.5% (5/8) presented as type II. The sonographic manifestations of tuberous VD TB were hypoechoic and mixed echoic. The positive diagnostic rate was 89.5% for CEUS and 68.4% for US, but the difference was not significant (χ2 = 2.533; P = 0.111). CONCLUSIONS: CEUS was able to show the blood supply characteristics of tuberous VD TB, the internal necrosis of nodules was more easily observed by CEUS than by routine US, which is helpful for the diagnosis of tuberous VD TB.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Ducto Deferente , Masculino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Necrose
4.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 12(1): e2364, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38284450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disorder rarely found in Asian populations. Most males with CF are infertile because of obstructive azoospermia (OA) caused by congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD). Compound heterozygous mutations of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) are among the most common pathogenic factors in CBAVD. However, few genealogical analyses have been performed. METHODS: In this study, whole-exome sequencing and cosegregation analysis were performed in a Chinese pedigree involving two siblings with CBAVD. Moreover, in vitro gene expressions were used to analyze the pathogenicity of a novel CFTR mutation. RESULTS: We identified compound heterozygous mutations of CFTR comprising the known disease-causing variant c.1210-11T>G (also known as IVS9-5 T) and c.2144delA;p.q715fs in two siblings with CBAVD. To verify the effects in vitro, we transfected vectors expressing wild-type and mutated CFTR into 293T cells. The results showed that the CFTR protein containing the frameshift mutation (c.2144delA) was 60 kD smaller. With testicular sperm aspiration/intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (TESA/ICSI-ET), both CBAVD patients fathered healthy offspring. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed that compound heterozygous mutations of CFTR are involved in CBAVD, expanding the known CFTR gene mutation spectrum of CBAVD patients and providing more evidence that compound heterozygous mutations can cause familial CBAVD.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Infertilidade Masculina , Doenças Urogenitais Masculinas , Humanos , Masculino , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/genética , Linhagem , Sêmen , Mutação , Ducto Deferente/anormalidades , Fibrose Cística/genética , Fibrose Cística/patologia , China
5.
Urol Pract ; 11(2): 409-415, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38226929

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chronic scrotal pain is difficult to manage, and epididymectomy is a treatment option for a subset of men with pain localized to the epididymis. We sought to evaluate the efficacy of epididymectomy at our institution. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2020, 225 men underwent epididymectomy at our institution for pain localized to the epididymis and not part of a greater constellation of pelvic pain or urinary symptoms. Our primary outcome measure was change in pain after epididymectomy, categorized as cured/improved or no change/worsened. Multivariable logistic regression compared the impact of pain duration, and surgical and psychiatric histories on postoperative pain. RESULTS: Patients in both outcome categories-cured/improved and no change/worsened-were similar in age and BMI. Overall, 162 patients (72%) reported cured/improved pain at the last documented follow-up visit. Median follow-up time was 12 (IQR 1-364) weeks. About half of the cohort (n = 117, 52%) had a prior vasectomy, and there was no difference in outcome based on vasectomy history on multivariate analysis (OR 0.625, P = .3). Men with pain duration > 1 year (OR 0.46, P = .03), diagnosed psychiatric conditions (OR 0.44, P = .04), or prior scrotal/inguinal/abdominal surgeries other than vasectomy (OR 0.47, P = .03) had decreased odds of pain relief after epididymectomy. CONCLUSIONS: This 20-year analysis is the largest review of postepididymectomy outcomes reported. Among carefully screened men, 72% had resolution or improvement of scrotal pain. Epididymectomy is most effective for men with < 1 year of focal epididymal pain, with no history of psychiatric conditions or scrotal/inguinal/abdominal surgery other than vasectomy.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Doenças dos Genitais Masculinos , Masculino , Humanos , Epididimo/cirurgia , Ducto Deferente , Resultado do Tratamento , Dor Pós-Operatória/cirurgia , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Dor Pélvica , Doenças dos Genitais Masculinos/cirurgia
7.
J Exp Zool A Ecol Integr Physiol ; 341(2): 138-150, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38047873

RESUMO

Although the usage of nanoparticles has expanded substantially in recent years, and it causes the detrimental effect on the various organs. CuNPs are widely used in commercial applications. There has been minimal investigation into the possibly harmful effects of CuNPs on the accessory reproductive organs. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of CuNPs on the male reproductive organs like epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicle and prostate of mice. The mice were exposed orally to CuNPs at three doses 10, 100, and 200 mg/kg for 70 days. Our results showed that the organs index of only vas deferens and prostate reduced at 200 mg/kg group compared to the control. However, the histological study showed degenerative changes in the epididymis at higher doses like distortion in the tubules. The sperm parameters were also decreased in the 200 mg/kg CuNPs group. The vas deferens in 100 and 200 mg/kg treatment groups exhibited detachment of luminal epithelium and with a few or no spermatozoa in the higher dose group. The seminal vesicle and prostate also showed degenerative changes like atrophy, hyperplasia, and scant secretary materials. Furthermore, CuNPs also increased the oxidative stress and decreased antioxidant enzymes in vas deferens and seminal vesicles at higher dose. Caput epididymis showed decreased GPx enzymes in all the groups. However, MDA and GPx in corpus, cauda, and prostate did not show any significant variations among all the groups. In conclusion, our results suggest that CuNPs can manifest the detrimental effect of the male accessory organs and epididymis in a dose and tissue dependent manner. Since, detrimental effects were observed only at higher dose, thus, uses of CuNPs would be safe for reproductive organs at lower dose, even for the prolonged duration.


Assuntos
Cobre , Epididimo , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Epididimo/patologia , Cobre/farmacologia , Sêmen , Ducto Deferente/patologia , Próstata/patologia
8.
Nitric Oxide ; 143: 1-8, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38096948

RESUMO

6-Nitrodopamine (6-ND) is released from rat and human vas deferens and is considered a major mediator of both tissues contractility. The contractions induced by 6-ND are selectively blocked by both tricyclic antidepressants and α1-adrenoceptor antagonists. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is the major isoform responsible for 6-ND release in mouse isolated heart, however the origin of 6-ND in the vas deferens is unknown. Here it was investigated by LC-MS/MS the basal release of 6-ND from isolated vas deferens obtained from control, eNOS-/-, nNOS-/-, and iNOS-/- mice. In addition, it was evaluated in vitro vas deferens contractility following electric field stimulation (EFS). Basal release of 6-ND was significantly reduced in nNOS-/- mice compared to control mice, but not decreased when the vas deferens were obtained from either eNOS-/- or iNOS-/- mice. Pre-incubation of the vas deferens with tetrodotoxin (1 µM) significantly reduced the basal release of 6-ND from control, eNOS-/-, and iNOS-/- mice but had no effect on the basal release of 6-ND from nNOS-/- mice. EFS-induced frequency-dependent contractions of the vas deferens, which were significantly reduced when the tissues obtained from control, eNOS-/- and iNOS-/- mice, were pre-incubated with l-NAME, but unaltered when the vas deferens was obtained from nNOS-/- mice. In addition, the EFS-induced contractions were significantly smaller when the vas deferens were obtained from nNOS-/- mice. The results clearly demonstrate that nNOS is the main NO isoform responsible for 6-ND release in mouse vas deferens and reinforces the concept of 6-ND as a major modulator of vas deferens contractility.


Assuntos
Dopamina , Norepinefrina , Ducto Deferente , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Ratos , Cromatografia Líquida , Dopamina/análogos & derivados , Contração Muscular , Óxido Nítrico/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I , Norepinefrina/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Ducto Deferente/fisiologia
9.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 41(2): 505-513, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38114870

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is the most common causative gene attributed to congenital obstructive azoospermia (OA). The aim of this study was to conduct an epidemiological survey of congenital OA patients, to screen for CFTR mutations, and to follow their pregnancy outcomes in assisted reproductive technology (ART). METHODS: This cohort study enrolled congenital OA patients undergoing ART and whole-exome sequencing from January 2018 to September 2023. Semen parameters, sex hormones, and seminal plasma biochemistry were evaluated. CFTR mutations identified in OA patients were analyzed. In addition, the laboratory outcomes, clinical outcomes, and neonatal outcomes were compared between OA patients carrying two CFTR mutations and the others after surgical sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. RESULTS: A total of 76 patients with congenital OA were enrolled. CFTR mutations were identified in 35 (46.1%) congenital OA patients. A total of 60 CFTR mutation sites of 27 types were identified, and 10 of them were novel. The average frequency was 1.71 (60/35) per person. The most common mutation was c.1210-11T > G (25%, 15/60). After ICSI treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in laboratory outcomes, clinical outcomes, and neonatal outcomes between OA patients carrying two CFTR mutations (n = 25) and other OA patients (n = 51). CONCLUSION: Apart from the IVS9-5T mutation, the genetic mutation pattern of CFTR in Chinese OA patients is heterogeneous, which is significantly different from that of Caucasians. Although carrying two CFTR mutations or not had no effect on the pregnancy outcomes in OA patients after ICSI, genetic counseling is still recommended for such patients.


Assuntos
Azoospermia , Gravidez , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Masculino , Azoospermia/genética , Azoospermia/terapia , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Sêmen , Mutação/genética , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , China/epidemiologia , Ducto Deferente/anormalidades
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(22)2023 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38003474

RESUMO

Pathogenic CFTR variants cause cystic fibrosis (CF), and CF-related disorders (CF-RD), including bilateral aplasia of the vas deferens (CBAVD). The spectrum of clinical manifestations depends on the CFTR genotype. The frequency and spectrum of the CFTR variants vary between populations and clinical groups. CFTR variants and genotypes were analyzed in Russian men with CF (n = 546) and CBAVD syndrome (n = 125). Pathogenic variants were detected in 93.95% and 39.2% of the CF and CBAVD alleles, respectively. The most frequent c.1521_1523del (F508del; p.Phe508del) variant was found in 541 (49.5%) CF alleles. A total of 162 CFTR genotypes were revealed in CF patients, including 152 homozygous and 394 compound-heterozygous. The most common CF-genotype was F508del/F508del (24.9%). Other frequent CF-genotypes were F508del/3849+10kbC>T, F508del/CFTRdele2,3, and F508del/E92K. CF-causing variants and/or 5T allele were found in 88% of CBAVD patients: 5T/CFTRmut (48.0%), CFTRmut/N (17.6%), CFTRmut/CFTRmut (6.4%), 5T/5T (10.4%), 5T/N (5.6%) and N/N (12.0%), with the most common CBAVD-genotype being F508del/5T (29.6%). The allele frequencies of F508del, CFTRdele2,3 394delTT, and 3849+10kbC>T were significantly higher in CF patients. L138ins/L138ins, 2184insA/E92K, and L138ins/N genotypes were found in CBAVD, but not in CF patients. The results indicate certain differences in the frequency of some CFTR variants and genotypes in Russian CF and CBAVD patients.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Masculino , Humanos , Fibrose Cística/genética , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/genética , Ducto Deferente , Mutação , Genótipo , Federação Russa
11.
World J Urol ; 41(12): 3795-3800, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37880539

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Vasovasostomy is used to correct vas deferens (VD) transections encountered during surgery or to reverse sterilization vasectomies. Achieving vasal patency is the primary goal and the success is assessed on various factors including VD patency, flow rates, and pregnancy rates. While preserving vas motility is not a major concern in surgical practice, it is worth noting that VD has peristaltic activity which plays crucial role during ejaculation. Any disruption in its motility could potentially lead to negative outcomes in the future. We conducted an experimental study to assess vas motility changes following vasovasostomy. METHODS: The study was approved by Gazi University, Animals Ethic Committee. Twenty-four rats were allocated to four groups. Left-sided VD was harvested in control group (Gr1). The rest of the animals were subjected to transection of VD. Gr2 and 3 underwent microscopic and macroscopic anastomosis, respectively, while Gr4 underwent vasal approximation. After 12 weeks, all left-sided VD were resected, electrical field stimulation (EFS) and exogenous drugs were applied to induce contractions. Statistical analyses were performed and p value < 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. RESULTS: The first and second phases of EFS-induced contractile responses(CR) increased for Gr3 and decreased for Gr4 at submaximal and maximal frequencies. An increase only at maximal frequency for second phase EFS-induced CR was encountered for Gr2. α-ß-methylene-ATP-induced CR decreased for Gr3 and 4. Noradrenaline-induced CR increased for Gr2, and 3 and decreased for Gr4. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that vasovasostomy performed using a surgical technique that minimizes disruption or damage to VD may have a favorable impact on motility.


Assuntos
Ducto Deferente , Vasovasostomia , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos , Animais , Ducto Deferente/cirurgia , Vasovasostomia/métodos , Pelve , Estimulação Elétrica , Norepinefrina/farmacologia
12.
Urology ; 182: 143-148, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37716455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and treatment rates of low testosterone (T) in men with cystic fibrosis (CF). CF is a genetic disease with highly variable presentation that results from a mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Phenotypic manifestations of CF include alterations in function of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and reproductive system. Despite the well-described association between CF and infertility secondary to congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD), men with CF report further sexual and reproductive health concerns, many of which are often associated with low testosterone. METHODS: We queried the TrinetX database for men over 18years old with CF or CBAVD to assess what percentage of men had a T level measured, and if hypogonadal (below 300 ng/dL), what percentage received T therapy (TT). We hypothesized that low T would be under-evaluated in the CF population. RESULTS: Serum T levels were measured in 10.1% of men with CF and 8.9% of men with CBAVD. Within each group, 464 men with CF (32.7%) and 132 with CBAVD (43.0%) demonstrated low T. The majority of men with T < 300 ng/dL went on to appropriately receive TT: 59.3% of men with CF and 78% with CBAVD. CONCLUSION: Our data suggests that hypogonadism is highly prevalent in men with CF and CBAVD. Investigation and appropriate treatment of testosterone deficiency may significantly improve quality of life.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Infertilidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Fibrose Cística/complicações , Fibrose Cística/genética , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/complicações , Mutação , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Testosterona , Ducto Deferente/anormalidades
13.
Microsc Microanal ; 29(2): 713-738, 2023 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37749740

RESUMO

Heat shock proteins (HSPs) play key roles in controlling the morphological transformation of germ cells during spermatogenesis and posttesticular maturation of sperm. This study aims to reveal the presence and localization patterns of large adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-dependent HSPs family members in adult domestic cat testis and excurrent ducts utilizing Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence techniques. The results indicated that the relative amounts of heat shock protein D1 (HSPD1)/HSP60, heat shock protein C (HSPC)/HSP90, and heat shock protein H (HSPH)/HSP105/110 were highest in the testis, while heat shock protein A (HSPA)/HSP70 was highest in the corpus epididymis. HSPs exhibited spermatogenic stage-dependent localization patterns in germ cells. Sertoli and Leydig cells were positive for other HSPs except for HSPC/HSP90. The tubules rectus and rete testis epithelia showed only HSPD1/HSP60 and HSPA/HSP70 immunoreactivity, while the ciliated cells of efferent ductules were positive for all HSPs. In the epididymis and vas deferens, HSPs localizations were cell and region specific. HSPD1/HSP60 was localized in the midpiece of the immature spermatozoa tail, while HSPA/HSP70 and HSP90 were found only in the proximal cytoplasmic droplet (CD). HSPH/HSP105 was observed in CD and the principal piece but not the midpiece. Overall, the different expression of HSPs throughout the domestic cat testis and excurrent ducts indicates their critical roles in maintaining reproductive functions under physiological conditions.


Assuntos
Epididimo , Testículo , Gatos , Masculino , Animais , Epididimo/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Ducto Deferente , Sêmen/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo
14.
Anat Histol Embryol ; 52(6): 956-966, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37605845

RESUMO

Thirteen black agouti (Dasyprocta fuliginosa) male fetuses, acquired in two areas of the Amazon Forest, were used for the purpose of morphologically describing the fetal male urogenital organs with a focus on addressing histological and macroscopic aspects. The organs of interest were dissected and photographed in situ and ex situ. Fragments were collected and subjected to routine histological processing for inclusion in paraffin, which was cut and stained by haematoxylin and eosin and Gomori's Trichrome methods and subsequently analysed in a light microscope. The results showed that the urinary tract is like that of domestic animals and is composed of smooth unilobed kidneys covered by a dense capsule of connective tissue and divided into two well-defined regions, cortical and medullary. Ureters, urethra and urinary bladder also showed macroscopic and microscopic characteristics similar to those of domestic animals. The penis of these animals has fibroelastic characteristics, with numerous keratinized structures at its apex. In the middle third of the penis, a "U" shaped penile flexure was seen; the glans penis is covered by a keratinized epidermis containing horny spicules. The presence of a penile bone in an endochondral ossification process was observed, being more developed in gestational ages greater than 76 days. The annex glands were not observed, probably because they were fetuses; only the ampulla of the ductus deferens was identified.


Assuntos
Cuniculidae , Dasyproctidae , Masculino , Animais , Diferenciação Sexual , Pênis/anatomia & histologia , Uretra , Ducto Deferente
15.
Fundam Clin Pharmacol ; 37(6): 1170-1178, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37392126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: RS17053 is classed as an α1A -adrenoceptor selective antagonist. OBJECTIVES: We have examined its profile of action at all subtypes of α1 -adrenoceptor. METHODS: Noradrenaline (NA) evoked contractions of rat vas deferens involve α1D -adrenoceptors in phasic contractions and α1A -adrenoceptors in tonic contractions. Contractions of rat aorta to NA involve α1D - and α1B -adrenoceptors. RESULTS: RS17053 (10-5  M) shifted NA potency and virtually abolished tonic contractions to NA, with little or limited effect on phasic contractions. The α1D -adrenoceptor antagonist BMY7378 (3 × 10-7 M) significantly inhibited the remaining phasic component of the contractions, and the α1A -adrenoceptor antagonist RS100329 (10-7  M) inhibited further the residual tonic contraction. Hence, RS17053 shows high selectivity for α1A -adrenoceptors over α1D -adrenoceptors in rat vas deferens. However, RS17053 (10-5  M) produced a large shift in the potency of NA in rat aorta, with a pKB of 6.82. Large shifts of NA potency in rat aorta involve α1B -adrenoceptor blockade. CONCLUSION: Results in rat vas deferens demonstrate low potency of RS17053 at α1D -adrenoceptors, but results from rat aorta can only be explained as demonstrating α1B -adrenoceptor antagonism by RS17053. RS17053 may be a useful pharmacological tool when reclassified as a mainly α1A - and to a lesser extent α1B -adrenoceptor antagonist with little effect at α1D -adrenoceptors.


Assuntos
Prazosina , Ducto Deferente , Masculino , Ratos , Animais , Prazosina/farmacologia , Ducto Deferente/fisiologia , Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 1/fisiologia , Norepinefrina/farmacologia , Aorta
16.
Vet Med Sci ; 9(5): 2015-2021, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37466009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orchiectomy with a vas deferens to pampiniform plexus ligation (VPL) is a novel method, and it is unclear how its short-term outcomes compare with the results of a conventional method, spermatic cord ligation (SCL). OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term outcomes of SCL and VPL on inflammation, surgery time, bleeding, pain and surgeon satisfaction during canine open orchiectomy. METHODS: Thirty male crossbred dogs undergoing open orchiectomy were enrolled the study. Dogs were randomly allocated to one of the SCL or VPL groups, with 15 patients in each. In the SCL group, the spermatic cord was ligated using absorbable sutures. The vas deferens, and pampiniform plexus self-tying were performed in the VPL group. Surgery time, bleeding and surgeon satisfaction scores were recorded. Inflammation at the surgical site was assessed using infrared thermal camera over three days, and pain associated with inflammation was scored on the third day. RESULTS: On Day 3, the average temperature in the SCL group was significantly higher than that of the VPL group, with a mean difference of 4.63°C (95% CI: 2.34-6.93, p < 0.001). Moreover, the surgery time in the VPL group was significantly longer compared to the SCL group, with a mean difference of 1.7 min (95% CI: 0.28-3.11, p = 0.021). The bleeding score was also significantly higher in the VPL group (p = 0.012). On the other hand, surgeon satisfaction and pain scores were not significantly different between groups. CONCLUSION: Both SCL and VPL methods are safe and effective for orchiectomy in dogs. VPL is comparable in efficacy and safety and has the additional benefit of less inflammation.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Cordão Espermático , Cães , Masculino , Animais , Cordão Espermático/cirurgia , Ducto Deferente , Orquiectomia/veterinária , Orquiectomia/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Inflamação/veterinária , Dor/cirurgia , Dor/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia
17.
Asian J Androl ; 25(6): 708-712, 2023 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37147939

RESUMO

Vasectomy damage is a common complication of open nonmesh hernia repair. This study was a retrospective analysis of the characteristics and possible causes of vas deferens injuries in patients exhibiting unilateral or bilateral vasal obstruction caused by open nonmesh inguinal herniorrhaphy. The site of the obstructed vas deferens was intraoperatively confirmed. Data, surgical methods, and patient outcomes were examined. The Anderson-Darling test was applied to test for Gaussian distribution of data. Fisher's exact test or Mann-Whitney U test and unpaired t-test were used for statistical analyses. The mean age at operation was 7.23 (standard deviation [s.d.]: 2.09) years and the mean obstructive interval was 17.72 (s.d.: 2.73) years. Crossed (n = 1) and inguinal ( n = 42) vasovasostomies were performed. The overall patency rate was 85.3% (29/34). Among the 43 enrolled patients (mean age: 24.95 [s.d.: 2.20] years), 73 sides of their inguinal regions were explored. The disconnected end of the vas deferens was found in the internal ring on 54 sides (74.0%), was found in the inguinal canal on 16 sides (21.9%), and was found in the pelvic cavity on 3 sides (4.1%). Location of the vas deferens injury did not significantly differ according to age at the time of hernia surgery ( ≥ 12 years or <12 years) or obstructive interval (≥15 years or <15 years). These results underscore that high ligation of the hernial sac warrants extra caution by surgeons during open nonmesh inguinal herniorrhaphy.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Criança , Ducto Deferente/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Doença Iatrogênica
18.
Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol ; 396(10): 2555-2570, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37014401

RESUMO

6-Nitrodopamine (6-ND) is a novel endogenous catecholamine that is released from the rat isolated vas deferens, and has been characterized as a major modulator of the contractility of rat isolated epididymal vas deferens (RIEVD). Drugs such as tricyclic antidepressants, α1 and ß1ß2 adrenoceptor blockers, act as selective antagonists of the 6-ND receptor in the RIEVD. In the rat isolated atria, 6-ND has a potent positive chronotropic action and causes remarkable potentiation of the positive chronotropic effects induced by dopamine, noradrenaline, and adrenaline. Here, whether 6-ND interacts with the classical catecholamines in the rat isolated vas deferens was investigated. Incubation with 6-ND (0.1 and 1 nM; 30min) caused no contractions in the RIEVD but provoked significant leftward shifts in the concentration-response curves to noradrenaline, adrenaline, and dopamine. Pre-incubation of the RIEVD with 6-ND (1 nM), potentiated the contractions induced by electric-field stimulation (EFS), whereas pre-incubation with 1 nM of dopamine, noradrenaline or adrenaline, did not affect EFS-induced contractions. In tetrodotoxin (1 µM) pre-treated (30 min) RIEVD, pre-incubation with 6-ND (0.1 nM) did not cause leftward shifts in the concentration-dependent contractions induced by noradrenaline, adrenaline, or dopamine. Pre-incubation of the RIEVD with the α2A-adrenoceptor antagonist idazoxan (30 min, 10 nM) did not affect dopamine, noradrenaline, adrenaline, and EFS-induced contractions. However, when idazoxan (10 nM) and 6-ND (0.1 nM) were simultaneously pre-incubated (30 min), a significant potentiation of the EFS-induced contractions of the RIEVD was observed. 6-nitrodopamine causes remarkable potentiation of dopamine, noradrenaline, and adrenaline contractions on the RIEVD, due to activation of adrenergic terminals, possibly via pre-synaptic adrenoceptors.


Assuntos
Norepinefrina , Ducto Deferente , Masculino , Ratos , Animais , Norepinefrina/farmacologia , Epinefrina/farmacologia , Dopamina/farmacologia , Idazoxano/farmacologia , Catecolaminas/farmacologia , Receptores Adrenérgicos , Estimulação Elétrica , Contração Muscular
19.
J Pediatr Surg ; 58(7): 1301-1305, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36894446

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair is a commonly performed procedure in children. Currently, monofilament polypropylene and braided silk are the two most frequently used materials. Studies have suggested more tissue inflammatory reactions with the use of multifilament non-absorbable sutures. However, little is known about the effects of suture materials on adjacent vas deferens. The aim of this experiment was to compare the effect of non-absorbable monofilament and multifilament sutures on vas deferens in laparoscopic hernia repair. METHODS: All animal operations were performed by a single surgeon under aseptic conditions and anaesthesia. Ten male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into two groups. In Group I, "hernia repair" was performed using 5.0 Silk. In Group II, polypropylene sutures (Prolene®; Ethicon, Somerville, N.J., USA) were used. All animals also received sham operations in the left groin as a control. After 14 days, the animals were euthanised and a segment of vas deferens just adjacent to the suture was excised for histological review by an experienced pathologist who was blind to the treatment groups of the respective specimens. RESULTS: The body sizes of the rats in each group were comparable. Group I had significantly smaller vas deferens than Group II (diameter: 0.2 vs. 0.6 ± 0.2, p = 0.005). Silk sutures appeared to cause more tissue adhesion than Prolene® sutures, as graded by blind assessors (adhesion grade: 2.8 ± 1.3 vs. 1.8 ± 0.8, p = 0.1), although this did not reach statistical significance. There was no significant difference in the histological fibrosis score and inflammation score. CONCLUSION: The only effect of non-absorbable sutures on vas deferens in this rat model was the reduced cross-sectional area of vas deferens and increased tissue adhesion when using silk sutures. However, there was no significant histological difference in inflammation or fibrosis caused by either material.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Polipropilenos , Ducto Deferente/cirurgia , Virilha/cirurgia , Aderências Teciduais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Poliglactina 910 , Suturas , Seda , Inflamação , Fibrose , Técnicas de Sutura
20.
Urology ; 175: 74-76, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36858322

RESUMO

Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) occurs in almost all men with cystic fibrosis. Prevailing theories on this pathophysiology relate to pathogenic mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator gene leading to agenesis or obliteration of vas deferens in utero. In this study, we present a case of two brothers with congenital anomalies of the vas deferens who were found to have carried a rare, heterozygous cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator variant p.r347h without pulmonary or gastrointestinal signs or symptoms of cystic fibrosis .


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Ducto Deferente , Masculino , Humanos , Ducto Deferente/anormalidades , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/genética , Fibrose Cística/patologia , Sequenciamento do Exoma , Irmãos , Mutação
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