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1.
Nurs Philos ; 25(3): e12489, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38993083

RESUMO

In this article, we investigate how the concept of Care Biography and related concepts are understood and operationalised and describe how it can be applied to advancing our understanding and practice of holistic and person-centred care. Walker and Avant's eight-step concept analysis method was conducted involving multiple database searches, with potential or actual applications of Care Biography identified based on multiple discussions among all authors. Our findings demonstrate Care Biography to be a novel overarching concept derived from the conjunction of multiple other concepts and applicable across multiple care settings. Concepts related to Care Biography exist but were more narrowly defined and mainly applied in intensive care, aged care, and palliative care settings. They are associated with the themes of Meaningfulness and Existential Coping, Empathy and Understanding, Promoting Positive Relationships, Social and Cultural Contexts, and Self-Care, which we used to inform and refine our concept analysis of Care Biography. In Conclusion, the concept of Care Biography, can provide a deeper understanding of a person and their care needs, facilitate integrated and personalised care, empower people to be in control of their care throughout their life, and help promote ethical standards of care.


Assuntos
Formação de Conceito , Humanos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/normas , Empatia
2.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(6): 1189-1191, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38949000

RESUMO

In this communication, we discuss the concept of psychological first aid, as relevant to diabetes management. Psychological first aid, in the diabetes care context, is defined as "the empathic support, counselling and education to improve coping skills, and optimize selfcare of persons living with diabetes, so that psychological well-being can be optimized." Various models can help provide structured psychological first aid. We feel that each and every health care provider should be able to provide effective first aid, including psychological first aid.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Aconselhamento , Humanos , Aconselhamento/métodos , Diabetes Mellitus/psicologia , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Autocuidado/psicologia , Apoio Social , Empatia , Primeiros Socorros/métodos
3.
BMC Prim Care ; 25(1): 245, 2024 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38971730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many cancer patients prefer to receive palliative treatment at home, as it allows them to be in a familiar and comfortable environment. Integrating Advance Care Planning (ACP) into routine practice in primary healthcare helps patients and their relatives prepare for end-of-life (EoL) care in accordance with patients' preferences. This includes the option to spend their final days at home if desired. The aim of this study was to gain insights from experiences of advanced seriously ill cancer patients at home while receiving palliative treatment and being engaged in ACP within primary healthcare settings. METHOD: This study employed a qualitative design, utilizing individual, semi-structured interviews that were analysed through reflexive thematic analysis, employing an abductive approach with a latent-level focus. The study included interviews with 12 participants with cancer who were receiving palliative care, had an estimated lifetime under 3 months, and had undergone an organized ACP approach in primary healthcare, documented with a palliative plan. RESULTS: Participants emphasized the importance of (1) Preserving normality at home, maintaining a sense of routine, comfort, and familiarity in the face of present and future challenges. The top obstacles for success identified by participants included (1a) The challenge of deterioration and the dual aspects of (1b) The value and burden of family caregivers. Cancer treatment placed a significant demand on patients due to side effects. Family caregivers played a crucial role for participants, providing support in daily life and serving as a key factor in the overall decision to which extend they are able to involve in support and care at home in the future. (2) Compassionate health care personnel (HCP) made a difference by fostering a culture of understanding participants' concerns, fears, and preferences, which was a key element that built and maintained trust for the participants. (3) Preparing for the future, especially EoL discussions initiated by healthcare personnel, was deemed important but, at times, uncomfortable for participants as it confronted them with reality. Guidance from ACP provided them with a sense of certainty and control. CONCLUSION: Preserving normality at home, along with the desire to stay at home for as long as possible, is a crucial goal for advanced cancer patients. Consistent professional communication and care in primary healthcare play a key role in building and maintaining trust, as well as fostering a sense of certainty and control for the participants.


Assuntos
Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados , Empatia , Neoplasias , Cuidados Paliativos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Assistência Terminal , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Feminino , Masculino , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Terminal/psicologia , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Cuidadores/psicologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atenção Primária à Saúde
4.
Dev Psychobiol ; 66(6): e22524, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38973227

RESUMO

Alloparenting refers to the practice of caring for the young by individuals other than their biological parents. The relationship between the dynamic changes in psychological functions underlying alloparenting and the development of specific neuroreceptors remains unclear. Using a classic 10-day pup sensitization procedure, together with a pup preference and pup retrieval test on the EPM (elevated plus maze), we showed that both male and female adolescent rats (24 days old) had significantly shorter latency than adult rats (65 days old) to be alloparental, and their motivation levels for pups and objects were also significantly higher. In contrast, adult rats retrieved more pups than adolescent rats even though they appeared to be more anxious on the EPM. Analysis of mRNA expression using real-time-PCR revealed a higher dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) receptor expression in adult hippocampus, amygdala, and ventral striatum, along with higher dopamine D1 receptor (DRD1) receptor expression in ventral striatum compared to adolescent rats. Adult rats also showed significantly higher levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2A (HTR2A) receptor expression in the medial prefrontal cortex, amygdala, ventral striatum, and hypothalamus. These results suggest that the faster onset of alloparenting in adolescent rats compared to adult rats, along with the psychological functions involved, may be mediated by varying levels of dopamine DRD1, DRD2, and HTR2A in different forebrain regions.


Assuntos
Prosencéfalo , RNA Mensageiro , Receptor 5-HT2A de Serotonina , Receptores de Dopamina D1 , Receptores de Dopamina D2 , Animais , Receptores de Dopamina D2/metabolismo , Receptores de Dopamina D2/genética , Masculino , Ratos , Feminino , Receptores de Dopamina D1/metabolismo , Receptores de Dopamina D1/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Receptor 5-HT2A de Serotonina/metabolismo , Receptor 5-HT2A de Serotonina/genética , Prosencéfalo/metabolismo , Empatia/fisiologia , Fatores Etários , Caracteres Sexuais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Comportamento Animal/fisiologia , Tonsila do Cerebelo/metabolismo
5.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 55(3): 680-686, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38948264

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of empathy on depressive symptoms in adolescents and to explore the potential mediating role of family functioning in the effect of empathy on depressive symptoms. Methods: The 2022 cross-sectional data from the Chengdu Positive Child Development (CPCD) cohort were analyzed in the study. A survey was conducted in Chengdu in June 2022, involving 3020 students in grades 5-8 from three randomly selected stratified schools. The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI-C), the Chinese Family Assessment Instrument (C-FAI), and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Children (CES-DC) were used in the survey. Chi-square test or one-way analysis of variance was performed to examine the differences in various demographic characteristics (sex, grade, region, and total monthly household income) between groups of respondents, as well as the differences in family functioning, empathy, and depression. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to examine the correlation between family functioning, empathy, and depressive symptoms. Structural equation modeling and SPSS PROCESS component Model 4 were used to analyze whether family functioning played a mediating role in the effect of empathy on depressive symptoms in adolescents. Results: The detection rate of depressive symptoms among survey respondents was 25.40%. The results of the difference analysis revealed significant differences in the detection rates of depressive symptoms among respondents of different grades, regions, and monthly household incomes (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the detection rates of depressive symptoms between male and female students. There was a significant difference in the detection rate of depressive symptoms between respondents with different scores for family dysfunction and empathy ability (P<0.001). Correlation analysis results showed that empathy scores were negatively correlated with depression (r=-0.11, P<0.001), that family dysfunction was positively correlated with depression (r=0.29, P<0.001), and that empathy scores were negatively correlated with family functioning (r=-0.37, P<0.001). The mediating role of family dysfunction in the relationship between empathy and depressive symptoms was established, with the direct effect being 0.039 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.010-0.069, P<0.001) and the indirect effect value being -0.096 (95% CI: -0.115--0.079, P<0.001). The direct effect value accounted for 28.89% of the total effect value, while the mediation effect value accounted for 71.11% of the total effect value. Conclusion: The empathy ability of adolescents is correlated to depressive symptoms, and family functioning plays a mediating role between empathy and depressive symptoms in adolescents. It is suggested that adolescents' empathy ability and family functioning should be enhanced through multiple channels to reduce the occurrence of depressive symptoms.


Assuntos
Depressão , Empatia , Humanos , Adolescente , Depressão/psicologia , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , China , Família/psicologia
6.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 488, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38965469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present longitudinal investigation had two major goals. First, we intended to clarify whether depressed patients are characterized by impairments of emotional awareness for the self and the other during acute illness and whether these impairments diminish in the course of an inpatient psychiatric treatment program. Previous research based on the performance measure Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS) provided inconsistent findings concerning emotional self-awareness in clinical depression. Second, we investigated whether cognitive and affective empathic abilities change from acute illness to recovery in depressed patients. METHODS: Fifty-eight depressed patients were tested on admission and after 6-8 weeks of inpatient psychiatric treatment. A sample of fifty-three healthy individuals were also examined twice at an interval of 6-8 weeks. The LEAS and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) were administered to assess emotional awareness and empathic abilities. Written texts were digitalized and then analyzed using the electronic scoring program geLEAS, the German electronic Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale. RESULTS: Depressed patients reported more depressive symptoms than healthy controls and less severe depressive symptomatology at time 2 compared to time 1. Independent of time, depressed individuals tended to show lower geLEAS self scores and had lower geLEAS other scores than healthy individuals. Depressed patients showed higher personal distress scores than healthy individuals at both measurement times. No group differences were observed for the cognitive empathy scales of the IRI (perspective taking and fantasy) and empathic concern, but empathic concern decreased significantly in depressed patients from time 1 to time 2. Empathic abilities as assessed by the IRI were not significantly correlated with emotional awareness for others, neither in the whole sample, nor in the patient and control subsample. CONCLUSIONS: Depressed patients seem to be characterized by impairments in emotional awareness of others during acute illness and recovery, but they also tend to show deficits in emotional self-awareness compared to healthy individuals. Self-reported cognitive empathic abilities seem to be at normal levels in depressed patients, but their heightened self-focused affective empathy may represent a vulnerability factor for depressive disorders.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Emoções , Empatia , Humanos , Empatia/fisiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Emoções/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Aguda , Conscientização/fisiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Autoimagem , Depressão/psicologia
7.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0306461, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38968264

RESUMO

The present study examined whether people higher in psychopathy experienced less self-reported and psychophysiological nociceptive pressure than people lower in psychopathy. We also examined whether psychopathy affects empathy for others' pain via self-reported and psychophysiological measures. Three hundred and sixty-nine students (18-78 years; M = 26, SD = 9.34) were screened for psychopathic traits using the Youth Psychopathy Inventory (YPI). Stratified sampling was used to recruit 49 adults residing in the highest (n = 23) and lowest (n = 26) 20% of the psychopathy spectrum. Using skin conductance response (SCR) and self-report responses, participants responded to individually adjusted intensities of pneumatic pressure and others' pain images and completed self-reported psychopathy and empathy measures (Triarchic Psychopathy Measure, TriPm; Interpersonal Reactivity Index, IRI). People higher in psychopathy self-reported feeling less nociceptive pressure compared to people lower in psychopathy, yet we did not find any differences in SCR to nociceptive pressure. However, when viewing other people in pain, the high psychopathy group displayed lower SCR and lower self-reported empathy compared to those lower in psychopathy. Our results suggest psychopathic traits relate to problems empathising with others' pain, as well as the perception of nociceptive pressure. We also show support for the theory of dual harm which has been receiving increasing attention. Consequently, psychopathy interventions should focus both on recognising and empathising with the pain of others.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Empatia , Dor , Humanos , Empatia/fisiologia , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Adolescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/psicologia , Dor/fisiopatologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem , Idoso , Autorrelato , Resposta Galvânica da Pele/fisiologia , Psicofisiologia
8.
Cereb Cortex ; 34(7)2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38970361

RESUMO

Empathy toward suffering individuals serves as potent driver for prosocial behavior. However, it remains unclear whether prosociality induced by empathy for another person's pain persists once that person's suffering diminishes. To test this, participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging while performing a binary social decision task that involved allocation of points to themselves and another person. In block one, participants completed the task after witnessing frequent painful stimulation of the other person, and in block two, after observing low frequency of painful stimulation. Drift-diffusion modeling revealed an increased initial bias toward making prosocial decisions in the first block compared with baseline that persisted in the second block. These results were replicated in an independent behavioral study. An additional control study showed that this effect may be specific to empathy as stability was not evident when prosocial decisions were driven by a social norm such as reciprocity. Increased neural activation in dorsomedial prefrontal cortex was linked to empathic concern after witnessing frequent pain and to a general prosocial decision bias after witnessing rare pain. Altogether, our findings show that empathy for pain elicits a stable inclination toward making prosocial decisions even as their suffering diminishes.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Empatia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Empatia/fisiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Tomada de Decisões/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Comportamento Social , Dor/psicologia , Dor/fisiopatologia , Mapeamento Encefálico , Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiologia , Córtex Pré-Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(29): e2307221121, 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38980906

RESUMO

Human cognitive capacities that enable flexible cooperation may have evolved in parallel with the expansion of frontoparietal cortical networks, particularly the default network. Conversely, human antisocial behavior and trait antagonism are broadly associated with reduced activity, impaired connectivity, and altered structure of the default network. Yet, behaviors like interpersonal manipulation and exploitation may require intact or even superior social cognition. Using a reinforcement learning model of decision-making on a modified trust game, we examined how individuals adjusted their cooperation rate based on a counterpart's cooperation and social reputation. We observed that learning signals in the default network updated the predicted utility of cooperation or defection and scaled with reciprocal cooperation. These signals were weaker in callous (vs. compassionate) individuals but stronger in those who were more exploitative (vs. honest and humble). Further, they accounted for associations between exploitativeness, callousness, and reciprocal cooperation. Separately, behavioral sensitivity to prior reputation was reduced in callous but not exploitative individuals and selectively scaled with responses of the medial temporal subsystem of the default network. Overall, callousness was characterized by blunted behavioral and default network sensitivity to cooperation incentives. Exploitativeness predicted heightened sensitivity to others' cooperation but not social reputation. We speculate that both compassion and exploitativeness may reflect cognitive adaptations to social living, enabled by expansion of the default network in anthropogenesis.


Assuntos
Comportamento Cooperativo , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Motivação/fisiologia , Tomada de Decisões/fisiologia , Confiança/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Rede Nervosa/fisiologia , Empatia/fisiologia , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
Br J Nurs ; 33(13): 647, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38954447

RESUMO

Sam Foster, Executive Director of Professional Practice, Nursing and Midwifery Council, describes how compassionate leadership results in engaged and motivated staff, in turn leading to high-quality care.


Assuntos
Empatia , Segurança do Paciente , Humanos , Reino Unido , Liderança
12.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0305007, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38985731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although compassion is a crucial element of physicians' professional performance and high-quality care, research shows it often remains an unmet need of patients. Understanding patients' and physicians' perspectives on compassionate care may provide insights that can be used to foster physicians' ability to respond to patients' compassion needs. Therefore, this study aims to understand how both patients and physicians experience the concept and practice of compassionate care. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with eight patients and ten resident physicians at a University Medical Center in the Netherlands. Using thematic analysis, we separately coded patient and resident transcripts to identify themes capturing their experiences of compassionate care. This study was part of a larger project to develop an educational intervention to improve compassion in residents. RESULTS: For both patients and residents, we identified four themes encompassing compassionate care: being there, empathizing, actions to relieve patients' suffering, and connection. For residents, a fifth theme was professional fulfillment (resulting from compassionate care). Although patients and residents both emphasized the importance of compassionate care, patients did not always perceive the physician-patient encounter as compassionate. According to residents, high workloads and time pressures hindered their ability to provide compassionate care. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Patients and residents have similar and varying understandings of compassionate care at the same time. Understanding these differences can aid compassion in medical practice. Based on the findings, three topics are suggested to improve compassion in residents: (1) train residents how to ask for patients' compassion needs, (2) address residents' limiting beliefs about the concept and practice of compassion, and (3) acknowledge the art and science of medicine cannot be separated.


Assuntos
Empatia , Relações Médico-Paciente , Médicos , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Médicos/psicologia , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Internato e Residência , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pacientes/psicologia
13.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1434089, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38989120

RESUMO

Background: Empathy, as one of the fundamental principles of nursing professionalism, plays a pivotal role in the formation and advancement of the nursing team. Nursing interns, as a reserve force within the nursing team, are of significant importance in terms of their ability to empathize. This quality is not only directly related to the degree of harmony in the nurse-patient relationship and the enhancement of patient satisfaction, but also plays a pivotal role in the promotion of the quality of nursing services to a new level. Aim: The objective of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the current state of nursing interns' empathic abilities. To this end, we sought to examine empathic performance under different profile models and to identify the key factors influencing these profile models. Methods: The study utilized 444 nursing interns from 11 tertiary general hospitals in Inner Mongolia as research subjects. The study employed a number of research tools, including demographic characteristics, the Jefferson Scale of Empathy, and the Professional Quality of Life Scale. A latent profile model of nursing interns' empathy ability was analyzed using Mplus 8.3. The test of variability of intergroup variables was performed using the chi-square test. Finally, the influencing factors of each profile model were analyzed by unordered multi-categorical logistic regression analysis. Results: The overall level of empathy among nursing interns was found to be low, with 45% belonging to the humanistic care group, 43% exhibiting low empathy, and 12% demonstrating high empathy. The internship duration, empathy satisfaction, secondary traumatic stress, only child, place of birth, and satisfaction with nursing were identified as factors influencing the latent profiles of empathy in nursing interns (p < 0.05). Conclusion: There is considerable heterogeneity in nursing interns' ability to empathize. Consequently, nursing educators and administrators should direct greater attention to interns with lower empathy and develop targeted intervention strategies based on the influences of the different underlying profiles.


Assuntos
Empatia , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários , China , Competência Clínica
15.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 55(7): 326-327, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38959098

RESUMO

Healing is a difficult concept to describe, quantify, or replicate. It is a complex mixture of personal contributions from the professional providing care, including competence, compassion, and empathy, that conjoins with the needs, sensitivities, and receptivity of the one who is receiving the care. Although it may be difficult to predict all the elements that come together to initiate sustained healing, as well as the long-term impact, it is important to observe the moments that make a difference. For those who study the nature of healing, a patient's reflections can surface the kinds of elements that are present when healing is sustained. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2024;55(7):326-327.].


Assuntos
Empatia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar/educação , Ferimentos e Lesões/enfermagem , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos/normas
16.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13349, 2024 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858441

RESUMO

Empathy and assertiveness are two essential soft skills for any healthcare professional's competence and ethical development. It has been shown that empathy can be influenced throughout the training of a future healthcare professional, particularly during the clinical placement period. This research aims to assess fourth-year physiotherapy students' empathic and assertive development before and after clinical placement. A longitudinal observational study was conducted with fourth-year physiotherapy students during the academic year 2022/2023. A preliminary assessment of empathy and assertiveness levels was carried out before the start of the clinical placement and at the end of the placement using the Individual Reactivity Index to assess empathy and the Rathus Test to assess assertiveness. The results show a statistically significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) in both the empathy subscales of perspective-taking and empathic-concern between the pre- and postassessment, as well as an inverse correlation between the empathy subscale of personal distress and assertiveness. It is concluded that students show adequate results in empathy and assertiveness. However, there is some influence of clinical practice on the development of empathy, and future intervention studies need to be considered. Furthermore, students with higher levels of assertiveness have lower levels of personal distress, suggesting that assertiveness is closely related to empathy.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Empatia , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Longitudinais , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Competência Clínica
17.
Soins ; 69(886): 41-44, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880592

RESUMO

Jean Watson developed, in the United States, a conceptual model of nursing based on caring. A term sometimes translated as "to care" without properly reflecting what the concept entails. This theory has been adopted in many countries. Some authors report that it brings satisfaction to students, nurses, and managers of health facilities. Based on Watson's work, Chantal Cara built the humanist model of nursing at Montreal University. The aim of the project is to improve the well-being of patients and caregivers. It is likely to retain existing nurses and attract the next generation to the institutions which implement it.


Assuntos
Empatia , Humanos , França , Modelos de Enfermagem
18.
Soins ; 69(886): 45, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880593
19.
Cereb Cortex ; 34(6)2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38884282

RESUMO

Humanoid robots have been designed to look more and more like humans to meet social demands. How do people empathize humanoid robots who look the same as but are essentially different from humans? We addressed this issue by examining subjective feelings, electrophysiological activities, and functional magnetic resonance imaging signals during perception of pain and neutral expressions of faces that were recognized as patients or humanoid robots. We found that healthy adults reported deceased feelings of understanding and sharing of humanoid robots' compared to patients' pain. Moreover, humanoid robot (vs. patient) identities reduced long-latency electrophysiological responses and blood oxygenation level-dependent signals in the left temporoparietal junction in response to pain (vs. neutral) expressions. Furthermore, we showed evidence that humanoid robot identities inhibited a causal input from the right ventral lateral prefrontal cortex to the left temporoparietal junction, contrasting the opposite effect produced by patient identities. These results suggest a neural model of modulations of empathy by humanoid robot identity through interactions between the cognitive and affective empathy networks, which provides a neurocognitive basis for understanding human-robot interactions.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico , Encéfalo , Empatia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Robótica , Humanos , Empatia/fisiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Eletroencefalografia , Expressão Facial , Dor/psicologia , Dor/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor/fisiopatologia
20.
Eur J Psychotraumatol ; 15(1): 2360281, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38856044

RESUMO

Background: The initial wave of the COVID-19 pandemic significantly deteriorated mental health, especially among college students. Self-compassion has demonstrated benefits for psychological outcomes such as depressive symptoms, life satisfaction, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and posttraumatic growth (PTG). Notably, existing literature suggests that the protective and vulnerable aspects within the Self-Compassion Scale, namely, compassionate and uncompassionate self-responding (CSR and USR), can coexist within individuals and influence their mental health through various coexisting patterns. However, this process has not been sufficiently explored.Objective: This study aimed to explore the combined effects of CSR and USR on college students' depressive symptoms, life satisfaction, PTSS, and PTG during the initial wave of the pandemic.Method: In this cross-sectional study, 4450 Chinese college students (51.9% females, Mage = 20.58 years, SD = 1.49) completed self-report measures amid the COVID-19 pandemic's initial wave in 2020. Response surface analyses were utilised to investigate the combined effects of CSR and USR.Results: Simultaneously increased CSR and USR were associated with a slight increase in depressive symptoms, PTSS, and life satisfaction, but a substantial increase in PTG. Conversely, increased CSR and decreased USR were associated with a considerable decrease in depressive symptoms and PTSS, a significant increase in life satisfaction, and a moderate increase in PTG.Conclusions: CSR and USR demonstrated protective and vulnerable impacts, respectively. It is imperative to analyse their combined effects as an interactive system and consider the specific characteristics of different psychological responses.


Increased CSR and decreased USR were associated with less depressive symptoms and PTSS as well as more life satisfaction.CSR mitigated the negative effects of USR on depressive symptoms, life satisfaction, and PTSS.Simultaneously increased CSR and USR were associated with a substantial increase in PTG.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Depressão , Empatia , Saúde Mental , Estudantes , Humanos , COVID-19/psicologia , Feminino , Masculino , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , China , Adulto Jovem , Universidades , Depressão/psicologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Pandemias , Crescimento Psicológico Pós-Traumático , Adulto
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