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1.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 10, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597111

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal disorders among workers in the electronics manufacturing industry and to investigate the relations between work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) and work-related variables. METHODS: An interview-based questionnaire survey was carried out in thirty electronics manufacturing factories in China in 2018. The prevalence of WMSDs was estimated using the modified Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ). A multivariate logistic regression model was applied to evaluate the effects of risk factors on WMSDs on multiple body parts. RESULTS: The 12-month prevalence of WMSDs among participants was 40.6%, and the common body sites affected were the neck (26.8%), shoulder (22.8%), upper back (14.9%), and lower back (14.8%). The results of logistic regression showed that female adults, > 5 job tenure and work-related factors (including awkward posture, lifting or carrying weights, excessive repetition, prolonged sitting, monotonous work and working under conditions of cold or temperature variations) led to a higher risk of WMSDs on most body parts. Upper back, wrist/hand and elbow pain levels were significantly higher for workers with vibration. However, more frequently, physical exercise was a protective factor against WMSDs on most body parts except the upper back, leg and knee. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates a high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among the electronics manufacturing industry in China. Different personal and work factors are related to the occurrence of WMSD on different body parts. Preventive measures should be implemented based on the characteristics of WMSD in the electronic manufacturing industry. Furthermore, the training and intervention guidance of ergonomic hazards in the workplace need to be strengthened by understanding the impact of bad posture, avoiding long-term sitting posture and increasing physical activities.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Dor Musculoesquelética , Doenças Profissionais , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Ergonomia , China/epidemiologia , Eletrônica
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36613163

RESUMO

Healthcare professionals perform daily activities that can lead to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). The objective of this review was to summarize these MSDs by body areas in relation to healthcare professions. The underlying question is, worldwide, whether there are areas that are more exposed depending on the occupation or whether there are common areas that are highly exposed to MSDs. This issue has been extended to risk factors and responses to reduce MSDs. The review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines between February and May 2022. Google scholar and Science Direct databases were scanned to identify relevant studies. Two authors independently reviewed, critically appraised, and extracted data from these studies. Overall and body area prevalence, risk factors, and responses to MSDs were synthetized by occupational activity. Among the 21,766 records identified, 36 covering six healthcare professions were included. The lower back, neck, shoulder and hand/wrist were the most exposed areas for all healthcare professionals. Surgeons and dentists presented the highest prevalence of lower back (>60%), shoulder and upper extremity (35-55%) MSDs. The highest prevalence of MSDs in the lower limbs was found for nurses (>25%). The main causes reported for all healthcare professionals were maintenance and repetition of awkward postures, and the main responses were to modify these postures. Trends by continent seem to emerge regarding the prevalence of MSDs by healthcare profession. Africa and Europe showed prevalence three times higher than Asia and America for lower back MSDs among physiotherapists. African and Asian nurses presented rates three times higher for elbow MSDs than Oceanians. It becomes necessary to objectively evaluate postures and their level of risk using ergonomic tools, as well as to adapt the work environment to reduce exposure to MSDs with regard to the specificities of each profession.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Humanos , Prevalência , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Ergonomia , Fatores de Risco , Atenção à Saúde , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674223

RESUMO

(1) Background: Children spend a lot of time within schools. The school setting generally has many ergonomic hazards and reinforced behavior patterns which put children at greater risk of environmental hazards than adults during their critical developmental stages. (2) Objective: The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and detect spinal deformities amongst general and technical secondary school students. (3) Methods: A total of 418 students from the second grade of secondary school in Shaquira governorate, Egypt participated in this cross-sectional study. Each student in the study was screened via Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) and had their upper limb posture measured via RULA (Rapid Upper Limb assessment), and the deviation in their thoracic curve was measured using a scoliometer. (4) Results: There was a prevalence of MSDs amongst students as there were 69.7% of general school students and 83.8% of the technical school students suffering from MSDs with a statistically significant difference between both technical and general school students in RULA score and musculoskeletal complaints, whereas there were non-statistical differences in the scoliometer scale in both general and technical education students. (5) Conclusions: Musculoskeletal problems are prevalent among Egyptian secondary school students, with higher prevalence between technical school students. Therefore, preventive measures and strategies are recommended to overcome the future complications of these musculoskeletal disorders.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Egito/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Ergonomia , Estudantes , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674262

RESUMO

A new ergonomic-risk-assessment tool was developed that combines musculoskeletal-model-based loading estimates with insights from fatigue failure theory to evaluate full-body musculoskeletal loading during dynamic tasks. Musculoskeletal-modeling output parameters, i.e., joint contact forces and muscle forces, were combined with tissue-specific injury thresholds that account for loading frequency to determine the injury risk for muscles, lower back, and hip cartilage. The potential of this new risk-assessment tool is demonstrated for defining ergonomic interventions in terms of lifting characteristics, back and shoulder exoskeleton assistance, box transferring, stoop lifting, and an overhead wiring task, respectively. The MATE identifies the risk of WMSDs in different anatomical regions during occupational tasks and allows for the evaluation of the impact of interventions that modify specific lifting characteristics, i.e., load weight versus task repetition. Furthermore, and in clear contrast to currently available ergonomic assessment scores, the effects of the exoskeleton assistance level on the risk of WMSDs of full-body musculoskeletal loading (in particular, the muscles, lower back, and hips) can be evaluated and shows small reductions in musculoskeletal loading but not in injury risk. Therefore, the MATE is a risk-assessment tool based on a full-body, musculoskeletal-modeling approach combined with insights from the fatigue failure theory that shows the proof of concept of a shoulder and back exoskeleton. Furthermore, it accounts for subject-specific characteristics (age and BMI), further enhancing individualized ergonomic-risk assessment.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Ergonomia/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Dorso , Ombro
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674343

RESUMO

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are some of the most prevalent diseases in the world. They have a multifactorial aetiology encompassing ergonomic and psychosocial risk factors. The aim of this study is to analyse the way job insecurity and physical workload are linked to musculoskeletal disorders, as well as the mediating role other psychosocial work risks can have on this potential relationship. A parallel mediation path regression analysis was designed using a sample of 457 nursing aides. The influence job insecurity and physical workload has on the onset of musculoskeletal symptoms together with the variables which mediate this relationship were examined. The results prove that both independent variables explain the onset of musculoskeletal symptoms in these professionals. The influence exerted by job insecurity is mediated by the social support received at work and the demands of the job. However, when analysing the physical workload, the social support received at work is not relevant as a mediator in this relationship. Job insecurity and physical workload are significant variables on the occurrence of musculoskeletal symptoms. The data obtained supports the need to focus on physical and psychosocial factors in order to prevent these disorders.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Humanos , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Ergonomia , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Emprego
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674377

RESUMO

Musculoskeletal disorders have a significant negative impact on the quality of life of the population. These conditions, as well as other work-related disorders, generate costs associated with treatment and work absence, which makes it a growing problem in industrialized countries. Available data from studies on individual populations of workers indicate a higher incidence of certain symptoms in these groups. Due to the lack of studies on the general population, we aimed to perform the preliminary study evaluating the occurrence of pain and work-related conditions depending on the type of occupational work among Polish employees to identify further possible areas for research. Data was collected using an electronic self-administered questionnaire, which was distributed in groups bringing together various professionals. The data obtained from 379 participants have been analyzed and divided according to performed work into sedentary, forced posture, standing, physical and requiring physical activity. Our study reveals a correlation between the frequency of work-related disorders and type of work performed in the Polish population. A significant correlation between the type of occupational work and prevalence of ankle, knee and shoulder pain, as well as heavy legs or upper limb paresthesia was found. According to our findings, female employees may be more vulnerable to lower limb symptoms. A place of residence also seems to affect the prevalence of upper back pain and heavy legs. The analysis also showed a correlation between the occurrence of hip, knee and ankle pain and the level of education of the participants. Surprisingly, lower extremity paresthesia was significantly more common among participants undertaking additional physical activity, compared to non-physically active respondents.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Humanos , Feminino , Parestesia , Polônia/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/complicações , Dor de Ombro , Ergonomia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
7.
Appl Ergon ; 106: 103900, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122551

RESUMO

Personas are widely recognized as valuable design tools for communicating dimensions of individuals, yet they often lack critical contextual factors. For those people managing chronic health conditions, the home is a critical context of their patient work system (PWS). We propose the development of 'home personas' to convey essential aspects of the home context to those tasked with designing technologies and interventions to fit it. We used an iterative, multi-stakeholder design process to design 'home personas' for a model population, families caring for children with medical complexity. Each of the four resultant home personas-Multi-level, Customized, Ranch, and Rental-has a unique home layout, pain points, and are described on three dimensions that emerged from the data. This study builds on a foundation of work in the emerging field of Patient Ergonomics, describing a mechanism for distilling rich descriptions of the PWS into brief yet informative design tools.


Assuntos
Ergonomia , Criança , Humanos , Ergonomia/métodos
8.
Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(4): 1220-1229, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597795

RESUMO

With the high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in surgeons and interventionalists, it is critical to analyze the impact of ergonomics on cardiothoracic surgeon health. Here, we review the existing literature and propose recommendations to improve physical preparedness for surgery both in and outside the operating room. For decades, cardiothoracic surgeons have suffered from musculoskeletal pain, most commonly in the neck, and back due to a lack of proper ergonomics during surgery. A lack of dedicated ergonomics curriculum during training may leave surgeons at a high predisposition for work-related musculoskeletal disorders. We searched PubMed, Google Scholar, and other sources for studies relevant to surgical ergonomics and prevalence of musculoskeletal disease among surgeons and interventionalists. Whenever possible, data from quantitative studies, and meta-analyses are presented. We also contacted experts and propose an exercise routine to improve physical preparedness for demands of surgery. To date, many studies have reported astonishingly high rates of work-related pain in surgeons with rates as high as 87% in minimally-invasive surgeons. Several optimizations regarding correct table height, monitor positioning, and loupe angles have been discussed. Lastly, implementation of ergonomics training at some programs have been effective at reducing the rates of musculoskeletal pain among surgeons. Surgical work-related stress injuries are more common than we think. Many factors including smaller incisions and technological advancements have led to this plight. Ultimately, work-related injuries are underreported and understudied and the field of surgical ergonomics remains open for investigative study.


Assuntos
Dor Musculoesquelética , Doenças Profissionais , Treinamento de Força , Cirurgiões , Humanos , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ergonomia
9.
Appl Ergon ; 98: 103597, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598078

RESUMO

Head Mounted Display (HMD) based Augmented Reality (AR) is being increasingly used in manufacturing and maintenance. However, limited research has been done to understand user interaction with AR interfaces, which may lead to poor usability, risk of occupational hazards, and low acceptance of AR systems. This paper uses a theoretically-driven approach to interaction design to investigate the impact of different AR modalities in terms of information mode (i.e. video vs. 3D animation) and interaction modality (i.e. hand-gesture vs. voice command) on user performance, workload, eye gaze behaviours, and usability during a maintenance assembly task. The results show that different information modes have distinct impacts compared to paper-based maintenance, in particular, 3D animation led to a 14% improvement over the video instructions in task completion time. Moreover, insights from eye gaze behaviours such as number of fixations and transition between Areas of Interest (AOIs) revealed the differences in attention switching and task comprehension difficulty with the choice of AR modalities. While, subjective user perceptions highlight some ergonomic issues such as misguidance and overreliance, which must be considered and addressed from the joint cognitive systems' (JCSs) perspective and in line with the predictions derived from the Multiple Resources Model.


Assuntos
Realidade Aumentada , Óculos Inteligentes , Cognição , Ergonomia , Fixação Ocular , Humanos
10.
Arkh Patol ; 84(6): 32-39, 2022.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36469715

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than 80% of pathologists suffer from various manifestations of disorders of the musculoskeletal system. The daily duties of pathologists include several hours of work at a microscope and a computer. Microscopes are often not optimized for ergonomics and do not allow the doctor to take the correct sitting position, most often working with a microscope requires leaning forward. OBJECTIVE: To study the ergonomic properties of the workplace of a pathologist and develop specific practical recommendations for long-term work at a microscope. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included microscopes with an adjustable and non-adjustable angle of inclination of the tube and height-adjustable chairs. We identify following ergonomic parameters: pathologist height; angle of inclination of the back of the chair; angle of inclination of the microscope tube; angle of inclination of the neck; chair height. The study included 21 participants. Statistical processing and analysis were made using single-factor and multifactorial correlation analysis. RESULTS: A strong positive linear correlation was identified (r=0.80; p<0.05) between the height of test person and angle of inclination of the microscope tube. A strong positive linear correlation was established (r=0.91; p<0.05) between the test person height and the angle of inclination of the neck for microscopes with non-adjustable 31°-angle of inclination of the tube. For microscopes with non-adjustable 45°-angle of inclination of the tube a strong polynomial correlation of the second degree (r=0.85; p<0.05) was found. A moderate negative linear correlation was found between the height of the pathologist and his tilt angle neck with both adjustable and non-adjustable tube angle of the microscope. CONCLUSION: In this study for the first-time exact correlation dependencies between key ergonomic parameters of pathologist's workplace were evaluated. This study showed that only microscopes with an adjustable angle of inclination of the tube allow to achieve an optimal body position.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Sistema Musculoesquelético , Doenças Profissionais , Humanos , Local de Trabalho , Patologistas , Ergonomia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(24)2022 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36560355

RESUMO

Exoskeletons and exosuits (collectively termed EXOs) have the potential to reduce the risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) by protecting workers from exertion and muscle fatigue due to physically demanding, repetitive, and prolonged work in construction workplaces. However, the use of EXOs in construction is in its infancy, and much of the knowledge required to drive the acceptance, adoption, and application of this technology is still lacking. The objective of this research is to identify the facilitators, barriers, and corresponding solutions to foster the adoption of EXOs in construction workplaces through a sequential, multistage Delphi approach. Eighteen experts from academia, industry, and government gathered in a workshop to provide insights and exchange opinions regarding facilitators, barriers, and potential solutions from a holistic perspective with respect to business, technology, organization, policy/regulation, ergonomics/safety, and end users (construction-trade professionals). Consensus was reached regarding all these perspectives, including top barriers and potential solution strategies. The outcomes of this study will help the community gain a comprehensive understanding of the potential for EXO use in the construction industry, which may enable the development of a viable roadmap for the evolution of EXO technology and the future of EXO-enabled workers and work in construction workplaces.


Assuntos
Indústria da Construção , Exoesqueleto Energizado , Doenças Profissionais , Humanos , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Ergonomia/métodos , Local de Trabalho
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36554868

RESUMO

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are among leading factors for early retirement of dental practitioners while the application of ergonomic principles is often overlooked during dental education. The article aims to assess the need for dental ergonomics modules as an integrated part of the dental school curriculum and to quantify the significance and role of ergonomics in reducing musculoskeletal stress generated while undergoing dental training. The study design consisted of a three-part original close-ended multiple-choice questionnaire carried out among 75 sixth year students from "Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania. Questions focused on the basic knowledge of theoretical ergonomics, the ISO 11226 standard and means of improvement in undergraduate ergonomics training. Most students had an average level of knowledge regarding dental ergonomic principles. Data analysis showed that 62.16% agree that the information received in the second-year dental ergonomics course was helpful in regard to time organization. A high percentage (86%) also understood the correct positioning of the patient while performing dental procedures. Although implementation of ergonomic principles in the early dental training years has a high influence in the prevention of MSDs, students do not fully understand the impact this subject has on their future careers.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Humanos , Romênia , Estudantes de Odontologia , Odontólogos , Postura , Papel Profissional , Ergonomia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/prevenção & controle , Percepção , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
13.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(3): 24-32, set.-dez. 2022. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1381063

RESUMO

O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar quais EPIs foram utilizados pelos cirurgiões-dentistas e a relação destes EPIs com a presença de dores osteomusculares em virtude do novo estilo de vida profissional ocasionado pelo SARS-CoV-2. Foram aplicados dois questionários com a temática por intermédio da plataforma Google Forms®. Os participantes da pesquisa (n= 110) tiveram acesso aos questionários via e-mail e através das redes sociais. A análise de dados foi realizada por meio de teste qui-quadrado com nível de confiança de 95%. Os resultados obtidos demonstraram predomínio de indivíduos do sexo masculino, com idade entre 21 a 29 anos, solteiros, entre 1 a 10 anos de formado, possuindo renda mensal de 1 a 5 salários-mínimos, especialistas, atuando em consultório particular, com atualizações para atendimento durante o período de pandemia. Observou-se relação estatisticamente significativa (p<0,05) na utilização de gorro durante os atendimentos odontológicos para os profissionais que realizaram atualizações para atendimento durante o período de pandemia da COVID-19. Em relação aos demais EPIs não houve relação estatisticamente significativa (p>0,05). No que diz respeito às dores osteomusculares, observou-se relação estatisticamente significativa (p<0,05) apenas entre a utilização de avental descartável e o relato de dores na região do pescoço, ombro e costas. Ademais, não foi possível observar relação estatisticamente significativa (p>0,05) entre EPIs e dores osteomusculares. Pôde-se concluir que uma grande parcela dos cirurgiões-dentistas adotou medidas de proteção contra o novo Coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2), utilizando os EPIs recomendados para executar atendimento durante o período pandêmico. Com relação às dores osteomusculares, os participantes relataram dor com ou sem a utilização de EPIs, porém ao utilizarem avental descartável, houve predominância de sintomatologia na região do pescoço, ombros e coluna(AU)


The aim of this study was to identify which PPE was used by Dental Surgeons and the relationship of this PPE with the presence of musculoskeletal pain due to the new professional lifestyle caused by SARS-CoV-2. Two questionnaires with the theme were applied through the Google Forms® platform. Research participants (n = 110) had access to the questionnaires via e-mail and through social networks. Data analysis was performed using a chi-square test with a 95% confidence level. The results showed a predominance of male individuals, aged between 21 and 29 years old, single, between 1 and 10 years since graduation, having a monthly income of 1 to 5 minimum wages, specialists, working in private practice, with updates for care during the pandemic period. There was a statistically significant relationship (p<0.05) in the use of a cap during dental care for professionals who updated for care during the COVID-19 pandemic period. About the other PPE there was no statistically significant relationship (p>0.05). Regarding musculoskeletal pain, there was a statistically significant relationship (p<0.05) only between the use of a disposable apron and the report of pain in the neck, shoulder, and back. Furthermore, it was not possible to observe a statistically significant relationship (p>0.05) between PPE and musculoskeletal pain. It was concluded that a large portion of dentists adopted protective measures against the new Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), using the recommended PPE to perform care during the pandemic period. Regarding musculoskeletal pain, participants reported pain with or without the use of PPE, however, when using a disposable apron, there was a predominance of symptoms in the neck, shoulders, and back(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Odontólogos , Dor Musculoesquelética , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , COVID-19 , Ombro , Riscos Ocupacionais , Saúde do Trabalhador , SARS-CoV-2 , Ergonomia
14.
Rev. enferm. vanguard. (En línea) ; 10(2): 32-37, jul.-dic. 2022. gráf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1411011

RESUMO

El estudio tuvo como Objetivo: Determinar las condiciones laborales y riesgos ergonómicos del profesional de enfermería del Hospital Augusto Hernández Mendoza. Material y Métodos: El tipo de estudio fue aplicado, diseño no experimental, correlacional, de corte transversal, muestra de 101 profesionales de enfermería, técnica fue la encuesta, instrumento un cuestionario auto aplicado, validado, el cual fue sometido a prueba de confiabilidad mediante el Coeficiente Alfa de Cronbach, obteniendo una confiabilidad alta (α = 0.80). Resultados: La edad de los profesionales de enfermería en mayor valor porcentual estuvo entre 52 y 60 años un 36%, sexo femenino un 92%, siendo el tiempo de servicio de 6 a 10 años un 34%; la condición laboral fue de contratado con 59%,las condiciones laborales fueron desfavorables un 56%, en cuanto a los riesgos ergonómicos están presentes con 63% Conclusiones: Aplicando la prueba de chi cuadrado dio como resultado que existe relación significativa entre las condiciones laborables y riesgos ergonómicos del profesional de enfermería. (AU)


The Objective of the study was to determine the working conditions and ergonomic risks of the nursing professional of the Augusto Hernández Mendoza Ica Hospital in December 2015.Material and Methods:The type of study was applied, non-experimental, correlational, cross-sectional design, sample of 101 nursing professionals, technique was the survey, instrument a self-applied questionnaire, validated, which was subjected to reliability test using the Cronbach's Alpha Coefficient, obtaining a high reliability (α = 0.80). Results:The age of nursing professionals in the highest percentage value was between 52 and 60 years in 36%, female sex 92%, being the time of service from 6 to 10 years 34%; the labor condition was hired with 59%, the working conditions were unfavorable 56%, in terms of ergonomic risks are present with 63%.Conclusions: Applying the chi-square test resulted in a significant relationship between working conditions and ergonomic risks of the nursing professional. (AU)


Assuntos
Condições de Trabalho , Enfermagem , Ergonomia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36498194

RESUMO

Ergonomic risk assessment is critical for identifying working posture hazardous to the health of construction workers. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are predominant non-fatal injuries in the construction industry owing to manual handling activities and poor working conditions. However, there is a lack of scientific synopsis aiming to better understand the emerging research focus in this field. To fill the research gap, this study performed a scientometric evaluation of the bibliometric data on ergonomic risk assessment from the Web of Science database using VOSviewer software. The purpose of this study is to analyze the co-occurrence network of keywords, co-authorship network, most active countries, and the sources of publication. The results indicate that research related to risk assessment in construction has fluctuating growth, peaking in 2020 with significant advancements in the USA, China, and Canada. WMSDs, risk factors, construction workers, and ergonomics are hot research topics in this field. Furthermore, the research gaps of previous studies and suggestions for future research have been provided to bridge the knowledge gap. We believe that this scientometric review provides useful reference points for early-stage researchers as well as beneficial in-depth information to experienced practitioners and scholars in the construction industry.


Assuntos
Indústria da Construção , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Humanos , Ergonomia/métodos , Indústria da Construção/métodos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Medição de Risco , Postura
16.
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(8): e820-e822, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36409857

RESUMO

Nasotracheal intubation is the preferred route for general anesthesia maintenance in patients undergoing maxillofacial surgery or dental procedures. However, compression of the tracheal tube may cause superficial necrosis of the nasal wing and deformation of the external nose. Thus, proper fixation of the tracheal tube during nasotracheal intubation is important for the patient's safety as well as that of the medical staff. Recently, a nasotracheal tube support device has been developed; thus, in this study, the aim was to present and describe the Sverzut nasotracheal tube support device and discuss the advantages of its use during nasal intubation in cervicomaxillofacial surgery. Findings from this study show that the Sverzut nasotracheal tube support device can contribute to the stabilization of the nasotracheal tube and all its connectors, aiding in the maintenance of the airway patency and minimizing the complications related to this type of intubation.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral , Intubação Intratraqueal , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Nariz , Respiração Artificial , Ergonomia
17.
Investig Clin Urol ; 63(6): 647-655, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347554

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the usefulness and ergonomics of a newly developed robotic system for flexible ureteroscopy (easyUretero). MATERIALS AND METHODS: During in vitro testing, six participants performed renal stone removal four times in an artificial kidney-ureter-bladder model. Each participant manipulated a single-use digital flexible ureteroscope (LithoVue) with their hands and the robotic system, sequentially. We compared the task completion times of each participant. The ergonomics of and operational satisfaction with each procedure were assessed by questionnaires. In vivo tests evaluated the operability and safety of the robotic system in two live female pigs. We checked that all the steps of flexible lithotomy for renal stones could be completed individually. RESULTS: The task completion time with the robotic system during in vitro testing was significantly longer than with manual ureteroscopy regardless of the operator's competence level (expert professors: 282.6±92.4 seconds vs. 73.6±43.3 seconds, p<0.001; fellows: 247.5±57.7 seconds vs. 95.8±43.7 seconds, p<0.001; residents: 281.3±111.0 seconds vs. 188.6±138.6 seconds, p<0.001). The residents took more time to remove the upper and mid caliceal stones with the robotic system. The ergonomic evaluation was better for the robotic system, but operational satisfaction was lower, and there was no statistical difference among the groups. In vivo tests showed that all the steps of robotic flexible ureteroscopy could be completed without difficulty. No safety issues were encountered during the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: The robotic system (easyUretero) was ergonomic and safe for flexible ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy for renal stones.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais , Litotripsia a Laser , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Feminino , Suínos , Animais , Ureteroscópios , Litotripsia a Laser/métodos , Ureteroscopia/métodos , Cálculos Renais/terapia , Ergonomia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1012985, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408027

RESUMO

Various subdisciplines of ergonomics science have emerged during the past decades as our insight has been broadened of human and performance. The three main branches of ergonomics have evolved over time focusing on the physical, cognitive, and organizational aspects. But the question is, can these disciplines focus and research enough on the ergonomic aspects of cyberspace and Industry 4.0 technologies? Cyber-technologies of the Fourth Industrial revolution are dramatically imposing themselves on our life and work. This has been led to emerging cyber-aspects for human work and life. Hence, many sciences, mainly applied ones, have upgraded to their cyber versions to deal with the emergent issues, usually with a new name, including the cyber prefix. Cyber-medicine, cyber-health, cyber-commerce, and cyberpsychology are some examples. Also, ergonomics requires a similar look. Ergonomic benefits and threats of Industry 4.0 technologies must be considered in an integrated manner. This paper addresses this issue. First, the emergence and development of ergonomics and its subdisciplines chronologically is reviewed. Then, Cybergonomics as a new name and concept is proposed and defined as the ergonomics of Industry 4.0 era. Justification for this portmanteau is described, and an outline of the new realm is explained. Finally, a research road map is proposed for this new subdiscipline of ergonomics.


Assuntos
Ergonomia , Indústrias , Humanos
19.
BMC Res Notes ; 15(1): 349, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401320

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is a research gap regarding the way managers and employee representatives respond to Labour Authority interventions targeting work-related psychosocial and ergonomic risk factors. The present study aimed to determine if (I) labour inspections and (II) guidance-through-workshops led by inspectors were perceived by the target audience as equally useful and educational; and to determine if utility and enhanced knowledge were associated with the implementation of measures to prevent work-related risk factors. Finally, it aimed to determine if the managers in the intervention groups to a greater extent than the controls reported implementing such measures. RESULTS: Managers and employee representatives in both intervention groups reported a high level of perceived utility as well as a high level of enhanced knowledge. Both utility (p < 0.05) and enhanced knowledge (p < 0.05) were significantly associated with the implementation of, or plans to soon implement, measures to improve working conditions. When compared to controls, implemented measures, or plans to implement measures, were reported significantly more frequently by managers in the inspection group (p < 0.05). Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT03855163 Registered on February 26, 2019.


Assuntos
Ergonomia , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Noruega , Fatores de Risco
20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(21)2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36365939

RESUMO

The objective of the present work is for assessing ergonomics-based IoT (Internet of Things) related healthcare issues with the use of a popular multi-criteria decision-making technique named the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) is a technique that combines alternative performance across numerous contradicting, qualitative, and/or quantitative criteria, resulting in a solution requiring a consensus. The AHP is a flexible strategy for organizing and simplifying complex MCDM concerns by disassembling a compound decision problem into an ordered array of relational decision components (evaluation criteria, sub-criteria, and substitutions). A total of twelve IoT-related ergonomics-based healthcare issues have been recognized as Lumbago (lower backache), Cervicalgia (neck ache), shoulder pain; digital eye strain, hearing impairment, carpal tunnel syndrome; distress, exhaustion, depression; obesity, high blood pressure, hyperglycemia. "Distress" has proven itself the most critical IoT-related ergonomics-based healthcare issue, followed by obesity, depression, and exhaustion. These IoT-related ergonomics-based healthcare issues in four categories (excruciating issues, eye-ear-nerve issues, psychosocial issues, and persistent issues) have been compared and ranked. Based on calculated mathematical values, "psychosocial issues" have been ranked in the first position followed by "persistent issues" and "eye-ear-nerve issues". In several industrial systems, the results may be of vital importance for increasing the efficiency of human force, particularly a human-computer interface for prolonged hours.


Assuntos
Processo de Hierarquia Analítica , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Ergonomia , Atenção à Saúde , Obesidade
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