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1.
J Vis Commun Med ; 44(4): 193-197, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620040

RESUMO

Since the Covid-19 pandemic 2020 we have experienced so much of our lives through our computer and phone screens - including the 1,787,366 people have shared the image of the Mona Lisa on social media. I consider how we can design artworks to communicate digitally utilising a range of senses testing the notion that if you enable visitors to galleries and museums to touch sculptures it should enable greater understanding about complex ideas. The focus of my artworks was the history of the transmission of disease. I original designed ceramic sculptures that incorporated touch sensitive electronic sound components. Touching objects and visiting galleries became off limits during the pandemic so the touch hypothesis could not be tested, and instead QR codes were used to allow the digital viewer to extend their experience beyond the visual. The project started as an art in science experiment in incorporating sound, sight and touch into sculpture, but finally became my personal memorial to 2020 pandemic and a tribute to the many we have lost to Covid-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Cerâmica , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Escultura
2.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9192

RESUMO

Em Paris, no Museu Rodin, 1982.


Assuntos
Fotografia , Pessoas Famosas , Paris , Escultura
4.
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet ; 187(2): 144-147, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982855

RESUMO

The experience of art provides the visitor of a museum or gallery with the opportunity to contemplate and share the human condition both from the physical and psychological point of view. Because of the accessibility and the number of museums throughout Europe, classical European art as both sculpture and painting, affords the viewer the opportunity to experience life from one part of the world over centuries of history. These museums occasionally exhibit pieces showing a person with a human disorder and physical differences. On viewing such artwork, practitioners of health care, especially dysmorphologists, usually find themselves observing such pieces within the context of their practice. In this essay, the coauthors reflect on paintings and sculptures which remind us of our patients with similar physical and medical conditions. Various works of art also provide the opportunity to observe and view the human face from many vantage points and times in history. Several paintings are cited to illustrate the central themes of the Commentary: the human circumstance of disease and differences and the skill of observing and describing the human face.


Assuntos
Pinturas , Escultura , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Museus
5.
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet ; 187(2): 192-198, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982873

RESUMO

Dwarfism has been depicted in various Chinese art forms including literature, sculpture, and painting. This article examines several representative Chinese works of art from different ages of Chinese history, in order to glimpse the living situations of people with dwarfism, their professions and social status, as well as the social attitude toward them in China. We highlight "" (Shan Hai Jing, translated as the Classic of Mountains and Seas), a remarkable collection of myths and illustrations which documented the existence of dwarf communities where the residents were capable of producing high-quality grains. Representations from sculptures and paintings frequently captured the images of individuals with dwarfism in royal courts, which showed their remarkable performance skills and social ability. There are also works of art associating dwarfism with rituals. In addition to portraying ordinary individuals with humble social status, there was one particular individual with dwarfism named Yan Zi () who was highly regarded as a figure of wisdom. Throughout the long Chinese history, dwarfism had been portrayed in art as either positive, neutral or derogatory, which reflected the fact that people with dwarfism, while short in stature, are usually intellectually normal, generally skillful, and often talented, in short, like the general population.


Assuntos
Nanismo , Medicina nas Artes , Pinturas , China , Humanos , Escultura
9.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0242549, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33232351

RESUMO

The ancient pigment Egyptian blue has long been studied for its historical significance; however, recent work has shown that its unique visible induced luminescent property can be used both to identify the pigment and to inspire new materials with this characteristic. In this study, a multi-modal characterization approach is used to explore variations in ancient production of Egyptian blue from shabti statuettes found in the village of Deir el-Medina in Egypt (Luxor, West Bank) dating back to the New Kingdom (18th-20th Dynasties; about 1550-1077 BCE). Using quantitative SEM-EDS analysis, we identify two possible production groups of the Egyptian blue and demonstrate the presence of multiple phases within samples using cluster analysis and ternary diagram representations. Using both macro-scale non-invasive (X-rays fluorescence and multi-spectral imaging) and micro-sampling (SEM-EDS and Raman confocal microspectroscopy) techniques, we correlate photoluminescence and chemical composition of the ancient samples. We introduce Raman spectroscopic imaging as a means to capture simultaneously visible-induced luminesce and crystal structure and utilize it to identify two classes of luminescing and non-luminescing silicate phases in the pigment that may be connected to production technologies. The results presented here provide a new framework through which Egyptian blue can be studied and inform the design of new materials based on its luminescent property.


Assuntos
Corantes/química , Cobre/química , Silicatos/química , Análise por Conglomerados , Corantes/síntese química , Corantes/história , Cobre/história , Cristalização , Antigo Egito , História Antiga , Luminescência , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cidade de Roma , Escultura/história , Silicatos/síntese química , Silicatos/história , Espectrometria por Raios X , Análise Espectral Raman
10.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 43(11): 1673-1674, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909177

RESUMO

In 1911, the Danish physician Hans Christian Gram (1853-1938) sustained to have found signs of hyperthyroidism in a marble head of a Roman woman that he observed in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek in Copenhagen. It could be one of the first examples of a clinical diagnosis of an endocrine disease in an ancient statue.


Assuntos
Endocrinologia/história , Hipertireoidismo/diagnóstico , Medicina nas Artes/história , Escultura/história , Dinamarca , Endocrinologistas/história , Feminino , Cabeça/patologia , História do Século XIX , História Antiga , Humanos , Hipertireoidismo/história , Mundo Romano/história , Cidade de Roma
11.
Eur. j. anat ; 24(supl.1): 39-49, ago. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-195287

RESUMO

Human faces are not usually objects of disgust. However, this can be diffuse if there are some kind of malformations or if they are masks of dead people. Corpses disgust us not only by reminding us of our mortal condition, but also by their association with immoral acts. This article proposes to analyze the relationship between the bodies and faces of corpses and their reaction with physical and moral disgust


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XIX , Morte , Asco , Anatomia Artística , Escultura/história , Biografias como Assunto , Pessoas Famosas
12.
IEEE Comput Graph Appl ; 40(4): 84-95, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540790

RESUMO

Visualizations produced by collaborations between artists, scientists, and visualization experts lay claim to being not only more effective in delivering information but also more effective in their abilities to elicit qualities like human connection. However, as prior work in the visualization community has demonstrated, it is difficult to evaluate these claims because characteristics associated with human connection are not easily measured quantitatively. In this Visualization Viewpoints piece, we address this problem in the context of our work to develop methods of evaluating visualizations created by Sculpting Visualization, a multidisciplinary project that incorporates art and design theory and practice into the process of scientific visualization. We present the design and results of a study in which we used close reading, a formal methodology used by humanities scholars, as a way to test reactions and analyses from evaluation participants related to an image created using Sculpting Visualization. In addition to specific suggestions about how to improve future iterations of the visualization, we discuss key findings of the evaluation related to contextual information, visual perspective, and associations that individual viewers brought to bear on their experience with the visualization.


Assuntos
Gráficos por Computador , Visualização de Dados , Escultura , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ciências da Terra , Golfo do México , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Neuroimagem
13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(21): 11735-11743, 2020 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414926

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) shape perception is one of the most important functions of vision. It is crucial for many tasks, from object recognition to tool use, and yet how the brain represents shape remains poorly understood. Most theories focus on purely geometrical computations (e.g., estimating depths, curvatures, symmetries). Here, however, we find that shape perception also involves sophisticated inferences that parse shapes into features with distinct causal origins. Inspired by marble sculptures such as Strazza's The Veiled Virgin (1850), which vividly depict figures swathed in cloth, we created composite shapes by wrapping unfamiliar forms in textile, so that the observable surface relief was the result of complex interactions between the underlying object and overlying fabric. Making sense of such structures requires segmenting the shape based on their causes, to distinguish whether lumps and ridges are due to the shrouded object or to the ripples and folds of the overlying cloth. Three-dimensional scans of the objects with and without the textile provided ground-truth measures of the true physical surface reliefs, against which observers' judgments could be compared. In a virtual painting task, participants indicated which surface ridges appeared to be caused by the hidden object and which were due to the drapery. In another experiment, participants indicated the perceived depth profile of both surface layers. Their responses reveal that they can robustly distinguish features belonging to the textile from those due to the underlying object. Together, these findings reveal the operation of visual shape-segmentation processes that parse shapes based on their causal origin.


Assuntos
Percepção de Forma/fisiologia , Escultura , Percepção Visual/fisiologia , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Propriedades de Superfície , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Têxteis
14.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(12): 13081-13094, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016874

RESUMO

The cleaning of metallic artworks is a crucial step for their preservation. Cleaning operations generally aim at removing deposits and corrosion layers, and all the non-stable and potentially reactive phases formed as a consequence of the interaction of the metal with the environment. Thus, all secondary-formed compounds and layers that can undermine the overall preservation of the artwork, both from the esthetic and the corrosion point of view, should be removed. On the other hand, superficial stable patinas contributing to the artistic and historic value of the objects and that may provide protection to the metallic surface should be preserved. The optimal cleaning procedure should be able to promote a long-term improvement of the corrosion resistance of the surfaces. Therefore, the long-term monitoring of the corrosion behavior of the cleaned surfaces with electrochemical techniques could provide valuable information for the selection of the optimal methodology. In this work, five cleaning procedures have been applied to five bronze sculptures. The cleaned surfaces have been characterized following a multi-analytical and non-invasive approach, and the long-term evolution of their corrosion behavior has been monitored by means of on-site non-invasive linear polarization resistance (LPR) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements for more than 2 years.


Assuntos
Artefatos , Metais , Corrosão , Espectroscopia Dielétrica , Escultura
15.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 43(6): 873-874, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907822

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There are many of the representations in iconography of individuals with goiters reported in the literature. METHODS: The article describe a unique representation of goiter, as observed by the authors in a sculpture in Italy. RESULTS: In a Nativity, in the upper part of the altar of the Church of the Annunciata, Boccioleto (Val Sermenza, Piedmont, Italy), a horn player with a huge goiter, gladdens the Holy Family. Wooden work by Francesco Antonio d'Alberto, 1694. CONCLUSION: This is an appropriate example of the iconography of "real goiter," since in this case the sculptor had the aim of showing person with goiter.


Assuntos
Bócio/história , Medicina nas Artes/história , Música/história , Escultura/história , História do Século XVI , Humanos , Itália
18.
Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto, Online) ; 30: e3021, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1135424

RESUMO

Abstract The relationship between physical stimulus and perception is fundamental to understand aesthetic appreciation. This study aimed to examine how the properties of sculptures influence their artistic appreciation. Thirteen participants touched altered sculptures from the series Bichos de Lygia Clark. Participants indicated their perceptions for each stimulus using Semantic Differential Scales (7-point Likert scale): Complexity, Irregularity, Amount of pieces, Interest and Pleasingness. The duration of manipulation was recorded. The results showed that sculptures perceived as having more pieces were the ones judged to have a high level of Complexity and Irregularity. Sculptures evaluated as demonstrating a high level of Complexity and Irregularity were considered more interesting, although less pleasant. Participants tended to spend more time exploring the more complex sculptures. The results indicate that the amount of informational content, represented by the amount of pieces present in the sculpture, can influence the way it is perceived and affect its hedonic value.


Resumo A relação entre estímulo físico e percepção é fundamental para entender a apreciação estética. Este estudo teve como objetivo examinar como propriedades de esculturas influenciam suas apreciações artísticas. Treze participantes tocaram esculturas alteradas da série Bichos de Lygia Clark. Os participantes indicaram suas percepções para cada estímulo usando Escalas de Diferencial Semântico (tipo Likert - 7 pontos): Complexidade, Irregularidade, Quantidade de peças, Interesse e Agradabilidade. A duração da manipulação foi registrada. Os resultados mostraram que esculturas julgadas como tendo maior quantidade de peças foram julgadas como tendo alto nível de Complexidade e Irregularidade. Esculturas avaliadas como demonstrando um alto nível de Complexidade e Irregularidade foram consideradas mais interessantes, embora menos agradáveis. Os participantes tenderam a gastar mais tempo explorando as esculturas mais complexas. Os resultados indicam que a quantidade de conteúdo informacional, representado pela quantidade de peças presente na escultura, pode influenciar o modo como ela é percebida e afetar seu valor hedônico.


Resumen La relación entre el estímulo físico y la percepción es esencial para comprender la apreciación estética. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo examinar cómo las propiedades de las esculturas influyen en su apreciación artística. Trece participantes tocaron esculturas alteradas de la serie Bichos de Lygia Clark. Los participantes manifestaron sus percepciones para cada estímulo utilizando Escalas de Diferencial Semántico (de tipo Likert - 7 puntos): Complejidad, Irregularidad, Cantidad de piezas, Interés y Satisfacción. Se registró la duración de la manipulación. Los resultados apuntaron que las esculturas consideradas con más cantidad de piezas tenían un alto grado de Complejidad e Irregularidad. Las esculturas evaluadas con un alto grado de Complejidad e Irregularidad se consideraron más interesantes, aunque menos agradables. Los participantes tendían a pasar más tiempo explorando las esculturas más complejas. Los resultados indican que la cantidad de contenido informativo, representado por la cantidad de piezas presentes en la escultura, puede influir en la forma de percibirla y afectar su valor hedónico.


Assuntos
Percepção , Arte , Escultura , Diferencial Semântico , Publicações Seriadas , Pesos e Medidas , Sistema Único de Saúde , Afeto , Estética , Comportamento Exploratório
19.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 41(12): 1525-1527, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346682

RESUMO

This article describes a retrospective diagnosis through an artistic representation of a pre-Columbian Central America bowl figuring a child with clinical characteristics of Crouzon syndrome. The report also highlights the importance of icono-diagnosis for a better description of the existing diseases into ancient societies.


Assuntos
Civilização/história , Disostose Craniofacial/diagnóstico , Corpo Humano , Escultura/história , Antropologia Cultural , Antropologia Médica , Criança , História Antiga , Humanos
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