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1.
Immunol Allergy Clin North Am ; 44(2): 397-406, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575232

RESUMO

Data for pharmacologic treatments for non-eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases (EGIDs) are limited. Nevertheless, because of the increasing understanding of EGID pathogenesis, a number of medications are used to treat EGIDs, though all are currently off-label. Initial therapy generally starts with corticosteroids, and "topical" delivery is preferred over systemic due to long-term side effects. A number of other small molecules could potentially be used, ranging from allergy medications to immunosuppressants. Biologics are also being used and investigated for EGIDs and represent promising targeted therapies. Multiple therapeutic targets have also been identified, many of which overlap with EoE targets.


Assuntos
Enterite , Eosinofilia , Esofagite , Humanos , Eosinofilia/diagnóstico , Eosinofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Esofagite/tratamento farmacológico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores , Enterite/diagnóstico , Enterite/tratamento farmacológico , Enterite/etiologia
2.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(9): 1096-1107, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577183

RESUMO

Achalasia cardia, the most prevalent primary esophageal motility disorder, is predominantly characterized by symptoms of dysphagia and regurgitation. The principal therapeutic approaches for achalasia encompass pneumatic dilatation (PD), Heller's myotomy, and the more recent per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). POEM has been substantiated as a safe and efficacious modality for the management of achalasia. Although POEM demonstrates superior efficacy compared to PD and an efficacy parallel to Heller's myotomy, the incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) following POEM is notably higher than with the aforementioned techniques. While symptomatic reflux post-POEM is relatively infrequent, the significant occurrence of erosive esophagitis and heightened esophageal acid exposure necessitates vigilant monitoring to preclude long-term GERD-related complications. Contemporary advancements in the field have enhanced our comprehension of the risk factors, diagnostic methodologies, preventative strategies, and therapeutic management of GERD subsequent to POEM. This review focuses on the limitations inherent in the 24-h pH study for evaluating post-POEM reflux, potential modifications in the POEM technique to mitigate GERD risk, and the strategies for managing reflux following POEM.


Assuntos
Acalasia Esofágica , Esofagite , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Miotomia , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural , Humanos , Acalasia Esofágica/cirurgia , Acalasia Esofágica/etiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/prevenção & controle , Esofagite/etiologia , Miotomia/efeitos adversos , Miotomia/métodos , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Esfíncter Esofágico Inferior/cirurgia
3.
Rev Esp Patol ; 57(2): 133-136, 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599734

RESUMO

Esophagitis dissecans superficialis (EDS) is a rare disease characterized by sloughing of the superficial esophageal mucosa and, histologically, by the bitonal appearance of the squamous epithelium secondary to necrosis of the most superficial layers. Etiology is uncertain, however, it has been associated with some medications, autoimmune diseases, esophageal stasis and endoscopic procedures. Here, two cases are presented, one of them which appeared in a woman after an episode of dysphagia and another one which occurred to a man with comorbidities and epigastric pain. This entity should be considered due to its self-limiting clinical course, compared to other entities with a more torpid evolution or that require more specific treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Esofagite , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Esofagite/complicações , Esofagite/patologia , Epitélio/patologia
5.
J Gastrointestin Liver Dis ; 33(1): 19-24, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies have reported gender differences in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). These studies have also reported differences based on gender in the rates of complications. In this study, we aim to identify gender disparities in the rates of GERD complications in the United States. METHODS: We queried the 2016-2020 National Inpatient Sample database to identify patients with GERD. Patients with eosinophilic esophagitis or missing demographics were excluded. We compared patient demographics, comorbidities and complications based on gender. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the impact of gender on complications of GERD. RESULTS: 27.2 million patients were included in the analysis. Out of them, 58.4% of the hospitalized patients with GERD were female. Majority of the women were White (75%), aged>65 years (57.5%) and were in the Medicare group (64%). After adjusting for confounders, females were noted to have lower odds of esophagitis (aOR=0.85, 95%CI: 0.84-0.86, p<0.001), esophageal stricture (aOR=0.95, 95%CI: 0.93-0.97, p<0.001), Barrett's esophagus (aOR=0.58, 95%CI: 0.57-0.59, p<0.001) and esophageal cancer (aOR=0.22, 95%CI: 0.21-0.23, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms the findings of previous literature that females, despite comprising the majority of the study population, had a lower incidence of GERD related complications. Further studies identifying the underlying reason for these differences are required.


Assuntos
Esôfago de Barrett , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Esofagite , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Masculino , Medicare , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/diagnóstico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Esôfago de Barrett/diagnóstico , Esôfago de Barrett/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/complicações , Hospitalização
6.
Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi ; 121(3): 221-229, 2024.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462470

RESUMO

With the advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI), cancer treatment options have widened in recent years. However, ICI-specific adverse events (irAEs) have been reported. Lower gastrointestinal lesions, such as colitis and enteritis, account for most gastrointestinal irAEs, and reports of upper gastrointestinal lesions are rare. We report a rare case of gastroesophagitis associated with ICI. The patient was a 64-year-old male. He was diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma stage IIIB (cT2aN3M0), and pembrolizumab (PEM) was started as a first-line treatment. Severe gastroesophagitis with laryngopharyngitis was confirmed 5 months after PEM administration. These improved after withdrawal of PEM and steroid administration. Reports of ICI-associated gastritis remain limited, especially with laryngopharyngitis;therefore, we consider this case as valuable, in which we confirmed the clinical features of ICI-associated gastroesophagitis and its therapeutic effects.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Colite , Esofagite , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico
7.
Neurogastroenterol Motil ; 36(4): e14750, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior studies have demonstrated that obesity may be associated with the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and GERD-related complications. However, such association has never been assessed in a global-wide real-world patient population. METHODS: The TriNetX electronic health records network, which involves 92 healthcare organizations in 12 countries, was utilized for this multicenter global health research network study. The cohort with obesity comprised adult patients with body mass index (BMI) of more than 30 kg/m2. We performed 1:1 propensity score matching to decrease confounders effects. The prevalence of GERD and GERD-related complications including erosive esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus (BE), BE with dysplasia, and esophageal adenocarcinoma were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 2,356,548 patients were included in the obesity and non-obesity groups after propensity score matching. In the group with obesity, patients had a significantly higher prevalence of GERD (30% vs. 24%, OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.34-1.36) compared to the group without obesity. Further analysis showed a higher prevalence of GERD-related complications in the group with obesity with statistical significance: Erosive esophagitis (OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.05-1.08), Barrett's esophagus (1.08, 1.05-1.10), BE with dysplasia (1.11, 1.04-1.18), esophageal cancer (1.32, 1.15-1.51). CONCLUSION: Globally, obesity was associated with a higher prevalence of GERD and GERD-related complications.


Assuntos
Esôfago de Barrett , Esofagite , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Adulto , Humanos , Esôfago de Barrett/epidemiologia , Esôfago de Barrett/patologia , Prevalência , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/patologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Esofagite/epidemiologia
8.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 2: CD015014, 2024 02 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38421211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Choosing an optimal reconstruction method is pivotal for patients with gastric cancer undergoing distal gastrectomy. The uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction, a variant of the conventional Roux-en-Y approach (or variant of the Billroth II reconstruction), employs uncut devices to occlude the afferent loop of the jejunum. This modification is designed to mitigate postgastrectomy syndrome and enhance long-term functional outcomes. However, the comparative benefits and potential harms of this approach compared to other reconstruction techniques remain a topic of debate. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction after distal gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, PubMed, Embase, WanFang Data, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and clinical trial registries for published and unpublished trials up to November 2023. We also manually reviewed references from relevant systematic reviews identified by our search. We did not impose any language restrictions. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs comparing uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction versus other reconstructions after distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. The comparison groups encompassed other reconstructions such as Billroth I, Billroth II (with or without Braun anastomosis), and Roux-en-Y reconstruction. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard Cochrane methodological procedures. The critical outcomes included health-related quality of life at least six months after surgery, major postoperative complications within 30 days after surgery according to the Clavien-Dindo Classification (grades III to V), anastomotic leakage within 30 days, changes in body weight (kg) at least six months after surgery, and incidence of bile reflux, remnant gastritis, and oesophagitis at least six months after surgery. We used the GRADE approach to evaluate the certainty of the evidence. MAIN RESULTS: We identified eight trials, including 1167 participants, which contributed data to our meta-analyses. These trials were exclusively conducted in East Asian countries, predominantly in China. The studies varied in the types of uncut devices used, ranging from 2- to 6-row linear staplers to suture lines. The follow-up periods for long-term outcomes spanned from 3 months to 42 months, with most studies focusing on a 6- to 12-month range. We rated the certainty of evidence from low to very low. Uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction versus Billroth II reconstruction In the realm of surgical complications, very low-certainty evidence suggests that uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction compared with Billroth II reconstruction may make little to no difference to major postoperative complications (risk ratio (RR) 0.98, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.24 to 4.05; I² = 0%; risk difference (RD) 0.00, 95% CI -0.04 to 0.04; I² = 0%; 2 studies, 282 participants; very low-certainty evidence) and incidence of anastomotic leakage (RR 0.64, 95% CI 0.29 to 1.44; I² not applicable; RD -0.00, 95% CI -0.03 to 0.02; I² = 32%; 3 studies, 615 participants; very low-certainty evidence). We are very uncertain about these results. Focusing on long-term outcomes, low- to very low-certainty evidence suggests that uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction compared with Billroth II reconstruction may make little to no difference to changes in body weight (mean difference (MD) 0.04 kg, 95% CI -0.84 to 0.92 kg; I² = 0%; 2 studies, 233 participants; low-certainty evidence), may reduce the incidence of bile reflux into the remnant stomach (RR 0.67, 95% CI 0.55 to 0.83; RD -0.29, 95% CI -0.43 to -0.16; number needed to treat for an additional beneficial outcome (NNTB) 4, 95% CI 3 to 7; 1 study, 141 participants; low-certainty evidence), and may have little or no effect on the incidence of remnant gastritis (RR 0.27, 95% CI 0.01 to 5.06; I2 = 78%; RD -0.15, 95% CI -0.23 to -0.07; I2 = 0%; NNTB 7, 95% CI 5 to 15; 2 studies, 265 participants; very low-certainty evidence). No studies reported on quality of life or the incidence of oesophagitis. Uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction versus Roux-en-Y reconstruction In the realm of surgical complications, very low-certainty evidence suggests that uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction compared with Roux-en-Y reconstruction may make little to no difference to major postoperative complications (RR 4.74, 95% CI 0.23 to 97.08; I² not applicable; RD 0.01, 95% CI -0.02 to 0.04; I² = 0%; 2 studies, 256 participants; very low-certainty evidence) and incidence of anastomotic leakage (RR 0.34, 95% CI 0.05 to 2.08; I² = 0%; RD -0.02, 95% CI -0.06 to 0.02; I² = 0%; 2 studies, 213 participants; very low-certainty evidence). We are very uncertain about these results. Focusing on long-term outcomes, very low-certainty evidence suggests that uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction compared with Roux-en-Y reconstruction may increase the incidence of bile reflux into the remnant stomach (RR 10.74, 95% CI 3.52 to 32.76; RD 0.57, 95% CI 0.43 to 0.71; NNT for an additional harmful outcome (NNTH) 2, 95% CI 2 to 3; 1 study, 108 participants; very low-certainty evidence) and may make little to no difference to the incidence of remnant gastritis (RR 1.18, 95% CI 0.69 to 2.01; I² = 60%; RD 0.03, 95% CI -0.03 to 0.08; I² = 0%; 3 studies, 361 participants; very low-certainty evidence) and incidence of oesophagitis (RR 0.82, 95% CI 0.53 to 1.26; I² = 0%; RD -0.02, 95% CI -0.07 to 0.03; I² = 0%; 3 studies, 361 participants; very low-certainty evidence). We are very uncertain about these results. Data were insufficient to assess the impact on quality of life and changes in body weight. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Given the predominance of low- to very low-certainty evidence, this Cochrane review faces challenges in providing definitive clinical guidance. We found the majority of critical outcomes may be comparable between the uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction and other methods, but we are very uncertain about most of these results. Nevertheless, it indicates that uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction may reduce the incidence of bile reflux compared to Billroth-II reconstruction, albeit with low certainty. In contrast, compared to Roux-en-Y reconstruction, uncut Roux-en-Y may increase bile reflux incidence, based on very low-certainty evidence. To strengthen the evidence base, further rigorous and long-term trials are needed. Additionally, these studies should explore variations in surgical procedures, particularly regarding uncut devices and methods to prevent recanalisation. Future research may potentially alter the conclusions of this review.


Assuntos
Refluxo Biliar , Esofagite , Gastrite , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Refluxo Biliar/complicações , Refluxo Biliar/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastroenterostomia/efeitos adversos , Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Gastrite/etiologia , Gastrite/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Peso Corporal , Esofagite/complicações , Esofagite/cirurgia
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198375

RESUMO

Tuberculosis stands as one of humanity's oldest afflictions, intrinsically intertwined with social disparities. This formidable disease spares no age group and remains the prevailing cause of infection-induced mortality worldwide, particularly in developing nations. We present a case of a 56-year-old woman with diabetes who was diagnosed with Pulmonary Tuberculosis. After receiving antituberculosis drugs as part of her treatment, she experienced a range of systemic manifestations and suffered from severe ulcerative esophagitis. This adverse reaction led to uncontrollable gastrointestinal intolerance, tragically resulting in her untimely demise. The incident underscores the potential seriousness of adverse reactions that can arise from tuberculosis treatment medications.


Assuntos
Esofagite , Tuberculose Pulmonar , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esofagite/induzido quimicamente , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Antituberculosos/efeitos adversos
11.
Neurogastroenterol Motil ; 36(3): e14735, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38225792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can be challenging given varying symptom presentations, and complex multifactorial pathophysiology. The gold standard for GERD diagnosis is esophageal acid exposure time (AET) measured by pH-metry. A variety of additional diagnostic tools are available. The goal of this consensus was to assess the individual merits of GERD diagnostic tools based on current evidence, and provide consensus recommendations following discussion and voting by experts. METHODS: This consensus was developed by 15 experts from nine countries, based on a systematic search of the literature, using GRADE (grading of recommendations, assessment, development and evaluation) methodology to assess the quality and strength of the evidence, and provide recommendations regarding the diagnostic utility of different GERD diagnosis tools, using AET as the reference standard. KEY RESULTS: A proton pump inhibitor (PPI) trial is appropriate for patients with heartburn and no alarm symptoms, but nor for patients with regurgitation, chest pain, or extraesophageal presentations. Severe erosive esophagitis and abnormal reflux monitoring off PPI are clearly indicative of GERD. Esophagram, esophageal biopsies, laryngoscopy, and pharyngeal pH monitoring are not recommended to diagnose GERD. Patients with PPI-refractory symptoms and normal endoscopy require reflux monitoring by pH or pH-impedance to confirm or exclude GERD, and identify treatment failure mechanisms. GERD confounders need to be considered in some patients, pH-impedance can identify supragrastric belching, impedance-manometry can diagnose rumination. CONCLUSIONS: Erosive esophagitis on endoscopy and abnormal pH or pH-impedance monitoring are the most appropriate methods to establish a diagnosis of GERD. Other tools may add useful complementary information.


Assuntos
Esofagite , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Humanos , Consenso , América Latina , Monitoramento do pH Esofágico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/diagnóstico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/terapia , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons
12.
Immunol Lett ; 265: 31-36, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38171474

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) affects the connective tissue and leads to an abnormal fibrotic process in the skin and internal organs. Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) is able to induce cell proliferation and differentiation, and its expression is increased in SSc patients with pulmonary artery hypertension and in skin biopsies in patients with scleroderma. To date, no data on esophageal expression of EGFR are available in SSc patients. We aimed to evaluate whether the pro-fibrogenic pathways of SSc may affect EGFR expression in the esophagus. METHODS: A retrospective analysis included patients with SSc and control subjects suffering from gastroesophageal reflux symptoms. Endoscopic assessment and histopathologic analyses were performed in all subjects and the presence of microscopic esophagitis was used to distinguish patients with normal esophageal mucosa and subjects with non-erosive reflux disease. EGFR expression was measured in all subjects. RESULTS: A total of 35 patients with SSc were included, while the control group included 67 non-SSc patients. EGFR expression at the Z-line was higher in SSc patients than non-SSc patients in absence of microscopic esophagitis (median 65 %, IQR 56-71 % vs 42 %, IQR 37-54 %, p < 0.001). Microscopic esophagitis was found in 60 % of patients with SSc and 62.7 % of control patients, and EGFR expression was significantly higher in patients presenting microscopic esophagitis both in SSc and non-SSc patients. CONCLUSION: The EGFR hyperexpression may be due to SSc and/or reflux-related damage in patients with microscopic esophagitis. Further studies are warranted to answer open questions and provide a possible role of EGFR in terms of diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy.


Assuntos
Esofagite , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/diagnóstico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/patologia , Receptores ErbB
13.
Clin J Gastroenterol ; 17(2): 228-233, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38182939

RESUMO

A 46-year-old woman presented at our hospital with anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea. Blood tests indicated markedly increased eosinophil counts, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed slight erythema in the gastric body. Computed tomography showed edematous thickening of the stomach and small intestinal walls and peritonitis. Thus, eosinophilic gastrointestinal disease was suspected. Endoscopic biopsies from the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum were collected, but no significant increases in eosinophil counts were observed. Little ascites effusion was detected and puncture cytology was difficult to perform. Thus, a sample of the muscularis propria layer was obtained by mucosal incision-assisted biopsy. Histopathological examination of the biopsy revealed significant eosinophilic infiltration within the muscularis propria layer of the stomach, confirming the diagnosis of non-eosinophilic esophagitis eosinophilic gastrointestinal disease. The patient was treated with a leukotriene receptor antagonist and prednisolone, and her clinical symptoms and gastrointestinal wall thickening rapidly improved. The Japanese diagnostic guideline for non-eosinophilic esophagitis eosinophilic gastrointestinal disease requires endoscopic biopsy or eosinophilic infiltration of ascites fluid. When diagnosis is difficult using conventional methods, as in this case, mucosal incision-assisted biopsy is useful as a next step.


Assuntos
Enterite , Eosinofilia , Esofagite , Gastrite , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ascite , Enterite/diagnóstico , Biópsia
18.
Surg Endosc ; 38(2): 659-670, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38012444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Heller's myotomy (LHM) is an established treatment for achalasia cardia. Anti-reflux procedures (ARP) are recommended with LHM to reduce the post-operative reflux though the optimal anti-reflux procedure is still debatable. This study reports on the long-term outcomes of LHM with Angle-of-His accentuation (AOH) in patients of achalasia cardia. METHODS: One hundred thirty-six patients of achalasia cardia undergoing LHM with AOH between January 2010 to October 2021 with a minimum follow-up of one year were evaluated for symptomatic outcomes using Eckardt score (ES), DeMeester heartburn (DMH) score and achalasia disease specific quality of life (A-DsQoL) questionnaire. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, high resolution manometry (HRM) and timed barium esophagogram (TBE) were performed when feasible and rates of esophagitis and improvement in HRM and TBE parameters evaluated. Time dependent rates of success were calculated with respect to improvement in ES and dysphagia-, regurgitation- and heartburn-free survival using Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 65.5 months, the overall success (ES ≤ 3) was 94.1%. There was statistically significant improvement in ES, heartburn score and A-DsQoL score (p < 0.00001, p = 0.002 and p < 0.00001). Significant heartburn (score ≥ 2) was seen in 12.5% subjects with 9.5% patients reporting frequent PPI use (> 3 days per week). LA-B and above esophagitis was seen in 12.7%. HRM and TBE parameters also showed a significant improvement as compared to pre-operative values (IRP: p < 0.0001, column height: p < 0.0001, column width: p = 0.0002). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed dysphagia, regurgitation, and heartburn free survival of 75%, 96.2% and 72.3% respectively at 10 years. CONCLUSIONS: LHM with AOH gives a lasting relief of symptoms in patients of achalasia cardia with heartburn rates similar to that reported in studies using Dor's or Toupet's fundoplication with LHM. Hence, LHM with AOH may be a preferred choice in patients of achalasia cardia given the simplicity of the procedure.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Acalasia Esofágica , Esofagite , Miotomia de Heller , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Acalasia Esofágica/cirurgia , Acalasia Esofágica/diagnóstico , Azia/cirurgia , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Miotomia de Heller/métodos , Cárdia/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Laparoscopia/métodos , Esofagite/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Radiother Oncol ; 190: 109982, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37926329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To report the feasibility of hypofractionated radiation therapy (RT) alone for early stage esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The oncologic outcomes of 60 cT1-2 N0 ESCC patients who received hypofractionated RT (54 âˆ¼ 60 Gy by 3.0 Gy per fraction) from 2004 to 2018 were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: The 5-year rates of local control (LC), progression-free survival, cancer-specific survival, and overall survival were 81.1 %, 44.2 %, 73.7 %, and 54.5 %, respectively. In Cox regression analysis, tumor length < 3 cm was correlated with favorable LC (HR 0.167, p = 0.090), and the 5-year LC rates were 95.7 % and 72.0 % in < 3 cm and ≥ 3 cm subgroups, respectively (p = 0.053). Grade ≥ 2 esophagitis was observed in 44 patients (73.3 %) and grade ≥ 2 esophageal strictures developed in five (8.3 %), respectively. The patients with ≥ 3 cm tumor more frequently suffered from grade ≥ 2 esophagitis (13/24 vs. 31/36, p = 0.006) and grade ≥ 2 esophageal stricture (0/24 vs. 5/36, p = 0.056), respectively. The patients with cT2 tumor suffered from grade ≥ 2 esophagitis more frequently than those with T1 tumor (29/44 vs. 15/16, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Hypofractionated RT alone, with the merit of short treatment course, could be used as feasible option in treating the early stage ESCC patients who are unfit for surgical resection or chemoradiation. Especially, tumor length < 3 cm seems a good indication of this treatment scheme based on favorable LC rate with low incidence of esophageal toxicities.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Esofagite , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/radioterapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Quimiorradioterapia
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