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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 505, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scientific evidence is important to evidence-based practice. Hence, the application of evidence-based practice requires relevant skills and an understanding of science, which therefore need to be learned and trained during the undergraduate program in physiotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate attitudes, perceived competence, and conditions for a scientific approach among physiotherapy students in Sweden, and to compare attitudes and perceived competence between students in different program years. METHODS: Physiotherapy students from six universities (n = 1499) were invited to respond to a digital survey. The survey contained questions regarding attitudes toward science, perceived competence in research interpretations and open comments regarding requirements for a strengthened scientific approach during education. Comparisons between education years were performed with ANOVA/Kruskal‒Wallis test (scale outcomes) and logistic regression (binary outcomes). RESULTS: A total of 466 students responded to the survey. In total, 57% (n = 266) of the students had a high interest in science. No significant difference in interest in science was found between students in the three program years, but 75% (n = 347) reported increased interest during the program. A perceived high ability to understand the structure and performance of scientific studies was reported by 31% (n = 144), to evaluate the methodology by 16% (n = 72) and to interpret statistical results from scientific studies by 12% (n = 55). The lowest perceived competence was reported among students in their second year (p < 0.05). A majority of the students (88%; n = 410) reported a perceived personal need for strengthened conditions for a scientific approach, with suggested prerequisites during education via increased theoretical and applied understanding of the research. CONCLUSION: Even though this study does not fully cover physiotherapy students at all undergraduate programmes in Sweden, the results support that a scientific approach and training should be strengthened during education to enable physiotherapists to understand and interpret science and to fully apply an evidence-based approach in upcoming clinical practice. Both theoretical and applied knowledge and understanding are needed.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Suécia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Masculino , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Especialidade de Fisioterapia/educação , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pesquisa Biomédica/educação , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/educação
2.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 481, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health equity is a common theme discussed in health professions education, yet only some researchers have addressed it in entry-level education. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to serve as an educational intervention pilot to 1) evaluate students' perception of the effectiveness of the DPT program in providing a foundation for health equity education, with or without the benefit of a supplemental resource and 2) establishing priorities for the program related to educating students on health inequities in physical therapy clinical practice. A mixed method design with a focus-group interview was utilized to explore students' perceptions of the DPT program's commitment to advancing health equity. METHODS: A three-staged sequential mixed methods study was conducted. Stage 1 began with quantitative data collection after completing the DEI Bundle utilizing the Tripod DEI survey. Stage 2 involved identifying themes from the Tripod Survey data and creating semi-structured interview questions. Stage 3 consisted of a focus group interview process. RESULTS: A total of 78 students completed the Tripod DEI survey upon completing 70% of the curriculum. Thirty-five students, eight core faculty, 13 associated faculty, and four clinical instructors completed the APTA DEI Bundle Course Series. According to the Tripod DEI Survey results, program stakeholders found the program's commitment to DEI and overall climate to be inclusive, fair, caring, safe, welcoming, and understanding of individuals from different backgrounds, including a sense of student belonging where students feel valued and respected. Three themes emerged from the qualitative focus group interviews, including the value of inclusivity, health equity curricular foundations, and DEI in entry-level DPT education. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the value of incorporating health equity and DEI topics into curricula while fostering an incluse program culture.


Assuntos
Currículo , Grupos Focais , Equidade em Saúde , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Masculino , Feminino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Especialidade de Fisioterapia/educação , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Adulto , Adulto Jovem
3.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 500, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to the German Physiotherapy Education and Qualification Regulations, teaching of anatomical structures is one of the fundamental subjects of physiotherapy education. Besides exhibits and models, anatomy atlases are usually used as teaching and learning tools. These are available in both analog form such as printed books or in digital form as a mobile application. Furthermore, the use of digital teaching and learning tools is steadily increasing within the education of health professionals. AIM: To assess the efficacy of a digital educational tool in contrast to an analog anatomical atlas in acquiring knowledge about anatomical structures. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The data collection took place in the context of an anatomy tutorial for students of the bachelor's degree program in physiotherapy. In a cross-over design, the students completed two learning assignments, each, with different learning materials provided, either with an anatomy app on a tablet or with an anatomy atlas as a book. The tests to assess the newly acquired knowledge immediately after the task, consisted of questions about the anatomical structures of the knee as well as the shoulder. In addition, the students' satisfaction with the learning materials provided was surveyed using a questionnaire. The survey assessed their satisfaction, their assessment of learning success, and their affinity to digital learning materials. This was done using a 5-point Likert scale and a free-text field. The data was analyzed descriptively, and group differences were calculated using a t-tests. RESULTS: Thirty students participated. The group comparison showed a significantly better outcome for the group that prepared with the analog anatomy atlas for the questions on the knee than the comparison group that used the anatomy app (t(28) = 2.6; p = 0.007). For the questions concerning the shoulder, there was no significant difference between the digital and analog groups (t(28) = 1.14; p = 0.26). The questionnaire revealed that satisfaction with the analog anatomy atlas was significantly higher than with the anatomy app. A total of 93.34% rated their experience with the analog learning tool at least "somewhat satisfied". In contrast, 72.67% of students partially or fully agreed that they "enjoyed learning with digital learning tools". DISCUSSION: Learning anatomical structures with the Human Anatomy Atlas 2023 + app did not show a clear advantage when compared to an anatomy book in these two cohorts of physiotherapy students. The results of the questionnaire also showed greater satisfaction with the analog anatomy atlas than with the anatomy app, whereas most students stated that they frequently use digital learning tools, including some for anatomical structures. Satisfaction with the learning tool seems to play a central role in their effectiveness. In addition, sufficient time must be provided for users to familiarize themselves with the user interface of digital applications to use them effectively. REGISTRATION: Diese klinische Studie wurde nicht in einem Studienregister registriert.


Assuntos
Anatomia , Estudos Cross-Over , Humanos , Anatomia/educação , Masculino , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Avaliação Educacional , Especialidade de Fisioterapia/educação , Alemanha , Feminino , Atlas como Assunto , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem , Aprendizagem , Ombro/anatomia & histologia , Joelho/anatomia & histologia
4.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 486, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular pathologies of the head and neck are rare but can present as musculoskeletal problems. The International Federation of Orthopedic Manipulative Physical Therapists (IFOMPT) Cervical Framework (Framework) aims to assist evidence-based clinical reasoning for safe assessment and management of the cervical spine considering potential for vascular pathology. Clinical reasoning is critical to physiotherapy, and developing high-level clinical reasoning is a priority for postgraduate (post-licensure) educational programs. OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of the Framework on clinical reasoning processes in postgraduate physiotherapy students. METHODS: Qualitative case study design using think aloud methodology and interpretive description, informed by COnsolidated criteria for REporting Qualitative research. Participants were postgraduate musculoskeletal physiotherapy students who learned about the Framework through standardized delivery. Two cervical spine cases explored clinical reasoning processes. Coding and analysis of transcripts were guided by Elstein's diagnostic reasoning components and the Postgraduate Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Practice model. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis (inductive and deductive) for individuals and then across participants, enabling analysis of key steps in clinical reasoning processes and use of the Framework. Trustworthiness was enhanced with multiple strategies (e.g., second researcher challenged codes). RESULTS: For all participants (n = 8), the Framework supported clinical reasoning using primarily hypothetico-deductive processes. It informed vascular hypothesis generation in the patient history and testing the vascular hypothesis through patient history questions and selection of physical examination tests, to inform clarity and support for diagnosis and management. Most participant's clinical reasoning processes were characterized by high-level features (e.g., prioritization), however there was a continuum of proficiency. Clinical reasoning processes were informed by deep knowledge of the Framework integrated with a breadth of wider knowledge and supported by a range of personal characteristics (e.g., reflection). CONCLUSIONS: Findings support use of the Framework as an educational resource in postgraduate physiotherapy programs to inform clinical reasoning processes for safe and effective assessment and management of cervical spine presentations considering potential for vascular pathology. Individualized approaches may be required to support students, owing to a continuum of clinical reasoning proficiency. Future research is required to explore use of the Framework to inform clinical reasoning processes in learners at different levels.


Assuntos
Raciocínio Clínico , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Vértebras Cervicais , Competência Clínica , Educação de Pós-Graduação , Masculino , Feminino , Especialidade de Fisioterapia/educação , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/educação , Fisioterapeutas/educação
6.
Phys Ther ; 104(4)2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302087

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, agender, and other gender and sexually diverse identities (LGBTQIA+) health care experience and associated cultural competence from the physical therapist perspective (physical therapist and physical therapist assistant). METHODS: An exploratory qualitative approach implementing semi-structured focus groups and private interviews was utilized. To further anonymity, researchers allowed subjects to keep their camera off on Zoom. An interview protocol included questions guided by Campinha-Bacote domains of cultural competence (cultural awareness, skill, knowledge, encounter, and desire) to collect individual experiences, stories, discussions, thoughts, and opinions. Physical therapist clinicians were recruited from the clinical education affiliation lists of Regis University and Thomas Jefferson University. Seventy-one practicing physical therapists from the USA agreed to be part of the study. RESULTS: Themes were organized using the Social Ecological Model Framework. Themes are in parentheses following each level of the Social Ecological Model and include intrapersonal level (psychological stress and implicit and explicit biases), interpersonal (acceptance and competency), organizational (experience), community (advocacy), and society and policy (explicit biases and policy). CONCLUSION: Cultural competence in physical therapy is influenced by intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational, community, and social and policy factors. Themes of psychological stress, limited awareness, decreased acceptance, and competency as well as limited exposure and experience, and a lack of advocacy and broader societal and policy issues prevent adequate LGBTQIA+ cultural competency of physical therapist providers. Further research in the physical therapist profession is needed to elaborate on the student, educator, and patient perspectives and how this information informs the LGBTQIA+ cultural competence of clinicians. IMPACT: This project may have a significant impact on suggestions for the delivery of content for health profession education to best impact health equity goals and save lives. Implementation of this content may have a direct impact on health disparities in LGBTQIA+ populations by reducing stigma and discrimination from health care providers, thus improving quality of health care and decreasing rates of patient mortality for LGBTQIA+ individuals.


Assuntos
Competência Cultural , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Grupos Focais , Entrevistas como Assunto , Fisioterapeutas/psicologia , Especialidade de Fisioterapia/educação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia
7.
Physiotherapy ; 123: 47-55, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38271742

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To 1) explore physiotherapy students' experience in caring for people with dementia; 2) develop a rich understanding of their perceived preparedness to work with people with dementia upon graduation; and 3) identify opportunities to improve dementia education from the perspectives of students. DESIGN: A qualitative study comprised of semi-structured interviews via web conferencing software. Thematic analysis was undertaken, with themes/subthemes derived and a qualitative framework generated. SETTING: Three Victorian Universities in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Physiotherapy students of entry-to-professional practice education programs (n = 17; mean age 23.7 years, 65% female), having completed at least 15 weeks of clinical placements. RESULTS: The overarching theme was that students' experience of providing care for people with dementia was variable. The three sub-themes were: 1) students experience significant challenges when working with people with dementia, 2) students experience a range of emotions when working with people with dementia, and 3) the quality of dementia learning experiences during entry-to-professional practice training is mostly inadequate. Students described the importance of the supervisor during clinical placements, and suggested incorporating 'real-life' scenario training in the classroom to assist them learn to manage the challenging symptoms of dementia. CONCLUSION: Physiotherapy students believe that entry-to-practice dementia education is insufficient. These findings have important implications for the future planning and delivery of physiotherapy dementia education. CONTRIBUTION OF THE PAPER.


Assuntos
Demência , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Demência/reabilitação , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Adulto , Especialidade de Fisioterapia/educação , Competência Clínica , Entrevistas como Assunto
8.
Soc Sci Med ; 341: 116519, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38141381

RESUMO

Health professionals do not reflect the broader racial/ethnic diversity of the United States. Historical barriers to accessing health professions education have played a major role in initiating and perpetuating these disparities. Sociologists of professions have highlighted the role of educational reform in professions' efforts to enhance their status, but have overlooked the central role of government bodies in facilitating or impeding these strategies. The Flexner Report (1910) enhanced the status of medicine, but only after state medical boards adopted its recommendations, leading to the closure of half of the nation's medical schools and limiting opportunities for marginalized populations to enter the medical profession. Physical therapy leaders have espoused Flexner's precepts in seeking to advance their field's professionalization. In doing so, they consistently overlooked the more insidious impacts of Flexnerian approaches on student and practitioner diversity. This article examines how physical therapy's Flexnerian ambitions disrupted its parallel efforts to increase the field's racial/ethnic diversity. I argue that physical therapy leaders' focus on enhancing their profession's status and indifference toward facilitating educational access and mobility played a significant role in the field's racial/ethnic homogeneity. To increase practitioner diversity in the future, especially following the 2023 US Supreme Court decision (600 U.S. 181) restricting race conscious affirmative action, health professions must do more to address barriers to student access. This will involve moving away from the Flexnerian model and pursuing approaches that have helped more diverse and inclusive health professions, like nursing, to achieve greater educational opportunity and mobility.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Diversidade de Recursos Humanos , Humanos , Ocupações em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Estados Unidos
9.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 77(2): 35-40, Juli-Dic. 2023. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-223471

RESUMO

Introducción: En la primera infancia existen diferentes condiciones y síndromes neurológicos que presentan hipotonía de origen central. La American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine (AACPDM) elaboró una guía en 2019 sobre recomendaciones terapéuticas para esta población de 0 a 6 años, basadas en un consenso de expertos y en la evidencia científica. El objetivo de este estudio fue ver cómo esas recomendaciones terapéuticas se están implementando en España. Sujetos y métodos: Se realizó una encuesta a fisioterapeutas pediátricos que tratan niños con hipotonía central de 0 a 6 años a través de un cuestionario que constaba de 31 preguntas: 10 preguntas sobre datos sociodemográficos y relativos al ejercicio de la profesión, y las 21 restantes relacionadas con el uso de las recomendaciones terapéuticas basadas en la guía de la AACPDM dirigidas a niños con hipotonía de origen central. Resultados: A partir de una muestra de 199 fisioterapeutas, se pudo objetivar que el conocimiento de la guía de la AACPDM se asociaba de forma significativa con los años de experiencia clínica, el nivel de titulación y la comunidad donde ejercen.Conclusión: Esta guía puede servir para concienciar y unificar los criterios en cuanto al abordaje terapéutico de los niños con hipotonía central. Los resultados indican que, excepto algunas técnicas, la mayoría de las estrategias terapéuticas se está implementado en nuestro país en el marco de la atención temprana.


Introduction: In early childhood, there are a number of different neurological conditions and syndromes that present with hypotonia of central origin. In 2019, the American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine (AACPDM) drew up a set of guidelines on therapeutic recommendations for the population aged from 0 to 6 years, based on the consensus of experts and on scientific evidence. The aim of this study is to determine how those therapeutic recommendations are being implemented in Spain. Subjects and methods: A survey of paediatric physiotherapists treating 0-6-year-old children with central hypotonia was carried out by means of a questionnaire consisting of 31 questions: 10 questions on sociodemographic and practice-related data, and the remaining 21 related to the use of the therapeutic recommendations based on the AACPDM guidelines for children with hypotonia of central origin. Results: From a sample of 199 physiotherapists, it was found that familiarity with the AACPDM guidelines was significantly associated with the number of years of clinical experience, level of qualification and the community in which the professionals practise. Conclusion: These guidelines can serve to raise awareness and unify criteria regarding the therapeutic approach to children with central hypotonia. The results indicate that, with the exception of a few techniques, in our country most of the therapeutic strategies are being implemented within the framework of early care.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hipotonia Muscular/diagnóstico , Consenso , 35170 , Fisioterapeutas , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Neurologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pediatria
10.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 839, 2023 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37936143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a foundational process taught in health professional education, yet it is unclear when EBP confidence and skills are obtained. Increases in EBP confidence and behaviors from the start of physical therapy programs to post graduation have been reported in studies that evaluated a single program or used non-valid questionnaires. This study aimed to describe changes in EBP confidence and behavior using validated questionnaires of students from four physical therapy education programs throughout their curriculum and one year post graduation. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-one students from a potential pool of 269 (67.3%) consented to participate. Students completed the Evidence-Based Practice Confidence (EPIC) Scale and the Evidence-Based Practice Implementation Scale (EBPIS) at 6 timepoints: start of the program, prior to first clinical experience, after first clinical experience, at the end of classroom instruction, graduation, and one year post. Medians (Mdn) and 25th and 75th percentiles (P25, P75) were calculated for 42 (23.2%) students with complete data across all timepoints. Change between timepoints was assessed using Friedman's test and Wilcoxon signed rank test with a Bonferroni correction for post hoc analysis. RESULTS: There were significant changes in EPIC scores (p < 0.001) from enrollment (Mdn 50.0, P25, P75 35.5, 65.9) to prior to first clinical experience (Mdn 65.5, P25, P75 57.3, 72.5) and after the first clinical experience (Mdn 67.3, P25, P75, 58.9, 73.2) to the end of classroom instruction (Mdn 78.6, P25, P75, 72.0, 84.1). Significant increases on the EBPIS (p < 0.01) were only seen from after the first year of training (Mdn 15, P25, P75, 10.0, 22.5) to end of the first clinical experience (Mdn 21.5, P25, P75 12.0, 32.0). CONCLUSIONS: EBP confidence increased significantly after classroom instruction but remained the same after clinical experiences and at one year post graduation. EBP behavior significantly increased only after the first clinical experience and remained the same through graduation. Confidence and behavior scores were higher than were previously reported in practicing professionals. Ongoing assessment of EBP confidence and behavior may help instructors build appropriate curricula to achieve their outlined EBP objectives.


Assuntos
Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Especialidade de Fisioterapia/educação , Currículo , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/educação , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Braz J Phys Ther ; 27(5): 100552, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37862915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In physical therapy practice patients and therapists exchange their perspectives on musculoskeletal health problems and their meaning for both of them. However, literature indicates that physical therapists find it difficult to enquire about the patients' values during clinical encounters. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to gain deeper insight into the perspectives of physical therapists about patient values. DESIGN: Explorative qualitative focus group study. METHOD: Twenty-three physical therapists were interviewed in the Netherlands from March to May 2021. Two researchers analyzed the interviews and derived relevant codes. After an iterative process of comparing, analyzing, conceptualizing and discussing the codes, themes were identified through a thematic framework, illustrated with meaningful quotes. RESULTS: Three major themes were identified: Humane, Tacit, and Responsive. It appeared that patient values play unconsciously a major role in daily practice and are associated with humanity, not technical or procedural aspects of the encounter. Responsive denotes that all values require interaction in which aligning with the individual patient forms the basis of treatment. Barriers for being responsive are identified as subthemes: Choices, Trust, Diverseness, and Boundaries. CONCLUSION: The concept of patient values appeared to be implicit. The professional intuitively attunes as a fellow human being to values and expectations of the individual patient. This study contributes to finding a balance and mutual reinforcement of implicit and explicit knowledge. With all found experiences and insights the concept of patient values became more explicit in physical therapy to create a framework for education and research in the future.


Assuntos
Fisioterapeutas , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Humanos , Fisioterapeutas/educação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Grupos Focais , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Especialidade de Fisioterapia/educação
12.
Rev. esp. salud pública ; 97: e202309080, Sept. 2023. graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-226218

RESUMO

Fundamentos: La causa más común de dolor de hombro son los cuadros clínicos relacionados con problemas del manguitorotador. Uno de los tratamientos más habituales es la cirugía artroscópica. El objetivo del estudio fue describir las característicasclínicas y epidemiológicas de los pacientes sometidos a este tipo de cirugías en España. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de tipo descriptivo, observacional y de corte transversal con noventa participantes. Se recogieronlos datos de edad, sexo, realización de actividad laboral con sobreuso de miembros superiores (MMSS), índice de masa corporal (IMC),consumo de tabaco, diagnóstico de diabetes, realización de actividad física-deportiva y antecedentes de tratamientos prequirúrgicos.Finalmente, se realizó un análisis descriptivo de las variables y un análisis de correlaciones, mediante la prueba estadística de Pearson y Spearman según el tipo de variable.Resultados: La media de edad fue de 57,21 años con una desviación estándar (DE) de 8,5 (Intervalo de Confianza [IC] del 95%,55,41-59,00). En cuanto a su IMC, la media fue de 28,49 con una DE de 4,9 (IC del 95%, 27,49-29,53), siendo el 35,6% personas conobesidad (IMC mayor de 30). El diagnóstico médico de los sujetos fue en un 51,1% de rotura total del manguito rotador. Por otro lado,la intensidad de realización de actividad física fue de una hora o menos a la semana en el 87,8% de la muestra. Por último, en relacióncon el tratamiento previo de fisioterapia, el 69,7% de los sujetos habían recibido algún tipo de intervención. Conclusiones: Las características demográficas y clínicas encontradas están en consonancia con las de otras poblacionesestudiadas previamente, y los factores de asociación entre ellas refrendan los factores de riesgo ya señalados previamente (edad,obesidad, sobreuso de MMSS), cobrando especial importancia la edad avanzada.(AU)


Background: The most common cause of shoulder pain is clinical pictures related to rotator cuff problems. One of the mostcommon treatments is arthroscopic surgery. The objective was to describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patientsundergoing this type of surgery in Spain. Methods: A descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study with ninety participants was carried out. Data on age, sex, perfor-mance of work activity with overuse of upper limbs, body mass index (BMI), smoking habit, diagnosis of diabetes, performance of physi-cal-sports activity and history of pre-surgical treatments were collected. Finally, a descriptive analysis of the variables and an analysis ofcorrelations were carried out, using the Pearson and Spearman statistical test according to the type of variable.Results: The mean age was 57.21 years with a standard deviation (SD) of 8.5 (95% CI, 55.41-59.00). Regarding their BMI, the meanwas 28.49 with a SD of 4.9 (95% CI, 27.49-29.53), with 35.6% being obese (BMI greater than 30). The medical diagnosis of the subjectswas 51.1% total rotator cuff tear. On the other hand, the intensity of physical activity was one hour or less per week in 87.8% of thesample. Finally, in relation to the previous physiotherapy treatment, 69.7% of the subjects had received some type of intervention. Conclusions: The demographic and clinical characteristics found are consistent with those of other previously studied populations,and the association factors between them endorse the previously mentioned risk factors, with advanced age gaining special importance.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manguito Rotador , Artropatia de Ruptura do Manguito Rotador , Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Lesões do Ombro , Manejo da Dor , Ombro/cirurgia , Dor , Cirurgia Geral , Demografia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Reabilitação , Dor de Ombro/reabilitação , Dor de Ombro/terapia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Terapia por Exercício
13.
Rehabilitación (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 57(3): [100737], Jul-Sep. 2023. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-222915

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivo: La Organización Mundial de la Salud declaró a la infección por COrona VIrus Disease 19 (COVID-19) como pandemia y recomendó, como medida preventiva, el distanciamiento social. Esto afectó a todos los tratamientos médico-clínicos, incluidos los relacionados con el proceso de rehabilitación física. El objetivo fue describir las percepciones sobre el proceso de rehabilitación debido a las modificaciones experimentadas por las personas con discapacidad motora de un hospital de rehabilitación durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Pacientes y métodos: Diseño cualitativo. La muestra elegida fue por conveniencia y el análisis de datos fue por análisis temático, el cual permite identificar, analizar y reportar temas relevantes. Las entrevistas se realizaron a pacientes atendidos en la División de Kinesiología. Criterios de inclusión: adultos> 18 años, diagnóstico de discapacidad motora, en tratamiento kinésico ≥ 1 mes de forma ambulatoria, con alta temprana de internación o internados en el momento de la realización del estudio y firma del consentimiento informado. Criterios de exclusión: alta kinésica por motivos diferentes a la COVID-19 y diagnóstico de enfermedad psiquiátrica. Resultados: La muestra se compuso de 16 participantes. El 31,2% era de sexo femenino. Doce presentaron diversas alteraciones neurológicas y 4, secuelas de amputación. Se identificaron 4 temas principales: importancia de la rehabilitación, modificaciones/interrupción del tratamiento, actividades de la vida diaria y telerrehabilitación. Conclusiones: Se describieron las percepciones sobre el proceso de rehabilitación y el impacto en las modificaciones experimentadas en las personas con discapacidad motora. Destacamos la importancia de la telerrehabilitación como un recurso alternativo.(AU)


Background and objective: The World Health Organization declared COrona VIrus Disease 19 (COVID-19) a pandemic and recommended social distancing as a preventive measure. This affected all medical–clinical treatments, including those related to the physical rehabilitation process. The objective was to describe the perceptions about the rehabilitation process due to the modifications experienced by people with motor disabilities in a rehabilitation hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic. Patients and methods Qualitative design. The sample chosen was for convenience and the data analysis was by thematic analysis, which allows to identify, analyze and report themes. The interviews were conducted with patients seen in the physiotherapy división of the hospital. Inclusion criteria: adults >18 years old, diagnosis of motor disability, undergoing physical treatment ≥1 month on an outpatient basis, with early discharge from hospitalization or hospitalization at the time of the study and signing of the informed consent. Exclusion criteria: physical discharge for reasons other than COVID-19 and diagnosis of psychiatric illness. Results: The sample consisted of 16 participants. 31.2% were female. Twelve presented various neurological alterations and 4 amputation effects. Four main themes were identified: importance of rehabilitation, treatment modifications/interruption, activities of daily living and tele-rehabilitation. Conclusions: Perceptions about the rehabilitation process and the impact on the modifications experienced in people with motor disabilities were described. We highlight the importance of tele-rehabilitation as an alternative resource.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Reabilitação , Cinésica , Pessoas com Deficiência , Serviços de Reabilitação , 25783 , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Epidemiologia Descritiva
14.
Farm. hosp ; 47(5): 201-209, Septiembre - Octubre 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-225608

RESUMO

Objective Post-stroke spasticity (PSS) is a common complication in stroke survivors, causing severe burden to patients living with it. The aim of this review was to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) of the treatment of post-stroke spasticity, in adults, with abobotulinumtoxinA compared to the best supportive care, based on results from a systematic literature review. Given that abobotulinumtoxinA (aboBoNT-A) is always accompanied by the best supportive care treatment, the CEA compared aboBoNT-A plus the best supportive care with the best supportive care alone. Methods A systematic literature review in EMBASE (including Medline and PubMed), Scopus, and other sources (Google Scholar) was conducted. Articles of all types, providing information on the costs and/or effectiveness measures for the current treatments of PSS in adults were included. The synthesis of information from the review provided the parameters for the design of a cost-effectiveness analysis of the mentioned treatment of interest. The societal perspective was compared to a perspective where only direct costs were observed. Results In total, 532 abstracts were screened. Full information was revised from 40 papers and 13 of these were selected as core papers for full data extraction. Data from the core publications formed the basis for the development of a cost-effectiveness model. In all the included papers physiotherapy was the best supportive care treatment (SoC)... (AU)


Antecedentes La espasticidad post-ictus es una enfermedad común que afecta a los adultos y causa una carga grave a los pacientes que la padecen. El objetivo de la revisión fue realizar un análisis coste-efectividad (ACE) del tratamiento de la espasticidad post-ictus, en adultos, con abobotulinumtoxinA (aboBoNT-A) en comparación con el tratamiento convencional, basado en los resultados de una revisión sistemática de la literatura. Dado que este tratamiento se proporciona siempre al mismo tiempo que el tratamiento convencional, el ACE se realizó del tratamiento aboBoNT-A con el tratamiento convencional, en comparación con recibir únicamente el tratamiento convencional. Métodos Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura en EMBASE (incluyendo Medline y Pubmed), Scopus y otras fuentes (Google Scholar). Se incluyeron artículos de todo tipo que proporcionaran información sobre los costes y/o las medidas de efectividad de los tratamientos actuales del PSS en adultos. La síntesis de la información de la revisión proporcionó los parámetros para el diseño de un análisis coste-efectividad del mencionado tratamiento de interés. Se comparó la perspectiva social con una perspectiva donde solo se observaron los costes directos del tratamiento. Resultados Se revisaron un total de 532 resúmenes. Se revisó la información completa de 40 artículos y se seleccionaron 13 artículos para la extracción completa de datos. La información de estos documentos se sintetizó y utilizó para desarrollar un modelo de coste-efectividad. En todos los artículos incluidos se identificó el tratamiento con fisioterapia como el tratamiento convencional principal... (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Espasticidade Muscular , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Análise Custo-Eficiência , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
15.
Rev. andal. med. deporte ; 16(1/2): 33-42, Agos. 2023. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-224427

RESUMO

Introducción: El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer la evidencia científica de los tratamientos centrados en el equilibrio en pacientes con inestabilidadcrónica de tobillo. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura científica mediante una búsqueda sistematizada en febrero de 2022 en las siguientes bases de datos:PubMed, Scopus, PEDro, Web of Science, y Medline. Resultados: Se incluyeron ensayos clínicos aleatorizados en los últimos 5 años, obteniendo un total de 16 artículos para el análisis de esta revisiónsistemática. La calidad metodológica fue evaluada mediante la escala PEDro. Los principales resultados obtenidos mostraron mejoras en el equilibrioestático y dinámico en comparación con el grupo control. Sin embargo, en su mayoría, se muestran diferencias poco significativas entre gruposexperimentales. Conclusión: Los efectos que produce el entrenamiento de equilibrio en pacientes con inestabilidad crónica de tobillo parecen ser positivos.(AU)


Background: The aim of this work is to know the scientific evidence of treatments focused on balance in patients with chronic ankle instability. Methods: A review of the scientific literature was carried out by means of a systematized search in February 2022 in the following databases: PubMed,Scopus, PEDro, Web of Science, and Medline. Results: Randomized clinical trials in the last 5 years were included, obtaining a total of 16 articles for the analysis of this systematic review. Themethodological quality was evaluated using the PEDro scale. The main results obtained showed improvements in static and dynamic balance comparedto the control group. However, for the most part, insignificant differences between experimental groups were shown. Conclusion: The effects of balance training in patients with chronic ankle instability appear to be positive.(AU)


Introdução: O objectivo deste estudo é descobrir as provas científicas de tratamentos centrados no equilíbrio em pacientes com instabilidade crónica dotornozelo. Métodos: Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura científica através de uma pesquisa sistematizada em Fevereiro de 2022 nas seguintes bases de dados:PubMed, Scopus, PEDro, Web of Science, e Medline. Resultados: Foram incluídos ensaios clínicos aleatórios nos últimos 5 anos, obtendo-se um total de 16 artigos para a análise desta revisão sistemática. Aqualidade metodológica foi avaliada utilizando a escala PEDro. Os principais resultados obtidos mostraram melhorias no equilíbrio estático e dinâmicoem comparação com o grupo de controlo. No entanto, na sua maioria, foram mostradas diferenças insignificantes entre os grupos experimentais.Conclusão: Os efeitos do treino de equilíbrio em pacientes com instabilidade crónica do tornozelo parecem ser positivos.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/reabilitação , Tornozelo , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/terapia , Medicina Esportiva , Especialidade de Fisioterapia
17.
BMJ Open ; 13(7): e074640, 2023 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37451730

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Guideline-adherent physiotherapy can improve patient outcomes and reduce costs in the healthcare system. However, although there are numerous guidelines for physiotherapy practice, services are not consistently based on clinical practice guidelines. While various systematic and scoping reviews have highlighted barriers, facilitators and implementation strategies for guideline-adherent practice in other health professions, this scoping review aims to explore the barriers and facilitators for guideline-adherent physiotherapy and summarises the strategies used to implement such practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This scoping review will be based on Arksey and O'Malley's scoping review methodology and the methodological guidance for conducting scoping reviews published by Joanna Briggs Institute. Relevant publications will be first searched from the beginning of June 2023 on the MEDLINE and CINAHL databases before we expand the search to other databases such as EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and PEDro at the end of June 2023. Two reviewers will independently screen the titles and abstracts of all retrieved citations for inclusion against the eligibility criteria before conducting an independent full-text screening. The criteria will be tested on a sample of abstracts before beginning the abstract review to ensure that they are robust enough to capture any articles that may relate. The extracted data will finally be collated and charted to summarise key findings regarding our research question. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This scoping review will provide an extensive overview of the barriers, facilitators and implementation strategies for guideline-adherent physiotherapy. As scoping reviews are a form of secondary data analysis, ethical review is not required. Results will be disseminated through a peer-reviewed publication and stakeholder meetings. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: This scoping review has been registered on 3 April 2023 on the Open Science Framework under https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/SEUW6.


Assuntos
Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Humanos , Especialidade de Fisioterapia/normas
18.
Anat Sci Educ ; 16(6): 1058-1072, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37462241

RESUMO

Anatomy serves as a foundational course in physical therapy education, but, due to its early placement in the curriculum, may have limited clinical application at that point of a student's education. Thus, augmenting a standard dissection course with surgical procedures can enhance the clinical relevance and knowledge of the anatomical structures involved in those surgeries. Doctor of Physical Therapy students viewed a variety of cadaveric orthopedic and cardiothoracic surgeries performed by a surgeon. Students unable to participate live viewed the recorded surgeries. Participants completed a 10-point Likert scale survey, developed by the researchers, pre- and post-viewing, on self-efficacy of knowledge, patient intervention and communication. Data analysis revealed improved self-efficacy of knowledge of the anatomy and the surgical procedures, confidence in treating patients undergoing those surgeries, and confidence communicating with surgeons, regardless of whether students viewed the surgeries live or recorded. Students participating in this experience expressed a clear value enhancement on their education. Programs should feel confident that this type of experience in the curriculum, whether live or recorded, will have a positive effect on student self-efficacy as related to the relationships and pertinence of anatomical structures involved in the surgeries, the surgical procedures, treating patients having undergone those surgeries, and interprofessional communication.


Assuntos
Anatomia , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Anatomia/educação , Autoeficácia , Especialidade de Fisioterapia/educação , Dissecação/educação , Currículo , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Cadáver
19.
Metas enferm ; 26(6): 50-56, Jul. 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-222661

RESUMO

Objetivo: identificar alteraciones cardiacas en deportistas de entre 3 a 17 años de las provincias de Granada y Almería (España). Método: estudio descriptivo transversal en 7.340 deportistas de clubes deportivos de Granada y Almería en el año 2021. Se les realizó un reconocimiento médico deportivo (RMD) obligatorio para la competición, llevado a cabo por un equipo multidisciplinar (Medicina, Enfermería, Fisioterapia) y acorde a las directrices de la European Society of Cardiology. Tras finalizar el RMD, el personal de Enfermería llevó a cabo una intervención educativa, facilitando consejos sobre la práctica deportiva y realizando el seguimiento de quienes requirieron una valoración por especialistas.Resultados: un 50% de la muestra (7.340) practicaba fútbol. Fueron detectados 52 deportistas con patologías cardiacas no conocidas (0,69%), que sumados a los 60 de quienes ya se conocía que tenían patologías cardiacas ascienden a un 1,5%. De las 52 personas de nueva detección, su edad media fue de 10,8, el 71,4% era hombre y el deporte más practicado fue el fútbol (67,3%). La patología cardiaca más frecuente detectada fue la inversión de la onda T (42,3%). Conclusiones: existe una baja prevalencia de enfermedades cardiacas, representando el 1,5% de la muestra. El RMD aplicado en población infantil y adolescente deportista es efectivo para detectar patología cardiaca. El personal de Enfermería tiene un papel relevante en los RMD para ayudar en la detección de patologías cardiacas y en la prevención de la muerte súbita del deportista, abarcando desde lo educativo, la supervisión del equipamiento, la valoración y el asesoramiento necesario a los deportistas.(AU)


Objectives: to detect cardiac alterations in 3-to-17-year-old sportsmen from the provinces of Granada and Almería (Spain).Method: a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in 7,340 sportsmen from sports clubs of Granada and Almería in 2021. A sports medical examination (SME) was conducted, which was compulsory for the competition, by a multidisciplinary team (Medicine, Nursing, Physiotherapy) and according to the guidelines by the European Society of Cardiology. After completing the SME, the Nursing team conducted an educational intervention, providing advice about the sports practice and conducting follow-up for those who required assessment by specialists.Results: of the sample, 50% (7,340) played football. Fifty-two (52) sportsmen with not-known cardiac conditions were detected (0.69%); added to the 60 with already known cardiac conditions, they amounted to 1.5%. The mean age of the 52 persons with new detection was 10.8; 71.4% were male and the most practiced sport was football (67.3%). The most frequently detected cardiac condition was T-wave inversion (42.3%).Conclusions: there is a low prevalence of cardiac conditions, representing 1.5% of the sample. The SME applied in the population of child and adolescent athletes is effective in order to detect cardiac conditions. The Nursing staff plays a relevant role in SMEs to help detect cardiac conditions and in the prevention of sudden deaths in sports, including the educational aspect, equipment supervision, and the required assessment and counselling provided to sportsmen.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Atletas , Morte Súbita , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Desempenho Atlético , Exame Físico , Atividade Motora , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Enfermagem , Espanha , Esportes , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Eletrocardiografia
20.
Hosp. domic ; 7(3): 1-13, 2023-07-28. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-223738

RESUMO

Objetivo: En marzo del año 2020, se declaró pandemia la enfermedad producida por el coro-navirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID 19). Se estimaba inicialmente que el 5% de la población afectada por COVID-19 requeriría ingreso a unidades de cuidados intensivos con soporte de ventilación mecánica invasiva, pudiendo desarrollar secue-las a partir de la hospitalización. El equipo de rehabilitación domiciliaria se propone el desafío de realizar una serie de evaluaciones con la fi-nalidad de poder valorar la rehabilitación en el ámbito domiciliario.Método: Ensayo clínico no controlado de pa-cientes de la unidad de hospitalización domici-liaria que hayan sufrido COVID-19 con uso de VMI, entre junio 2020 y junio 2021. Ingresaron 193 pacientes, a los cuales se le realizó eva-luaciones al inicio y al final del proceso de re-habilitación por un equipo multidisciplinar en el domicilio del paciente.Resultados: Prevalencia de comorbilidades de hipertensión arterial y obesidad. en la forma grave de dicha enfermedad. Diferencia significa en todas las evaluaciones P (Wilcoxon)<0,001 entre el estado inicial y posterior a la rehabilita-ción, presencia de mayor deterioro en extremi-dades superiores.Conclusión: Pacientes con múltiples secuelas que requieren de la evaluación e intervención precoz de un equipo multidisciplinario, siendo la hospitalización domiciliaria una alternativa segura, eficiente y eficaz. Se logró el restable-cimiento de la deambulación segura e indepen-diente, la prevención de caídas, alimentación segura, recuperación de las destrezas cogniti-vas-comunicativas, y el empoderamiento de la familia en un contexto domiciliario. (AU)


Objective: In March 2020, the disease caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) was declared a pandemic. It was initially esti-mated that 5% of the population affected by COVID-19 required admission to intensive care units with invasive mechanical ventilation sup-port, and may develop sequelae from hospitali-zation. The home rehabilitation team proposes the challenge of carrying out a series of evalua-tions in order to be able to assess rehabilitation in the home environment.Method: Uncontrolled clinical trial of patients from the home hospitalization unit who have suf-fered from COVID-19 with the use of IMV, be-tween June 2020 and June 2021. 193 patients were admitted, who underwent surgery at the beginning and at the end of the rehabilitation process for a multidisciplinary team at the pa-tient’s home.Results: Prevalence of comorbidities of arterial hypertension and obesity. in the severe form of this disease. Mean difference in all P (Wilcoxon) scores <0.001 between baseline and post-reha-bilitation status, presence of greater impairment in upper extremities.Conclusions: Patients with multiple sequelae that require early evaluation and intervention by a multidisciplinary team, home hospitalization being a safe, efficient and effective alternative. The restoration of safe and independent ambu-lation, the prevention of falls, safe eating, recov-ery of cognitive-communicative skills, and the empowerment of the family in a home context were achieved. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pandemias , Visita Domiciliar , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Serviço Hospitalar de Fisioterapia , Terapeutas Ocupacionais , Reabilitação
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