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1.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 164, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622551

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics and surgical outcomes of patients with Wolfring gland ductal cysts (WGDCs). METHODS: A retrospective, consecutive, interventional comparative case series was performed over a period of 7 years. Data on demographic and clinical characteristics, pathological findings and outcomes of surgically excised cysts were collected. A comparison between the transconjunctival and transcutaneous approaches was also assessed. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients (48 eyelids) were included in the final analysis. The most common presenting symptom was painless eyelid swelling (81.3%). The median symptom duration was 11.5 months (IQR, 18.25). The upper eyelid was involved in 31 (64.6%) patients, 29/31 of whom had cysts in a medial or centromedial location. Forty-five (93.8%) cysts were bluish gray and transilluminable with clear contents on lid eversion and a median largest dimension of 22 mm (IQR, 8). A transverse conjunctival fibrotic band was observed along the proximal tarsal border in the cyst area in all patients. Signs of chronic trachoma were noted in 38 (79.2%) patients. Preoperative significant ptosis was present in 28/31 (90.3%) of the upper eyelid cysts. Thirty cysts (62.5%) were excised through the skin, and 18 cysts (37.5%) were excised transconjunctivally. Intraoperative cyst rupture, the need for conjunctival grafting and postoperative residual upper lid ptosis were significantly greater in the transconjunctival group (p = 0.009, p < 0.001, and p = 0.016, respectively). CONCLUSION: The present study highlights the clinicopathological characteristics of a relatively large series of surgically excised WGDCs. Transcutaneous excision of WGDCs has proven to be an effective treatment with fewer adverse sequelae than the transconjunctival approach.


Assuntos
Blefaroptose , Cistos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Pálpebras/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Cistos/cirurgia , Cistos/patologia
2.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 96(1): e20231143, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597495

RESUMO

Plants used in traditional medicine offer an affordable new alternative in tissue repair therapy. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the 5% Rhizophora mangle cream compared to the 5% dexpanthenol cream in healing open surgical wounds on the upper eyelid. A total of 18 patients were submitted to the experiment and divided into 2 groups with 9 patients each who used topically and daily 5% dexpanthenol cream (control group) or 5% R.mangle cream (intervention group) for 7 days. Clinical, morphometric and histomorphometric analyses of wounds and surgical procedures for skin removal were performed. In the morphometric analysis, all wounds treated with R.mangle and dexpanthenol creams showed complete macroscopic scars, without inflammatory signs and infection free. The skin hydration values in pre and post application periods of the cream were 43.82 ± 43.93 and 62.12 ± 67.40 respectively. The histomorphometric study showed lower values of epithelium distance in R. mangle group and higher in dexpanthenol group with significant difference between groups (p < 0.05). The R.mangle 5% cream proved to be effective in healing wounds of human upper eyelid skin with a significant improvement in epithelization compared to dexpanthenol 5% cream.


Assuntos
Ácido Pantotênico/análogos & derivados , Rhizophoraceae , Cicatrização , Humanos , Brasil , Pálpebras/cirurgia
3.
Digit J Ophthalmol ; 30(1): 11-14, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601899

RESUMO

Cavernous hemangioma, currently known as "cavernous venous malformation," is a common, benign, non-infiltrative, slowly progressive vascular malformation of the orbit presenting in adults. We report the case of a 9-year-old girl who presented with a painless palpable mass over the right upper eyelid of 7 years' duration. A computed tomography scan of the orbits revealed a heterogeneously enhancing, well-circumscribed mass in the right upper eyelid with no orbital extension. A transcutaneous excisional biopsy with histopathology disclosed cavernous venous malformation. The majority of cavernous venous malformations are intraconal and present in the fourth to fifth decade of life.


Assuntos
Hemangioma Cavernoso , Neoplasias Orbitárias , Malformações Vasculares , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Neoplasias Orbitárias/patologia , Hemangioma Cavernoso/diagnóstico , Hemangioma Cavernoso/cirurgia , Hemangioma Cavernoso/patologia , Órbita/patologia , Malformações Vasculares/diagnóstico , Pálpebras/patologia
4.
Skin Res Technol ; 30(4): e13678, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We developed and tested the safety and efficacy of a cosmetic device to improve dark circles using electrical muscle stimulation of the orbicularis oculi muscle. METHODS: Overall, 18 participants (36 eyes) were studied. The following five items were evaluated before and after the intervention:(1) the Clinical Dark Circle Score using clinical findings and photographs, (2) transcutaneous oxygen partial pressure (TcPO2) on the lower eyelid, (3) thermography, (4) two-dimensional laser blood flowmetry, and (5) spectrophotometry. RESULTS: The mean score at baseline was 2.0 ± 0.90 (mean ± standard deviation), and that at the end of the study was 1.2 ± 1.0 (Wilcoxon signed-rank sum test, p < 0.0001), indicating a significant reduction. The spectrophotometer showed a significant decrease in a* and L* values before and after use (Wilcoxon signed-rank sum test, p < 0.0001). There was also a weak negative correlation between the change in score and the change in blood flow and TcPO2 measured using a laser perfusion device (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, r = -0.32 and -0.39, respectively). Stratified analysis of the baseline score showed a strong negative correlation between the change in score and the change in spectrophotometric a* in the subjects/group with mild periocular dark circles (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, r = -0.46). Contrastingly, no correlation was observed for any of the measurements in the subjects/group with severe periocular dark circles. After 1 month, no device-related ophthalmic adverse events were observed in any of the participants. CONCLUSION: Electrical muscle stimulation could improve periocular dark circles, especially in the subjects/group with mild periocular dark circles, and was safe.


Assuntos
Pálpebras , Músculos Faciais , Humanos , Face , Estimulação Elétrica , Eletricidade
5.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 162, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Temozolomide (TMZ) is an effective oral alkylating agent used in treating glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and high-grade gliomas. It works by introducing methyl groups into DNA, inhibiting cell division. A case of blepharoconjunctivitis linked to the administration of TMZ is detailed in this report. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 58-year-old African-American man diagnosed with GBM. Following adjuvant TMZ treatment, he developed blepharoconjunctivitis, characterized by eyelid and conjunctival inflammation. Symptoms included eyelid swelling, crusting, and conjunctival discharge, which were promptly resolved with topical steroid cream and eye drops. CONCLUSIONS: Reports specifically linking TMZ to blepharoconjunctivitis are limited. The exact mechanism remains unclear but may involve inflammation extending from blepharitis to the conjunctiva. Healthcare providers must recognize and manage ophthalmic complications promptly. This case report highlights blepharoconjunctivitis associated with TMZ use in a GBM patient. While TMZ is an effective treatment, ophthalmic side effects can occur.


Assuntos
Conjuntivite , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Temozolomida/efeitos adversos , Túnica Conjuntiva , Inflamação , Pálpebras
6.
Ann Plast Surg ; 92(4S Suppl 2): S146-S149, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Loss of vision and other ocular defects are a concern with eyelid burn sequelae. This most commonly progresses from eyelid contracture to cicatricial ectropion and lagophthalmos. When left untreated, these may lead to exposure keratitis, ulceration, infection, perforation, and loss of vision. In the case of full-thickness eyelid burns, release and grafting are required. However, there is a paucity of studies on outcomes in eyelid burn surgery treatment, despite concern for permanent ocular damage or loss of vision. The aim of the study is to describe the complication rates in burn eyelid reconstruction at a single center for 14 years. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of all patients who had sustained eyelid burns and required reconstruction between April 2009 and February 2023. Medical records were obtained from patients' charts. Collected data include demographics, medical history, type of injury, indication for surgery, procedure performed, and complications. RESULTS: A total of 14 patients and 25 eyelids underwent eyelid reconstruction of the 901 total patients with burn-related injuries requiring plastic surgery reconstruction. These patients underwent 54 eyelid surgeries with a mean follow-up time of 13.1 ± 17.1 months. Patients were 71% men and 29% women, with a mean age of 45.1 ± 15.6 years. In 53.7% (n = 29) of the cases, the simultaneous reconstruction of both the upper and lower eyelids was necessary. The reconstruction of the upper and lower eyelid alone represented a smaller percentage (25.9% and 20.4%, respectively). On average, the patients received 3.9 ± 3.5 eyelid surgeries. The overall complication rate was 53.7% (n = 29). The most common complication was ectropion (42.6%, n = 23). Other complications included eye injury (25.9%, n = 14), lagophthalmos (24.1%, n = 13), local infection (7.4%, n = 4), and graft loss (5.6%, n = 3). CONCLUSION: Periorbital burns represent a major challenge that may require complex surgical intervention. Full-thickness skin graft remains the standard of care for patients with eyelid burns. However, there is a high incidence of ectropion that may require reoperation. Further studies examining the conditions of successful eyelid burn procedures may provide guidance on when patients may benefit from eyelid reconstruction during their burn treatment.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Ectrópio , Lagoftalmia , Cirurgia Plástica , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ectrópio/etiologia , Ectrópio/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/cirurgia
7.
BMJ Open Ophthalmol ; 9(1)2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575344

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Effective visual perceptual processing is one of the many components of surgical competence. Human face identification is most efficient when viewed upright. However, it is not yet clear how this perception sensitivity impacts eyelid symmetry. This study investigates surgeons' and laypeople's accuracy and efficiency in perceiving eyelid asymmetry from different spatial perspectives. METHODS: A prospective psychometric experiment was conducted where oculoplastic surgeons were recruited from the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and the Brazilian Oculoplastic Surgery Society, and control participants were recruited via crowdsourcing (Amazon's Mechanical Turk). Standard illustrations of the human face with varying degrees of eyelid abnormality, laterality, gender and rotation were presented to participants who were asked to judge whether the eyelids were symmetric or asymmetric. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 75 oculoplastic surgeons (49.33% male; mean age of 46.9±10.7) and 192 lay individuals (54.6% male; mean age 34.6±11.3 years). Among oculoplastic surgeons, deviation from upright was significantly associated with increased reaction time and decreased proportion correct (OR per 45° for peak 0.68, 95% CI 0.60 to 0.77, p<0.001; OR per 45° for ptosis 0.52, 95% CI 0.32 to 0.87, p=0.012; OR per 180° for aggregate responses 0.56, 95% CI 0.51 to 0.61, p<0.001). Oculoplastic surgeons demonstrated increasing accuracy and decreasing reaction time with additional trials for both peak and ptosis. CONCLUSION: Oculoplastic surgeons perceive eyelid asymmetries more accurately and can better compensate for inverted sensory information. However, accuracy increases and reaction time decreases with additional trials, suggesting trainability and potential for improvement in inversion disability.


Assuntos
Blefaroptose , Doenças Palpebrais , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Feminino , Estudos Prospectivos , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Blefaroptose/cirurgia , Doenças Palpebrais/cirurgia , Percepção
8.
Int Ophthalmol ; 44(1): 144, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498055

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To objectively demonstrate eyelid spasms relief in hemifacial spasm (HFS) patients using a smartphone and a custom-made software. METHODS: Nineteen patients with HFS had standardized videos recorded with a smartphone (iPhone 6S, Apple) camera before and 15 days after receiving onabotulinumtoxinA injections. Nineteen age-matched control subjects were also assessed. The Eye Aspect Ratio (EAR) is an algorithm previously described to determine whether the eye is opened or closed. When the eye is closed, EAR tends to be closer to zero. Analogously, if the eye is wide open, values are greater. A custom-made software using the EAR concept was developed and pre- and post-treatment EARs were analyzed to assess HFS patients. RESULTS: Botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections led to a significant increase in the average EAR of the affected side: + 10.4% (p = 0.0175) of HFS patients, compared to baseline. Mean EAR before BoNT applications were significantly lower (16.2%) on the affected side (0.25 ± 0.05) of HFS patients when compared to controls (0.30 ± 0.05, p = 0.004). After BoNT injections, no statistically significant difference was observed for the average EAR between the affected side of HFS patients (0.27 ± 0.04) and controls (p = 0.20). CONCLUSIONS: Use of a smartphone and custom-made software objectively demonstrated eyelid spasm relief in patients with HFS. Additional refinement of this system could permit more accurate assessments of treatment response rates for each patient, making it possible to be used in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Blefarospasmo , Espasmo Hemifacial , Humanos , Espasmo Hemifacial/tratamento farmacológico , Smartphone , Software , Pálpebras
9.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 316(4): 106, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489027

RESUMO

No randomized trials exist to inform the peripheral surgical margins or depth of wide excision for eyelid melanoma. We performed a meta-analysis examining surgical margins and Breslow depth for eyelid melanomas. A systematic review was performed in August 2022 using PubMed, Cochrane, and Medline databases (1/1/1990 to 8/1/2022). Inclusion criteria included studies reporting surgical treatment of primary cutaneous melanomas of the eyelid with reported surgical margins. Ten articles were included. The studies were examined by surgical margin size (group 1: ≤ 0.5 cm; group 2 > 0.5 cm and ≤ 1.5 cm) and Breslow depth (group 1: ≤ 1 mm; group 2: > 1 mm). The odds ratio (OR) for local recurrence was 2.55 [95% CI 0.36-18.12], p = 0.18; regional metastasis was 0.70 [95% CI 0.00-23671.71], p = 0.48; and distant metastasis was 2.47 [95% CI 0.00-1687.43], p = 0.66. When examining by Breslow depth, the OR for local recurrence was 0.53 [95% CI 0.14-1.94], p = 0.34; regional metastasis was 0.14 [0.00-176.12], p = 0.54; and the OR for distant metastasis was 0.24 [95% CI 0.01-8.73], p = 0.46. There was a trend toward higher likelihood of recurrence and metastasis in the ≤ 0.5 cm group. Similarly, there is a trend toward higher likelihood of recurrence and metastasis with Breslow depth > 1 mm. A surgical margin of at least 0.5 cm and achievement of negative margins via permanent sections or MMS are likely needed to prevent adverse outcomes. En face sectioning may be a superior method of histological processing for eyelid melanoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Palpebrais , Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , Melanoma/patologia , Margens de Excisão , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Palpebrais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Palpebrais/patologia , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Pálpebras/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Optom Vis Sci ; 101(3): 151-156, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546756

RESUMO

SIGNIFICANCE: Patients with Demodex blepharitis have a considerable symptomatic burden that negatively impacts their daily activities and well-being. Despite chronic manifestations of and problems associated with blepharitis that resulted in multiple visits to eye care providers, Demodex blepharitis remained underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Demodex blepharitis on patients' daily activities and well-being. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter, observational study recruited 524 patients with Demodex blepharitis from 20 U.S. ophthalmology and optometry practices. Demodex blepharitis was diagnosed based on the presence of the following clinical manifestations in at least one eye: >10 collarettes on the upper lashes, at least mild lid margin erythema of the upper eyelid, and mite density of ≥1.0 mite/lash (upper and lower combined). Patients were asked to complete a questionnaire related to their symptoms, daily activities, and management approaches. RESULTS: The proportion of patients who experienced blepharitis symptoms for ≥2 years was 67.8%, and for ≥4 years, it was 46.5%. The three most bothersome symptoms ranked were "itchy eyes," "dry eyes," and "foreign body sensation." Overall, 77.4% of patients reported that Demodex blepharitis negatively affected their daily life. One-third (32.3%) of patients had visited a doctor for blepharitis at least two times, including 19.6% who visited at least four times. Despite having clinical manifestations of Demodex blepharitis confirmed by an eye care provider, 58.7% had never been diagnosed with blepharitis. Commonly used management approaches were artificial tears, warm compresses, and lid wipes. Among those who discontinued their regimen, 45.9% had discontinued because of either tolerability issues or lack of effectiveness. Among contact lens wearers, 64.3% of the patients either were uncomfortable wearing contact lenses or experienced vision changes "sometimes" or "frequently." CONCLUSION: Demodex blepharitis results in a significant negative impact on daily activities, creating a psychosocial and symptomatic burden on patients.


Assuntos
Blefarite , Lentes de Contato , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Blefarite/diagnóstico , Blefarite/terapia , Pálpebras , Lubrificantes Oftálmicos
11.
Optom Vis Sci ; 101(3): 164-172, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546758

RESUMO

SIGNIFICANCE: A snapshot intraocular pressure (IOP) is ineffective in identifying the IOP peak and fluctuation, especially during sleep. Because IOP variability plays a significant role in the progression of glaucoma, monitoring the IOP, especially during sleep, is essential to capture the dynamic nature of IOP. PURPOSE: We aimed to design an ocular pressure estimator (OPE) that can reliably and accurately measure the IOP noninvasively over closed-eyelid condition. METHODS: Ocular pressure estimator works on the principle that the external pressure applied by raising the IOP of the eyeball is transmitted through a compressible septum to the pressure sensor, thus recording the IOP. A fluid-filled pouch with a pressure sensor was placed over a rubber glove mimicking the eyelid (septum), covering the cornea of enucleated goat eyeballs. A pressure-controlled setup was connected to a goat cadaver eye, which was validated by a rebound tonometer. Cannulation of eyeballs through the lower limbus had the least difference from the control setup values documented using rebound tonometer, compared with cannulation through the optic nerve. Intraocular pressures ranging from 3 to 30 mmHg was induced, and the outputs recorded using OPE were amplified and recorded for 10 minutes (n = 10 eyes). We stratified the randomization of the number of times and the induced pressures. RESULTS: The measurements recorded were found to be linear when measured against an IOP range of 3 to 30 mmHg. The device has excellent reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.998). The repeatability coefficient and coefficient of variations were 4.24 (3.60 to 4.87) and 8.61% (7.33 to 9.90), respectively. The overall mean difference ± SD between induced IOP and the OPE was 0.22 ± 3.50 (95% confidence interval, -0.35 to 0.79) mmHg across all IOP ranges. CONCLUSIONS: Ocular pressure estimator offers a promising approach for reliably and accurately measuring IOP and its fluctuation noninvasively under a condition mimicking a closed eye.


Assuntos
Pressão Intraocular , Tonometria Ocular , Animais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pálpebras , Cabras
12.
J Fr Ophtalmol ; 47(4): 104108, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437775

RESUMO

We report a patient with isolated ptosis secondary to orbital metastasis but no evidence of a neoplastic process on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A 69-year-old male was referred to our hospital with ptosis of the right upper eyelid and secondary frontalis muscle overaction on the left side for six months. The palpebral fissure was 3mm on the right and 16mm on the left, and levator function was 6mm and 19mm respectively. Three years previously, he had undergone surgical resection of the left lower lobe of the lung due to a T1 N0 M0 adenocarcinoma, and no recurrence had since been observed. An MRI was performed to rule out ptosis secondary to metastasis. Thyroid dysfunction and myasthenia were also ruled out. The ptosis was attributed to an isolated microvascular third nerve palsy. A standard external levator advancement was performed. Six months after the surgery, the patient presented with intense pain, minimal ptosis, edema and diplopia. A new MRI revealed an orbital metastasis measuring 2.4×1.0×1.6cm in the superior orbit, exerting mass effect on the superior rectus and the levator palpebrae superioris muscle. A positron emission tomography scan revealed a recurrence of the lung cancer with multiple bony metastases. The patient underwent chemotherapy consisting of the taxol-carboplatin protocol. Our report highlights the importance of a high index of suspicion of a neoplastic etiology in patients with mild symptoms and a history of cancer even if imaging does not initially reveal a mass or infiltration.


Assuntos
Blefaroptose , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Blefaroptose/diagnóstico , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pálpebras , Órbita , Músculos Oculomotores/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos Oculomotores/cirurgia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/efeitos adversos
14.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 140, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An ocular osseous choristoma is a growth of mature, compact bone in the ocular or periocular soft tissue, and it is the rarest form of ocular choristoma, accounting for only 1.7% of all epibulbar choristomas. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein we present the case of a 20-month-old girl who was referred to the oculoplasty clinic with a progressively growing mass in the left lateral canthus. It had been present since birth without ocular involvement. Upon examination the mass was firm with a smooth surface, measured 9 × 6 × 3 mm, and exhibited no episcleral attachment or ocular involvement. An excisional biopsy was performed, and the histopathological findings were consistent with osseous choristoma of the left lateral canthus. CONCLUSIONS: This report highlights the importance of considering osseous choristoma in the differential diagnosis of eyelid lesions, particularly those that have been present since birth. It also emphasizes the need for further studies investigating associations between osseous choristomas and ocular canthi.


Assuntos
Coristoma , Oftalmopatias , Aparelho Lacrimal , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Coristoma/diagnóstico , Coristoma/cirurgia , Coristoma/patologia , Aparelho Lacrimal/patologia , Oftalmopatias/cirurgia , Pálpebras/patologia , Osso e Ossos/patologia
15.
Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg ; 40(2): 134-149, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427832

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To review and summarize the existing literature on the clinical applications of amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) in ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery. METHODS: A literature review was conducted on the PubMed database using the following search terms: "amniotic membrane" and "eyelid" or "orbit" or "fornix" or "socket" or "lacrimal". RESULTS: In total 516 articles resulted from the search, of which 62 were included. Numerous cases and case series have been published on the use of amniotic membrane transplantation for ocular surface reconstruction, eyelid and forniceal reconstruction, and cicatricial eyelid abnormalities. Surgical methods of securing the graft vary. Few comparative studies exist; some show a similar or improved result when compared to oral mucous membrane grafting for certain indications. CONCLUSIONS: Amniotic membrane transplantation can be a useful tool for the oculoplastic surgeon when faced with a case requiring reconstruction of the posterior lamellae, particularly in patients without other graft donor sites available, and uses of AMT continue to expand. Additional studies directly comparing AMT to other reconstructive techniques would be helpful in choosing between the available surgical techniques and standardizing best practices.


Assuntos
Âmnio , Cirurgia Plástica , Humanos , Face , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Bases de Dados Factuais
17.
Int Ophthalmol ; 44(1): 123, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429587

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Levator muscle dystrophy has been commonly accused being the main pathology of congenital ptosis, nevertheless, few reports drew attention to the existence of congenital aponeurotic defects. This study aims at highlighting the detailed clinical and surgical features of aponeurotic maldevelopment together with the efficacy of simple aponeurosis repair. METHODS: This is a retrospective nonrandomised study including patients with congenital ptosis who underwent levator muscle surgery throughout 4 years. Patients' records were reviewed for the preoperative clinical assessment and photographs, intraoperative recorded data, and videos as well as postoperative data and photographs. RESULTS: Twenty-seven eyes of 22 patients (9.4%) out of 287 eyes were recorded to have absent levator muscle at its typical anatomical insertion site intraoperatively. The mean preoperative MRD1 was (0.44 ± 1.17 mm). The mean levator function was 8.56 ± 3.89 mm, with higher-than-normal crease position (mean value 10.07 ± 1.62 mm). 25 eyes of included cases (92.6%) showed total absence of the levator aponeurosis edge which only was revealed after cutting through the orbital septal covering of the preaponeurotic fat. CONCLUSION: Congenital aponeurotic defect is an established yet under reported entity of congenital ptosis with reproducible characteristic intraoperative findings. Simple aponeurosis repair could achieve ptosis correction in such cases.


Assuntos
Aponeurose , Blefaroptose , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Músculos Oculomotores/cirurgia , Blefaroptose/cirurgia , Blefaroptose/congênito , Pálpebras/cirurgia
18.
J Neural Eng ; 21(2)2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507808

RESUMO

Facial paralysis is the inability to move facial muscles thereby impairing the ability to blink and make facial expressions. Depending on the localization of the nerve malfunction it is subcategorised into central or peripheral and is usually unilateral. This leads to health deficits stemming from corneal dryness and social ostracization.Objective: Electrical stimulation shows promise as a method through which to restore the blink function and as a result improve eye health. However, it is unknown whether a real-time, myoelectrically controlled, neurostimulating device can be used as assistance to this pathological condition.Approach: We developed NEURO-BLINK, a wearable robotic system, that can detect the volitional healthy contralateral blink through electromyography and electrically stimulate the impaired subcutaneous facial nerve and orbicularis oculi muscle to compensate for lost blink function. Alongside the system, we developed a method to evaluate optimal electrode placement through the relationship between blink amplitude and injected charge.Main results: Ten patients with unilateral facial palsy were enrolled in the NEURO-BLINK study, with eight completing testing under two conditions. (1) where the stimulation was cued with an auditory signal (i.e. paced controlled) and (2) synchronized with the natural blink (i.e. myoelectrically controlled). In both scenarios, overall eye closure (distance between eyelids) and cornea coverage measured with high FPS video were found to significantly improve when measured in real-time, while no significant clinical changes were found immediately after use.Significance: This work takes steps towards the development of a portable medical device for blink restoration and facial stimulation which has the potential to improve long-term ocular health.


Assuntos
Paralisia Facial , Humanos , Biônica , Piscadela , Pálpebras/inervação , Nervo Facial
19.
Arq Bras Oftalmol ; 87(3): e20220220, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537039

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of upper eyelid blepharoplasty with the removal of the skin and a strip of orbicularis oculi muscle on the ocular surface, tear film, and dry eye-related symptoms. METHODS: Twenty-two eyes of 22 consecutive patients operated by a single surgeon (21 females; mean age, 61 years; age range, 41-75 years) were included. All subjects completed the Ocular Surface Disease Index questionnaire, underwent in vivo confocal microscopy, tear film breakup time measurements, the Schirmer test with anesthesia, and fluorescein and lissamine green staining measurements before, 1 month, and 6 months after upper blepharoplasty alone with preseptal orbicularis excision. RESULTS: A significant increase in Ocular Surface Disease Index, and corneal fluorescein and lissamine green staining and a significant decrease in tear film breakup time were observed after 1 month (p=0.003, p=0.004, p=0.029, and p=0.024 respectively) and 6 months (p=0.001 for all findings). No significant difference in the Schirmer test score was observed during the follow-up. None of the in vivo confocal microscopy parameters showed significant changes during the study. CONCLUSIONS: An increase in dry eye symptoms and a decrease in tear film stability along with ocular surface staining were observed in patients undergoing upper eyelid blepharoplasty.


Assuntos
Blefaroplastia , Síndromes do Olho Seco , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Córnea/cirurgia , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Lágrimas/fisiologia , Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Fluoresceína
20.
Arq Bras Oftalmol ; 87(3): e20230028, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537045

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Evaluation of lid contour and marginal peak point changes to compare outcomes of external levator advancement and Miiller's muscle conjunctival resection surgery in unilateral ptosis. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of unilateral ptosis patients who underwent external levator advancement or Miiller's muscle conjunctival resection. Eyelid contour analysis was conducted on preoperative and 6-month postoperative digital images. This was performed with the multiple margin reflex distances technique, measuring the vertical distance from a line intersecting the center of the pupil to the eyelid margin at 10 positions at 2 mm intervals. The marginal peak point changes were analyzed digitally using the coordinates of the peak point according to the pupil center. Each position's mean distance was compared preoperatively, postoperatively, and with the fellow eyelid. RESULTS: Sixteen patients underwent external levator advancement and 16 patients had Miiller's muscle conjunctival resection. The mean margin reflex distance was improved by both techniques (1.46 vs. 2.43 mm and 1.12 vs. 2.25 mm, p=0.008 and p=0.0001 respectively) and approached that of the fellow eyelid (2.43 vs. 2.88 and 2.25 vs. 2.58 mm, p=0.23 and p=0.19, respectively). However, statistically significant lid margin elevation was limited to between the N6 and T6 points in the external levator advancement group. Whereas, significant elevation was achieved along the whole lid margin in the Miiller's muscle conjunctival resection group. The marginal peak point was shifted slightly laterally in the external levator advancement group (p=0.11). CONCLUSIONS: Both techniques provide effective lid elevation, however, the external levator advancement's effect lessens toward the canthi while Müller's muscle conjunctival resection provides more uniform elevation across the lid margin. The margin reflex distance alone is not sufficient to reflect contour changes.


Assuntos
Blefaroplastia , Blefaroptose , Humanos , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Blefaroptose/cirurgia , Blefaroplastia/métodos , Túnica Conjuntiva/cirurgia , Músculos Oculomotores/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
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