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1.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-13172

RESUMO

Hoje, a dra Ana Beatriz Barbosa e Silva recebe Dr. Ricardo Wardil, médico homeopata, professor no Instituto Mineiro de Homeopatia, autor e palestrante, destacando-se na interseção entre medicina, espiritualidade e bem-estar.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Médicos Homeopatas , Entrevista , Terapêutica Homeopática
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12250, 2024 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38806507

RESUMO

Mona Lisa's ambiguous expression, oscillating between melancholy and contentment, has captivated viewers for centuries, prompting diverse explanations. This article proposes a novel interpretation grounded in the psychological theory of perceptual organisation. Central to the investigation is the "Ambiguity-Nuance", a subtly shaded, blended region framing the upper part of the lips, hypothesised to influence perceived expression due to perceptual organization. Through carefully crafted artwork and systematic manipulations of Mona Lisa reproductions, experiments reveal how alterations in the perceptual relationships of the Ambiguity-Nuance yield significant shifts in perceived expression, explaining why Mona Lisa's appearance changes and under which conditions she looks content versus melancholic based on perceptual organization. These findings underscore the pivotal role of psychological principles in shaping ambiguous expressions in the Mona Lisa, and extend to other Leonardo's portraits, namely La Bella Principessa and Scapigliata. This study sheds light on the intersection of psychology and art, offering new perspectives on timeless masterpieces.


Assuntos
Sorriso , Humanos , Feminino , Expressão Facial , Pessoas Famosas , Pinturas
4.
Lancet ; 403(10440): 1978-1979, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762315
5.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 20(3): 68-71, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765218

RESUMO

Ovid's Metamorphoses tells the story of Icarus - his tragic flight with man-made wings, the melting of the wax that bound them, and the ensuing fall to his death. This moment has been immortalized across the arts and through several mediums, but none are more notable than Bruegel's Landscape with the Fall of Icarus. Described as a "painter for poets," Bruegel's work served as inspiration for several writers, with this piece in particular providing the basis for ekphrastic poems by W.H. Auden and William Carlos Williams. Though each of these works has a different focus, the unifying theme is that human tragedy is too often placed on the periphery of notice. They are effective reminders to physicians and other healthcare providers about the human aspect of suffering and pain in medicine.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Humanos , Poesia como Assunto/história , Medicina na Literatura/história
6.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303683, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38776313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a scale to assess the excessive behavior of superfans in celebrity worship and to test its reliability and validity in China. METHODS: The scale was developed based on the netnography and interviews of celebrity fans and the existing problematic Internet usage scales. Sample 1 (n = 465) was used for exploratory factor analysis, and Sample 2 (n = 804) was used for confirmatory factor analysis, reliability test, criterion validity, and discriminative validity test. RESULTS: There were 36 items in the final scale, including nine factors: impaired social functioning, replacement of real to virtual social relationships, sleep and eating problems, withdrawal, mood alteration, salience, excessive buying, increased craving, and escape from real life. The factor loadings ranged from 0.565 to 0.803. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the scale was well structured. The reliability of the scale and each factor were satisfactory. The scale showed good discriminant validity in reflecting celebrity worship behavior. In terms of scores, mood alteration was the highest, excessive buying was the lowest, and there were certain gender and age differences. CONCLUSION: This study initially identified the main characteristics of excessive celebrity worship behavior among young fans on social media. The developed Chinese scale has good reliability and validity and can be used as a measurement tool.


Assuntos
Psicometria , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , China , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise Fatorial , Adolescente , Psicometria/métodos , Comportamento Social , Pessoas Famosas , População do Leste Asiático
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11507, 2024 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769333

RESUMO

Research into relationships between victim-generated content, abuse received, and observer characteristics when considering Twitter abuse has been limited to male victims. We evaluated participant perceptions of female celebrity victims and abuse received on Twitter. We used a 3 (Initial Tweet Valence; negative, neutral, positive) × 2 (Abuse Volume; low, high) repeated measures design and online survey method. Participants were shown tweets generated by six female celebrities, counterbalanced such that each participant saw each celebrity in one Valence-Volume condition. Stimuli were presented across six 'lists' such that celebrity 'victims' could be rotated across Valence-Volume pairings. Participants rated-per target stimulus-the level of blame attributable to the victim and the perceived severity of the incident. Furthermore, participants were asked to complete a Dark Tetrad scale-measuring their Machiavellianism, Narcissism, Psychopathy, and Sadism. Analyses determined that victim-blaming was influenced by victim Initial Tweet Valence (greater victim-blaming associated with more-negative content) and observer Machiavellianism. Perceived severity was influenced by victim Initial Tweet Valence, Volume of Abuse received, and observer Machiavellianism. Results were consistent with previous research involving male celebrity victims. Further research is needed to understand the contributions of participants' hostile and benevolent sexism, as well as the role of victim attractiveness.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Masculino , Maquiavelismo , Adulto Jovem , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Narcisismo , Percepção Social/psicologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia
8.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 82(7): 1-2, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740023

RESUMO

Spasmodic torticollis was an early designation used for cervical dystonia. The origin of this name is attributed to French physician and writer François Rabelais in the mid-sixteenth century. This early description of torticollis in the book Pantagruel was an inspiration for the understanding of cervical dystonia. The art expressed in Rabelais' literature ‒ which was immortalized by the drawings of Gustave Doré ‒ influenced poetry, art, and photography, and led to the adoption of the term torticollis in the neurological sciences.


Uma designação inicial usada para distonia cervical era torcicolo espasmódico. A origem desse termo é atribuída ao médico e escritor francês François Rabelais em meados do século XVI. Essa descrição inicial do torcicolo no livro Pantagruel foi uma inspiração para a compreensão da distonia cervical. A arte exibida na literatura de Rabelais ‒ imortalizada pelos desenhos de Gustave Doré ‒ influenciou a poesia, a arte e a fotografia, e levou à adoção do termo torcicolo nas ciências neurológicas.


Assuntos
Torcicolo , Torcicolo/história , França , História do Século XVI , Neurologia/história , Pessoas Famosas
9.
Nursing ; 54(5): 45-47, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38640034

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Walt Whitman is commonly known as a noted American poet of the 19th century, but he also had experience providing nursing care during the American Civil War. He wrote about his experiences and was an early proponent of holistic nursing care. This article reviews the life of Walt Whitman and his legacy related to nursing.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Holística , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Pessoas Famosas
10.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 224, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large body of evidence suggests that some people have a strong, obsessive attachment to a favorite celebrity. The absorption-addiction model attempts to account for this extreme attachment, sometimes labeled "celebrity worship." According to the model, a small portion of celebrity admirers ("celebrity worshipers") become absorbed in the personal lives of celebrities to compensate for perceived personal or social deficiencies. The purpose of this study is to examine how the absorption-addiction model relates to broader psychological theories that include non-celebrity contexts. Specifically, we examine how the absorption-addiction model relates to three theories: empty-self theory, extremism theory, and the dualistic model of passion. METHODS: Participants (N = 399; 77.94% women, Mage = 19.91 years, SD = 3.24) completed an online questionnaire measuring attraction to favorite celebrities. Constructs representing the three broader theories were compared to a measure of attraction to one's favorite celebrity. RESULTS: Sense of emptiness, obsessive passion, and extremism were positively associated with celebrity attraction. The strongest association was found with extremism, though the effect was moderate. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that extremism theory is the best fit of the three broader theories explaining celebrity worship, although its contribution to understanding celebrity worship is modest.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Modelos Psicológicos , Apego ao Objeto , Teoria Psicológica , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Adolescente
12.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0300356, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547192

RESUMO

This paper examines the construct validity and measurement invariance of the Parasocial Relationships in Social Media (PRISM) survey which was designed to provide researchers with a valid and reliable tool for measuring parasocial relationships developed in a social media context. A confirmatory factor analysis indicated the survey provides an adequate measure of parasocial relationships with online, social media celebrities, replicating the factor structure found by Boyd and colleagues when they developed PRISM and providing evidence of the construct validity of the survey. Additionally, scalar measurement invariance was achieved which supports the survey's ability to compare parasocial relationships across different social media platforms.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Meio Social , Análise Fatorial
14.
Curr Biol ; 34(6): R233-R234, 2024 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531312

RESUMO

Rapid advances over the last decade in DNA sequencing and statistical genetics enable us to investigate the genomic makeup of individuals throughout history. In a recent notable study, Begg et al.1 used Ludwig van Beethoven's hair strands for genome sequencing and explored genetic predispositions for some of his documented medical issues. Given that it was arguably Beethoven's skills as a musician and composer that made him an iconic figure in Western culture, we here extend the approach and apply it to musicality. We use this as an example to illustrate the broader challenges of individual-level genetic predictions.


Assuntos
Surdez , Pessoas Famosas , Música , Humanos , Masculino , Genômica , Cabelo , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Alemanha
17.
Am Surg ; 90(6): 1818-1821, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38207203

RESUMO

This historical retrospective examines the famous portrait of John Hunter by Sir Joshua Reynolds, focusing on the man and the objects that were chosen to represent his legacy in anatomy and surgery.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Geral , Cirurgia Geral/história , História do Século XIX , Pessoas Famosas , Humanos , História do Século XX , Pinturas/história , Anatomia/história
18.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol ; 45(2): 157-161, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38290002

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: On April 14, 1865, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated while watching a play from the Presidential Box at Ford's Theatre in Washington, DC. There is still controversy concerning the findings of Lincoln's autopsy. The physicians that attended the autopsy documented that the bullet entered the left occipital region of the brain, but opinions differ as to the path the bullet took through the brain. The official autopsy report documented that the bullet traveled through the left brain and did not cross the midline. Others who watched the autopsy claimed that the bullet entered on the left side of the president's brain, crossed the midline, and ended up just above the orbit on the right. In this manuscript, we reviewed all of the statements of the witnesses to the assassination in an effort to reconstruct the approach that John Wilkes Booth, the assassin, took through the Presidential Box as he approached the president. In addition, we conducted an on-site analysis of the shape and dimensions of the Presidential Box at Ford's Theatre to support the approach that Booth took. Based on this forensic analysis, we provide supportive evidence that the findings of the official autopsy report are accurate; that is, the bullet that entered the president's left brain stayed on the left and did not cross the midline.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Humanos , História do Século XIX , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/patologia , Masculino
19.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 21(2): 203-222, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270074

RESUMO

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938) was the founder of the modern-day Turkish Republic. Although much has been published about his life, only one biography adopted a psychological/psychoanalytic perspective. The authors Vamik Volkan and Norman Itzkowitz argued that the main driving mechanism behind Atatürk's behavior was his narcissistic personality organization. Their framework considered Mustafa's birth, which occurred shortly after his elder brothers had passed away, and how his mother, presumably in a state of severe depression, could not provide adequate emotional care, which gave way to compensatory narcissistic tendencies in the child. For several decades, the hypothesis has remained unchallenged, and no serious review has yet been carried out. In this article, I argue that Mustafa Kemal was a highly intelligent and gifted child based on his well-developed verbal skills and his record as a high achiever at school. While considering the impact of adverse events in early childhood on cognitive development and personality, a review of historical texts revealed that his elder brothers died in 1883-not before Mustafa's birth, as the authors had believed. Thus, no serious event appears to have taken place in his early years when rapid brain development is thought to occur. Since the central premise has lost its integrity to support the biography, Volkan and Itzkowitz's hypothesis can no longer be regarded as tenable and viable.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Narcisística , Humanos , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Pessoas Famosas
20.
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