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1.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 43(9): 1070-5, 2023 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37697884

RESUMO

The differences in the cognition on the location of "Jiaji" between Taoism and medical science are summarized through literature searching. In the medical field, "Jiaji" is generally described as "Jiaji Xue (point)", which is considered as EX-B 2, while, in Taoism, it is expressed as "Jiaji Guan (pass)", focusing on the crucial parts of the body. Medical scholars lay their attention to the distance of "Jiaji" lateral to the spine, in which "Jia" (place on both sides) is mostly considered. In comparison, the Taoists emphasize the central axis on the back of human body expressed as "Jiaji Gu (bone)" and "Jiaji Sanguan (three crucial parts)", in which, "Ji (spine)" is the key. Due to the therapeutic purposes of acupuncture, medical scholars focus on the communication of "Jiaji" with the body surface ultimately. Based on the inner perspective of Taoism, "Jiaji" is connoted to be the three-dimensional structural space located deeply inside of the body. The cognitive differences in the location of "Jiaji" between Taoism and medical science reflect the discrepancy in the cognitive dimensions and approaches to the human body between them, which provide the references for the textual research of "Jiaji" in traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Medicina , Humanos , Filosofias Religiosas , Cognição , Comunicação
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1070-1075, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-1007444

RESUMO

The differences in the cognition on the location of "Jiaji" between Taoism and medical science are summarized through literature searching. In the medical field, "Jiaji" is generally described as "Jiaji Xue (point)", which is considered as EX-B 2, while, in Taoism, it is expressed as "Jiaji Guan (pass)", focusing on the crucial parts of the body. Medical scholars lay their attention to the distance of "Jiaji" lateral to the spine, in which "Jia" (place on both sides) is mostly considered. In comparison, the Taoists emphasize the central axis on the back of human body expressed as "Jiaji Gu (bone)" and "Jiaji Sanguan (three crucial parts)", in which, "Ji (spine)" is the key. Due to the therapeutic purposes of acupuncture, medical scholars focus on the communication of "Jiaji" with the body surface ultimately. Based on the inner perspective of Taoism, "Jiaji" is connoted to be the three-dimensional structural space located deeply inside of the body. The cognitive differences in the location of "Jiaji" between Taoism and medical science reflect the discrepancy in the cognitive dimensions and approaches to the human body between them, which provide the references for the textual research of "Jiaji" in traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Humanos , Medicina , Filosofias Religiosas , Terapia por Acupuntura , Cognição , Comunicação
3.
J Relig Health ; 61(6): 4283-4287, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152229

RESUMO

This final issue of JORH for 2022 revisits the topics of (1) cancer, (2) religious philosophy, and (3) uniquely collates a number of papers discussing the theme of death and dying-which seems an appropriate topic given the conclusion and celebration of life for one of the most internationally admired monarchs, Queen Elizabeth II (1926-2022). Lastly a call for papers is issued regarding religion, spirituality, suicide, and its prevention: https://www.springer.com/journal/10943/updates/23471166 .


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Suicídio , Humanos , Filosofia , Religião , Filosofias Religiosas , Espiritualidade
4.
J Relig Health ; 61(4): 2663-2678, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504228

RESUMO

Taoism and Confucianism both exited simultaneously as philosophies of living in dynastic China. Although there has been an increasing popularity in scientometric studies, religion and health (R&H) literature lacks a holistic evaluation investigating articles relevant to Taoism and Confucianism. All publications produced in Taoism and Confucianism literature and indexed in Web of Science (WoS) databases between 1975 and 2018 were included in this study. Database search on health and Taoism literature retrieved 199 documents from WoS databases. Main research areas were Psychology, Religion and Behavioral Sciences (24.121, 21.608 and 20.603, respectively). The USA ranked first with 38 papers followed China, Taiwan and the UK (n = 35, 20 and 6 documents, respectively). Hong Kong Polytechnic University from China was the most contributor institution in health and Taoism literature. A total of 448 documents were published in health and Confucianism literature between 1975 and 2018, and original articles covered 93.08% of all literature. China was leading country with 126 articles followed by the USA, South Korea and Taiwan (n = 97, 35 and 35 items, respectively). The most productive institutions were City University of Hong Kong (China), Karolinska Institute (Sweden) and University of Hong Kong (China). Researchers from developing and least developed countries should be encouraged to carry out novel scientometric studies in R&H literature.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Confucionismo , China , Humanos , Publicações , Filosofias Religiosas
5.
Redox Biol ; 49: 102221, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34952462

RESUMO

Redox regulation of specific cysteines via oxidoreductases of the thioredoxin family is increasingly being recognized as an important signaling pathway. Here, we demonstrate that the cytosolic isoform of the vertebrate-specific oxidoreductase Glutaredoxin 2 (Grx2c) regulates the redox state of the transcription factor SP-1 and thereby its binding affinity to both the promoter and an enhancer region of the CSPG4 gene encoding chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan nerve/glial antigen 2 (NG2). This leads to an increased number of NG2 glia during in vitro oligodendroglial differentiation and promotes migration of these wound healing cells. On the other hand, we found that the same mechanism also leads to increased invasion of glioma tumor cells. Using in vitro (human cell lines), ex vivo (mouse primary cells), and in vivo models (zebrafish), as well as glioblastoma patient tissue samples we provide experimental data highlighting the Yin and Yang of redox signaling in the central nervous system and the enzymatic Taoism of Grx2c.


Assuntos
Glioma , Glutarredoxinas , Animais , Proteoglicanas de Sulfatos de Condroitina/genética , Proteoglicanas de Sulfatos de Condroitina/metabolismo , Glioma/genética , Glioma/metabolismo , Glutarredoxinas/genética , Glutarredoxinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Neuroglia/metabolismo , Filosofias Religiosas , Cicatrização/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
6.
Indian J Med Ethics ; VI(2): 1-6, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908365

RESUMO

As the Covid-19 situation has developed rapidly into a pandemic of unprecedented scale, ethicists and philosophers must work to comprehend this tragic historical scene from a macroscopic perspective, striving to create peace in the minds of people worldwide. The Buddhist concept of Jihi is a key idea in East Asian philosophy and implies concern for others. Specifically, it requires its constituents to pray sincerely for the well-being and peace of mind of those who are suffering, regardless of nationality, age, gender, or family origin, and mourn this situation together. Accordingly, Jihi may represent a vital component of global ethics, particularly in situations involving the Covid-19 crisis.


Assuntos
Bioética , Budismo/psicologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Empatia , Ética Médica , Filosofias Religiosas/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ásia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Anthropol Med ; 28(1): 47-61, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886376

RESUMO

Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in Trinidad, this paper examines how the framing of a particular apocalyptic future provided a moral commentary and model for wellbeing in contemporary everyday life. Changing social, political, and economic circumstances and relations had brought a range of new risks and anxieties into daily life. These more recent problems originating from beyond the village (such as climate change, criminality, inequality, pollution, neglect by the State) could not be resolved through working with obeah spirits as might have been used previously for more local issues, or through the long-established Catholic and Anglican churches. Instead evangelical Christian cosmology and practices gave a means of making sense of such issues and for protecting oneself. The development of a strong individual relationship with God connected individuals to a greater power and a global community, framing such problems not only as the work of the Devil but as evidence of the coming of the End of Days. Political protest or attempts at wider change were futile therefore; individuals should focus on their own practices to develop a strong relationship with God. Health and wellbeing relied on an individualised and deep relationship with the Holy Spirit. This was developed through practices that both drew on, and helped create, a type of neoliberal logic and global subjectivity to understand and live within current times, evangelical Christianity promoting ways of living without anxiety in the present through understandings of an apocalyptic future.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etnologia , Cristianismo , Filosofias Religiosas , Antropologia Médica , Humanos , Trinidad e Tobago/etnologia
9.
Transcult Psychiatry ; 58(3): 323-334, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043831

RESUMO

Cultural sensitivity is missing in the widely researched construct of resilience. The assumption that resilience takes the same form in all cultures fails to acknowledge that culture shapes the interpretation and instantiation of resilience. Examining how suffering and adversity are perceived and dealt with in Chinese contexts, can identify cultural concepts related to resilience. In this paper, we examine the ways in which Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism, the three main belief systems that have influenced Chinese people's perception of the nature of life, can serve as sources of strength to individuals facing adversity. We summarise three culturally inflected elements of dealing with adversities and compare them with existing, widely researched notions of resilience. Taking a socio-ecological perspective to explore resilience, this paper proposes a multidimensional model that can improve understanding of culturally embedded resilience.


Assuntos
Formação de Conceito , Confucionismo , Budismo , China , Humanos , Filosofias Religiosas
10.
Anthropol Med ; 28(1): 13-27, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892639

RESUMO

The Brethren communities of Scotland's northeast coast inhabit a world that is both modern and enchanted; a state of affairs made possible due to the ways in which life as a deep sea fishermen relate to life as a millenarian Protestant. This article argues that the connection between a life at sea and life in the Brethren is a search for 'signs of the times' - in storms, hauls of prawns, EU fisheries legislation, and so on - which, when taken together, collectively evidence to the Brethren the fact that the end of the world is near. More than this, by extending the eschatological observations of my informants, I want to suggest that this kind of apocalyptic sign searching can also be seen as a feature of what some social theorists - most prominent among them, Ulrich Beck, Anthony Giddens, Scott Lash, and Zygmunt Bauman - refer to as 'late' or 'liquid' modernity, whereby, in its most radical formulation, the cosmos is effectively reduced to the size of the individual.


Assuntos
Protestantismo , Teoria Social , Antropologia Médica , Atitude Frente a Morte , Humanos , Religião e Psicologia , Filosofias Religiosas , Escócia
11.
Healthc Policy ; 16(2): 14-20, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33337310

RESUMO

Ontario families are required to provide up-to-date vaccination records as children begin schooling. Exemptions are allowed on both medical and nonmedical (religious or philosophical) grounds. In a recent report, Toronto Public Health (2019) called for an end to nonmedical exemptions - a proposal some allege infringes the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms right to freedom of religion and conscience. This paper explores whether and to what extent vaccine refusal is protected under the Charter and argues that the elimination of nonmedical exemptions can be justified under Section 1 of the Charter. The issue of mandatory vaccination may take on special urgency in the coming months and years, if and when a vaccine is found for COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Programas Obrigatórios/legislação & jurisprudência , Saúde Pública/legislação & jurisprudência , Filosofias Religiosas/psicologia , Recusa de Vacinação/legislação & jurisprudência , Recusa de Vacinação/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Política de Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Ontário/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação/legislação & jurisprudência , Vacinação/psicologia
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 728: 138731, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339835

RESUMO

Gray water constitutes an important fraction of total wastewater. Some of the most problematic compounds in gray water are the anionic surfactants used as an ingredient for domestic and industrial soaps and detergents. The alkylbenzene sulfonates used in commercially available formula are highly complex mixtures of linear (LAS) and branched (BAS) molecules. LAS are classified generally as biodegradable, although their widespread use generates accumulation in the environment. Docking tools, widely used in recent years in the bioremediation field, allow molecular modeling of the ligand-enzyme interaction, which is key to understanding and evaluating the possibility of biodegradation. In this work, molecular details that allow us to establish a biodegradation pattern for some alkylbenzene sulfonates were elucidated. Two hydrogen bonds, key for the anchorage of surfactants to the monooxygenase active site involved in the initial biodegradation, were found. These bonds determine the way surfactants locate in the hydrophobic pocket of the enzyme affecting the biodegradation rate in a structurally dependent manner. For C10 to C12 linear isomers, the degradation rate increased together with the length of the hydrocarbon chain. For C13 and C14 isomers, steric difficulties to accommodate the surfactant molecule in the catalytic site were observed. For branched chain isomers, little or no biodegradation was found. In addition, biodegradation was lower in mixtures than for the pure isomers. These results will allow an intelligent design of this family of anionic surfactants to attenuate their contaminating effects in waters and soils. This study constitutes, to the best of our knowledge, a novel contribution towards the design of environmentally friendly surfactants with higher probabilities of being biodegraded to complete mineralization.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Alcanossulfonatos , Biodegradação Ambiental , Filosofias Religiosas , Tensoativos
14.
Cuad. bioét ; 31(101): 71-85, ene.-abr. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197138

RESUMO

En este artículo se analizan algunas obras de Julian Huxley con la intención de comprender el significado que le dio a la palabra transhumanismo. La búsqueda intelectual de Huxley a lo largo de su obra como científico y como humanista le llevó a ir transformando su idea hasta que encontró la palabra adecuada. Lo esencial de su inquietud filosófica y religiosa es que siempre buscó la manera de trascender los límites de la naturaleza humana. Para el biólogo británico, la misión religioso-científica que supone la creencia en el transhumanismo lleva al convencimiento de que el ser humano podrá trascender su condición de especie para llegar a concentrar todos los fragmentos de su conciencia en una autoconciencia cósmica total que dé plenitud a la sustancia universal y única de la que forma parte


In this article some works by Julian Huxley are analyzed with the intention of understanding the meaning that he gave to the word transhumanism. Huxley's intellectual search throughout his work as a scientist and as a humanist led him to transform his idea until he found the right word. The essence of his philosophical and religious concern is that he always looked for ways to transcend the limits of human nature. For the British biologist, the religious-scientific mission that supposes the belief in transhumanism leads to the conviction that the human being will be able to transcend his status as a species in order to concentrate all the fragments of his conscience in a total cosmic self-consciousness that gives fullness to the universal and unique substance of which it is a part


Assuntos
Humanos , Humanismo , Filosofias Religiosas , Religião , Características Humanas , Consciência , Evolução Biológica
15.
Nurs Forum ; 55(2): 244-251, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867723

RESUMO

The purpose of this analysis was to explore the concept of shepherding as it applies to nursing. Shepherding is a term used in chaplaincy literature to describe the guidance and protection a chaplain offers. While this term may be appropriate to the relational work of nurses, it has yet to be defined in the nursing literature. Walker and Avant's eight-step method for concept development was utilized. An electronic search using "shepherd/shepherding and nursing or health or inpatient" was performed in eight databases related to nursing, medicine, health, social sciences, and chaplaincy. Scholarly articles, in English, with substantive references to shepherding were included. Four defining attributes related to shepherding were identified: relational interaction, safety and comfort, reciprocal guidance, and transformation through possibilities and actualization. The operational definition of shepherding was thus identified as a relational interaction between the nurse and a patient or family during a transformational crisis. The nurse accompanies the patient, ensuring safety, and comfort and, through reciprocal guidance, the nurse supports the patient to understand possibilities and actualize possibilities based on the patient's preferences.


Assuntos
Formação de Conceito , Filosofias Religiosas/psicologia , Humanos
18.
J Anal Psychol ; 64(1): 73-93, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30618134

RESUMO

Jung and Freud had very different ideas about the nature of analysis. This paper begins by exploring how Jung's gnostic approach, with its goal of individuation, is deeply informed by Buddhist and Taoist principles. His pluralistic, relational model regards truth as subjective and co-constructed with the patient. In contrast, Freud's secular methodology has objective truth as its goal. His classical psychoanalysis is a form of reality testing where the analyst claims to know the painful, singular, objective reality which the patient tries to evade. The theory of aesthetic development (see Piaget 1951, Baldwin 1975, Parsons 1980, Housen 1992, Harris Williams 2010) proposes that artistic appreciation is linked to human development. The paper looks at how the apperception of beauty, related to both truth and meaning, acts as an indicator and facilitator of individuation in the clinical encounter. This is illustrated by a clinical case study. Through empirical research, support is given to the argument (Bollas 1978, Meltzer 1988) that our early experience of the feminine/maternal plays a central role in developing an aesthetic capacity. The experience of the sublime in analysis is examined and portrayed as a means by which aesthetic development may be reignited and narcissistic isolation shattered.


Assuntos
Beleza , Budismo , Estética , Interpretação Psicanalítica , Teoria Psicanalítica , Filosofias Religiosas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos
19.
J Anal Psychol ; 64(1): 53-72, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30618136

RESUMO

This paper opens with a personal introduction to the topic of syncretism within the context of a comparison of enlightenment associated with Eastern religious traditions and individuation as experienced through Jungian analysis. A brief exploration of the recent scholarly revival of interest in syncretism follows. Some close parallels with Jungian theory are highlighted, especially in the work of Timothy Light. Applications to the syncretic trends in Tang culture along the Silk Road(s) suggest deeper patterns of interconnectedness lie at the heart of these trends. A complex systems view highlights similarities between syncretic connections and non-local aspects of synchronistic field events. The final section attempts to extend this approach to innovation in general terms through the recently articulated concept of the 'adjacent possible' from the writing of Stuart Kauffman. From this, the notion of a collective pre-conscious dimension to the psyche is extrapolated. The unifying thread of acausal emergent forms provides a potential synthetic network for these phenomena.


Assuntos
Individuação , Filosofia , Teoria Psicológica , Filosofias Religiosas , China , Humanos , Teoria Junguiana
20.
J Anal Psychol ; 64(1): 32-42, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30618142

RESUMO

This article explores the significance of the image of the Chinese character for 'enlightenment'. The oracle bone script form for 'enlightenment' is comprised of the symbol for the 'true self' and the symbol for the 'heart'. In Chinese Taoist philosophy, the true self is close to Tao, a concept akin to that of the self in Analytical Psychology. The combination of the 'self' meeting with the 'heart' conveys both the aspect of inspiration and of profound meaning. The paper is composed of three parts in order to facilitate the analysis and interpretation of this Chinese character: 1) an exploration of the image and meaning of the character; 2) an exploration of the link between the self and enlightenment; and 3) reflections on the relationship between insight and enlightenment. The image of this Chinese character contains not only what enlightenment is, but also the way to enlightenment and the meaning of the way.


Assuntos
Ego , Idioma , Teoria Psicanalítica , Filosofias Religiosas , China , Humanos , Teoria Junguiana
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