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2.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 409(1): 150, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702556

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Paraoesophageal hernias (PEH) are associated with a high complication rate and often occur in elderly and fragile patients. Surgical gastropexy without fundoplication is an accepted alternative procedure; however, outcomes and functional results are rarely described. Our study aims to evaluate short-term outcomes and the long-term quality of life after gastropexy as treatment for PEH. METHODS: Single center cohort analysis of all consecutive patients who underwent gastropexy for PEH without fundoplication. Postoperative outcomes and functional results were retrospectively collected. Reflux symptoms developed postoperatively were reported using the validated quality of life questionnaire: GERD-Health Related Quality of Life Qestionnaire (GERD-HRQL). RESULTS: Thirty patients (median age: 72 years (65-80)) were included, 40% classified as ASA III. Main PEH symptoms were reflux (63%), abdominal/thoracic pain (47%), pyrosis (33%), anorexia (30%), and food blockage (26%). Twenty-six laparoscopies were performed (86%). Major complications (III-IVb) occurred in 9 patients (30%). Seven patients (23%) had PEH recurrence, all re-operated, performing a new gastropexy. Median follow-up was 38 (17-50) months. Twenty-two patients (75%) reported symptoms resolution with median GERD-HRQL scale of 4 (1-6). 72% (n = 21) reported operation satisfaction. GERD-HRQL was comparable between patients who were re-operated for recurrence and others: 5 (2-19) versus 3 (0-6), p = 0.100. CONCLUSION: Gastropexy without fundoplication was performed by laparoscopy in most cases with acceptable complications rates. Two-thirds of patients reported symptoms resolution, and long-term quality-of-live associated to reflux symptoms is good. Although the rate of PEH recurrence requiring a new re-intervention remained increased (23%), it does not seem to affect long-term functional results.


Assuntos
Gastropexia , Hérnia Hiatal , Laparoscopia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Hérnia Hiatal/complicações , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Gastropexia/métodos , Fundoplicatura , Estudos de Coortes , Laparoscopia/métodos , Recidiva , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Qualidade de Vida , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/diagnóstico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Am Vet Med Assoc ; 262(6): 1-5, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38520751

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of mesenteric volvulus (MV) in New York Police Department police working dogs (PWDs) with and without a prior prophylactic laparoscopic gastropexy (PLG). ANIMALS: 370 PWDs (82 with and 288 without PLG). METHODS: Medical records and surgery and radiology reports were reviewed from 2012 to 2022. Signalment, pertinent history (medical and surgical), gastropexy status, temperament, and training type were recorded. Statistical analysis was used to identify the relationship between prophylactic gastropexy and MV within the patient population. RESULTS: 3 cases of mesenteric volvulus were noted in this patient population. Two (2.4%) of the 82 PWDs that had undergone prophylactic laparoscopic gastropexy developed MV, whereas 1 (0.3%) of the 288 PWDs that had not undergone a gastropexy procedure developed MV. Police working dogs with PLG were estimated to be at 7.2 times greater odds of MV (point estimate OR, 7.18; 95% CI, 0.642 to 80.143); however, the low incidence of MV in this population limited statistical power, and thus this effect did not achieve statistical significance. Evaluation of MV incidence in additional populations of working dogs will allow greater precision in the point estimate. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Prophylactic gastropexy may be associated with an increased risk for MV. However, patients without prophylactic gastropexy are at risk for gastric dilatation and volvulus, which is more common than MV. Therefore, the authors continue to recommend prophylactic gastropexy to decrease the risk for gastric dilatation and volvulus.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Gastropexia , Laparoscopia , Animais , Cães , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Doenças do Cão/prevenção & controle , Gastropexia/veterinária , Feminino , Masculino , Laparoscopia/veterinária , Cães Trabalhadores , New York/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volvo Intestinal/veterinária , Volvo Intestinal/cirurgia , Volvo Intestinal/prevenção & controle
5.
Vet Anaesth Analg ; 51(3): 235-243, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38413340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate if preoperative ondansetron reduces postoperative nausea associated with laparoscopic gastropexy and castration in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty client-owned, healthy male dogs. METHODS: Dogs were premedicated with dexmedetomidine (2-5 mcg kg-1) and methadone (0.2-0.5 mg kg-1) intramuscularly. General anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with an inhalant anesthetic agent. Dogs were randomized into group S (saline 0.1 mL kg-1, intravenously) or group O (ondansetron 0.2 mg kg-1, intravenously). Plasma and serum were collected before premedication and 3 hours postextubation to measure arginine vasopressin (AVP) and cortisol concentrations. Nausea scoring occurred before and 10 minutes after premedication, immediately after extubation, and at 1, 2 and 3 hours postextubation. Data were analyzed by mixed and split-plot anova with Bonferroni adjustment for the number of group comparisons. Significance was set at p < 0.05. RESULTS: Nausea scores increased over time at 1 (p = 0.01) and 2 (p < 0.001) hours postextubation in both groups compared with before premedication. Median nausea score (0-100 mm) for groups S and O before premedication were 2.5 and 0.5 mm, respectively. At 1 and 2 hours postextubation, group S scored 7.5 and 4.0 mm and group O scored 6.0 and 5.0 mm, respectively. No significant differences in nausea scores within or between groups were observed before premedication and 3 hours postextubation. Cortisol concentrations increased significantly 3 hours postextubation in both groups (p < 0.001) compared with before premedication, with no differences between groups. AVP concentrations showed no significant differences within or between groups. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Preoperative intravenous administration of ondansetron (0.2 mg kg-1) did not impact postoperative nausea after laparoscopic gastropexy and castration. Investigation of higher doses of ondansetron on the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting in dogs after surgery is warranted.


Assuntos
Antieméticos , Gastropexia , Laparoscopia , Ondansetron , Orquiectomia , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios , Cães , Animais , Masculino , Ondansetron/administração & dosagem , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/veterinária , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/prevenção & controle , Laparoscopia/veterinária , Antieméticos/administração & dosagem , Orquiectomia/veterinária , Orquiectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastropexia/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/veterinária , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos
6.
Can Vet J ; 65(1): 33-36, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38164372

RESUMO

Bilious abdomen is an uncommon but life-threatening condition that has not previously been associated with prophylactic gastropexy. In animals, bilious abdomen is associated with a high mortality rate, due in large part to resulting bile peritonitis. Most bilious abdomen cases in veterinary medicine occur secondary to underlying gallbladder disease or blunt abdominal trauma. This case report describes an instance of atraumatic bilious abdomen with no evidence of primary hepatobiliary disease. Prophylactic incisional gastropexy was performed on a dog within 72 h of its developing bilious abdomen. It is possible that undergoing a gastropexy increased tension on the common bile duct, but no known direct surgical trauma to the duct occurred. The cause of bile leakage in this case is suspected to be secondary to trauma from a distended hollow viscus. Findings at the time of the second surgery support this conclusion. Key clinical message: This case suggests a novel mechanism for the development of bilious abdomen in dogs.


Développement d'un abdomen bilieux chez un chien après une gastropexie incisionnelle prophylactique et un événement de distension des viscères creux. L'abdomen bilieux est une affection rare mais potentiellement mortelle qui n'a jamais été associée à une gastropexie prophylactique. Chez les animaux, l'abdomen bilieux est associé à un taux de mortalité élevé, dû en grande partie à la péritonite biliaire qui en résulte. La plupart des cas d'abdomen bilieux en médecine vétérinaire sont secondaires à une maladie sous-jacente de la vésicule biliaire ou à un traumatisme contondant abdominal. Ce rapport de cas décrit un cas d'abdomen bilieux atraumatique sans signe de maladie hépatobiliaire primaire. Une gastropexie incisionnelle prophylactique a été réalisée sur un chien dans les 72 heures précédant le développement de son abdomen bilieux. Il est possible que la gastropexie ait augmenté la tension sur le canal biliaire principal, mais aucun traumatisme chirurgical direct connu du canal ne s'est produit. La cause de la fuite biliaire dans ce cas est soupçonnée d'être secondaire à un traumatisme causé par un viscère creux distendu. Les résultats de la deuxième intervention chirurgicale confortent cette conclusion.Message clinique clé :Ce cas suggère un nouveau mécanisme pour le développement de l'abdomen bilieux chez le chien.(Traduit par Dr Serge Messier).


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Gastropexia , Volvo Gástrico , Cães , Animais , Volvo Gástrico/veterinária , Gastropexia/veterinária , Gastropexia/métodos , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Abdome , Ducto Colédoco
8.
BMC Res Notes ; 16(1): 300, 2023 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37908004

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the outcomes and complications associated with prophylactic incisional gastropexy performed in dog breeds at risk for GDV. RESULTS: Seven hundred and sixty-six dogs underwent prophylactic incisional gastropexy of which 61 were electively performed at the time of castration or spay and 705 were adjunctively performed at the time of emergency abdominal surgery. All dogs had short-term follow-up, and 446 dogs (58.2%) had additional follow-up with a median long-term follow-up time of 876 days (range 58-4450). Only 3 dogs (0.4%) had a direct complication associated with the gastropexy site including hemorrhage causing hemoabdomen (2) and infection with partial dehiscence (1). No dogs with long-term follow-up experienced gastric dilatation (GD), gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV), or persistent GI signs following gastropexy. Results of this study found that complications directly associated with prophylactic gastropexy were rare and limited to hemorrhage causing hemoabdomen and infection with partial dehiscence. Transient postoperative GI signs may occur. Gastropexy malpositioning and bowel entrapment were not encountered. There was no occurrence of GD or GDV.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Dilatação Gástrica , Gastropexia , Volvo Gástrico , Cães , Animais , Dilatação Gástrica/etiologia , Dilatação Gástrica/prevenção & controle , Dilatação Gástrica/cirurgia , Gastropexia/efeitos adversos , Gastropexia/métodos , Gastropexia/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Volvo Gástrico/etiologia , Volvo Gástrico/cirurgia , Volvo Gástrico/veterinária , Hemoperitônio
11.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 33(6): 652-662, 2023 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37725825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy can lead to dangerous complications as leaks and hemorrhage. In addition, it can lead to gastric twist/torsion, prolonged postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and de novo gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). We aimed to study the efficacy of omentopexy/gastropexy (OP/GP) in the prevention of these postoperative complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed and Google Scholar were queried in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Data was analyzed using the Review Manager (RevMen) 5.4.1 software. Mantel-Haenszel statistical method and random effects analysis model were used in all meta-analyses. The odds ratio was used for dichotomous data. Subgroup analysis was done according to bougie size. Subgroup analysis according to the distance between the starting point of gastric transection and pylorus was not possible (limitation). Odds ratio and control event rate across studies were used to calculate the number needed to treat (NNT) with OP/GP for an additional beneficial outcome (prevention of adverse outcome) to occur. RESULTS: The initial search identified 442 records; 371 were found irrelevant after screening and were excluded. The remaining 71 reports were retrieved and assessed for eligibility. An additional 57 reports were excluded following an in-depth assessment. The remaining 14 studies were included in this meta-analysis; 8 were nonrandomized studies (NRSs) while 6 were randomized controlled trials. Most studies originated from a single country (limitation). A statistically significant decrease in favor of OP/GP was observed for all outcomes (bleeding, leaks, gastric twist/torsion, prolonged PONV 1 month postoperatively, and postoperative de novo GERD). Data was consistent across studies (low I2 ), and subgroup analysis according to bougie size revealed no subgroup differences. However, this study had 3 limitations that does not allow for strong conclusions. CONCLUSIONS: Although the current literature lacks strong scientific evidence, this study suggests that omentopexy/gastropexy (OP/GP) may offer protection against bleeding and leaks as a staple line reinforcement method, as well as against gastric twist/torsion, prolonged postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and de novo gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as a staple line fixation method. Therefore, it is worthwhile to proceed with large-scale, multicenter, randomized controlled trials to reevaluate our findings. Furthermore, conducting a comparison between OP/GP and other staple line reinforcement techniques would be beneficial.


Assuntos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Gastropexia , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/etiologia , Gastropexia/métodos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto
12.
Diagn Interv Radiol ; 29(6): 813-818, 2023 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37650523

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) with balloon-assisted tract dilatation (BATD) using a single gastropexy. METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board. From August 2018 to October 2022, 61 patients (53 male and 8 female, mean age 67 years, age range 27-90 years) underwent PRG with balloon-retained tubes for enteral nutrition. Single gastropexy was performed in all cases. Patients were divided into two groups based on the tract dilatation technique used. In the first group, BATD (n = 48) was performed. In the second group, a 24-Fr peel-away sheath (PAS) was used for tract dilatation (n = 13). Patient demographics, technical success rate, clinical success rate, fluoroscopy time, cumulative radiation dose, and complications were retrospectively evaluated. The Mann-Whitney U test for continuous variables and Fisher's exact test for categorical variables were performed to compare the two groups. RESULTS: All procedures were successfully performed with 100% technical and clinical success rates in both groups. The mean fluoroscopy time for the BATD group vs. the PAS group (1.68 ± 0.93 min vs. 3.56 ± 2.41 min, P < 0.001) and mean cumulative radiation dose (12.98 ± 9.28 mGy vs. 33.01 ± 15.14 mGy, P < 0.001) were significantly lower in the BATD group compared with the PAS group. There was one major complication of peritonitis that led to death in the PAS group (1/13, 7.7%) and no major complications in the BATD group. Minor complications such as pneumoperitoneum, abdominal pain, leakage, and balloon deflation occurred in 16 patients: 12 (12/48, 25.0%) patients in the BATD group and 4 (4/13, 38.5%) patients in the PAS group. The overall rate of major and minor complications was higher in the PAS group but did not show statistically significant differences (odds ratio: 1.875, 95%; confidence interval: 0.514-6.841, P = 0.486). CONCLUSION: BATD using a single gastropexy is a safe and effective technique for PRG.


Assuntos
Gastropexia , Gastrostomia , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Gastropexia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dilatação , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Fluoroscopia/métodos
13.
Can Vet J ; 64(7): 659-665, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37397695

RESUMO

Objective: To report on operative technique and outcomes following prophylactic total laparoscopic gastropexy (PTLG) using a novel knotless tissue control device (KTCD) in dogs. Animals: This study included 44 dogs. Procedure: Medical records were reviewed, and perioperative data were collected. Right-sided incisional gastropexy was performed using 2 strands of KTCD introduced through a 12-millimeter cannula in a single-incision multi-channeled port. Dog owners were contacted to obtain outcome data. Results: Median age and weight of dogs were 17 mo (6 to 60 mo) and 48.5 kg (14 to 73.3 kg). Median surgical and anesthesia times were 90 min (60 to 150 min) and 195 min (135 to 270 min). Major intraoperative complications were not reported. Follow-up data were available for 40/44 (91%) dogs. Median follow-up time was 522 d (43 to 983 d). Gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) was not reported in any dog. One dog developed suspected colonic entrapment around the gastropexy that required surgical revision. All owners were satisfied with the procedure and indicated they would repeat the procedure with future pets. Conclusion: The PTLG procedure using novel KTCD in this cohort of dogs was effective at preventing GDV for the duration of follow-up and was associated with low perioperative complication rate and high owner satisfaction. Clinical relevance: This retrospective study reports on operative technique and outcomes associated with KTCD use in PTLG. Our findings warrant prospective evaluation of KTCD use in PTLG.


Caractéristiques peropératoires et résultats à long terme après une gastropexie laparoscopique totale prophylactique à l'aide d'un nouveau dispositif de contrôle des tissus sans nœuds chez 44 chiens. Objectif: Rendre compte de la technique opératoire et des résultats après une gastropexie laparoscopique totale prophylactique (PTLG) à l'aide d'un nouveau dispositif de contrôle des tissus sans nœuds (KTCD) chez le chien. Animaux: Cette étude a inclus 44 chiens. Procédure: Les dossiers médicaux ont été examinés et les données peropératoires ont été recueillies. La gastropexie incisionnelle du côté droit a été réalisée à l'aide de 2 brins de KTCD introduits par une canule de 12 millimètres dans un orifice multicanal à incision unique. Les propriétaires de chiens ont été contactés pour obtenir des données sur les résultats. Résultats: L'âge et le poids médians des chiens étaient de 17 mois (6 à 60 mois) et 48,5 kg (14 à 73,3 kg). Les temps chirurgicaux et anesthésiques médians étaient de 90 min (60 à 150 min) et 195 min (135 à 270 min). Des complications peropératoires majeures n'ont pas été rapportées. Des données de suivi étaient disponibles pour 40/44 (91 %) chiens. La durée médiane de suivi était de 522 jours (43 à 983 jours). Le volvulus de dilatation gastrique (GDV) n'a été signalé chez aucun chien. Un chien a développé une suspicion de piégeage du côlon autour de la gastropexie qui a nécessité une reprise chirurgicale. Tous les propriétaires étaient satisfaits de la procédure et ont indiqué qu'ils répéteraient la procédure avec de futurs animaux de compagnie. Conclusion: La procédure PTLG utilisant le nouveau KTCD dans cette cohorte de chiens a été efficace pour prévenir le GDV pendant la durée du suivi et a été associée à un faible taux de complications peropératoires et à une satisfaction élevée des propriétaires. Pertinence clinique: Cette étude rétrospective rend compte de la technique opératoire et des résultats associés à l'utilisation de KTCD dans le PTLG. Nos résultats justifient une évaluation prospective de l'utilisation de KTCD dans le PTLG.(Traduit par Dr Serge Messier).


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Dilatação Gástrica , Gastropexia , Laparoscopia , Volvo Gástrico , Cães , Animais , Gastropexia/veterinária , Gastropexia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças do Cão/prevenção & controle , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Dilatação Gástrica/veterinária , Volvo Gástrico/prevenção & controle , Volvo Gástrico/cirurgia , Volvo Gástrico/veterinária , Laparoscopia/veterinária
14.
J Am Vet Med Assoc ; 261(9): 1351-1356, 2023 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37257832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare complications between a modified incisional gastropexy (MIG) technique and standard incisional gastropexy (SIG). ANIMALS: 347 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES: Dogs that had undergone SIG or MIG from March 2005 through April 2019 were identified through a medical record search of the University of Missouri Veterinary Health Center. The MIG technique is identical to SIG except 2 additional simple interrupted sutures are added, 1 cranial and 1 caudal to the continuous suture line, going full thickness into the stomach to ensure engagement of submucosa. Medical record information was used to identify intraoperative, postoperative, and short-term complications, and telephone or email communication to pet owners and/or referring veterinarians was used to identify complications (short-term and long-term) after discontinuance of care at the University of Missouri Veterinary Health Center. Intraoperative, postoperative, short-term, and long-term complications were analyzed in aggregate within 6 matched groupings: (1) gastropexy for gastric dilatation-volvulus, (2) prophylactic gastropexy without other procedures, (3) gastropexy with ovariohysterectomy, (4) gastropexy with castration, (5) gastropexy with splenectomy, and (6) gastropexy with celiotomy other than splenectomy. Overall rates of complications potentially attributed to gastropexy were compared between SIG and MIG using the Fisher exact test. Overall rates of complications not attributed to gastropexy were compared between SIG and MIG using the χ2 test. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in overall complication rates between SIG and MIG. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Surgeons who feel that engagement of gastric submucosa is important for gastropexy success may use the MIG technique with minimal fear of complications. However, superiority of one technique over the other cannot be determined on the basis of this study.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Dilatação Gástrica , Gastropexia , Volvo Gástrico , Animais , Cães , Gastropexia/efeitos adversos , Gastropexia/veterinária , Gastropexia/métodos , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Doenças do Cão/prevenção & controle , Volvo Gástrico/veterinária , Dilatação Gástrica/veterinária , Suturas/veterinária
15.
J Am Vet Med Assoc ; 261(9): 1345-1350, 2023 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37257833

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the acute strength (failure load and work to failure) of standard incisional gastropexy (SIG) and modified incisional gastropexy (MIG). ANIMALS: 37 pig cadavers. PROCEDURES: Stomachs and right abdominal walls were harvested from pigs euthanized for reasons unrelated to this study. The tissues were stored in lactated Ringer's solution overnight in a 5 °C cooler. Matching body wall and stomach tissue pairs were randomized and divided into 2 groups, on which either SIG or MIG was performed the following day. The MIG technique was identical to SIG except 2 additional simple interrupted sutures, 1 cranial and 1 caudal to the continuous suture line, were placed full thickness into the stomach to ensure engagement of the submucosa. After gastropexy, the samples underwent biomechanical testing. Information regarding change in position and load was generated by the MTESTQuattro software. Mode of failure was examined after the procedure was complete. RESULTS: The MIG had higher failure load and work to failure compared to SIG. All failures were caused by gastric tissue tearing. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The MIG is biomechanically superior to SIG and may provide more security than SIG during healing. However, clinical study is needed to ascertain if there is a difference in gastropexy failure and complications between these 2 techniques.


Assuntos
Gastropexia , Volvo Gástrico , Doenças dos Suínos , Animais , Suínos/cirurgia , Gastropexia/veterinária , Gastropexia/métodos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Volvo Gástrico/cirurgia , Volvo Gástrico/veterinária , Suturas/veterinária , Técnicas de Sutura/veterinária
16.
Open Vet J ; 13(2): 202-205, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37073252

RESUMO

Background: There were described in veterinary literature, the possibility of pneumothorax as a complication of laparoscopic surgery in dogs undergoing laparoscopic ovariectomy associated with total laparoscopic gastropexy. Aim: To assess if spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to pneumoperitoneum is a real risk in dogs undergoing total laparoscopic gastropexy. Methods: Dogs undergoing totally laparoscopic gastropexy received chest X-rays (CXR) in lateral (left and right) and ventro-dorsal projection before and after the surgery. Two veterinary radiologists reported the x-rays and indicated the presence or not of pneumothorax. Results: Postoperative pneumothorax was not detected on postoperative CXR in the total of 76 dogs of the study. Conclusion: The odds risk of pneumothorax after total laparoscopic gastropexy surgical procedure is low.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Gastropexia , Laparoscopia , Pneumoperitônio , Pneumotórax , Feminino , Cães , Animais , Gastropexia/efeitos adversos , Gastropexia/veterinária , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Pneumotórax/veterinária , Pneumotórax/cirurgia , Pneumoperitônio/veterinária , Pneumoperitônio/complicações , Doenças do Cão/etiologia , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/veterinária , Laparoscopia/métodos
17.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 16(3): 409-422, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36808466

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The increased prevalence of obesity worldwide and low incidence of postoperative complications make the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) a clear public choice for obese-related individuals. Pre-existing studies reported contentious outcomes regarding the association with gastrointestinal symptoms after adding omentopexy (Ome) or gastropexy (Gas) to LSG. The present meta-analysis attempted to evaluate the pros and cons of operating Ome/Gas after LSG concerning gastrointestinal symptoms. METHODS: The data extraction and study quality assessment were independently performed by two individuals. The PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched up to October 1, 2022, using the keywords LSG, omentopexy, and gastropexy to identify randomized controlled trial studies. RESULTS: Of the original 157 records, 13 studies with 3515 patients were included. LSG with Ome/Gas excels the LSG group in nausea (odds ratio [OR] = 0.57; 95% CI[0.46, 0.70]; P < .00001), reflux (OR = 0.57; 95% CI [0.46, 0.70]; P < .00001), vomiting (OR = 0.41; 95% CI [0.25, 0.67]; P = .0004) on gastrointestinal symptoms and bleeding (OR = 0.36; 95% CI [0.22, 0.59]; P < .0001), leakage (OR = 0.19; 95% CI [0.09, 0.43]; P < .0001), gastric torsion (OR = 0.23; 95% CI [0.07, 0.75]; P = .01) on post-LSG complications. Further, LSG with Ome/Gas was superior to LSG regarding the result of excess body mass index loss in 1 year after surgery (mean difference = 1.83; 95% CI [0.59, 3.07]; P = .004). However, no significant associations were shown between groups in wound infection and the resulting weight or body mass index 1 year after surgery. Of note, subgroup analysis indicated that gastroesophageal reflux disease can be alleviated by adding Ome/Gas post-LSG in those who used small bougies from 32 to 36 Fr (OR = 0.24; 95% CI [0.17, 0.34]; P < .00001) in contrast with large bougies over 36 Fr. CONCLUSION: Most results elucidated the impact of adding Ome/Gas after LSG in reducing the incidence of gastrointestinal symptoms. Additionally, more studies should be conducted to find the relations between other indicators in the present analysis due to the poor cases.


Assuntos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Gastropexia , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Gastropexia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Obesidade/cirurgia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Z Gastroenterol ; 61(8): 1018-1022, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Peristomal leakage, infection, and persisting fistula after tube removal are rare, but well-known complications in long-term percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomies (PEG). A standard treatment procedure is missing. This case series describes a procedure of tube removal, tailored antibiotic therapy and endoscopic closure with a gastropexy device after mechanical de-epithelialization of the fistulous tract. CASE PRESENTATION: Three patients with infected long-standing PEG (4 to 21 years) were included. The tubes were removed endoscopically and tailored antimicrobial therapy was administered over 10 to 14 days. The persisting fistula was de-epithelialized mechanically and sutured under endoscopic control with a dedicated gastropexy device 11 to 25 days thereafter. A new PEG tube was placed in the same session on a different site. After 30 days the fistula had healed completely, and the PEG worked well in all subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic sealing of a persisting fistula with a dedicated gastropexy device after thorough de-epithelialization is a promising technique that needs confirmation by larger studies.


Assuntos
Fístula , Gastropexia , Humanos , Gastrostomia/efeitos adversos , Gastrostomia/métodos , Endoscopia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
19.
Can Vet J ; 63(7): 711-714, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35784770

RESUMO

A 6-year-old neutered male golden retriever mix dog was presented for investigation of acute restlessness, increased respiratory effort, non-productive retching, and anorexia. Initial abdominal radiography revealed marked gastric dilation with a normal gastric shape and position, along with mineralized granular material in the pyloric region, consistent with a pyloric outflow obstruction secondary to suspected sand impaction. The dog was stabilized with gastric trocharization and medical management with intravenous fluids, antiemetics, polyethylene glycol via a nasogastric tube, and analgesia was initiated. The dog developed aspiration pneumonia during hospitalization and became oxygen-dependent. There was no significant improvement of clinical status despite 72 h of medical management, and surgical intervention was subsequently recommended. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a counterclockwise gastric dilatation and volvulus. The stomach was repositioned into normal anatomic position and an incisional gastropexy was performed. The dog was maintained in the intensive care unit for 4 d postoperatively. Currently, 3 mo postoperatively, the dog is healthy without recurrence of clinical signs. Key clinical message: Counterclockwise gastric dilatation and volvulus is a rare condition in veterinary medicine; however, it should be considered in a patient with acute gastric distension and signs of pyloric outflow obstruction when characteristic radiological signs of clockwise gastric dilatation and volvulus are absent, and there is radiological evidence of persistent gastric foreign material despite medical management. Misdiagnosis of counterclockwise gastric dilatation and volvulus can delay definitive surgical intervention and lead to higher morbidity and mortality.


Dilatation gastrique dans le sens inverse des aiguilles d'une montre et volvulus chez un chien. Un chien golden retriever mâle castré âgé de 6 ans a été présenté pour évaluation à la suite d'agitation aiguë, d'un effort respiratoire accru, des haut-le-coeur non productifs et d'anorexie. La radiographie abdominale initiale a révélé une dilatation gastrique marquée avec une forme et une position gastrique normales, ainsi qu'un matériau granulaire minéralisé dans la région pylorique, compatible avec une suspicion d'obstruction de l'écoulement pylorique secondaire à une impaction par du sable. Le chien a été stabilisé avec une trocarisation gastrique et une prise en charge médicale avec des fluides intraveineux, des antiémétiques, du polyéthylène glycol via une sonde nasogastrique, et une analgésie a été initiée. Le chien a développé une pneumonie par aspiration pendant l'hospitalisation et est devenu dépendant de l'oxygène. Il n'y a pas eu d'amélioration significative de l'état clinique malgré 72 h de prise en charge médicale et une intervention chirurgicale a été recommandée. La laparotomie exploratrice a révélé une dilatation gastrique dans le sens inverse des aiguilles d'une montre et un volvulus. L'estomac a été repositionné en position anatomique normale et une gastropexie incisionnelle a été réalisée. Le chien a été maintenu en unité de soins intensifs pendant 4 jours après l'opération. Actuellement, 3 mois après l'opération, le chien est en bonne santé sans récidive des signes cliniques.Message clinique clé :La dilatation dans le sens inverse des aiguilles d'une montre et le volvulus gastriques sont une affection rare en médecine vétérinaire; cependant, cela doit être envisagé chez un patient présentant une distension gastrique aiguë et des signes d'obstruction de l'écoulement pylorique en l'absence de signes radiologiques caractéristiques de dilatation gastrique dans le sens des aiguilles d'une montre et de volvulus, et en cas de preuve radiologique de corps étranger gastrique persistant malgré la prise en charge médicale. Un diagnostic erroné de dilatation gastrique dans le sens inverse des aiguilles d'une montre et de volvulus peut retarder l'intervention chirurgicale définitive et entraîner une morbidité et une mortalité plus élevées.(Traduit par Dr Serge Messier).


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Dilatação Gástrica , Gastropexia , Volvo Intestinal , Volvo Gástrico , Animais , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Cães , Dilatação Gástrica/complicações , Dilatação Gástrica/cirurgia , Dilatação Gástrica/veterinária , Gastropexia/veterinária , Volvo Intestinal/complicações , Volvo Intestinal/veterinária , Masculino , Volvo Gástrico/complicações , Volvo Gástrico/cirurgia , Volvo Gástrico/veterinária
20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(7)2022 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35787500

RESUMO

A woman in her 70s was referred to our institution with upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding 3 months after a Toupet fundoplication with anterior gastropexy, performed due to gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and a large paraoesophageal hernia. Clinical investigation revealed two ulcers, with one of them at the gastropexy site. A couple of weeks later, the patient presented with a gastrocutaneous fistula. Failure of conservative and endoscopic treatment of the fistula and GI bleeding demanded surgical treatment. The gastropexy tissue was excised and bleeding from the left superior epigastric artery, involved at the ulcerated gastropexy site, was identified; a definitive surgical repair was performed at a second stage. This is an extremely rare complication of anterior gastropexy and bleeding from the gastropexy site, especially when refractory to endoscopic treatment, should raise suspicion for involvement of superior left epigastric artery. The timing of the definitive surgical repair might be of major relevance.


Assuntos
Fístula Gástrica , Gastropexia , Hérnia Hiatal , Artérias Epigástricas/cirurgia , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Humanos
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