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2.
Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil ; 22(1): 113-123, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573151

RESUMO

The Elderly Psychiatry Family Guidance Centre, set up in 2009 in the French Rhône department, is a hospital-based team working at the request of professionals in the network. It is aimed at families in which a member over the age of 65 is experiencing a loss of autonomy that is beyond the family's resources. Combining psychodynamic and systemic tools, this group treatment focuses on psychological aspects and elements of everyday reality. It encourages family communication in order to restore balance. It activates specific levers: intervention during the crisis, modularity of the framework, work on the environment and the network. It offers six renewable sessions, at home, and summaries with partners. The system has temporal and geographical limitations. This experiment shows that it is possible to offer family care that can be linked to individual care, can be identified in the professional network, and is accessible to families who are not initially interested. This finding opens up the possibility of spreading the scheme.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Idoso , Humanos , Hospitais
5.
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 39(1): e6060, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38241061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Virtual Reality-based interventions have become an important element of digital mental health, offering accessible and scalable treatment options. However, studies on VR-based approaches in elderly patients are scarce. This explorative study examined the feasibility of using Virtual Reality (VR) for elderly patients with psychiatric illness, focusing on the sense of presence as the primary outcome. METHODS: The study included N = 30 patients between the ages of 59-92 years who were currently in geriatric psychiatric inpatient and day clinic treatment. Participants were assessed before, during and after a relaxing ten-minute VR experience. Attitude towards digital media and VR, subjective digital competence, and previous experience were examined using questionnaires. Motion sickness was measured repeatedly during the VR experience using the Fast Motion Sickness Scale (FMS). Patients rated their motion sickness and their general well-being in the virtual environment. Sense of presence in the virtual environment was quantified with the Igroup Presence Questionnaire (IPQ). RESULTS: Participants reported a notable sense of presence (M = 0.41 ± 1.4) in the virtual environment, particularly in terms of spatial presence. Motion sickness was reported by a minority of patients. Three patients terminated the VR application before it was finished. The average well-being during the VR experience was reported as high (70/100). Sense of presence and motion sickness showed a significant negative correlation. Presence, motion sickness and well-being were not significantly correlated with age, nor did they differ significantly between groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study underscores the potential of VR-based experiences in the treatment of elderly psychiatric patients and highlights their willingness and ability to engage with VR technology. While the results are promising, future research should explore more interactive VR scenarios and assess their safety and feasibility in elderly populations.


Assuntos
Enjoo devido ao Movimento , Realidade Virtual , Humanos , Idoso , Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Estudos de Viabilidade , Internet , Enjoo devido ao Movimento/psicologia
6.
J Psychiatr Pract ; 30(1): 73-77, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38227732

RESUMO

Recent studies have demonstrated that older adults are more vulnerable to scams because of social isolation, economic affluence, mental disorders, struggles with technology, and cognitive impairments. In this report, we present the case of a 73-year-old man who fell victim to multiple scams over 8 years, leading to a loss of more than $100,000. We also discuss approaches to managing such patients in the outpatient setting. Susceptibility to scams is considered an increasing threat to the well-being of aging societies. The complexity of the problem and the scarcity of available studies make the management of such cases challenging for clinicians.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso
7.
Int Psychogeriatr ; 36(4): 251-262, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36876335

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop an agitation reduction and prevention algorithm is intended to guide implementation of the definition of agitation developed by the International Psychogeriatric Association (IPA). DESIGN: Review of literature on treatment guidelines and recommended algorithms; algorithm development through reiterative integration of research information and expert opinion. SETTING: IPA Agitation Workgroup. PARTICIPANTS: IPA panel of international experts on agitation. INTERVENTION: Integration of available information into a comprehensive algorithm. MEASUREMENTS: None. RESULTS: The IPA Agitation Work Group recommends the Investigate, Plan, and Act (IPA) approach to agitation reduction and prevention. A thorough investigation of the behavior is followed by planning and acting with an emphasis on shared decision-making; the success of the plan is evaluated and adjusted as needed. The process is repeated until agitation is reduced to an acceptable level and prevention of recurrence is optimized. Psychosocial interventions are part of every plan and are continued throughout the process. Pharmacologic interventions are organized into panels of choices for nocturnal/circadian agitation; mild-moderate agitation or agitation with prominent mood features; moderate-severe agitation; and severe agitation with threatened harm to the patient or others. Therapeutic alternatives are presented for each panel. The occurrence of agitation in a variety of venues-home, nursing home, emergency department, hospice-and adjustments to the therapeutic approach are presented. CONCLUSIONS: The IPA definition of agitation is operationalized into an agitation management algorithm that emphasizes the integration of psychosocial and pharmacologic interventions, reiterative assessment of response to treatment, adjustment of therapeutic approaches to reflect the clinical situation, and shared decision-making.


Assuntos
Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Transtornos Neurocognitivos , Humanos , Consenso , Agitação Psicomotora/etiologia , Agitação Psicomotora/prevenção & controle , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência
8.
Int Psychogeriatr ; 36(4): 238-250, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36880250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The International Psychogeriatric Association (IPA) published a provisional consensus definition of agitation in cognitive disorders in 2015. As proposed by the original work group, we summarize the use and validation of criteria in order to remove "provisional" from the definition. METHODS: This report summarizes information from the academic literature, research resources, clinical guidelines, expert surveys, and patient and family advocates on the experience of use of the IPA definition. The information was reviewed by a working group of topic experts to create a finalized definition. RESULTS: We present a final definition which closely resembles the provisional definition with modifications to address special circumstances. We also summarize the development of tools for diagnosis and assessment of agitation and propose strategies for dissemination and integration into precision diagnosis and agitation interventions. CONCLUSION: The IPA definition of agitation captures a common and important entity that is recognized by many stakeholders. Dissemination of the definition will permit broader detection and can advance research and best practices for care of patients with agitation.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Consenso , Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Agitação Psicomotora/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico
9.
Acad Psychiatry ; 48(1): 36-40, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37493958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the online component of a blended curriculum for psychiatry residents on the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to treat depression in older adults. METHODS: Second- and third-year general psychiatry residents completed a blended learning curriculum during their core geriatric psychiatry rotation. The curriculum consisted of didactic seminars, hands-on clinical management, and two online clinical cases focused on the management of late-life depression with ECT. Knowledge acquisition following module completion was measured using a nine-question multiple-choice test. The authors adapted the Medical E-Learning Evaluation Survey (MEES) to measure resident satisfaction, clinical relevance, and instructional design. RESULTS: A total of 37 residents completed both online modules. Of these, 35 residents completed the knowledge test and 23 completed the adapted MEES. Almost all participants (96%) agreed or strongly agreed that the modules were relevant to their clinical work, evidence-based, able to be completed in a reasonable amount of time, and a valuable learning experience. The average score on the knowledge test, after removing one outlier, was 83%. CONCLUSION: Psychiatry residents are very satisfied with the content and delivery of the online component of a blended curriculum for understanding the use of ECT for late-life depression. Future work should examine satisfaction with the remainder of the curricula as well as the impact on longer-term knowledge acquisition and patient care.


Assuntos
Eletroconvulsoterapia , Internato e Residência , Humanos , Idoso , Depressão/terapia , Currículo , Psiquiatria Geriátrica
10.
Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol ; 134(1): 97-106, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37823673

RESUMO

Understanding the patient perspective is a significant part of the deprescribing process. This study aimed to explore the attitudes of older patients with psychiatric disorders towards deprescribing. A total of 72 of psychiatric outpatients (68% women; median age 76 years) completed the validated Danish version of the revised Patients' Attitudes Towards Deprescribing (rPATD) questionnaire. Patients used a median of eight medications (interquartile range 6-12), with 88%, 49% and 24% using antidepressants, antipsychotics and anxiolytics, respectively. Fifty-one percent of patients reported an intrinsic desire to stop one of their medications, while 92% would be willing to stop one on their physician's advice. Seventy-five percent of patients would be worried about missing out on future benefits following deprescribing and 37% had previous bad deprescribing experiences. Use of ≥8 regular medications was associated with more concerns about stopping medication and greater perceived burden of using medication, while use of antipsychotics was not associated with any differences in rPATD factor scores. It is crucial for health care professionals to be aware of patients' specific concerns and past experiences to promote a patient-centred deprescribing approach that takes into account the needs and preferences of older patients with psychiatric disorders.


Assuntos
Desprescrições , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Polimedicação , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 32(1): 1-16, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37845116

RESUMO

The geroscience hypothesis asserts that physiological aging is caused by a small number of biological pathways. Despite the explosion of geroscience research over the past couple of decades, the research on how serious mental illnesses (SMI) affects the biological aging processes is still in its infancy. In this review, we aim to provide a critical appraisal of the emerging literature focusing on how we measure biological aging systematically, and in the brain and how SMIs affect biological aging measures in older adults. We will also review recent developments in the field of cellular senescence and potential targets for interventions for SMIs in older adults, based on the geroscience hypothesis.


Assuntos
Gerociência , Saúde Mental , Humanos , Idoso , Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Biologia
13.
J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol ; 37(1): 3-13, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37161303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Older adults with psychiatric illnesses often have medical comorbidities that require symptom management and impact prognosis. Geriatric psychiatrists are uniquely positioned to meet the palliative care needs of such patients. This study aims to characterize palliative care needs of geriatric psychiatry patients and utilization of primary palliative care skills and subspecialty referral among geriatric psychiatrists. METHODS: National, cross-sectional survey study of geriatrics psychiatrists in the United States. RESULTS: Respondents (n = 397) reported high palliative care needs among their patients (46-73% of patients). Respondents reported using all domains of palliative care in their clinical practice with varied comfort. In multivariate modeling, only frequency of skill use predicted comfort with skills. Respondents identified that a third of patients would benefit from referral to specialty palliative care. CONCLUSIONS: Geriatric psychiatrists identify high palliative care needs in their patients. They meet these needs by utilizing primary palliative care skills and when available referral to subspecialty palliative care.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Psiquiatria , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Idoso , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Psiquiatria Geriátrica
14.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 32(3): 270-279, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38142162

RESUMO

The goal of this overview is to help clinicians develop basic proficiency with the terminology of deep learning and understand its fundamentals and early applications. We describe what machine learning and deep learning represent and explain the underlying data science principles. We also review current promising applications and identify ethical issues that bear consideration. Deep Learning is a new type of machine learning that is remarkably good at finding patterns in data, and in some cases generating realistic new data. We provide insights into how deep learning works and discuss its relevance to geriatric psychiatry.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Saúde Mental , Humanos , Idoso , Aprendizado de Máquina , Psiquiatria Geriátrica
16.
Soins Gerontol ; 28(164): 24-26, 2023.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37977761

RESUMO

Recurrent screaming and vocal agitation complicate geriatric and psychogeriatric care. They are among the psychobehavioral symptoms that accompany neurocognitive diseases. Reputedly difficult to manage, they require a comprehensive pharmacological and non-pharmacological approach. How can the care team deal with these disorders in the absence of a doctor?


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Agitação Psicomotora , Idoso , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia , Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Transtornos Neurocognitivos
17.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1270284, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37920589

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to translate the Geriatric Anxiety Scale-Long-Term Care into Chinese and to assess its reliability and validity in a long-term care population, as well as to explore factors contributing to anxiety in older adults requiring long-term care. Methods: The study recruited 399 older adults residents requiring long-term care and used the Brislin double translation-back-translation method to create the initial Chinese version of the Geriatric Anxiety Scale-Long-Term Care. The study used internal consistency and split-half reliability to assess the reliability of the scale, as well as exploratory factor analysis, validation factor analysis, and content validity to assess the validity of the scale. Linear regression was used to analyze the relationship between the independent variables and anxiety levels in the long-term care population. Results: The Cronbach's coefficient value of the Chinese version of the Geriatric Anxiety Scale-Long-Term Care was 0.81, and the split-half reliability was 0.80. The results of exploratory factor analysis showed support for a one-dimensional factor structure. The results of the validation factor analysis indicated a good fit for the one-factor model. Gender (ß = 0.190, 95% CI:0.540 ~ 1.546, p < 0.001), self-rated health (ß = 0.220, 95% CI:0.379 ~ 0.953, p < 0.001), life satisfaction (ß = -0.315, 95% CI: -1.355 ~ -0.734, p < 0.001) and participation in activities (ß = -0.106, 95% CI: -1.122 ~ -0.084, p < 0.05) were significant predictors of anxiety levels in the long-term care population. Conclusion: The Chinese version of the Geriatric Anxiety Scale-Long-Term Care has good reliability and validity in the long-term care population. The Geriatric Anxiety Scale-Long-Term Care is effective in assessing the anxiety level of the Chinese long-term care older adults population and provides an opportunity to detect and observe anxiety disorders in the long-term care population.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Assistência de Longa Duração , Idoso , Humanos , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Psiquiatria Geriátrica
18.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 31(12): 1017-1031, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37798224

RESUMO

This position statement of the Expert Panel on Brain Health of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry (AAGP) emphasizes the critical role of life course brain health in shaping mental well-being during the later stages of life. Evidence posits that maintaining optimal brain health earlier in life is crucial for preventing and managing brain aging-related disorders such as dementia/cognitive decline, depression, stroke, and anxiety. We advocate for a holistic approach that integrates medical, psychological, and social frameworks with culturally tailored interventions across the lifespan to promote brain health and overall mental well-being in aging adults across all communities. Furthermore, our statement underscores the significance of prevention, early detection, and intervention in identifying cognitive decline, mood changes, and related mental illness. Action should also be taken to understand and address the needs of communities that traditionally have unequal access to preventive health information and services. By implementing culturally relevant and tailored evidence-based practices and advancing research in geriatric psychiatry, behavioral neurology, and geroscience, we can enhance the quality of life for older adults facing the unique challenges of aging. This position statement emphasizes the intrinsic link between brain health and mental health in aging, urging healthcare professionals, policymakers, and a broader society to prioritize comprehensive strategies that safeguard and promote brain health from birth through later years across all communities. The AAGP Expert Panel has the goal of launching further activities in the coming months and years.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Idoso , Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Encéfalo
20.
Issues Ment Health Nurs ; 44(11): 1142-1149, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37699065

RESUMO

Measurement of patient-to-staff violence (PSV) is essential for the institution to prevent negative outcomes and provide effective interventions. Although there are several approaches to doing this in psychiatry, little is known about how well they adapt to different types of wards. The role of gender and age also needs further investigation. The present study aimed to examine and compare characteristics that contribute to the objective and subjective measurement of the severity of PSV in adult (AP) and geriatric (PG) psychiatric wards. Results show that 70% of the reported violence over 30 months (N = 589) was PSV, mostly perpetrated by male patients against nurses. Objective severity ratings were higher in PG than in AP wards, and conversely, subjective ratings were higher in AP than in PG wards. The findings support the systematic measurement of PSV in psychiatric wards and highlight the need for targeted interventions to address the risks associated with minimizing violence.


Assuntos
Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Unidade Hospitalar de Psiquiatria , Humanos , Adulto , Masculino , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suíça , Violência/prevenção & controle , Violência/psicologia , Hospitais Psiquiátricos
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