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1.
Pathol Res Pract ; 256: 155278, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gliomas advance rapidly and are associated with a poor prognosis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) accelerates the progression of gliomas, exerting a pivotal role in glioma development. Proteasome subunit alpha type-2 (PSMA2) exhibits high expression levels in gliomas. however, its specific involvement in glioma progression and its correlation with EMT remain elusive. This study aims to elucidate the role of PSMA2 in glioma progression and its potential association with EMT. METHODS: Online tools were employed to analyze the expression patterns and survival curves of PSMA2 in gliomas. The relationship between PSMA2 and various characteristics of glioma patients was investigated using data from the TCGA and CGGA databases. In vitro, cell proliferation and migration were assessed through CCK-8, colony formation, and transwell assays. Furthermore, a tumor xenograft model in nude mice was established to evaluate in vivo tumorigenesis. Protein binding to PSMA2 was scrutinized using co-immunoprecipitation MS (co-IP MS). The potential biological functions and molecular pathways associated with PSMA2 were explored through GO analysis and KEGG analysis, and the correlation between PSMA2 and EMT was validated through correlation analysis and Western blot experiments. RESULTS: Bioinformatics analysis revealed a significant upregulation of PSMA2 across various cancers, with particularly heightened expression in gliomas. Moreover, elevated PSMA2 levels were correlated with advanced tumor stages and diminished survival rates among glioma patients. Inhibition of PSMA2 demonstrated a pronounced suppressive effect on glioma cell proliferation, both in vitro and in vivo. Knockdown of PSMA2 also impeded the migratory capacity of glioma cells. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses indicated that PSMA2-binding proteins (identified through Co-IP-MS) were associated with cell adhesion molecule binding and cadherin binding. Western blot results further confirmed the role of PSMA2 in promoting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in glioma cells. CONCLUSION: Our study provides evidence supporting the role of PSMA2 as a regulatory factor in EMT and suggests its potential as a prognostic biomarker for glioma progression.


Assuntos
Glioma , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioma/patologia , Camundongos Nus
2.
Med Eng Phys ; 126: 104139, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621837

RESUMO

Microrecurrent glioma is a common neurological tumor, and the key to its surgical treatment is to accurately evaluate the size, location and degree of recurrence of the lesion. The purpose of this study was to explore the surgical treatment of microrecurrent glioma based on MR Imaging, and to provide accurate and reliable basis for clinical decision-making. Before surgery, detailed MR Imaging tests were performed for each patient to accurately locate and evaluate the characteristics of the lesions. Multimodal imaging examination were arranged to accurate the pre-operation diagnosis. Neuro-navigation is necessary for the operation design and tumor confirmation. Function monitor and intraoperation MR were prepared when necessary.Mini was defined by the size, location and symptoms. In all 5 cases requiring reoperation, total resection was achieved. No systemic and local complications occurred. No permeant neurological dysfunction remained. The average stay time after the operation is days. All patients survived in the recent follow-up. Reoperation of mini recurrent glioma is a good treatment choice. We made little injury to patients, which wouldn't affect their conditions and next therapies. Through MR Imaging, the diagnosis and location of microrecurrent glioma, as well as the relationship with surrounding tissues and the degree of infiltration, provide important information for surgeons to evaluate the resectable lesion. By combining MR And functional imaging results, the blood supply and functional area of the lesion can be monitored in real time during surgery, thereby reducing surgical risk and maximizing the protection of surrounding healthy tissue.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Humanos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
3.
Neurosurg Rev ; 47(1): 160, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625548

RESUMO

The right hemisphere has been underestimated by being considered as the non-dominant hemisphere. However, it is involved in many functions, including movement, language, cognition, and emotion. Therefore, because lesions on this side are usually not resected under awake mapping, there is a risk of unfavorable neurological outcomes. The goal of this study is to compare the functional and oncological outcomes of awake surgery (AwS) versus surgery under general anesthesia (GA) in supratentorial right-sided gliomas. A systematic review of the literature according to PRISMA guidelines was performed up to March 2023. Four databases were screened. Primary outcome to assess was return to work (RTW). Secondary outcomes included the rate of postoperative neurological deficit, postoperative Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) score and the extent of resection (EOR). A total of 32 articles were included with 543 patients who underwent right hemisphere tumor resection under awake surgery and 294 under general anesthesia. There were no significant differences between groups regarding age, gender, handedness, perioperative KPS, tumor location or preoperative seizures. Preoperative and long-term postoperative neurological deficits were statistically lower after AwS (p = 0.03 and p < 0.01, respectively), even though no difference was found regarding early postoperative course (p = 0.32). A subsequent analysis regarding type of postoperative impairment was performed. Severe postoperative language deficits were not different (p = 0.74), but there were fewer long-term mild motor and high-order cognitive deficits (p < 0.05) in AwS group. A higher rate of RTW (p < 0.05) was documented after AwS. The EOR was similar in both groups. Glioma resection of the right hemisphere under awake mapping is a safer procedure with a better preservation of high-order cognitive functions and a higher rate of RTW than resection under general anesthesia, despite similar EOR.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Humanos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Vigília , Anestesia Geral , Cognição , Glioma/cirurgia
4.
Neurosurg Rev ; 47(1): 159, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625588

RESUMO

We aim to investigate the efficacy and safety of laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) in treating recurrent glioblastomas (rGBMs). A comprehensive search was conducted in four databases to identify studies published between January 2001 and June 2022 that reported prognosis information of rGBM patients treated with LITT as the primary therapy. The primary outcomes of interest were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) at 6 and 12 months after LITT intervention. Adverse events and complications were also evaluated. Eight eligible non-comparative studies comprising 128 patients were included in the analysis. Seven studies involving 120 patients provided data for the analysis of PFS. The pooled PFS rate at 6 months after LITT was 25% (95% CI 15-37%, I2 = 53%), and at 12 months, it was 9% (95% CI 4-15%, I2 = 24%). OS analysis was performed on 54 patients from six studies, with an OS rate of 92% (95% CI 84-100%, I2 = 0%) at 6 months and 42% (95% CI 13-73%, I2 = 67%) at 12 months after LITT. LITT demonstrates a favorable safety profile with low complication rates and promising tumor control and overall survival rates in patients with rGBMs. Tumor volume and performance status are important factors that may influence the effectiveness of LITT in selected patients. Additionally, the combination of LITT with immune-based therapy holds promise. Further well-designed clinical trials are needed to expand the application of LITT in glioma treatment.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Glioma , Humanos , Glioblastoma/terapia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Lasers
5.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(5): 290, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627334

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although lomustine has been used as a chemotherapeutic agent for decades, no recommendation on appropriate chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) prophylaxis is available. As CINV is considered one of the most bothersome side effects of chemotherapy, adequate prophylaxis is of relevance to improve quality of life during cancer treatment. The aim of this retrospective case series was to report the incidence and severity of CINV in pediatric patients with high-grade glioma treated with lomustine and to formulate recommendations for appropriate CINV prophylaxis. METHODS: Pediatric patients treated with lomustine for high-grade glioma according to the ACNS 0423 protocol were identified retrospectively. Two researchers independently reviewed and classified complaints of CINV and administered CINV prophylaxis. Treatment details, tumor localization, and response to therapy were systematically extracted from the patients' files. RESULTS: Seventeen children aged 8-18 years received a median of four cycles of lomustine. CINV complaints and administered prophylaxis were evaluable in all patients. Moderate or severe CINV was observed in 13/17 (76%) patients. Administered prophylactic CINV regimens varied from no prophylaxis to triple-agent combinations. CONCLUSION: In this case series, we identified lomustine as a highly emetogenic chemotherapeutic agent. According to the current guidelines, CINV prophylaxis with a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist in combination with dexamethasone and (fos)aprepitant is recommended.


Assuntos
Antieméticos , Antineoplásicos , Glioma , Humanos , Criança , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lomustina/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Náusea/induzido quimicamente , Náusea/prevenção & controle , Náusea/tratamento farmacológico , Vômito/induzido quimicamente , Vômito/tratamento farmacológico , Vômito/prevenção & controle , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1356833, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629068

RESUMO

Background: TGFB-induced factor homeobox 2 (TGIF2), a member of the Three-Amino-acid-Loop-Extension (TALE) superfamily, has been implicated in various malignant tumors. However, its prognostic significance in glioma, impact on tumor immune infiltration, and underlying mechanisms in glioma development remain elusive. Methods: The expression of TGIF2 in various human normal tissues, normal brain tissues, and gliomas was investigated using HPA, TCGA, GTEx, and GEO databases. The study employed several approaches, including Kaplan-Meier analysis, ROC analysis, logistic regression, Cox regression, GO analysis, KEGG analysis, and GSEA, to explore the relationship between TGIF2 expression and clinicopathologic features, prognostic value, and potential biological functions in glioma patients. The impact of TGIF2 on tumor immune infiltration was assessed through Estimate, ssGSEA, and Spearman analysis. Genes coexpressed with TGIF2 were identified, and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of these coexpressed genes were constructed using the STRING database and Cytoscape software. Hub genes were identified using CytoHubba plugin, and their clinical predictive value was explored. Furthermore, in vitro experiments were performed by knocking down and knocking out TGIF2 using siRNA and CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing, and the role of TGIF2 in glioma cell invasion and migration was analyzed using transwell assay, scratch wound-healing assay, RT-qPCR, and Western blot. Results: TGIF2 mRNA was found to be upregulated in 21 cancers, including glioma. High expression of TGIF2 was associated with malignant phenotypes and poor prognosis in glioma patients, indicating its potential as an independent prognostic factor. Furthermore, elevated TGIF2 expression positively correlated with cell cycle regulation, DNA synthesis and repair, extracellular matrix (ECM) components, immune response, and several signaling pathways that promote tumor progression. TGIF2 showed correlations with Th2 cells, macrophages, and various immunoregulatory genes. The hub genes coexpressed with TGIF2 demonstrated significant predictive value. Additionally, in vitro experiments revealed that knockdown and knockout of TGIF2 inhibited glioma cell invasion, migration and suppressed the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype. Conclusion: TGIF2 emerges as a potential biomarker for glioma, possibly linked to tumor immune infiltration and EMT.


Assuntos
Glioma , Humanos , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores , Glioma/diagnóstico , Glioma/genética , Fenótipo , Aminoácidos , Proteínas Repressoras , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética
7.
Cancer Med ; 13(8): e7154, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have improved outcomes in a variety of adult cancers and are prescribed with increasing frequency across oncology. However, patterns of off-label use of ICI in pediatrics remain unclear. METHODS: This is a single-institution, retrospective cohort study evaluating off-label ICI use in pediatric and young adult patients with cancer treated at our institution from 2014 to 2022. Response was based on clinician assessment derived from clinical records. Immune-related adverse events (iRAEs) were classified according to CTCAE v5.0. RESULTS: We identified 50 unique patients treated with off-label ICI (28 with solid tumors, 20 with central nervous system (CNS) tumors, 2 with hematologic malignancies). At time of ICI initiation, only five patients (10%) had localized disease, and all but one patient was treated in the relapsed/refractory setting. All patients were treated with the FDA-approved weight-based dosing recommendations. Overall, there was disease control in 21 patients (42%), with best response including one complete response (melanoma), two partial responses (high-grade glioma, CNS nongerminomatous germ cell tumor), and 18 patients with stable disease. Forty-four patients (88%) eventually experienced disease progression. Among 22 patients (44%) experiencing iRAEs, 10 (20%) had a grade ≥3 irAE, 12 (24%) required corticosteroids, and 14 (28%) required ICI discontinuation. irAE occurrence was associated with significantly improved progression-free survival (HR 0.35; 95% CI: 0.18 to 0.68; p = 0.002) and overall survival (HR 0.33; 95% CI: 0.17 to 0.66; p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: At our institution, ICI was most commonly prescribed in the relapsed/refractory setting to patients with metastatic disease. The treatment was generally well-tolerated in the pediatric population. The overall response rate was low, and the majority of patients eventually experienced disease progression. A few patients, however, had durable treatment responses. Further studies are needed to identify which pediatric patients are most likely to benefit from ICI.


Assuntos
Glioma , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , Criança , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Uso Off-Label , Estudos Retrospectivos , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Progressão da Doença
8.
Nano Lett ; 24(15): 4562-4570, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591327

RESUMO

Heteroions doped Ag2S nanocrystals (NCs) exhibiting enhanced near-infrared-II emission (NIR-II) hold great promise for glioma diagnosis. Nevertheless, current doped Ag2S NCs paradoxically improved properties via toxic dopants, and the blood-brain barrier (BBB) constitutes another challenge for orthotopic glioma imaging. Thus, it is urgent to develop biofriendly high-bright Ag2S NCs with active BBB-penetration for glioma-targeted imaging. Herein, bismuth (Bi) was screened to obtain Bi-Ag2S NCs with high absolute PLQY (∼13.3%) for its matched ionic-radius (1.03 Å) with Ag+. The Bi-Ag2S NCs exhibited a higher luminance and deeper penetration (5-6 mm) than clinical indocyanine green. Upon conjugation with lactoferrin, the NCs acquired BBB-crossing and glioma-targeting abilities. Time-dependent NIR-II-imaging demonstrated their effective accumulation in glioma with skull/scalp intact after intravenous injection. Moreover, the toxic-metal-free NCs exhibited negligible toxicity and great biocompatibility. The success of leveraging the ion-radii comparison may unlock the full potential of doped-Ag2S NCs in bioimaging and inspire the development of various doped NIR-II NCs.


Assuntos
Glioma , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Humanos , Bismuto , Rádio (Anatomia) , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Crânio , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
Acta Neuropathol Commun ; 12(1): 56, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589905

RESUMO

In malignant glioma, cytotoxic drugs are often inhibited from accessing the tumor site due to the blood-tumor barrier (BTB). Ibrutinib, FDA-approved lymphoma agent, inhibits Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) and has previously been shown to independently impair aortic endothelial adhesion and increase rodent glioma model survival in combination with cytotoxic therapy. Yet additional research is required to understand ibrutinib's effect on BTB function. In this study, we detail baseline BTK expression in glioma cells and its surrounding vasculature, then measure endothelial junctional expression/function changes with varied ibrutinib doses in vitro. Rat glioma cells and rodent glioma models were treated with ibrutinib alone (1-10 µM and 25 mg/kg) and in combination with doxil (10-100 µM and 3 mg/kg) to assess additive effects on viability, drug concentrations, tumor volume, endothelial junctional expression and survival. We found that ibrutinib, in a dose-dependent manner, decreased brain endothelial cell-cell adhesion over 24 h, without affecting endothelial cell viability (p < 0.005). Expression of tight junction gene and protein expression was decreased maximally 4 h after administration, along with inhibition of efflux transporter, ABCB1, activity. We demonstrated an additive effect of ibrutinib with doxil on rat glioma cells, as seen by a significant reduction in cell viability (p < 0.001) and increased CNS doxil concentration in the brain (56 ng/mL doxil alone vs. 74.6 ng/mL combination, p < 0.05). Finally, Ibrutinib, combined with doxil, prolonged median survival in rodent glioma models (27 vs. 16 days, p < 0.0001) with brain imaging showing a - 53% versus - 75% volume change with doxil alone versus combination therapy (p < 0.05). These findings indicate ibrutinib's ability to increase brain endothelial permeability via junctional disruption and efflux inhibition, to increase BTB drug entry and prolong rodent glioma model survival. Our results motivate the need to identify other BTB modifiers, all with the intent of improving survival and reducing systemic toxicities.


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Antineoplásicos , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Glioma , Piperidinas , Ratos , Animais , Roedores , Glioma/patologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Barreira Hematoencefálica/patologia , Polietilenoglicóis
10.
Phys Med Biol ; 69(8)2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595094

RESUMO

Objective. Effective fusion of histology slides and molecular profiles from genomic data has shown great potential in the diagnosis and prognosis of gliomas. However, it remains challenging to explicitly utilize the consistent-complementary information among different modalities and create comprehensive representations of patients. Additionally, existing researches mainly focus on complete multi-modality data and usually fail to construct robust models for incomplete samples.Approach. In this paper, we propose adual-space disentangled-multimodal network (DDM-net)for glioma diagnosis and prognosis. DDM-net disentangles the latent features generated by two separate variational autoencoders (VAEs) into common and specific components through a dual-space disentangled approach, facilitating the construction of comprehensive representations of patients. More importantly, DDM-net imputes the unavailable modality in the latent feature space, making it robust to incomplete samples.Main results. We evaluated our approach on the TCGA-GBMLGG dataset for glioma grading and survival analysis tasks. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method achieves superior performance compared to state-of-the-art methods, with a competitive AUC of 0.952 and a C-index of 0.768.Significance. The proposed model may help the clinical understanding of gliomas and can serve as an effective fusion model with multimodal data. Additionally, it is capable of handling incomplete samples, making it less constrained by clinical limitations.


Assuntos
Genômica , Glioma , Humanos , Glioma/diagnóstico , Glioma/genética , Técnicas Histológicas
11.
Oncoimmunology ; 13(1): 2338965, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590799

RESUMO

Immunotherapy has revolutionized the treatment of cancers. Reinvigorating lymphocytes with checkpoint blockade has become a cornerstone of immunotherapy for multiple tumor types, but the treatment of glioblastoma has not yet shown clinical efficacy. A major hurdle to treat GBM with checkpoint blockade is the high degree of myeloid-mediated immunosuppression in brain tumors that limits CD8 T-cell activity. A potential strategy to improve anti-tumor efficacy against glioma is to use myeloid-modulating agents to target immunosuppressive cells, such as myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in the tumor microenvironment. We found that the co-inhibition of the chemokine receptors CCR2 and CCR5 in murine model of glioma improves the survival and synergizes robustly with anti-PD-1 therapy. Moreover, the treatment specifically reduced the infiltration of monocytic-MDSCs (M-MDSCs) into brain tumors and increased lymphocyte abundance and cytokine secretion by tumor-infiltrating CD8 T cells. The depletion of T-cell subsets and myeloid cells abrogated the effects of CCR2 and CCR5 blockade, indicating that while broad depletion of myeloid cells does not improve survival, specific reduction in the infiltration of immunosuppressive myeloid cells, such as M-MDSCs, can boost the anti-tumor immune response of lymphocytes. Our study highlights the potential of CCR2/CCR5 co-inhibition in reducing myeloid-mediated immunosuppression in GBM patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioblastoma , Glioma , Células Supressoras Mieloides , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Células Mieloides/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Microambiente Tumoral , Receptores CCR2 , Receptores CCR5/uso terapêutico
12.
Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars) ; 84(1): 43-50, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587325

RESUMO

This study focused on the association of LINC01270 and computed tomography (CT) signs with glioma development, to evaluate their potential in the early detection of glioma. Serum LINC01270 was evaluated in glioma patients and healthy individuals using PCR. The involvement of LINC01270 in glioma onset and development was evaluated by ROC and chi­square test. The association of LINC01270 with the CT signs and their combined effects in the diagnosis in glioma were also estimated. Serum LINC01270 was significantly elevated in glioma patients, which was closely associated with patients' advanced WHO grades and lower KPS. Both LINC01270 upregulation and CT findings showed significant potential in diagnosing glioma, and LINC01270 correlated significantly with the invasion risk and metastasis indicated on CT. The combination of LINC01270 expression and CT findings significantly improved the sensitivity and specificity of glioma diagnosis. Upregulated LINC01270 in glioma is associated with malignant and severe disease development and has significant diagnostic value. Combined detection of LINC01270 and CT findings could improve the diagnostic efficacy in glioma cases, thus optimizing clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Glioma , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/genética , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Regulação para Cima
13.
J Mol Neurosci ; 74(2): 38, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573391

RESUMO

Disulfidptosis is a newly discovered form of regulatory cell death. However, the identification of disulfidptosis-related molecular subtypes and potential biomarkers in gliomas and their prognostic predictive potential need to be further elucidated. RNA sequencing profiles and the relevant clinical data were obtained from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA). Disulfidptosis-related clusters were identified by unsupervised clustering analysis. Immune cell infiltration analysis and drug sensitivity analysis were used to explore the differences between clusters. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) of differential genes between clusters was performed to explore the potential biological functions and signaling. A disulfidptosis-related scoring system (DRSS) was constructed based on a combined COX and LASSO analysis. Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses were used to further explore the causal relationship between levels of genes in DRSS and an increased risk of glioma. A prognosis nomogram was constructed based on the DRSS and 3 clinical features (age, WHO stage, and IDH status). The accuracy and stability of the prognosis nomogram were also validated in different cohorts. We identified two clusters that exhibited different prognoses, drug sensitivity profiles, and tumor microenvironment infiltration profiles. The overall survival (OS) of Cluster2 was significantly better than Cluster1. Cluster1 had an overall greater infiltration of immune cells compared to Cluster2. However, the Monocytes, activated B cells had higher infiltration abundance in Cluster2. GSEA results showed significant enrichment of immune-related biological processes in Cluster1, while Cluster2 was more enriched for functions related to neurotransmission and regulation. PER3, RAB34, NKX3-2, GPX7, FRA10AC1, and TGIF1 were finally included to construct DRSS. DRSS was independently related to prognosis. There was a significant difference in overall survival between the low-risk score group and the high-risk score group. Among six genes in DRSS, GPX7 levels were demonstrated to have a causal relationship with an increased risk of glioma. GPX7 may become a more promising biomarker for gliomas. The prognosis nomogram constructed based on the DRSS and three clinical features has considerable potential for predicting the prognosis of patients with glioma. Free online software for implementing this nomogram was established:  https://yekun-zhuang.shinyapps.io/DynNomapp/ . Our study established a novel glioma classification based on the disulfidptosis-related molecular subtypes. We constructed the DRSS and the prognosis nomogram to accurately stratify the prognosis of glioma patients. GPX7 was identified as a more promising biomarker for glioma. We provide important insights into the treatment and prognosis of gliomas.


Assuntos
Glioma , Humanos , Biomarcadores , Morte Celular , Glioma/diagnóstico , Glioma/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
14.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7984, 2024 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575630

RESUMO

The extent of surgical resection is an important prognostic factor in the treatment of patients with glioblastoma. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging is one of the adjunctive methods available to achieve the maximal surgical resection. In this study, the tumor margins were visualized with the OCT image obtained from a murine glioma model. A commercialized human glioblastoma cell line (U-87) was employed to develop the orthotopic murine glioma model. A swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) system of 1300 nm was used for three-dimensional imaging. Based on the OCT intensity signal, which was obtained via accumulation of each A-scan data, an en-face optical attenuation coefficient (OAC) map was drawn. Due to the limited working distance of the focused beam, OAC values decrease with depth, and using the OAC difference in the superficial area was chosen to outline the tumor boundary, presenting a challenge in analyzing the tumor margin along the depth direction. To overcome this and enable three-dimensional tumor margin detection, we converted the en-face OAC map into an en-face difference map with x- and y-directions and computed the normalized absolute difference (NAD) at each depth to construct a volumetric NAD map, which was compared with the corresponding H&E-stained image. The proposed method successfully revealed the tumor margin along the peripheral boundaries as well as the margin depth. We believe this method can serve as a useful adjunct in glioma surgery, with further studies necessary for real-world practical applications.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Glioma , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , NAD , Glioma/patologia , Imageamento Tridimensional
15.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 43(1): 105, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lactate has emerged as a critical regulator within the tumor microenvironment, including glioma. However, the precise mechanisms underlying how lactate influences the communication between tumor cells and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), the most abundant immune cells in glioma, remain poorly understood. This study aims to elucidate the impact of tumor-derived lactate on TAMs and investigate the regulatory pathways governing TAM-mediated tumor-promotion in glioma. METHODS: Bioinformatic analysis was conducted using datasets from TCGA and CGGA. Single-cell RNA-seq datasets were analyzed by using UCSC Cell Browser and Single Cell Portal. Cell proliferation and mobility were evaluated through CCK8, colony formation, wound healing, and transwell assays. Western blot and immunofluorescence staining were applied to assess protein expression and cell distribution. RT-PCR and ELISA were employed to identify the potential secretory factors. Mechanistic pathways were explored by western blotting, ELISA, shRNA knockdown, and specific inhibitors and activators. The effects of pathway blockades were further assessed using subcutaneous and intracranial xenograft tumor models in vivo. RESULTS: Elevated expressions of LDHA and MCT1 were observed in glioma and exhibited a positive correlation with M2-type TAM infiltration. Lactate derived from glioma cells induced TAMs towards M2-subtype polarization, subsequently promoting glioma cells proliferation, migration, invasion, and mesenchymal transition. GPR65, highly expressed on TAMs, sensed lactate-stimulation in the TME, fueling glioma cells malignant progression through the secretion of HMGB1. GPR65 on TAMs triggered HMGB1 release in response to lactate stimulation via the cAMP/PKA/CREB signaling pathway. Disrupting this feedback loop by GPR65-knockdown or HMGB1 inhibition mitigated glioma progression in vivo. CONCLUSION: These findings unveil the intricate interplay between TAMs and tumor cells mediated by lactate and HMGB1, driving tumor progression in glioma. GPR65, selectively highly expressed on TAMs in glioma, sensed lactate stimulation and fostered HMGB1 secretion via the cAMP/PKA/CREB signaling pathway. Blocking this feedback loop presents a promising therapeutic strategy for GBM.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Proteína HMGB1 , Humanos , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Glioma/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612758

RESUMO

The prevention of tumor recurrence by the successful targeting of glioma stem cells endowed with a tumor-initiating capacity is deemed the key to the long-term survival of glioblastoma patients. Glioma stem cells are characterized by their marked therapeutic resistance; however, recent evidence suggests that they have unique vulnerabilities that may be therapeutically targeted. We investigated MDM2 expression levels in glioma stem cells and their non-stem cell counterparts and the effects of the genetic and pharmacological inhibition of MDM2 on the viability of these cells as well as downstream molecular pathways. The results obtained showed that MDM2 expression was substantially higher in glioma stem cells than in their non-stem cell counterparts and also that the inhibition of MDM2, either genetically or pharmacologically, induced a more pronounced activation of the p53 pathway and apoptotic cell death in the former than in the latter. Specifically, the inhibition of MDM2 caused a p53-dependent increase in the expression of BAX and PUMA and a decrease in the expression of survivin, both of which significantly contributed to the apoptotic death of glioma stem cells. The present study identified the MDM2-p53 axis as a novel therapeutic vulnerability, or an Achilles' heel, which is unique to glioma stem cells. Our results, which suggest that non-stem, bulk tumor cells are less sensitive to MDM2 inhibitors, may help guide the selection of glioblastoma patients suitable for MDM2 inhibitor therapy.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Glioma , Humanos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/genética , Apoptose , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/genética
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612777

RESUMO

High-grade gliomas (HGGs) and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are characterized by a heterogeneous and aggressive population of tissue-infiltrating cells that promote both destructive tissue remodeling and aberrant vascularization of the brain. The formation of defective and permeable blood vessels and microchannels and destructive tissue remodeling prevent efficient vascular delivery of pharmacological agents to tumor cells and are the significant reason why therapeutic chemotherapy and immunotherapy intervention are primarily ineffective. Vessel-forming endothelial cells and microchannel-forming glial cells that recapitulate vascular mimicry have both infiltration and destructive remodeling tissue capacities. The transmembrane protein TMEM230 (C20orf30) is a master regulator of infiltration, sprouting of endothelial cells, and microchannel formation of glial and phagocytic cells. A high level of TMEM230 expression was identified in patients with HGG, GBM, and U87-MG cells. In this study, we identified candidate genes and molecular pathways that support that aberrantly elevated levels of TMEM230 play an important role in regulating genes associated with the initial stages of cell infiltration and blood vessel and microchannel (also referred to as tumor microtubule) formation in the progression from low-grade to high-grade gliomas. As TMEM230 regulates infiltration, vascularization, and tissue destruction capacities of diverse cell types in the brain, TMEM230 is a promising cancer target for heterogeneous HGG tumors.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Glioma , Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Glioblastoma/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Células Endoteliais , 60489 , Glioma/genética , Neuroglia , Neovascularização Patológica/genética
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612890

RESUMO

The endoplasmic reticulum maintains proteostasis, which can be disrupted by oxidative stress, nutrient deprivation, hypoxia, lack of ATP, and toxicity caused by xenobiotic compounds, all of which can result in the accumulation of misfolded proteins. These stressors activate the unfolded protein response (UPR), which aims to restore proteostasis and avoid cell death. However, endoplasmic response-associated degradation (ERAD) is sometimes triggered to degrade the misfolded and unassembled proteins instead. If stress persists, cells activate three sensors: PERK, IRE-1, and ATF6. Glioma cells can use these sensors to remain unresponsive to chemotherapeutic treatments. In such cases, the activation of ATF4 via PERK and some proteins via IRE-1 can promote several types of cell death. The search for new antitumor compounds that can successfully and directly induce an endoplasmic reticulum stress response ranges from ligands to oxygen-dependent metabolic pathways in the cell capable of activating cell death pathways. Herein, we discuss the importance of the ER stress mechanism in glioma and likely therapeutic targets within the UPR pathway, as well as chemicals, pharmaceutical compounds, and natural derivatives of potential use against gliomas.


Assuntos
Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Glioma , Humanos , Resposta a Proteínas não Dobradas , Retículo Endoplasmático , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Preparações Farmacêuticas
19.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(8): e18208, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613347

RESUMO

Increasing evidences have found that the interactions between hypoxia, immune response and metabolism status in tumour microenvironment (TME) have clinical importance of predicting clinical outcomes and therapeutic efficacy. This study aimed to develop a reliable molecular stratification based on these key components of TME. The TCGA data set (training cohort) and two independent cohorts from CGGA database (validation cohort) were enrolled in this study. First, the enrichment score of 277 TME-related signalling pathways was calculated by gene set variation analysis (GSVA). Then, consensus clustering identified four stable and reproducible subtypes (AFM, CSS, HIS and GLU) based on TME-related signalling pathways, which were characterized by differences in hypoxia and immune responses, metabolism status, somatic alterations and clinical outcomes. Among the four subtypes, HIS subtype had features of immunosuppression, oxygen deprivation and active energy metabolism, resulting in a worst prognosis. Thus, for better clinical application of this acquired stratification, we constructed a risk signature by using the LASSO regression model to identify patients in HIS subtype accurately. We found that the risk signature could accurately screen out the patients in HIS subtype and had important reference value for individualized treatment of glioma patients. In brief, the definition of the TME-related subtypes was a valuable tool for risk stratification in gliomas. It might serve as a reliable prognostic classifier and provide rational design of individualized treatment, and follow-up scheduling for patients with gliomas.


Assuntos
Glioma , Microambiente Tumoral , Humanos , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Metabolismo Energético , Análise por Conglomerados , Glioma/diagnóstico , Glioma/genética , Hipóxia
20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(8): e18245, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613356

RESUMO

Diffuse paediatric-type high-grade glioma, H3-wildtype and IDH-wildtype (H3/IDH-wt-pHGG) is a newly defined entity amongst brain tumours, primarily reported in children. It is a rare, ill-defined type of tumour and the only method to diagnose it is DNA methylation profiling. The case we report here carries new knowledge about this tumour which may, in fact, occur in elderly patients, be devoid of evocative genomic abnormalities reported in children and harbour a misleading mutation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Substância Branca , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Genômica , Lobo Occipital/diagnóstico por imagem
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