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1.
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol ; 53(1): 37-51, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37036440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In a sample of Mexican American adolescents (N = 398; 51% females; aged 13-17), we examined the associations between psychological distress, COVID-19 household economic stress, COVID-19 academic stress, and whether these associations varied by adolescents' gender and by parents/caregivers' essential worker status. METHOD: First, linear regression models assessed the main effects of household economic and academic stress on psychological distress. Second, the moderating effects of gender and parents/caregivers' essential worker status on the association between household economic and academic stress, and psychological distress were examined. Third, the three-way interaction effect of household economic stress, gender, and parents/caregivers' essential worker status on psychological distress as well as the three-way interaction effect of academic stress, gender, and parents/caregivers' essential worker status on psychological distress were calculated. RESULTS: Household economic and academic stress were associated with psychological distress. However, these associations did not vary based on adolescents' gender or parents/caregivers' essential worker status. The three-way interaction for household economic stress, parents/caregivers' essential worker status, and gender for psychological distress was significant. Specifically, the effects of household economic stress on psychological distress was worse for boys than girls whose parents/caregivers were essential workers. Furthermore, the three-way interaction among academic stress, parents/caregivers' essential worker status, and gender was significant. Particularly, the effects of academic stress when grades were worse on adolescents' psychological distress was worse for boys than girls whose parents/caregivers were essential workers. CONCLUSION: Parents/caregivers' essential worker status was salient among Mexican American adolescents' mental health outcomes during COVID-19, particularly for adolescent boys.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Americanos Mexicanos , Estresse Psicológico , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cuidadores/economia , Cuidadores/psicologia , COVID-19/economia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/etnologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Identidade de Gênero , Americanos Mexicanos/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/economia , Estresse Psicológico/etnologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estresse Financeiro/etnologia , Estresse Financeiro/psicologia , Emprego/economia , Emprego/psicologia , Categorias de Trabalhadores/psicologia
2.
J Occup Health Psychol ; 29(1): 1-13, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37956049

RESUMO

Perspective taking is encouraged by organizations as a form of supporting coworkers. Yet, its impact on employees' and coworkers' well-being is not well understood. We, therefore, take a dyadic approach to understand the daily dynamics of employees' perspective taking, its benefits for coworkers, and its costs for employees themselves. Specifically, we draw from self-regulation theory to examine the double-edged sword of perspective taking for one's own and one's coworker's well-being (reflected by subjective vitality). With regard to coworker well-being, we take an other-oriented resource lens and theorize that the focal employee's perspective taking increases the coworker's received support and well-being. With regard to the focal employee's well-being, we take a self-oriented resource lens and theorize that perspective taking increases the focal employee's self-regulatory resource depletion, which impairs their well-being. We examined our research model in a dyadic experience sampling study with three daily measurement occasions over 2 working weeks in a sample of 89 coworker dyads (178 individuals). Multilevel analyses showed that perspective taking had a positive indirect effect on coworker well-being via received coworker support, while it had a negative indirect effect on the focal employee's well-being via self-regulatory resource depletion. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Relações Interpessoais , Categorias de Trabalhadores , Humanos
3.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 43(1): 88-104, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37787539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to inform our hypothesis that the workplace toileting environment may impact lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS); we examined the prevalence of LUTS across occupational groups in the Boston Area Community Health Survey. METHODS: At baseline, women (n = 3205) reported their occupation and frequency of 15 LUTS. Using the US Department of Labor's Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system, we categorized women into 11 standard occupational groups. Prevalence ratios (PRs) were calculated by log-link generalized linear models, adjusting for age, race, education, fluid intake, and parity. Women classified in Office and Administrative Support were used as the reference group given their potential for fewer workplace toileting restrictions. RESULTS: Of the 3189 women with complete data, 68% of women reported any LUTS, ranging from 57% to 82% across the SOCs. Relative to women in Office and Administrative Support (n = 576), women in Computing, Engineering, and Science (n = 64) were more likely to report any LUTS (PR = 1.2, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.0-1.4) and urinating again in <2 h (PR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.4-2.2), and women in Education, Legal, Community Service, Arts, and Media (n = 477), as well as Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations (n = 162), were less likely to report perceived frequent daytime urination (PR = 0.6, 95% CI: 0.5-0.9 and PR = 0.6, 95% CI: 0.4-0.9, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Our cross-sectional findings suggest that urination frequency varies across understudied occupational groups with various workplace toileting environments. Future studies should examine this relationship prospectively to inform the influence of workplace toileting environments on urination frequency, as well as the development and/or worsening of LUTS.


Assuntos
Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior , Categorias de Trabalhadores , Toaletes , Condições de Trabalho , Feminino , Humanos , Boston/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/epidemiologia , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Condições de Trabalho/normas , Condições de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Toaletes/normas , Toaletes/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 60: e23379, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533994

RESUMO

Abstract There are a limited number of studies examining the effects of the pandemic on the daily lives of Turkish community pharmacists, and no research investigating the impact on the lives of Turkish hospital pharmacists has been found. This study aimed to examine the effects of the pandemic on the personal and professional lives of Turkish community pharmacists and hospital pharmacists. In this qualitative study design, a comprehensive set of interviews was conducted with a total of 13 community pharmacists and 7 hospital pharmacists, employing a semi-structured interview guide. Through thematic content analysis of the interviews, four main themes, 1) long-term impacts, 2) dealing strategies, 3) professional life impacts, 4) personal life impacts, have emerged for both community pharmacists and hospital pharmacists. In addition to the psychological impacts and supply chain issues commonly mentioned in the literature, the study revealed ongoing effects such as the inability to sell available products and economic difficulties. Also, the increased demand for over-the-counter products during the pandemic highlights the need for the government to develop policies to address this issue.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Farmacêuticos/classificação , Serviços Básicos de Saúde , COVID-19/patologia , Pandemias/classificação , Categorias de Trabalhadores/classificação
5.
Pan Afr. med. j ; 47(NA)2024. figures, tables
Artigo em Inglês | AIM (África) | ID: biblio-1531985

RESUMO

A human resource base that ensures appropriate deployment of staff to emergencies, addressing different shock events in emergencies, without disrupting continuity of service is germane to a successful response. Consequently, the WHO Health Emergencies programme in the African Region, in collaboration with Africa Centre for Disease Control (ACDC) launched the African Volunteer Health Corps (AVoHC) and Strengthening and Utilization of Response Group for Emergencies (SURGE), an initiative aimed at ensuring a pool of timely responders. We explored the willingness of WHO staff to work in emergencies. A call for expression of interest to be part of the Elite Emergency Experts (Triple E) was published on 5th July 2022 via email and was open for 5 weeks. The responses were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics and presented with graphic illustrations. A total of 1253 WHO staff, from all the six WHO regions, cutting across all cadre, applied to the call. The applicants had various trainings and experiences in emergency and have responded to mostly disease outbreaks. Two-third of the applicants were males. This paper did not explore reasons for the willingness to work in emergencies. However, contrary to fears expressed in literature that health workers would not want to work in emergencies with potential for infections, the applicants have worked mostly in infectious emergencies. Literature identified some themes on factors that could impact on willingness of health workers to work in emergencies. These include concerns for the safety of the responders and impact of partners, child and elderly care, as well as other family obligations, which emergency planners must consider in planning emergency response.


Assuntos
Assistência Individualizada de Saúde , África , Atenção à Saúde , Medo , Serviços de Saúde , Categorias de Trabalhadores
6.
Univ. salud ; 25(3): [C18-C22], septiembre-diciembre. 2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531205

RESUMO

Introduction: Judicially demanding the right to health involves different elements and can lead to changes in continuing education programs. The current trend is to follow this pathway to access low-frequency and high-cost medications. In addition, the Constitutional Court of Costa Rica requests a technical concept from forensic doctors. Objective: To raise the need for continuous updating in specific theoretical-practical academic knowledge required by forensic doctors to guarantee the right to health services. Reflection: The training of forensic medical doctors is focused on evidence and encourages continuous education. Nevertheless, a commitment is necessary in continuing medical education programs such as literature search strategies, critical assessment of evidence, and academic practices that incorporate particular circumstances comparing them with scientific studies. These programs must take into account prevalent medications and pathologies as well as technical-scientific factors that differ in each service provider. Conclusion: A continuing education program about the interpretation and assessment of scientific evidence for proper decision making on health issues would allow medical doctors to judge existing health problems and choose a medication that is the most beneficial for a patient.


Introducción: La judicialización del derecho a la salud involucra a distintos actores y puede propiciar cambios en programas de educación continua; pues la tendencia actual es recurrir a esta vía para acceder a medicamentos de baja frecuencia y alto costo. Adicionalmente, en Costa Rica la Sala Constitucional solicita el criterio técnico a médicos forenses. Objetivo: Plantear la necesidad de actualización continua en conocimientos académicos teóricos-prácticos específicos que requiere el médico forense para garantizar el derecho a los servicios de salud. Reflexión: El médico forense cuenta con formación basada en evidencias y se incentiva su formación continua, sin embargo, es necesario un compromiso con los programas de educación médica continua: en estrategias de búsqueda de literatura, valoración crítica de la evidencia encontrada y práctica académica que incorpore las circunstancias particulares, comparándolo con los resultados de estudios científicos; tomando en cuenta medicamentos y patologías prevalentes y los factores técnico-científicos de divergencia entre los prestadores de servicios. Conclusión: Un programa de formación continua sobre interpretación y valoración de la evidencia científica para la toma de decisiones en salud, permitiría a estos especialistas responder con mejor criterio si un medicamento es el tratamiento más beneficioso para un paciente debido a sus problemas de salud.


Introdução: A judicialização do direito à saúde envolve diferentes atores e pode promover mudanças nos programas de educação continuada; porque a tendência atual é recorrer a esta via para ter acesso a medicamentos de baixa frequência e alto custo. Além disso, na Costa Rica, o Tribunal Constitucional solicita critérios técnicos aos médicos forenses. Objetivo: Levantar a necessidade de atualização contínua em conhecimentos acadêmicos teórico-práticos específicos que o médico forense necessita para garantir o direito aos serviços de saúde. Reflexão: O médico forense tem formação baseada em evidências e sua formação continuada é incentivada, porém é necessário o compromisso com programas de educação médica continuada: em estratégias de busca bibliográfica, avaliação crítica das evidências encontradas e prática acadêmica que incorpore as circunstâncias particulares , comparando-o com resultados de estudos científicos; levando em consideração medicamentos e patologias prevalentes e fatores técnico-científicos de divergência entre prestadores de serviços. Conclusão: Um programa de formação contínua sobre interpretação e avaliação de evidências científicas para a tomada de decisões em saúde, permitiria a estes especialistas responder com melhores critérios se um medicamento é o tratamento mais benéfico para um paciente devido aos seus problemas de saúde.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Atenção à Saúde , Educação , Categorias de Trabalhadores , Pessoal de Saúde , Educação Profissionalizante , Direito à Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
7.
RECIIS (Online) ; 17(4): 773-784, out.-dez. 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1531312

RESUMO

O estudo apresentado neste artigo investigou o contexto em que se dá o trabalho de entregadores via aplicativos, levando em consideração problemas agravados pela pandemia de covid-19, tais como: o fato de ser realizado na rua, o sucateamento de direitos trabalhistas e sua precarização com o fenômeno de uberização. Os resultados apontam impactos negativos na saúde biopsicossocial desses entregadores, evidenciando uma queda da remuneração e uma maior exposição ao vírus. Dentre os impactos, destacam-se o aumento de processos psicopatológicos, além do medo em relação à iminente possibilidade de contrair o coronavírus e contaminar sua rede de apoio social. Desta maneira, conclui-se que a pandemia de covid-19, aliada a políticas de sucateamento dos direitos trabalhistas influenciam diretamente a saúde biopsicossocial desses trabalhadores, empurrando-os para a margem do trabalho formal e potencializando o processo de uberização relacionado a esse modelo de trabalho informal


The study presented in this article examined the work context of delivery drivers via apps, taking into account the problems aggravated by the covid-19 pandemic such as: the fact that the work is carried out on the street, the scrapping of labour rights and the precariousness of their work, due to the phenomenon of uberization. The results reveal negative impacts on the biopsychosocial health of these delivery drivers, highlighting a drop in remuneration and a greater exposure to the virus. Among these impacts, the increase in psychopathological processes as well as the fear of the imminent possibility of contracting the corona-virus and contaminating their social support network are the most visible. In this way, it is concluded that the covid-19 pandemic combined with policies to scrap labour rights have influence on the biopsychosocial health of these workers, pushing them to the margins of formal employement and intensifying the uberiza-tion process related to this informal work model


L'étude presentée dans cet article a examiné le contexte dans lequel des livreurs par l'entremise d'appli-cations travaillent, en tenant compte des problèmes aggravés par la pandémie de covid-19, tels que: le fait que le travail soit effectué dans la rue, la supression des droits du travail et sa précarisation causé par le phénomène d'ubérisation. Les résultats indiquent des impacts négatifs sur la santé biopsychosociale de ces livreurs, montrant une baisse des rémunérations et une plus grande exposition au virus. Parmi ces impacts, attirent l'attention l'augmentation des processus psychopathologiques, de la même manière que la crainte de la possibilité imminente de contracter le coronavirus et de contaminer leur réseau de soutien social. Il est conclu que la pandémie de covid-19 combinée aux politiques de suppression des droits du travail influent directement sur la santé biopsychosociale de ces travailleurs, en les poussant en marge du travail formel et en renforçant le processus d'ubérisation lié à ce modèle de travail informel


Assuntos
Humanos , Saúde Ocupacional , COVID-19 , Condições de Trabalho , Categorias de Trabalhadores , Revisão
8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 23(1): 674, 2023 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37817091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Essential workers carry a higher risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 mortality than individuals working in non-essential activities. Scientific studies on COVID-19 risk factors and clinical courses for humanitarian aid workers (HAW) specifically are lacking. The nature of their work brings HAW in proximity to various populations, therefore potentially exposing them to the virus. The objective of this study is to assess severity degrees of COVID-19 in relation to multiple risk factors in a cohort of HAW. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of data collected by the Staff Health Unit of the International Committee of the Red Cross, over 12 months (February 2021 - January 2022). Prevalence of demographic and health risk factors and outcome events were calculated. Factors associated with disease severity were explored in univariable and multivariable logistic regression models. Resulting OR were reported with 95%CI and p-values from Wald Test. P-values < 0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: We included 2377 patients. The mean age was 39.5y.o. Two thirds of the patients were males, and 3/4 were national staff. Most cases (3/4) were reported by three regions (Africa, Asia and Middle East). Over 95% of patients were either asymptomatic or presented mild symptoms, 9 died (CFR 0.38%). Fifty-two patients were hospitalised and 7 needed a medical evacuation outside the country of assignment. A minority (14.76%) of patients had at least one risk factor for severe disease; the most recorded one was high blood pressure (4.6%). Over 55% of cases occurred during the predominance of Delta Variant of Concern. All pre-existing risk factors were significantly associated with a moderate or higher severity of the disease (except pregnancy and immunosuppression). CONCLUSIONS: We found strong epidemiological evidence of associations between comorbidities, old age, and the severity of COVID-19. Increased occupational risks of moderate to severe forms of COVID-19 do not only depend on workplace safety but also on social contacts and context.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Exposição Ocupacional , Categorias de Trabalhadores , Cruz Vermelha , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , COVID-19/classificação , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Cruz Vermelha/organização & administração , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Categorias de Trabalhadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Altruísmo , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
PLoS One ; 18(8): e0289803, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37616295

RESUMO

High-quality regional development should be promoted by facilitating inter-regional mobility of heterogeneous labor force to optimize its spatial allocation. This study incorporates skill relatedness into spatial categorization and selection effects, and explores how skill-relatedness affects the location choice of heterogeneous labor force. To do so, we use labor force migration data and employee data by occupation subcategory from the 2000 National Population Census and 2015 National Population Sample Survey. The empirical evidence provides three major findings. First, there are significant regional differences in labor migration rates by the occupational group between cities in China, and the trend is increasing. Regional concentration of location choice is increasing and six significant agglomerations are formed. Second, skill relatedness positively affects the location choice of the heterogeneous labor force in Chinese cities. When cities' skill-relatedness is more robust, influence on labor location choice is more remarkable. In cities with high-size classes, the effect of high-skill relatedness on labor location choice is higher. Third, labor force with solid skill relatedness with regional employment moves to the location owing to the spatial sorting effect. Labor force without skill relatedness or weak relatedness moves out or does not move to the location owing to the spatial selection effect.


Assuntos
Povo Asiático , Cidades , Emprego , Categorias de Trabalhadores , Dinâmica Populacional , Humanos , China , Análise Espacial
11.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1092018, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37601175

RESUMO

Introduction: Assessing the likelihood of engaging in high-risk sexual behavior can assist in delivering tailored educational interventions. The objective of this study was to identify the most effective algorithm and assess high-risk sexual behaviors within the last six months through the utilization of machine-learning models. Methods: The survey conducted in the Longhua District CDC, Shenzhen, involved 2023 participants who were employees of 16 different factories. The data was collected through questionnaires administered between October 2019 and November 2019. We evaluated the model's overall predictive classification performance using the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. All analyses were performed using the open-source Python version 3.9.12. Results: About a quarter of the factory workers had engaged in risky sexual behavior in the past 6 months. Most of them were Han Chinese (84.53%), hukou in foreign provinces (85.12%), or rural areas (83.19%), with junior high school education (55.37%), personal monthly income between RMB3,000 (US$417.54) and RMB4,999 (US$695.76; 64.71%), and were workers (80.67%). The random forest model (RF) outperformed all other models in assessing risky sexual behavior in the past 6 months and provided acceptable performance (accuracy 78%; sensitivity 11%; specificity 98%; PPV 63%; ROC 84%). Discussion: Machine learning has aided in evaluating risky sexual behavior within the last six months. Our assessment models can be integrated into government or public health departments to guide sexual health promotion and follow-up services.


Assuntos
Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Aprendizado de Máquina , Categorias de Trabalhadores , Comportamento Sexual , Humanos , Algoritmos , Povo Asiático , China , Instalações Industriais e de Manufatura , Categorias de Trabalhadores/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Saúde Sexual
12.
Vínculo ; 20(1): 86-94, 20230000.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513103

RESUMO

Considerando que um grupo é um agenciamento de vínculos intersubjetivos, que permite a expressão de relações entre vários sujeitos, o objetivo deste artigo é discutir a importância dos espaços de simbolização direcionados às equipes profissionais, no que se refere ao impacto destas ações na implementação de políticas públicas. Para esta discussão utilizar-se-á de uma experiência de campo profissional objeto de discussão no processo de doutorado. Participou do campo um grupo de educadores de oficinas culturais e artísticas (oficineiros de cultura) em uma intervenção de Grupo Operativo. Essa equipe profissional (participantes do campo) era composta por doze servidores públicos da Secretaria Municipal de Cultura (SMC) de uma cidade no interior de São Paulo. A duração da intervenção de Grupo Operativo foi de um ano. O trabalho permitiu compreender a importância de espaços que permitam trabalhar/simbolizar as experiências das equipes, no trabalho realizado durante a implementação das políticas: as experiências podem ser elaboradas e reconstruídas, a partir do que é depositado sobre a equipe, seja pela instituição na qual trabalham ou pelos usuários.


Whereas a group is an agency of intersubjective links, which allows the expression of relationships between several subjects, the aim of this article is to discuss the importance of symbolization spaces directed at professional teams, regarding the impact of these actions on the implementation of public policies. For this discussion, field experience will be used the professional subject of discussion in the doctoral process. A group of educators of cultural and artistic workshops (culture "coordinators" named in Brazil "culture oficineiros") in an Operative Group intervention. This professional team (field participants) was composed of twelve public servers of the Municipal Secretariat of Culture (SMC) of a city in the interior of São Paulo. The duration of the Operative Group intervention was one year. The work made it possible to understand the importance of spaces that allow working/symbolizing the experiences of the teams, in the work implementation of policies: experiences can be developed and developed by the reconstructed, from what is deposited on the team, either by the institution in which they work or by users.


Considerando que un grupo es una agencia de vínculos intersubjetivos, que permite la expresión de relaciones entre varios temas, el objetivo de este artículo es discutir la importancia de simbolización dirigida a los equipos profesionales, sobre el impacto de estas acciones en la implementación de políticas públicas. Para esta discusión, se utilizará una experiencia de campo, tema profesional de discusión en el proceso de doctorado. Un grupo de educadores de talleres culturales y artísticos (coordinadores de cultura llamados "oficineiros de cultura" en Brasil) en una intervención de Grupo Operativo. Este equipo profesional (participantes de campo) estaba compuesto por doce servidores autoridades de la Secretaría Municipal de Cultura (SMC) de una ciudad del interior de São Paulo. La duración de la intervención del Grupo Operativo fue de un año. El trabajo permitió comprender la importancia de los espacios que permiten trabajar/simbolizar las experiencias de los equipos, en el trabajo de implementación de políticas: las experiencias pueden ser elaborados y reconstruidos, a partir de lo depositado en el equipo, ya sea por la institución en la que trabajan o por los usuarios.


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicologia Social , Psicoterapia de Grupo , Educação , Categorias de Trabalhadores
13.
Salud trab. (Maracay) ; 31(1): 51-58, jun. 2023. tab.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1452214

RESUMO

Introducción: COVID-19 no solamente tuvo efectos en la salud física de las personas, se sumó a una serie de otras problemáticas que afectarán la salud de las personas a mediano y largo plazo. El objetivo de la investigación fue identificar la percepción del nivel de actividad física, calidad de vida y bienestar psicológico de trabajadores y trabajadoras de una comunidad universitaria chilena durante la pandemia COVID-19. Se aplicó una encuesta online durante los meses de junio y julio de 2022 a285 sujetos, 65% mujeres y 35% hombres, de estamentos, administrativo y académicos (64% y 36% respectivamente). Los resultados indican que un 58% disminuyó su actividad física durante la pandemia en el 2020 y un 51% durante el año 2021. Un 52% señala que aumentó de peso corporal durante el 2020 y un 46% durante el 2021. En relación a su bienestar psicológico, un 49% percibe que empeoró durante el año 2020 y un 36% declara lo mismo para el año 2021.Conclusiones: La pandemia por COVID-19, generó efectos negativos en la actividad física, calidad de vida y bienestar psicológico de las personas. El desafío para las instituciones de educación superior es desarrollar programas para fomentar la promoción y prevención en salud para la comunidad universitaria en un contexto postpandémico(AU)


Introduction: COVID-19 not only had effects on people's physical health, it added to a series of other problems that will affect people's health in the medium and long term. The objective was to identify the perception of the level of physical activity, quality of life and psychological wellbeing of workers in a Chilean university community during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study was developed under a quantitative paradigm, it was descriptive cross-sectional. An online survey was applied during the months of June and July 2022 to 285 subjects, 65% women and 35% men, from estates, administrative and academic (64% and 36% respectively). The results indicate that 58% decreased their physical activity during the pandemic in 2020 and 51% during 2021. 52% say they increased body weight during 2020 and 46% during 2021. In relation to their psychological well-being, 49% perceive that it worsened during the year 2020, and 36% declare the same for the year 2021.Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic generated negative effects on people's physical activity, quality of life and psychological well-being. The challenge for higher education institutions is to develop programs to foster health promotion and prevention for the university community in a post-pandemic context(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , COVID-19 , Bem-Estar Psicológico/psicologia , Percepção , Universidades , Peso Corporal , Aumento de Peso , Inquéritos e Questionários , Categorias de Trabalhadores
14.
Salud trab. (Maracay) ; 31(1): 73-86, jun. 2023. tab., ilus.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1452223

RESUMO

La pandemia por COVID-19 resultó un problema para la salud pública mundial, que impactó particularmente al sector de trabajadores que debían trabajar y estar expuestos durante el periodo de cuarentena. Objetivo, analizar la incidencia de COVID-19 y sus características en trabajadores(as) activos(as) durante 34 semanas. Investigación descriptiva y transversal. Población constituida por todos los trabajadores(as) activos de sectores priorizados, con diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19. De los 1.186 casos confirmados, 658 casos (55%) correspondió a trabajadores activos, una incidencia de 1,7 casos x 1000 (mayor a la esperada), con predominio en trabajadores(as) del sector salud (267casos), choferes del transporte y trabajadores de funerarias (253 casos). El 68,7% menor de 40 años y predominio del sexo masculino (61,2%). En el personal de salud, el 30% correspondió a personal de enfermería y 22% en médicos. La tasa de mortalidad en la población de trabajadores activos fue de 0,07 x cada 1000, con un índice de mortalidad de 0,05 y un índice de recuperación del 95,5%, comportamiento similar al de la población general. Sin embargo, la tasa de letalidad (trabajadores activos positivos fallecidos) fue del 4,4% (29 casos), donde el 75% (22/29) fueron enfermeras y médicos, lo que confirmó al sector salud y trabajadores(as) de servicios, como población trabajadora altamente expuesta y vulnerable, lo que justificó priorizar las medidas de prevención en estos trabajadores, al iniciar el sistema de vigilancia epidemiológica, la vacunación y la dotación con uso adecuado de la protección personal(AU)


The COVID-19 Pandemic was a problem for global public health, which particularly impacted the sector of workers who had to work and were exposed during the quarantine period. The objective was to analyze the incidence of COVID- 19 and its characteristics in active workers during 34 weeks. Descriptive and cross-sectional research. Population made up of all active workers in prioritized sectors, with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19. Of the 1,186 confirmed cases, 658 cases (55%) corresponded to active workers, an incidence of 1.7 cases per 1,000 (higher than expected), with a predominance of workers in the health sector (267 cases), transport drivers and funeral home workers (253 cases). 68.7% under 40 years of age and predominance of the male sex (61.2%). In health personnel, 30% corresponded to nursing personnel and 22% to doctors. The mortality rate in the population of active workers was 0.07 x every 1000, with a mortality rate of 0.05 and a recovery rate of 95.5%, behavior similar to that of the general population. However, the fatality rate (deceased positive active workers) was 4.4% (29 cases), where 75% (22/29) were nurses and doctors, which confirmed the health sector and service workers, as a highly exposed and vulnerable working population, which justified prioritizing prevention measures in these workers, by initiating the epidemiological surveillance system, vaccination and provision with adequate use of personal protection(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Venezuela/epidemiologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos de Coortes , Categorias de Trabalhadores
15.
RECIIS (Online) ; 17(2): 444-450, abr.-jun.,2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442481

RESUMO

Esta resenha analisa o filme Quando falta o ar, de Ana Petta e Helena Petta (Brasil, 2021). O documentário mostra o trabalho diário de trabalhadoras e trabalhadores do sistema público de saúde brasileiro durante a pandemia de covid-19. Com foco no cuidado e revelando a face humana da luta coletiva, o filme evidencia a interseção entre saúde, religiosidade, desigualdade e racismo estrutural em várias regiões do país, ao mesmo tempo em que se articula, na forma e conteúdo, com os princípios doutrinários do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS): universalidade, equidade e integralidade. Ao chegar às telas de cinema e às plataformas de streaming, o documentário cumpre um importante papel de comunicação sobre o SUS, presente em todos os 5.570 municípios do país e do qual mais de 160 milhões de pessoas dependem exclusivamente para ter acesso a serviços de saúde


This review analyzes the movie Quando falta o ar (When there is out of breath), by Ana Petta and Helena Petta (Brazil, 2021). The documentary shows the daily work of workers involved in the Brazilian public health system during the covid-19 pandemic. With a focus on care and revealing the human face of the collective struggle, the film highlights the intersection between health, religiosity, inequality and structural racism in different regions of Brazil; at the same time, it is associated in form and content with the doctrinal principles of the SUS ­ Sistema Único de Saúde (Unified Health System): universality, equity and integral-ity. With its broadcast on cinema screens and on streaming platforms, the documentary plays a key role in communicating about the SUS, present in all 5.570 Brazilian municipalities and of which more than 160 million of people depend on exclusively in order to access the health services


Esta reseña analiza la película Quando falta o ar (Cuando hay falta de aire), de Ana Petta y Helena Petta (Brasil, 2021). El documental muestra el trabajo diario de trabajadores del sistema público de salud brasileño durante la pandemia de covid-19. Con un enfoque de cuidado y revelando la cara humana de la lucha colectiva, la película destaca la intersección entre la salud, la religiosidad, la desigualdad y el racismo estructural en varias regiones de Brasil, al mismo tiempo que se articula en forma y contenido con los principios doctrinales del SUS ­ Sistema Único de Saúde (Sistema Único de Salud): universalidad, equidad e integralidad. Al llegar a las pantallas de cine y a las plataformas de streaming, el documental cumple una importante función de comunicación sobre el SUS, presente en los 5.570 municipios del país y del que más de 160 millones de personas dependen exclusivamente para acceder a los servicios de salud


Assuntos
Humanos , Sistema Único de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Documentários Cinematográficos , COVID-19 , Filmes Cinematográficos , Categorias de Trabalhadores
16.
Coimbra; s.n; maio 2023. 84 p. tab., graf., ilus..
Tese em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1531492

RESUMO

A maioria das situações de paragem cardiorrespiratória acontecem fora do hospital. Qualquer cidadão, capacitado para realizar manobras de suporte básico de vida (SBV), pode fazer a diferença na sobrevivência da vítima. A implementação de planos formativos, direcionados a classes profissionais específicas, poderá potenciar esta capacitação. Com o objetivo de avaliar a efetividade da implementação de um programa de formação em SBV, para docentes e não docentes do 2º e 3º ciclos do ensino básico, desenhou-se um estudo segundo uma metodologia quantitativa, quase-experimental, do tipo pré-teste pós-teste. A amostra,foi constituída por docentes e não docentes do 2º e 3º ciclos do ensino básico, de um Agrupamento de Escolas da zona centro, disponíveis para participar neste processo, criando assim uma amostra não probabilística acidental. A intervenção consistiu no desenvolvimento de sessões de formação em SBV. Através da aplicação dos instrumentos de colheita de dados pré e pós intervenção, alicerçados num questionário e numa grelha de avaliação prática, foram analisados fatores sociodemográficos e profissionais, conhecimentos e competências práticas em SBV, disponibilidade para realizar SBV e também as condicionantes à realização de SBV. Para a análise de dados utilizou-se estatística descritiva e estatística inferencial. Foram tidos em consideração todos os princípios éticos e formais inerentes. Constatou-se uma correlação estatisticamente significativa entre os conhecimentos prévios, com as competências práticas (?s=1,000) e com a disponibilidade para iniciar SBV (?s=0,441). De igual forma, verificou-se a relação entre a disponibilidade em iniciar SBV, e as competências práticas (?s=0,441). Por seu turno, observou-se uma correlação negativa estatisticamente significativa entre a disponibilidade em iniciar SBV e as condicionantes para a realização de SBV (?s=-0,437). Verificou-se ainda, que a implementação do programa de formação em SBV foi efetiva, não só quanto aos conhecimentos (p<0,001), mas também nas competências práticas em SBV (p<0,001), na disponibilidade para iniciar SBV (p<0,001) e nas condicionantes à realização de SBV (p=0,002). Concluiu-se que este estudo veio corroborar a efetividade de um programa de formação em SBV, através de mudanças na implementação de intervenções adequadas perante uma situação de Paragem Cardiorrespiratória.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Tutoria , Instituições Acadêmicas , Professores Escolares , Categorias de Trabalhadores
17.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 56(1): 41-45, 20230401.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426685

RESUMO

Introducción: El virus Sars-cov2 es el causante de una enfermedad respiratoria, cuyo grado de severidad es variable, de formas sintomáticas leves a graves. Debido a que no se ha encontrado un tratamiento eficaz para hacerle frente a esta patología, se ha puesto el foco en la prevención mediante vacunas. Una población objetivo de la primera y segunda fase de vacunación a nivel país, fue el personal de salud, por lo que se realiza una encuesta para determinar qué tipo de patologías de base presentan, rango etario predominante, si presentaron algún efecto adverso, y cuántas dosis de inmunización recibieron. Objetivos: Describir el porcentaje de vacunación contra Sars-cov2 en el personal de salud, las enfermedades de base, efectos adversos presentados y describir los motivos por el que se evita la vacunación. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional y transversal mediante una encuesta en línea (Google Forms). En el cuestionario se registraron las siguientes variables: sexo, edad, profesión dentro del área de salud, departamento de residencia, enfermedad de base, dosis principales y de refuerzo recibidas, efectos adversos presentados, necesidad de atención médica posterior y razones por las que no se han aplicado todas las dosis. Resultados: La mayoría de los encuestados fueron parte del personal médico (85.4%), en su mayoría se encontraban entre los 20-29 años y los 40-49 años. El 48.6% no presenta patologías de base. El 96.3% de la población recibió 2 dosis de la vacuna para Sars-cov2. El 46.3% recibió 2 dosis de refuerzo. Discusión: La predisposición a completar el esquema fue más baja de lo esperado, siendo menor de la mitad. La predisposición para recibir la vacuna contra el COVID-19, en la población general fue de 52,02%. Cabe recalcar que el éxito de un programa de vacunación depende de la proporción de la población que desee vacunarse. Conclusión: La vacunación es un medio de prevención por lo que su promoción es un paso importante para evitar la enfermedad grave. Es necesario realizar una buena educación a toda la población sobre la eficacia, las dosis necesarias para obtener inmunidad, los efectos adversos y los motivos que deben retrasar la colocación de las dosis, porque, como se menciona anteriormente, el éxito de un programa de vacunación depende de la proporción de la población que desee vacunarse.


Introduction: The Sars-cov2 virus is the cause of a respiratory disease, whose degree of severity is variable, from mild to severe symptomatic forms. Since no effective treatment has been found to deal with this pathology, the focus has been on prevention through vaccination. A target population for the first and second phase of vaccination at the country level was health personnel. So a online survey is performed to determine what type of underlying pathologies they present, the age range predominance, the side effects displayed and how many doses they received. Objectives: Describe the percentage of vaccination against Sars-cov2 in health personnel, the underlying diseases, adverse effects and, to describe the reasons why vaccination is avoided. Materials and methods: A descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study is carried out using an online survey (Google Forms). The following variables were recorded in the questionnaire: sex, age, profession within the health area, department of residence, underlying disease, main and booster doses received, adverse effects presented, need for subsequent medical attention and reasons why they did not have been applied all the doses. Results: Most of the respondents were part of the medical staff (85.4%), the majority were between 20-29 years and 40-49 years. The 48.6% do not present basic pathologies. The 96.3% of the population received 2 doses of the Sars-cov2 vaccine. 46.3% received 2 booster doses. Discussion: The predisposition to complete the scheme was lower than expected, being less than a half. The predisposition to receive the COVID-19 vaccine in the general population was 52.02%. It should be emphasized that the success of a vaccination program depends on the proportion of the population that wishes to be vaccinated. Conclusion: Vaccination is a way of prevention, so its promotion is an important step to avoid a serious disease. It is necessary to give a good education to the entire population about the efficacy, the necessary doses to obtain immunity, the adverse effects and the reasons that should delay the doses, because, as mentioned above, the success of a vaccination program depends on the proportion of the population that wants to be vaccinated.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Imunização , Vacinação , Categorias de Trabalhadores
18.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; Abr. 2023. 387 p. tab.
Monografia em Espanhol | MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1426917

RESUMO

El documento contiene las pautas generales orientadas a ser consideradas obligatoriamente en el desarrollo de los procesos de contratación de personal mencionados en el OBJETO de los presentes lineamientos, destinados a continuar con el fortalecimiento de la capacidad resolutiva y mejorar la respuesta sanitaria en los establecimientos de salud a nivel nacional, mediante el cierre de brechas de recursos humanos en salud.


Assuntos
Recursos Humanos , Instalações de Saúde , Jurisprudência , Categorias de Trabalhadores
19.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 542, 2023 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36949421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19, which is caused by SARS-CoV-2, is a major global health threat. The dominant variant of SARS-CoV-2 has changed over time due to continuous evolution. We aimed to evaluate the coverage of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination among employees in China, explore their willingness to receive the SARS-CoV-2 variant vaccine and examine the potential factors influencing vaccination coverage and willingness. METHODS: A cross-sectional epidemiological survey was conducted online from January 1, 2022, to January 30, 2022. The information collected in the survey included sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle habits, vaccination coverage, willingness to be vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2 variants and the reasons for vaccination and willingness. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess the associations of potential factors with the rate of vaccination and the willingness to be vaccinated. RESULTS: Among 62,395 eligible participants, the coverage of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination was 98.9% for at least one dose and 70.1% for a booster. The great majority of vaccinated individuals (94.4%) voluntarily received the vaccine. A total of 60,694 respondents (97.7%) were willing to be vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2 variants, mainly due to confidence in the effectiveness of vaccines (92.8%). A total of 1431 respondents were unwilling to be vaccinated, mainly because of concerns about the adverse effects of vaccines (77.6%). Longer education duration was associated with a higher rate of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and willingness to be vaccinated. General or poor health status and having no history of influenza vaccination were associated with a lower rate of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and willingness to be vaccinated. Additionally, we observed a significant positive association of abuse experience with the willingness to be vaccinated. CONCLUSION: Although the rate of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and the willingness to be vaccinated were relatively high in the study population, there were still some respondents with vaccine hesitancy. Relevant strategies based on significant related factors should be developed and implemented to encourage vaccination.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Humanos , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Modelos Logísticos , Categorias de Trabalhadores , China
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