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1.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0297351, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38954692

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) and the use of probiotics on the treatment of halitosis. METHODS: Fifty-two participants, aged from 18 to 25 years, exhaling sulfhydride (H2S) ≥ 112 ppb were selected. They were allocated into 4 groups (n = 13): Group 1: tongue scraper; Group 2: treated once with aPDT; Group 3: probiotic capsule containing Lactobacillus salivarius WB21 (6.7 x 108 CFU) and xylitol (280mg), 3 times a day after meals, for 14 days; Group 4: treated once with aPDT and with the probiotic capsule for 14 days. Halimetry with gas chromatography (clinical evaluation) and microbiological samples were collected from the dorsum of the tongue before and after aPDT, as well as after 7, 14, and 30 days. The clinical data failed to follow a normal distribution; therefore, comparisons were made using the Kruskal-Wallis test (independent measures) and Friedman ANOVA (dependent measures) followed by appropriate posthoc tests, when necessary. For the microbiological data, seeing as the data failed to follow a normal distribution, the Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test was performed with Dunn's post-test. The significance level was α = 0.05. RESULTS: Clinical results (halimetry) showed an immediate significant reduction in halitosis with aPDT (p = 0.0008) and/or tongue scraper (p = 0.0006). Probiotics showed no difference in relation to the initial levels (p = 0.7530). No significant differences were found in the control appointments. The amount of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, and Treponema denticola were not altered throughout the analysis (p = 0.1616, p = 0.2829 and p = 0.2882, respectively). CONCLUSION: There was an immediate clinical reduction of halitosis with aPDT and tongue scraping, but there was no reduction in the number of bacteria throughout the study, or differences in the control times, both in the clinical and microbiological results. New clinical trials are necessary to better assess the tested therapies. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials NCT03996044.


Assuntos
Halitose , Ligilactobacillus salivarius , Fotoquimioterapia , Probióticos , Humanos , Halitose/microbiologia , Halitose/tratamento farmacológico , Halitose/terapia , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Língua/microbiologia , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico
2.
Undersea Hyperb Med ; 51(2): 101-106, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38985146

RESUMO

Background: Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by uncontrolled blood sugar levels, which lead to end-organ damage. While the diagnosis and treatment of its complications have been extensively studied, the effect of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBO2) on diabetes-related oral complications remains unexplored. Aim: This prospective clinical study aims to investigate the effect of HBO2 on diabetes-related oral complications. Methods: Twenty patients diagnosed with diabetic foot ulcers and scheduled for HBO2 were included in this study. We recorded stimulated and unstimulated saliva pH, buffering capacity, flow rate, and subjective symptoms such as dry mouth, halitosis, taste loss, difficulty swallowing, and clinical examination findings before HBO2 and after the 21st session. Results: Upon comparing the findings, we observed a significant decrease in dry mouth and halitosis, periodontal disease severity, and healing of candida-related stomatitis and angular cheilitis. Despite not reaching statistical significance for other saliva parameters, the unstimulated salivary flow rate increased to normal limits (0.3-0.4 ml/min) in 6 out of 8 patients with a flow rate of less than 0.25 ml/min. Conclusion: Our study investigated the effect of HBO2 on diabetes-related oral complications for the first time, highlighting symptomatic relief for dry mouth and halitosis. Although our results are insufficient to report a definitive benefit, they underscore the need for further research on the oral health effects of HBO2.


Assuntos
Pé Diabético , Halitose , Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica , Saliva , Xerostomia , Humanos , Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Xerostomia/etiologia , Xerostomia/terapia , Pé Diabético/terapia , Pé Diabético/etiologia , Idoso , Saliva/química , Halitose/etiologia , Halitose/terapia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Estomatite/etiologia , Estomatite/terapia , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/terapia , Distúrbios do Paladar/etiologia , Distúrbios do Paladar/terapia , Adulto , Taxa Secretória
4.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 32: e20240047, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38922243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of Phyllanthus emblica extract in alleviating halitosis and reducing the inflammatory response to halitosis-related bacteria. METHODOLOGY: This investigation, using Phyllanthus emblica fruit extract (PE), involved four aspects. First, we evaluated the effect on growth and aggregation of halitosis-related bacteria, including Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Solobacterium moorei, using a microdilution assay and scanning electron microscopy. Second, volatile sulfur compound (VSC) levels were measured on individuals with halitosis in randomized short-term (26 participants) and double-blind randomized long-term trials (18 participants in each group) after rinsing with PE for 3, 6, and 12 h, and 28 days. Third, we analyzed pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in TR146 cells using quantitative real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Lastly, we assessed pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion and Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 mRNA expression via the same experimental methods in a three-dimensional oral mucosal epithelial model (3D OMEM). RESULTS: PE extract dose-dependently inhibited the growth of F. nucleatum (50% inhibition concentration [IC50]=0.079%), P. gingivalis (IC50=0.65%), and S. moorei (IC50=0.07%) and effectively prevented bacterial aggregation. Furthermore, VSC contents decreased significantly at 3, 6, and 12 h after rinsing with 5% PE compared with those in the control. Long-term use of mouthwash containing 5% PE for 28 days led to a significant decrease in VSC contents. PE attenuated the F. nucleatum- or P. gingivalis-stimulated mRNA expression and protein release of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in TR146 cells. It also suppressed IL-8 and prostaglandin E2 secretion and TLR2 mRNA expression in F. nucleatum-induced OMEMs. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the use of PE in oral care products to alleviate halitosis and it may reduce inflammation.


Assuntos
Citocinas , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Halitose , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Phyllanthus emblica , Extratos Vegetais , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Phyllanthus emblica/química , Halitose/tratamento farmacológico , Halitose/microbiologia , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Fusobacterium nucleatum/efeitos dos fármacos , Porphyromonas gingivalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Fatores de Tempo , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/efeitos dos fármacos , Frutas/química , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Mucosa Bucal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Bucal/microbiologia , Análise de Variância , Compostos de Enxofre/farmacologia , Compostos de Enxofre/análise
5.
BMC Microbiol ; 24(1): 170, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intra-oral halitosis (IOH) is bad breath produced locally by the mouth in addition to systemic diseases and is one of the main causes of interpersonal communication and psychological disorders in modern society. However, current treatment modalities still only alleviate IOH and do not eradicate it. Therefore, based on the differential performance of oral microecology in IOH patients, we propose a microbiota transplantation treatment aimed at restoring oral microecological balance and analyze its feasibility by oral flora colonization test in Wistar rats. OBJECTIVE: Saliva flora samples were collected from IOH patients and healthy subjects to analyze the feasibility of oral microbiota transplantation (OMT) for the treatment of IOH by the Wistar rat oral flora colonization test. METHODS: Seven patients with IOH who visited the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from June 2017 to June 2022 with the main complaint of halitosis and three healthy subjects were randomly selected. A Halimeter portable breath detector was used to record breath values and collect saliva flora samples. Sixteen SPF-grade male Wistar rats were housed in the Animal Experiment Center of Xinjiang Medical University and randomly divided into an experimental group (Group E) and a control group (Group C) for the oral flora colonization test. Species composition and associated metabolic analysis of oral flora during the Wistar rat test using 16SrRNA sequencing technology and PICRUSt metabolic analysis. Also, the changes in the breath values of the rats were recorded during the test. RESULTS: The proportion of Porphyromonas, Fusobacterium, Leptotrichia, and Peptostreptococcus was significantly higher in group E compared to group C after colonization of salivary flora of IOH patients (all P < 0.05), and the abundance with Gemella was zero before colonization, while no colonization was seen in group C after colonization compared to baseline. PICRUSt metabolic analysis also showed significantly enhanced IOH-related metabolic pathways after colonization in group E (all P < 0.05), as well as significantly higher breath values compared to baseline and group C (all P < 0.0001). After colonization by salivary flora from healthy subjects, group E rats showed a decrease in the abundance of associated odor-causing bacteria colonization, a reduction in associated metabolism, and a significant decrease in breath values. In contrast, group C also showed differential changes in flora structure and breath values compared to baseline after salivary flora colonization of IOH patients. CONCLUSIONS: OMT for IOH is a promising green treatment option, but the influence of environmental factors and individual differences still cannot be ignored.


Assuntos
Estudos de Viabilidade , Halitose , Microbiota , Boca , Ratos Wistar , Saliva , Animais , Halitose/microbiologia , Halitose/terapia , Masculino , Ratos , Humanos , Saliva/microbiologia , Boca/microbiologia , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/genética , Adulto , Feminino , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 525, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antibacterial effectiveness of a combination of ε-poly-L-lysine (ε-PL), funme peptide (FP) as well as domiphen against oral pathogens, and assess the efficacy of a BOP® mouthwash supplemented with this combination in reducing halitosis and supragingival plaque in a clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of the compound against Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Streptococcus mutans, and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans were determined by the gradient dilution method. Subsequently, the CCK-8 assay was used to detect the toxicity of mouthwash on human gingival fibroblastst, and the effectiveness in reducing halitosis and supragingival plaque of the mouthwash supplemented with the combination was analyzed by a randomized, double-blind, parallel-controlled clinical trial. RESULTS: The combination exhibited significant inhibitory effects on tested oral pathogens with the MIC < 1.56% (v/v) and the MBC < 3.13% (v/v), and the mouthwash containing this combination did not inhibit the viability of human gingival fibroblasts at the test concentrations. The clinical trial showed that the test group displayed notably lower volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) at 0, 10, 24 h, and 7 d post-mouthwash (P < 0.05), compared with the baseline. After 7 days, the VSC levels of the and control groups were reduced by 50.27% and 32.12%, respectively, and notably cutting severe halitosis by 57.03% in the test group. Additionally, the Plaque Index (PLI) of the test and control group decreased by 54.55% and 8.38%, respectively, and there was a significant difference in PLI between the two groups after 7 days (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of ε-PL, FP and domiphen demonstrated potent inhibitory and bactericidal effects against the tested oral pathogens, and the newly formulated mouthwash added with the combination exhibited anti-dental plaque and anti-halitosis properties in a clinical trial and was safe. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The randomized controlled clinical trial was registered on Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (No. ChiCTR2300073816, Date: 21/07/2023).


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Halitose , Antissépticos Bucais , Polilisina , Humanos , Halitose/prevenção & controle , Halitose/tratamento farmacológico , Halitose/microbiologia , Antissépticos Bucais/uso terapêutico , Placa Dentária/microbiologia , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Método Duplo-Cego , Masculino , Feminino , Polilisina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Adulto Jovem , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Fusobacterium nucleatum/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Res Vet Sci ; 174: 105304, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759349

RESUMO

Periodontosis is the most common clinical disease in adult dogs, which is mainly caused by plaque accumulation and seriously endangers the oral health of dogs and even cause kidney, myocardial, and liver problems in severe cases. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical efficacy of dental chew (Cature Brushing Treats product) with mechanical and chemical properties in beagles. The dogs in the experimental group were fed with a dental chew twice a day after meals; The control group had no treatment. Dental plaque was evaluated on the 14th day and 29th day, respectively. The concentration of volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) in the breath and dental calculus were also evaluated on the 29th day. The results showed that there was no significant difference in the indexes of dental plaque on the 14th day. While they had significantly reduced accumulation of plaque (37.63%), calculus (37.61%), and VSC concentration (81.08%) compared to when receiving no chew on the 29th day.


Assuntos
Cálculos Dentários , Placa Dentária , Doenças do Cão , Halitose , Animais , Cães , Halitose/veterinária , Halitose/prevenção & controle , Placa Dentária/veterinária , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cálculos Dentários/veterinária , Cálculos Dentários/química , Cálculos Dentários/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Feminino , Compostos de Enxofre/análise
9.
J Breath Res ; 18(3)2024 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744271

RESUMO

Despite the widespread use of dental restorative materials, little information exists in the literature regarding their potential impact on bad breath. This in vitro study aims to fill this gap by investigating the influence of different restorative materials on the release of hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Thirteen diverse dental restorative materials, including composites, flowable composites, glass ionomer restorative materials, high-copper amalgam, and CAD-CAM blocks, were examined. Cellulose Sponge models were used as negative and positive control. All samples were prepared with a diameter of 5 mm and a height of 2 mm. Except for the negative control group, all samples were embedded into Allium cepa L., and the emitted H2S was measured using the Wintact W8802 hydrogen sulfide monitor. Surface roughness's effect on emission was explored by roughening the surfaces of CAD-CAM material samples, and gas emission was measured again. The data were statistically analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test and DSCF pairwise comparison tests. Fiber-reinforced flowable composite (EverX Flow), amalgam (Nova 70-caps), and certain composite materials (IPS Empress Direct, Tetric Evoceram, Admira Fusion X-tra) released higher H2S concentrations compared to the negative control. The H2S release period lasted longer in the same materials mentioned above, along with G-aenial Universal Injectable. Indirectly used materials, such as GC Cerasmart, Vita Enamic, and Vita YZ HT, demonstrated significantly lower emissions compared to other direct restoratives. Importantly, the surface roughness of indirect materials did not significantly affect peak H2S concentrations or release times. The study reveals variations in H2S release among restorative materials, suggesting potential advantages of indirect restorative materials in reducing H2S-induced halitosis. This comprehensive understanding of the relationship between restorative materials and halitosis can empower both dental professionals and patients to make well-informed treatment choices. Notably, there is evidence supporting the enhanced performance of indirect restorative materials for individuals affected by halitosis.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários , Halitose , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Humanos , Halitose/terapia , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/análise , Materiais Dentários/química , Técnicas In Vitro , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Resinas Compostas/química , Teste de Materiais , Amálgama Dentário/química , Propriedades de Superfície
11.
Head Face Med ; 20(1): 32, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750491

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) directly affects oral health. Yet data about halitosis in young CKD patients and the impact of dental prophylaxis is limited. Therefore, as part of this randomized clinical trial, halitosis in young CKD patients undergoing intensive or standard oral preventive procedures was to be explored. METHODS: Three volatile sulfur compounds (hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan and dimethyl sulfide) were measured in 30 young patients with CKD (mean age 14.2 years; 16 males, 14 females). Breath samples were taken after 3 and 6 months and analyzed with selective gas chromatography (OralChroma). Tongue coating (Winkel Index) and clinical indices to determine local inflammation or oral hygiene (Papillary Bleeding Index and Quigley-Hein Index) were assessed. Within an extended anamnesis, patients and their mothers and nurses were questioned about the perceived halitosis. Corresponding quotes were noted verbatim. Patients were randomized to either intensive need-related oral health care measures (oral preventative program, OPP) or a one-stage standard prevention (treatment as usual, TAU). RESULTS: While there were no differences in volatile sulfur compound levels between TAU and OPP at the three time points of measurements (p > 0.05), there was a tendency towards a reduction in dimethyl sulfide and hydrogen sulfide of affected patients within the OPP group over time. Looking at potential differences between both groups with regard to tongue coating, significant differences were observed between baseline and 3 months after study start in the OPP group, and between baseline and 6 months after study start in the TAU group (p < 0.05). The burden of halitosis was frequently reported by patients' mothers and nurses. CONCLUSIONS: Young CKD patients regularly suffered from halitosis and dimethyl sulfide was its main source. Preventive measures mainly resulted in a reduction of tongue coating. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The German Clinical Trial Register (# DRKS00010580).


Assuntos
Halitose , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Halitose/etiologia , Halitose/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Masculino , Adolescente , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Testes Respiratórios/métodos , Criança , Higiene Bucal , Compostos de Enxofre/análise , Cromatografia Gasosa/métodos , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio
12.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(6): 341, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38801476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systemic review and meta-analysis was to explore the association between halitosis and periodontitis in observational studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search covered PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library until August 18, 2023. Nine observational studies (585 cases, 1591 controls) were analyzed using Stata 17, with odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Subgroup analyses considered halitosis assessment methods. RESULTS: The review found a positive association between halitosis and periodontitis. Significant differences were observed with organoleptic test (OR = 4.05, 95% CI: 1.76, 9.30, p < 0.01) and volatile sulfur compound readings (OR = 4.52, 95% CI: 1.89, 10.83, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: A positive association was observed between halitosis and periodontitis, supported by significant differences in both organoleptic and volatile sulfur compound readings. However, conclusive findings are limited by statistical heterogeneity, emphasizing the need for additional research. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Understanding the halitosis and periodontitis association is clinically significant, informing potential interventions for improved oral health. Further research is vital to refine understanding and guide effective clinical strategies, acknowledging the limitations in current findings.


Assuntos
Halitose , Periodontite , Halitose/etiologia , Humanos , Periodontite/complicações , Compostos de Enxofre/análise , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
13.
J Dent Res ; 103(5): 484-493, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623900

RESUMO

Halitosis is a common oral condition, which leads to social embarrassment and affects quality of life. Cumulative evidence has suggested the association of tongue-coating microbiome with the development of intraoral halitosis. The dynamic variations of tongue-coating microbiota and metabolites in halitosis have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the tongue-coating microbial and metabolic characteristics in halitosis subjects without other oral diseases using metagenomics and metabolomics analysis. The participants underwent oral examination, halitosis assessment, and tongue-coating sample collection for the microbiome and metabolome analysis. It was found that the microbiota richness and diversity were significantly elevated in the halitosis group. Furthermore, species from Actinomyces, Prevotella, Veillonella, and Solobacterium were significantly more abundant in the halitosis group. However, the Rothia and Streptococcus species exhibited opposite tendencies. Eleven Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways were significantly enriched in the halitosis tongue coatings, including cysteine and methionine metabolism. Functional genes related to sulfur, indole, skatole, and cadaverine metabolic processes (such as serA, metH, metK and dsrAB) were identified to be more abundant in the halitosis samples. The metabolome analysis revealed that indole-3-acetic, ornithine, and L-tryptophan were significantly elevated in the halitosis samples. Furthermore, it was observed that the values of volatile sulfur compounds and indole-3-acetic abundances were positively correlated. The multiomics analysis identified the metagenomic and metabolomic characteristics to differentiate halitosis from healthy individuals using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator logistic regression and random forest classifier. A total of 19 species and 39 metabolites were identified as features in halitosis patients, which included indole-3-acetic acid, Bacillus altitudinis, Candidatus Saccharibacteria, and Actinomyces species. In conclusion, an evident shift in microbiome and metabolome characteristics was observed in the halitosis tongue coating, which may have a potential etiological significance and provide novel insights into the mechanism for halitosis.


Assuntos
Halitose , Microbiota , Língua , Humanos , Halitose/microbiologia , Halitose/metabolismo , Língua/microbiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Metaboloma , Metabolômica/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metagenômica/métodos , Adulto Jovem , Actinomyces/metabolismo
14.
Rev. esp. nutr. comunitaria ; 30(1): 1-15, ene.-mar. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232677

RESUMO

Fundamentos: La Dieta mediterránea (DM) es muy abundante en vitaminas que podrían contribuir al equilibrio en el mantenimiento de la salud cavidad oral. Por ello, es necesario determinar la asociación de la adherencia a la dieta mediterránea con las manifestaciones orales autoreportadas en adultos mayores. Métodos: El diseño del estudio realizado fue observacional de tipo analítico y transversal. Se ejecutó mediante una encuesta de forma virtual en adultos mayores durante el año 2022. Se utilizaron instrumentos validados de adherencia de la DM (MEDAS-14) y un autorreporte sobre manifestaciones orales, además se evaluaron diversas covariables. Para las variables cualitativas se obtuvieron frecuencias relativas y absolutas. En el análisis bivariado se utilizó la prueba estadística Chi-cuadrado. Para la asociación de las variables cualitativas y el cálculo de las razones de prevalencia crudas y ajustadas, se empleó la regresión de Poisson con varianza robusta. Resultado: Se halló que el 90,91% de los encuestados que mantenían una adherencia a la DM alta no manifestaban halitosis. Además, se observó que 57,58% que seguían una dieta mediterránea alta no manifestaba dolor dental. Se encontró en el análisis multivariado asociación estadísticamente significativa entre los encuestados que tenían una adherencia a la DM con ciertas manifestaciones orales tales como presencia de caries dental, dolor dental, halitosis, presencia de sangrado y movilidad dental en los análisis crudo y ajustado. Conclusión: La adherencia a la dieta mediterránea se relaciona a un mejor estado de salud en una población de adultos mayores. (AU)


Background: The Mediterranean Diet is very abundant in vitamins that could contribute to the balance in the maintenance of oral cavity health. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the association of adherence to the Mediterranean diet with self-reported oral manifestations in older adults. Methods: The study design was observational, analytical and cross-sectional. It was carried out through a virtual survey in older adults during the year 2022. Validated instruments of adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MEDAS14) and a self-report on oral manifestations were used, in addition various covariates were evaluated. For the qualitative variables, relative and absolute frequencies were obtained. In the bivariate analysis, the Chi-square statistical test was used. For the association of the qualitative variables and the calculation of the raw and adjusted prevalence ratios, Poisson regression with robust variance was used. Result: It was found that 90.91% of the respondents who maintained a high adherence to the MD did not manifest halitosis. In addition, it was observed that 57.58% who followed a high Mediterranean diet did not manifest dental pain. In the multivariate analysis, a statistically significant association was found between those surveyed who adhered to the MD with certain oral manifestations such as the presence of dental caries, dental pain, halitosis, presence of bleeding, and dental mobility in the crude and adjusted analyzes. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Dieta Mediterrânea , Saúde Bucal , Halitose , Higiene Bucal , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos Transversais , Modelos Teóricos
15.
J Anim Sci ; 1022024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477668

RESUMO

Halitosis in dogs is an initial indication of periodontitis, highlighting its significance as a vital marker for underlying problems. Moreover, the oral microbial population has a significant influence on periodontal disease. Measuring the oral microbiota may be used in addition to breath odor, dental plaque, and gingivitis scoring to assess the impact of dental chews on oral health. In this study, we aimed to determine the differences in breath odor, oral health outcomes, and oral microbiota of adult dogs consuming a novel dental chew compared with control dogs consuming only a diet. Twelve healthy adult female beagle dogs were used in a crossover design study. Treatments (n = 12/group) included: diet only (control) or the diet + a novel dental chew. Each day, one chew was provided 4 h after mealtime. On days 1, 7, 14, 21, and 27, breath samples were analyzed for total volatile sulfur compound concentrations using a halimeter. On day 0 of each period, teeth were cleaned by a veterinary dentist blinded to treatments. Teeth were scored for plaque, calculus, and gingivitis by the same veterinary dentist on day 28 of each period. After scoring, subgingival and supragingival plaque samples were collected for microbiota analysis using Illumina MiSeq. All data were analyzed using SAS (version 9.4) using the Mixed Models procedure, with P < 0.05 being significant. Overall, the dental chews were well accepted. Dogs consuming the dental chews had lower calculus coverage, thickness, and scores, lower gingivitis scores, and less pocket bleeding than control dogs. Breath volatile sulfur compounds were lower in dogs consuming the dental chews. Bacterial alpha-diversity analysis demonstrated that control dogs had higher bacterial richness than dogs fed dental chews. Bacterial beta-diversity analysis demonstrated that samples clustered based on treatment. In subgingival and supragingival plaque, control dogs had higher relative abundances of potentially pathogenic bacteria (Pelistega, Desulfovibrio, Desulfomicrobium, Fretibacterium, Helcococcus, and Treponema) and lower relative abundances of genera associated with oral health (Neisseria, Actinomyces, and Corynebacterium). Our results suggest that the dental chew tested in this study may aid in reducing periodontal disease risk in dogs by beneficially shifting the microbiota population and inhabiting plaque buildup.


In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of a novel dental chew on the breath odor, oral health outcomes, and oral microbiota of dogs. Healthy adult dogs were used in a crossover design study to test a diet only (control) or the diet plus a novel dental chew. Each day, one chew was provided 4 h after mealtime. Breath samples were analyzed over time and teeth were scored for plaque, calculus, and gingivitis by a veterinary dentist on day 28 of each period. After scoring, subgingival and supragingival plaque samples were collected for microbiota analysis. Dogs consuming dental chews had lower calculus coverage, thickness, and scores, lower gingivitis scores, and less pocket bleeding than control dogs. Breath volatile sulfur compounds were lower in dogs consuming dental chews. Bacterial alpha-diversity was higher in control dogs than in dogs fed dental chews. Bacterial beta-diversity analysis demonstrated sample clustering based on treatment. Control dogs had higher relative abundances of potentially pathogenic bacteria and lower relative abundances of genera associated with oral health. Our results suggest that the dental chew tested may aid in reducing periodontal disease risk in dogs by beneficially shifting microbiota and inhabiting plaque buildup.


Assuntos
Cálculos , Doenças do Cão , Gengivite , Halitose , Microbiota , Doenças Periodontais , Cães , Animais , Feminino , Halitose/veterinária , Gengivite/veterinária , Doenças Periodontais/veterinária , Bactérias , Compostos de Enxofre , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Cálculos/veterinária
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(7): e37061, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Halitosis, the unpleasant odor in the oral cavity, has garnered increased attention and concern due to the growing significance of social interaction. SGE-107, a blend of 3 botanical drugs-Korean goat's beard, Cirsium tanakae, and Basil-with caffeic acid as its indicator component. This study aims to investigate the efficacy of SGE-107 in treating halitosis in patients with mild gastrointestinal symptoms. METHODS: We enrolled 25 participants with oral malodor and dyspeptic symptoms. We assessed the severity of halitosis using the visual analog scale. Throughout a 4-week period of administering SGE-107, we evaluated both objective and subjective parameters, including the halitosis-associated life-quality test, the Korean gastrointestinal symptom rating scale, levels of volatile sulfur compounds, salivary flow rate, oral moisture, tongue index, Winkel tongue coating index, and tongue temperature. RESULTS: After the intervention period, both the visual analog scale (5.88 ±â€…1.03 vs 2.38 ±â€…0.93, P < .001) and the scores of the halitosis-associated life-quality test (31.21 ±â€…11.78 vs 13.83 ±â€…6.38, P < .001) showed significant reductions. The proportion of participants with abnormal levels of methyl mercaptan (a volatile sulfur compound) also significantly decreased (17, 70.8% vs 9, 37.5%, P = .039). Furthermore, there were significant improvements in reflux, constipation, diarrhea, and the total scores on the Korean gastrointestinal symptom rating scale. Throughout the study period, only 2 participants experienced mild adverse events. CONCLUSION: SGE-107 appears to be a safe and effective treatment for halitosis-associated with gastrointestinal symptoms; nevertheless, the limited sample size necessitates further large-scale randomized, controlled studies to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Cirsium , Halitose , Ocimum basilicum , Humanos , Halitose/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Enxofre , Boca , Língua
17.
Med Sci Monit ; 30: e942585, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38384124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Hospital-acquired infections negatively impact the health of inpatients and are highly costly to treat. Oral care reduces the microorganism number in the mouth and lungs and is essential in preventing postoperative oral inflammation, lung infection, and other complications. This study was designed to determine the effects of oral care with glutamine on oral health, oral flora, and incidence of pneumonia in patients after neurosurgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a parallel, double-blind, randomized trial. Patients admitted to the Neurosurgery Department of the hospital from July to October 2021 were selected. Three hundred patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomized into 3 groups. The control group (n=100) received oral care with routine oral nursing methods with saline, whereas the experimental group (n=100) received oral care with 5% glutamine. A compound chlorhexidine group (n=100) was set as a positive control. All patients, care providers, and investigators were blinded to the group assignment. The incidence of local debris, oral mucositis, halitosis, dryness, oral mucositis disorders, and oral flora types were collected and analyzed in all groups. RESULTS The incidence of local debris, oral mucositis, halitosis, dryness, and other oral mucositis disorders in the glutamine oral care group was significantly decreased, compared with that of the control group. Oral flora types in the glutamine and chlorhexidine groups were significantly reduced. CONCLUSIONS Oral care with 5% glutamine after neurosurgery is associated with a lower incidence of oral disorders and pneumonia, and a significant reduction in oral flora.


Assuntos
Halitose , Mucosite , Neurocirurgia , Pneumonia , Estomatite , Humanos , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Saúde Bucal , Glutamina/farmacologia , Glutamina/uso terapêutico , Mucosa Bucal , Halitose/complicações , Halitose/tratamento farmacológico , Estomatite/tratamento farmacológico , Mucosite/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia/complicações
18.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(1 (Supple-2)): S79-S84, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385477

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the prevalence of halitosis among the general population of Karachi, and to identify factors contributing to its occurrence. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from March to July 2022 in Karachi after approval from the ethics review board of Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, and comprised the adult population of Karachi. Data was collected online using a questionnaire that was piloted before its link was distributed through social media platforms. The questionnaire evaluated the association of demographic features with self-perceived halitosis on the basis of which factors predictive of halitosis were determined. Data was analysed using SPSS 26. RESULTS: Of a total of 342 subjects, 182(53%) were females and 160(47%) were males. There were 141(41$) subjects aged 18-25 years, and 166(48%) were graduates. Overall, 240(70%) subjects reported to have self-perceived halitosis. Age, monthly household income, niswar and tea consumption, irregular use of dental floss and tongue cleaning were associated with higher incidence of halitosis (p<0.05). Carrying water bottle while outside was associated with decreased halitosis (p=0.007). Symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease, sinusitis, asthma, diabetes, hypertension and mental stress were associated with halitosis (p<0.05). Higher monthly household income and daily use of dental floss predicted lower odds of halitosis (p<0.05). Conclusion: Maintaining good oral hygiene and hydration reduced, while comorbid conditions increased the probability of halitosis.


Assuntos
Halitose , Sinusite , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Halitose/epidemiologia , Halitose/diagnóstico , Halitose/etiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Paquistão/epidemiologia
19.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4316, 2024 02 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383594

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) are two different types of arthritis. Within RA, the subsets between seronegative RA (snRA) and seropositive RA (spRA) represent distinct disease entities; however, identifying clear distinguishing markers between them remains a challenge. This study investigated and compared the oral health conditions in patients with RA and OA to clarify the differences from healthy controls. In addition, we investigated the serological characteristics of the patients, the factors that distinguished patients with RA from those with OA, and the main factors that differentiated between snRA and spRA patients. A total of 161 participants (mean age: 52.52 ± 14.57 years, 32 males and 129 females) were enrolled in this study and categorized as: normal (n = 33), OA (n = 31), and RA (n = 97). Patients with RA were divided into the following two subtypes: snRA (n = 18) and spRA (n = 79). Demographics, oral health, and serological characteristics of these patients were compared. The prevalence of periodontal diseases was significantly higher in patients with OA (100%) and RA (92.8%) than in healthy controls (0.0%). However, the presence of periodontal diseases was not utilized as a distinguishing factor between OA and RA. Xerostomia occurred more frequently in patients with RA (84.5%) than in patients with OA (3.2%) and healthy controls (0.0%) (all p < 0.001). ROC analysis revealed that periodontal disease was a very strong predictor in the diagnosis of OA compared to healthy controls, with an AUC value of 1.00 (p < 0.001). Additionally, halitosis (AUC = 0.746, 95% CI 0.621-0.871, p < 0.001) and female sex (AUC = 0.663, 95% CI 0.529-0.797, p < 0.05) were also significant predictors of OA. The strongest predictors of RA diagnosis compared to healthy controls were periodontal diseases (AUC = 0.964), followed by xerostomia (AUC = 0.923), age (AUC = 0.923), female sex (AUC = 0.660), and halitosis (AUC = 0.615) (all p < 0.05). Significant serological predictors of RA were anti-CCP Ab (AUC = 0.808), and RF (AUC = 0.746) (all p < 0.05). In multiple logistic regression analysis, xerostomia (odds ratio, OR: 8124.88, 95% CI 10.37-6368261.97, p-value = 0.008) and Anti-CCP Ab (OR: 671.33, 95% CI 2.18-207,074.02, p = 0.026) were significant predictors for RA compared to OA. When diagnosing spRA compared to snRA, anti-CCP Ab (AUC = 1.000, p < 0.001) and RF (AUC = 0.910, 95%CI 0.854-0.967, p < 0.001) had outstanding predictive performances. Therefore, clinicians and researchers should thoroughly evaluate the oral status of both OA and RA patients, alongside serological factors, and consider these elements as potential predictors.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Halitose , Osteoartrite , Doenças Periodontais , Periodontite , Xerostomia , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Anticorpos Antiproteína Citrulinada , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/complicações , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Autoanticorpos , Peptídeos Cíclicos
20.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 22: 81-92, 2024 02 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376432

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Environmental factors modulate oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). The aim of this study was to analyse sociodemographic and behavioural factors affecting the OHRQoL in Spanish adolescents, by using the Child-OIDP (Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performances) index. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 337 adolescent schoolchildren aged 13-15 years. A questionnaire on sociodemographic, behavioural and oral self-perception factors was administered with the Child-OIDP questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U-tests, as well as a regression model were used in the data analysis. RESULTS: The overall mean Child-OIDP index was 3.28±6.55. It was statistically significantly higher in females than in males (p < 0.001). Mothers having a managerial job showed statistical association with worse OHRQoL (p < 0.001). Caries experience and history of dental trauma were not associated with the oral-health-related quality of life (p > 0.05). Halitosis statistically significantly affected the activities of daily living (p < 0.001). Perceived dental problems, dental treatment needs, self-assessment of oral health status and satisfaction with oral health were associated with the impact index (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Mothers who were managers, female sex, presence of halitosis, and perceived dental treatment needs were the most important predictors of the impact index, while dietary habits, oral hygiene, and dental visits did not affect it. Knowledge of these factors will help dental professionals to apply adequate preventive and therapeutic measures.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Halitose , Masculino , Adolescente , Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Atividades Cotidianas , Estudos Transversais , Qualidade de Vida
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