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1.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 18(4): 587-594, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728640

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is a common complication after hip surgery. The enhanced recovery urinary protocol (ERUP) is a tool that employs several perioperative strategies to facilitate optimal conditions for surgery and recovery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ERUP on POUR in patients undergoing hip surgery. METHODOLOGY: A controlled pre- and post-quasi-experimental study was conducted. Data was collected between May 2018 and January 2019 at the orthopedic department of one of the largest teaching hospitals affiliated with Menoufia University in Egypt. A convenience sample of 100 Egyptian patients (of both genders) undergoing elective hip surgery was equally allocated into two groups. The control group (n = 50) was given traditional routine perioperative nursing care, while the intervention group (n = 50) was subjected to ERUP. Data was collected from socio-demographic, medical, and surgical data sheets, preoperative medication assessment sheets, postoperative data sheets, and fluid balance charts. RESULTS: ERUP application significantly reduced the length of hospital stay and the incidence of POUR in the intervention group. CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of the ERUP is recommended for patients undergoing hip surgery, as it has a significantly positive effect on reducing the incidence of POUR.


Assuntos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Egito , Adulto , Tempo de Internação , Retenção Urinária/etiologia , Idoso , Quadril/cirurgia , Incidência
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10448, 2024 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714802

RESUMO

Hip muscle weakness can be a precursor to or a result of lower limb injuries. Assessment of hip muscle strength and muscle motor fatigue in the clinic is important for diagnosing and treating hip-related impairments. Muscle motor fatigue can be assessed with surface electromyography (sEMG), however sEMG requires specialized equipment and training. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) are wearable devices used to measure human motion, yet it remains unclear if they can be used as a low-cost alternative method to measure hip muscle fatigue. The goals of this work were to (1) identify which of five pre-selected exercises most consistently and effectively elicited muscle fatigue in the gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and rectus femoris muscles and (2) determine the relationship between muscle fatigue using sEMG sensors and knee wobble using an IMU device. This work suggests that a wall sit and single leg knee raise activity fatigue the gluteus medius, gluteus maximus, and rectus femoris muscles most reliably (p < 0.05) and that the gluteus medius and gluteus maximus muscles were fatigued to a greater extent than the rectus femoris (p = 0.031 and p = 0.0023, respectively). Additionally, while acceleration data from a single IMU placed on the knee suggested that more knee wobble may be an indicator of muscle fatigue, this single IMU is not capable of reliably assessing fatigue level. These results suggest the wall sit activity could be used as simple, static exercise to elicit hip muscle fatigue in the clinic, and that assessment of knee wobble in addition to other IMU measures could potentially be used to infer muscle fatigue under controlled conditions. Future work examining the relationship between IMU data, muscle fatigue, and multi-limb dynamics should be explored to develop an accessible, low-cost, fast and standardized method to measure fatiguability of the hip muscles in the clinic.


Assuntos
Eletromiografia , Exercício Físico , Quadril , Fadiga Muscular , Humanos , Eletromiografia/métodos , Fadiga Muscular/fisiologia , Masculino , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Adulto , Quadril/fisiologia , Feminino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem , Joelho/fisiologia
3.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): 108-120, Mar-Abr. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231887

RESUMO

Objetivos: Resultados clínicos, radiológicos y funcionales de la primera serie española de pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de cadera (ATC) asistida mediante brazo robótico Mako® (Stryker) del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (HCSC) de Madrid. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo que analiza los primeros 25 pacientes intervenidos de ATC asistida por robot (ATCaR) en el HCSC, con un seguimiento mínimo de 4meses. Se evaluaron la demografía, los estudios de imagen (procesamiento Mako®, Rx y TAC), los parámetros clínicos, la funcionalidad (Harris modificada) y las complicaciones asociadas. Resultados: La edad media fue 67,2años (min 47, max 88), siendo el 56% varones. El 88% corresponden a coxartrosis primaria, el 4% postraumática, el 4% secundaria a NAV y el 4% secundaria a choque femoroacetabular. El tiempo medio de cirugía fue de 116,9minutos (min 92, max 150). La media de las cinco primeras intervenciones fue 122,6minutos, y la de las cinco últimas, de 108,2minutos. Como complicaciones intraoperatorias se cuantificaron 4 pérdidas de marcadores intraoperatorios. El tiempo de ingreso medio fue 4,4días (min 3, max 7), con una disminución de hemoglobina posquirúrgica media de 3,08±1,08g/dl, requiriendo transfusión en el 12% de los casos. Se registran tres complicaciones médicas durante el ingreso, destacando un síndrome confusional con caída y fractura periprotésica AG1 no desplazada. El análisis del posicionamiento de los implantes registrados con sistema Mako® fueron 40,55±1,53 grados de inclinación y 12,2±3,6 grados de anteversión acetabular. El estudio de imagen posquirúrgico realizado a los pacientes, en concordancia con Mako®, muestra valores de inclinación acetabular de 41,2±1,7 en Rx y versión acetabular de 16±4,6 en TAC. La discrepancia de longitud de cadera varía de valores preoperatorios de −3,91mm (DE: 3,9; min −12, max 3) a 1,29mm (DE: 1,96) tras la cirugía registrados con Mako...(AU)


Objectives: Clinical, radiological and functional results of the first Spanish series of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty assisted by Mako® (Stryker) robotic arm at the Hospital Clínico San Carlos (HCSC) in Madrid. Material and methods: Prospective and descriptive study analyzing the first 25 patients who underwent robotic-assisted THA at the HCSC, with a minimum follow-up of 4months. Demographics, imaging studies (Mako® processing, Rx and CT), clinical parameters, functionality (modified Harris) and associated complications were evaluated. Results: Average age was 67.2years (min 47, max 88), being 56% male population sample. 88% involves primary coxarthrosis, 4% post-traumatic coxarthrosis, 4% secondary avascular necrosis and 4% secondary femoroacetabular impingement. Average surgery time was 116.9min (min 92, max 150). The average time of the first five surgeries was 122.6min, and, regarding the last five interventions, it was 108.2min. Found medical intraoperative complications were four intraoperative markers loss. Average admission time was 4.4days (min 3, max 7), with an average postoperative hemoglobin decrease of 3.08±1.08g/dL, requiring a transfusion in 12% of the cases. Three medical complications have been registered in the meantime of the admission, with a relevant case of a confusional syndrome and a fall, which resulted in a non-displaced AG1 periprosthetic fracture. The analysis of the positioning of registered implants with Mako® system shows 40.55±1.53 acetabular inclination degrees and 12.2±3.6 acetabular anteversion degrees. The postoperative image study carried out on patients, are consistent with Mako® s results, as it shows an acetabular inclination of 41.2±1.7 in Rx, as well as acetabular anteversion of 16±4.6 in CT. Hip length variance ranges depending on preoperative values of 3.91mm (SD: 3.9; min −12, max 3) to 1.29mm (SD: 1.96) after surgery registered with...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Fraturas do Quadril , Quadril/cirurgia , Espanha , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Traumatologia
4.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T108-T120, Mar-Abr. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231888

RESUMO

Objetivos: Resultados clínicos, radiológicos y funcionales de la primera serie española de pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de cadera (ATC) asistida mediante brazo robótico Mako® (Stryker) del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (HCSC) de Madrid. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo que analiza los primeros 25 pacientes intervenidos de ATC asistida por robot (ATCaR) en el HCSC, con un seguimiento mínimo de 4meses. Se evaluaron la demografía, los estudios de imagen (procesamiento Mako®, Rx y TAC), los parámetros clínicos, la funcionalidad (Harris modificada) y las complicaciones asociadas. Resultados: La edad media fue 67,2años (min 47, max 88), siendo el 56% varones. El 88% corresponden a coxartrosis primaria, el 4% postraumática, el 4% secundaria a NAV y el 4% secundaria a choque femoroacetabular. El tiempo medio de cirugía fue de 116,9minutos (min 92, max 150). La media de las cinco primeras intervenciones fue 122,6minutos, y la de las cinco últimas, de 108,2minutos. Como complicaciones intraoperatorias se cuantificaron 4 pérdidas de marcadores intraoperatorios. El tiempo de ingreso medio fue 4,4días (min 3, max 7), con una disminución de hemoglobina posquirúrgica media de 3,08±1,08g/dl, requiriendo transfusión en el 12% de los casos. Se registran tres complicaciones médicas durante el ingreso, destacando un síndrome confusional con caída y fractura periprotésica AG1 no desplazada. El análisis del posicionamiento de los implantes registrados con sistema Mako® fueron 40,55±1,53 grados de inclinación y 12,2±3,6 grados de anteversión acetabular. El estudio de imagen posquirúrgico realizado a los pacientes, en concordancia con Mako®, muestra valores de inclinación acetabular de 41,2±1,7 en Rx y versión acetabular de 16±4,6 en TAC. La discrepancia de longitud de cadera varía de valores preoperatorios de −3,91mm (DE: 3,9; min −12, max 3) a 1,29mm (DE: 1,96) tras la cirugía registrados con Mako...(AU)


Objectives: Clinical, radiological and functional results of the first Spanish series of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty assisted by Mako® (Stryker) robotic arm at the Hospital Clínico San Carlos (HCSC) in Madrid. Material and methods: Prospective and descriptive study analyzing the first 25 patients who underwent robotic-assisted THA at the HCSC, with a minimum follow-up of 4months. Demographics, imaging studies (Mako® processing, Rx and CT), clinical parameters, functionality (modified Harris) and associated complications were evaluated. Results: Average age was 67.2years (min 47, max 88), being 56% male population sample. 88% involves primary coxarthrosis, 4% post-traumatic coxarthrosis, 4% secondary avascular necrosis and 4% secondary femoroacetabular impingement. Average surgery time was 116.9min (min 92, max 150). The average time of the first five surgeries was 122.6min, and, regarding the last five interventions, it was 108.2min. Found medical intraoperative complications were four intraoperative markers loss. Average admission time was 4.4days (min 3, max 7), with an average postoperative hemoglobin decrease of 3.08±1.08g/dL, requiring a transfusion in 12% of the cases. Three medical complications have been registered in the meantime of the admission, with a relevant case of a confusional syndrome and a fall, which resulted in a non-displaced AG1 periprosthetic fracture. The analysis of the positioning of registered implants with Mako® system shows 40.55±1.53 acetabular inclination degrees and 12.2±3.6 acetabular anteversion degrees. The postoperative image study carried out on patients, are consistent with Mako® s results, as it shows an acetabular inclination of 41.2±1.7 in Rx, as well as acetabular anteversion of 16±4.6 in CT. Hip length variance ranges depending on preoperative values of 3.91mm (SD: 3.9; min −12, max 3) to 1.29mm (SD: 1.96) after surgery registered with...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Fraturas do Quadril , Quadril/cirurgia , Espanha , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Traumatologia
5.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): 121-127, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231889

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivos: La escala de Harris modificada (EHM) es una de las herramientas más utilizadas para valorar pacientes con patología de cadera. A pesar de contar con una adaptación transcultural al español realizada por Lara et al., no cuenta con estudios que sustenten su validez. Se pretende obtener una validación de la versión adaptada de la EHM (ES-EHM), comparándola con la escala WOMAC. Materiales y métodos: La ES-EHM se aplicó a 100 pacientes operados de prótesis total de cadera: (1) previamente a la cirugía (ES-EHM prequirúrgica), (2) 2 años tras la cirugía (ES-EHM posquirúrgica) y (3) 6 meses después de la aplicación de la ES-EHM posquirúrgica (ES-EHM final). Se aplicó también, en una ocasión, el cuestionario WOMAC. Se compararon las medias de la ES-EHM prequirúrgica, posquirúrgica y final, así como la totalidad y los parámetros de dolor y función de la ES-EHM con la escala WOMAC. Se obtuvieron parámetros de fiabilidad, validez y sensibilidad al cambio. Resultados: Al comparar la ES-EHM prequirúrgica y la posquirúrgica, se observó una mejoría clínicamente relevante (46,54 puntos). Al comparar la ES-EHM posquirúrgica y la final, no se detectaron diferencias. Se obtuvo una correlación fuerte entre: (1) la ES-EHM posquirúrgica y la ES-EHM final, (2) ES-EHM y WOMAC y (3) parámetros de dolor y función de la ES-EHM y la WOMAC. El índice de respuesta media estandarizada fue de 2,99, la fiabilidad test-retest representada por el coeficiente de correlación intraclase de 0,90 y el índice de consistencia interna alfa de Cronbach de 0,95. Conclusiones: La adaptación transcultural de la ES-EHM muestra ser fiable, válida y sensible al cambio. Por lo tanto, el personal médico de la población española podrá aplicar la ES-EHM con el respaldo científico y la certeza de estar midiendo los parámetros deseados.(AU)


Background and objectives: Modified Harris Hip Score (HHS) is one of the most used scales in the assessment of patients with hip pathology. Although a Spanish cross-cultural adaptation has been recently published, there are many studies supporting its validity yet. Therefore, the aim of this study is to validate the newly adapted Spanish version of the HHS (ES-EHM), comparing it with the WOMAC scale. Materials and methods: The ES-EHM scale was applied to 100 patients who underwent a total hip replacement, in three different situations: (1) prior to surgery (pre-surgical ES-EHM), (2) after surgery, with at least 2 years of follow up (after surgery ES-EHM), and (3) 6 months after the postsurgical registration (final ES-EHM). WOMAC questionnaire was also applied once. We analyzed data of scale main score, pain score, function-related score as well as the mean of pre-surgical, postsurgical and final postsurgical ES-EHM scale, in both the ES-EHM and the WOMAC scales. Parameters of reliability, validity and sensitivity to change were obtained. Results: Clinically relevant improvement was observed (46.55 points) when comparing pre-surgical and post-surgical ES-EHM scores. However, no differences between postsurgical and final ES-EHM were detected. Even so, strong correlation was obtained between the following: (1) postsurgical ES-EHM and final ES-EHM scores, (2) ES-EHM and WOMAC scores, and (3) pain and function-related parameters of ES-EHM and WOMAC scores. Standardized response mean (SRM) was 2.99, test–retest reliability expressed by the intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.90 and Cronbach index 0.95. ConclusionsThe Spanish cross-cultural adaptation of the EHM scale shows to be reliable, valid and sensitive to change. Thus, the Spanish medical staff will be able to apply the ES-EHM scale with good scientific support.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Quadril/patologia , Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril , Transculturação , Prótese de Quadril , Manejo da Dor , Procedimentos Ortopédicos
6.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T121-T127, Mar-Abr. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231890

RESUMO

Objetivos: Resultados clínicos, radiológicos y funcionales de la primera serie española de pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de cadera (ATC) asistida mediante brazo robótico Mako® (Stryker) del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (HCSC) de Madrid. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo que analiza los primeros 25 pacientes intervenidos de ATC asistida por robot (ATCaR) en el HCSC, con un seguimiento mínimo de 4meses. Se evaluaron la demografía, los estudios de imagen (procesamiento Mako®, Rx y TAC), los parámetros clínicos, la funcionalidad (Harris modificada) y las complicaciones asociadas. Resultados: La edad media fue 67,2años (min 47, max 88), siendo el 56% varones. El 88% corresponden a coxartrosis primaria, el 4% postraumática, el 4% secundaria a NAV y el 4% secundaria a choque femoroacetabular. El tiempo medio de cirugía fue de 116,9minutos (min 92, max 150). La media de las cinco primeras intervenciones fue 122,6minutos, y la de las cinco últimas, de 108,2minutos. Como complicaciones intraoperatorias se cuantificaron 4 pérdidas de marcadores intraoperatorios. El tiempo de ingreso medio fue 4,4días (min 3, max 7), con una disminución de hemoglobina posquirúrgica media de 3,08±1,08g/dl, requiriendo transfusión en el 12% de los casos. Se registran tres complicaciones médicas durante el ingreso, destacando un síndrome confusional con caída y fractura periprotésica AG1 no desplazada. El análisis del posicionamiento de los implantes registrados con sistema Mako® fueron 40,55±1,53 grados de inclinación y 12,2±3,6 grados de anteversión acetabular. El estudio de imagen posquirúrgico realizado a los pacientes, en concordancia con Mako®, muestra valores de inclinación acetabular de 41,2±1,7 en Rx y versión acetabular de 16±4,6 en TAC. La discrepancia de longitud de cadera varía de valores preoperatorios de −3,91mm (DE: 3,9; min −12, max 3) a 1,29mm (DE: 1,96) tras la cirugía registrados con Mako...(AU)


Objectives: Clinical, radiological and functional results of the first Spanish series of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty assisted by Mako® (Stryker) robotic arm at the Hospital Clínico San Carlos (HCSC) in Madrid. Material and methods: Prospective and descriptive study analyzing the first 25 patients who underwent robotic-assisted THA at the HCSC, with a minimum follow-up of 4months. Demographics, imaging studies (Mako® processing, Rx and CT), clinical parameters, functionality (modified Harris) and associated complications were evaluated. Results: Average age was 67.2years (min 47, max 88), being 56% male population sample. 88% involves primary coxarthrosis, 4% post-traumatic coxarthrosis, 4% secondary avascular necrosis and 4% secondary femoroacetabular impingement. Average surgery time was 116.9min (min 92, max 150). The average time of the first five surgeries was 122.6min, and, regarding the last five interventions, it was 108.2min. Found medical intraoperative complications were four intraoperative markers loss. Average admission time was 4.4days (min 3, max 7), with an average postoperative hemoglobin decrease of 3.08±1.08g/dL, requiring a transfusion in 12% of the cases. Three medical complications have been registered in the meantime of the admission, with a relevant case of a confusional syndrome and a fall, which resulted in a non-displaced AG1 periprosthetic fracture. The analysis of the positioning of registered implants with Mako® system shows 40.55±1.53 acetabular inclination degrees and 12.2±3.6 acetabular anteversion degrees. The postoperative image study carried out on patients, are consistent with Mako® s results, as it shows an acetabular inclination of 41.2±1.7 in Rx, as well as acetabular anteversion of 16±4.6 in CT. Hip length variance ranges depending on preoperative values of 3.91mm (SD: 3.9; min −12, max 3) to 1.29mm (SD: 1.96) after surgery registered with...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Artroplastia de Quadril , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Fraturas do Quadril , Quadril/cirurgia , Espanha , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Traumatologia
7.
JBJS Case Connect ; 14(2)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38635770

RESUMO

CASE: We present an unusual case of bilateral femoral neck fatigue fractures in a 28-year-old pregnant woman at the 18th week of gestation successfully treated through operative intervention involving consecutive total hip arthroplasty and internal fixation within the same procedure, resulting in favorable clinical outcomes. CONCLUSION: Current clinical practices suggest that a restricted use of plain radiographs, even those involving the pelvis in pregnant women carries a minimal risk to the fetus and is not contraindicated. Magnetic resonance imaging proved valuable for differential diagnosis, contrasting with sonography.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Colo Femoral , Fraturas de Estresse , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Fraturas de Estresse/complicações , Fraturas de Estresse/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas de Estresse/cirurgia , Gestantes , Quadril/patologia , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/complicações , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Dor , Artralgia
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7927, 2024 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575636

RESUMO

Large population-based cohort studies utilizing device-based measures of physical activity are crucial to close important research gaps regarding the potential protective effects of physical activity on chronic diseases. The present study details the quality control processes and the derivation of physical activity metrics from 100 Hz accelerometer data collected in the German National Cohort (NAKO). During the 2014 to 2019 baseline assessment, a subsample of NAKO participants wore a triaxial ActiGraph accelerometer on their right hip for seven consecutive days. Auto-calibration, signal feature calculations including Euclidean Norm Minus One (ENMO) and Mean Amplitude Deviation (MAD), identification of non-wear time, and imputation, were conducted using the R package GGIR version 2.10-3. A total of 73,334 participants contributed data for accelerometry analysis, of whom 63,236 provided valid data. The average ENMO was 11.7 ± 3.7 mg (milli gravitational acceleration) and the average MAD was 19.9 ± 6.1 mg. Notably, acceleration summary metrics were higher in men than women and diminished with increasing age. Work generated in the present study will facilitate harmonized analysis, reproducibility, and utilization of NAKO accelerometry data. The NAKO accelerometry dataset represents a valuable asset for physical activity research and will be accessible through a specified application process.


Assuntos
Acelerometria , Exercício Físico , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Calibragem , Quadril
9.
J Sports Sci ; 42(5): 404-414, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602304

RESUMO

The purpose was to compare two non-laboratory based running retraining programs on lower limb and trunk kinematics in recreational runners. Seventy recreational runners (30 ± 7.3 years old, 40% female) were randomised to a barefoot running group (BAR), a group wearing a digital metronome with their basal cadence increased by 10% (CAD), and a control group (CON). BAR and CAD groups included intervals from 15 to 40 min over 10 weeks and 3 days/week. 3D sagittal kinematics of the ankle, knee, hip, pelvis, and trunk were measured before and after the retraining program, at comfortable and high speeds. A 3 × 2 mixed ANOVA revealed that BAR and CAD groups increased knee and hip flexion at footstrike, increased peak hip flexion during stance and flight phase, decreased peak hip extension during flight phase, and increased anterior pelvic tilt at both speeds after retraining. In addition, BAR increased ankle plantar flexion at footstrike and increased anterior trunk tilt. Both retraining programs demonstrated significant moderate to large effect size changes in parameters that could reduce the mechanical risks of injury associated with excessive knee stress, which is of interest to coaches, runners and those prescribing rehabilitation and injury prevention programs.


Assuntos
Extremidade Inferior , Pelve , Corrida , Tronco , Humanos , Corrida/fisiologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Masculino , Tronco/fisiologia , Adulto , Extremidade Inferior/fisiologia , Pelve/fisiologia , Pé/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem , Joelho/fisiologia , Tornozelo/fisiologia , Quadril/fisiologia , Marcha/fisiologia
10.
Pain Manag ; 14(3): 119-124, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38440795

RESUMO

The psoas muscle is the largest muscle in the lower lumbar spine and is innervated by the ipsilateral lumbar spinal nerve roots (L2-L4). Here, we present a 44-year-old female with left hip pain in the posterolateral aspect of the left hip radiating to the ipsilateral hamstring, and psoas atrophy (based on imaging). She is now reported to have over 50% improvement in pain scores after underdoing temporary peripheral nerve stimulation of the psoas muscle as well as significant improvement in muscle atrophy based on an electromyography (EMG) study. This case study is the first to report documented improvement in muscle atrophy based on EMG after peripheral nerve stimulation of the targeted area.


In this case study, peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) was used for a patient suffering from pain and decreased size of the psoas muscle. The psoas muscle is responsible for walking, running and getting up from a seated position and is the largest muscle in the lower back. This study showed that peripheral nerve stimulation was effective not only for the relief of muscle pain but also for recovery of the size of the affected muscle.


Assuntos
Dor , Músculos Psoas , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Músculos Psoas/patologia , Dor/patologia , Quadril , Vértebras Lombares , Atrofia Muscular/patologia , Nervos Periféricos
11.
Br J Sports Med ; 58(9): 500-510, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine hip and lower-leg muscle strength in people after ACL injury compared with an uninjured control group (between people) and the uninjured contralateral limb (between limbs). DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane CENTRAL and SportDiscus to 28 February 2023. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Primary ACL injury with mean age 18-40 years at time of injury. Studies had to measure hip and/or lower-leg muscle strength quantitatively (eg, dynamometer) and report muscle strength for the ACL-injured limb compared with: (i) an uninjured control group and/or (ii) the uninjured contralateral limb. Risk of bias was assessed according to Cochrane Collaboration domains. RESULTS: Twenty-eight studies were included (n=23 measured strength ≤12 months post-ACL reconstruction). Most examined hip abduction (16 studies), hip extension (12 studies) and hip external rotation (7 studies) strength. We found no meaningful difference in muscle strength between people or between limbs for hip abduction, extension, internal rotation, flexion or ankle plantarflexion, dorsiflexion (estimates ranged from -9% to +9% of comparator). The only non-zero differences identified were in hip adduction (24% stronger on ACL limb (95% CI 8% to 42%)) and hip external rotation strength (12% deficit on ACL limb (95% CI 6% to 18%)) compared with uninjured controls at follow-ups >12 months, however both results stemmed from only two studies. Certainty of evidence was very low for all outcomes and comparisons, and drawn primarily from the first year post-ACL reconstruction. CONCLUSION: Our results do not show widespread or substantial muscle weakness of the hip and lower-leg muscles after ACL injury, contrasting deficits of 10%-20% commonly reported for knee extensors and flexors. As it is unclear if deficits in hip and lower-leg muscle strength resolve with appropriate rehabilitation or no postinjury or postoperative weakness occurs, individualised assessment should guide training of hip and lower-leg strength following ACL injury. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020216793.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Quadril , Força Muscular , Humanos , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/fisiopatologia , Perna (Membro) , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/reabilitação , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Debilidade Muscular/etiologia , Debilidade Muscular/fisiopatologia
12.
J Sports Sci ; 42(4): 365-372, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507567

RESUMO

Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a common injury among runners, and it is thought that abnormal lower extremity biomechanics contribute to its development. However, the relationship between biomechanical changes after a marathon and PFPS injury remains limited. This study aims to investigate whether differences in knee and hip kinematics and lower extremity muscle activities exist in recreational runners before and after a marathon. Additionally, it aims to explore the relationship between these biomechanical changes and the development of PFPS injury. 12 recreational runners participated in the study. Kinematics and muscle activities of the lower extremity were recorded during walking (5 km/h) and running (10 km/h) tasks within 24 hours before and within 5 hours after a marathon. After the marathon, there was a significant decrease in peak knee flexion (walking: p = 0.006; running: p = 0.006) and an increase in peak hip internal rotation (walking: p = 0.026; running: p = 0.015) during the stance phase of both walking and running compared to before the marathon. The study demonstrates a decrease in knee flexion and an increase in hip internal rotation during the stance phase of gait tasks after completing a marathon, which may increase the risk of developing PFPS injury.


Assuntos
Extremidade Inferior , Corrida de Maratona , Músculo Esquelético , Síndrome da Dor Patelofemoral , Caminhada , Humanos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Caminhada/fisiologia , Masculino , Adulto , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Extremidade Inferior/fisiologia , Feminino , Corrida de Maratona/fisiologia , Síndrome da Dor Patelofemoral/fisiopatologia , Corrida/fisiologia , Marcha/fisiologia , Articulação do Quadril/fisiologia , Quadril/fisiologia , Eletromiografia , Joelho/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem , Articulação do Joelho/fisiologia , Rotação , Estudos de Tempo e Movimento
13.
Gerontology ; 70(5): 491-498, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479368

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We analyzed the effect of dexmedetomidine (DEX) as a local anesthetic adjuvant on postoperative delirium (POD) in elderly patients undergoing elective hip surgery. METHODS: In this study, 120 patients undergoing hip surgery were enrolled and randomly assigned to two groups: fascia iliaca compartment block with DEX + ropivacaine (the Y group, n = 60) and fascia iliaca compartment block with ropivacaine (the R group, n = 60). The primary outcomes: presence of delirium during the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) period and on the first day (D1), the second day (D2), and the third day (D3) after surgery. The secondary outcomes: preoperative and postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), occurrence of insomnia on the preoperative day, day of operation, D1 and D2; HR values of patients in both groups before iliac fascia block (T1), 30 min after iliac fascia block (T2), at surgical incision (T3), 20 min after incision (T4), when they were transferred out of the operating room (T5) and after leaving the recovery room (T6) at each time point; VAS for T1, PACU, D1, D2; the number of patients requiring remedial analgesics within 24 h after blockade and related complications between the two groups. RESULTS: A total of 97 patients were included in the final analysis, with 11 and 12 patients withdrawing from the R and Y groups, respectively. The overall incidence of POD and its incidence in the PACU and ward were all lesser in the Y group than in the R group (p < 0.05). Additionally, fewer cases required remedial analgesia during the PACU period, and more vasoactive drugs were used for maintaining circulatory system stability in the Y group as compared to the R group (p < 0.05). At the same time, the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative bradycardia in the Y group was higher than that in the R group, accompanied by lower postoperative CRP and ESR (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Ultrasound-guided high fascia iliaca compartment block with a combination of ropivacaine and DEX can reduce the incidence of POD, the use of intraoperative opioids and postoperative remedial analgesics, and postoperative inflammation in elderly patients who have undergone hip surgery, indicating that this method could be beneficial in the prevention and treatment of POD.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais , Dexmedetomidina , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Bloqueio Nervoso , Ropivacaina , Humanos , Dexmedetomidina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Idoso , Feminino , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Ropivacaina/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Fáscia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Delírio do Despertar/prevenção & controle , Delírio do Despertar/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Quadril/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos
14.
J Sports Med Phys Fitness ; 64(5): 425-431, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unpredictable stopping or deceleration tasks are crucial to prevent ACL injury. The purpose of this study was to reveal differences and relationships in kinematics during different deceleration tasks with and without anticipation. METHODS: Twenty-four collegiate athletes were recruited. Three commercial video cameras were used to capture frontal and sagittal lower-extremity kinematics. Participants were instructed to perform three deceleration tasks: 1) anticipated stopping and running backward at a point indicated previously (SRB-P); 2) anticipated stopping and running backward in front of a badminton net (SRB-N); and 3) unanticipated stopping and running backward upon random flashing of a light (SRB-U). Differences and relationships between hip, knee, and ankle kinematics at stopping (SS) and deceleration steps (DS) and the height of the great trochanter (HGT) at SS were analyzed. RESULTS: For all tasks, the knee flexion angle was less than 25° at SS. There were no significant differences in hip, knee, and ankle kinematics between tasks. HGT during SRB-U was higher than that in the other tasks at DS. Hip flexion angle at SS and DS was significantly correlated with HGT at SS. During SRB_P and SRB_N, only knee flexion angle at DS was significantly correlated with HGT at SS. CONCLUSIONS: The deceleration task in this study, SRB, causes a low knee-flexion angle at SS. The COM remained higher during unanticipated stopping, which is related only to hip flexion angle during the task. Knee flexion movement does not contribute to lowering COM during an unpredictable deceleration task.


Assuntos
Desaceleração , Humanos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Corrida/fisiologia , Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiologia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiologia , Articulação do Quadril/fisiologia , Quadril/fisiologia , Tornozelo/fisiologia
15.
J Bone Miner Res ; 39(4): 473-483, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477808

RESUMO

Romosozumab treatment in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis increases bone formation while decreasing bone resorption, resulting in large BMD gains to reduce fracture risk within 1 yr. DXA-based 3D modeling of the hip was used to assess estimated changes in cortical and trabecular bone parameters and map the distribution of 3D changes in bone parameters over time in patients from 2 randomized controlled clinical trials: FRAME (romosozumab vs placebo followed by denosumab) and ARCH (romosozumab vs alendronate followed by alendronate). For each study, data from a subset of ~200 women per treatment group who had TH DXA scans at baseline and months 12 and 24 and had provided consent for future research were analyzed post hoc. 3D-SHAPER software v2.11 (3D-SHAPER Medical) was used to generate patient-specific 3D models from TH DXA scans. Percentage changes from baseline to months 12 and 24 in areal BMD (aBMD), integral volumetric BMD (vBMD), cortical thickness, cortical vBMD, cortical surface BMD (sBMD), and trabecular vBMD were evaluated. Data from 377 women from FRAME (placebo, 190; romosozumab, 187) and 368 women from ARCH (alendronate, 185; romosozumab, 183) with evaluable 3D assessments at baseline and months 12 and 24 were analyzed. At month 12, treatment with romosozumab vs placebo in FRAME and romosozumab vs alendronate in ARCH resulted in greater increases in aBMD, integral vBMD, cortical thickness, cortical vBMD, cortical sBMD, and trabecular vBMD (P < .05 for all). At month 24, cumulative gains in all parameters were greater in the romosozumab-to-denosumab vs placebo-to-denosumab sequence and romosozumab-to-alendronate vs alendronate-to-alendronate sequence (P < .05 for all). 3D-SHAPER analysis provides a novel technique for estimating changes in cortical and trabecular parameters from standard hip DXA images. These data add to the accumulating evidence that romosozumab improves hip bone density and structure, thereby contributing to the antifracture efficacy of the drug.


Osteoporosis is a chronic condition in which bones become weak and are more likely to break (fracture) with minimal force such as tripping or falling. A fracture, especially in the elderly, is a serious condition that affects daily activities and quality of life. Romosozumab, an approved medication for patients with osteoporosis, increases bone mass and bone strength thereby reducing fracture risk. In this study, 3D reproductions of patients' hip bones were generated from standard images of a bone density test with DXA from women in the FRAME clinical trial where they received romosozumab or placebo for 12 mo followed by 12 mo of denosumab or the ARCH clinical trial where they received romosozumab or alendronate for 12 mo, followed by 12 mo of alendronate. We found that patients treated with romosozumab for the first 12 mo had significantly greater increases in bone strength compared with those who received placebo or alendronate. After 24 mo, total gains in bone strength measurements were greater in patients treated with romosozumab first. Our study shows that DXA-based 3D modelling provides a novel technique for examining changes in bone strength and supports the use of romosozumab to improve hip bone strength and reduce fracture risk.


Assuntos
Absorciometria de Fóton , Alendronato , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Densidade Óssea , Denosumab , Humanos , Alendronato/farmacologia , Alendronato/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Denosumab/farmacologia , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Imageamento Tridimensional , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Rev. esp. anestesiol. reanim ; 71(3): 160-170, Mar. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-230929

RESUMO

Introducción: La artroplastia total de cadera es una de las intervenciones quirúrgicas más frecuentes en el contexto hospitalario. Sin embargo, sigue desconociéndose el método ideal para manejar el dolor postoperatorio. Las técnicas de analgesia multimodal basadas en la anestesia regional se encuentran entre las soluciones más prometedoras. Objetivos: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el dolor postoperatorio tras la artroplastia total de cadera, de acuerdo con si se realizaron, o no, bloqueos del nervio periférico (bloqueo femoral, bloqueo de la fascia iliaca y bloqueo del grupo de nervios pericapsulares). Se midió el consumo de morfina intravenosa durante la estancia del paciente en la unidad de cuidados posanestésicos, así como el número de rescates con opioides transcurridas 24 y 48 h de la intervención. Como objetivos secundarios, se establecieron la prevalencia de la lesión nerviosa, la prolongación del bloqueo cuadricipital y el consumo de morfina, de acuerdo con otras variables de interés. Materiales y métodos: En este estudio retrospectivo observacional, se recopilaron datos de la historia clínica digital de 656 pacientes de cirugía traumatológica de abril de 2018 a agosto de 2020, con los criterios de inclusión siguientes: mayores de 18 años, ASA I-III, artroplastia total de cadera primaria con anestesia general o anestesia subaracnoidea (solo con bupivacaína hiperbárica) y uso de levobupivacaína para el bloqueo del nervio periférico. Resultados: Se seleccionó un total de 362 pacientes. La indicación quirúrgica principal fue coxartrosis (61,3%), seguida de fractura de cadera (22,6%). Se realizaron bloqueos del nervio periférico en 169 pacientes (66,3% femoral, 27,7% PENG, y 6% de fascia ilíaca). El consumo medio postoperatorio de opioides en la UCPA fue inferior en los pacientes que recibieron bloqueo PENG (2,2 mg) o femoral (3,27 mg), en comparación con los que no recibieron ninguno de los dos (6,69 mg)...(AU)


Introduction: Total hip arthroplasty is one of the most frequent surgical interventions in the hospital setting. Nonetheless, the ideal method to manage post-operative pain is still unknown. Multimodal analgesia techniques based on regional anaesthesia are amongst the most promising solutions. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate postoperative pain after total hip arthroplasty according to whether peripheral nerve block was performed (femoral block, fascia iliaca block and pericapsular nerve group block). Intravenous morphine consumption during the patient's stay in the post-anaesthesia care unit was measured, as well as the number of opioid rescues at 24 and 48h post intervention. As secondary objectives, the prevalence of nerve injury, prolonged quadricipital block, and morphine consumption were established according to other variables of interest. Materials and methods: In this observational retrospective study, data was collected from the electronic medical record of 656 traumatological surgery patients from April 2018 to August 2020, with the following inclusion criteria: over 18 years old, ASA I-III, primary total hip arthroplasty under general anaesthesia or subarachnoid anaesthesia (only with hyperbaric bupivacaine) and use of levobupivacaine for peripheral nerve block. Results: A total of 362 patients were selected. The main surgical indication was coxarthrosis (61.3%), followed by hip fracture (22.6%). Peripheral nerve blocks were performed on 169 patients (66.3% femoral, 27.7% PENG, and 6.0% fascia iliaca). Mean postoperative opioid consumption in PACU was lower in patients in who received a PENG (2.2 mg) or a femoral (3.27 mg) block, compared to those who received neither (6.69 mg). There were no differences in opioid rescues at 24 and 48h after the procedure...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lesões do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril , Anestesia por Condução , Estudos Retrospectivos , Anestesiologia , Quadril/cirurgia , Analgesia
17.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 20(3): 162-165, Mar. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231130

RESUMO

El dolor glúteo es un motivo frecuente de consulta médica en la práctica clínica diaria. Las causas son muy variadas, pudiendo encontrar entre aquellas que forman parte de su diagnóstico diferencial el síndrome de pinzamiento isquiofemoral. Este, incluido actualmente dentro de los síndromes de glúteo profundo, es consecuencia del atrapamiento de las estructuras neuromusculares englobadas entre el trocánter menor y la tuberosidad isquiática, lo que ocasiona un cuadro de dolor en la raíz del miembro inferior, con irradiación hacia el muslo o hacia la región glútea, y mala tolerancia a la deambulación y a la sedestación. La prueba diagnóstica fundamental es la resonancia magnética de cadera, y su manejo suele ser médico inicialmente. A pesar de no ser una entidad frecuente en las consultas de reumatología, tener esta patología en mente ayuda a mejorar su pronóstico, al poder ofrecer un tratamiento adecuado y precoz.(AU)


Gluteal pain is a frequent cause of medical attention in the daily clinical practice. It can be caused by multiple pathologies, being ischiofemoral impingement syndrome among those included in its differential diagnosis. Encompassed within the deep gluteal syndromes, this entity occurs as a consequence of the entrapment of the neuromuscular structures between the lesser femoral trochanter and the ischial tuberosity, causing pain in the root of the lower limb, with irradiation towards the thigh or the gluteal region and poor tolerance to deambulation and sedestation. The magnetic resonance imaging of the hip is fundamental for its diagnosis, and its management consists on medical treatment at onset. Despite not being a frequent diagnosis in the clinical practice in rheumatology, keeping it in mind helps improving its prognosis by establishing an early and adequate treatment.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Dor/classificação , Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos , Artroscopia , Reumatologia , Doenças Reumáticas , Pacientes Internados , Exame Físico , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/reabilitação , Nádegas/lesões
18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4140, 2024 02 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374383

RESUMO

The present study aimed to compare clinical and radiological differences of ONFH patients who were treated with denosumab, and a control group. A total of 178 patients (272 hips) with symptomatic, nontraumatic ONFH were divided into a denosumab group (98 patients, 146 hips) and a control group (80 patients, 126 hips). Patients in the denosumab group received a 60 mg subcutaneous dose of denosumab every 6 months. For the clinical assessments, Harris hip scores (HHS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) were evaluated. Plain radiographs and MRI were performed before and a minimum of 1 year after administration of denosumab, which were evaluated for radiological results including femoral head collapse (≥ 2 mm) and volume change of necrotic lesion. Femoral head collapse occurred in 36 hips (24.7%) in the denosumab group, and 48 hips (38.1%) in the control group, which was statistically significant (P = 0.012). Twenty-three hips (15.8%) in the denosumab group and 29 hips (23%) in the control group required THA, which showed no significant difference (P = 0.086). At the final follow-up, 71.9% of hips in the denosumab group had a good or excellent HHS compared with 48.9% in the control group, showing a significant difference (P = 0.012). The denosumab group showed a significantly higher rate of necrotic lesion volume reductions compared with the control group (P < 0.001). Denosumab can significantly reduce the volume of necrotic lesions and prevent femoral head collapse in patients with ARCO stage I or II ONFH.


Assuntos
Denosumab , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur , Humanos , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cabeça do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/tratamento farmacológico , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Quadril/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(1): 26-34, Ene-Feb, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229667

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Los vástagos primarios con cuellos modulares fueron introducidos con la ventaja teórica de restaurar la anatomía de la cadera de forma más precisa. Sin embargo, la presencia de un segundo encaje se ha asociado a una mayor corrosión y liberación de detritos metálicos. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es cuantificar los valores séricos de cromo y de cobalto, y analizar su evolución temporal durante cinco años. Material y métodos: Se presenta una serie prospectiva de 61 pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de cadera primaria mediante la implantación del vástago HMAX-M® (Limacorporate, San Daniele, Italia) en los que se realizó una determinación sérica de cromo y cobalto a los seis meses, a los dos años y a los cinco años. Resultados: Nuestra serie presenta una elevación progresiva de los niveles de cromo, con una diferencia significativa entre los valores de cromo a los seis meses (0,35±0,18) y los cinco años (0,52±0,36), p=0,01. Respecto al cobalto, se observa una elevación estadísticamente significativa entre los seis meses y los dos años y una posterior estabilización hasta los cinco años, siendo la media de cobalto a los seis meses (1,17±0,8) significativamente menor que a los dos años (2,63±1,76) y a los cinco años (2,84±2,1), p=0,001. Conclusión: Se ha observado una elevación de los niveles séricos de cobalto en aquellos pacientes a los que se les implantó un vástago con cuello modular. Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio han limitado el uso de vástagos con cuello modular en nuestra práctica habitual.(AU)


Introduction and objectives: Modular neck primary stems were introduced with the theoretical advantage of restoring the hip anatomy more precisely. However, the presence of a second junction has been associated with increased corrosion and release of metal debris. The objective of our study is to quantify of chromium and cobalt serum values, and to analyze their temporal evolution during five years. Material and methods: We present a prospective series of 61 patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty by implantation of the HMAX-M® stem (Limacorporate, San Daniele, Italy). Serum chromium and cobalt determinations were performed at six months, two years and five years. Results: Our series shows a progressive elevation in chromium levels with a significant difference between chromium values at six months (0.35±0.18) and five years (0.52±0.36), P=.01. Regarding cobalt, a statistically significant elevation is observed between six months and two years and a subsequent stabilization of values between two and five years, with a cobalt mean at six months (1.17±0.8) significantly lower than at two (2.63±1.76) and five years (2.84±2.1), P=.001. Conclusion: Elevated serum cobalt levels have been observed in patients who underwent modular neck stem implantation. The results obtained in this study have limited the use of stems with a modular neck in our clinical practice.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cromo/administração & dosagem , Cobalto/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril , Quadril/cirurgia , Íons , Ferro/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Traumatologia , Ortopedia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Lesões do Quadril , Itália
20.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(1): T26-T34, Ene-Feb, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-229668

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Los vástagos primarios con cuellos modulares fueron introducidos con la ventaja teórica de restaurar la anatomía de la cadera de forma más precisa. Sin embargo, la presencia de un segundo encaje se ha asociado a una mayor corrosión y liberación de detritos metálicos. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es cuantificar los valores séricos de cromo y de cobalto, y analizar su evolución temporal durante cinco años. Material y métodos: Se presenta una serie prospectiva de 61 pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de cadera primaria mediante la implantación del vástago HMAX-M® (Limacorporate, San Daniele, Italia) en los que se realizó una determinación sérica de cromo y cobalto a los seis meses, a los dos años y a los cinco años. Resultados: Nuestra serie presenta una elevación progresiva de los niveles de cromo, con una diferencia significativa entre los valores de cromo a los seis meses (0,35±0,18) y los cinco años (0,52±0,36), p=0,01. Respecto al cobalto, se observa una elevación estadísticamente significativa entre los seis meses y los dos años y una posterior estabilización hasta los cinco años, siendo la media de cobalto a los seis meses (1,17±0,8) significativamente menor que a los dos años (2,63±1,76) y a los cinco años (2,84±2,1), p=0,001. Conclusión: Se ha observado una elevación de los niveles séricos de cobalto en aquellos pacientes a los que se les implantó un vástago con cuello modular. Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio han limitado el uso de vástagos con cuello modular en nuestra práctica habitual.(AU)


Introduction and objectives: Modular neck primary stems were introduced with the theoretical advantage of restoring the hip anatomy more precisely. However, the presence of a second junction has been associated with increased corrosion and release of metal debris. The objective of our study is to quantify of chromium and cobalt serum values, and to analyze their temporal evolution during five years. Material and methods: We present a prospective series of 61 patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty by implantation of the HMAX-M® stem (Limacorporate, San Daniele, Italy). Serum chromium and cobalt determinations were performed at six months, two years and five years. Results: Our series shows a progressive elevation in chromium levels with a significant difference between chromium values at six months (0.35±0.18) and five years (0.52±0.36), P=.01. Regarding cobalt, a statistically significant elevation is observed between six months and two years and a subsequent stabilization of values between two and five years, with a cobalt mean at six months (1.17±0.8) significantly lower than at two (2.63±1.76) and five years (2.84±2.1), P=.001. Conclusion: Elevated serum cobalt levels have been observed in patients who underwent modular neck stem implantation. The results obtained in this study have limited the use of stems with a modular neck in our clinical practice.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cromo/administração & dosagem , Cobalto/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril , Quadril/cirurgia , Íons , Ferro/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Traumatologia , Ortopedia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Lesões do Quadril , Itália
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