Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.778
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4260, 2024 02 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383860

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) is considered to be one of the hematological malignancies formed by excessive and abnormal proliferation of plasmocytes. Among other parameters, several blood tests are used to diagnose multiple myeloma. The hemorheological profile in multiple myeloma is not widely studied. Hemorheology includes the study of measuring the deformability and aggregation of erythrocytes, blood viscosity, and sedimentation rate. The degree of deformability of blood cells is necessary to maintain proper vital functions. Proper deformability of red blood cells ensures proper blood circulation, tissue oxidation and carbon dioxide uptake. The aim of the study was to compare morphology and blood rheology parameters in patients with MM and healthy individuals. The study included 33 patients with MM, and 33 healthy subjects of the same age. The hematological blood parameters were evaluated using ABX MICROS 60 hematology analyzer. The LORCA Analyzer to study erythrocyte aggregation and deformability. Patients with MM had lower red blood cells count (RBC) (9.11%) (p < 0.001) and half time of total aggregation (T1/2) (94.29%) (p < 0.001) values and higher mean corpuscular volume (MCV) (5.50%) (p < 0.001), aggregation index (AI) (68.60%) (p < 0.001), total extent of aggregation (AMP) (87.92%) (p < 0.001) values than the healthy control group. Aggregation in patients with MM is different compared to healthy individuals. It was observed that the percentage of cell aggregation is almost 50% higher than in the control group. The study of morphology, aggregation and deformability of erythrocytes in patients with suspected MM may be helpful in making clinical decisions.


Assuntos
Deformação Eritrocítica , Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Hemorreologia , Eritrócitos , Agregação Eritrocítica , Reologia , Viscosidade Sanguínea , Sedimentação Sanguínea
2.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 326(3): H705-H714, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38241007

RESUMO

Pentoxifylline is a nonselective phosphodiesterase inhibitor used for the treatment of peripheral artery disease. Pentoxifylline acts through cyclic adenosine monophosphate, thereby enhancing red blood cell deformability, causing vasodilation and decreasing inflammation, and potentially stimulating ventilation. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover, counter-balanced study to test the hypothesis that pentoxifylline could lower blood viscosity, enhance cerebral blood flow, and decrease pulmonary artery pressure in lowlanders following 11-14 days at 3,800 m. Participants (6 males/10 females; age, 27 ± 4 yr old) received either a placebo or 400 mg of pentoxifylline orally the night before and again 2 h before testing. We assessed arterial blood gases, venous hemorheology (blood viscosity, red blood cell deformability, and aggregation), and inflammation (TNF-α) in room air (end-tidal oxygen partial pressure, ∼52 mmHg). Global cerebral blood flow (gCBF), ventilation, and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) were measured in room air and again after 8-10 min of isocapnic hypoxia (end-tidal oxygen partial pressure, 40 mmHg). Pentoxifylline did not alter arterial blood gases, TNF-α, or hemorheology compared with placebo. Pentoxifylline did not affect gCBF or ventilation during room air or isocapnic hypoxia compared with placebo. However, in females, PASP was reduced with pentoxifylline during room air (placebo, 19 ± 3; pentoxifylline, 16 ± 3 mmHg; P = 0.021) and isocapnic hypoxia (placebo, 22 ± 5; pentoxifylline, 20 ± 4 mmHg; P = 0.029), but not in males. Acute pentoxifylline administration in lowlanders at 3,800 m had no impact on arterial blood gases, hemorheology, inflammation, gCBF, or ventilation. Unexpectedly, however, pentoxifylline reduced PASP in female participants, indicating a potential effect of sex on the pulmonary vascular responses to pentoxifylline.NEW & NOTEWORTHY We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study on the rheological, cardiorespiratory and cerebrovascular effects of acute pentoxifylline in healthy lowlanders after 11-14 days at 3,800 m. Although red blood cell deformability was reduced and blood viscosity increased compared with low altitude, acute pentoxifylline administration had no impact on arterial blood gases, hemorheology, inflammation, cerebral blood flow, or ventilation. Pentoxifylline decreased pulmonary artery systolic pressure in female, but not male, participants.


Assuntos
Pentoxifilina , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pentoxifilina/farmacologia , Pentoxifilina/uso terapêutico , Hemorreologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Hipóxia , Oxigênio , Aclimatação/fisiologia , Inflamação/complicações , Gases , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Altitude
4.
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc ; 86(1-2): 245-252, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37781797

RESUMO

The size of body compartments is a determinant of several factors of blood viscosity. Red cell aggregation is proportional to fat mass while hematocrit is proportional to both fat-free mass and abdominal adiposity, but which parts of these body components are involved in this relationship is not known. Segmental bioelectrical impedance analysis (sBIA) provides a possibility to delineate the relationships more precisely between various subdivisions of the body and blood viscosity factors, going farther than preceding studies using non segmental BIA. In this study we investigated in 38 subjects undergoing a standardized breakfast test with mathematical modelling of glucose homeostasis and a segmental bioelectrical impedance analysis (sBIA) the relationships between the various compartments of the body and viscosity factors. Blood and plasma viscosity were measured with the Anton Paar rheometer and analyzed with Quemada's model. The parameters better correlated to hematocrit are fat free mass (r = 0.562) and its two components muscle mass (r = 0.516) and non-muscular fat-free mass (r = 0.452), and also trunk fat mass (r = 0.383) and waist-to hip ratio (r = 0.394). Red cell aggregation measurements were correlated with both truncal and appendicular fat mass (r ranging between 0.603 and 0.728). Weaker correlations of M and M1 are found with waist circumference and hip circumference. This study shows that the correlation between lean mass and hematocrit involves both muscle and non-muscle moieties of lean mass, and that both central and appendicular fat are determinants of red cell aggregation.


Assuntos
Viscosidade Sanguínea , Hemorreologia , Humanos , Viscosidade Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hemorreologia/fisiologia , Agregação Eritrocítica/fisiologia , Hematócrito , Viscosidade
5.
J Int Med Res ; 51(6): 3000605231169435, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37350283

RESUMO

Anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) occlusion is a subtype of posterior circulation stroke. Confirmation of its angiomorphology and etiology is challenging because of the complex mechanisms underlying small-artery thrombogenesis. In addition to conventional factors, physicians frequently overlook hemorheological changes. In this case report, we describe right AICA occlusion in a 50-year-old man. He presented with an unsteady walk, tinnitus, dizziness, and left-sided peripheral facial palsy observed over 36 hours, accompanied by increased blood viscosity on hemorheological evaluation. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed acute infarction in the left cerebellar hemisphere and middle cerebellar peduncles. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and computed tomographic angiography (CTA) failed to detect AICA occlusion, which was later confirmed using digital subtraction angiography. Repeat routine blood examinations showed elevated erythrocyte and leukocyte counts and serum hemoglobin concentrations that persisted over many days. Hemorheological evaluation revealed increased whole blood viscosity at a low shear rate. AICA occlusion should thus be diagnosed based on its initial characteristic manifestations; notably, MRA and CTA may fail to detect arterial occlusion. The importance of hemorheological change as a factor of stroke is frequently neglected. We therefore report this case hoping to emphasize its relevance, especially in small-artery occlusion.


Assuntos
Hemorreologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Viscosidade Sanguínea , Cerebelo , Artéria Basilar , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
6.
Microvasc Res ; 148: 104549, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37192687

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a prevalent disorder that causes repetitive, temporary collapses of the upper airways during sleep, resulting in intermittent hypoxaemia and sleep fragmentation. Given those with OSA also exhibit decreased blood fluidity, this clinical population is at heightened risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) remains a primary therapy in OSA, which improves sleep quality and limits sleep fragmentation. While CPAP effectively ameliorates nocturnal hypoxic events and associated arousals, it remains unclear whether CVD risk factors are positively impacted. The aim of the present study was thus to assess the effects of an acute CPAP therapy on sleep quality and the physical properties of blood that determine blood fluidity. Sixteen participants with suspected OSA were recruited into the current study. Participants attended the sleep laboratory for two visits: an initial diagnostic visit that included confirmation of OSA severity and comprehensive assessments of blood parameters, followed by a subsequent visit where participants were administered an individualised, acute CPAP therapy session and had their blood assessments repeated. Holistic appraisal of blood rheological properties included assessment of blood and plasma viscosity, red blood cell (RBC) aggregation, deformability, and osmotic gradient ektacytometry. Acute CPAP treatment significantly improved sleep quality parameters, which were associated with decreased nocturnal arousals and improved blood oxygen saturation. Whole blood viscosity was significantly decreased following acute CPAP treatment, which might be explained by the improved RBC aggregation during this visit. Although an acute increase in plasma viscosity was observed, it appears that the alterations in RBC properties that mediate cell-cell aggregation, and thus blood viscosity, overcame the increased plasma viscosity. While deformability of RBC was unaltered, CPAP therapy had mild effects on the osmotic tolerance of RBC. Collectively, novel observations demonstrate that a single CPAP treatment session acutely improved sleep quality, which was accompanied by improved rheological properties.


Assuntos
Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/patologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Humanos , Qualidade do Sono , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Hemorreologia
7.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 7960, 2023 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37198390

RESUMO

Balneotherapy is an effective treatment method in various diseases and commonly used treatment modality among patients with musculoskeletal disorders. Sulfur baths are known for healing properties however effect on rheological properties is unstudied. Thus the aim of our study was to determine the effect of sulfur balneotherapy on hemorheological blood indices. A total of 48 patients with osteoarthritis were enrolled to the study. Blood samples were collected twice, before and after 3-week time period. We evaluated complete blood count, fibrinogen, hs-CRP and blood rheology parameters such as elongation index (EI), half-time of total aggregation (T1/2) and aggregation index (AI) analyzed with the Lorrca Maxis. Mean age of studied cohort was 67 ± 5 years. After sulfur baths WBC count was significantly decreased is studied group (p = 0.021) as well as neutrophile count (p = 0.036). Red blood cell EIs were statistically higher after sulfur baths in shear stress ranging from 8.24 to 60.30 Pa. T1/2 was significantly higher (p = 0.031) and AI lower (p = 0.003) compared to baseline. No significant changes in fibrinogen and hs-CRP were observed. It is the first study that evaluate effect of sulfur balneotherapy on rheologic properties of blood. Sulfur water baths may improve erythrocyte deformability and aggregation parameters.


Assuntos
Hemorreologia , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Banhos , Proteína C-Reativa/farmacologia , Deformação Eritrocítica , Viscosidade Sanguínea , Osteoartrite/terapia , Fibrinogênio/análise , Enxofre/farmacologia , Agregação Eritrocítica
8.
Comput Biol Med ; 157: 106767, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36933414

RESUMO

Erythrocyte aggregation (EA) is a highly dynamic, vital phenomenon to interpreting human hemorheology, which would be helpful for the diagnosis and prediction of circulatory anomalies. Previous studies of EA on erythrocyte migration and the Fåhraeus Effect are based on the microvasculature. They have not considered the natural pulsatility of the blood flow or large vessels and mainly focused on shear rate along radial direction under steady flow to comprehend the dynamic properties of EA. To our knowledge, the rheological characteristics of non-Newtonian fluids under Womersley flow have not reflected the spatiotemporal behaviors of EA or the distribution of erythrocyte dynamics (ED). Hence, it needs to interpret the ED affected by temporal and spatial flow variation to understand the effect of EA under Womersley flow. Here, we demonstrated the numerically simulated ED to decipher EA's rheological role in axial shear rate under Womersley flow. In the present study, the temporal and spatial variations of the local EA were found to mainly depend on the axial shear rate under Womersley flow in an elastic vessel, while mean EA decreased with radial shear rate. The localized distribution of parabolic or M-shape clustered EA was found in a range of the axial shear rate profile (-15 to 15s-1) at low radial shear rates during a pulsatile cycle. However, the linear formation of rouleaux was realized without local clusters in a rigid wall where the axial shear rate is zero. In vivo, the axial shear rate is usually considered insignificant, especially in straight arteries, but it has a great impact on the disturbed blood flow due to the geometrical properties, such as bifurcations, stenosis, aneurysm, and the cyclic variation of pressure. Our findings regarding axial shear rate provide new insight into the local dynamic distribution of EA, which is a critical player in blood viscosity. These will provide a basis for the computer-aided diagnosis of hemodynamic-based cardiovascular diseases by decreasing the uncertainty in the pulsatile flow calculation.


Assuntos
Agregação Eritrocítica , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Humanos , Agregação Eritrocítica/fisiologia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Hemorreologia , Fluxo Pulsátil/fisiologia , Artérias/fisiologia , Simulação por Computador , Estresse Mecânico
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(2): 292-299, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725218

RESUMO

Caused by endocrine disorder, hyperplasia of mammary glands(HMG) tends to occur in the young with increasing incidence, putting patients at the risk of cancer and threatening the health of women. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of HMG is attracting more and more attention. Amid the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), many scholars have found that Chinese patent medicine has unique advantages and huge potential in treatment of endocrine disorder. Particularly, Chinese patent medicine with the function of blood-activating and mass-dissipating, such as Xiaojin Pills and Xiaozheng Pills, has been commonly used in clinical treatment of HMG, which features multiple targets, obvious efficacy, small side effect, and ease of taking and carrying around. Clinical studies have found that the combination of Chinese patent medicine with other medicine can not only improve the efficacy and relieve symptoms such as hyperplasia and pain but also reduce the toxic and side effects of western medicine. Therefore, based on precious pharmacological research and clinical research, this study reviewed the mechanisms of blood-activating mass-dissipating Chinese patent medicine alone and in combination with other medicine, such as regulating levels of in vivo hormones and receptors, promoting apoptosis, inhibiting angiogenesis, improving hemorheology indexes, enhancing immunity, and boosting antioxidant ability. In addition, limitations and problems were summarized. Thereby, this study is expected to lay a theoretical basis for the further study and clinical application of blood-activating mass-dissipating Chinese patent medicine alone or in combination with other medicine against HMG.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Glândulas Mamárias Humanas , Humanos , Feminino , Hiperplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos sem Prescrição , Glândulas Mamárias Humanas/patologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Hemorreologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
10.
Biomech Model Mechanobiol ; 22(2): 711-727, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36525181

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis, due to the permeation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles into the arterial wall, is one of the most common and deadly diseases in today's world. Due to its importance, numerous studies have been conducted on the factors affecting this disease. In this study, using numerical simulation, the effects of Wall Shear Stress (WSS), non-Newtonian behavior of blood, different values of hematocrit and blood pressure on LDL permeation into the arterial wall layers are investigated in a 4-layer wall model of a coronary bifurcation. To obtain the velocity and concentration fields in the fluid domain, the Navier-Stokes, Brinkman, and mass transfer equations are numerically solved in the lumen and wall layers. Results show that it is important to consider the effects of WSS on transport properties of endothelium layer in bifurcations and this leads to completely different concentration profiles compared to the constant properties model. Our computations show that a giant accumulation of LDL in the intima layer of the outer wall of the left anterior descending artery, especially in low WSS regions, may lead to atherosclerosis. It is also, necessary to consider the non-Newtonian behavior of blood in bifurcations due to its direct effect on WSS. A pressure-induced increase in the half-width of leaky junctions may be responsible for the higher risk of atherosclerosis in hypertension. In addition, it is shown that the dominant mechanism in LDL permeation into the wall is convection, and also, hypertension increases the effect of mass transfer by convection mechanism more than the diffusion mechanism. Furthermore, our results are consistent with various clinical studies.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Hipertensão , Humanos , Hemorreologia , Vasos Coronários , Lipoproteínas LDL , Simulação por Computador , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Estresse Mecânico
11.
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc ; 83(2): 93-104, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36336924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is a life-saving treatment in end-stage liver failure. Hemorheological features as blood fluidity and red blood cell aggregation may alter effective tissue perfusion, graft function and hemodynamic variables. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to investigate effect of albumin infusion on red blood cell deformability and aggregation, blood viscosity and hemodynamics in liver transplant patients. METHODS: Seventeen live or cadaveric donors were included in this prospective study. Hemorheological and hemodynamic measurements were performed in order to evaluate the effects of albumin infusion in perioperative period. RESULTS: Erythrocyte aggregation was significantly reduced 90 minutes after albumin infusion (p < 0.01). Mean blood viscosity revealed significant decrease at 20 rpm and 50 rpm after 90 minutes of albumin infusion (p < 0.05). Plasma viscosity decreased significantly compared to the value before albumin infusion at 20 rpm (p < 0.05). Albumin replacement improved hemodynamic variables in patients with low blood pressure and cardiac index measurements (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Human albumin infusion led to decrease in whole blood and plasma viscosities, red blood cell aggregation and induced blood pressure and cardiac index elevation in perioperative liver transplant patients. Determination of hemodynamic and hemorheological effects of human albumin replacement in various patient populations may serve beneficial clinical data.


Assuntos
Hemorreologia , Transplante de Fígado , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Deformação Eritrocítica , Agregação Eritrocítica , Viscosidade Sanguínea , Albumina Sérica Humana/farmacologia
12.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-970465

RESUMO

Caused by endocrine disorder, hyperplasia of mammary glands(HMG) tends to occur in the young with increasing incidence, putting patients at the risk of cancer and threatening the health of women. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of HMG is attracting more and more attention. Amid the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), many scholars have found that Chinese patent medicine has unique advantages and huge potential in treatment of endocrine disorder. Particularly, Chinese patent medicine with the function of blood-activating and mass-dissipating, such as Xiaojin Pills and Xiaozheng Pills, has been commonly used in clinical treatment of HMG, which features multiple targets, obvious efficacy, small side effect, and ease of taking and carrying around. Clinical studies have found that the combination of Chinese patent medicine with other medicine can not only improve the efficacy and relieve symptoms such as hyperplasia and pain but also reduce the toxic and side effects of western medicine. Therefore, based on precious pharmacological research and clinical research, this study reviewed the mechanisms of blood-activating mass-dissipating Chinese patent medicine alone and in combination with other medicine, such as regulating levels of in vivo hormones and receptors, promoting apoptosis, inhibiting angiogenesis, improving hemorheology indexes, enhancing immunity, and boosting antioxidant ability. In addition, limitations and problems were summarized. Thereby, this study is expected to lay a theoretical basis for the further study and clinical application of blood-activating mass-dissipating Chinese patent medicine alone or in combination with other medicine against HMG.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Hiperplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos sem Prescrição , Glândulas Mamárias Humanas/patologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Hemorreologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36499657

RESUMO

Hematological and hemorheological parameters are known to be altered in COVID-19; however, the value of combined monitoring in order to deduce disease severity is only scarcely examined. A total of 44 acute SARS-CoV-2-infected patients (aCOV) and 44 age-matched healthy controls (Con) were included. Blood of aCOV was sampled at admission (T0), and at day 2 (T2), day 5 (T5), day 10 (T10), and day 30 (T30) while blood of Con was only sampled once. Inter- and intra-group differences were calculated for hematological and hemorheological parameters. Except for mean cellular volume and mean cellular hemoglobin, all blood cell parameters were significantly different between aCOV and Con. During the acute disease state (T0-T5), hematological and hemorheological parameters were highly altered in aCOV; in particular, anemic conditions and increased immune cell response/inflammation, oxidative/nitrosative stress, decreased deformability, as well as increased aggregation, were observed. During treatment and convalescence until T30, almost all abnormal values of aCOV improved towards Con values. During the acute state of the COVID-19 disease, the hematological, as well as the hemorheological system, show fast and potentially pathological changes that might contribute to the progression of the disease, but changes appear to be largely reversible after four weeks. Measuring RBC deformability and aggregation, as well as oxidative stress induction, may be helpful in monitoring critically ill COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hematologia , Humanos , Hemorreologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Índices de Eritrócitos , Estado Terminal , Agregação Eritrocítica
14.
Phys Eng Sci Med ; 45(4): 1205-1217, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319841

RESUMO

The phenomena of aggregation, breakdown, and disaggregation of the rouleaux of red blood cells (RBCs) in addition to deformability affect the human blood viscosity at different shear rates. In this study, the intermediate shear rate is introduced and defined when the effect of aggregation on the change of blood viscosity is diminished; and afterwards, the alteration in the blood viscosity is dominantly affected by the deformation of RBCs. With this respect, modeling the effective parameters on the blood shear-thinning behavior including hematocrit and plasma viscosity was performed for the two different shear regions discriminated by the proposed intermediate shear rates. The presented rheological model reflects a phenomenological approach to assess the human blood viscosity with an average error of ± 5% compared to experimental data for hematocrits between 0.299 and 0.702, subjected to various shear rates from 0.2 to 680 1/s. The temperature changes as well as biochemical effects on whole blood viscosity are characterized by the introduced plasma viscosity-dependent model. The presented comprehensive model could be used for better understanding of blood flow hemodynamics and analyzing the shear dependence of aggregation and deformability behaviors of RBCs.


Assuntos
Viscosidade Sanguínea , Hemorreologia , Humanos , Viscosidade Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hematócrito , Eritrócitos/fisiologia , Hemodinâmica
15.
Curr Opin Hematol ; 29(6): 290-296, 2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916537

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hyperviscosity syndromes can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Existing methods to measure microcirculatory rheology are not readily available and limited in relevance and accuracy at this level. In this review, we review selected hyperviscosity syndromes and the advancement of their knowledge using microfluidic platforms. RECENT FINDINGS: Viscosity changes drastically at the microvascular level as the physical properties of the cells themselves become the major determinants of resistance to blood flow. Current, outdated viscosity measurements only quantify whole blood or serum. Changes in blood composition, cell number, or the physical properties themselves lead to increased blood viscosity. Given the significant morbidity and mortality from hyperviscosity syndromes, new biophysical tools are needed and being developed to study microvascular biophysical and hemodynamic conditions at this microvascular level to help predict those at risk and guide therapeutic treatment. SUMMARY: The use of 'lab-on-a-chip' technology continues to rise to relevance with point of care, personalized testing and medicine as customizable microfluidic platforms enable independent control of many in vivo factors and are a powerful tool to study microcirculatory hemorheology.


Assuntos
Doenças Hematológicas , Médicos , Viscosidade Sanguínea/fisiologia , Doenças Hematológicas/diagnóstico , Doenças Hematológicas/terapia , Hemorreologia , Humanos , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Microcirculação
16.
Biophys J ; 121(18): 3309-3319, 2022 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36028998

RESUMO

Microthrombi and circulating cell clusters are common microscopic findings in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at different stages in the disease course, implying that they may function as the primary drivers in disease progression. Inspired by a recent flow imaging cytometry study of the blood samples from patients with COVID-19, we perform computational simulations to investigate the dynamics of different types of circulating cell clusters, namely white blood cell (WBC) clusters, platelet clusters, and red blood cell clusters, over a range of shear flows and quantify their impact on the viscosity of the blood. Our simulation results indicate that the increased level of fibrinogen in patients with COVID-19 can promote the formation of red blood cell clusters at relatively low shear rates, thereby elevating the blood viscosity, a mechanism that also leads to an increase in viscosity in other blood diseases, such as sickle cell disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. We further discover that the presence of WBC clusters could also aggravate the abnormalities of local blood rheology. In particular, the extent of elevation of the local blood viscosity is enlarged as the size of the WBC clusters grows. On the other hand, the impact of platelet clusters on the local rheology is found to be negligible, which is likely due to the smaller size of the platelets. The difference in the impact of WBC and platelet clusters on local hemorheology provides a compelling explanation for the clinical finding that the number of WBC clusters is significantly correlated with thrombotic events in COVID-19 whereas platelet clusters are not. Overall, our study demonstrates that our computational models based on dissipative particle dynamics can serve as a powerful tool to conduct quantitative investigation of the mechanism causing the pathological alterations of hemorheology and explore their connections to the clinical manifestations in COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Viscosidade Sanguínea , COVID-19/sangue , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Hemorreologia , Humanos
17.
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc ; 82(3): 249-254, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35811513

RESUMO

In 2021 the delta variant was discovered, heralding the start of the second pandemic wave. This case series aims to analyse and compare the coagulation and hemorheology profiles of COVID-19 patients diagnosed with acute stroke during the pandemic's second wave and ascertain the effect on patient outcomes. This case series reports 4 cases with their respective characteristics. Case 1 reports on COVID-19 patients without comorbidities, Case 2 with comorbidities, Case 3 with strokes in young patients, and Case 4 with strokes in elderly patients. All cases had abnormal coagulation and hemorheology factors with mixed outcomes. Coagulation and hemorheology factors tend to be higher in COVID-19 patients with acute stroke. The value of coagulation and hemorheology factors can be a prognostic outcome in COVID-19 patients with severe disease, especially in patients associated with acute stroke.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Idoso , Hemorreologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações
18.
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc ; 81(4): 325-341, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the blood vessels the impaired hemorheological parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) could lead to elevated flow resistance, increased forces at the endothelial wall and to microvascular disturbances. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to investigate the hemorheological variables and the changes of the skin blood flow responses to cold stress in T2DM patients. METHODS: The basic hemorheological parameters: hematocrit (Ht), fibrinogen (Fib), whole blood viscosity (WBV) and plasma viscosity (PV) were examined in 20 patients with T2DM and a control group of 10 healthy age and sex matched controls. The mechanisms of vascular tone regulation were investigated using the wavelet analysis of the skin temperature oscillations (WAST). The degrees of the microvascular tone changes were determined during a cold test in the endothelial (0.02-0.0095 Hz), neurogenic (0.05- 0.02 Hz) and myogenic (0.05- 0.14 Hz) frequency ranges. RESULTS: Significant increase of Fib and WBV in the patients in comparison to controls was found. The mean values of the amplitudes of the skin temperature (ST) pulsations decreased significantly during the cold stress only in the endothelial frequency range for the diabetic patients. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study reveal parallel impairment of the blood rheological parameters and the cutaneous microcirculation in T2DM patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Viscosidade Sanguínea/fisiologia , Agregação Eritrocítica , Deformação Eritrocítica , Fibrinogênio , Hematócrito , Hemorreologia , Humanos , Microcirculação
19.
Microvasc Res ; 143: 104386, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35623407

RESUMO

Appraisal of microvascular erythrocyte velocity as well as aggregation are critical features of hemorheological assessment. Examination of erythrocyte velocity-aggregate characteristics is critical in assessing disorders associated with coagulopathy. Microvascular erythrocyte velocity can be assessed using various methodologic approaches; however, the shared assessment of erythrocyte velocity and aggregation has not been well described. The purpose of this study therefore is to examine three independent erythrocyte assessment strategies with and without experimentally induced aggregation in order to elucidate appropriate analytic strategy for combined velocity/aggregation assessment applicable to in-vivo capillaroscopy. We employed a hierarchical microfluidic model combined with Bland-Altman analysis to examine agreement between three methodologies to assess erythrocyte velocity appropriate for interpretation of cinematography of in-vivo microvascular hemorheology. We utilized optical and manual techniques as well as a technique which we term transversal temporal cross-correlation (TTC) to observe and measure both erythrocyte velocity and aggregation. In general, optical, manual and TTC agree in estimation of velocity at relatively low flow rate, however with an increase in infusion rate the optical flow method yielded the velocity estimates that were lower than the TTC and manual velocity estimates. We suggest that this difference was due to the fact that slower moving particles close to the channel wall were better illuminated than faster particles deeper in the channel which affected the optical flow analysis. Combined velocity/aggregation appraisal using TTC provides an efficient approach for estimating erythrocyte aggregation appropriate for in-vivo applications. We demonstrated that the optical flow and TTC analyses can be used to estimate erythrocyte velocity and aggregation both in ex-vivo microfluidics laboratory experiments as well as in-vivo recordings. The simplicity of TTC method may be advantageous for developing velocity estimate methods to be used in the clinic. The trade-off is that TTC estimation cannot capture features of the flow based on optical flow analysis of individually tracked particles.


Assuntos
Agregação Eritrocítica , Fluxo Óptico , Visualização de Dados , Deformação Eritrocítica , Eritrócitos , Hemorreologia
20.
Ageing Res Rev ; 79: 101650, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35597435

RESUMO

Hypoxia is caused by insufficient oxygen availability for the organism leading to reduced oxygen delivery to tissues and cells. It has been regarded as a severe threat to human health and it is indeed implicated in pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the development and progression of many diseases. Nevertheless, the potential of controlled hypoxia interventions (i.e. hypoxia conditioning) for improving cardio-vascular health is gaining increased attention. However, blood rheology is often a forgotten factor for vascular health while aging and hypoxia exposure are both suspected to alter hemorheological properties. These changes in blood rheology may influence the benefits-risks balance of hypoxia exposure in older individuals. The benefits of hypoxia exposure for vascular health are mainly reported for healthy populations and the combined impact of aging and hypoxia on blood rheology could therefore be deleterious in older individuals. This review discusses evidence of hypoxia-related and aging-related changes in blood viscosity and its determinants. It draws upon an extensive literature search on the effects of hypoxia/altitude and aging on blood rheology. Aging increases blood viscosity mainly through a rise in plasma viscosity, red blood cell (RBC) aggregation and a decrease in RBC deformability. Hypoxia also causes an increase in RBC aggregation and plasma viscosity. In addition, hypoxia exposure may increase hematocrit and modulate RBC deformability, depending on the hypoxic dose, i.e, beneficial effect of intermittent hypoxia with moderate dose vs deleterious effect of chronic continuous or intermittent hypoxia or if the hypoxic dose is too high. Special attention is directed toward the risks vs. benefits of hemorheological changes during hypoxia exposure in older individuals, and its clinical relevance for vascular disorders.


Assuntos
Viscosidade Sanguínea , Hemorreologia , Idoso , Deformação Eritrocítica , Humanos , Hipóxia , Oxigênio
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...