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1.
BMC Nephrol ; 25(1): 218, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) is recommended during continuous renal replacement therapy. Compared to systemic anticoagulation, RCA provides a longer filter lifespan with the risk of metabolic alkalosis and impaired calcium homeostasis. Surprisingly, most RCA protocols are designed for continuous veno-venous hemodialysis or hemodiafiltration. Effective protocols for continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) are rare, although CVVH is a standard treatment for high-molecular-weight clearance. Therefore, we evaluated a new RCA protocol for postdilution CVVH. METHODS: This is a monocentric prospective interventional study to evaluate a new RCA protocol for postdilution CVVH. We recruited surgical patients with stage III acute kidney injury who needed renal replacement therapy. We recorded dialysis and RCA data and hemodynamic and laboratory parameters during treatment sessions of 72 h. The primary endpoint was filter patency at 72 h. The major safety parameters were metabolic alkalosis and severe hypocalcemia at any time. RESULTS: We included 38 patients who underwent 66 treatment sessions. The mean filter lifespan was 66 ± 12 h, and 44 of 66 (66%) filters were patent at 72 h. After censoring for non-CVVH-related cessation of treatment, 83% of all filters were patent at 72 h. The delivered dialysis dose was 28 ± 5 ml/kgBW/h. The serum levels of creatinine, urea and beta2-microglobulin decreased significantly from day 0 to day 3. Metabolic alkalosis occurred in one patient. An iCa++ below 1.0 mmol/L occurred in four patients. Citrate accumulation did not occur. CONCLUSIONS: We describe a safe, effective, and easy-to-use RCA protocol for postdilution CVVH. This protocol provides a long and sustained filter lifespan without serious adverse effects. The risk of metabolic alkalosis and hypocalcemia is low. Using this protocol, a recommended dialysis dose can be safely administered with effective clearance of low- and middle-molecular-weight molecules. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was approved by the medical ethics committee of Heinrich-Heine University Duesseldorf (No. 2018-82KFogU). The trial was registered in the local study register of the university (No: 2018044660) on 07/04/2018 and was retrospectively registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03969966) on 31/05/2019.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Anticoagulantes , Ácido Cítrico , Terapia de Substituição Renal Contínua , Hemofiltração , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Injúria Renal Aguda/terapia , Ácido Cítrico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Cítrico/uso terapêutico , Hemofiltração/métodos , Alcalose/etiologia , Hipocalcemia/etiologia , Protocolos Clínicos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 34(7): 828-831, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38978249

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels in predicting hypocalcaemia after thyroidectomy. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of the Study: Department of General Surgery, Shifa International Hospital and Shifa Foundation, Islamabad, from May 2021 to 2022. METHODOLOGY: The sample size was calculated to be 205 with consecutive non-probability sampling. Serum iPTH levels and serum calcium levels were measured postoperatively at 6 hours and 24 hours and recorded in a proforma for analysis. After collection, the data were entered and analysed using SPSS version 24.0. RESULTS: Among 205 patients, 157 (76.6%) were females and 48 (23.4%) were males. At 6 hours postoperatively, 121 (59%) patients had normal iPTH levels and 123 (60%) patients had normal serum calcium levels (p = 0.15). At 24-hour, 130 (63.4%) patients had normal iPTH levels and 92 (44.9%) patients had normal serum calcium levels (p = 0.001). Overall, 8 (3.9%) patients developed symptomatic hypocalcaemia (p = <0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of iPTH levels at ≤15 pg/ml were 100% and 70%, respectively, but at 24 pg/ml cut-off level, the specificity increased to 90% with sensitivity of 100%. CONCLUSION: Low serum iPTH levels at 6 hours after surgery can predict hypocalcaemia in patients undergoing thyroidectomy, even if serum calcium levels appear normal at that time. KEY WORDS: Parathyroid hormone, Serum calcium, Hypocalcaemia, Total thyroidectomy, Calcium homeostasis.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Hipocalcemia , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Tireoidectomia , Humanos , Hipocalcemia/etiologia , Hipocalcemia/sangue , Hipocalcemia/diagnóstico , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cálcio/sangue , Período Pós-Operatório , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Idoso
3.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 45(4): 345-350, 2024 Apr 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38951061

RESUMO

Objective: This study investigated the efficacy and safety of denosumab (DENOS) versus zoledronic acid (ZOL) in the bone disease treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Methods: The clinical data of 80 patients with myeloma bone disease (MBD) at the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital between March 1, 2021 and June 30, 2023 were retrospectively reviewed. Eighteen patients with severe renal impairment (SRI, endogenous creatinine clearance rate<30 ml/min) were treated with DENOS, and 62 non-SRI patients were divided into DENOS (30 patients) and ZOL group (32 patients) . Results: Hypocalcemia was observed in 26 (33%) patients, and 22 patients developed hypocalcemia during the first treatment course. The incidence of hypocalcemia in the non-SRI patients of DENOS group was higher than that in the ZOL group [20% (6/30) vs 13% (4/32), P=0.028]. The incidence of hypocalcemia in SRI was 89% (16/18). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that endogenous creatinine clearance rate<30 ml/min was significantly associated with hypocalcemia after DENOS administration (P<0.001). After 1 month of antiresorptive (AR) drug application, the decrease in the serum ß-C-terminal cross-linked carboxy-telopeptide of collagen type I concentrations of SRI and non-SRI patients in the DENOS group were significantly higher than that in the ZOL group (68% vs 59% vs 27%, P<0.001). The increase in serum procollagen type Ⅰ N-terminal propeptide concentrations of patients with or without SRI in the DENOS group were significantly higher than that in the ZOL group (34% vs 20% vs 11%, P<0.05). The level of intact parathyroid hormone in each group increased after AR drug treatment. None of the patients developed osteonecrosis of the jaw and renal adverse events, and no statistically significant differences in the overall response rate, complete remission and stringent complete remission rates were found among the groups (P>0.05), and the median PFS and OS time were not reached (P>0.05) . Conclusions: In the treatment of MBD, DENOS minimizes nephrotoxicity and has strong AR effect. Hypocalcemia is a common adverse event but is usually mild or moderate and manageable.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Doenças Ósseas , Denosumab , Hipocalcemia , Mieloma Múltiplo , Ácido Zoledrônico , Humanos , Ácido Zoledrônico/administração & dosagem , Denosumab/efeitos adversos , Denosumab/administração & dosagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Ósseas/etiologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/administração & dosagem , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Hipocalcemia/induzido quimicamente , Hipocalcemia/etiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Resultado do Tratamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso
4.
Am J Case Rep ; 25: e943397, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Calcium gluconate is used to treat neonatal hypocalcemia, severe hyperkalemia, and neonatal convulsions. Calcium gluconate can extravasate into the skin's soft tissues, resulting in redness, skin nodules, and calcification of soft tissue, which can cause tissue necrosis. This report presents 2 cases of neonatal calcinosis cutis following the treatment of hypocalcemia with calcium gluconate. CASE REPORT Case 1. The patient was a 12-day-old male neonate who presented with a mass in the right foot. He was recently discharged from the hospital after evacuation of subdual hematoma triggering his seizures. The swelling was associated with erythema but no discharge. His radiograph showed soft tissue calcification. He had received 2 peripheral intravenous calcium gluconate infusions to manage hypocalcemia during the last hospitalization. Symptomatic treatments were provided, and full resolution of the swelling was reported after 3 weeks. Case 2. The patient was a 1-month-old female infant newly diagnosed with cystic fibrosis who presented with a mass in her left foot. She underwent exploratory laparotomy in another hospital to manage meconium ileus. The mass was not mobile but there was no skin ulceration. Her radiograph showed soft tissue calcification. During her last admission, she had received 3 doses of intravenous calcium gluconate to manage hypocalcemia. The patient was observed and managed symptomatically. After 4 weeks, there was almost complete clinical and radiographic disappearance of the swelling without any skin necrosis. CONCLUSIONS This report has highlighted the importance of monitoring neonates treated with calcium gluconate who may develop skin rashes or nodules due to calcinosis cutis.


Assuntos
Calcinose , Gluconato de Cálcio , Hipocalcemia , Humanos , Gluconato de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Hipocalcemia/tratamento farmacológico , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Feminino , Dermatopatias , Calcinose Cutânea
5.
Obes Surg ; 34(7): 2530-2536, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833132

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hypocalcemia post-metabolic bariatric surgery (MBS) is a known long-term complication after hypoabsorptive procedures. However, data on immediate postoperative calcium are limited. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of hypocalcemia on the 1st postoperative day after MBS and correlate it with potential associated factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from all consecutive index MBS over 1 year. We collected data on demographics and on preoperative and postoperative values of serum calcium (TC), albumin, adjusted calcium (AC-Payne formula), magnesium, phosphorus, preoperative vitamin-D, and postoperative 24-h urine output, intravenous fluids (IVF), bolus intravenous furosemide, and creatine phosphokinase (CPK). Continuous data are expressed as means ± SD (range). Categorical data are presented as frequencies (%). Linear regression was implemented to designate potential correlations. RESULTS: The cohort included 86 patients (58.1% females). The mean preoperative TC was 9.4mg/dL ± 0.4 (8.5-10.5) and mean postoperative TC 7.8mg/dL ± 0.6 (6.3-9.3, 17.0% decrease). The mean preoperative AC was 10.1mg/dL ± 0.4 (9.2-11.2) and mean postoperative AC 8.5mg/dL ± 0.6 (7.0-10.0, 15.8% decrease). Seventy-three patients (84.8%) had abnormally low TC (< 8.5mg/dL), and 43 (50%) abnormally low AC. There was only weak correlation between postoperative TC and AC with magnesium (r = 0.258), phosphorus (r = 0.269), vitamin-D (-0.163), 24-h urine output (r = -0.168), IVF (r = -0.237), bolus furosemide (r = 0.155), and mean operative time (r = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort of patients, hypocalcemia was a real problem but we did not find any significant correlation with the examined factors. Further studies are warranted to validate our findings and investigate other potential correlations.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Hipocalcemia , Obesidade Mórbida , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Feminino , Hipocalcemia/etiologia , Hipocalcemia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Período Pós-Operatório , Cálcio/sangue , Prevalência , Magnésio/sangue , Furosemida/administração & dosagem , Furosemida/uso terapêutico , Vitamina D/sangue
6.
Endocrinol Diabetes Metab ; 7(4): e506, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38932435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic hypoparathyroidism is a common cause of postthyroidectomy hypocalcaemia. It has varying incidence rates after neck surgery in Saudi Arabia, ranging from 0.07% to 65.30%. Hypoparathyroidism can manifest with a spectrum of symptoms, ranging from mild to severe and life-threatening. This study aimed to assess the rate and predictors of iatrogenic hypoparathyroidism after thyroid surgery and its natural course. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used a data collection form to extract patient information from the electronic healthcare system (Best-Care) for patients treated from 2017 to 2022. Patients' demographics, surgical specifics and biochemical profiles were recorded for subsequent analysis. RESULTS: Among the 343 patients who underwent thyroidectomy, 130 (37.9%) developed hypoparathyroidism, primarily within the first day after surgery. Calcium or vitamin D supplementation before surgery did not significantly influence hypoparathyroidism development. Notably, extensive combined lymph node dissection was significantly associated with postoperative hypoparathyroidism development (p = 0.0004). More patients who underwent central and lateral lymph node dissection (n = 19, 79.17%) developed hypoparathyroidism than patients who underwent central (n = 18, 40.91%) or lateral (n = 8, 38.10%) dissection alone. Permanent hypoparathyroidism was observed in 40 patients (11.66%). CONCLUSION: This study revealed a high incidence of iatrogenic hypoparathyroidism and high rates of permanent hypoparathyroidism. Further research is warranted to better comprehend the risk factors and optimise management strategies for iatrogenic hypoparathyroidism. Overall, our findings emphasise the need for vigilant monitoring and effective management of patients undergoing thyroidectomy and the significance of postoperative replacement therapies.


Assuntos
Hipoparatireoidismo , Doença Iatrogênica , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Tireoidectomia , Humanos , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Hipoparatireoidismo/etiologia , Hipoparatireoidismo/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Hipocalcemia/etiologia , Hipocalcemia/epidemiologia , Idoso , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Incidência , Estudos de Coortes , Fatores de Risco
7.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 32(3): 794-798, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38926969

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of serum free light chain (sFLC) and serum calcium ion in the diagnosis and prognosis of multiple myeloma (MM). METHODS: Forty patients with MM treated in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2018 to January 2022 were selected as the observation group, and 40 healthy volunteers were selected as the control group. The differences of sFLC-κ、sFLC-λ、sFLC-κ/λ, serum calcium ions, etc between the two groups were compared. Meanwhile, the differences of sFLC-κ、sFLC-λ、sFLC-κ/λ, serum calcium ions, etc in different international staging systems (ISS), chemotherapy efficacy and prognosis patients were analyzed. RESULTS: The levels of sFLC-κï¼»(98.39±21.19) vs (12.01±4.45) mg/Lï¼½, sFLC-λï¼»(210.20±45.54) vs (14.10±5.11) mg/Lï¼½ and proportions of hypocalcemia (65% vs 0) in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05), while sFLC-κ/ λ ratio[(0.44±0.10) vs (0.87±0.12)ï¼½ and serum calcium ions [(1.98±0.46) vs (2.42±0.40)mmol/Lï¼½ were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The sFLC-κ, sFLC-λ, the proportion of hypocalcemia and the course of hypocalcemia in ISS stage III patients in the observation group were significantly higher than those in stage I and II patients (P < 0.05), while sFLC-κ/λ ratio, and serum calcium ions were significantly lower than those in stage I and II patients (P < 0.05). The levels of sFLC-κ [(107.76±21.22) vs (94.67±20.11)mg/Lï¼½, sFLC- λ[(245.54±41.12) vs (205.54±50.22)mg/Lï¼½ of patients with hypocalcemia in the observation group was significantly higher than those without hypocalcemia (P < 0.05), while the sFLC-κ/λ ratio was significantly lower than those without hypocalcemia [(0.42±0.04) vs (0.47±0.06);P < 0.05ï¼½. The levels of sFLC-κ ï¼»(107.29±20.14) vs ( 91.11±18.92)mg/Lï¼½, sFLC-λ[(247.98±42.26) vs (179.29±39.32)mg/Lï¼½ in patients with ineffective chemotherapy were significantly higher than those in patients with effective chemotherapy (P < 0.05), while the sFLC-κ/λ ratio was significantly lower than those in patients with effective chemotherapy ï¼»(0.43±0.10) vs (0.50±0.09);P < 0.05)]. The area under the ROC curve for sFLC-κ, sFLC-λ, sFLC-κ/λ predicting ineffective chemotherapy was 0.803, 0.793 and 0.699 respectively, P < 0.05. There was no significant difference in sFLC-κ, sFLC-λ, sFLC-κ/λ ratio, serum calcium ion, hypocalcemia ratio and hypocalcemia course between survival and death patients (P >0.05). CONCLUSION: sFLC and serum calcium are related to ISS stage of MM patients. sFLC level has a certain value to predict the curative effect of chemotherapy in MM patients. However, the prognostic values of sFLC and serum calcium are not yet confirmed for MM patients.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/sangue , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Cálcio/sangue , Prognóstico , Cadeias kappa de Imunoglobulina/sangue , Cadeias Leves de Imunoglobulina/sangue , Hipocalcemia/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Cadeias lambda de Imunoglobulina/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Nutrients ; 16(12)2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38931213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We analyzed the impact of social distancing (SD) on vitamin D status and associated morbidity in neonates during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. METHODS: Serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) and clinical characteristics of newborn infants before (2019) and during SD (2021) were compared. RESULTS: A total of 526 neonates (263 in 2019 and 263 in 2021) were included. The rate of vitamin D deficiency in neonates (47.1% vs. 35.4 %, p = 0.008) decreased and the rate of maternal vitamin D intake increased (6.8% vs. 37.6%, p < 0.001), respectively, during SD compared to those in 2019. The rates of hypocalcemia (12.5% vs. 3.8%, p < 0.001) and respiratory illness (57.0% vs. 43.0%, p = 0.002) decreased during SD. Neonatal vitamin D deficiency during SD was associated with maternal vitamin D supplementation (odds ratio [OR] = 0.463, p = 0.003) but was not associated with SD (OR = 0.772, p = 0.189). The mediation effect of SD on neonatal morbidity by neonatal vitamin D status was statistically insignificant. CONCLUSIONS: SD might affect the increased maternal vitamin D intake and decreased neonatal vitamin D deficiency. However, neonatal morbidity was not affected by SD, even with neonatal vitamin D status changes.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Distanciamento Físico , SARS-CoV-2 , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Vitamina D , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Masculino , Suplementos Nutricionais , Pandemias , Estado Nutricional , Hipocalcemia/epidemiologia , Hipocalcemia/sangue
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(25): e38542, 2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38905413

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Fahr syndrome is a rare, degenerative neurological condition characterized by bilateral idiopathic calcification of the periventricular region, especially the basal ganglia. This condition is often misdiagnosed as other neurological or psychiatric disorders due to its rarity and overlapping symptoms. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 34-year-old man had been experiencing seizures and cognitive dysfunction for few years, which were further compounded by slurred speech and motor difficulties as acute conditions. DIAGNOSIS: After investigations, severe hypocalcemia, and hypoparathyroidism were detected and his brain computed tomography showed extensive bilateral calcifications in basal ganglia, thalamus, dentate nuclei, and some parts of subcortical white matter, suggestive of Fahr syndrome. Although, the patient was initially misdiagnosed due to a lack of information and the rarity of this disease. INTERVENTION: The patient was treated with intravenous calcium gluconate, vitamin D3, l-ornithine l-aspartate syrup, and levetiracetam, replacing carbamazepine. OUTCOME: His symptoms, including slurred speech, muscle pain, and stiffness improved, serum calcium normalized, and he was discharged with medications for memory deficit and depression. LESSONS: This case underscores the importance of raising awareness among physicians, especially in areas with limited medical resources, about the significance of prompt diagnosis and appropriate symptomatic treatment in enhancing patient prognosis and quality of life.


Assuntos
Calcinose , Disfunção Cognitiva , Convulsões , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Convulsões/etiologia , Convulsões/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Calcinose/complicações , Calcinose/diagnóstico , Afeganistão , Doenças dos Gânglios da Base/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Gânglios da Base/complicações , Hipoparatireoidismo/complicações , Hipoparatireoidismo/diagnóstico , Hipoparatireoidismo/tratamento farmacológico , Hipocalcemia/tratamento farmacológico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Doenças Neurodegenerativas
11.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 24(1): 88, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38867205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) are at risk for severe hypocalcemia (SH) following parathyroidectomy (PTX), but limited data exist on the predictors of SH. We aimed to identify risk factors for early postoperative SH after PTX in patients with PHPT and to evaluate the predictive value of clinical parameters. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with PHPT who underwent PTX between January 2010 and December 2022 was performed. A total of 46 patients were included in the study, with 15 (32.6%) experiencing postoperative SH, 19 (41.3%) having calculi in the ureter or kidney, and 37 (80.4%) having osteoporosis. Patients were divided into SH and non-SH groups based on postoperative serum calcium levels. Preoperative biochemical indicators, bone turnover markers, and renal function parameters were analyzed and correlated with postoperative SH. RESULTS: Statistically significant (P < 0.05) differences were found in preoperative serum calcium (serum Ca), intact parathyroid hormone, serum phosphorus (serum P), serum Ca/P, percentage decrease of serum Ca, total procollagen type 1 intact N-terminal propeptide, osteocalcin (OC), and alkaline phosphatase levels between the two groups. Multivariate analysis showed that serum P (odds ratio [OR] = 0.989; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 0.981-0.996; P = 0.003), serum Ca (OR = 0.007; 95% CI = 0.001-0.415; P = 0.017), serum Ca/P (OR = 0.135; 95% CI = 0.019-0.947; P = 0.044) and OC levels (OR = 1.012; 95% CI = 1.001-1.024; P = 0.036) were predictors of early postoperative SH. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that serum P (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.859, P < 0.001), serum Ca/P (AUC = 0.735, P = 0.010) and OC (AUC = 0.729, P = 0.013) had high sensitivity and specificity. CONCLUSION: Preoperative serum P, serum Ca/P and osteocalcin levels may identify patients with PHPT at risk for early postoperative SH after PTX.


Assuntos
Hiperparatireoidismo Primário , Hipocalcemia , Paratireoidectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/cirurgia , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/sangue , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/complicações , Feminino , Masculino , Paratireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Hipocalcemia/etiologia , Hipocalcemia/sangue , Hipocalcemia/epidemiologia , Hipocalcemia/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Idoso , Cálcio/sangue , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Adulto , Seguimentos , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue
14.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 113(4): 106-110, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38779795

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We present a case of a 58-year-old man with a history of laryngo-pharyngectomy including bilateral thyroidectomy due to hypopharyngeal cancer presenting with lethargy, acute kidney failure, and hypercalcemia. Milk alkali syndrome was diagnosed given the history of high-dose calcium / vitamin D supplementation after ruling out other causes of hypercalcemia. After initial treatment with normal saline, furosemide and denosumab, the patient developed severe symptomatic hypocalcemia as a rare adverse effect of denosumab.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Hipercalcemia , Letargia , Humanos , Hipercalcemia/etiologia , Hipercalcemia/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Letargia/etiologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Hipocalcemia/diagnóstico , Hipocalcemia/etiologia , Hipocalcemia/tratamento farmacológico , Denosumab/efeitos adversos , Denosumab/uso terapêutico
15.
BMC Vet Res ; 20(1): 227, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38790012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pamidronate is used for the treatment of hypercalcemia. However, a rare but potential adverse event of pamidronate treatment is hypocalcemia. This report describes an unusual case of severe, irreversible hypocalcemia after a single injection of pamidronate for the treatment of hypercalcemia due to glucocorticoid withdrawal in a dog. CASE PRESENTATION: An 11-year-old castrated male Maltese dog presented with anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea (day 0). The patient had calcinosis cutis throughout the body, calcification of intraabdominal organs, mild azotemia, and severe hypercalcemia. The severe calcification was attributed to long-term glucocorticoid administration, which was discontinued 1 month before presentation. Fluid therapy, diuretics, calcitonin, and a single intravenous injection of pamidronate were used for the treatment of hypercalcemia. On day 14, normocalcemia was achieved, but renal failure occurred. On day 20, severe and irreversible hypocalcemia occurred, and on day 42, the patient was euthanized at the owner's request because of worsened hypocalcemia and renal failure. CONCLUSIONS: Although hypocalcemia is an extremely rare adverse event of bisphosphonate treatment, bisphosphonates like pamidronate can result in potentially life-threatening conditions according to the patient's underlying conditions. Therefore, the patient's condition should be closely monitored and any underlying conditions should be carefully evaluated before initiating the treatment for hypercalcemia using pamidronate.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Doenças do Cão , Glucocorticoides , Hipercalcemia , Hipocalcemia , Pamidronato , Animais , Cães , Pamidronato/uso terapêutico , Hipocalcemia/veterinária , Hipocalcemia/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Hipercalcemia/induzido quimicamente , Hipercalcemia/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico
16.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1360464, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38803480

RESUMO

Introduction: Although active vitamin D (VD) has been used both preoperatively and postoperatively to prevent hypocalcemia risk in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy, the role of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D) has not been examined. This study comprehensively investigated the effects of 1,25(OH)2D on calcium (Ca) concentrations after total thyroidectomy. Methods: Serum Ca, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and 1,25(OH)2D levels were measured in 82 patients with thyroid disease before and after surgery. Results: Serum Ca, PTH, and 1,25(OH)2D levels decreased significantly on the morning of the first postoperative day. Notably, the decrease in 1,25(OH)2D concentration was significantly lower than that of PTH concentration (10.5 ± 33.4% vs. 52.1 ± 30.1%, p<0.0001), with 28% of patients showing increases in 1,25(OH)2D. The only factor predicting a postoperative 1,25(OH)2D decrease was a high preoperative 1,25(OH)2D concentration. Postoperative 1,25(OH)2D concentrations, as well as the magnitude and rate of decrease from preoperative levels, showed strong positive correlations with preoperative 1,25(OH)2D concentrations (p<0.0001 for all three variables) but not with PTH concentrations. These findings suggest that 1,25(OH)2D concentrations after thyroidectomy were more strongly dependent on preoperative concentrations than on the effect of PTH decrease and were relatively preserved, possibly preventing sudden severe postoperative hypocalcemia. A high 1,25(OH)2D level was the most important preoperative factor for hypocalcemia (<2 mmol/L; p<0.05) on the first postoperative day; however, only PTH decrease was statistically significant (p<0.001) when intraoperative factors were added. In the PTH >10 pg/mL group, the decrease in 1,25(OH)2D levels was significantly associated with postoperative hypocalcemia (p<0.05). Similarly, in the PTH levels >15 pg/mL group, a decrease in 1,25(OH)2D concentration was a significant factor, and the amount of PTH decrease was no longer significant. Conclusion: 1,25(OH)2D plays an important role in preventing sudden, severe hypocalcemia due to decreased PTH levels after total thyroidectomy, whereas high preoperative 1,25(OH)2D levels are a significant risk factor for postoperative hypocalcemia. Optimizing preoperative protocols to adjust Ca, PTH, and 1,25(OH)2D levels to improve the management of patients undergoing total thyroidectomy and to prevent extreme intraoperative PTH decreases may reduce the risk of hypocalcemia.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Hipocalcemia , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Tireoidectomia , Vitamina D , Humanos , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vitamina D/sangue , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Estudos Prospectivos , Cálcio/sangue , Adulto , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Hipocalcemia/sangue , Hipocalcemia/prevenção & controle , Hipocalcemia/etiologia , Idoso , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/sangue
17.
Yonsei Med J ; 65(6): 348-355, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38804029

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The increase in thyroid cancer incidence has inevitably led to an increase in thyroid cancer surgeries. This meta-regression analysis aimed to determine if the rate of post-thyroidectomy complications changes by year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed and Embase databases were used to perform a systematic literature search of studies published from January 1, 2005, using the keywords "thyroidectomy" and "complication." A meta-regression was performed for post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia and bleeding. RESULTS: This meta-analysis included 25 studies involving 927751 individuals. Through the years of publications in this study, there was no significant difference in the proportion of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia and bleeding (p=0.9978, 0.6393). CONCLUSION: Although the number of thyroid surgeries has recently increased, the incidence of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia and bleeding did not significantly increase.


Assuntos
Hipocalcemia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Tireoidectomia , Humanos , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Hipocalcemia/etiologia , Hipocalcemia/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Análise de Regressão
18.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303109, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38805515

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In adult major trauma patients admission hypocalcaemia occurs in approximately half of cases and is associated with increased mortality. However, data amongst paediatric patients are limited. The objectives of this review were to determine the incidence of admission ionised hypocalcaemia in paediatric major trauma patients and to explore whether hypocalcaemia is associated with adverse outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following PRISMA guidelines. All studies including major trauma patients <18 years old, with an ionised calcium concentration obtained in the Emergency Department (ED) prior to the receipt of blood products in the ED were included. The primary outcome was incidence of ionised hypocalcaemia. Random-effects Sidik-Jonkman modelling was executed for meta-analysis of mortality and pH difference between hypo- and normocalcaemia, Odds ratio (OR) was the reporting metric for mortality. The reporting metric for the continuous variable of pH difference was Glass' D (a standardized difference). Results are reported with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and significance was defined as p <0.05. RESULTS: Three retrospective cohort studies were included. Admission ionised hypocalcaemia definitions ranged from <1.00 mmol/l to <1.16 mmol/l with an overall incidence of 112/710 (15.8%). For mortality, modelling with low heterogeneity (I2 39%, Cochrane's Q p = 0.294) identified a non-significant (p = 0.122) estimate of hypocalcaemia increasing mortality (pooled OR 2.26, 95% CI 0.80-6.39). For the pH difference, meta-analysis supported generation of a pooled effect estimate (I2 57%, Cochrane's Q p = 0.100). The effect estimate of the mean pH difference was not significantly different from null (p = 0.657), with the estimated pH slightly lower in hypocalcaemia (Glass D standardized mean difference -0.08, 95% CI -0.43 to 0.27). CONCLUSION: Admission ionised hypocalcaemia was present in at least one in six paediatric major trauma patients. Ionised hypocalcaemia was not identified to have a statistically significant association with mortality or pH difference.


Assuntos
Hipocalcemia , Hipocalcemia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Criança , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Cálcio/sangue , Adolescente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Admissão do Paciente
19.
Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens ; 33(4): 433-440, 2024 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690798

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Activation of the calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) in the parathyroid gland suppresses the release of parathyroid hormone (PTH). Furthermore, activation of the renal CASR directly increases the urinary excretion of calcium, by inhibiting transepithelial calcium transport in the nephron. Gain-of-function mutations in the CASR gene lead to autosomal dominant hypocalcemia 1 (ADH1), with inappropriately low PTH levels and hypocalcemia, indicative of excessive activation of the parathyroid CASR. However, hypercalciuria is not always observed. The reason why the manifestation of hypercalciuria is not uniform among ADH1 patients is not well understood. RECENT FINDINGS: Direct activation of the CASR in the kidney has been cumbersome to study, and an indirect measure to effectively estimate the degree of CASR activation following chronic hypercalcemia or genetic gain-of-function CASR activation has been lacking. Studies have shown that expression of the pore-blocking claudin-14 is strongly stimulated by the CASR in a dose-dependent manner. This stimulatory effect is abolished after renal Casr ablation in hypercalcemic mice, suggesting that claudin-14 abundance may gauge renal CASR activation. Using this marker has led to unexpected discoveries regarding renal CASR activation. SUMMARY: These new studies have informed on renal CASR activation thresholds and the downstream CASR-regulated calcium transport mechanisms.


Assuntos
Rim , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio/metabolismo , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio/genética , Humanos , Animais , Rim/metabolismo , Hipercalciúria/metabolismo , Hipercalciúria/genética , Cálcio/metabolismo , Hipercalcemia/metabolismo , Hipercalcemia/genética , Claudinas/metabolismo , Claudinas/genética , Hipocalcemia , Hipoparatireoidismo/congênito
20.
Intern Med J ; 54(6): 852-860, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38665051

RESUMO

Calcium-sensing receptors (CaSRs) are G protein-coupled receptors that help maintain Ca2+ concentrations, modulating calciotropic hormone release (parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcitonin and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D) by direct actions in the kidneys, gastrointestinal tract and bone. Variability in population calcium levels has been attributed to single nucleotide polymorphisms in CaSR genes, and several conditions affecting calcium and phosphate homeostasis have been attributed to gain- or loss-of-function mutations. An example is autosomal dominant hypercalciuric hypocalcaemia, because of a missense mutation at codon 128 of chromosome 3, as reported in our specific case and her family. As a consequence of treating symptomatic hypocalcaemia as a child, this female subject slowly developed progressive end-stage kidney failure because of nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis. After kidney transplantation, she remains asymptomatic, with decreased vitamin D and elemental calcium requirements, stable fluid and electrolyte homeostasis during intercurrent illnesses and has normalised urinary calcium and phosphate excretion, reducing the likelihood of hypercalciuria-induced graft impairment. We review the actions of the CaSR, its role in regulating renal Ca2+ homeostasis along with the impact of a proven gain-of-function mutation in the CaSR gene resulting in autosomal dominant hypercalciuric hypocalcaemia before and after kidney transplantation.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Homeostase , Transplante de Rim , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio , Humanos , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio/genética , Feminino , Cálcio/metabolismo , Hipocalcemia/genética , Hipocalcemia/etiologia , Hipercalciúria/genética , Hipercalcemia/genética , Rim/metabolismo , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Nefrocalcinose/genética , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Hipoparatireoidismo/congênito
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