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1.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(6): 357, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750287

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Head and neck cancer (HNC) patients often suffer from shame and stigma due to treatment limitations or due to societal factors. The purpose of this study was to assess perceived body image, depression, physical and psychosocial function, and self-stigma, as well as to identify factors that predicted shame and stigma in patients with HNC. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 178 HNC patients from the outpatient radiation department of a medical center in Northern Taiwan. Patients were assessed for patient reported outcomes using the Body Image Scale (BIS), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Depression Subscale (HADS-Depression Subscale), the University of Washington Quality of Life Scale (UW-QOL) version 4.0, and the Shame and Stigma Scale (SSS). Data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, Pearson's product-moment correlation, and multiple regression. RESULTS: The two top-ranked subscales of shame and stigma were: "speech and social concerns" and "regret". Shame and stigma were positively correlated with a longer time since completion of treatment, more body image concerns, and higher levels of depression. They were negatively correlated with being male and having lower physical function. Multiple regression analysis showed that female gender, a longer time since completing treatment, higher levels of body image concern, greater depression, and less physical function predicted greater shame and stigma. These factors explained 74.7% of the variance in shame and stigma. CONCLUSION: Patients' body image concerns, depression, time since completing treatment, and physical function are associated with shame and stigma. Oncology nurses should assess and record psychological status, provide available resources, and refer appropriate HNC patients to counselling.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Depressão , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Qualidade de Vida , Vergonha , Estigma Social , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Idoso , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Adulto , Taiwan , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Sexuais , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
J Ethn Subst Abuse ; 23(2): 201-221, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768079

RESUMO

Familismo, ethnic pride, and ethnic shame were examined as longitudinal predictors of Latinx college student alcohol use and high-risk alcohol-related consequences. Latinx students completed measures during the fall of their first (T1), second (T2), and fourth (T4) year of college. T1 familismo was positively associated with T2 ethnic pride and negatively associated with T2 ethnic shame. T2 ethnic pride was negatively associated with T4 drinking, while T2 ethnic shame was positively associated with T4 drinking. T4 drinking was positively associated with T4 consequences. Results suggest that Latinx ethnic pride and ethnic shame during the second-year of college act as mediators between first-year familismo and fourth-year drinking and consequences.


Assuntos
Consumo de Álcool na Faculdade , Hispânico ou Latino , Estudantes , Humanos , Feminino , Hispânico ou Latino/estatística & dados numéricos , Hispânico ou Latino/psicologia , Consumo de Álcool na Faculdade/etnologia , Adulto Jovem , Masculino , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Longitudinais , Vergonha , Identificação Social
3.
Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being ; 19(1): 2356924, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38796859

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This paper examines the subjective experience of medical interventions on intersex bodies to reduce cancer risk. METHODS: Twenty-five individuals with intersex variations took part in semi-structured interviews, analysed through thematic discourse analysis. RESULTS: Intersex bodies were positioned as inherently sick and in need of modification, with cancer risk legitimating surgical and hormonal intervention. This resulted in embodied shame, with negative impacts on fertility and sexual wellbeing. However, many participants resisted discourses of bio-pathologisation and embraced intersex status. Some medical interventions, such as HRT, were perceived to have increased the risk of cancer. Absence of informed consent, and lack of information about intersex status and the consequences of medical intervention, was positioned as a human rights violation. This was compounded by ongoing medical mismanagement, including health care professional lack of understanding of intersex variations, and the objectification or stigmatization of intersex people within healthcare. The consequence was non-disclosure of intersex status in health contexts and lack of trust in health care professionals. CONCLUSIONS: The legitimacy of poorly-evidenced cancer risk discourses to justify medical intervention on intersex bodies needs to be challenged. Healthcare practitioners need to be provided with education and training about cultural safety practices for working with intersex people.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Neoplasias/psicologia , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Sexual , Medo , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem , Vergonha
4.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 257, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720377

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationships between childhood maltreatment, shame, and self-esteem among juvenile female offenders and to explore the potential influencing factors on their criminal behavior. METHODS: Using a stratified cluster sampling method, 1,227 juvenile female offenders from 11 provinces in China were surveyed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and a self-developed Shame Questionnaire for Juvenile Offenders. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, chi-square tests, t-tests, and structural equation modeling with mediation analysis. RESULTS: (1) Childhood maltreatment have a significant potential influencing factors on criminal behavior; (2) Childhood maltreatment was positively correlated with self-esteem(ß = 0.351, p < 0.001); (3) shame (ß = 0.042, p < 0.001) mediate the relationship between Childhood maltreatment and self-esteem (childhood maltreatment → shame → self-esteem (95% Cl: 0.033, 0.052)). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that childhood maltreatment is a significant predictor of criminal behavior among juvenile female offenders. childhood maltreatment can directly influence of self-esteem, which can also affect juvenile female offenders'self-esteem indirectly through shame. The findings suggest that shame are important variables that mediate the effect of the juvenile female offenders'childhood maltreatment on their self-esteem.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis , Comportamento Criminoso , Criminosos , Autoimagem , Vergonha , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos , Criminosos/psicologia , Criminosos/estatística & dados numéricos , China , Inquéritos e Questionários , Delinquência Juvenil/psicologia , Delinquência Juvenil/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança
6.
Turk Psikiyatri Derg ; 35(1): 8-13, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Transgender and gender diverse (TGD) people experience higher levels of stigma, discrimination, and interpersonal violence due to their gender identity and/or expression, particularly TGD people with a migration background. This study aimed to conduct and evaluate group psychotherapy for TGD migrants to provide opportunities for exploring and developing interpersonal skills and relationships. METHOD: The group therapy included five individuals who identified as TGD and originated from the Middle East. The TGD group therapy consisted of 12 weekly sessions of 90 minutes each and was facilitated by a psychiatrist. All sessions were conducted online and in Turkish. The sessions were guided by the group process and discussions. RESULTS: After completing 12 group therapy sessions, members of the group reported benefiting from observing and emulating others who shared their problem constellation. Through the interpersonal skills that they built up throughout the sessions, they became more open to share their feelings experiencing fewer social barriers, and reduced anxiety. CONCLUSION: This observational study indicates the significance of offering group-based psychotherapy to enhance affirmation and social connection within gender minority groups and emphasizes the need to empirically evaluate the effectiveness of group psychotherapy with TGD individuals, with special attention to the unique needs of TGD migrants.


Assuntos
Pessoas Transgênero , Migrantes , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Vergonha , Ansiedade
7.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613032

RESUMO

Weight bias and weight stigma pose significant challenges in healthcare, particularly affecting obesity management practices and patient care quality. Our study evaluates their prevalence and impact among healthcare professionals in Poland. Using the Fat Phobia Scale and custom questions, we surveyed 686 professionals via Computer-Assisted Web Interview (CAWI). Results reveal a moderate level of explicit weight bias (mean score: 3.60 ± 0.57), with significant variations across professional groups: physicians (3.70 ± 0.48), dietitians (3.51 ± 0.48), and others (3.44 ± 0.77). Common feelings towards individuals with obesity include willingness to help (57.0%) and compassion (37.8%), yet 29.9% perceive obesity as shameful. The results also vary depending on the respondent's sex or BMI. These findings underscore the need for evidence-based interventions to mitigate weight stigma and enhance understanding of obesity among healthcare professionals.


Assuntos
Nutricionistas , Médicos , Preconceito de Peso , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Polônia , Vergonha , Obesidade/epidemiologia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38673297

RESUMO

The literature unequivocally demonstrates that lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals experience disproportionate mental health and social wellbeing impacts. Here, we respond to recent calls for research in the field of sexual minority health to better understand why various overlapping and intersecting identities can further drive health disparities. In this paper, we focus on the specific intersections of ethnicity and sexuality for Asian LGB individuals and the role of internalized stigma in driving poorer mental health outcomes for this group. We recruited 148 LGB Asian participants residing in the United States (Mage = 22.82 years, SD = 4.88) to participate in our online cross-sectional survey in which we collected data on their internalized stigma, levels of guilt and shame about their sexuality, and measures of depression, anxiety, and distress. Contrary to our predictions, there were no bivariate relationships between internalized sexual stigma and any of the mental health outcomes. However, a parallel mediation analysis revealed that guilt, but not shame, mediates the relationship between internalized sexual stigma and all mental health outcomes (depression, anxiety, and stress) for LGB Asian American individuals. This research highlights the important of exploring additional variables that may exacerbate of protect against poor mental health for individuals with multiple intersecting identities.


Assuntos
Asiático , Culpa , Saúde Mental , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Vergonha , Estigma Social , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Asiático/psicologia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Estados Unidos , Adolescente , Bissexualidade/psicologia , Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia , Homossexualidade Masculina/etnologia , Depressão/psicologia , Depressão/etnologia
9.
Appetite ; 198: 107364, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642722

RESUMO

The cognitive mechanisms through which specific life events affect the development and maintenance of eating disorders (ED) have received limited attention in the scientific literature. The present research aims to address this gap by adopting a memory perspective to explore the type of life events associated with eating psychopathology and how these events are encoded and reconstructed as memories. Two studies (n = 208 and n = 193) were conducted to investigate the relationship between specific memories and eating disorder psychopathology. Study 1 focused on parent-related memories, while Study 2 examined childhood/adolescence memories. Results from both studies revealed that need thwarting and shame in memories were associated with eating disorder symptoms, but only when individuals drew symbolic connections between these memories and food or eating behavior. Moreover, need thwarting and shame in such memories were associated with other eating and body image outcomes, including uncontrolled eating and body esteem. These results also held after controlling for a host of known predictors of eating disorder psychopathology, such as BMI, perfectionism, or thin ideal internalization. Overall, the present findings suggest that the reprocessing of memories symbolically and idiosyncratically linked to food and eating behavior might be a fruitful clinical intervention.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Memória , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Masculino , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Criança , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Adulto , Vergonha , Autoimagem , Índice de Massa Corporal
10.
Issues Ment Health Nurs ; 45(5): 453-467, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588663

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to describe the lived experience and meaning of being a 'sex offender' for the individual who is reintegrating into society, considering issues associated with self-perception, perception of others, stigma and humanization. Fourteen male adults were invited to participate in this hermeneutic phenomenological study. Data analysis was completed using an iterative process as described by van Manen. Five major themes were identified: exposed secret leads to humiliation; being considered a sex offender is living in fear of the unknown; stigma and shame consume the identity of the individual charged with a sexual offense; reframing and "leveling" of the crime are coping strategies; and the path toward healing and forgiveness is complex. Contextualizing individuals' experiences and examining barriers and motivators post-charge are essential to minimize stigma and risk factors linked to recidivism, as well as to facilitate recovery and healing.


Assuntos
Hermenêutica , Delitos Sexuais , Estigma Social , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adaptação Psicológica , Autoimagem , Vergonha , Adulto Jovem , Criminosos/psicologia
12.
Drug Alcohol Depend ; 258: 111253, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interpersonal trauma is a risk factor for a wide array of adverse mental health outcomes, including substance use. Research has begun investigating the role of shame in the intersection between substance use and interpersonal trauma. The current systematic review summarizes the existing literature documenting the relation among shame, substance use, and interpersonal trauma. METHOD: Articles were collected using a Boolean search strategy of terms related to interpersonal trauma, substance use, and shame across six databases. Independent search and screening by three researchers led to a final review of 27 articles, 15 of which were qualitative studies. RESULTS: Findings highlight robust associations among shame, interpersonal violence, and substance use across varied samples. Findings emphasize that increased shame is associated with greater substance use among survivors of interpersonal violence and elevated shame and greater interpersonal violence are present among individuals who use substances given the high prevalence rates. Burgeoning research suggests that shame mediates the relationship between interpersonal violence and substance use. CONCLUSION: Results from our review suggest that shame may be an important treatment target for individuals presenting with substance use and a history of interpersonal violence. Future studies, with longitudinal designs, are needed to parse out the temporal relation among shame, substance use, and interpersonal violence.


Assuntos
Relações Interpessoais , Vergonha , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Humanos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Violência/psicologia , Fatores de Risco
13.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0289664, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442107

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Traumatic event exposure is a risk factor for the development and maintenance of psychopathology. Social-affective responses to trauma exposure (e.g. shame, guilt, revenge, social alienation) could moderate this relationship, but little is known about their relevance for different types of psychopathology. Moreover, the interplay of different social-affective responses to trauma exposure in predicting psychopathology is poorly understood. METHODS: In a sample of N = 1321 trauma-exposed German soldiers, we examined cross-sectional associations of trauma-related social alienation, revenge, guilt and shame with depressive disorder, alcohol use disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder and dimensional measures of depression and anxiety. Latent class analysis was conducted to identify possible patterns of social-affective responses to trauma exposure, and their relation to psychopathology. RESULTS: All social-affective responses to trauma exposure predicted current posttraumatic stress disorder, depressive disorder, alcohol use disorder and higher depressive and anxiety symptoms. Three latent classes fitted the data best, reflecting groups with (1) low, (2) moderate and (3) high risk for social-affective responses to trauma exposure. The low-risk group demonstrated the lowest expressions on all psychopathology measures. CONCLUSIONS: Trauma-related social alienation, shame, guilt, and revenge are characteristic of individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder, depressive disorder, alcohol use disorder, and with higher anxiety and depressive symptoms. There was little evidence for distinctive patterns of social-affective responses to trauma exposure despite variation in the overall proneness to show social-affective responses. Social-affective responses to trauma exposure could represent promising treatment targets for both cognitive and emotion-focused interventions.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade , Culpa , Vergonha
14.
Lancet ; 403(10429): 781, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431338
15.
Int Wound J ; 21(3): e14793, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453161

RESUMO

Shame has an important impact on the mental health and quality of life of patients. The shame in patients with ureterostomy after cystectomy remains unclear. This survey aimed to evaluate the status quo and influencing factors of shame in patients with ureterostomy after cystectomy, to provide support for the clinical care. Patients with ureterostomy after cystectomy treated in the wound stomy clinic of a third-class hospital from 1 June 2022 to 31 July 2023 were included. General data questionnaire and social impact scale (SIS) were used for data collection. Univariate and multiple linear regression analysis were performed to evaluate the influencing factors of shame in patients with ureterostomy after cystectomy. One hundred and sixty four patients with ureterostomy after cystectomy were included. The total score of shame in patients with ureterostomy was (60.75 ± 6.31), which was in the high level. Age (r = 0.442), home place (r = 0.427), per capita monthly household income (r = 0.605), self-care ability (r = 0.597) and complications of stoma (r = 0.542) were correlated with the SIS score in patients with ureterostomy after cystectomy (all p < 0.05). Multiple linear regression analyses indicated that age, home place, per capita monthly household income, self-care ability and complications of stoma were the influencing factors of SIS score in patients with ureterostomy after cystectomy (all p < 0.05). The five variables explained 64.5% of the patients' sense of shame variation. Patients with ureterostomy after cystectomy have a serious sense of shame in the early stage after operation and there are many influencing factors. Health care providers should take early nursing interventions targeted on those influencing factors to reduce the patients' sense of shame.


Assuntos
Ureterostomia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Vergonha
16.
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry ; 84: 101954, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is not only associated with fear but also with other emotions. The present study aimed to examine if changes in shame, guilt, anger, and disgust predicted changes in PTSD symptoms during treatment, while also testing if PTSD symptoms, in turn, predicted changes in these emotions. METHODS: Participants (N = 155) with childhood-related PTSD received a maximum of 12 sessions of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing or imagery rescripting. The data was analyzed using Granger causality models across 12 treatment sessions and 6 assessment sessions (up until one year after the start of treatment). Differences between the two treatments were explored. RESULTS: Across treatment sessions, shame, and disgust showed a reciprocal relationship with PTSD symptoms, while changes in guilt preceded PTSD symptoms. Across assessments, anger was reciprocally related to PTSD, suggesting that anger might play a more important role in the longer term. LIMITATIONS: The individual emotion items were not yet validated, and the CAPS was not administered at all assessments. CONCLUSIONS: These findings partly differ from earlier studies that suggested a unidirectional relationship in which changes in emotions preceded changes in PTSD symptoms during treatment. This is in line with the idea that non-fear emotions do play an important role in the treatment of PTSD and constitute an important focus of treatment and further research.


Assuntos
Emoções , Dessensibilização e Reprocessamento através dos Movimentos Oculares , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/fisiopatologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Emoções/fisiologia , Ira/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vergonha , Adulto Jovem , Imagens, Psicoterapia/métodos , Culpa , Asco
17.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 96(1): 11-17, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With few psychometrically evaluated HIV-related stigma measures for adolescents and young adults living with HIV, we examined the developmental applicability (ie, validity) of 2 subscales of the commonly used stigma measure, the Social Impact Scale, among a cohort of adolescents and young adults with perinatally acquired HIV. SETTING: Data were obtained from a New York City longitudinal study (N = 340). This study primarily comprised Black and Latinx adolescents and young adults with either perinatally acquired HIV or those with perinatal exposure but who are uninfected. Data for this analysis were obtained from the population with perinatally acquired HIV and spanned approximately a 15-year survey period (2003-2018). METHODS: A confirmatory factor analysis was used at 7 time points to assess whether the Social Rejection and Internalized Shame subscales were consistent in this cohort over time. Overall and individual Cronbach alphas were reported to show the strength of the internal consistency. RESULTS: The mean age from baseline to follow-up 6 ranged from 12 to 23 years over the study period. The Social Rejection subscale was acceptably valid across follow-up periods with strong factor loadings and Cronbach alphas higher than 0.70. However, the Internalized Shame subscale was less valid among younger adolescents. Starting at follow-up 2, we observed better validity with the Internalized Shame subscale performance. CONCLUSION: Future research must consider mechanisms for developing and adapting measures from a developmental perspective to best measure the experiences of HIV-related stigma among younger populations.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Criança , Adulto , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Mudança Social , Estigma Social , Vergonha
19.
Women Health ; 64(3): 250-260, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343133

RESUMO

Women experiencing homelessness are marginalized not only through their housing status but also through their access and ability to manage their menstrual health. Currently, there are no existing published reviews exploring this topic. This study aimed to begin closing that gap, by systematically reviewing the literature examining women's experiences of menstruation whilst being homeless. In June 2020 (and updated in December 2022), we conducted comprehensive and systematic searches of four electronic databases: Medline, Web of Science, CINAHL, and PsychINFO, from which nine studies were found. The findings were thematically analyzed, using the enhancing transparency in reporting the synthesis of qualitative research tools (ENTREQ) guidelines. Three themes related to menstrual experiences were found: (1) challenges in the logistics of managing menstruation while homeless, (2) feelings of embarrassment, shame, and dignity linked to maintaining menstrual health, and (3) making do: how people experiencing homelessness manage challenges related to menstruation. We discuss barriers women face in getting necessary products and in accessing private, safe, and clean facilities to manage menstrual health. The study found that women living with homelessness often abandon other basic needs in favor of managing menstruation (i.e. using unsuitable materials, stealing, etc.), which furthers their risk. The findings highlight the need for future research to investigate the experiences of women who are menstruating while being homeless and what support they would find helpful. Results show that it is high time for commissioners and policy-makers to address the provision of menstrual resources as a basic human right.


Assuntos
Pessoas Mal Alojadas , Humanos , Feminino , Problemas Sociais , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Vergonha , Menstruação
20.
Curr Opin Psychiatry ; 37(3): 177-184, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415743

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Social withdrawal syndrome, known as "hikikomori," has been highlighted since the late 1990 s in Japan. Hikikomori is more common in urban areas, and often comorbid with mental disorders, and now spreading throughout the world. In the post-COVID-19 era, not outing is no longer considered pathological in itself as the "new normal," and a novel concept of hikikomori is needed. This review summarizes the concept of hikikomori, and presents the latest methods for identification of hikikomori. RECENT FINDINGS: The novel definition can distinguish between pathological and non-pathological hikikomori using the scale of "Hikikomori Diagnostic Evaluation (HiDE)," which has been developed in the hikikomori research lab at Kyushu University. An online survey among non-working adults has revealed that persons who have become pathological hikikomori for less than three months showed a particularly strong tendency toward gaming disorder and depression. SUMMARY: Now, physical isolation itself is not pathological, but when dysfunction and distress are present, rapid mental health support should be provided. In the novel urban society, the establishment of a checkup system to assess whether persons who stay home are happy or suffering is important for prevention against mental disorders triggered by social isolation.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Fobia Social , Adulto , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Comorbidade , Vergonha
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