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1.
J Environ Manage ; 301: 113839, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592663

RESUMO

The ecological compensation (EC) mechanism is an innovative institutional arrangement which can effectively realize the coordinated development of social-economic growth and ecological protection. The current research on the evaluation of the implementation effect of EC mechanism mainly focuses on its environmental performance, how the EC mechanism guides the economically underdeveloped areas in the upper reaches of the basin to embark on the road of high-quality economic development, especially the mechanism of how EC triggers the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure, it is a topic worthy of in-depth discussion. This study takes China's first cross-provincial horizontal EC mechanism pilot (Xin'an River Basin EC) as the research object and regards it as a quasi-natural experiment. This paper selects the annual panel data of the 11 cities involved from 2009 to 2019 and builds a DID model to study the mechanism of EC affecting industrial structure adjustment systematically. The results show that the EC mechanism mainly promotes the adjustment of the industrial structure in the pilot area through two paths, this is achieved by triggering the transfer of backward or highly polluting industries and promoting the upgrading of the industrial structure. At the same time, technological innovation plays a part intermediary role in the impact of EC to promote the upgrading of industrial structure. Further analysis found that the larger the funds of compensation input, the higher the assessment intensity, the better the effects are. Finally, this study puts forward relevant policy recommendations to further release the potential of the horizontal EC for the reference of decision-makers.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Econômico , Indústrias , China , Cidades , Invenções , Rios
3.
Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi ; 77(10): 1173-1179, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670924

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We developed a novel system to measure air leakage in vacuum cushions, which are used in high-precision radiation therapy. The purpose of this study was to verify the usefulness of this system by evaluating the accuracy and the capability for detecting air leakage. METHODS AND RESULTS: The novel system was used to measure pressure in the cushion using a manometer. The advantage of this system was that we can measure the pressure without deformation of the cushion and check the pressure immediately. We confirmed that the pressure measured using this system is proportional to the reading in the reference manometer by the coefficient of 1.0. This system had a higher capability in the leak detection than the capability by checking softness in our sense of touch. We checked the leakage using this system against 18 cushions without air leakage (NL group) and 7 cushions that had problems regarding usage in patients due to the leakage (CW group). Average pressure variations in the NL group and the CW group were 22 kPa and 46 kPa, respectively. This was a significant difference in both groups. We could decide the criteria of pressure in the cushions that may cause troubles in the future use. CONCLUSION: We concluded that this system can detect air leakage in the cushions with a higher detectivity than our tactile sense.


Assuntos
Invenções , Humanos , Pressão , Vácuo
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639770

RESUMO

The eco-efficiency of the Yangtze River Economic Belt from 2005 to 2019 has been evaluated by the super-efficiency SBM window model, the results of which are taken as the measurement standard for green development. Next, more attempts have been done to figure out the impacts of green technological innovation on the green development in urban clusters of the Yangtze River Economic Belt by a systematic GMM model, further confirming the moderation effect of dual environmental regulations on the relationship between green technological innovation and green development and the heterogeneity in different urban clusters of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. Finally, it is a fact that a cascade has been pointed out in green development of the Yangtze River Economic Zone. With an empirical analysis, it has been found that green technological innovation has a positive moderating effect on green development in the downstream regions, and the relationship between green technological innovation and green development is positively affected by the formal environmental regulations in the overall Yangtze River Economic Zone and the midstream region. Meanwhile, informal environmental regulations play a positive role in moderating the links between green technological innovation and green development in the overall Yangtze River Economic Zone, as well as the upstream, midstream and downstream regions. Based on the conclusions of the research, some policy suggestions of a multi-environmental regulation governance system and regional differentiated environmental regulation are given at last.


Assuntos
Invenções , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , China , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Eficiência , Rios
5.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0257636, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634048

RESUMO

Building an innovative country is a clear strategy for my country to promote economic, industrial, and social development. Mastering the status quo and late-comer advantages of technological innovation in my country's provinces is an important prerequisite for accurately positioning the innovation mission of each province. This article innovatively uses innovation concentration and innovation potential to measure and analyze the provincial scientific and technological innovation level at the inventory and incremental level. Taking the cross-sectional data of 31 provinces in my country in 2019 as a sample, construct the provincial "innovation potential-innovation concentration" evaluation The index system, through the entropy weight method, determines the weight of each evaluation index, and uses the TOPSIS method to conduct multi-objective evaluation of each province. According to the calculation results of provincial scientific and technological innovation concentration and innovation potential, an in-depth interpretation of the spatial distribution of my country's provincial scientific and technological innovation echelon is carried out. The study found that: the innovation concentration and innovation potential matrix echelon division of my country's provinces is divided into four echelons, namely high innovation. The echelon of drivers with high concentration and high innovation potential, the echelon of followers with high innovation concentration and low innovation potential, the echelon of dark horses with low innovation concentration and high innovation potential, and the echelon of latecomers with low innovation concentration and low innovation potential. Finally, the positioning strategy of the innovation mission of each echelon province is put forward to provide reference and enlightenment for the construction of innovative provinces and the promotion of a scientific and technological power.


Assuntos
Invenções , Pesquisa , Algoritmos , China , Criatividade , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Humanos , Indústrias , Ciência
6.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(suppl 6): e20200145, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to report the construction of a process model to support the decision making of operating room nurses to control the risk for perioperative positioning injury. METHODS: experience report on a process model that helps nurses with decision making regarding clients at risk for perioperative positioning injury. By following the steps, it was possible to identify intrinsic and extrinsic variables of the literature and of the workflows of teams involved in the positioning of the client for surgery. The Business Process Model and Notation, the Bizagi Modeler software and terms from the International Classification for Nursing Practice were used in the model. RESULTS: the experience allowed the observation of the knowledge integration between different areas, which enabled the process modeling and its validation. CONCLUSIONS: process modeling is an innovative option for the development of support systems for clinical nursing decisions.


Assuntos
Invenções , Humanos , Fluxo de Trabalho
7.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 329-333, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505437

RESUMO

China is one of the countries with the highest disease burden of echinococcosis in the world. China's progress in echinococcosis control started with limited scientific research projects, followed by nationwide epidemiological surveys, and then launched a national echinococcosis control programme on the basis of a pilot intervention project. During this process, science-based control and technological innovations have been integrated into echinococcosis control in China. The concept and mechanism innovations-based echinococcosis control models and successful experiences in highly endemic foci promote the sustainable echinococcosis control achievements in China. In addition, the joint echinococcosis prevention and control and sharing of successful experiences with other echinococcosis-endemic countries will provide China's wisdom, China's strategy and China's contributions to global echinococcosis control and the health of human beings.


Assuntos
Equinococose , China , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Equinococose/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Invenções
8.
J Environ Manage ; 300: 113685, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517232

RESUMO

The effect of environmental regulations on the nexus between financial development and biased technological innovation is a prerequisite for optimizing systems of environmental and financial policies to gain sustainable development goals (SDGs) in emerging markets. Drawing on China's city-level data from 2003 to 2018, we established econometric models and obtained the following empirical results. Financial development (FD) can promote energy- and environmental-biased technological progress, but, owing to the inverted U-shaped relationship, economic development, and resource endowment, the impact that FD has on biased technological progress is heterogeneous; unreasonable FD will also hinder green technological progress. Threshold model shows that with the improvement of environmental regulation, the impact of energy- and environmental-biased technological progress is also increasing. The development of green finance under SDGs is an important driving force in green technological progress. Finally, we offer suggestions to optimize environmental and financial policymaking and implementation from a government intervention perspective.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Econômico , Invenções , China , Governo , Modelos Econométricos , Tecnologia
9.
J Environ Manage ; 300: 113686, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521008

RESUMO

Due to global warming and increasingly severe resource and environmental constraints, the role of renewable energy in reducing pollutant emissions and mitigating environmental degradation has gradually attracted the attention of all countries. This study examines the relationship between government corruption, market segmentation, and renewable energy technology innovation. The regression results show that government corruption can increase the degree of market segmentation, and both government corruption and market segmentation can significantly reduce regional renewable energy technology innovation. Further analysis shows that the improvement in market segmentation can lead to a negative moderating effect of corruption on renewable energy technology innovation. In addition, corruption and market segmentation have complementary effects on the impact of renewable energy technology innovation. The improvement of corruption level can increase the negative influences of market segmentation on renewable energy technology innovation. Similarly, the higher degree of market segmentation can increase the restraining effect of corruption on renewable energy technology innovation. Therefore, this study provides a valuable reference for all countries to accelerate the construction of regional market integration, break through interprovincial barriers, and improve renewable energy technology innovation.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , China , Governo , Invenções , Energia Renovável
10.
J Environ Manage ; 300: 113687, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530370

RESUMO

China's economy is changing from high-speed growth to high-quality development. Now its development is green and sustainable, characterized by low energy consumption and high innovation. Under the circumstance, it is vital to research on the threshold effects of energy consumption, technological innovation, and supply chain management on enterprise performance in China's manufacturing industry. This study selects data from 115 manufacturing companies listed in the Stock Exchange of Shanghai and Shenzhen from 2010 to 2019 as samples. We adopt the panel threshold model to analyze the impact of energy consumption, technological innovation, and supply chain management on enterprise performance. Our results show that energy consumption, technology innovation and supply chain management all have non-linear relationship on enterprise performance. There is an inverse S-shaped relationship between energy consumption and enterprise performance, and a significant threshold effect of technology innovation. Moreover, technological innovation has a two-sided effect on enterprise performance. In addition, supply chain management has a significant positive impact on enterprise performance. According to the project of China's carbon peaking by 2030, we put forward some methods for energy conservation, emission reduction, cost saving, and efficiency improvement for China's manufacturing industry. We also provide some suggestions for enhancing enterprises' technological innovation and supply chain management.


Assuntos
Indústrias , Invenções , China , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Indústria Manufatureira
12.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(suppl 5): e74Suppl501, 2021 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468537

Assuntos
Invenções , Humanos
13.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256956, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473792

RESUMO

This study investigates the topology and dynamics of collaboration networks that exist between inventors and their patent co-authors for patents granted by the USPTO from 2007-2019 (2,241,201 patents and 1,879,037 inventors). We study changes in the configurations of different technology fields via the power-law, small-world, preferential attachment, shrinking diameter, densification law, and gelling point hypotheses. Similar to the existing literature, we obtain mixed results. Based on network statistics, we argue that the sudden rise of large networks in six technology sectors can be understood as a phase transition in which small, isolated networks form one giant component. In two other technology sectors, such a transition occurred much later and much less dramatically. The examination of inventor networks over time reveals the increased complexity of all technology sectors, regardless of the individual characteristics of the network. Therefore, we introduce ideas associated with the technological diversification of inventors to complement our analysis, and we find evidence that inventors tend to diversify into new fields that are less mature. This behavior appears to be correlated with the compliance of some of the expected network rules and has implications for the emerging patterns among the different collaboration networks under consideration here.


Assuntos
Propriedade Intelectual , Invenções , Inventores , Patentes como Assunto , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Interação Social , Análise de Rede Social
14.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257670, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551024

RESUMO

Innovation and green are the directions to promote the circular economy and environmental sustainability at the corporate level. This paper examines the impact of environmental regulation (pollution charge) on green technology innovation and the mediating role of corporate environmental responsibility. Our results indicate that: (1) Environmental regulations stimulate manufacturing enterprises' environmental responsibility and green technology innovation. It is worth noting that corporate environmental responsibility strengthens the relationship between environmental regulation and green technology innovation. (2) Further investigation reveals that R&D expenditure and environmental investment have greatly strengthened the positive effect of environmental regulation on green technology innovation. (3) With more detailed disclosure about enterprises' environment-related information, the more outstanding stimulation effects of environmental regulation. Discussions on the features of enterprise location have revealed that, if the goal of environmental protection is set too high or if the fiscal decentralization is too strong, implementation of environmental regulation would not achieve desirable results. Accordingly, we need to optimize the collection of environmental taxes, strengthen the enterprises' environmental responsibility, and increase investment in R&D and environment protection. Meanwhile, the execution of environmental regulation should also take into account the institutional environment and governance features of the enterprise locations.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Invenções , Pesquisa Empírica , Poluição Ambiental , Organizações
15.
Am J Nurs ; 121(10): 46-50, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554984

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Advances in medical device technology have led to greater connectivity with other devices, networks, and systems, raising concerns about associated security risks. Many clinicians, as well as the patients who rely on these lifesaving devices, are unaware of these risks and how they can be mitigated. This article describes several types of cyberattacks, including medjacking, hacking, and ransomware, and what nurses can do to guard against security threats and educate patients.


Assuntos
Segurança Computacional/tendências , Equipamentos e Provisões/normas , Tecnologia sem Fio/tendências , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Humanos , Invenções , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Marca-Passo Artificial , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574428

RESUMO

As the continuous changes in environmental regulations have a non-negligible impact on the innovation activities of micro subjects, and economic policy uncertainty has become one of the important influencing factors to be considered in the development of enterprises. Therefore, based on the panel data of Chinese high-tech enterprises from 2012-2017, this paper explores the impact of heterogeneous environmental regulations on firms' green innovation from the perspective of economic policy uncertainty as a moderating variable. The empirical results show that, first, market-incentivized environmental regulation instruments have an inverted U-shaped relationship with innovation output, while voluntary environmental regulation produces a significant positive impact. Second, the U-shaped relationship between market-based environmental regulation and innovation output becomes more pronounced when economic policy uncertainty is high. However, it plays a negative moderating role in regulating the relationship between voluntary-based environmental regulation and innovation output. This paper not only illustrates the process of technological innovation by revealing the intrinsic mechanism of environmental regulation on firm innovation, but also provides insights for government in environmental governance from the perspective of economic policy uncertainty as well.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Política Ambiental , China , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Humanos , Invenções , Incerteza
17.
Nature ; 597(7874): 139-140, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417585
18.
Front Public Health ; 9: 723557, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368074

RESUMO

This study examines the asymmetric impact of human capital investment, and technological innovation on population health from the years spanning from 1991 to 2019, by using a panel of the BRICS countries. For this purpose, we have employed the PMG panel NARDL approach, which captures the long-run and short-run dynamics of the concerned variables. The empirical results show that human capital investment and technological innovation indeed happen to exert asymmetric effects on the dynamics of health in BRICS countries. Findings also reveal that increased human capital investment and technological innovation have positive effects on health, while the deceased human capital investment and technological innovation tend to have negative effects on population health in the long run. Based on these revelations, some policy recommendations have been proposed for BRICS economies.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Econômico , Saúde da População , Dióxido de Carbono , Humanos , Invenções , Investimentos em Saúde
19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(15)2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372440

RESUMO

Nowadays, governments launch open government data (OGD) portals that provide data that can be accessed and used by everyone for their own needs. Although the potential economic value of open (government) data is assessed in millions and billions, not all open data are reused. Moreover, the open (government) data initiative as well as users' intent for open (government) data are changing continuously and today, in line with IoT and smart city trends, real-time data and sensor-generated data have higher interest for users. These "smarter" open (government) data are also considered to be one of the crucial drivers for the sustainable economy, and might have an impact on information and communication technology (ICT) innovation and become a creativity bridge in developing a new ecosystem in Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0. The paper inspects OGD portals of 60 countries in order to understand the correspondence of their content to the Society 5.0 expectations. The paper provides a report on how much countries provide these data, focusing on some open (government) data success facilitating factors for both the portal in general and data sets of interest in particular. The presence of "smarter" data, their level of accessibility, availability, currency and timeliness, as well as support for users, are analyzed. The list of most competitive countries by data category are provided. This makes it possible to understand which OGD portals react to users' needs, Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0 request the opening and updating of data for their further potential reuse, which is essential in the digital data-driven world.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Ecossistema , Cidades , Governo , Invenções
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445293

RESUMO

In this research, we synthesize and characterize poly(glycerol sebacate) pre-polymer (pPGS) (1H NMR, FTiR, GPC, and TGA). Nano-hydroxyapatite (HAp) is synthesized using the wet precipitation method. Next, the materials are used to prepare a PGS-based composite with a 25 wt.% addition of HAp. Microporous composites are formed by means of thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) followed by thermal cross-linking (TCL) and salt leaching (SL). The manufactured microporous materials (PGS and PGS/HAp) are then subjected to imaging by means of SEM and µCT for the porous structure characterization. DSC, TGA, and water contact angle measurements are used for further evaluation of the materials. To assess the cytocompatibility and biological potential of PGS-based composites, preosteoblasts and differentiated hFOB 1.19 osteoblasts are employed as in vitro models. Apart from the cytocompatibility, the scaffolds supported cell adhesion and were readily populated by the hFOB1.19 preosteoblasts. HAp-facilitated scaffolds displayed osteoconductive properties, supporting the terminal differentiation of osteoblasts as indicated by the production of alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin and osteopontin. Notably, the PGS/HAp scaffolds induced the production of significant amounts of osteoclastogenic cytokines: IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α, which induced scaffold remodeling and promoted the reconstruction of bone tissue. Initial biocompatibility tests showed no signs of adverse effects of PGS-based scaffolds toward adult BALB/c mice.


Assuntos
Substitutos Ósseos/síntese química , Decanoatos/química , Durapatita/química , Glicerol/análogos & derivados , Polímeros/química , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Tecidos Suporte/química , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Substitutos Ósseos/química , Substitutos Ósseos/farmacologia , Substitutos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso e Ossos/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Glicerol/química , Humanos , Invenções , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/fisiologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Polímeros/síntese química , Porosidade , Engenharia Tecidual/tendências
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