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1.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0298273, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38837954

RESUMO

Prior research suggests that members of terrorist groups prioritize forming network ties based on trust to improve their organizational and operational security. The homophily principle, which postulates that individuals tend to form relationships based on shared characteristics, can be a key mechanism through which people identify trustworthy associates. Next to homophily, the mechanism of establishing interconnected relationships through transitivity is also well-known to serve this purpose and shape community structures in social networks. We analyze the community structures of the Islamist co-offending network in the United States, which is highly violent, to assess whether homophily and transitivity determine which extremists form co-offending ties. We rely on a new database on the individual attributes and the co-offending relationships of 494 Islamist offenders radicalized in the United States between 1993 and 2020. Using community detection algorithms, we show that the US Islamist co-offending network is highly clustered, modular, and includes many small but only a few large communities. Furthermore, results from exponential random graph modeling show that transitive relationships as well as spatial proximity, ideological affiliation, and shared socio-cultural characteristics drive co-offending among US Islamist extremists. Overall, these findings demonstrate that the processes of homophily and transitivity shape violent social networks.


Assuntos
Islamismo , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Rede Social , Masculino , Feminino , Terrorismo , Violência
2.
J Med Biogr ; 32(2): 220-228, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832559

RESUMO

Mukhtar Ahmad Ansari was a doctor and remarkable political figure in the late 19th century and the first half of 20th century. After studying medicine in Edinburgh, he returned to his country and became interested in political issues. Not unlike other educated Indian Muslims, Ansari first expressed his concerns about the situation in the Ottoman empire and went to Istanbul as the head of the medical mission. Ansari, who became more interested in politics after his days in Istanbul, came to the forefront as one of the leading figures of the Indian independence movement. Along with Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948), Ansari did not engage in violence but supported the unity of Muslims and Hindus and opposed communalism. Despite his active political life, Ansari continued his medical studies with great seriousness and played an active role in establishing the Delhi Medical Association in 1914. During this period, his most important aim was to graft animal testicles onto human beings.


Assuntos
Islamismo , História do Século XX , Índia , História do Século XIX , Islamismo/história , Médicos/história , Império Otomano , Humanos , Altruísmo , Política , Escócia
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12622, 2024 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824134

RESUMO

South Africans are not accustomed to the dry arid climate and sweltering heat in Saudi Arabia. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to identify the common health conditions pre-Hajj, during the 5 days of Hajj and on return to South Africa from Hajj amongst the 2023 pilgrims. A QR code and a mobile link to a self-administered questionnaire was sent to all 3500 South African pilgrims. Five hundred and seventy-seven pilgrims returned the completed surveys. Mean age of the participants was 48 years (SD 12) with a higher female representation (3:2). Forty eight percent (279) had pre-existing chronic conditions. Forty five percent (259) reported being ill during their stay in the Kingdom, 20% (115) reported having an illness during the main 5 days, whilst 51% (293) reported having an illness within 7 days of returning to South Africa. Only six pilgrims were admitted to hospital after their return home. Respiratory tract linked symptoms were the most frequently reported (95% pre Hajj and 99% post Hajj). Participants who reported having a chronic condition (AOR 1.52 95% CI 1.09-2.11) and engaging in independent exercising prior to Hajj (AOR 1.52-1.07-2.10) were at an increased likelihood of developing an illness within 7 days of returning home. Post travel surveillance swabs to identify potential pathogens that the returning pilgrims are incubating should be explored to guide further interventions.


Assuntos
Viagem , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Viagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Adulto , Islamismo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Morbidade , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Idoso
5.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act ; 21(1): 63, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38867226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Islamic leaders, staff, and Muslim parents in the UK are supportive of healthy lifestyle intervention delivery through Islamic Religious Settings. Such interventions are necessary given high obesity rates in British South Asian (40%) compared to White British (32%) children of equivalent age. Co-production can facilitate the development of culturally appropriate health interventions, however it can be theoretically and practically challenging, and evaluation of co-production within an Islamic Religious Setting context is lacking. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of taking a co-production approach to develop an obesity-prevention toolkit for Islamic Religious Settings. METHODS: An obesity-prevention toolkit for use in Islamic Religious Settings, incorporating physical activity, healthy diet, and organisational change, has been co-produced to be evidence-informed and contextually relevant. A qualitative process evaluation was employed to examine experiences of co-production. Semi-structured interviews (n = 15) and a focus group (n = 5) were conducted with toolkit co-production stakeholders, e.g., subject experts, an Islamic scholar, and Islamic Religious Setting staff. Transcripts were analysed inductively using reflexive thematic analysis. RESULTS: The analysis revealed four major themes regarding stakeholders' experiences of co-producing a childhood obesity-prevention toolkit for Islamic Religious Settings. These themes are: (1) attitudes towards obesity-prevention through Islamic Religious Settings, (2) benefits of co-production including capacity building and ownership (3) negotiating involvement, power, and perspectives within the co-production process, and (4) the complexities of effective communication in co-production. CONCLUSION: This study adds to the evidence-base in support of delivering health promotion through faith settings. Taking a co-production approach to develop an obesity-prevention toolkit for Islamic Religious Settings provided benefit to the toolkit product and local stakeholders. The toolkit is currently being implemented across Bradford, UK and there is potential to adapt the toolkit to other geographical contexts, and for evaluating effectiveness for preventing obesity in British Muslim families.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Islamismo , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Feminino , Masculino , Grupos Focais , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Reino Unido , Exercício Físico , Obesidade Infantil/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Criança , Dieta Saudável/métodos
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13855, 2024 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38879576

RESUMO

Data on the pathophysiological mechanisms of hemostatic alterations in the thrombotic events that occur during Ramadan intermittent fasting (RIF), particularly in the natural coagulation inhibitors, are very limited. Thus, our objective was to evaluate the effect of RIF on the natural anticoagulants level, antithrombin, protein C, and total and free protein S (PS) in healthy participants. Participants were divided into two groups. Group I consisted of 29 healthy fasting participants whose blood samples were taken after 20 days of fasting. Group II included 40 healthy non-fasting participants whose blood samples were taken 2-4 weeks before the month of Ramadan. Coagulation screening tests including prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and plasma fibrinogen level, natural anticoagulants; antithrombin, protein C, free and total PS and C4 binding protein (C4BP) levels were evaluated in the two groups. High levels of total and free PS without change in antithrombin, protein C, and C4BP levels were noted in the fasting group as compared with non-fasting ones (p < 0.05). PT and APTT showed no difference between the two groups. However, the fibrinogen level was higher in the fasting group. In conclusion, RIF was found to be associated with improved anticoagulant activity in healthy participants, which may provide temporal physiological protection against the development of thrombosis in healthy fasting people.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Coagulação Sanguínea , Jejum , Islamismo , Humanos , Jejum/sangue , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Proteína C/metabolismo , Proteína S/metabolismo , Proteína S/análise , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Voluntários Saudáveis , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Tempo de Protrombina , Antitrombinas , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Jejum Intermitente
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13455, 2024 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862592

RESUMO

The Islamist group ISIS has been particularly successful at recruiting Westerners as terrorists. A hypothesized explanation is their simultaneous use of two types of propaganda: Heroic narratives, emphasizing individual glory, alongside Social narratives, which emphasize oppression against Islamic communities. In the current study, functional MRI was used to measure brain responses to short ISIS propaganda videos distributed online. Participants were shown 4 Heroic and 4 Social videos categorized as such by another independent group of subjects. Persuasiveness was measured using post-scan predictions of recruitment effectiveness. Inter-subject correlation (ISC) was used to measure commonality of brain activity time courses across individuals. ISCs in ventral striatum predicted rated persuasiveness for Heroic videos, while ISCs in mentalizing and default networks, especially in dmPFC, predicted rated persuasiveness for Social videos. This work builds on past findings that engagement of the reward circuit and of mentalizing brain regions predicts preferences and persuasion. The observed dissociation as a function of stimulus type is novel, as is the finding that intersubject synchrony in ventral striatum predicts rated persuasiveness. These exploratory results identify possible neural mechanisms by which political extremists successfully recruit prospective members and specifically support the hypothesized distinction between Heroic and Social narratives for ISIS propaganda.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Recompensa , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto Jovem , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Comunicação Persuasiva , Islamismo , Mentalização/fisiologia , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Estriado Ventral/fisiologia , Estriado Ventral/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravação em Vídeo , Teoria da Mente/fisiologia
8.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 247: 104328, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838493

RESUMO

Face templates can be experimentally manipulated, and category-contingent aftereffects suggest discrete templates across social groups. We tested whether 1) explicit religious labels, 2) food preferences, and 3) country of origin would support religion-contingent aftereffects across Christians and Muslims face sets. While viewing face images, ninety-three participants heard audio that stated either 1) a character's religious identity, 2) preferred food, or 3) country of origin. Participants viewed contracted Christian faces and expanded Muslim faces during the training phase. To measure adaptation, before and after the training phases, participants selected the face out of a pair of expanded and contracted Christian or Muslim faces that they found more attractive. Contingent aftereffects were found in the religious explicit (t(30) = 2.49, p = 0.02, Cohen's d = 0.58) and food conditions (t(30) = -3.77, p < 0.01, Cohen's d = -0.82), but not the country condition (t(30) = 1.64, p = 0.11, Cohen's d = 0.31). This suggests that religious labels and food preferences create socially meaningful groups, but country of origin does not. This is evidence of an impact of social categorization on visual processing.


Assuntos
Preferências Alimentares , Islamismo , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Religião e Psicologia , Cristianismo , Pós-Efeito de Figura/fisiologia , Reconhecimento Facial/fisiologia , Adolescente
9.
Nutrients ; 16(11)2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38892553

RESUMO

(1) Background: University students, often constrained by time and influenced by socio-economic factors such as culture and religion, frequently adopt diets centred on ultra-processed foods (UPFs), increasing the risk of long-term non-communicable diseases. This study aimed to assess UPF consumption among Spanish university students and explore the potential impact of religion and the academic year on their eating habits. (2) Methods: In a cross-sectional study of 257 university students aged 18-31, UPF consumption was assessed using NOVA food classification at the academic year's start and end. Chi-square and Wilcoxon tests analysed UPF consumption changes, while binary logistic regression identified associations between religion and weekly UPF consumption. (3) Results: Muslim students had a consumption of industrial bakery products almost five times [95% CI: 2.694-9.259] higher than that observed among Christians. Similar data were observed for artificial juice consumption (OR = 3.897, 95% CI = 2.291-6.627) and candy consumption (OR = 3.724, 95% CI = 2.051-6.762). Moreover, a greater percentage of calories and grams of saturated fats from UPFs was observed for Muslims at the end of the study. (4) Conclusions: Highlighting the impact of religion on UPF consumption among students underscores the necessity of monitoring and intervening in dietary habits to prevent undesirable long-term complications such as cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Fast Foods , Comportamento Alimentar , Estudantes , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Adulto Jovem , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto , Adolescente , Fast Foods/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades , Espanha , Religião , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Islamismo , Alimento Processado
10.
CBE Life Sci Educ ; 23(3): es5, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38900941

RESUMO

Research experiences are an integral part of training future scientists and fostering diversity in science. Providing culturally responsive research mentorship, defined as mentorship that incorporates cultural knowledge to improve learning experiences for a particular group, is a critical step in this endeavor. While culturally responsive mentoring is most commonly associated with mentoring students with underrepresented races and ethnicities in the sciences, it can also be helpful for mentees with a diversity of abilities, sexualities, economic backgrounds, and religions. In this essay, we discuss how mentors can provide more culturally responsive mentoring of Muslim research mentees in the sciences. Muslims are a stigmatized minority group in the United States who participate in a religious culture that often differs from the secular culture of science. Notably, there are few resources for how to engage in culturally responsive mentoring of Muslim research mentees. To address this gap, we drew from the extant literature on the challenges that Muslims encounter in the United States, which likely extends to the context of scientific research, and identified potential culturally responsive accommodations in research.


Assuntos
Islamismo , Tutoria , Mentores , Humanos , Pesquisa , Ciência/educação , Competência Cultural/educação , Estudantes , Estados Unidos
12.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1382053, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38903569

RESUMO

Introduction: To date, it is still unclear if exposure to violence affects psychological distress in middle-aged adults and if the effects are gender specific. This age group is of special interest as it is at the onset of the aging process and is often overlooked or understudied in scholarly research. Specifically, targeted research on middle-aged Muslims living in Israel, a unique population exposed to increasing violence, is lacking. Methods: We examined the relationship between exposure to violence and psychological distress in a cohort of 363 middle-aged adults (223 women) from three Muslim villages in northern Israel, collecting data on violence exposure (Screen for Adolescent Violence Exposure (SAVE) questionnaire), psychological distress (Kessler 6 Psychological Distress questionnaire), and other demographic characteristics including education level and socioeconomic status. We used this data to answer two questions: (1) is exposure to violence a predictor of psychological distress in middle-aged Muslims, and (2) does the relationship between exposure and distress differ between men and women? Results: We revealed a positive link between exposure to violence and psychological distress (ß = 0.145, p = 0.017) when controlling for gender, age, education level, and socioeconomic level. Discussion: Despite previous evidence of gender-based differences in this interplay in younger cohorts, we did not find a significant interaction between gender and the violence exposure-psychological distress interplay. Our findings are some of the first to focus on middle-aged individuals and show that both men and women exhibit connections between exposure to violence and psychological distress when considering covariates. This research provides insights that can be used when planning community-wide interventions and treatment schemes to support healthy aging.


Assuntos
Exposição à Violência , Islamismo , Angústia Psicológica , Humanos , Islamismo/psicologia , Israel/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Exposição à Violência/psicologia , Exposição à Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
13.
Sex Health ; 212024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769681

RESUMO

Sexually diverse Muslim men (SDMM) are seen to present later and with more advanced symptoms of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The limited access to sexual healthcare services is attributed to the stigma associated with their multiple intersecting identities. We conducted a scoping review to synthesise research on barriers impeding SDMM's access to sexual health care. We used Arksey and O'Malley's five-stage framework as the methodology for the review. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses' extension for scoping reviews, was used as a guide for the presentation of the results. Searches conducted in EBSCOhost, Scopus, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Global Health, and Google Scholar yielded 1382 results, of which 18 studies were deemed eligible for this review. Bronfenbrenner's socioecological model was employed as a framework to analyse the studies. Through analysing the eligible studies, we identified factors operating at three different levels that can impede SDMM's access to sexual health care. Limited awareness and low-perceived risk of HIV/STIs, coupled with the fear of sexual identity disclosure might act as individual-level barriers to sexually diverse Muslim men's access to sexual health care. The experiences of discrimination within clinical settings were presented as a healthcare system-related issue discouraging SDMM from revisiting those services. Heteronormative and religious ideologies, homophobic government programs, and poverty might manifest in the more intimate domains of healthcare delivery, creating hostile spaces for SDMM. Intensive research and advocacy efforts are required to improve SDMM's access to sexual health care, which can reduce their risk of HIV/STIs.


Assuntos
Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Islamismo , Saúde Sexual , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Humanos , Islamismo/psicologia , Masculino , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Estigma Social , Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia
14.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(5): 1022-1025, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38783466

RESUMO

Euthanasia is categorically prohibited in Pakistan by Islamic law, but a clash of opinions among doctors and human rights advocates still prevails. As a result, medical students are becoming concerned about its practice and this problem needs to be addressed. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Faisalabad Medical University (FMU), Pakistan, from April 2023 to May 2023, using random sampling and statistical programme SPSS version 25, to assess the attitudes of medical students regarding euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS). Despite the conditions and scenarios presented to the students, most of them expressed opposition to euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide because of their religious beliefs and optimistic approach to life. Most of them favoured palliative care and passive euthanasia. Some students showed compliance with euthanasia even though it is equivalent to murder in Islam. Such contrasting results can baffle a physician to make wise decisions. Hence, it must be covered in medical curriculum in depth in order to help the future physicians clearly understand its practice under all circumstances.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Eutanásia , Estudantes de Medicina , Suicídio Assistido , Humanos , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Suicídio Assistido/legislação & jurisprudência , Suicídio Assistido/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Eutanásia/psicologia , Eutanásia/legislação & jurisprudência , Paquistão , Masculino , Feminino , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Islamismo , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
J Law Med ; 31(1): 201-209, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761397

RESUMO

Illegal trafficking of narcotics and problems associated with illegal substance abuse have attracted great deal of attention over the years. However, there are concerns about how to solve this problem while still respecting individual rights. In general terms, it has been alleged by numerous international observers that in many instances human rights have not been fully respected or observed in the fight against illicit drugs. When it comes to Shari'a law, the fundamental premise is that narcotics abuse and trafficking is clearly in violation of Islamic principles. This article highlights the importance of adopting a human rights-based approach to policies regarding narcotics and discusses the potential conflict and the State's obligation to enforce laws which protect their citizens with individual citizen's rights. It focuses on Islamic laws and takes Saudi Arabia as an example given the fact that the Saudi Arabia bases its constitution on Sharia.


Assuntos
Controle de Medicamentos e Entorpecentes , Direitos Humanos , Islamismo , Humanos , Direitos Humanos/legislação & jurisprudência , Arábia Saudita , Controle de Medicamentos e Entorpecentes/legislação & jurisprudência , Tráfico de Drogas/legislação & jurisprudência
18.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0299695, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ramadan Intermittent Fasting (RIF) has the potential to alter hormonal levels in the body. This study investigates the impact of RIF on hormonal levels among healthy individuals during Ramadan. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of previously published studies were conducted, focusing on healthy non-athlete adults. The intervention examined was Ramadan Intermittent Fasting, and the primary outcomes assessed were changes in endocrine hormonal and biochemical parameters. The pooled effect measure was expressed as odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) using the random-effects model. RESULTS: A total of 35 original articles were retrieved, with a combined sample size of 1,107 participants eligible for the meta-analysis. No significant relationship was found between pre- and post-Ramadan hormonal levels of T3, T4, TSH, FT3, FT4, Testosterone, LH, FSH, Prolactin, PTH, Calcium, and Phosphorus (P-value<0.05). However, a substantial decrease in morning cortisol levels was observed across the studies (P-value: 0.08, Hedges' g = -2.14, 95% CI: -4.54, 0.27). CONCLUSIONS: Ramadan Intermittent Fasting results in minimal hormonal changes and is a safe practice for healthy individuals. The fasting regimen appears to disrupt the circadian rhythm, leading to a decrease in morning cortisol levels.


Assuntos
Jejum , Islamismo , Humanos , Jejum/sangue , Adulto , Hormônios/sangue , Testosterona/sangue , Masculino , Hidrocortisona/sangue
19.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12300, 2024 05 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38811678

RESUMO

By conducting two waves of large-scale surveys in the United Kingdom and Germany, we investigate the determinants of identity and inequality misperceptions. We first show that people substantially overestimate the share of immigrants, Muslims, people under the poverty line, and the income share of the richest. Moreover, women, lower-income, and lower-educated respondents generally have higher misperceptions. Only income share misperceptions are associated more with people who place themselves on the left of the political spectrum. In contrast, the other three misperceptions are more prevalent among those who place themselves to the right. We then attempt to correct misperceptions by conducting a classic controlled experiment. Specifically, we randomly assign respondents into a treatment group informed about their initial misperceptions and a control group left uninformed. Our results indicate that information treatments had some corrective effects on misperceptions in Germany but were ineffective in the United Kingdom. Moreover, information treatments in Germany were more effective for men, centrists, and highly educated respondents. There is also no evidence of spill-over effects: correcting one misperception does not have corrective effects for the other misperceptions.


Assuntos
Fatores Socioeconômicos , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Alemanha , Reino Unido , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Renda , Demografia , Islamismo , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
20.
J Sports Sci ; 42(7): 646-654, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771259

RESUMO

We aimed to examine the effects of Ramadan fasting (RF) and high-intensity short-term maximal performance on elite soccer players' shooting accuracy, executive function (EF), and perceptions. Sixteen Muslim elite players fasting during Ramadan underwent assessments before (BR), during (DR), and after Ramadan (AR). Soccer-specific technical performance was evaluated using the Loughborough Soccer Shooting Test (LSST) before and after a 5-metre shuttle run test (5mSRT), conducted at the same time-of-day (17:00 h). Performance metrics recorded included higher distance (HD), total distance (TD), and fatigue index (FI). RPE after a 5-min warm-up and each repetition of the 5mSRT were obtained, and the mean RPE score was calculated. Trail Making Test (TMT Parts A and B) were used after the warm-up and the 5mSRT. Perceived difficulty (PD) was assessed following the LSST. HD, TD, and FI were not affected by RF (p > 0.05). DR, RPE and accuracy scores in the LSST were significantly lower after the 5mSRT compared to BR (1.29 vs. 1.24 AU; 1.29 vs. 1.24, respectively). In conclusion, RF had no adverse effects on physical performance. However, when combined with high-intensity running sessions, RF may impact accuracy and PD, and these adverse effects seem to have been translated into EF.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Cognição , Jejum , Islamismo , Percepção , Futebol , Humanos , Futebol/fisiologia , Futebol/psicologia , Jejum/fisiologia , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Desempenho Atlético/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Cognição/fisiologia , Masculino , Percepção/fisiologia , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Adulto , Fadiga , Esforço Físico/fisiologia
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