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1.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 33: e2023621, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597528

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of perineal laceration, based on the self-reported perception of postpartum women, and to analyze factors associated with its occurrence in Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 23,894 postpartum women, excluding twin pregnancies, cesarean sections, and births with episiotomies, between 2011 and 2012. Prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of association between the event and maternal, fetus/newborn, obstetric and clinical management characteristics were estimated in hierarchical Poisson regression models. RESULTS: Out of 4,606 postpartum women, 49.5% (95%CI 46.1;42.9) self-reported perineal laceration. Being an adolescent (PR = 1.12; 95%CI 1.02;1.25), primipara (PR = 1.47; 95%CI 1.33;1.63), having had excessive gestational weight gain (PR = 1.17; 95%CI 1.07;1.29) and having undergone the Kristeller maneuver (PR = 1.18; 95%CI 1.08;1.29) increased the proportion of the outcome. CONCLUSION: The results found call for prenatal care and adjustments to childbirth care so as to be in accordance with current recommendations. MAIN RESULTS: Prevalence of self-reported perineal laceration was 49.5%. Being in the adolescent age group, primiparity, excessive gestational weight and the Kristeller maneuver were risk factors associated with the event. IMPLICATIONS FOR SERVICES: Studying self-reported prevalence of perineal laceration supports new care practices, highlights the prevention of risk factors considered modifiable and confirms the need to follow current guidelines. PERSPECTIVES: New national studies are needed comparing prevalence of self-reported perineal laceration with that recorded in medical records in order to support care practices and public obstetric policies.


Assuntos
Lacerações , Gravidez , Adolescente , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Lacerações/epidemiologia , Lacerações/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Percepção
2.
Georgian Med News ; (347): 11-14, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609105

RESUMO

Cervical ripening is a critical component of normal parturition. There are substantial variations in labour induction (IOL) techniques around the world. Mifepristone causes the termination of unwanted pregnancies, but there is a lack of consensus on its use for labour induction. The purpose of our study was to compare the combination of Mifepristone and Misoprostol with the combination of a Foley balloon and Misoprostol for labour induction. The study included 175 pregnant women, with gestational age 37-42 weeks. In the study group - 88 pregnant aged 21-35 (28.56±3.23), a combination of Mifepristone-Misoprostol was used. A combination of Foley catheter and Misoprostol was used in the control group - 87 pregnant aged 21-35 (29.48±3.03). The outcomes were assessed. In the study group the rate of vaginal delivery was higher and the frequency of cesarean section was lower compared to the control group (75 vs. 72, and 13 vs. 15, respectively); The total duration of labour was shorter in the study group (p<0,05); There was no difference between groups in the incidences of neonatal morbidity on the first and the fifth minute of life (p>0,05); The pain level was significantly low in the study group compared to the control group (5±0,75 vs. 8±0,96) and no cervical laceration was revealed in the study group. The Mifepristone - Misoprostol combination has advantages over the Foley balloon - Misoprostol combination for induction of labour regarding reduction in pain intensity, duration of labour, and cervical laceration.


Assuntos
Lacerações , Misoprostol , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Cesárea , Mifepristona/uso terapêutico , Misoprostol/uso terapêutico , Trabalho de Parto Induzido
3.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(3): 599-562, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591297

RESUMO

This observational study aimed to evaluate the use of a single portable device to assess the non-invasive tear break-up time (NITBUT), tear meniscus height (TMH), and lipid layer patterns (LLP) in young females with refractive errors (REs). The study was conducted at the College of Applied Medical Science (Female campus), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between January 5, 2021 to May 15, 2021. Forty young females, with mean age of 23.0± 4.3 years with REs (-2.53 ± 2.05 D) and 40 females, mean age 23.8± 4.5 years with healthy eyes were recruited. The tests were administered in the following order: Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), followed by NITBUT, TMH, and LLP. Significant differences (via Mann-Whitney U test) were noted in the median ocular surface disease index (OSDI; p˂0.001), NITBUT (p=0.035), TMH (p=0.009), and LLP (p˂0.001) scores between the study and control groups. Females with REs have significantly lower lipid layer, TMH, and NITBUT scores than those with healthy eyes.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco , Lacerações , Erros de Refração , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Lágrimas , Erros de Refração/diagnóstico , Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Lipídeos
4.
JBJS Case Connect ; 14(2)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579103

RESUMO

CASE: A 36-year-old, 7-month pregnant woman presented to the office with a locked knee and a displaced bucket-handle medial meniscus tear, in the setting of chronic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) insufficiency. After thorough discussion with the patient and her husband, the obstetrician, and the anesthesiologist, the patient was treated with left knee ACL reconstruction and medial meniscus repair. CONCLUSION: With sufficient preoperative planning and coordinated multidisciplinary care among orthopaedic, anesthesiologist, and obstetric specialists, elective knee surgery can be performed safely in time-sensitive situations during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Lacerações , Lesões do Menisco Tibial , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Adulto , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho , Meniscos Tibiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Meniscos Tibiais/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/cirurgia
6.
Korean J Ophthalmol ; 38(2): 156-163, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433323

RESUMO

New Korean guidelines for the diagnosis and management of dry eye disease were developed based on literature reviews by the Korean Dry Eye Guideline Establishment Committee, a previous dry eye guideline by Korean Corneal Disease Study Group, a survey of Korean Dry Eye Society (KDES) members, and KDES consensus meetings. The new definition of dry eye was also proposed by KDES regular members. The new definition by the regular members of the KDES is as follows: "Dry eye is a disease of the ocular surface characterized by tear film abnormalities and ocular symptoms." The combination of ocular symptoms and an unstable tear film (tear breakup time <7 seconds) was considered as essential components for the diagnosis of dry eye. Schirmer test and ocular surface staining were considered adjunctive diagnostic criteria. The treatment guidelines consisted of a simplified stepwise approach according to aqueous deficiency dominant, evaporation dominant, and altered tear distribution subtypes. New Korean guidelines can be used as a simple, valid, and accessible tool for the diagnosis and management of dry eye disease in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco , Lacerações , Humanos , Síndromes do Olho Seco/terapia , Síndromes do Olho Seco/tratamento farmacológico , Olho , Lágrimas , República da Coreia
7.
Harefuah ; 163(3): 181-184, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38506361

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cesarean section is the most prevalent in obstetrics and its rate is rising worldwide every year. Although this operation is considered safe, it is not free from complications. In the present review the topic of lacerations in the fetus during cesarean section is discussed. The rate of fetal lacerations during cesarean section is 0.79-1.9% of all cesareans. Several risk factors for this complication have been elaborated in the literature and are presented in this review. However, so far there is no proven method or technique that has been proven effective in the prevention of this complication. Fetal lacerations are not always identified in the operating room and are discovered later in the newborns department. Most lacerations occur on the fetal scalp and face, however, they can occur everywhere in the body of the fetus. Treatment is performed with adhesive medications or by surgical stitches. Normally, fetal lacerations are expressed later in life as a cosmetic problem but some may cause functional handicap of the affected organs. Every delivery that ends with this complication is followed by a lawsuit against the physicians involved in the case and almost always, the alleged physicians are found guilty. A possible solution to this problem is discussed in the present review.


Assuntos
Lacerações , Obstetrícia , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Lacerações/etiologia , Feto , Cuidado Pré-Natal
8.
J Med Case Rep ; 18(1): 124, 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519995

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fractures with delayed healing can be a serious complication, especially for athletes depending on quick return to sports. To our knowledge, no cases of increased healing of delayed union fractures with autologous biomedical interventions have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 33-year-old Swedish professional boxer with a fractured humerus with a delayed union and a partially torn supraspinatus tendon was treated with injections of liquid platelet-rich fibrin and heat-coagulated albumin gel. He recovered almost completely from both injuries in only 1 month and could return to professional boxing in 3 months. CONCLUSION: This case raises the hypothesis that liquid platelet-rich fibrin and heat-coagulated albumin gel may be an effective, minimally invasive intervention in fractures with a delayed union. Further research is required to test this theory.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Lacerações , Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Temperatura Alta , Úmero
9.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0300265, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466684

RESUMO

Rotator cuff (RC) and long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) tears are common shoulder problems presented to the orthopedic clinic. The aim of this study was to assess the association between RC and LHBT tears among a Saudi population sample. A total of 243 patients who were diagnosed with shoulder pain due to RC or LHBT tear between 2016 and 2018 using a magnetic resonance imaging scan were included in this study. Females comprised 66% of the sample, and 59% (n = 143) of the shoulders were on the right side. The mean age of the patients was 58 ± 11 years, ranging from 23 to 88 years. A significant association was detected between the LHBT and RC tears (P < 0.001). Out of 26 cases showing RC and LHBT tears, 81% had a full thickness tear, whereas 19% had a partial tear. The LHBT tears were presented significantly in 48% of cases with at least two completely torn RC compared to 10% in cases with one completely torn RC (P < 0.001). The LHBT tear was significantly observed in shoulders with RC tears including the tendons of subscapularis, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus, but not the teres minor (P < 0.001). Both types of tears were presented significantly in senior patients aged more than 65 years compared to younger patients (P < 0.01). Thus, the LHBT should be assessed carefully in shoulders with more than one RC tear or in chronic cases.


Assuntos
Lacerações , Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Masculino , Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Manguito Rotador/patologia , Tendões/patologia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/patologia , Ruptura/patologia , Músculo Esquelético , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Artroscopia/métodos
10.
BMJ Open ; 14(3): e080816, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443083

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the incidence of, and risk factors for medical adhesive-related skin injury (MARSI) at peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC) sites in patients with cancer. DESIGN: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted at a tertiary hospital in Shenzhen, China. SETTING: This was a single-centre study conducted in a tertiary hospital in Shenzhen, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 340 patients with cancer and PICC placement from January 2022 to June 2023 were selected using a convenience sampling method. METHODS: Factors potentially associated with PICC-related MARSI (PICC-MARSI) were recorded, including patient demographics, and catheter placement and maintenance. Patients were divided into MARSI and non-MARSI groups. Univariate analysis was performed to screen for associated variables, and logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent risk factors for PICC-MARSI. RESULTS: Of all 340 patients enrolled, 33 (9.7%) developed PICC-MARSI, including skin tear (8, 24.2%), tension injury (5, 15.2%), irritant contact dermatitis (10, 30.3%), allergic dermatitis (7, 21.2%) and maceration (3, 9.1%). Multivariable analysis showed that age (OR=1.058, p=0.001, 95% CI 1.023-1.094), wet skin (OR=4.873, p=0.003, 95% CI 1.728-13.742), dry skin (OR=6.247, p<0.0001, 95% CI 2.239-17.431), oedema (OR=3.302, p=0.008, 95% CI 1.365-7.985), allergy history (OR=6.044, p=0.001, 95% CI 2.040-17.906), dressing type (OR=3.827, p=0.003, 95% CI 1.595-9.185), body mass index (BMI) <18.5 (OR=4.271, p=0.015, 95% CI 1.327-13.742) and BMI 25-30 (OR=2.946, p=0.027, 95% CI 1.131-7.678) were independent risk factors for PICC-MARSI. CONCLUSIONS: Proper catheter maintenance and appropriate dressing selection are crucial for the prevention of this condition.


Assuntos
Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Surdez , Lacerações , Neoplasias , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , China/epidemiologia
11.
J Physiother ; 70(2): 134-141, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494404

RESUMO

QUESTION: What is the effect of a protocol targeted at the various stages of labour - with a peanut ball, positioning and pelvic mobility - on the duration of labour, pain severity, fatigue, maternal outcomes, neonatal outcomes and satisfaction in parturients without analgesia? DESIGN: A randomised trial with concealed allocation, blinding of assessors and intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred women in active labour. INTERVENTION: The experimental group received the protocol targeted at the various stages of labour, with a peanut ball, positioning and pelvic mobility, whilst the control group received usual care. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcomes were the duration of labour and pain severity. The secondary outcomes were maternal fatigue, mode of delivery, risk of perineal laceration, severity of perineal laceration, use of synthetic oxytocin, satisfaction with delivery, Apgar scores, admission of the neonate to an intensive care unit and resuscitation of the neonate in the delivery room. In the active phase of labour, the numerical rating scale and maternal perception of childbirth fatigue questionnaire were applied; they were taken again when the parturient had 8 to 10 cm of dilation. The numerical rating scale was also applied postpartum to evaluate satisfaction with childbirth. RESULTS: The use of the protocol with a peanut ball reduced the duration of active and expulsive phases and the total duration of labour, with mean differences of 82 minutes (95% CI 41 to 125), 8 minutes (95% CI 0 to 18) and 89 minutes (95% CI 45 to 132), respectively. Maternal satisfaction was better in the experimental group: mean between-group difference on the 10-point scale was 1.1 (95% CI 0.4 to 1.8). The effects on the other outcomes were either similar between groups or unclear. CONCLUSION: A protocol with a peanut ball, positioning and pelvic mobility reduced the duration of labour and improved maternal satisfaction with childbirth. REGISTRATION: RBR-74wcnjc.


Assuntos
Arachis , Lacerações , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Manejo da Dor/métodos
12.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 17(6): 742-752, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary obstruction (CO) is a potentially life-threatening complication of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Chimney stenting or leaflet laceration with transcatheter electrosurgery (Bioprosthetic or Native Aortic Scallop Intentional Laceration to Prevent Iatrogenic Coronary Artery Obstruction [BASILICA]) are 2 techniques developed to prevent CO. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare periprocedural and 1-year outcomes of chimney and BASILICA in TAVR patients at high risk of CO. METHODS: This multicenter observational registry enrolled consecutive TAVR patients at high risk of CO, undergoing either preventive chimney stenting or BASILICA. Clinical success was defined as successful performance of the chimney or BASILICA technique without clinically relevant ostial CO. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular events, a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or unplanned target lesion coronary revascularization at 1 year. RESULTS: A total of 168 patients were included: 71 (42.3%) received chimney stenting, and 97 (57.7%) underwent BASILICA. Patients undergoing BASILICA had higher preprocedural risk of CO, as indicated by lower sinotubular junction height (18.2 ± 4.8 mm vs 14.8 ± 3.4 mm; P < 0.001) and diameter (28.2 ± 4.5 vs 26.8 ± 3.4; P = 0.029). Rates of periprocedural complications were similar between the 2 groups. Clinical success was 97.2% and 96.9% in chimney and BASILICA, respectively (P = 0.92). At 1-year follow-up, the cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events was 18.7% (95% CI: 11%-30.6%) in the chimney group and 19.9% (95% CI: 12.1%-31.5%) in the BASILICA group (log-rank P = 0.848), whereas chimney was associated with a numerically higher cardiovascular mortality than BASILICA (6.7% vs 1.3%; log-rank P = 0.168). CONCLUSIONS: Chimney stenting and BASILICA effectively prevent TAVR-induced acute CO. Both techniques seem to have comparable acceptable periprocedural and 1-year outcomes.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Oclusão Coronária , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Lacerações , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Humanos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Lacerações/complicações , Lacerações/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Oclusão Coronária/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Desenho de Prótese
13.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 129, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to check the efficacy of Emustil (oil in water emulsion) drops on tear film index and ocular surface dynamics in dry environments through protection and relief treatment modalities. METHODS: The subjects were exposed to a dry environment using a Controlled Environment Chamber (CEC) where the relative humidity (RH) was 5% and the temperature was 21 °C and screened for ocular symptoms, tear osmolarity, ocular surface temperature (OST) and tear production using ocular Surface Disease Index questionnaire (OSDI), OcuSense TearLab Osmometer, FLIR System ThermaCAM P620 and Schirmer strips/phenol red test respectively. Tear production was calculated by the Tear Function Index test (TFI). RESULTS: The mean tear film osmolarity decreased significantly from 296.8 mOsm/l at 40% RH to 291 mOsm/l at 5%. (p = 0.01). Instillation of Emustil resulted in a significant increase in tear osmolarity in the relief method compared with osmolarity seen at 5% RH when no drop was used. The mean PRT value decreased from 26 ± 9 in normal conditions (40% RH) to 22 ± 4 mm in dry conditions (5% RH). Emustil drops did not induce any significant change in tear production in the PRT test. No significant change was found in OST following exposure to 5% RH. OST did not show a statistically significant change with the emulsion when used for relief (p > 0.05). The mean score of ocular discomfort observed was 70 at 5% RH. Still, the instillation of the oil-in-water emulsion (Emustil) resulted in a noticeable decrease in visual discomfort to 37 (p = 0.00) in protection and 59 in relief (p = 0.05). Emustil drops substantially improved tear film parameters under a desiccating environment, however, tear film parameters respond differently to the management modalities. In the protection method, tear film osmolarity was protected against a dry environment, while in the relief mode, tear production was improved. CONCLUSION: CEC allows for a thorough evaluation of tear film parameters and dry eye treatment protocols in labs, providing greater confidence when applying them to patients. In addition, our study showed that Emustil not only provides protection and relief for dry eyes but also helps to maintain ocular homeostasis in desiccating environments. This indicates a promising potential for improving dry eye treatment protocols.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco , Lacerações , Humanos , Emulsões/uso terapêutico , Lágrimas , Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Concentração Osmolar , Água
14.
Eur Spine J ; 33(4): 1556-1573, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although vertical laminar fracture (VLF) is generally considered a severity marker for thoracolumbar fractures (TLFs), its exact role in decision-making has never been established. This scoping review aims to synthesize the research on VLF's role in the decision-making of TLFs. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following PRISMA guidelines. We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science from inception to  June 11, 2023, for studies examining the association of VLF in thoracolumbar fractures with dural lacerations, neurological deficits, radiographic parameters, or treatment outcomes. Additionally, experimental studies that analyze the biomechanics of burst fractures with VLF were included. The studies extracted key findings, objectives, and patient population. A meta-analysis was performed for the association of VLF with dural laceration and neurological deficit, and ORs were pooled with a 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: Twenty-eight studies were included in this systematic review, encompassing 2021 patients, and twelve were included in the meta-analysis. According to the main subject of the study, the association of VLF with a dural laceration (n = 14), neurological deficit (n = 4), radiographic parameters (n = 3), thoracolumbar fracture classification (n = 2), and treatment outcome (n = 2). Seven studies with a total of 1010 patients reported a significant association between VLF and neurological deficit (OR = 7.35, 95% CI [3.97, 14.25]; P < 0.001). The pooled OR estimates for VLF predicting dural lacerations were 7.75, 95% CI [2.41, 24.87]; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: VLF may have several important diagnostic and therapeutic implications in managing TLFs. VLF may help to distinguish AO type A3 from A4 fractures. VLF may help to predict preoperatively the occurrence of dural laceration, thereby choosing the optimal surgical strategy. Clinical and biomechanical data suggest VLF may be a valuable modifier to guide the decision-making in burst fractures; however, more studies are needed to confirm its prognostic importance regarding treatment outcomes.


Assuntos
Fraturas Cominutivas , Fraturas por Compressão , Lacerações , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(13): e37661, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552053

RESUMO

The purpose of this descriptive epidemiological study is to identify billiards-related injuries that presented to the United States emergency departments from 2000 to 2020. This is a study using secondary data from emergency departments from 2000 to 2020 and presented with billiards-related injuries. No applicable intervention, but the main outcome measure was a description of injuries sustained due to participation in billiards. Billiards-related injury was captured by the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System - All Injury Program database. We extracted information on age, gender, injury, and disposition. A collective total of 78,524 (n = 1214) estimated patients, had emergency department visits after incurring billiards-related injuries as a sample. The mean age was 24.9 years. Most injuries occurred in males, 54,915 (n = 851, 69.9%). More injuries appeared to be soft-tissue contusions and abrasions, 19,000 (24.2%, n = 280), followed by lacerations, 17,520 (22.3%, n = 269). The most common cause of injury was being struck by a ball or cue, 39,705 (51.1%, n = 643). While the majority of injured patients were discharged home after evaluation, 2527 (3.2%, n = 45) of them required hospitalization. While a small number of billiards-related injuries presented to the emergency department in comparison to other sports-related injuries, some required more intensive treatment or hospitalization.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Contusões , Lacerações , Masculino , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Hospitalização
16.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 294: 238-244, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320435

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the postnatal psychological health and parenting adjustment of primiparous women experiencing perineal trauma. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study assessing body image, perceptions of traumatic birth, psychological distress, perineal pain, impact upon parental tasks and mother-infant bonding at 6-12 weeks (n = 103) and 6-10 months postnatally (n = 91). Primiparous women were recruited following vaginal birth and perineal suturing in a UK-based maternity hospital. al. Comparisons made according to the objective classification of perineal trauma experienced; 1st/2nd degree tear, episiotomy, and Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injuries (OASI). RESULTS: At 6-12 weeks women with an episiotomy reported a more negative perception of their body image than those with OASI. Women with OASI or an episiotomy were more likely to have experienced birth as traumatic, and those with OASI reported more avoidance symptoms of post-traumatic stress and a greater negative impact on parenting tasks. At 6-10 months significantly more avoidance symptoms continued to be reported by those with OASI, whereas those with an episiotomy reported more anxiety related symptoms in general than those with OASI. CONCLUSIONS: OASI, whilst associated with traumatic birth and some early parenting impacts, may not be linked to general negative psychological outcomes when specialist routine follow-up care is provided. Psychological impacts for women with episiotomy may merit further input than currently provided. Consideration should be given with regards to widening the access to postnatal perineal care by extending the criteria for specialist follow up beyond those sustaining OASI.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Nascimento , Lacerações , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Episiotomia/efeitos adversos , Episiotomia/métodos , Mães , Canal Anal/lesões , Vagina , Lacerações/etiologia , Períneo/lesões , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/etiologia
17.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol ; 49(2): 158-166, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315135

RESUMO

This article reviews and highlights complications of flexor tendon repairs. Although the outcomes of flexor tendon repairs have improved over the years, fair or poor functional outcomes are seen, especially in patients whose trauma involves multiple structures of the hand and in zone 5 with multiple tendon lacerations. Rupture of the flexor tendon after repair is no longer a major problem if current repair principles are carefully adhered to. Different degrees of adhesion formations and interphalangeal (IP) joint stiffness still occur in a few patients. Early active postoperative mobilization and use of a shorter splint with sparing of the wrist are effective measures to prevent adhesion formation and IP joint stiffness. Given the overall poor results and high rate of complications with flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) repairs in zone 1, a direct repair of the FDP tendon to any short remnant of the distal insertion with 10-strand or even stronger core suture repair is adopted by many units.


Assuntos
Traumatismos dos Dedos , Lacerações , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Traumatismos dos Tendões , Humanos , Traumatismos dos Tendões/etiologia , Traumatismos dos Tendões/cirurgia , Traumatismos dos Dedos/cirurgia , Tendões/cirurgia , Ruptura , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
18.
J Vis Exp ; (203)2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345210

RESUMO

The suture technique for a ruptured annulus fibrosus (AF) under full-endoscopy remains challenging. Direct suturing of a ruptured annular tear after full decompression has been shown to decrease the recurrence rate of lumbar disc herniation during endoscopic surgery. Traditional suture operations under endoscopy involve only simple suturing of the ruptured AF. Due to the weak and poor quality of the AF tissue around the tear portal, using this area as needle insertion points during suturing may lead to insufficient tension and a low success rate of AF closure. Currently, there is no detailed technical illustration based on video for AF tear suturing under lumbar full-endoscopy. We innovatively propose a method of covering and suturing the AF tear by pulling up the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) under lumbar endoscopy and using three stitches (PLL-AF suture technique). The patient who received the novel suture technique achieved satisfactory results. Six months after the operation, lumbar MRI showed no evidence of recurrence in the outpatient clinic.


Assuntos
Anel Fibroso , Lacerações , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Endoscopia/métodos , Discotomia/métodos , Lacerações/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Descompressão , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Wilderness Environ Med ; 35(1): 88-93, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379488

RESUMO

Wild boar-inflicted nerve injuries have been very rarely reported in the literature. A 62-year-old man was attacked by a wild boar in eastern Turkey and brought to the emergency department. He had 5 lacerations on the lower extremities and 2 on the posterior thoracic region. In addition to soft tissue lacerations, he sustained a complete laceration of the left common peroneal nerve with a foot drop. The common peroneal nerve was repaired primarily the day after the attack. The patient was discharged after a short hospital stay without any immediate complications; however, at the 10-mo follow-up, he still had a left foot drop.


Assuntos
Lacerações , Neuropatias Fibulares , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Extremidade Inferior , Nervo Fibular , Sus scrofa
20.
Wounds ; 36(1): 8-14, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38417818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current literature suggests relatively low accuracy of multi-class wound classification tasks using deep learning networks. Solutions are needed to address the increasing diagnostic burden of wounds on wound care professionals and to aid non-wound care professionals in wound management. OBJECTIVE: To develop a reliable, accurate 9-class classification system to aid wound care professionals and perhaps eventually, patients and non-wound care professionals, in managing wounds. METHODS: A total of 8173 training data images and 904 test data images were classified into 9 categories: operation wound, laceration, abrasion, skin defect, infected wound, necrosis, diabetic foot ulcer, chronic ulcer, and wound dehiscence. Six deep learning networks, based on VGG16, VGG19, EfficientNet-B0, EfficientNet-B5, RepVGG-A0, and RepVGG-B0, were established, trained, and tested on the same images. For each network the accuracy rate, defined as the sum of true positive and true negative values divided by the total number, was analyzed. RESULTS: The overall accuracy varied from 74.0% to 82.4%. Of all the networks, VGG19 achieved the highest accuracy, at 82.4%. This result is comparable to those reported in previous studies. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate the potential for VGG19 to be the basis for a more comprehensive and detailed AI-based wound diagnostic system. Eventually, such systems also may aid patients and non-wound care professionals in diagnosing and treating wounds.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Pé Diabético , Lacerações , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Pele , Pé Diabético/diagnóstico
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