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1.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 156, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565813

RESUMO

Rectal cancer surgery represents challenges due to its location. To overcome them and minimize the risk of anastomosis-related complications, some technical maneuvers or even a diverting ileostomy may be required. One of these technical steps is the mobilization of the splenic flexure (SFM), especially in medium/low rectal cancer. High-tie vascular ligation may be another one. However, the need of these maneuvers may be controversial, as especially SFM may be time-consuming and increase the risk of iatrogenic. The objective is to present the short- and long-term outcomes of a low-tie ligation combined with no SFM in robotic low anterior resection (LAR) for mid- and low rectal cancer as a standardized technique. A retrospective observational single-cohort study was carried out at Reina Sofia University Hospital, Cordoba, Spain. 221 robotic rectal resections between Jul-18th-2018 and Jan-12th-2023 were initially considered. After case selection, 80 consecutive robotic LAR performed by a single surgeon were included. STROBE checklist assessed the methodological quality. Histopathological, morbidity and oncological outcomes were assessed. Anastomotic stricture occurrence and distance to anal verge were evaluated after LAR by rectosigmoidoscopy. Variables related to the ileostomy closure such as time to closure, post-operative complications or hospital stay were also considered. The majority of patients (81.2%) presented a mid-rectal cancer and the rest, lower location (18.8%). All patients had adequate perfusion of the anastomotic stump assessed by indocyanine green. Complete total mesorectal excision was performed in 98.8% of the patients with a lymph node ratio < 0.2 in 91.3%. The anastomotic leakage rate was 5%. One patient (1.5%) presented local recurrence. Anastomosis stricture occurred in 7.5% of the patients. The limitations were small cohort and retrospective design. The non-mobilization of the splenic flexure with a low-tie ligation in robotic LAR is a feasible and safe procedure that does not affect oncological outcomes.


Assuntos
Colo Transverso , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Retais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Colo Transverso/cirurgia , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos
2.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 17(3): e13308, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622489

RESUMO

Laparoscopic deroofing (LD) for giant liver cysts using indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging was performed in two patients: a 53-year-old man with a 26-cm, symptomatic cyst and a 50-year-old woman with a 13-cm, symptomatic cyst. ICG fluorescence imaging can be used to easily identify the boundary between the liver parenchyma and the liver cyst. No postoperative bile leakage was observed in both patients. ICG fluorescence imaging is expected to become a desirable procedure in LD for giant liver cysts to reduce the occurrence of perioperative complications.


Assuntos
Cistos , Laparoscopia , Hepatopatias , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Verde de Indocianina , Laparoscopia/métodos , Cistos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cistos/cirurgia , Cistos/complicações , Imagem Óptica , Fígado
3.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 17(3): e13310, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623612

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors surrounding the esophagogastric junction are often challenging to resect, with no consensus regarding the optimal surgical technique. Here in, we present a case of concurrent gastric cancer in the antrum and gastrointestinal stromal tumors adjacent to the esophagogastric junction. The patient underwent simultaneous distal gastrectomy and local resection assisted by a surgical robot, avoiding the need for total gastrectomy. The utilization of robot-assisted surgery has become an increasingly popular technique, holding promise for simplifying complex surgical procedures across diverse medical settings.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Laparoscopia , Robótica , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Cir Pediatr ; 37(2): 75-78, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623800

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Varicocele is the abnormal dilatation of the pampiniform plexus. It occurs in 15-20% of pre-adolescent/adult males. Varicocele diagnosis is important since it can induce testicular hypertrophy and fertility issues in adulthood. The objective of this study was to assess whether complications, including varicocele recurrence, depend on the vascular occlusion technique used -clipping + division vs. vascular sealer- in the laparoscopic Palomo technique used in our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal, prospective study was carried out from 2017 to 2021. Two therapeutic groups were created according to the vascular occlusion method used during laparoscopic varicocelectomy -clipping + division vs. vascular sealer. Patients were randomly allocated to the groups in a systematic alternating consecutive manner. Variables -age, varicocele grade according to the Dubin-Amelar classification, postoperative complications, follow-up, and varicocele recurrence- were analyzed according to the method employed. RESULTS: A total of 37 boys, with a mean age of 12 years (10-15 years) and a mean follow-up of 12 months, were studied. In 20 patients (54.1%), clipping + division was used, and in the remaining 17 (45.9%), the vascular sealer was employed. 24.3% had symptomatic Grade II varicocele and 75.7% had Grade III varicocele. 32.4% of the children had postoperative complications during follow-up. 29.7% of the patients had hydrocele following surgery -8 boys from the sealing group and 3 boys from the clipping group-, with 13.5% requiring re-intervention as a result of this. None of the patients had varicocele recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: The laparoscopic Palomo technique is safe and effective, with good results in pediatric patients and few postoperative complications, regardless of the vascular occlusion device used. In our study, no statistically significant differences regarding the use of clipping or vascular sealer in this laparoscopic technique were found. However, further studies with a larger sample size are required to find potential differences.


INTRODUCCION: El varicocele es la dilatación anormal del plexo pampiniforme. Puede afectar al 15-20% de los varones preadolescentes-adultos. La importancia de su diagnóstico radica en que puede inducir hipotrofia testicular y problemas de fertilidad en la etapa adulta. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar si existe mayor índice de complicaciones, incluyendo la recurrencia del varicocele, dependiendo de la técnica de oclusión vascular utilizada: clip y sección o sellador vascular, en la técnica de Palomo laparoscópico en nuestro centro. MATERIAL Y METODOS: Estudio longitudinal prospectivo que se realiza de 2017 a 2021. Se crean dos grupos terapéuticos según el método de oclusión vascular utilizada durante la varicocelectomía laparoscópica: clip y sección o sellador vascular. Los pacientes son incluidos en un grupo mediante asignación sistemática consecutiva alternante. Se realiza el análisis de las variables: edad, grado de varicocele según la clasificación de Dubin-Amelar, complicaciones postquirúrgicas, seguimiento y recurrencia del varicocele, según el método empleado. RESULTADOS: Se intervinieron un total de 37 niños, con edad media de 12 años (10-15 años) y una media de seguimiento de 12 meses. En 20 pacientes (54,1%), se utilizó clip y sección, y en los 17 restantes (45,9%), sellador vascular. El 24,3% presentaba varicocele Grado II sintomático y el 75,7%, Grado III. El 32,4% de los niños presentó alguna complicación postquirúrgica durante el seguimiento. El 29,7% de los pacientes presentó hidrocele tras la intervención, perteneciendo 8 niños al grupo de sellado y 3 niños al de clipaje. El 13,5% de estos precisó reintervención por este motivo. Ningún paciente presentó recurrencia del varicocele. CONCLUSIONES: La técnica de Palomo laparoscópica es una técnica segura y efectiva que presenta buenos resultados en pacientes pediátricos, ya que presenta pocas complicaciones postquirúrgicas, independientemente del dispositivo de oclusión vascular que se utilice. En nuestro estudio, no se ha demostrado que existan diferencias estadísticamente significativas en cuanto al uso de clip o sellador vascular en esta técnica laparoscópica. No obstante, es preciso realizar más estudios con mayor tamaño muestral para hallar posibles diferencias.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Varicocele , Masculino , Adolescente , Humanos , Criança , Estudos Prospectivos , Varicocele/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(4)2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589247

RESUMO

Corona mortis (CM) is an anastomotic vessel between the inferior epigastric or external iliac vessels and the obturator or internal iliac vessels. The Latin meaning of it is 'crown of death' which corresponds to massive haemorrhage caused by injury to this vessel during surgery. The incidence of this vessel is around 50% in the hemipelvis. We are presenting an intraoperative video of a right laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal mesh hernioplasty demonstrating a CM artery in the right hemipelvis. Care was taken to prevent injury to this vessel. CO2 insufflation pressure was reduced to less than 10 mm Hg to see any venous variant of this vessel. Carefully, polypropylene mesh was placed without a fixation device. Anatomical knowledge of the CM vessel is therefore essential in preventing injury for surgeons who approach the inguinal and retropubic regions.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Herniorrafia , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Artérias/cirurgia , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia
6.
Am J Case Rep ; 25: e942581, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Endometriosis is a common cause of chronic pelvic pain among women globally. Pharmacological therapy for endometriosis includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and hormonal contraceptives, while surgical therapy often involves either laparoscopic excision and ablation of endometriosis implants or open surgery. Surgical therapy is one of the mainstays of treatment especially for extrapelvic endometriomas. However, little guidance exists for the treatment of non-palpable or intermittently palpable lesions of this nature. CASE REPORT A 33-year-old woman with a previous cesarean section presented with complaints of intermittent discomfort in the area between her umbilicus and the surgical incision, for the previous 7 years, that worsened during her menstrual cycle. A 3×3-cm area of fullness was only intermittently palpable during various clinic visits, but was visualizable on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Given the lesion's varying palpability, a Savi Scout radar localization device was placed into the lesion pre-operatively to aid with surgical resection. The mass was excised, pathologic examination revealed endometrial tissue, and the patient had an uncomplicated postoperative course with resolution of her symptoms. CONCLUSIONS Surgical removal of extrapelvic endometrioma lesions can be made difficult by varying levels of palpability or localizability due to a patient's menstrual cycle. The Savi Scout, most commonly used in breast mass localization, is a useful tool in guiding surgical excision of non-palpable or intermittently palpable extrapelvic endometrioma lesions.


Assuntos
Endometriose , Laparoscopia , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Endometriose/cirurgia , Endometriose/complicações , Cesárea , Mama/patologia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Dor Pélvica/complicações , Dor Pélvica/cirurgia
7.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 409(1): 120, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602565

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The linear-stapled (LSA) and the circular-stapled anastomosis (CSA) are the two most commonly performed techniques for the gastrojejunostomy (GJ) during laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This study compared the outcome after both techniques with special focus on postoperative morbidity using the comprehensive complication index (CCI). METHODS: Five hundred eighty-eight patients operated between 01/2010 and 12/2019 were included in the final analysis and divided in two cohorts according to the surgical technique of the GJ (LSA (n = 290) or CSA (n = 298)). Before 09/2016, the CSA was exclusively performed for the GJ, while after 09/2016, the LSA was solely used. RESULTS: The mean CCI for patients with Clavien-Dindo complication grade ≥ 2 within the first 90 days after RYGB was 31 ± 9.1 in the CSA and 25.7 ± 6.8 in the LSA group (p < 0.001), both values still below the previously published benchmark cutoff (≤ 33.73). The C-reactive Protein (CRP)-levels on postoperative days (POD) 1 and 3 as well as the use of opioids on POD 1 were significantly higher in the CSA- than in the LSA-group (all p < 0.001). There were significantly more internal herniations in the CSA group during the first 24 postoperative months (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients after RYGB with CSA were found to have higher CCI values during the first 90 PODs compared to patients in which the LSA was applied. To achieve optimal outcomes in terms of patient morbidity, the LSA seems to be the superior technique for GJ in RYGB.


Assuntos
Derivação Gástrica , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Morbidade , Período Pós-Operatório
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8807, 2024 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627503

RESUMO

Laparoscopic and robotic surgery is a challenge to the surgeon's hand-eye coordination ability, which requires constant practice. Traditional mentor training is gradually shifting to simulation training based on various models. Laparoscopic and robotic bilioenteric anastomosis is an important and difficult operation in hepatobiliary surgery. We constructed and optimized the reusable modular 3D-printed models of choledochal cyst. The aim of this study was to verify the ability of this optimized model to distinguish between surgeons with different levels of proficiency and the benefits of repeated practice. A total of 12 surgeons with different levels participated in the study. Operation completion time and OSATS score were recorded. The model was validated by Likert scale. Surgeons were shown the steps and contents before performing laparoscopic or robotic bilioenteric anastomosis using the model. Surgeons with different levels of experience showed different levels when performing laparoscopic bilioenteric anastomosis on this model. Repeated training can significantly shorten the time of laparoscopic bilioenteric anastomosis and improve the operation scores of surgeons with different levels of experience. At the same time, preliminary results have shown that the performance of surgeons on the domestic robotic platform was basically consistent with their laparoscopic skills. This model may distinguish surgeons with different levels of experience and may improve surgical skills through repeated practice. It is worth noting that in order to draw more reliable conclusions, more subjects should be collected and more experiments should be done in the future.


Assuntos
Cisto do Colédoco , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Cisto do Colédoco/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Laparoscopia/métodos , Competência Clínica , Impressão Tridimensional
9.
Tech Coloproctol ; 28(1): 48, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In elderly patients with external full-thickness rectal prolapse (EFTRP), the exact differences in postoperative recurrence and functional outcomes between laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) and perineal stapler resection (PSR) have not yet been investigated. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicenter study on 330 elderly patients divided into LVMR group (n = 250) and PSR (n = 80) from April 2012 to April 2019. Patients were evaluated before and after surgery by Wexner incontinence scale, Altomare constipation scale, and patient satisfaction questionnaire. The primary outcomes were incidence and risk factors for EFTRP recurrence. Secondary outcomes were postoperative incontinence, constipation, and patient satisfaction. RESULTS: LVMR was associated with fewer postoperative complications (p < 0.001), lower prolapse recurrence (p < 0.001), lower Wexner incontinence score (p = 0.03), and lower Altomare's score (p = 0.047). Furthermore, LVMR demonstrated a significantly higher surgery-recurrence interval (p < 0.001), incontinence improvement (p = 0.019), and patient satisfaction (p < 0.001) than PSR. Three and 13 patients developed new symptoms in LVMR and PSR, respectively. The predictors for prolapse recurrence were LVMR (associated with 93% risk reduction of recurrence, OR 0.067, 95% CI 0.03-0.347, p = 0.001), symptom duration (prolonged duration was associated with an increased risk of recurrence, OR 1.131, 95% CI 1.036-1.236, p = 0.006), and length of prolapse (increased length was associated with a high recurrence risk (OR = 1.407, 95% CI = 1.197-1.655, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: LVMR is safe for EFTRP treatment in elderly patients with low recurrence, and improved postoperative functional outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trial.gov (NCT05915936), retrospectively registered on June 14, 2023.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Prolapso Retal , Idoso , Humanos , Prolapso Retal/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Telas Cirúrgicas , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Constipação Intestinal
10.
World J Surg Oncol ; 22(1): 97, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The laparoscopically harvested omental flap (LHOF) has been used in partial or total breast reconstruction, but most studies on LHOF were case reports or small case series. However, the clinical feasibility and oncological safety of LHOF in oncoplastic breast surgery remains controversial. This study reported our experience applying LHOF for immediate breast reconstruction. METHODS: Between June 2018 and March 2022, 300 patients underwent oncoplastic breast surgery using LHOF at our institution. Their clinicopathological data, complications, cosmetic outcomes, and oncologic outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: All patients underwent total breast reconstruction using LHOF after nipple-sparing mastectomy. The median operation time was 230 min (ranging from 155 to 375 min). The median operation time for harvesting the omental flap was 55 min (ranging from 40 to 105 min). The success rate of the laparoscopically harvested pedicled omental flap was over 99.0%. Median blood loss was 70 ml, ranging from 40 to 150 ml. The volume of the flap was insufficient in 102 patients (34.0%). The overall complication rate was 12.3%. Subcutaneous fluid in the breast area (7%) was the most common reconstruction-associated complication, but most cases were relieved spontaneously. The incidence rate of omental flap necrosis was 3.3%. LHOF-associated complications occurred in two cases, including one case of incisional hernia and one case of vascular injury. Cosmetic outcomes were satisfactory in 95.1% of patients on a four-point scale by three-panel assessment and 97.2% using the BCCT.core software. Two local and one systemic recurrence were observed during a median follow-up period of 32 months. CONCLUSIONS: The LHOF for immediate breast reconstruction is a safe and feasible method that involves minimal donor-site morbidity, satisfactory cosmetic outcomes, and promising oncologic safety.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Laparoscopia , Mamoplastia , Humanos , Feminino , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Mamoplastia/efeitos adversos , Mamoplastia/métodos
12.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 409(1): 115, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589572

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Societies are aging, life expectancy is increasing, and as a result, the percentage of elderly people in the population is constantly increasing. When qualifying patients over 65 years of age for bariatric surgery, the benefits and risks should be carefully assessed. Weighing risk factors against each other to improve the quality of life and better control of obesity-related diseases. The study aimed to determine risk factors for bariatric surgery among patients over 65 years of age. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective analysis of patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric procedures from 2008 to 2022. The patients were divided into two groups: complicated (C) and uncomplicated (UC). Uni- and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to obtain significant, independent risk factors. RESULTS: There were 20 (7.0%) patients in C group and 264 (93.0%) patients in UC group. The most common complication was intraperitoneal bleeding (8, 2.8). There was no postoperative mortality. The mean follow-up was 47.5 months. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, length of stay and %EWL significantly corresponded to general complications (OR 1.173, OR 1.020). A higher weight loss before surgery lowered the risk for hemorrhagic events after surgery (OR 0.889). A longer length of stay corresponded to leak after surgery (OR 1.175). CONCLUSIONS: Bariatric and metabolic surgery appears to be a safe method of obesity treatment in patients over 65 years of age. The most common complication was intraperitoneal bleeding. A prolonged hospital stay may increase the risk of leakage, while a higher weight loss before the surgery may lower the risk of bleeding.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Idoso , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Redução de Peso , Resultado do Tratamento , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
13.
BMC Urol ; 24(1): 81, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the safety and short-term outcomes of a new way of laparoscopic trocar placement in pediatric robotic-assisted Lich-Gregoir ureteral reimplantation for vesicoureteral reflux. METHODS: The retrospective study included 32 patients under 14 years diagnosed with primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). All these patients underwent robotic-assisted Lich-Gregoir ureteral reimplantation in our department from December 2020 to August 2022. These patients were divided into the following groups according to the different ways of trocar placement: 13 patients in group single-port plus one (SR) and 19 patients in group multiple-port (MR). Patients' characteristics as well as their perioperative and follow-up data were collected and evaluated. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the data regarding patients' characteristics and preoperative data. These data included the grade of vesicoureteral reflux according to the voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG), and the differential degree of renal function (DRF) at the following time points: preoperative, postoperative, and comparison of preoperative and postoperative. There was no difference between the two groups. During surgery, the time of artificial pneumoperitoneum establishment, ureteral reimplantation time, and total operative time in the SR group were longer than those in the MR group. Yet only the time of artificial pneumoperitoneum establishment shows a statistical difference (P < 0.0001). Also, the peri-operative data, including the volume of blood loss, fasting time, hospitalization, and length of time that a ureteral catheter remained in place, and the number of postoperative complications demonstrate no difference. In addition, the SFU grade and VCUG grade at the following time point also show no difference between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates that SR in robotic-assisted Lich-Gregoir ureteral reimplantation has reached the same surgical effects as MR. In addition, the single-port plus one trocar placement receives a higher cosmetic satisfaction score from parents and did not increase the surgical time and complexity.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Ureter , Refluxo Vesicoureteral , Criança , Humanos , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ureter/cirurgia , Reimplante
14.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 169, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598096

RESUMO

The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the perioperative outcomes of robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) in obese and non-obese patients. Through March 2024, we executed an exhaustive search in internationally acclaimed databases such as PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science, limiting our scope to publications in English. We discarded review articles, protocols lacking empirical data, conference abstracts, and materials not pertinent to our research. Our analytical framework utilized the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel method alongside a random-effects model for evaluating dichotomous variables' mean differences, expressed through odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). We established statistical significance at a P value below 0.05. The comprehensive meta-analysis incorporated data from eight cohort studies, collectively assessing 3657 patients. Findings indicated that, relative to individuals of normal weight, those in the obese category had prolonged operative durations (WMD - 25.68 95% CI - 42.07 to - 9.29; P = 0.002), increased estimated blood loss (WMD - 48.55ml, 95% CI - 78.27 to - 18.83; P = 0.001), and longer warm ischemia times (WMD - 1.11, 95% CI - 2.03 to - 0.19; P = 0.02). However, no significant disparities were observed in hospital stay duration, intraoperative and total postoperative complications, severe postoperative complications, or alterations in postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Our findings conclude that robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) represents a viable and safe surgical approach for obese patients. This assertion is backed by the observation that crucial metrics, including postoperative renal function alterations, surgical complication rates, and hospitalization duration, exhibit no substantial variances when juxtaposed with counterparts of normal weight.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Nefrectomia , Obesidade/complicações , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
15.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 409(1): 112, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587671

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Either extracorporeal anastomosis (EA) or intracorporeal anastomosis (IA) could be selected for digestive reconstruction in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (LRH). However, whether LRH with IA is feasible and beneficial for overweight right-side colon cancer (RCC) is unclear. This study aims to investigate the feasibility and advantage of IA in LRH for overweight RCC. METHODS: Forty-eight consecutive overweight RCC patients undergoing LRH with IA were matched with 48 consecutive cases undergoing LRH with EA. Both clinical and surgical data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: The incidence of postoperative complications was 20.8% (10/48) in the EA group and 14.6% (7/48) in the IA group respectively, with no statistical difference. Compared to the EA group, patients in the IA group revealed faster gas (40.2 + 7.8 h vs. 45.6 + 7.9 h, P = 0.001) and stool discharge (4.0 + 1.2 d vs. 4.5 + 1.1 d, P = 0.040), shorter assisted incision (5.3 + 1.3 cm vs. 7.5 + 1.2 cm, P = 0.000), and less analgesic used (3.3 + 1.3 d vs. 4.0 + 1.3 d, P = 0.012). There were no significant differences in operation time, blood loss, or postoperative hospital stays. In the IA group, the first one third of cases presented longer operation time (228.4 + 29.3 min) compared to the middle (191.0 + 35.0 min, P = 0.003) and the last one third of patients (182.2 + 20.7 min, P = 0.000). CONCLUSION: LRH with IA is feasible and safe for overweight RCC, with faster bowel function recovery and less pain. Accumulation of certain cases of LRH with IA will facilitate surgical procedures and reduce operation time.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Sobrepeso , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Colectomia , Anastomose Cirúrgica
16.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8076, 2024 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580718

RESUMO

Postoperative hepatobiliary enzyme abnormalities often present as postoperative liver dysfunction in patients with gastric cancer (GC). This study aimed to identify the risk factors for postoperative liver dysfunction and their clinical impact after GC surgery. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 124 patients with GC who underwent laparoscopic or robotic surgery at Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine between 2017 and 2019. Twenty (16.1%) patients with GC developed postoperative liver dysfunction (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 ≥ Grade 3). Univariate analyses identified robotic surgery as a risk factor for postoperative liver dysfunction (P = 0.005). There was no correlation between the postoperative liver dysfunction status and postoperative complications or postoperative hospital stays. Patients with postoperative liver dysfunction did not have significantly worse overall survival (P = 0.296) or recurrence-free survival (P = 0.565) than those without postoperative liver dysfunction. Robotic surgery is a risk factor for postoperative liver dysfunction; however, postoperative liver dysfunction does not affect short or long-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Relevância Clínica , Resultado do Tratamento , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco
17.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 215, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581596

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare techniques and outcomes of robotic-assisted varicocelectomy (RAV) and laparoscopic varicocelectomy (LV). METHODS: The medical records of 40 patients, who received RAV and LV over a 2-year period, were retrospectively analyzed. Palomo lymphatic-sparing varicocelectomy using ICG fluorescence was adopted in all cases. Three 5-mm trocars were placed in LV, whereas four ports, three 8-mm and one 5-mm, were placed in RAV. The spermatic vessels were ligated using clips in LV and ligatures in RAV. The two groups were compared regarding patient baseline and operative outcomes. RESULTS: All patients, with median age of 14 years (range 11-17), had left grade 3 varicocele according to Dubin-Amelar. All were symptomatic and 33/40 (82.5%) presented left testicular hypotrophy. All procedures were completed without conversion. The average operative time was significantly shorter in LV [20 min (range 11-30)] than in RAV [34.5 min (range 30-46)] (p = 0.001). No significant differences regarding analgesic requirement and hospitalization were observed (p = 0.55). At long-term follow-up (30 months), no complications occurred in both groups. The cosmetic outcome was significantly better in LV than RAV at 6-month and 12-month evaluations (p = 0.001). The total cost was significantly lower in LV (1.587,07 €) compared to RAV (5.650,31 €) (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: RAV can be safely and effectively performed in pediatric patients, with the same excellent outcomes as conventional laparoscopic procedure. Laparoscopy has the advantages of faster surgery, smaller instruments, better cosmesis and lower cost than robotics. To date, laparoscopy remains preferable to robotics to treat pediatric varicocele.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Varicocele , Masculino , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Varicocele/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
World J Surg Oncol ; 22(1): 87, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the short-term and long-term outcomes of preserving the celiac branch of the vagus nerve during laparoscopic distal gastrectomy. METHODS: A total of 149 patients with prospective diagnosis of gastric cancer who underwent laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) combined with Billroth-II anastomosis and D2 lymph node dissection between 2017 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the preserved LADG group (P-LADG, n = 56) and the resected LADG group (R-LADG, n = 93) according to whether the vagus nerve celiac branch was preserved. We selected 56 patients (P-LADG, n = 56) with preservation of the celiac branch of the vagus nerve and 56 patients (R-LADG, n = 56) with removal of the celiac branch of the vagus nerve by propensity-matched score method. Postoperative nutritional status, weight change, short-term and long-term postoperative complications, and gallstone formation were evaluated in both groups at 5 years of postoperative follow-up. The status of residual gastritis and bile reflux was assessed endoscopically at 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: The incidence of diarrhea at 5 years postoperatively was lower in the P-LADG group than in the R-LADG group (p < 0.05). In the multivariate logistic analysis, the removal of vagus nerve celiac branch was an independent risk factor for the occurrence of postoperative diarrhea (odds ratio = 3.389, 95% confidential interval = 1.143-10.049, p = 0.028). In the multivariate logistic analysis, the removal of vagus nerve celiac branch was an independent risk factor for the occurrence of postoperative diarrhea (odds ratio = 4.371, 95% confidential interval = 1.418-13.479, p = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: Preservation of the celiac branch of the vagus nerve in LADG reduced the incidence of postoperative diarrhea postoperatively in gastric cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University in 2014 under the registration number: LCKY2014-04(X).


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Incidência , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Nervo Vago/patologia , Nervo Vago/cirurgia , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Diarreia/etiologia , Diarreia/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 24(1): 133, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) guided by laparoscopy and ultrasound showed promise in enhancing the multimodal analgesic approach following several abdominal procedures. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety between Laparoscopic (LAP) TAP block (LTAP) and ultrasound-guided TAP block (UTAP) block in patients undergoing LAP bariatric surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This non-inferiority randomized controlled single-blind study was conducted on 120 patients with obesity scheduled for LAP bariatric surgeries. Patients were allocated into two equal groups: LTAP and UTAP, administered with 20 mL of 0.25% bupivacaine on each side. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in the total morphine consumption, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score at all times of measurements, and time to the first rescue analgesia (p > .05) between both groups. The duration of anesthesia and duration of block performance were significantly shorter in the LTAP group than in the UTAP group (p < .001). Both groups had comparable post-operative heart rate, mean arterial pressure, adverse effects, and patient satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: In LAP bariatric surgery, the analgesic effect of LTAP is non-inferior to UTAP, as evidenced by comparable time to first rescue analgesia and total morphine consumption with similar safety blocking through the low incidence of post-operative complications and patient satisfaction. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered in Pan African Clinical Trials Registry (PACTR) (ID: PACTR202206871825386) on June 29, 2022.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Método Simples-Cego , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Laparoscopia/métodos , Morfina , Músculos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos Opioides
20.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 28(4): 389-393, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is an independent risk factor for heart failure (HF). Substantial weight loss has been shown to reverse obesity-related cardiomyopathy. This study aimed to report our institution's experience with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in patients with morbid obesity and end-stage HF. METHODS: Between 2018 and 2022, 26 patients with end-stage HF were referred for LSG. Of 26 patients, 16 underwent an operation, and 10 did not. After institutional review board approval, a retrospective electronic medical record review was performed to evaluate (i) age, (ii) preoperative weight, (iii) decrease in body mass index (BMI) score, (iv) whether the patient underwent heart transplantation, and (v) mortality. Data analysis was performed using Stata/SE (version 17.0; StataCorp). The Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used to compare continuous variables between the cohorts, and the Pearson chi-square test was used for binary variables with Bonferroni correction applied. RESULTS: The LSG and non-LSG cohorts had comparable ages (P = .088) and starting BMI score (P = .918), and a proportion of patients had a ventricular assist device (P = .191). Patients who underwent LSG lost significantly more weight than the patients who did not, with an average decrease in BMI score of 8.9 kg/m2 (SD, ±6.13) and 1.1 kg/m2 (SD, ±4.10), respectively (P = .040). Of note, 6 patients (37.5%) who underwent LSG eventually underwent transplantation, compared with 2 patients (20.0%) from the matched cohort (P = .884). Of the 26 patients, there were 6 deaths: 2 (12.5%) in the LSG cohort and 4 (40.0%) in the non-LSG cohort (P = .525). CONCLUSION: LSG may be safe and effective for weight loss in patients with HF. This operation may provide patients affected by obesity with end-stage HF the lifesaving opportunity to achieve transplant candidacy.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Gastrectomia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Redução de Peso , Resultado do Tratamento
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