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1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(5): 247, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602599

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of information about the possible risk factors that could identify patients with Robin sequence (RS) who are more prone to developing obstructive airway complications after palate closure. This study aimed to compare the respiratory complication rates in patients with RS and isolated cleft palate (ICP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we reviewed the medical records of 243 consecutive patients with RS and ICP who were treated at Amsterdam University Medical Centers over the past 25 years. We collected preoperative data on previous treatment, diagnostic findings, surgical technique, weight, and presence of congenital anomalies. RESULTS: During cleft palate closure, patients with RS were older (11.9 versus 10.1 months; p = 0.001) and had a lower gestational age than those with ICP (37.7 versus 38.5 weeks; p = 0.002). Patients with RS had more respiratory complications (17 versus 5%; p = 0.005), were more often non-electively admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) (13 versus 4.1%; p = 0.022), and had a longer hospital stay duration (3.7 versus 2.7 days; p = 0.011) than those with ICP. The identified risk factors for respiratory problems were a history of tongue-lip-adhesion (TLA) (p = 0.007) and a preoperative weight of < 8 kg (p = 0.015). Similar risk factors were identified for PICU admission (p = 0.015 and 0.004, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The possible risk factors for these outcomes were a low preoperative weight and history of TLA. Closer postoperative surveillance should be considered for patients with these risk factors. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Identifying risk factors for respiratory complications could provide clinicians better insight into their patients and allows them to provide optimal care for their patients.


Assuntos
Fissura Palatina , Síndrome de Pierre Robin , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Síndrome de Pierre Robin/complicações , Síndrome de Pierre Robin/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Língua , Hospitalização
2.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 462, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aimed to identify factors associated with age-related changes in masticatory performance (MP) and oral diadochokinesis (ODK) and to provide normal values in healthy old adults for the diagnosis of oral frailty. METHODS: A total of 385 participants were divided into three age groups (Gr1-3): 20-64 years, 65-74 years, and ≥ 75 years. To investigate tongue-lip motor function, ODK was assessed as the number of repetitions of the monosyllables /pa/ta/ka/. Four questionnaires were used to assess subjective masticatory ability, cognitive ability, and psychological status. MP, bite force, and occlusal area were tested to assess dynamic objective masticatory function, and the number of remaining teeth and functional tooth pairs were determined to assess static objective masticatory function. Handgrip strength (HG), oral dryness, and tongue pressure (TP) were assessed to identify influencing factors. Intergroup differences were evaluated by ANOVA and the Kruskal‒Wallis test, and correlations between ODK and orofacial factors were evaluated. RESULTS: This study revealed significant age-related declines in TP, HG, and ODK, especially after 65 years of age. Factors affecting MP were posterior teeth, the Eichner index, bite force, occluding area, the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination (KMMSE) score, and ODK. Each ODK syllable was associated with different factors, but common factors associated with ODK were MP, HG, and PHQ-9 score. For the syllables /pa/ta/, the Eichner Index, TP, and oral dryness were also associated. For the syllable /ka/ in Gr3, MP, TP, HG, oral dryness, and the KMMSE score were associated. CONCLUSIONS: These results could provide practical guidelines for oral rehabilitation in old adults and contribute to improving the understanding of age-related changes in oral function and the multidimensional nature of masticatory dynamics.


Assuntos
Língua , Xerostomia , Adulto , Humanos , Idoso , Força da Mão , Estudos Transversais , Pressão , Mastigação
3.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 42(1): 52-57, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The term "stereognosis" comes from neurology and describes the capacity to distinguish objects solely by touch. AIM: The aim of this research study was to compare the neuromotor ability of the tongue in patients with malocclusion and tongue dysfunction with and without superficial anesthesia on the tip of the tongue and hard palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 132 patients aged 6-13 years. Using a spatula for speech therapy and a visual evaluation while swallowing saliva, all individuals were identified as having swallowing dysfunctions and divided into three groups: study group (children with malocclusions and tongue dysfunctions) - 44 patients, comparator group (children with malocclusions and without tongue dysfunctions) - 44 patients, and control group (children without malocclusions or tongue dysfunctions) - 44 patients. The Koczorowski methods were used for the stereognostic tests. RESULTS: Age, sex, and malocclusion were taken into account during the differential analysis. The study and comparison groups, study and control groups, and the comparator and control groups all showed statistically significant differences from one another. According to the results, tongue dysfunction affects patients' ability to coordinate their movements with their senses at a developing stage. CONCLUSION: Patients with malocclusions that are made worse by tongue dysfunctions have poorer oral stereognostic sensibility. Speech therapy and interdisciplinary specialist orthodontic treatment are required for individuals with impaired oral perception who are still in the developmental stage and have abnormal tongue position and function.


Assuntos
Anestesia Dentária , Má Oclusão , Humanos , Criança , Língua , Tato , Assistência Odontológica , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619102

RESUMO

Oral leiomyomatous hamartoma (OLH) is a rare lesion, with only 40 cases reported in the literature. It typically presents early in life as a nodule on the anterior maxillary alveolar tissues or the tongue. Its growth potential is limited, with few cases reaching dimensions >2.0 cm, and its microscopic composition includes an intact surface mucosa with an underlying fibrovascular stroma possessing an unencapsulated proliferation of smooth muscle fascicles. Excision is considered the definitive treatment. Here we describe the clinical, microscopic, histochemical, and immunohistochemical features and management of 3 cases of OLH and review the literature. The findings we present here can assist in performing differential diagnosis, particularly in discriminating between OLH and similar yet non-hamartomatous processes and in selecting appropriate management.


Assuntos
Hamartoma , Leiomioma , Humanos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Hamartoma/diagnóstico , Hamartoma/cirurgia , Língua
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 406, 2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated that microRNA (miRNA) expression in tumour tissues has prognostic significance in Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) patients. This study explored the possible prognostic value of miRNAs for TSCC based on published research. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of multiple databases was conducted according to predefined eligibility criteria. Data were extracted from the included studies by two researchers, and HR results were determined based on Kaplan‒Meier curves according to the Tierney method. The Newcastle‒Ottawa Scale (NOS) and GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) pro-GDT were applied to assess the quality of all studies. Publication bias was estimated by funnel plot, Egger's rank correlation test and sensitivity analysis. RESULTS: Eleven studies (891patients) were included, of which 6 reported up-regulated miRNAs and 7 mentioned down-regulated miRNAs. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) from the prognostic indicator overall survival (OS) was 1.34 (1.25-1.44), p < 0.00001, indicating a significant difference in miRNA expression between TSCC patients with better or worse prognosis. CONCLUSION: MiRNAs may have high prognostic value and could be used as prognostic biomarkers of TSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias da Língua , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Língua/genética , Neoplasias da Língua/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Língua/patologia
7.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561260

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of cervical lymph node metastasis in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC). Methods: A retrospective study was conducted. A total of 329 patients with TSCC who underwent en bloc resection of primary tumor and neck dissection in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from June 2010 to March 2018 were included. There were 283 males and 46 females, aged from 26 to 80 years. All patients underwent the modified neck dissection. The main difference between the modified neck dissection and the traditional neck dissection lay in the managements of unconventional lymph nodes. The lymphatic adipose tissues adjacent to the superior thyroid artery, the base of facial artery and the branches of external carotid artery were thoroughly dissected. The primary tumor as well as lingual artery, tissues along the lingual artery and lymph nodes in the mouth floor were resected. χ2 test was used for comparison of count data, and linear regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: Cervical lymph node metastases were found in 136 patients (41.3%). Among 142 patients (T1-2cN0) with supraomohyoid neck dissection, 22 patients had pathologically occult lymph node metastases (15.5%), with a 5-year overall survival rate of 90.2%, which was similar to the 5-year overall survival rate of 92.1% in 120 patients without lymph node metastasis (χ2=0.156, P=0.693). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that T stage, clinical stage and unconventional lymph node metastasis were important factors for cervical lymph node metastasis in tongue cancer patients (P<0.05). Unconventional lymph node metastases occurred in 30 patients (9.1%), including the metastases of lymph nodes in the floor of mouth (3.0%), the lingual artery (2.4%), the base of the external maxillary artery (2.1%), the superior thyroid artery (0.9%), and the external carotid artery (0.6%). There were significant differences in the unconventional lymph node metastasis rates between patients with negative and positive conventional lymph node metastases [4.9%(10/203) vs. 15.9%(20/126), χ2=11.242, P=0.001] and also between patients with depth of invasion ≤5 mm, 5 mm 10 mm [3.1%(2/64) vs. 5.7%(6/106) vs. 13.8%(22/159), χ2=7.907, P=0.005]. Conclusion: Supraomohyoid neck dissection can achieve reliable control efficacy in patients with cN0 tongue cancer. All patients with lymph node dissection should undergo unconventional lymph node dissection. Unconventional lymph node dissection is strongly recommended for patients with conventional lymph node metastasis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias da Língua , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Neoplasias da Língua/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esvaziamento Cervical , Linfonodos/patologia , Língua , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
8.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 42(3): e4000, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566395

RESUMO

Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is a prevalent form of oral malignancy, with increasing incidence. Unfortunately, the 5-year survival rate for patients has not exceeded 50%. Studies have shown that sex-determining region Y box 9 (SOX9) correlates with malignancy and tumor stemness in a variety of tumors. To investigate the role of SOX9 in TSCC stemness, we analyzed its influence on various aspects of tumor biology, including cell proliferation, migration, invasion, sphere and clone formation, and drug resistance in TSCC. Our data suggest a close association between SOX9 expression and both the stemness phenotype and drug resistance in TSCC. Immunohistochemical experiments revealed a progressive increase of SOX9 expression in normal oral mucosa, paracancerous tissues, and tongue squamous carcinoma tissues. Furthermore, the expression of SOX9 was closely linked to the TNM stage, but not to lymph node metastasis or tumor diameter. SOX9 is a crucial gene in TSCC responsible for promoting the stemness function of cancer stem cells. Developing drugs that target SOX9 is extremely important in clinical settings.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Bucais , Neoplasias da Língua , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias da Língua/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Língua/metabolismo , Língua/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Movimento Celular/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/metabolismo
9.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 441, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the increasing proportion of older adults in Korea and growing interest in aging, the concepts of oral aging and oral hypofunction have recently been introduced. Thus, it is necessary to investigate the age-specific oral function levels of Korean older adults and develop expert intervention methods for healthy aging. METHODS: Dysphagia, independence of daily living, and oral hypofunction were assessed in 206 older adults living in Wonju, Gangwon State, South Korea. Subjective dysphagia was assessed through self-report questionnaires using the Dysphagia Handicap Index (DHI), the Korean version of Eating Assessment Tool-10, and the Korean version of the Modified Barthel Index. In addition, the oral hypofunction assessment items included decreased chewing ability, occlusal pressure, tongue pressure, oral dryness, and oral cleanliness. RESULTS: DHI increased significantly with age, with those in their 80 s reporting the most difficulty swallowing. Oral function in terms of chewing ability (maximum occlusal pressure and number of remaining teeth), maximum occlusal pressure, and maximum tongue pressure also declined with increasing age. While there was no significant difference in oral dryness by age, those in their 80 s had dry mouth according to the criteria of the oral moisture checking device. CONCLUSIONS: In an assessment of oral function in community-dwelling, independent Korean older adults, the number of items that were assessed as oral hypofunction increased with age. The findings can be used to standardize the oral hypofunction assessment item and develop age-based individualized intervention plans for the early management of oral health and individual oral myofunctional rehabilitation in Korean community-dwelling older adults.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Xerostomia , Humanos , Idoso , Vida Independente , Pressão , Língua , Saúde Bucal , Avaliação Geriátrica
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37636, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608065

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the clinical predictors, including traditional Chinese medicine tongue characteristics and other clinical parameters for chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression (CIM), and then to develop a clinical prediction model and construct a nomogram. A total of 103 patients with lung cancer were prospectively enrolled in this study. All of them were scheduled to receive first-line chemotherapy regimens. Participants were randomly assigned to either the training group (n = 52) or the test group (n = 51). Tongue characteristics and clinical parameters were collected before the start of chemotherapy, and then the incidence of myelosuppression was assessed after treatment. We used univariate logistic regression analysis to identify the risk predictors for assessing the incidence of CIM. Moreover, we developed a predictive model and a nomogram using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Finally, we evaluated the predictive performance of the model by examining the area under the curve value of the receiver operating characteristic, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis. As a result, a total of 3 independent predictors were found to be associated with the CIM in multivariate regression analysis: the fat tongue (OR = 3.67), Karnofsky performance status score (OR = 0.11), and the number of high-toxic drugs in chemotherapy regimens (OR = 4.78). Then a model was constructed using these 3 predictors and it exhibited a robust predictive performance with an area under the curve of 0.82 and the consistent calibration curves. Besides, the decision curve analysis results suggested that applying this predictive model can result in more net clinical benefit for patients. We established a traditional Chinese medicine prediction model based on the tongue characteristics and clinical parameters, which could serve as a useful tool for assessing the risk of CIM.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Doenças da Medula Óssea , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Estatísticos , Prognóstico , Língua
11.
Clin Nucl Med ; 49(5): e208-e210, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574256

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a leading cause of mortality among genitourinary malignancies with limited therapeutic options. The hematogenous route, lymphatic spread, and direct invasion have been documented in RCC. Usually, metastases are regional lymph nodes, lungs, bone, liver, adrenal glands, contralateral kidney, and brain. Metastases to the rare sites such as skin, breast, head and neck were documented in the literature. In the present case, we describe the synchronous metastases to the base of the tongue and thyroid gland in RCC and the response to sunitinib therapy on 18F-FDG PET/CT.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Seguimentos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Língua/patologia
12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 28(5): 1783-1790, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) accuracy in assessing the depth of invasion (DOI) compared to pathological DOI in oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and to determine whether MRI-measured DOI can predict lymph node metastasis in the cervical region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study comprised 36 patients diagnosed with oral tongue SCC who underwent head and neck MRI 1-30 days before surgery and were surgically treated at King Fahad Medical City between January 2017 and November 2022. Relevant information was collected from the patients' records, and the data were analyzed to determine the radiological-histopathological correlations for the DOI and ascertain the cutoff point for nodal metastasis. RESULTS: A value for Pearson's correlation coefficient between MRI-measured and pathological DOI was 0.86, indicating that these measures were highly associated and consistent with each other. The MRI-measured DOI coronal view (CV) was slightly overestimated than the pathological DOI by 1.72 mm. The cutoff values for the MRI-measured DOI CV and pathological DOI that indicated nodal metastasis were 7.08 mm and 9.04 mm, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative MRI is a valuable tool to accurately stage oral tongue SCC by measuring the depth of tumor invasion.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias da Língua , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Língua/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Língua
13.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 2611-2623, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38505166

RESUMO

Background: The photodynamic therapy (PDT) showed promising potential in treating tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC). The Food and Drug Administration approved Verteporfin (Ver) is a powerful alternative in this field for its penetrating power and high production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, its applications in the treatment of TSCC are still rare. Methods: Ver was loaded onto Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles, followed by the modification with RGD peptide as the ligand. The nanostructured was named as RPV. In vitro assessments were conducted to evaluate the cytotoxicity of RPV through the Live/Dead assay analysis and Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Using the reactive oxygen species assay kit, the potential for inducing targeted tumor cell death upon laser irradiation by promoting ROS production was investigated. In vivo experiments involved with the biological distribution of RPV, the administration with RPV followed by laser irradiation, and the measurement of the tumor volumes. Immunohistochemical analysis was used to detect the Ki-67 expression, and apoptosis induced by RPV-treated group. Systemic toxicity was evaluated through hematoxylin-eosin staining and blood routine analysis. Real-time monitoring was employed to track RPV accumulation at tumor sites. Results: The in vitro assessments demonstrated the low cytotoxicity of RPV and indicated its potential for targeted killing TSCC cells under laser irradiation. In vivo experiments revealed significant tumor growth inhibition with RPV treatment and laser irradiation. Immunohistochemical analysis showed a notable decrease in Ki-67 expression, suggesting the effective suppression of cell proliferation, and TUNEL assay indicated the increased apoptosis in the RPV-treated group. Pathological examination and blood routine analysis revealed no significant systemic toxicity. Real-time monitoring exhibited selective accumulation of RPV at tumor sites. Conclusion: The findings collectively suggest that RPV holds promise as a safe and effective therapeutic strategy for TSCC, offering a combination of targeted drug delivery with photodynamic therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Nanopartículas , Fotoquimioterapia , Neoplasias da Língua , Humanos , Verteporfina/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias da Língua/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Língua/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Língua/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Língua/metabolismo , Língua/patologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes
14.
Can Vet J ; 65(3): 213-219, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38434165

RESUMO

A 9-year-old male Labrador retriever dog was presented with dysphagia and presence of hairs on the tongue. Buccal examination revealed ulcerative glossitis and lingual hairs along the midline. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging of the tongue showed multiple hair shafts contained in a proliferative tissue along the midline and extending in a fistulous tract towards the right ventral aspect of the tongue at mid-length. Surgical excision was completed using a carbon-dioxide laser. Histopathological examination revealed a pyogranulomatous inflammation centered on growing hairs, confirming the diagnosis of glossitis and lingual hair heterotopia. At 10 mo after surgery, all clinical signs and glossitis had disappeared despite partial recurrence of hair on the dorsal sulcus and in the sublingual fistula. Key clinical message: Although lingual hair heterotopia usually has no clinical repercussions, associated ulcerative lesions should support imaging and biopsy.Resection of the lesion using a carbon-dioxide laser resulted in a good outcome in this case, but recurrent hair growth is possible.


Hétérotopie pilaire linguale associée à une glossite pyogranulomateuse chez un chien labrador : traitement chirurgical à l'aide d'un laser au dioxyde de carbone. Un chien Labrador mâle entier de 9 ans est présenté pour une dysphagie et la présence de poils sur la langue. L'examen de la cavité buccale met en évidence une glossite sévère associée à des implantations pilaires. L'échographie et l'imagerie par résonance magnétique de la langue mettent en évidence de multiples poils contenus dans du matériel tissulaire s'étendant le long de la ligne médiane et présentant un trajet fistuleux vers la partie ventrale droite de la langue à mi-longueur de cette dernière. Une exérèse est réalisée à l'aide d'un laser au dioxyde de carbone. L'examen histopathologique de la pièce d'exérèse révèle une inflammation pyogranulomateuse centrée sur des poils en croissance, confirmant le diagnostic de glossite et d'hétérotopie pilaire linguale. Dix mois après la chirurgie, aucun signe clinique n'est réapparu et la glossite a disparu, malgré la récidive partielle de poils sur la partie dorsale de la langue et en région sublinguale droite.Message clinique clé : Bien que l'hétérotopie pilaire linguale n'ait généralement pas de répercussion clinique, les lésions ulcéreuses associées devraient justifier une imagerie et une biopsie.La résection de la lésion à l'aide d'un laser au dioxyde de carbone a donné de bons résultats dans ce cas, mais une pousse récurrente des poils est possible.(Traduit par les auteurs).


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Glossite , Animais , Masculino , Cães , Glossite/veterinária , Língua , Cabelo , Carbono , Lasers , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia
16.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299845, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38527058

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to design a new maneuver called the Mouth Open Swallowing Maneuver (MOSM), and to compare swallowing kinematics and submental muscles activation (SMA) between MOSM and two current approaches used in dysphagia rehabilitation. Fifty healthy volunteers were asked to perform three repetitions of dry swallowing (DS) (control task), the MOSM, the Mendelsohn Maneuver (MM), and the Tongue-Hold Maneuver (THM) during videofluoroscopic swallowing study accompanied with simultaneous SMA recording. Swallowing kinematics were measured by frame-by-frame analysis on hyolaryngeal movement using ImageJ. Swallowing with maximum hyolaryngeal movement and SMA during these tasks was used for comparative analysis. Vertical movement of the hyoid during the MOSM was significantly greater than those observed during the DS and the THM (p<0.001, p<0.001). Horizontal movement of the hyoid during DS and the THM was significantly greater than that observed during the MM (p = 0.001, p = 0.001). Vertical movement of the larynx during the MOSM was significantly greater than those observed during DS, MM, and THM (p<0.001). There was no significant difference between tasks in horizontal movement of the larynx (p = 0.785). SMA during the THM was significantly greater than that observed during MOSM (p = 0.002). No significant difference was found between other tasks in terms of SMA (p>0.05). The MOSM as a newly designed maneuver was significantly superior to other maneuvers in increasing vertical hyolaryngeal movement. The THM has as much effect on hyolaryngeal movement as the MM. In this study, the MOSM was shown to be effective in increasing hyolaryngeal movement. ClinicalTrials.gov Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS); the clinical trial registration number (NCT05579041).


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Laringe , Humanos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Deglutição/fisiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/reabilitação , Osso Hioide , Laringe/fisiologia , Músculos , Língua
17.
Neuroscience ; 544: 117-127, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447688

RESUMO

Previous research has mapped out the brain regions that respond to semantic stimuli presented visually and auditorily, but there is debate about whether semantic representation is modality-specific (only written or only spoken) or modality-invariant (both written and spoken). The mechanism of semantic representation underlying native (L1) and second language (L2) comprehension in different modalities as well as how this mechanism is influenced by L2 proficiency, remains unclear. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from the OpenNEURO database to calculate neural pattern similarity across native and second languages (Spanish and English) for different input modalities (written and spoken) and learning sessions (before and after training). The correlations between behavioral performance and cross-language pattern similarity for L1 and L2 were also calculated. Spanish-English bilingual adolescents (N = 24; ages 16-17; 19 girls) participated in a 3-month English immersion after-school program. As L2 proficiency increased, greater cross-language pattern similarity between L1 and L2 spoken words was observed in the left pars triangularis. Cross-language pattern similarity between L1 and L2 written words was observed in the right anterior temporal lobe. Brain-behavior correlations indicated that increased cross-language pattern similarity between L1 and L2 written words in the right anterior temporal lobe was associated with L2 written word comprehension. This study identified an effective neurofunctional predictor related to L2 written word comprehension.


Assuntos
Multilinguismo , Feminino , Adolescente , Humanos , Idioma , Semântica , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Língua
18.
Br Dent J ; 236(6): 437, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519667
20.
Clin Chim Acta ; 557: 117854, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513931

RESUMO

Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is associated with an increased risk of cesarean section and adverse fetal outcomes. Currently, ICP diagnosis depends largely on serum levels of bile acids and lacks sensitivity and specificity for accurate diagnosis. Tongue diagnosis is an important diagnostic tool in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and is used in our clinic as complementary treatment and personalized medicine for ICP. However, the molecular basis of the manifestation of greasy white tongue coatings in ICP remains unknown. In this study, we performed untargeted metabolomic profiling of the serum, tongue coating, and saliva of 66 pregnant women, including 22 with ICP. The metabolomic profiles of the serum and tongue coatings showed marked differences between the two clinical groups. Forty-six differentially abundant metabolites were identified, and their relative concentrations correlated with total bile acid levels. These differential metabolites included bile acids, lipids, microbiota- and diet-related metabolites, and exposomes. Conventional biochemical markers, including serum aminotransferases and bilirubin, were not significantly increased in the ICP group, whereas the total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly increased as early as the first trimester. Our data provide insights into the pathophysiology of ICP and implicate the gut-liver axis and environmental exposure. Tongue coating has the potential to be a non-invasive diagnostic approach. Further studies are required to validate the clinical utility of these findings.


Assuntos
Colestase Intra-Hepática , Complicações na Gravidez , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Gestantes , Cesárea , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Colestase Intra-Hepática/diagnóstico , Língua
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