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1.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(10): 978-84, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726029

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of siRNA hsa-circ-0000885 modified bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on osteogenic differentiation, cell proliferation and apoptosis in order to provide new ideas and methods for the clinical treatment of osteoporosis (OP). METHODS: From September 2018 to February 2020, 13 patients with osteoporosis admitted to our hospital were selected as the research objects, including 11 females and 2 males, with an age of (65.45±10.77) years old. After obtaining the informed consent of patients, peripheral blood tissues were extracted. Then the expression level of cir-cRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMC) was detected by circ RNA chip. The expression of circ RNA was silenced by siRNA technology. The BMSCs were transfected with lentivirus. According to the siRNA interference plasmid hsa-circ-0000885, the cells were divided into the blank group, the empty vector group and the siRNA interference group. After 72 hours of treatment, the cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry, the apoptosis level was detected by AV-PI kit, and the osteogenic differentiation ability of BMSCs was detected by ALP staining. RESULTS: The expression of hsa-circ-0000885 in PBMC of patients with osteoporosis was significantly higher than that of healthy controls (t=2.119, P<0.05). ALP staining showed that siR-NA hsa-circ-0000885 could promote the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, which was obviously too much in the blank group and blank plasmid group (F=9.132, q=2.995, 2.897;P=0.009, 0.012<0.05). The results of CCK-8 showed that siRNA hsa-circ-0000885 could promote the proliferation of BMSCs, which was significantly higher than that of the blank group and blank plasmid group (F=9.881, q=2.457, 2.904;P=0.032, 0.016<0.05). The results of AV-PI showed that the apoptosis rate of siRNA interference group was significantly lower than that of blank group and blank plasmid group(F=10.208;q=2.885, 3.001; P=0.019, 0.011<0.05). CONCLUSION: The lentivirus mediated siRNA hsa-circ-0000885 plasmid transfected into BMSCs and osteoclast co culture system can promote cell proliferation, inhibit apoptosis and promote osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, which can be used as a potential therapeutic target for OP patients.


Assuntos
Leucócitos Mononucleares , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Idoso , Apoptose/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células/genética , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Cocultura , Feminino , Humanos , Lentivirus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoclastos , Osteogênese/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Transfecção
2.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(10): 1547-1553, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755671

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect the binding of Mage-D1 with activated p75NTR and explore their role in regulating mineralization of ectomesenchymal stem cells (EMSCs). METHODS: EMSCs were isolated from the tooth germs of embryonic SD rats (19.5 days of gestation) by tissue explant culture and were identified for surface markers using flow cytometry. The cultured cells were divided into blank control group, 100 ng/mL nerve growth factor (NGF) stimulation group, and lentivirus-mediated Mage-D1 interference (SH-Mage-D1) group. Proximity ligation assay was used to detect the binding of Mage-D1 with activated p75NTR in the EMSCs, and the binding strength was compared among the 3 groups. Alizarin red staining and ALP staining were used to observe mineralization of the induced cells. The expressions of ALP, Runx2, OCN, BSP, OPN, Msx1 and Dlx1 at both the mRNA and protein levels were detected using RT-PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: The isolated EMSCs expressed high levels of cell surface markers CD44, CD90, CD29, CD146, and CD105 with a low expression of CD45. The results of proximity ligation assay showed that the binding of Mage-D1 with activated p75NTR in the cells increased over time, and the binding strength was significantly greater in NFG-treated cells than in the cells in the other two groups (P < 0.05). Alizarin red staining and ALP staining of the induced cells showed that the changes in the mineralization nodules were consistent with those of ALP activity. The cells treated with 100 ng/mL NGF exhibited significantly increased expressions of ALP, Runx2, OCN, BSP, OPN, Col1, Msx1 and Dlx1 as compared with the cells in the other two groups (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Mage-D1 directly binds to activated p75NTR in embryonic rat EMSCs to positively regulate the mineralization of the EMSCs.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Lentivirus , Osteogênese , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
3.
Arch Oral Biol ; 131: 105264, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598025

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) is one of the vital factors in regenerative endodontics. Previous studies have focused on the role of IGF1 in the mineralization of dental tissues. However, the role of IGF1 in the neural differentiation of dental stem cells was little discussed. DESIGN: IGF1 was overexpressed in human stem cells from the apical papilla (hSCAPs) by lentivirus and knocked down in hSCAPs by small interfering RNA. The neural differentiation level of hSCAPs was investigated histologically by HE staining and Nissl staining after neural induction for 3 days. The expression of proteins was examined by western blot and immunofluorescence. RESULTS: IGF1 promoted neural differentiation of hSCAPs, more cell processes and Nissl-positive body stained cells. IGF1 overexpression could both promote glial differentiation in hSCAPs, characterized by the increase of S100ß and GFAP proteins, and neuronal differentiation, characterized by the increase of ßIII-tubulin and functional GAD67/vGLUT1 proteins. Conversely, IGF1 knockdown suppressed both glial and neuronal differentiation. IGF1 activated AKT to regulate the early neural differentiation of hSCAPs. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate IGF1 could promote neural differentiation of hSCAPs by activating AKT signaling and provide a cue for the candidate of induced neural seeding cells in regenerative endodontics.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Células-Tronco , Células Cultivadas , Papila Dentária/citologia , Humanos , Lentivirus , Transdução de Sinais , Células-Tronco/citologia
4.
J Anim Sci ; 99(11)2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673957

RESUMO

Ovine progressive pneumonia virus (OPPV) is a small ruminant lentivirus that is widespread throughout U.S. sheep flocks. Infections with OPPV are lifelong and effects are multi-systemic with significant implications for animal well-being and productivity. A protein isoform with lysine at position 35 (K35, haplotype "1") encoded by the ovine transmembrane protein 154 (TMEM154) gene has been associated with reduced susceptibility to infection when two copies are present (i.e., diplotype "1,1"). Conversely, the ancestral protein isoform with glutamate at position 35 (E35, haplotype "3") is associated with high susceptibility to infection when at least one copy is present. The beneficial effect of TMEM154 K35 alleles on ewe productivity has not been previously measured in controlled challenge experiments and was a major objective of this study. Ewes with TMEM154 diplotypes "1,1"; "1,3"; and "3,3" (n = 31, 47, and 30, respectively) were born and reared by OPPV-infected dams and managed under continual natural exposure to OPPV. Ewes were tested for serological status at 4-mo intervals for up to 5.5 yr. The incidence of infection in ewes with diplotype "1,1" was 6.5% to 9.7% and significantly lower (P < 0.001) than ewes with diplotype "1,3" (60.5 to 97.3%) or "3,3" (64.0 to 91.4%). Furthermore, the incidence among ewes with diplotype "1,1" did not increase from 10 to 67 mo of age (P > 0.99), whereas the incidence among diplotype "1,3" and "3,3" ewes increased steadily until reaching an asymptote at approximately 52 mo of age. Total number and weight of lamb weaned per ewe exposed through 5.5 yr from ewes with diplotype "1,1" far exceeded (P ≤ 0.05) those with diplotypes "1,3" and "3,3" by, on average, 2.1 lambs and 40 kg, respectively. The present study confirmed that TMEM154 diplotype "1,1" animals have reduced incidence of OPPV infection and, correspondingly, improved productivity. In flocks with a high frequency of TMEM154 haplotype "3," selection for haplotype "1" appears to be a cost-effective approach to mitigate the impact of this economically important disease.


Assuntos
Infecções por Lentivirus , Animais , Feminino , Haplótipos , Incidência , Lentivirus , Infecções por Lentivirus/veterinária , Ovinos , Carneiro Doméstico
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638603

RESUMO

Lentiviral (LV) vectors have emerged as powerful tools for transgene delivery ex vivo but in vivo gene therapy applications involving LV vectors have faced a number of challenges, including the low efficiency of transgene delivery, a lack of tissue specificity, immunogenicity to both the product encoded by the transgene and the vector, and the inactivation of the vector by the human complement cascade. To mitigate these issues, several engineering approaches, involving the covalent modification of vector particles or the incorporation of specific protein domains into the vector's envelope, have been tested. Short synthetic oligonucleotides, including aptamers bound to the surface of LV vectors, may provide a novel means with which to retarget LV vectors to specific cells and to shield these vectors from neutralization by sera. The purpose of this study was to develop strategies to tether nucleic acid sequences, including short RNA sequences, to LV vector particles in a specific and tight fashion. To bind short RNA sequences to LV vector particles, a bacteriophage lambda N protein-derived RNA binding domain (λN), fused to the measles virus hemagglutinin protein, was used. The λN protein bound RNA sequences bearing a boxB RNA hairpin. To test this approach, we used an RNA aptamer specific to the human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which was bound to LV vector particles via an RNA scaffold containing a boxB RNA motif. The results obtained confirmed that the EGFR-specific RNA aptamer bound to cells expressing EGFR and that the boxB containing the RNA scaffold was bound specifically to the λN RNA binding domain attached to the vector. These results show that LV vectors can be equipped with nucleic acid sequences to develop improved LV vectors for in vivo applications.


Assuntos
Vetores Genéticos/genética , Lentivirus/genética , RNA/genética , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores ErbB/genética , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Terapia Genética/métodos , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Transgenes/genética , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/genética
6.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(9): 788-793, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533125

RESUMO

Objective To construct a lentiviral expression vector of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) recognizing hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and make it expressed in NK92MI cells. Methods The CAR was designed and synthesized with the sequence of single chain variable fragment (scFv). Next it was cloned into a lentivirus expression vector, followed by packaging, concentration and titer determination. Then HEK293T cells were transduced with the concentrated lentivirus. The expression of CD3 zeta chain and the infection efficiency in the NK92MI cells were detected by Western blotting. Results The lentiviral expression vector of CAR for HBsAg recognition was successfully constructed, and the titer was ≥107 transducing units (TU)/mL. The expression of protein CD3zeta was verified in the NK92MI cells after infected with the lentiviral vector. Conclusion CAR-NK92MI cells recognizing HBsAg has been established successfully.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Células HEK293 , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Lentivirus/genética
7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5541, 2021 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545097

RESUMO

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) produces a persistent latent infection. Control of HIV-1 using combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) comes at the cost of life-shortening side effects and development of drug-resistant HIV-1. An ideal and safer therapy should be deliverable in vivo and target the stable epigenetic repression of the virus, inducing a stable "block and lock" of virus expression. Towards this goal, we developed an HIV-1 promoter-targeting Zinc Finger Protein (ZFP-362) fused to active domains of DNA methyltransferase 3 A to induce long-term stable epigenetic repression of HIV-1. Cells were engineered to produce exosomes packaged with RNAs encoding this HIV-1 repressor protein. We find here that the repressor loaded anti-HIV-1 exosomes suppress virus expression and that this suppression is mechanistically driven by DNA methylation of HIV-1 in humanized NSG mouse models. The observations presented here pave the way for an exosome-mediated systemic delivery platform of therapeutic cargo to epigenetically repress HIV-1 infection.


Assuntos
Repressão Epigenética/genética , Exossomos/metabolismo , HIV-1/genética , Animais , Encéfalo/patologia , Encéfalo/virologia , Linhagem Celular , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA/genética , Exossomos/ultraestrutura , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Humanos , Lentivirus/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Camundongos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Sequências Repetidas Terminais/genética , Carga Viral , Dedos de Zinco
8.
Life Sci ; 284: 119922, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480930

RESUMO

AIMS: Notch signaling is closely related to a variety of diseases, but the role of Notch2 in allergic rhinitis (AR) remain unclear. This study was performed to investigate the effects of Notch2 on the differentiation of Treg cells and on the inflammatory response of AR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peripheral blood (including 101 AR patients and 66 Controls) and nasal mucosa (including 19 AR patients and 17 Controls) were collected to detect the expression levels of Notch2, NICD2 and FOXP3. CD4+ T cells of human origin were selected to detect the effects of Notch2 on the differentiation of Treg cells and FOXP3. An AR mouse model was established, and lentiviruses overexpressing Notch2 were administered. Then, allergic symptoms, OVA-sIgE titers, nasal mucosal inflammation, Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokines and splenic Treg cells were assessed. KEY FINDINGS: Compared with that in the Control group, the expression of Notch2 in the AR group was decreased, and Notch2 expression was negatively correlated with the degree of allergy (P < 0.01). The expression levels of Notch2, NICD2 and FOXP3 were decreased in the nasal mucosa of AR patients. Notch2 can promote the differentiation of human Treg cells in vitro (P < 0.05), and Notch2 can directly promote FOXP3 transcription. Animal experiments showed after the upregulation of Notch2 expression, the allergic inflammatory of mice with AR was reduced, the differentiation of Treg cells was increased, and the imbalance of T cells was reversed (P < 0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: Notch2 promotes the differentiation of Treg cells by upregulating FOXP3 expression, thus significantly inhibiting the inflammatory response of AR.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Receptor Notch2/metabolismo , Rinite Alérgica/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Animais , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Lentivirus/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mucosa Nasal/metabolismo , Mucosa Nasal/patologia , Receptor Notch2/sangue , Rinite Alérgica/sangue , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transcrição Genética
9.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0251611, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587152

RESUMO

Alternative splicing of the gene MAPT produces several isoforms of tau protein. Overexpression of these isoforms is characteristic of tauopathies, which are currently untreatable neurodegenerative diseases. Though non-canonical functions of tau have drawn interest, the role of tau isoforms in these diseases has not been fully examined and may reveal new details of tau-driven pathology. In particular, tau has been shown to promote activation of transposable elements-highly regulated nucleotide sequences that replicate throughout the genome and can promote immunologic responses and cellular stress. This study examined tau isoforms' roles in promoting cell damage and dysregulation of genes and transposable elements at a family-specific and locus-specific level. We performed immunofluorescence, Western blot and cytotoxicity assays, along with paired-end RNA sequencing on differentiated SH-SY5Y cells infected with lentiviral constructs of tau isoforms and treated with amyloid-beta oligomers. Our transcriptomic findings were validated using publicly available RNA-sequencing data from Alzheimer's disease, progressive supranuclear palsy and control human samples from the Accelerating Medicine's Partnership for AD (AMP-AD). Significance for biochemical assays was determined using Wilcoxon ranked-sum tests and false discovery rate. Transcriptome analysis was conducted through DESeq2 and the TEToolkit suite available from the Hammell lab at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Our analyses show overexpression of different tau isoforms and their interactions with amyloid-beta in SH-SY5Y cells result in isoform-specific changes in the transcriptome, with locus-specific transposable element dysregulation patterns paralleling those seen in patients with Alzheimer's disease and progressive supranuclear palsy. Locus-level transposable element expression showed increased dysregulation of L1 and Alu sites, which have been shown to drive pathology in other neurological diseases. We also demonstrated differences in rates of cell death in SH-SY5Y cells depending on tau isoform overexpression. These results demonstrate the importance of examining tau isoforms' role in neurodegeneration and of further examining transposable element dysregulation in tauopathies and its role in activating the innate immune system.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/farmacologia , Elementos de DNA Transponíveis , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Lentivirus/genética , Paralisia Supranuclear Progressiva/genética , Proteínas tau/genética , Processamento Alternativo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transfecção
10.
J Virol ; 95(22): e0096621, 2021 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495700

RESUMO

The high pathogenicity of SARS-CoV-2 requires it to be handled under biosafety level 3 conditions. Consequently, Spike protein-pseudotyped vectors are a useful tool to study viral entry and its inhibition, with retroviral, lentiviral (LV), and vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) vectors the most commonly used systems. Methods to increase the titer of such vectors commonly include concentration by ultracentrifugation and truncation of the Spike protein cytoplasmic tail. However, limited studies have examined whether such a modification also impacts the protein's function. Here, we optimized concentration methods for SARS-CoV-2 Spike-pseudotyped VSV vectors, finding that tangential flow filtration produced vectors with more consistent titers than ultracentrifugation. We also examined the impact of Spike tail truncation on transduction of various cell types and sensitivity to convalescent serum neutralization. We found that tail truncation increased Spike incorporation into both LV and VSV vectors and resulted in enhanced titers but had no impact on sensitivity to convalescent serum. In addition, we analyzed the effect of the D614G mutation, which became a dominant SARS-CoV-2 variant early in the pandemic. Our studies revealed that, similar to the tail truncation, D614G independently increases Spike incorporation and vector titers, but this effect is masked by also including the cytoplasmic tail truncation. Therefore, the use of full-length Spike protein, combined with tangential flow filtration, is recommended as a method to generate high titer pseudotyped vectors that retain native Spike protein functions. IMPORTANCE Pseudotyped viral vectors are useful tools to study the properties of viral fusion proteins, especially those from highly pathogenic viruses. The Spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 has been investigated using pseudotyped lentiviral and VSV vector systems, where truncation of its cytoplasmic tail is commonly used to enhance Spike incorporation into vectors and to increase the titers of the resulting vectors. However, our studies have shown that such effects can also mask the phenotype of the D614G mutation in the ectodomain of the protein, which was a dominant variant arising early in the COVID-19 pandemic. To better ensure the authenticity of Spike protein phenotypes when using pseudotyped vectors, we recommend using full-length Spike proteins, combined with tangential flow filtration methods of concentration if higher-titer vectors are required.


Assuntos
Vetores Genéticos/fisiologia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Vetores Genéticos/imunologia , Humanos , Lentivirus/genética , Mutação , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Vírus da Estomatite Vesicular Indiana/genética , Carga Viral/genética
11.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 62(12): 17, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542556

RESUMO

Purpose: Investigate the contribution of the Wnt pathway to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/anti-VEGF-mediated control of endothelial cell permeability. Methods: High glucose-treated primary human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs) were exposed to either VEGF, or VEGF and then anti-VEGF. Changes in gene expression were assayed by RNAseq and qRT-PCR. Permeability was monitored by electrical cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS). Approaches to activate the Wnt pathway included treatment with LiCl and overexpression of constitutively activated ß-catenin. ß-catenin-dependent transcriptional activity was monitored in HRECs stably expressing a TCF/LEF-driven reporter. Results: VEGF/anti-VEGF altered expression of genes encoding many members of the Wnt pathway. A subset of these genes was regulated in a way that is likely to contribute to control of the endothelial cell barrier. Namely, the VEGF-induced alteration of expression of such genes was reversed by anti-VEGF, and such adjustments occurred at times corresponding to changes in barrier function. While pharmacological and molecular approaches to activate the Wnt pathway had no effect on basal permeability, they suppressed VEGF-induced relaxation. Furthermore, anti-VEGF-mediated restoration of barrier function was unaffected by activation of the Wnt pathway. Conclusions: VEGF/anti-VEGF engages multiple members of the Wnt pathway, and activating this pathway enforces the endothelial barrier by attenuating VEGF-induced relaxation. These data suggest that FDA-approved agents such as LiCl may be an adjuvant to anti-VEGF therapy for patients afflicted with blinding conditions including diabetic retinopathy.


Assuntos
Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular/fisiologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Vasos Retinianos/citologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/fisiologia , Adulto , Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Impedância Elétrica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Glucose/farmacologia , Humanos , Lentivirus/genética , Cloreto de Lítio/farmacologia , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacologia , Transfecção , beta Catenina/metabolismo
12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16201, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376765

RESUMO

Optical spectroscopic techniques have been commonly used to detect the presence of biofilm-forming pathogens (bacteria and fungi) in the agro-food industry. Recently, near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy revealed that it is also possible to detect the presence of viruses in animal and vegetal tissues. Here we report a platform based on visible and NIR (VNIR) hyperspectral imaging for non-contact, reagent free detection and quantification of laboratory-engineered viral particles in fluid samples (liquid droplets and dry residue) using both partial least square-discriminant analysis and artificial feed-forward neural networks. The detection was successfully achieved in preparations of phosphate buffered solution and artificial saliva, with an equivalent pixel volume of 4 nL and lowest concentration of 800 TU·[Formula: see text]L-1. This method constitutes an innovative approach that could be potentially used at point of care for rapid mass screening of viral infectious diseases and monitoring of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Infecções por Lentivirus/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/normas , Lentivirus/isolamento & purificação , Lentivirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Lentivirus/virologia , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/normas , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Saliva/virologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/normas
13.
FASEB J ; 35(9): e21801, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365657

RESUMO

The spike protein of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) plays a crucial role in mediating viral entry into host cells. However, whether it contributes to pulmonary hyperinflammation in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 is not well known. In this study, we developed a spike protein-pseudotyped (Spp) lentivirus with the proper tropism of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein on the surface and determined the distribution of the Spp lentivirus in wild-type C57BL/6J male mice that received an intravenous injection of the virus. Lentiviruses with vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein (VSV-G) or with a deletion of the receptor-binding domain (RBD) in the spike protein [Spp (∆RBD)] were used as controls. Two hours postinfection (hpi), there were 27-75 times more viral burden from Spp lentivirus in the lungs than in other organs; there were also about 3-5 times more viral burden from Spp lentivirus than from VSV-G lentivirus in the lungs, liver, kidney, and spleen. Deletion of RBD diminished viral loads in the lungs but not in the heart. Acute pneumonia was observed in animals 24 hpi. Spp lentivirus was mainly found in SPC+ and LDLR+ pneumocytes and macrophages in the lungs. IL6, IL10, CD80, and PPAR-γ were quickly upregulated in response to infection in the lungs as well as in macrophage-like RAW264.7 cells. Furthermore, forced expression of the spike protein in RAW264.7 cells significantly increased the mRNA levels of the same panel of inflammatory factors. Our results demonstrated that the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 confers the main point of viral entry into the lungs and can induce cellular pathology. Our data also indicate that an alternative ACE2-independent viral entry pathway may be recruited in the heart and aorta.


Assuntos
Macrófagos/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Doença Aguda , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/virologia , Animais , Antígeno B7-1 , Linhagem Celular , Mediadores da Inflamação , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-6 , Lentivirus/genética , Lentivirus/isolamento & purificação , Lentivirus/metabolismo , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/virologia , Macrófagos/virologia , Masculino , Glicoproteínas de Membrana , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , PPAR gama , Células RAW 264.7 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Proteínas do Envelope Viral
14.
Viruses ; 13(7)2021 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372567

RESUMO

Glioblastoma is the most malignant and most common form of brain tumor, still today associated with a poor 14-months median survival from diagnosis. Protein kinase A, particularly its regulatory subunit R2Alpha, presents a typical intracellular distribution in glioblastoma cells compared to the healthy brain parenchyma and this peculiarity might be exploited in a therapeutic setting. In the present study, a third-generation lentiviral system for delivery of shRNA targeting the regulatory subunit R2Alpha of protein kinase A was developed. Generated lentiviral vectors are able to induce an efficient and stable downregulation of R2Alpha in different cellular models, including non-stem and stem-like glioblastoma cells. In addition, our data suggest a potential correlation between silencing of the regulatory subunit of protein kinase A and reduced viability of tumor cells, apparently due to a reduction in replication rate. Thus, our findings support the role of protein kinase A as a promising target for novel anti-glioma therapies.


Assuntos
Subunidade RIIalfa da Proteína Quinase Dependente de AMP Cíclico/genética , Subunidade RIIalfa da Proteína Quinase Dependente de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Subunidade RIIalfa da Proteína Quinase Dependente de AMP Cíclico/fisiologia , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/genética , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/fisiopatologia , Glioma/genética , Glioma/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Lentivirus/genética , Interferência de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Transdução Genética/métodos
15.
Gene ; 803: 145889, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371094

RESUMO

Although seen as a revolution in modern science, gene therapy has been plagued by failed clinical trials and controversial ethics in the last thirty years. Moreover, there is no comprehensive, in-depth, high-quality analysis of global gene therapy patents. This paper proposes a method to correctly retrieve patents to address the issue and use it for the patent landscape. The results show the global patent landscape of gene therapy, with the United States dominating the field, while China has emerged as a leader in recent years. For various reasons, the EU, Korea, and Japan lag in the development of patented technologies. China has edged closer to the US in both live and indefinite patents, with the Chinese Academy of Military Medical Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Sciences leading the way, surpassing primary applicants such as the US Department of Health and Human Services, the University of California, and the University of Pennsylvania. The study also reveals four broad categories of technologies that have been extensively studied in gene therapy: basic biology of the gene and diseases, diseases being treated, gene delivery methods, and potential adverse events. What is more, Adeno-Associated Virus, Retrovirus, and Lentivirus are the most prevalent gene therapy delivery vectors after 2014. The industrial development trend revealed in this paper can provide an evidence-based basis for scientific research management and decision-making.


Assuntos
Terapia Genética , Vetores Genéticos/classificação , Patentes como Assunto , China , Dependovirus/genética , União Europeia , Humanos , Japão , Lentivirus/genética , República da Coreia , Retroviridae/genética , Estados Unidos
16.
Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis ; 78: 101693, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399377

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to verify the presence of small ruminant lentivirus in the amniotic fluid of goats using molecular tests and viral isolation by cocultivation in the amniotic fluid of naturally infected goats. The study analyzed eight goats: seven were small ruminant lentivirus-positive and one was negative. The amniotic fluid was collected from each of the eight animals during cesarean section at 147 days of pregnancy. Cocultivation was undertaken using secondary goat nictitating membrane cell cultures obtained by explant from a small ruminant lentivirus-negative calf followed by trypsinization and sub-cultivation of the cells for 63 days. During this period, five supernatant collections were performed for DNA extraction and subsequent nested polymerase chain reaction. DNA was extracted from the amniotic fluid after 3 h of cellular sedimentation, from which a sample of 600 µL was taken from the sediment and another 600 µL sample from the supernatant. After DNA extraction, nested polymerase chain reaction was performed. Of the eight goats, 62.5 % (05/08) were small ruminant lentivirus-positive, with 43.75 % (07/16) of the total samples positive when considering the two repetitions (supernatant and cell sediment). Moreover, positivity was confirmed by small ruminant lentivirus pro-viral DNA amplification in the cell supernatant throughout the cocultivation period. Small ruminant lentivirus were present in the amniotic fluid samples from the naturally infected goats indicating an intrauterine transmission route. Moreover, this biological fluid can be adopted for the diagnosis of these lentiviruse because it is an important risk factor related to intrauterine transmission.


Assuntos
Doenças das Cabras , Infecções por Lentivirus , Doenças dos Ovinos , Líquido Amniótico , Animais , Cesárea/veterinária , Feminino , Doenças das Cabras/diagnóstico , Cabras , Lentivirus/genética , Infecções por Lentivirus/veterinária , Gravidez , Ruminantes , Ovinos
17.
Viruses ; 13(8)2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452443

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is the seventh identified human coronavirus. Understanding the extent of pre-existing immunity induced by seropositivity to endemic seasonal coronaviruses and the impact of cross-reactivity on COVID-19 disease progression remains a key research question in immunity to SARS-CoV-2 and the immunopathology of COVID-2019 disease. This paper describes a panel of lentiviral pseudotypes bearing the spike (S) proteins for each of the seven human coronaviruses (HCoVs), generated under similar conditions optimized for high titre production allowing a high-throughput investigation of antibody neutralization breadth. Optimal production conditions and most readily available permissive target cell lines were determined for spike-mediated entry by each HCoV pseudotype: SARS-CoV-1, SARS-CoV-2 and HCoV-NL63 best transduced HEK293T/17 cells transfected with ACE2 and TMPRSS2, HCoV-229E and MERS-CoV preferentially entered HUH7 cells, and CHO cells were most permissive for the seasonal betacoronavirus HCoV-HKU1. Entry of ACE2 using pseudotypes was enhanced by ACE2 and TMPRSS2 expression in target cells, whilst TMPRSS2 transfection rendered HEK293T/17 cells permissive for HCoV-HKU1 and HCoV-OC43 entry. Additionally, pseudotype viruses were produced bearing additional coronavirus surface proteins, including the SARS-CoV-2 Envelope (E) and Membrane (M) proteins and HCoV-OC43/HCoV-HKU1 Haemagglutinin-Esterase (HE) proteins. This panel of lentiviral pseudotypes provides a safe, rapidly quantifiable and high-throughput tool for serological comparison of pan-coronavirus neutralizing responses; this can be used to elucidate antibody dynamics against individual coronaviruses and the effects of antibody cross-reactivity on clinical outcome following natural infection or vaccination.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Anticorpos Amplamente Neutralizantes/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Coronavirus/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Amplamente Neutralizantes/sangue , Linhagem Celular , Coronavirus Humano 229E/imunologia , Coronavirus Humano 229E/fisiologia , Coronavirus Humano NL63/imunologia , Coronavirus Humano NL63/fisiologia , Coronavirus Humano OC43/imunologia , Coronavirus Humano OC43/fisiologia , Reações Cruzadas , Humanos , Lentivirus/genética , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/imunologia , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/fisiologia , Testes de Neutralização , Plasmídeos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Transfecção , Internalização do Vírus
18.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 259(10): 2987-2994, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357416

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previously, we reported that the intravenous injection of bone marrow-derived cells (BMDC) infected with lentivirus expressing the human RPE65 gene resulted in the programming of BMDC to promote visual recovery in a mouse model of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The aim of this study was to characterize the spatial and temporal recruitment of these programmed BMDC to the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) layer. METHODS: C57BL/6J female mice received a subretinal injection of AAV1-SOD2 ribozyme to knock down (KD) superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) and induce AMD-like pathology. BMDC were isolated from GFP+ mice and infected with a lentivirus expressing RPE65. One month after SOD2 KD, fifty thousand GFP+ RPE65-BMDC were injected in the mouse tail vein. Animals were terminated at different time points up to 60 min following cell administration, and localization of GFP+ cells was determined by fluorescence microscopy of neural retina and RPE flat mounts and tissue sections. RESULTS: GFP+ RPE65- BMDC were observed in SOD2 KD neural retina and RPE as early as 1 min following administration. With increasing time, the number of cells in the neural retina decreased, while those in the RPE increased. While the number of cells in peripheral and central retina remained similar at each time point, the number of BMDC recruited to the central RPE increased in a time-dependent manner up to a maximum by 60 min post administration. Immunohistochemistry of cross-sections of the RPE layer confirmed the incorporation of donor GFP+ BMDC into the RPE layer and that these GFP+ human RPE65 expressing cells co-localized with murine RPE65. No GFP+ cells were observed in the neural retina or RPE layer of normal uninjured control eyes. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that systemically administered GFP+ RPE65-BMDC can reach the retina within minutes and that the majority of these BMDC are recruited to the injured RPE layer by 60 min post injection.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea , Degeneração Macular , Animais , Feminino , Lentivirus/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Retina , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina
19.
Viruses ; 13(7)2021 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372593

RESUMO

For achieving retrograde gene transfer, we have so far developed two types of lentiviral vectors pseudotyped with fusion envelope glycoprotein, termed HiRet vector and NeuRet vector, consisting of distinct combinations of rabies virus and vesicular stomatitis virus glycoproteins. In the present study, we compared the patterns of retrograde transgene expression for the HiRet vs. NeuRet vectors by testing the cortical input system. These vectors were injected into the motor cortex in rats, marmosets, and macaques, and the distributions of retrograde labels were investigated in the cortex and thalamus. Our histological analysis revealed that the NeuRet vector generally exhibits a higher efficiency of retrograde gene transfer than the HiRet vector, though its capacity of retrograde transgene expression in the macaque brain is unexpectedly low, especially in terms of the intracortical connections, as compared to the rat and marmoset brains. It was also demonstrated that the NeuRet but not the HiRet vector displays sufficiently high neuron specificity and causes no marked inflammatory/immune responses at the vector injection sites in the primate (marmoset and macaque) brains. The present results indicate that the retrograde transgene efficiency of the NeuRet vector varies depending not only on the species but also on the input projections.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Lentivirus/genética , Neurônios/virologia , Transgenes/genética , Animais , Encéfalo/citologia , Encéfalo/virologia , Callithrix , Feminino , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Macaca mulatta , Masculino , Ratos , Especificidade da Espécie , Transdução Genética , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/genética
20.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(16): e019862, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387094

RESUMO

Background Thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) occur because of abnormal remodeling of aortic extracellular matrix and are accompanied by the emergence of proteolytically active myofibroblasts. The microRNA miR-133a regulates cellular phenotypes and is reduced in clinical TAA specimens. This study tested the hypothesis that miR-133a modulates aortic fibroblast phenotype, and overexpression by lentivirus attenuates the development of TAA in a murine model. Methods and Results TAA was induced in mice. Copy number of miR-133a was reduced in TAA tissue and linear regression analysis confirmed an inverse correlation between aortic diameter and miR-133a. Analyses of phenotypic markers revealed an mRNA expression profile consistent with myofibroblasts in TAA tissue. Fibroblasts were isolated from the thoracic aortae of mice with/without TAA. When compared with controls, miR-133a was reduced, migration was increased, adhesion was reduced, and the ability to contract a collagen disk was increased. Overexpression/knockdown of miR-133a controlled these phenotypes. After TAA induction in mice, a single tail-vein injection of either miR-133a overexpression or scrambled sequence (control) lentivirus was performed. Overexpression of miR-133a attenuated TAA development. The pro-protein convertase furin was confirmed to be a target of miR-133a by luciferase reporter assay. Furin was elevated in this murine model of TAA and repressed by miR-133a replacement in vivo resulting in reduced proteolytic activation. Conclusions miR-133a regulates aortic fibroblast phenotype and over-expression prevented the development of TAA in a murine model. These findings suggest that stable alterations in aortic fibroblasts are associated with development of TAA and regulation by miR-133a may lead to a novel therapeutic strategy.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/metabolismo , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/prevenção & controle , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Terapia Genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Remodelação Vascular , Animais , Aorta Torácica/patologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/induzido quimicamente , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/genética , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/metabolismo , Cloreto de Cálcio , Adesão Celular , Movimento Celular , Células Cultivadas , Dilatação Patológica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibroblastos/patologia , Furina/genética , Furina/metabolismo , Vetores Genéticos , Lentivirus/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fenótipo
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