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1.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 228, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medial patellar ligament reconstruction (MPFL-R) in combination with derotational distal femoral osteotomy (DDFO) for treating recurrent patellar dislocation (RPD) in the presence of increased femoral anteversion is one of the most commonly used surgical techniques in the current clinical practice. However, there are limited studies on the clinical outcomes of MPFL-R in combination with DDFO to treat RPD in the presence of increased femoral anteversion. PURPOSE: To study the role of MPFL-R in combination with DDFO in the treatment of RPD in the presence of increased femoral anteversion. METHODS: A systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines by searching the Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases through June 1, 2023. Studies of patients who received MPFL-R in combination with DDFO after presenting with RPD and increased femoral anteversion were included. Methodological quality was assessed using the MINORS (Methodological Index for Nonrandomized Studies) score. Each study's basic characteristics, including characteristic information, radiological parameters, surgical techniques, patient-reported outcomes, and complications, were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 6 studies with 231 patients (236 knees) were included. Sample sizes ranged from 12 to 162 patients, and the majority of the patients were female (range, 67-100%). The mean age and follow-up ranges were 18 to 24 years and 16 to 49 months, respectively. The mean femoral anteversion decreased significantly from 34° preoperatively to 12° postoperatively. In studies reporting preoperative and postoperative outcomes, significant improvements were found in the Lysholm score, Kujala score, International Knee Documentation Committee score, and visual analog scale for pain. Postoperative complications were reported in all studies, with an overall reported complication rate of 4.7%, but no redislocations occurred during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: For RPD with increased femoral anteversion, MPFL-R in combination with DDFO leads to a good clinical outcome and a low redislocation rate. However, there was no consensus among researchers on the indications for MPFL-R combined with DDFO in the treatment of RPD.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Instabilidade Articular , Luxação Patelar , Ligamento Patelar , Articulação Patelofemoral , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Luxação Patelar/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxação Patelar/cirurgia , Articulação Patelofemoral/cirurgia , Ligamento Patelar/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamento Patelar/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteotomia/métodos , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia
2.
J Biomech Eng ; 146(7)2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456821

RESUMO

The thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint is one of the most likely joints to develop osteoarthritis (OA). If conservative treatments fail to alleviate symptoms, surgery may be pursued. Kinematic outcomes of CMC surgery techniques have been described, but current tools have limitations in capturing motion abilities. The goals of this study were (1) develop a new and robust set of kinematic outcome measures, and apply them to (2) a cohort of younger and older control individuals without CMC OA to determine age and sex-related changes, and (3) a cohort of participants with CMC OA before, 3 months, and 6 months after undergoing thumb ligament reconstruction with tendon interposition surgery to detect the impacts of surgery. 52 (26 males, 26 females) control and 18 (3 males, 15 females) surgical participants were tested. Kinematics were investigated using motion capture by mapping the three-dimensional motion space of the whole thumb, and two-dimensional motion boundaries of the metacarpal (MC) and proximal phalange (PP). Visual analog pain score was recorded. Older control participants had shifted regions of motion compared to younger participants (p ≤ 0.027), suggesting asymptomatic CMC wear. Control females had 31% more metacarpophalangeal (MCP) motion than control males (p = 0.013), which could alter loading paths through the CMC joint and increase OA risk. Pain at 6 months postsurgery was 72% less than presurgery (p < 0.001), but motion abilities were 20-28% less than presurgery (p ≤ 0.074) and 24-40% less than control participants (p ≤ 0.066). These techniques have the possibility of identifying presymptomatic motion changes, including those at the metacarpophalangeal joint in CMC OA progression.


Assuntos
Articulações Carpometacarpais , Osteoartrite , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Polegar/cirurgia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Articulação Metacarpofalângica/cirurgia , Articulações Carpometacarpais/cirurgia , Ligamentos Articulares , Dor
3.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299012, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512958

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: In order to improve the knowledge POP physiopathology and POP repair, a generic biomechanical model of the female pelvic system has been developed. In the literature, no study has currently evaluated apical prolapse repair by posterior sacrospinous ligament fixation using a generic model nor a patient-specific model that personalize the management of POP and predict surgical outcomes based on the patient's pre-operative Magnetic Resonance Imaging. The aim of our study was to analyze the influence of a right and/or left sacrospinous ligament fixation and the distance between the anchorage area and the ischial spine on the pelvic organ mobility using a generic and a patient-specific Finite Element model (FEM) of the female pelvic system during posterior sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSF). METHODS: Firstly, we used a generic 3D FEM of the female pelvic system previously made by our team that allowed us to simulate the mobility of the pelvic system. To create a patient-specific 3D FEM of the female pelvic system, we used a preoperative dynamic pelvic MRI of a 68 years old woman with a symptomatic stage III apical prolapse and cystocele. With these 2 models, a SSF was simulated. A right and/or left SSF and different distances between the anchorage area and the ischial spine (1 cm, 2 cm and 3 cm.) were compared. Outcomes measures were the pelvic organ displacement using the pubococcygeal line during maximal strain: Ba point for the most posterior and inferior aspect of the bladder base, C point the cervix's or the vaginal apex and Bp point for the anterior aspect of the anorectal junction. RESULTS: Overall, pelvic organ mobility decreased regardless of surgical technique and model. According to the generic model, C point was displaced by 14.1 mm and 11.5 mm, Ba point by 12.7 mm, and 12 mm and Bp point by 10.6 mm and 9.9 mm after left and bilateral posterior SSF, respectively. C point was displaced by 15.4 mm and 11.6 mm and Ba point by 12.5 mm and 13.1mm when the suture on the sacrospinous ligament was performed at 1 cm and 3 cm from the ischial spine respectively (bilateral posterior SSF configuration). According to the patient-specific model, the displacement of Ba point could not be analyzed because of a significative and asymmetric organ displacement of the bladder. C point was displaced by 4.74 mm and 2.12 mm, and Bp point by 5.30 mm and 3.24 mm after left and bilateral posterior SSF respectively. C point was displaced by 4.80 mm and 4.85 mm and Bp point by 5.35 mm and 5.38 mm when the suture on the left sacrospinous ligament was performed at 1 cm and 3 cm from the ischial spine, respectively. CONCLUSION: According to the generic model from our study, the apex appeared to be less mobile in bilateral SSF. The anchorage area on the sacrospinous ligament seems to have little effect on the pelvic organ mobilities. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04551859.


Assuntos
Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Ligamentos/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos/cirurgia , Ligamentos Articulares , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/diagnóstico por imagem , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Bexiga Urinária , Vagina/cirurgia
4.
Int J Med Robot ; 20(1): e2607, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38536717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to validate a software-based planning method for the Schoettle Point and to evaluate precision and time efficiency of its live overlay on the intraoperative X-ray. METHODS: A software-based method was compared with surgeons' manual planning in an inter- and intrarater study. Subsequently, K-wire placement was performed with and without an overlay of the planning. The time used and the precision achieved were statistically compared. RESULTS: The average deviation between the surgeons (1.68 mm; 2.26 mm) was greater than the discrepancy between the surgeons and the software-based planning (1.30 mm; 1.38 mm). In the intrarater comparison, software-based planning provided consistent results. Live overlay showed a significantly lower positioning error (0.9 ± 0.5 mm) compared with that without overlay (3.0 ± 1.4 mm, p = 0.000; 3.1 ± 1.4 mm, p = 0.001). Live overlay did not achieve a significant time gain (p = 0.393; p = 0.678). CONCLUSION: The software-based planning and live overlay of the Schoettle Point improves surgical precision without negatively affecting time efficiency.


Assuntos
Instabilidade Articular , Luxação Patelar , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Humanos , Luxação Patelar/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxação Patelar/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamentos Articulares , Radiografia , Instabilidade Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia
5.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 29(1): 43-48, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299240

RESUMO

Background: Dynamic forces acting on the transverse carpal ligament (TCL) may influence the mechanics of the carpal tunnel (CT), thus affecting the occurrence of CT syndrome (CTS). Previous studies demonstrated an association between muscle overlying the CT and the diagnosis of CTS. Understanding the location of insertion/origin of the thenar musculature will allow mechanical analysis of the forces applied to the TCL during performance of individual tasks. Our purpose was to determine the location of muscle overlying the CT on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in CTS and controls. Methods: Case-control study of 21 normal adult wrist MRI scans. MRI measurements were performed on an axial cut at the level of the hook-of-hamate. Median nerve cross-sectional area (CSA), median nerve shape and increased signal intensity within the CT were associated with CTS. The amount and length of muscle crossing the midline and the CT on the same cut was measured and the association with the occurrence of CTS was analysed. Results: We found an inverse relationship between the amount of muscle crossing the midline and the size of the CT, and a direct relationship with occurrence of CTS p less than 0.01, but no differences regarding length of muscle crossing the midline. Conclusions: This study supports an association between the thenar musculature location relative to the CT and the predictors of CTS on MRI. Since the location of muscle origin/insertion is variable, their effect may differ accordingly, therefore, further study is needed to describe the exact location of origin/insertion and its differential dynamic or static effect on the pathogenesis of CTS. Level of Evidence: Level IV (Diagnostic).


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal , Adulto , Humanos , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Nervo Mediano/patologia , Punho , Ligamentos Articulares
6.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 38(2): 234-239, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385238

RESUMO

Objective: To improve the clinical utility of the plantaris tendon mainly by summarizing its anatomical characteristics, biomechanical properties, harvesting methods, and its applications in ligament reconstruction. Methods: The relevant literature from domestic and international databases regarding the anatomical and biomechanical characteristics of the plantaris tendon and its applications in ligament reconstruction was comprehensively reviewed and systematically summarized. Results: The plantaris tendons have an absence. The majority of plantaris tendon forms a fan-shape on the anterior and medial sides of the Achilles tendon and terminates at the calcaneal tuberosity. There are significant differences in biomechanical parameters between plantaris tendon with different numbers of strands, and multi strand plantaris tendon have significant advantages over single strand tendon. The plantaris tendon can be harvested through proximal and distal approaches, and it is necessary to ensure that there are no obvious anatomical variations or adhesions in the surrounding area before harvesting. The plantaris tendon is commonly utilized in ligament reconstruction around the ankle joint or suture reinforcement for Achilles tendon rupture, with satisfactory effectiveness. There is limited research on the use of plantar tendon in the reconstruction of upper limb and knee joint ligaments. Conclusion: The plantaris tendon is relatively superficial, easy to be harvested, and has less impact on local function. The plantaris tendon is commonly utilized in ligaments reconstruction around the ankle joint or suture reinforcement for Achilles tendon rupture. The study on the plantaris tendon for upper limbs and knee joints ligament reconstruction is rarely and require further research.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo , Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Traumatismos dos Tendões , Humanos , Músculo Esquelético , Tendão do Calcâneo/cirurgia , , Extremidade Inferior , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Traumatismos dos Tendões/cirurgia
7.
Hand Surg Rehabil ; 43(1): 101610, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393765

RESUMO

The gold-standard for bone, ligament and joint surgery in the wrist is locoregional anesthesia in most countries. Wide-Awake Local Anesthesia No Tourniquet (WALANT) is commonly used for simple soft-tissue hand surgery procedures such as carpal tunnel or trigger finger release, and can now also be safely used in procedures such as proximal row carpectomy, scapholunate ligament repair or partial wrist fusion, to name but a few. This article describes the use of WALANT for complex surgery in the wrist. WALANT surgery offers many known benefits, such as enhanced patient safety and comfort, simplified perioperative process and avoidance of anesthesia-related risks, and also allows the surgeon to perform intraoperative testing of the repaired structures. Thus, the surgeon can tailor the rehabilitation program and shorten recovery time. We describe detailed guidelines for performing WALANT procedures safely and effectively, making it a favorable option for complex surgeries in the wrist.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal , Humanos , Anestesia Local/métodos , Punho , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Articulação do Punho/cirurgia , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia
8.
Int J Med Educ ; 15: 8-14, 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308861

RESUMO

Objectives: This scoping review aimed to give an overview of the existing literature about ultrasound-guided labeling techniques of human cadaver ligaments and tried to work out the possibilities of integrating ultrasound into dissection courses. Methods: A literature review was carried out on the 3rd of January 2023, with relevant studies discovered in the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, BIOSIS Previews and Web of Science Core Collection. Grey literature was also considered. The reference lists of all relevant papers were scanned. Only ultrasound studies on human cadaver ligaments were included. The included studies' general characteristics and ultrasound-guided approaches to label the ligaments were taken from them and examined. Results: The search found 8899 matches, but only 96 of them met the criteria. The transverse carpal ligament (15.62%) and the annular pulleys (19.79%) were the ligaments that had received the greatest research attention. Twenty-three studies are included in the methodological analysis. Both the marking substrate and the injected volume were diverse. Although 65% of the included studies achieved 100% accuracy using the ultrasound directed labeling approaches. Conclusions: Ultrasound-guided labeling techniques achieve a high accuracy. Therefore, this methodology could be a potential teaching tool for students during the dissection course. But caution is advised in drawing general conclusions because of the small sample sizes and different methodologies in the studies. Future larger-scale research is necessary.


Assuntos
Ligamentos Articulares , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Humanos , Ultrassonografia , Ligamentos Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Cadáver
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4639, 2024 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38409316

RESUMO

Knowledge regarding the ligament footprints in the canine stifle is essential for biomechanical modeling of the joint and patient-specific surgical planning for anatomical ligament reconstruction. The present study aimed to establish and evaluate deformable shape templates (DSTs) of the femur and tibia with footprints of the cruciate and collateral ligaments embedded for the noninvasive estimation of ligament footprint positions. To this end, a data set of computed tomography (CT)-derived surface models of the femur and tibia were established and used to build statistical shape models (SSMs). The contours of the stifle ligaments were obtained from CT scans of 27 hindlimb specimens with radio-opaque markings on the ligament footprints. The DST, constructed by embedding averaged footprint contours into the SSM, was used to estimate subject-specific ligament footprints in a leave-one-out cross-validation framework. The DST predictions were compared with those derived from radio-opaque-marked footprints. The results showed that the averaged Euclidean distances between the estimated and reference footprint centroids were less than 1.2 mm for the cruciate ligaments and 2.0 mm for the collateral ligaments. The DST appeared to provide a feasible alternative approach for noninvasively estimating the footprints of the stifle ligaments in vivo.


Assuntos
Articulação do Joelho , Joelho de Quadrúpedes , Animais , Cães , Humanos , Joelho de Quadrúpedes/diagnóstico por imagem , Joelho de Quadrúpedes/cirurgia , Ligamentos Articulares , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
11.
PeerJ ; 12: e16884, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38406270

RESUMO

The lack of any pterosaur living descendants creates gaps in the knowledge of the biology of this group, including its cervical biomechanics, which makes it difficult to understand their posture and life habits. To mitigate part of this issue, we reconstructed the cervical osteology and arthrology of three pterosaurs, allowing us to make inferences about the position of the neck of these animals at rest. We used scans of three-dimensionally preserved cervical series of Anhanguera piscator, Azhdarcho lancicollis and Rhamphorhynchus muensteri for the reconstructions, thus representing different lineages. For the recognition of ligaments, joint cartilages, and levels of overlapping of the zygapophyses, we applied the Extant Phylogenetic Bracket method, based on various extant birds and on Caiman latirostris. We inferred that pterosaur intervertebral joints were probably covered by a thin layer of synovial cartilage whose thickness varied along the neck, being thicker in the posterior region. Ignoring this cartilage can affect reconstructions. According to the vertebral angulation, their neck was slightly sinuous when in rest position. Our analyses also indicate that pterosaurs had segmented and supra-segmented articular cervical ligaments, which could confer stabilization, execute passive forces on the neck and store elastic energy.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Coluna Vertebral , Animais , Filogenia , Aves , Ligamentos Articulares
12.
Int Orthop ; 48(4): 913-922, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342822

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The present study aimed to assess the clinical efficacy and imaging results of reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament through a double bundle of single patellar tract and quadriceps tendons combined with medial displacement of lateral hemi-tibial tuberosity for treating low-grade recurrent patella dislocation. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with recurrent patellar dislocation, including ten males and 13 females, with 23 knee joints were enrolled according to the relevant criteria. Reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament was performed through a double bundle of a single patellar tract and quadriceps tendons combined with medial displacement of lateral hemi-tibial tuberosity. Knee function was evaluated using visual analog scale (VAS) score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lysholm score, Tegner score, and Kujala score at pre- and postoperative stages. Patellar stability was assessed by CT scans measuring tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance, lateral patella displacement (LPD), congruence angle (CA), and patellar tilt angle (PTA). RESULTS: All 23 patients were effectively followed up for 13-28 months (mean: 21.91 ± 4.14 months). At the last follow-up, the postoperative VAS score, IKDC score, Lysholm score, Tegner score, and Kujala score of 23 patients were 1.13 ± 0.82, 87.35 ± 3.17, 90.22 ± 1.28, 4.35 ± 0.65, and 89.26 ± 1.96, respectively, as compared to the preoperative values of 5.91 ± 1.13, 30.96 ± 5.09, 30.30 ± 2.98, 1.26 ± 0.62, and 27.87 ± 3.46, respectively, and these differences were statistically significant (P < 0.001). At the last follow-up, the postoperative TT-TG, LPD, CA, and PTA values of the 23 patients were 8.80 ± 1.85 mm, 6.01 ± 1.77 mm, 11.32 ± 6.18°, and 9.35 ± 2.88°, respectively, compared to the preoperative values of 18.77 ± 1.74 mm, 14.90 ± 4.07 mm, 37.82 ± 5.71°, and 23.58 ± 3.24°, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.001). No relevant complications were observed in the 23 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament through a double bundle of a single patellar tract and quadriceps tendons combined with medial displacement of lateral hemi-tibial tuberosity for treating low-grade recurrent patella dislocation showed satisfactory medium-term efficacy, and further investigations are required to confirm the long-term efficacy of this approach.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Instabilidade Articular , Luxação Patelar , Articulação Patelofemoral , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Patela/cirurgia , Luxação Patelar/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxação Patelar/cirurgia , Articulação Patelofemoral/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamentos Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia , Tendões , Instabilidade Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia
13.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 46(4): 399-405, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358515

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the morphology and the morphometry of the oblique popliteal ligament (OPL). METHODS: Thirty cadaver knees were dissected to study the morphology and morphometry of the OPL. For the measurement of the morphology of the OPL a standard tape and the vernier callipers were used. RESULT: Out of 30 specimens 14 were Y shaped, 10 were band shaped, and 6 were Z shaped observed. Total length was measured on both the limbs, on the right side it was 4.5 ± 0.4 cm and on the left side 4.5 ± 0.5 cm was recorded. Width at the medial attachment was also measured on both the limbs, on the right side it was 4.6 ± 0.5 cm and on the left side 4.7 ± 0.5 cm was recorded. And width at the lateral attachment was recorded too, on the right side it was 4 ± 0.3 cm and on the left side it was 4 ± 0.3 cm. Width at the midpoint was recorded as on the right side 3.5 ± 0.2 cm and on the left side 3.5 ± 0.2 cm. CONCLUSION: The OPL is a thick ligament that arises as an extension of the semimembranosus, and it exists in various morphology which includes band, Y, Z, complex shapes.


Assuntos
Articulação do Joelho , Ligamentos Articulares , Humanos , Cadáver , Córtex Cerebral , Articulação do Joelho/anatomia & histologia , Ligamentos Articulares/anatomia & histologia , População do Sul da Ásia
14.
Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol ; 34(3): 1635-1645, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368580

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We present the functional and clinical results of a combined surgical technique that functionally restores chronic Acromioclavicular Joint Instability (AJI). The method combines a double-looped suture fixation augmented with a semitendinosus autograft. METHODS: Between 2017 and 2021, 15 patients were treated using the surgical technique. All patients suffered an Acromioclavicular Joint Separation that remained untreated for at least 6 (6-16) weeks after the initial injury. Four Ethibond sutures were passed below the coracoid process and through a 4.5 drill hole in the clavicle. The sutures provided adequate horizontal and vertical reduction and stabilization of the clavicle. A semitendinosus autograft was passed below the coracoid process and looped around the clavicle. The remaining graft limbs were used to reconstruct the acromioclavicular capsule. Patients were radiologically evaluated with bilateral anteroposterior (AP), Zanca, and Alexander views. The clinical evaluation was based on the Acromioclavicular Joint Instability Score and the Constant-Murley Score. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 31.2 months (17-61). The mean last ACJIS and CMS scores were 96 (90-100) and 97.67 (87-100), respectively. Reduction of the clavicle was radiologically confirmed in all cases throughout the follow-up period. AC arthritis was reported in 1 case without associated clinical symptoms. No significant complications were reported, and all patients returned to the pre-injury activity level. CONCLUSION: The presented functional reconstruction of the AC joint disruption in chronic cases is an effective and secure method with low complication rates and good clinical results. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .


Assuntos
Articulação Acromioclavicular , Músculos Isquiossurais , Luxações Articulares , Instabilidade Articular , Humanos , Articulação Acromioclavicular/cirurgia , Articulação Acromioclavicular/lesões , Autoenxertos , Instabilidade Articular/etiologia , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura/efeitos adversos , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia
15.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 144(4): 1675-1684, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38400901

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The success of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is closely linked to the precise positioning of the femoral tunnel. Intraoperative fluoroscopy is commonly utilized to identify the MPFL footprint. This study aimed to ascertain the most accurate fluoroscopic method among the five previously described methods used to determine the MPFL femoral footprint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using 44 well-preserved dry femur bones, the MPFL femoral insertion site was demarcated using anatomical bony landmarks, namely the center of the saddle sulcus between the medial epicondyle, adductor tubercle and gastrocnemius tubercle. Fluoroscopic true lateral knee images were acquired and measurements taken, referencing established methods by Schottle et al., Redfern et al., Wijdicks et al., Barnett et al., and Kaipel et al. The distance between anatomic and fluoroscopic MPFL footprints was then measured on digital fluoroscopic images. The accuracy of the locations was compared using a margin of error of 5 and 7 mm. RESULTS: The Schottle method consistently emerged superior, showcasing the smallest mean distance (3.2 ± 1.2 mm) between the anatomic and radiographic MPFL footprints and a high in-point detection rate of 90.9% under 5 mm criteria. While the Redfern method displayed perfect accuracy (100%) within the 7 mm criteria, the Schottle method also performed 97.7% accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: For intraoperative identification of the MPFL footprint using fluoroscopy, the Schottle method is the most consistent and accurate among the assessed methods. Thus, its accuracy in detecting the MPFL footprint makes it recommended for MPFLR to ensure optimal outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, cadaveric study.


Assuntos
Articulação Patelofemoral , Humanos , Articulação Patelofemoral/cirurgia , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia
16.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 32(3): 542-549, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372173

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to validate a scale that could help surgeons evaluate patients' psychological readiness to return to sport (RTS) after peroneal tendon pathology surgery. METHODS: The Ankle Ligament Reconstruction-Return to Sport after Injury (ALR-RSI) scale, which had previously been validated in ankle ligament reconstruction patients, was adapted to evaluate the psychological preparedness for RTS in athletic patients who underwent peroneal tendinopathy surgery. The Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) and Foot Ankle Ability Measurement (FAAM) scores were employed as patient-related outcome measurement (PROM) instruments. RESULTS: This study included 57 patients. There was a strong correlation between ALR-RSI and both FAOS and FAAM (r = -0.68 and 0.74, respectively). ALR-RSI was considerably higher in patients who returned to sports than in those who did not. The mean score was 72.9 ± 19.0 in patients who returned to the same preinjury level, 48.5 ± 24.0 in those who returned to a lower level and 53.6 ± 31.1 in patients who changed their athletic activity (p < 0.0001). Furthermore, ALR-RSI showed at least a similar discrimination ability when compared to FAOS and FAAM. The test-retest intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.95. The Cronbach's α statistic used to measure the internal consistency was high (0.95). A Youden index of 0.65 was observed for a cut-off score of 68 points. CONCLUSION: ALR-RSI is a valid instrument for assessing psychological readiness to RTS in an athletic population following peroneal tendon surgery. When compared to the most commonly used PROMs, it was strongly correlated and demonstrated at least similar discrimination capacity. This could assist surgeons in identifying athletes who will have poor postoperative results and advising them on their capability to RTS. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Esportes , Humanos , Volta ao Esporte/psicologia , Tornozelo/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/psicologia , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia
17.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(1): 66-72, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304221

RESUMO

Background: Bicruciate-stabilized (BCS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) aims to restore normal kinematics by replicating the function of both cruciate ligaments. Conventional cruciate-retaining (CR) design in TKA has shown previous clinical success with lower complication rates. This study compared the patient-reported outcomes between the BCS and CR TKA designs. Methods: This retrospective study examined patients who underwent primary TKA using a CR or a BCS implant. Patient demographics, Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score for Joint Replacement (KOOS, JR), and Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) were compared between two cohorts. Patient-reported outcome measures were analyzed using independent samples t-tests. Results: There were no significant preoperative demographic differences between groups. The CR cohort (n = 756) had significantly higher average KOOS, JR Scores compared to the BCS cohort (n = 652) at 3 months (59.7 ± 3.8 vs. 53.0 ± 3.9, p < 0.001) and 2 years (62.6 ± 8.0 vs. 53.8 ± 6.7, p = 0.001) after TKA. Within the cohort, KOOS, JR delta differences were not significant for CR when comparing patient scores 3 months to 1 year after surgery. Meanwhile, the BCS patients did show significant delta improvement (4.1 ± 1.9, p = 0.030) when compared 3 months to 1 year after surgery. One year postoperatively, the BCS cohort (n = 134) showed a significantly higher average FJS score (49.5 ± 31.4, vs. 36.8 ± 28.5, p = 0.028) than the CR cohort (n = 203). Both cohorts displayed a significant difference in delta improvements within their respective cohort when measuring FJS from 3 months to 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years after surgery. Conclusions: The CR cohort performed better on average, compared to the BCS cohort in measures of KOOS, JR scores at the 2-year follow-up. The BCS cohort performed marginally better regarding FJS only at 1-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Eur J Radiol ; 173: 111351, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340570

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the MRI-study was to evaluate the visibility of the pelvic floor ligaments and to analyze the ligament morphometry in 3D space. METHODS: Twenty-two nulliparous women underwent MRI with a ligament specific protocol. MR datasets were evaluated using the 3D Pelvic Inclination Correction System (3D-PICS). The round ligament (RL), sacrospinous ligament (SSL), sacrotuberous ligament (STL), urogenital diaphragm (UGD) and uterosacral ligament (USL) were analyzed. Qualitative and quantitative analysis was performed. 3D coordinates for origin and insertion points were determined relative to the symphysis; subsequently lengths and angles were calculated. Interrater reliability was calculated to validate the point determination method. RESULTS: Moderate to good visibility was reported for the RL, the SSL, the STL and the UGD. Standard deviation of the points analyzed in the different dimensions vary from 1.5 mm to 21.3 mm. Origin and insertion points of the ligaments are found within a mean standard distance of 10.7 mm. The highest variability was seen in insertion points of RL, with a standard distance of 25.4 mm. The interrater reliability was good to very good (range of intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) from 0.58 to 0.96), except for the UGD ventral points (ICC from 0.27 to 0.55). CONCLUSIONS: This in-vivo MRI technique development study offers first exact data describing the pelvic floor ligaments in nulliparous women in 3D-PICS. Visibility, exact 3D coordinates of the origin and insertion points, lengths, angles and interrater reliability assessed for all parameters were evaluated morphometrically.


Assuntos
Ligamentos , Diafragma da Pelve , Humanos , Feminino , Diafragma da Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ligamentos/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Articulares , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Projetos de Pesquisa
19.
J Hand Surg Am ; 49(4): 301-309, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363261

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous investigations assessing the incidence of amyloidosis detected with biopsy during carpal tunnel release (CTR) have focused on open CTR (OCTR). Prior authors have suggested that biopsy may be more technically challenging during endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR). Our purpose was to compare differences in the incidence of amyloid deposition detected during ECTR versus OCTR. METHODS: We reviewed all primary ECTR and OCTR during which a biopsy for amyloid was obtained between February 2022 and June 2023. All procedures were performed by five upper-extremity surgeons from a single institution. Congo red staining was used to determine the presence of amyloid deposition in either the transverse carpal ligament (TCL) or tenosynovium. All positive cases underwent subtype analysis and protein identification through liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Baseline demographics were recorded for each case, and the incidence of positive biopsy was compared between ECTR and OCTR cases. RESULTS: A total of 282 cases were included for analysis (143 ECTR and 139 OCTR). The mean age was 67 years, and 45% of cases were women. Baseline demographics were similar except for a significantly higher incidence of diabetes in OCTR cases (13% vs 33%). Overall, 13% of CTR cases had a positive biopsy. There was a statistically significant difference in the incidence of amyloid deposition detected during biopsy in ECTR cases (3.5%) compared with OCTR cases (23%). CONCLUSIONS: Biopsy performed during ECTR may result in a lower incidence of amyloid detection. Future basic science investigation may be necessary to determine histologic differences between tenosynovium proximal and distal to the leading edge of the TCL. When surgeons plan a biopsy during surgical release of the carpal tunnel, an open approach may be advantageous. TYPE OF STUDY/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic II.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal , Endoscopia , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia
20.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 46(4): 425-431, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376525

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The calcaneocuboid joint is located in the lateral part of the foot and acts as a major stabilizer for the foot. Injuries to this joint often occur in association with ankle or foot injuries and are frequently overlooked, subsequently causing chronic pain or osteoarthritis. However, the relationship between ligaments surrounding the joint and joint instability remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to clarify the morphology and position of the ligaments surrounding the calcaneocuboid joint, and to reveal the relationship between the ligament structure. METHODS: The position and morphology of the bifurcate ligament (subdivided into calcaneonavicular and calcaneocuboid ligaments), dorsal calcaneocuboid ligament, lateral calcaneocuboid ligament, long plantar ligament, and short plantar ligament were measured (N = 11 feet in 6 Japanese cadavers). The circumference of the joint was quartered, while the ligament-uncovered area and the estimated cross-sectional area of each ligament were compared between the four sides. Furthermore, the estimated cross-sectional area of each ligament was calculated as an index for the ligament strength. RESULTS: The inferolateral side of the calcaneocuboid joint had the most uncovered area (54.63%) by the ligaments. In addition, the cross-sectional area of the ligaments on the lateral side was considerably smaller than that on the medial side. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that ligament weakness on the inferolateral side may cause instability of the calcaneocuboid joint, especially after an inversion sprain injury, and may decrease the lateral longitudinal arch function, which results in chronic foot pain.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Pé , , Humanos , Pé/anatomia & histologia , Ligamentos , Ligamentos Articulares/anatomia & histologia , Articulação do Tornozelo , Cadáver
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