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1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 929, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Involvement in cervical ligamentum flavum is a rare manifestation of the calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposition disease. Only few cases of this condition have been reported. We revealed eighteen cases of CPPD in cervical ligamentum flavum that diagnosed at a single medical center. In our case series, clinical characteristics and magnetic resonance imaging findings of patients are described. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts and imaging studies of the eighteen patients with pseudogout attack of the cervical ligamentum flavum. In addition, we discussed the differences between this disease and ossification of ligamentum flavum in image manifestations. RESULTS: There were fourteen men and four women aged between 59 and 87 years. Diabetes mellitus and hypertension were the most common comorbidities. Myelopathy and neck pain were presented in most patients. C4-5 and C5-6 were attacked most frequently, and multiple- rather than single-level involvement could be observed in our series. "Acute on chronic phenomenon" was a specific magnetic resonance image finding in patients whose symptom durations were between 2 to 5 months. Compared to ossification of ligamentum flavum, calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition had different image signs, including morphology, side of the involved ligament, no continuity with the lamina, acute on chronic phenomenon, and presence of retro-odontoid mass. CONCLUSIONS: Nodular calcifications in cervical ligamentum flavum raise highly suspicion for calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposition and must be diagnosed by histological examination and polarized light microscopy. This disease is different from ossification of ligamentum flavum, and it could be recognized by specific image features.


Assuntos
Condrocalcinose , Ligamento Amarelo , Doenças da Medula Espinal , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Condrocalcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Ligamentos , Ligamento Amarelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1348: 325-335, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807427

RESUMO

Though soft tissue disorders have been recognized and described to some detail in several types of domestic animals and small mammals for some years, they remain uncommon. Because of their low prevalence, not much progress has been made not only in improved diagnosis but also in our understanding of the biochemical basis and pathogenesis of these diseases in animals. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) described in dogs already in 1943 and later in cats has only minor impact on the well-being of the dog as its effects on skin of these animals are rather limited. The involved skin is thin and hyperextensible with easily inflicted injuries resulting in hemorrhagic wounds and atrophic scars. Joint laxity and dislocation common in people are less frequently found in dogs. No systemic complications, such as organ rupture or cardiovascular problems which have devastating consequences in people have been described in cats and dogs. The diagnosis is based on clinical presentation and on light or electron microscopic features of disorganized and fragmented collagen fibrils. Several case of bovine and ovine dermatosparaxis analogous to human Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VIIC were found to be caused by mutations in the procollagen I N-proteinase (pnPI) or ADAMTS2 gene, though mutations in other sites are likely responsible for other types of dermatosparaxis. Cattle suffering from a form of Marfan syndrome (MFS) were described to have aortic dilatation and aneurysm together with ocular abnormalities and skeletal involvement. As in people, mutations at different sites of bovine FBN1 may be responsible for Marfan phenotype. Hereditary equine regional dermal asthenia (HERDA), or hyperelastosis cutis, has been recognized in several horse breeds as affecting primarily skin, and, occasionally, tendons. A mutation in cyclophilin B, a chaperon involved in proper folding of collagens, has been identified in some cases. Warmblood fragile foal syndrome (WFFS) is another Ehlers-Danlos-like disorder in horses, affecting primarily Warmbloods who present with skin fragility and joint hyperextensibility. Degenerative suspensory ligament desmitis (DSLD) affects primarily tendons and ligaments of certain horse breeds. Data from our laboratory showed excessive accumulation of proteoglycans in organs with high content of connective tissues. We have identified increased presence of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) in active foci of DSLD and an abnormal form of decorin in proteoglycan deposits. Our most recent data obtained from next generation sequencing showed disturbances in expression of genes for numerous proteoglycans and collagens.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos , Síndrome de Marfan , Animais , Animais Domésticos , Gatos , Bovinos , Cães , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/genética , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/veterinária , Cavalos , Ligamentos , Proteoglicanas , Ovinos
3.
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol ; 25(4): 546-557, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706384

RESUMO

One of the key principles in the interpretation of radiology images is the ability to differentiate between normal and abnormal findings. This article provides a comprehensive overview of normal structures and anatomical variants occurring around the elbow including potential diagnostic pitfalls. We discuss frequently observed anatomical variants found in routine clinical practice associated with osseous, ligamentous, musculotendinous, and neurovascular structures at the elbow that may simulate pathology or predispose to symptoms under specific circumstances.


Assuntos
Articulação do Cotovelo , Cotovelo , Cotovelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Cotovelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Ligamentos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
4.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 904, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706679

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is still a lack of clinical data in arthroscopic treatment for treating multiple ligament injuries. This study aims to evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients with multiple ligament injuries undergoing treatment based on the classification stage and type of injury. METHODS: A prospective, clinical trial on multiple ligament injuries was planned, which included 95 patients (58 men and 37 women; age: 42.8 ± 11.9 [range, 18-63] years) from October 2017 to June 2018. Injuries were classified into three stages (emergency stage < 24 h; acute stage: 24 h to 3 weeks, and chronic stage: > 3 weeks) and six types (KD I-VI) based on injuries time and structures, which indicated appropriate treatments. The clinical outcomes were evaluated at 2, 4, 6, 8, and 12 weeks and at 6, 9, 12 months and 24 months after surgery. The final choices in efficacy index included International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lysholm score, visual analog scale (VAS) score, and range of motion. RESULTS: During the follow-up, all patients exhibited statistically significant functional improvement in the injured limb compared with their preoperative situation. The mean postoperative scores of acute stage patients at 2-year follow-up were IKDC subjective score, 77.54 ± 11.53; Lysholm score, 85.96 ± 9.39; Tegner score, 4.13 ± 1.08; and VAS score, 1.21 ± 0.76. The mean postoperative scores of chronic stage patents at 2-year follow-up were IKDC subjective score, 74.61 ± 12.38; Lysholm score, 81.71 ± 10.80; Tegner score, 3.96 ± 1.14; and VAS score, 1.71 ± 0.60. The IKDC subjective score, Lysholm score, and Tegner score were significantly improved (P < 0.01) and the VAS score was significantly decreased (P < 0.01) at 2-year follow-up. Regarding the multiple ligament injuries classification, patients with more structural damage in stages V and VI showed less progress in functional recovery than those in stages I-IV. CONCLUSIONS: This new classification with three stages and six types helps to identify the severity of injury and plan the management effectively. The outcomes were encouraging and the subjective functional results showed significant improvement at 2-year follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Luxação do Joelho , Traumatismos do Joelho , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Luxação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxação do Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamentos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 20(11): 3446-3453, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The orientation of facial ligaments changes with increasing age due to the loss of bony support. Soft tissue filler injections placed in close proximity to facial ligaments can alter their orientation to help achieve an improved and younger aesthetic appearance. OBJECTIVE: To assess the anatomic and aesthetic effects of a standardized injection with soft tissue filler placed directly inferior to the orbicularis retaining ligament in the infraorbital region. METHODS: A total of 163 patients with signs of infraorbital aging were treated with a standardized soft tissue filler injection into and in close proximity to the orbicularis retaining ligament (ORL). 2D frontal images of the infraorbital region were rated by eleven blinded and independent raters with regards to the aesthetic appearance of the infraorbital region before and after the standardized injection treatment. RESULTS: The aesthetic appearance of the entire infraorbital region (lid-cheek junction) was rated before and after the treatment. The severity of the tear trough (medial aspect of the infraorbital region) as well as the hollowing of the lateral aspect of the infraorbital region also was rated before and after the treatment. Aesthetic improvement was statistically significant when evaluated by the blinded raters, the treating physician, and the patients. All the results were "very much improved" compared to baseline. CONCLUSION: The effectiveness of this injection technique is thought to be due to the strategic placement of soft tissue filler that helps to reposition facial ligaments that have changed their orientation during the aging process.


Assuntos
Face , Ligamentos , Envelhecimento , Bochecha , Estética , Humanos
6.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 869, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interosseous ligament vertical segment (IOLV) and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) have been reported to be important in stabilizing the subtalar joint. Unlike CFL, there is not much information regarding the comparison of MRI results with surgical evaluation of IOLV and the comparison between 2D and 3D MRI on IOLV evaluation. The feasibility of MRI in IOLV evaluation has yet to be reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of MRI in IOLV tear detection via correlation with arthroscopic results. We also compared the diagnostic performance of 2D and 3D MR images. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 52 patients who underwent subtalar arthroscopy after ankle MRI were enrolled. Arthroscopic results confirmed IOLV tear in 25 cases and intact IOLV in 27 cases. Two radiologists independently evaluated the IOLV tears using only conventional 2D images, followed by isotropic 3D images, and comparison with arthroscopic results. RESULTS: Only the 2D sequences interpreted by two readers showed a sensitivity of 64.0-96.0%, a specificity of 29.6-44.4%, a positive predictive value of 51.6-56.4%, and a negative predictive value of 57.1-88.9%. Addition of isotropic 3D sequences changed the sensitivity to 60.0-80.0%, specificity to 63.0-77.8%, positive predictive value to 64.3-76.9%, and negative predictive value to 66.7-80.8%. The overall diagnostic performance of isotropic 3D sequences (AUC values: 0.679-0.816) was higher than that of 2D sequences (AUC values: 0.568-0.647). Inter-observer and intra-observer agreement between the two readers was moderate-to-good for both 2D and 3D sequences. The diagnostic accuracy in 19 patients with tarsal sinus fat obliteration tended to increase from 26.3-42.1% to 57.9-73.7% with isotropic 3D sequences compared with 2D sequences. CONCLUSIONS: Isotropic 3D MRI was feasible for the assessment of IOLV tear prior to subtalar arthroscopy. Additional 3D sequences showed higher diagnostic accuracy compared with conventional 2D sequences in IOLV evaluation. Isotropic 3D sequences may be more valuable in detecting IOLV tear in case of tarsal sinus fat obliteration.


Assuntos
Artroscopia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Ligamentos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(10): 1619-1626, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587809

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study is to provide a detailed description of cases combining bridging patch repair with artificial ligament "internal brace" reinforcement to treat irreparable massive rotator cuff tears, and report the preliminary results. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients with irreparable massive rotator cuff tears undergoing fascia lata autograft bridging repair with artificial ligament "internal brace" reinforcement technique between January 2017 and May 2018. Inclusion criteria were: patients treated arthroscopically for an incompletely reparable massive rotator cuff tear (dimension > 5 cm or two tendons fully torn), stage 0 to 4 supraspinatus fatty degeneration on MRI according to the Goutallier grading system, and an intact or reparable infraspinatus and/or subscapularis tendon of radiological classification Hamada 0 to 4. The surgical technique comprised two components: first, superior capsular reconstruction using an artificial ligament as an "internal brace" protective device for a fascia lata patch. The second was fascia lata autograft bridging repair for the torn supraspinatus. In all, 26 patients with a mean age 63.4 years (SD 6.2) were included. RESULTS: All patients underwent more than two years of follow-up (mean 33.5 months (24 to 45)). All clinical scores were also improved at two-year follow-up (mean visual analogue scale 0.7 (SD 0.5) vs 6.1 (SD 1.2); p < 0.001; mean American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score 93.5 (SD 5.3) vs 42.5 (SD 10.8); p < 0.001; mean University of California, Los Angeles score, 31.7 (SD 3.7) vs 12.0 (SD 3.1); p < 0.001; and mean Constant-Murley score 88.7 (SD 3.5) vs 43.3 (SD 10.9); p < 0.001), and 24 of 26 fascia lata grafts were fully healed on MRI (92%). One patient had haematoma formation at the harvesting side of the fascia lata at two days postoperatively. CONCLUSION: The fascia lata autograft bridging repair combined with artificial ligament internal brace reinforcement technique achieved good functional outcomes, with a high rate of graft healing at two-year follow-up. Although the short-term results are promising, further studies with a greater number of patients would provide clearer results. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(10):1619-1626.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/métodos , Braquetes , Fascia Lata/transplante , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Ligamentos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/patologia , Transplante Autólogo , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização
8.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257581, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547036

RESUMO

The destinations of Thoroughbred (TB) racehorses exiting the racing industry is a high-profile issue with ethical and welfare implications of interest to both animal welfare groups and racing regulators. This cross-sectional study investigated the reasons that TBs temporarily or permanently exited racing and training in Australia in the 2017-2018 racing season and the outcomes for these horses post-racing. An online questionnaire was sent to the last registered trainers of a representative sample of 2,509 'inactive' TBs. Inactive horses were defined as those horses that were recorded as 'active' but had not trialled or raced in the last 6 months of the racing season or had an inactive status recorded in the Racing Australia database. Of the 1,750 responses received, the largest group of inactive TBs had permanently exited the racing industry (45% retired, 5.3% deceased). A relatively large group exited racing temporarily (43%) but participated in the racing industry in the following season. The reasons for retirement were predominantly voluntary, such as poor performance or owner's request. Almost one third of retirements were due to injuries with tendon or ligament problems the most frequently conditions listed. The median age at retirement was five (Q1 4; Q3 7) years. Extrapolation of the survey results to the population of horses racing or training in Australia in 2017-2018 (n = 37,750) show that that 17% of the population retire each year and 2.1% die. These estimates provide benchmarks for industry and animal welfare organisations to resource and measure the effectiveness of interventions.


Assuntos
Bem-Estar do Animal , Cavalos/lesões , Esportes , Animais , Austrália , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Doenças dos Cavalos/etiologia , Ligamentos/lesões , Ligamentos/patologia , Masculino , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Estações do Ano , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traumatismos dos Tendões/etiologia , Traumatismos dos Tendões/veterinária
9.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 124: 104782, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536799

RESUMO

The response of fibrous soft tissues undergoing torsional deformations is a topic of current interest. Such deformations are common in ligaments and tendons and are also of particular interest in cardiac mechanics. The problem of torsion superimposed on extension of incompressible hyperelastic solid circular cylinders is a classic problem of nonlinear elasticity that has been considered by many authors in the context of rubber elasticity particularly for isotropic materials. A striking feature of such problems is the instability that arises with sufficiently large twist where a kink and then a knot suddenly appears. An energy approach to examining this instability when the extension and twist are prescribed was described by Gent and Hua (2004) and illustrated there for a neo-Hookean isotropic elastic material. The theoretical results were compared with experimental observations on natural rubber rods. Murphy (2015) has shown that the approach of Gent and Hua (2004) for isotropic materials can be simplified when the rods are assumed to be thin and this theory was applied to transversely isotropic materials by Horgan and Murphy (2016). In contrast with the case for isotropic materials, it was shown there that the kinking instability occurs even in the absence of stretch, i.e., for the case of pure torsion. Here we are concerned with the implications of this simplified thin rod instability theory for fiber-reinforced transversely isotropic materials that reflect fiber-matrix interaction. It is again shown that the kinking instability occurs even in the absence of stretch, i.e., for the case of pure torsion. The results are illustrated for a specific strain-energy density function that models fiber-matrix interaction. It is shown that the critical twist at which kinking occurs decreases as a measure of fiber-matrix interaction is increased so that the fiber-matrix interaction has a destabilizing effect. The results are illustrated using experimental data of other authors for skeletal muscles and for porcine brain white matter tissue.


Assuntos
Ligamentos , Tendões , Animais , Anisotropia , Elasticidade , Modelos Biológicos , Estresse Mecânico , Suínos
10.
Rozhl Chir ; 100(6): 302-306, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465120

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Visceral artery aneurysms are rare vascular pathologies. They are usually incidental findings during the examination for other reasons. The most common clinical symptoms are nonspecific abdominal pain and bleeding caused by their rupture, with a severe clinical presentation. Aneurysms of pancreaticoduodenal arcade are more common in patients with well-developed collateral circulation due to the coeliac trunk stenosis or occlusion. CASE REPORT: In this case report the authors present a rare case of a patient with incidental finding of pancreaticoduodenal arcade aneurysm in the setting of severe stenosis of coeliac trunk origin caused by medial arcuate ligament compression. The diameter of the aneurysm was 40 mm and endovascular treatment was not possible because of unfavorable anatomical setting. The patient was successfully treated with resection of the aneurysm and the division of medial arcuate ligament during one surgery. CONCLUSION: There is no correlation between the diameter and the risk of rupture of the pancreaticoduodenal arcade aneurysm. Because of high morbidity and mortality of their rupture, most authors recommend active treatment of these aneurysms. The necessity to treat truncus coeliacus stenosis or occlusion remains a controversial issue.


Assuntos
Aneurisma , Embolização Terapêutica , Artéria Celíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Celíaca/cirurgia , Humanos , Ligamentos , Pâncreas/cirurgia
11.
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol ; 25(2): 311-328, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374066

RESUMO

Carpal stability depends on the integrity of both intra-articular and intracapsular carpal ligaments. In this review, the role of the radial-sided and ulnar-sided extrinsic and intrinsic ligaments is described, as well as their advanced imaging using magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with three-dimensional (3D) scapholunate complex sequences and thin slices. In the last decade, the new concept of a so-called "scapholunate complex" has emerged among hand surgeons, just as the triangular ligament became known as the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC).The scapholunate ligament complex comprises the intrinsic scapholunate (SL), the extrinsic palmar radiocarpal: radioscaphocapitate (RSC), long radiolunate (LRL), short radiolunate (SRL) ligaments, the extrinsic dorsal radiocarpal (DRC) ligament, the dorsal intercarpal (DIC) ligament, as well as the dorsal capsular scapholunate septum (DCSS), a more recently described anatomical structure, and the intrinsic palmar midcarpal scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) ligament complex. The scapholunate (SL) ligament complex is one of the most involved in wrist injuries. Its stability depends on primary (SL ligament) and secondary (RSC, DRC, DIC, STT ligaments) stabilizers.The gold standard for carpal ligament assessment is still diagnostic arthroscopy for many hand surgeons. To avoid surgery as a diagnostic procedure, advanced MRI is needed to detect associated lesions (sprains, midsubstance tears, avulsions and chronic fibrous infiltrations) of the extrinsic, midcarpal and intrinsic wrist ligaments, which are demonstrated in this article using 3D and two-dimensional sequences with thin slices (0.4 and 2 mm thick, respectively).


Assuntos
Fibrocartilagem Triangular , Traumatismos do Punho , Humanos , Ligamentos , Ligamentos Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Punho , Traumatismos do Punho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Punho/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 141(12): 2295-2302, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34386837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Femoral intramedullary canal referencing is used by most knee arthroplasty systems for distal femoral cut; to avoid the opening of the femoral canal different solutions have been presented such as navigation, patient-specific instruments (PSI) or the use of an extramedullary device. The FuZion® system is a tensor device, created to merge the two main techniques for performing a total knee arthroplasty: the ligament balancing and measured resection techniques. Our idea was to use the tensor as an extramedullary cutting guide for the distal femoral cut, based on a 90° tibial resection. METHODS: A total of 110 patients were operated on with this technique. Patients were evaluated with weight-bearing long-standing X-rays, knee a-p and lateral views, validated PROMs (Oxford Knee Score, EQ-5D and EQ-VAS), the Knee Society Scoring System (KSS) and the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS). Minimum follow up was 3 years (range 38-50 months). RESULTS: Complete results were available for 104 patients (5 were lost in follow up and 1 died). Significant improvements were registered for all the evaluated scores from pre-op to the final follow up. Pre-op long-standing X-rays showed 21 valgus knees (20%) with a mean HKA of 187.6° (± 3.2°), 70 varus knees (62%) with a mean 172.2° (± 3.7°) HKA and 19 neutrally aligned knees, with a mean HKA of 179.5° (0 ± 2°). The radiographic evaluation at 3 months post-op showed 20 valgus knees (mean HKA 183.7° ± 1.5°), 67 varus knees (mean HKA 176.1° ± 1.8°) and 23 neutrally aligned knees with a mean HKA of 179.3° (0 ± 2°). At final follow up the survival rate was 100% for revision of the implant as the endpoint. With any reoperation as the endpoint Kaplan-Meier survival estimate showed a survival rate of 95.1% at 3 years. CONCLUSIONS: This technique for performing a ligament driven alignment in total knee arthroplasty showed encouraging clinical outcomes at mid-term follow up leaving a residual deformity on the coronal plane.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamentos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia
13.
Head Neck ; 43(12): 4022-4029, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396617

RESUMO

The pterygopalatine fossa contains a dense and complex array of neurovascular structures vulnerable to accidental surgical injury. This study aims to describe a novel landmark, the orbito-pterygo-sphenoidal ligament (OPSL), and implications of this structure for surgery in the pterygopalatine fossa and the inferior orbital fissure. Six cadaveric specimens (12 sides) were dissected using an endonasal approach to expose the periosteal layers associated with the pterygopalatine fossa and orbit. The thickened triangular-shaped ligament at their confluence was termed the OPSL. Dimensions of its lateral, inferior, and medial borders were measured, and their anatomical relationships defined. The pterygopalatine ganglion and the maxillary nerve lie immediately inferior and deep into the OPSL. The superior aspect of the posterior nasoseptal artery and nerve are covered by the medial OPSL. The lateral and inferior borders of the OPSL are contiguous with the periorbita and the periosteum of the pterygopalatine fossa, respectively. Along the medial border of the ligament, the openings of the palatovaginal fissure, vidian canal, and foramen rotundum were sequentially identified in a medial to lateral trajectory. The length of the lateral, inferior, and medial borders of the triangular OPSL were 13.25 ± 0.62, 14.25 ± 0.45, and 12.08 ± 0.90 mm, respectively. The OPSL is a thick, triangular-shaped fascial confluence, which may serve as a landmark for procedures within the pterygopalatine fossa and the inferior orbital fissure.


Assuntos
Órbita , Fossa Pterigopalatina , Cadáver , Humanos , Ligamentos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Órbita/cirurgia , Fossa Pterigopalatina/cirurgia
14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(16)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450869

RESUMO

Sensor technology was introduced to intraoperatively analyse the differential pressure between the medial and lateral compartments of the knee during primary TKA using a sensor to assess if further balancing procedures are needed to achieve a "balanced" knee. The prognostic role of epidemiological and radiological parameters was also analysed. A consecutive series of 21 patients with primary knee osteoarthritis were enrolled and programmed for TKA in our unit between 1 September 2020 and 31 March 2021. The VERASENSE Knee System (OrthoSensor Inc., Dania Beach, FL, USA) has been proposed as an instrument that quantifies the differential pressure between the compartments of the knee intraoperatively throughout the full range of motion during primary TKA, designed with a J-curve anatomical femoral design and a PS "medially congruent" polyethylene insert. Thirteen patients (61.90%) showed a "balanced" knee, and eight patients (38.10%) showed an intra-operative "unbalanced" knee and required additional procedures. A total of 13 additional balancing procedures were performed. At the end of surgical knee procedures, a quantitatively balanced knee was obtained in all patients. In addition, a correlation was found between the compartment pressure of phase I and phase II at 10° of flexion and higher absolute pressures were found in the medial compartment than in the lateral compartment in each ROM degree investigated. Moreover, those pressure values showed a trend to decrease with the increase in flexion degrees in both compartments. The "Kinetic Tracking" function displays the knee's dynamic motion through the full ROM to evaluate joint kinetics. The obtained kinetic traces reproduced the knee's medial pivot and femoral rollback, mimicking natural knee biomechanics. Moreover, we reported a statistically significant correlation between the need for soft tissue or bone resection rebalancing and severity of the initial coronal deformity (>10°) and a preoperative JLCA value >2°. The use of quantitative sensor-guided pressure evaluation during TKA leads to a more reproducible "balanced" knee. The surgeon, evaluating radiological parameters before surgery, may anticipate difficulties in knee balance and require those devices to achieve the desired result objectively.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Cinética , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamentos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
15.
Obstet Gynecol ; 138(3): 435-442, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare prolapse recurrence after total vaginal hysterectomy with uterosacral ligament suspension to recurrence after supracervical hysterectomy with mesh sacrocervicopexy for the primary management of uterovaginal prolapse. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women undergoing uterovaginal prolapse repair at an academic center from 2009 to 2019. Women who underwent vaginal hysterectomy with uterosacral ligament suspension or laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy with mesh sacrocervicopexy were included. The primary outcome was composite prolapse recurrence (prolapse beyond the hymen or retreatment with pessary or surgery). Secondary outcomes included mesh complications, time to recurrence, and overall reoperation for either prolapse recurrence or mesh complication. We used propensity scoring with a 2:1 ratio of sacrocervicopexy to uterosacral suspension. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 654 patients, of whom 228 (34.9%) underwent uterosacral suspension and 426 (65.1%) underwent sacrocervicopexy. The median follow-up was longer for the sacrocervicopexy group (230 vs 126 days, P<.001) and less than 1 year for both groups. The uterosacral group had a greater proportion of composite prolapse recurrence (14.9% [34/228] vs 8.7% [37/426], P=.02) and retreatment for recurrent prolapse (7.5% [17/228] vs 2.8% [12/426], P=.02). The uterosacral group demonstrated a shorter time to prolapse recurrence on multivariable Cox regression (hazard ratio 3.14, 95% CI 1.90-5.16). There were 14 (3.3%) mesh complications in the sacrocervicopexy group. Overall reoperation was similar between groups (4.8% [11/228] vs 3.8% [16/426], P=.51). CONCLUSION: Total vaginal hysterectomy with uterosacral ligament suspension was associated with higher rate of, and shorter time-to-prolapse recurrence compared with supracervical hysterectomy with mesh sacrocervicopexy.


Assuntos
Prolapso Uterino/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Histerectomia Vaginal , Ligamentos/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Telas Cirúrgicas , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Biomech ; 127: 110649, 2021 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375905

RESUMO

The female pelvic cavity involves muscles, ligaments, endopelvic fasciae and multiple organs where different pathologies may occur, namely the pelvic organ prolapse (POP). The synthetic implants are used for the reconstructive surgery of POP, but severe complications associated with their use have been reported, mainly related to their mechanical properties (e.g., implant stiffness) and microstructure. In this study, we mimicked a transvaginal reconstructive surgery to repair the apical ligaments (uterosacral ligaments (USLs) and cardinal ligaments (CLs)), by modeling, their impairment (90% and 50%) and/or total rupture. The implants to reinforce/replace these ligaments were built based on literature specifications and their mechanical properties were obtained through uniaxial tensile tests. The main aim of this study was to simulate the effect of mesh anchoring technique (simple stich and continuous stitch), and compare the displacement magnitude of the pelvic tissues, during Valsalva maneuver. The absence/presence of the synthetic implant was simulated when total rupture of the CLs and USLs occurs, causing a variation of the vaginal displacement (9% for the CLs and 27% for the USLs). Additionally, the simulations showed that there was a variation of the supero-inferior displacement of the vaginal wall between different anchoring techniques (simple stich and continuous stitch) being approximately of 10% for the simulation USLs and CLs implant. The computational simulation was able to mimic the biomechanical behavior of the USLs and CLs, in response to different anchoring techniques, which can be help improving the outcomes of the prolapse surgery.


Assuntos
Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico , Prolapso Uterino , Feminino , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Ligamentos/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(33): e27007, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414992

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The objective of this report was to introduce a new suture augmentation of coracoclavicular (CC) and acromioclavicular ligament reconstruction for acute Rockwood grade III to V acromioclavicular dislocations.From January 2015 to January 2019, 43 patients with Rockwood III to VI acute acromioclavicular dislocations were retrospectively reviewed. For comparison, another series of 28 patients treated with double Endobutton technique from January 2011 to December 2014 were reviewed. A P < .05 was considered statistical significance.The mean follow-up period of the 2 series were 39.69 ±â€Š7.42 months (range, 24-54 months) and 37.86 ±â€Š8.23 months (range, 26-48 months) (P > .05), respectively. There were significant differences regarding CC space (11.62 ±â€Š2.54 mm vs 16.78 ±â€Š5.53 mm; P < .05), CC reduction loss (5.56 ±â€Š4.73 mm vs 26.25 ±â€Š4.42 mm; P < .05), and acromioclavicular space (6.89 ±â€Š1.87 mm vs 7.95 ±â€Š2.37 mm; P < .05). There were significant differences regarding the disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand questionnaire (3.3 ±â€Š2.8 vs 5.32 ±â€Š4.37; P < .05) and University of California-Los Angeles shoulder rating scale (31.19 ±â€Š2.48 vs 29.24 ±â€Š2.48; P < .05). The excellent to good percentages were 100% (n = 32) and 85% (n = 23), respectively.In conclusion, the suture augmentation of acromioclavicular and CC ligament reconstruction is a reliable technique for acute acromioclavicular dislocation with minimal complications.Type of study/level of evidence: Therapeutic IIa.


Assuntos
Articulação Acromioclavicular/cirurgia , Ligamentos/cirurgia , Suturas/normas , Articulação Acromioclavicular/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Ligamentos/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Luxação do Ombro/cirurgia , Suturas/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e048490, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429312

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anterior quadratus lumborum block at the lateral supra-arcuate ligament (QLBA) is a new method for postoperative pain relief in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Perioperative QLBA is effective, but it has not been compared with posterior quadratus lumborum block (QLB2). The present study aims to evaluate the postoperative pain of patients undergoing laparoscopic nephrectomy surgery with QLBA versus QLB2. METHODS/DESIGN: This study is a randomised, prospective, parallel group, non-inferior trial. All patients undergoing laparoscopic nephrectomy surgery will be randomised 1:1 to the QLBA group or the QLB2 group with general anaesthesia. The objective of the trial is to evaluate the postoperative pain of patients undergoing laparoscopic nephrectomy surgery with QLBA (n=50) versus QLB2 (n=50). The primary outcome for this trial is the Visual Analogue Scale scores at rest and activity (dynamic pain scores are assessed with a cough or a trial to sit up in bed) 2 hours after surgery between patients who receive QLBA versus QLB2. The secondary objectives will be to compare (1) pain at rest and activity 0.5 hour, 2 hours, 24 hours, 48 hours after surgery; (2) the time spent on block operation; (3) the blocked dermatomal coverage 5 min and 15 min after block operation; (4) intraoperative opioid consumption; (5) types and doses of the rescue analgesic after surgery; (6) nausea and vomiting score within 24 hours after surgery; (7) time from the end of surgery to the first onset significant pain; (8) patient satisfaction score. DISCUSSION: Clinical experience has supported that QLB is a very effective postoperative analgesic method, and we will answer the following questions in this trial: Will both approaches have the same analgesic effect and duration? Will the QLBA have a non-inferior postoperative analgesic effect compared with QLB2 or the QLBA be able to prolong the duration of analgesia after surgery? The results of this study could have actual clinical applications that could help to reduce postoperative pain and shorten hospital stays. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study design was approved by the ethical committee of Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Beijing, China (2020-ke-321). The trial results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and at conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2000035354.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Laparoscopia , Anestésicos Locais , Humanos , Ligamentos , Nefrectomia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
20.
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 812-818, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459183

RESUMO

Ligaments are dense fibrous connective tissue that maintains joint stability through bone-to-bone connections. Ligament tears that due to sports injury or tissue aging usually require surgical intervention, and transplanting autologous, allogeneic, or artificial ligaments for reconstruction is the gold standard for treating such diseases in spite of many drawbacks. With the development of materialogy and manufacturing technology, engineered ligament tissue based on bioscaffold is expected to become a new substitute, which can lead to tissue regeneration by simulating the structure, composition, and biomechanical properties of natural tissue. This paper reviewed some recently published in vitro and animal researches focusing on ligament tissue engineering, then evaluated the properties and the effects on tissue repair and reconstruction of fiber structure scaffolds, multi-phase interface scaffolds and bio-derived scaffolds designed by bionic principle and made of different materials, manufacturing techniques and biological factors. Finally, summarization followed by the prospection for future development direction of biological scaffolds in ligament tissue engineering research is given.


Assuntos
Biônica , Engenharia Tecidual , Animais , Osso e Ossos , Humanos , Ligamentos , Cicatrização
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