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4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7886, 2024 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570585

RESUMO

This epidemiological study examined ocular and orbital lymphomas in the United States from 1995 to 2018, using data from the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries database of 87,543 patients with ocular and adnexal malignancies. We identified 17,878 patients (20.4%) with ocular and orbital lymphomas, with an age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) of 2.6 persons per million (ppm). The incidence was the highest in the orbit (ASIR = 1.24), followed by the conjunctiva (ASIR = 0.57). Non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma was the most prevalent subtype (85.4%), particularly marginal-zone lymphoma (45.7%). Racial disparities were noted, with Asia-Pacific Islanders showing the highest incidence (orbit, 1.3 ppm). The incidence increased significantly from 1995 to 2003 (Average Percent Change, APC = 2.1%) but declined thereafter until 2018 (APC = - 0.7%). 5-year relative survival (RS) rates varied, with the highest rate for conjunctival lymphoma (100%) and the lowest for intraocular lymphoma (70.6%). Survival rates have generally improved, with an annual increase in the 5-year RS of 0.45%. This study highlights the changing epidemiological landscape, pointing to initial increases and subsequent decreases in incidence until 2003, with survival improvements likely due to advancements in treatment. These findings underscore the need for further research to investigate the root causes of these shifts and the declining incidence of ocular lymphoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Oculares , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B , Linfoma , Neoplasias Orbitárias , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Incidência , Neoplasias Orbitárias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Orbitárias/patologia , Neoplasias Oculares/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/patologia
5.
Acta Oncol ; 63: 164-168, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: The COVID-19 pandemic posed a large challenge for healthcare systems across the world. Comprehensive data on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on incidence and mortality in lymphoma are lacking. PATIENTS/METHODS: Using data from the Swedish lymphoma register, we compare incidence and 1-year survival of lymphoma patients in Sweden before (2017-2019) and during the pandemic (2020 and 2021). RESULTS: Fewer patients were diagnosed with lymphomas during March-June 2020, but the annual incidence rates for 2020 and 2021 were similar to those of 2017-2019. A larger proportion of patients presented with stage IV disease during 2021. There were no differences in other base-line characteristics nor application of active treatment in pre-pandemic and pandemic years. One-year overall survival was not inferior among lymphoma patients during the pandemic years compared to pre-pandemic years i.e., 2017-2019. INTERPRETATION: The COVID-19 pandemic had limited impact on the incidence and mortality of lymphoma in Sweden.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Linfoma , Humanos , Incidência , Suécia/epidemiologia , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Linfoma/epidemiologia , Linfoma/patologia
6.
Q J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 68(1): 58-69, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587361

RESUMO

Lymphoma represent the third most common malignant disease in childhood and adolescence. They are divided into pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma (P-HL) and pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (P-NHL). In P-HL, excellent cure rates are achieved through combined modality treatment using chemotherapy and radiotherapy. For more than 20 years, FDG-PET has been an integral part of the treatment and guides its intensity through improved staging and precise assessment of chemotherapy response. In P-NHL, good cure rates are achieved with chemotherapy alone. At present FDG-PET plays only a subordinate role in the treatment setting. Its potential to contribute to treatment management is far from being fully utilised. In this article, the current status of FDG-PET in pediatric lymphoma is presented in detail. The core elements are the sections on staging and response assessment. In addition, challenges and pitfalls are discussed and future developments are outlined.


Assuntos
Linfoma não Hodgkin , Linfoma , Criança , Adolescente , Humanos , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Linfoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma/terapia , Linfoma/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma não Hodgkin/terapia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
7.
Womens Health (Lond) ; 20: 17455057241239308, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587330

RESUMO

Chemotherapy and radiation therapy can cause gonadal dysfunction in women of reproductive age. Ovarian tissue cryopreservation is performed to restore fertility by allowing transplantation of the patient's frozen-thawed ovarian tissue or through future in vitro maturation and in vitro fertilization of frozen-thawed oocytes. Herein, we describe our initial experience with vaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery for ovarian tissue preservation in a young woman with malignant tumor. A 23-year-old woman with anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive malignant lymphoma was scheduled for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after experiencing relapse following R-cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone therapy. Ovarian tissue cryopreservation was selected as only MII2 oocytes were collected. Vaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery was performed to excise the left ovary. Ovarian tissues were frozen using the vitrification method. The operative time was 37 min, and blood loss was minimal. Pathological examination revealed no metastatic findings of malignant lymphoma and no thermal damage to the ovarian tissue due to bipolar disorder. The patient was discharged on the first day postoperatively, and her postoperative course was uneventful. The vaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery technique can provide a safe and effective alternative to laparoscopy or laparotomy for the cryopreservation of ovarian tissue in young patients with cancer. We believe this method has potential application in sexually mature female cancer survivors.


Ovarian tissue cryopreservation with vaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgeryChemotherapy and radiotherapy can affect a woman's ability to have children by reducing ovarian function. This can make it hard to conceive even with fertility treatments. Freezing healthy ovaries before these treatments can help restore fertility. This can be done by freezing and later transplanting ovarian tissue or by fertilizing frozen eggs in a lab. Traditional surgery to remove ovaries can cause cosmetic issues and pain. But now, a new method called vaginal spontaneous opening transperitoneal endoscopic surgery is becoming more common. This surgery is less invasive, quicker, and causes less bleeding. We recently used this method to preserve ovarian tissue in young women with cancer. The surgery was successful with minimal complications. This new approach could offer a safer option for preserving fertility in female cancer survivors.


Assuntos
Preservação da Fertilidade , Linfoma , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural , Neoplasias , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Criopreservação/métodos , Ovário/cirurgia , Linfoma/cirurgia , Linfoma/patologia , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Preservação da Fertilidade/métodos
9.
Clin Nucl Med ; 49(5): 464-465, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456450

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: We report an 18 F-FDG PET/CT scan of a 47-year-old man diagnosed with diffuse mast cell sarcoma with lymph node, bone, liver, spleen, and lung involvement. This interesting image should remind colleagues to consider mast cell sarcoma as a rare differential diagnosis in patients with multiple, intensely hypermetabolic lesions in various organs and lymph nodes.


Assuntos
Linfoma , Sarcoma de Mastócitos , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons
10.
Cancer Treat Rev ; 125: 102715, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471356

RESUMO

Clinical management of Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia has seen major progress in the recent years, triggered by our improved understanding of the biology of the disease and the development of new therapies. Based on this there are multiple treatment options available for patients with WM ranging from classical immunochemotherapy to targeted approaches blocking key enzymes involved in lymphoma growth. This review summarizes our current knowledge about diagnostics and treatment of this rare but recurrent lymphoma subtype, which often presents a major clinical challenge in daily clinical life.


Assuntos
Linfoma , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom , Humanos , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/diagnóstico , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
11.
Int J Pharm ; 654: 123971, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452832

RESUMO

Lymphoma and leukemia are both hematological system tumors with complex etiology, and mainly treated with chemotherapeutic drugs. However, therapeutic drugs can interrupt curative effect due to different side effects. Therefore, it is worthwhile to develop a novel therapeutic for providing insights for clinical tumor treatment. In this study, we developed a fisetin nanoparticles (Fisetin NPs) through a self-assembled method, and investigated the activity and potential mechanism of Fisetin NPs against lymphoma and leukemia. The spherical and uniformly distributed Fisetin NPs effectively inhibited both tumor cells proliferation, arrested EL4 cells G0/G1 phase and K562 cells G2/M phase, and induced apoptosis in vitro. In vivo, Fisetin NPs exhibited excellent tumor growth inhibition, effective inhibition of cell proliferation and angiogenesis, significant induction of apoptosis and ideal safety. Mechanically, fisetin upregulated genes (Fas, Pidd, Puma, Apaf1, and p21) in the p53 signaling pathway and bound to N-acetyltransferase 10 (NAT10), ribosomal protein L34 (RPL34) and GTP binding protein 4 (GTPBP4). Collectively, Fisetin NPs have promising therapeutic effects on lymphoma and leukemia, which are of great significant for clinical implications.


Assuntos
Leucemia , Linfoma , Humanos , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Flavonóis/farmacologia , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Leucemia/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas Nucleares/farmacologia , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/farmacologia , Acetiltransferases N-Terminal
12.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 65(2): 84-89, 2024.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448003

RESUMO

A 63-year-old man with adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation from an HLA-matched unrelated donor. On day 17 after transplantation, chest computed tomography (CT) showed nodules in the lower lobes of both lungs, and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) was suspected. Treatment with liposomal amphotericin B was started, and improvement of infectious lesions was confirmed with CT on day 28. The antifungal agent was changed to voriconazole on day 52 because of progressive renal dysfunction. Disorders of consciousness and paralysis of the left upper and lower extremities developed on day 61. Brain CT showed subcortical hemorrhage in the right parietal and occipital lobes, and the patient died on day 62. An autopsy revealed filamentous fungi, suspected to be Aspergillus, in the pulmonary nodules and a ruptured cerebral aneurysm. Although IPA occurs in 10% of transplant recipients, vigilant monitoring for mycotic cerebral aneurysms is required to prevent hematogenous dissemination of Aspergillus, which is associated with a high mortality rate.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto , Linfoma , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aneurisma Intracraniano/complicações , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/terapia , Transplante de Medula Óssea
13.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1297893, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504977

RESUMO

Introduction: Atherosclerosis is a lipid-driven inflammatory disease of the arterial wall, and the underlying cause of the majority of cardiovascular diseases. Recent advances in high-parametric immunophenotyping of immune cells indicate that T cells constitute the major leukocyte population in the atherosclerotic plaque. The E3 ubiquitin ligase Casitas B-lymphoma proto-oncogene-B (CBL-B) is a critical intracellular regulator that sets the threshold for T cell activation, making CBL-B a potential therapeutic target to modulate inflammation in atherosclerosis. We previously demonstrated that complete knock-out of CBL-B aggravated atherosclerosis in Apoe-/- mice, which was attributed to increased macrophage recruitment and increased CD8+ T cell activation in the plaque. Methods: To further study the T cell specific role of CBL-B in atherosclerosis, Apoe-/- CD4cre Cblb fl/fl (Cbl-bcKO) mice and Apoe-/-CD4WTCblbfl/fl littermates (Cbl-bfl/fl) were fed a high cholesterol diet for ten weeks. Results: Cbl-bcKO mice had smaller atherosclerotic lesions in the aortic arch and root compared to Cbl-bfl/fl, and a substantial increase in CD3+ T cells in the plaque. Collagen content in the plaque was decreased, while other plaque characteristics including plaque necrotic core, macrophage content, and smooth muscle cell content, remained unchanged. Mice lacking T cell CBL-B had a 1.4-fold increase in CD8+ T cells and a 1.8-fold increase in regulatory T cells in the spleen. Splenic CD4+ and CD8+ T cells had increased expression of C-X-C Motif Chemokine Receptor 3 (CXCR3) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), indicating a T helper 1 (Th1)-like/effector CD8+ T cell-like phenotype. Conclusion: In conclusion, Cbl-bcKO mice have reduced atherosclerosis but show increased T cell accumulation in the plaque accompanied by systemic T cell activation.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Linfoma , Placa Aterosclerótica , Animais , Camundongos , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Camundongos Knockout , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-cbl/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-cbl/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo
14.
Cancer Med ; 13(7): e7095, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Information about follow-up care in blood cancer survivors is limited. The questionnaire-based "Aftercare in Blood Cancer Survivors" (ABC) study aimed to identify patterns of follow-up care in Germany and compare different types of follow-up institutions. METHODS: The study's 18-month prospective part compared the follow-up institutions identified in the preceding retrospective part (academic oncologists, community oncologists, primary care physicians). The questionnaires were completed by the follow-up physicians. RESULTS: Of 1070 physicians named by 1479 blood-cancer survivors, 478 (44.7%) consented to participate. For provision of care, most oncologists relied on published guidelines, while most primary care physicians depended on information from other physicians. Survivors with a history of allogeneic transplantation or indolent lymphoma were mainly seen by academic oncologists, whereas survivors with monoclonal gammopathy, multiple myeloma, or myeloproliferative disorders were often seen by community oncologists, and survivors with a history of aggressive lymphoma or acute leukemia by primary care physicians. Detection of relapse and secondary diseases was consistently viewed as the most important follow-up goal. Follow-up visits were most extensively documented by academic oncologists (574 of 1045 survivors cared for, 54.9%), followed by community oncologists (90/231, 39.0%) and primary care physicians (51/203, 25.1%). Relapse and secondary disease detection rates and the patients' quality of life were similar at the three institutions. Laboratory tests were most often ordered by academic oncologists, and imaging by primary care physicians. Psychosocial issues and preventive care were more often addressed by primary care physicians than by oncologists. CONCLUSIONS: Patients at high risk of relapse or late complications were preferentially treated by academic oncologists, while patients in stable condition requiring continuous monitoring were also seen by community oncologists, and patients with curable diseases in long-term remission by primary care physicians. For the latter, transfer of follow-up care from oncologists to well-informed primary care providers appears feasible.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Linfoma , Neoplasias , Adulto , Humanos , Assistência ao Convalescente , Oncologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias/terapia , Linfoma/epidemiologia , Linfoma/terapia , Recidiva
15.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(4): 238, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512692

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There has been little dedicated research on cancer-related cognitive impairment in patients with aggressive lymphoma. We describe and compare patients' cognitive function with that of healthy controls and patients' wellbeing and distress with general population values. We also explore associations between patients' neuropsychological test performance and self-reported cognitive function and distress. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from a feasibility study of 30 patients with newly diagnosed aggressive lymphoma and 72 healthy controls. Patients completed neuropsychological tests and self-report measures before and 6-8 weeks after chemotherapy. Healthy controls completed neuropsychological tests and the FACT-Cog at enrolment and 6 months later. Mixed models were used to analyze neuropsychological test and FACT-Cog scores. One-sample t-tests were used to compare patients' self-reported wellbeing and distress with population norms. Associations were explored with Kendall's Tau b. RESULTS: Patients and healthy controls were well matched on socio-demographics. Differences between neuropsychological test scores were mostly large-sized; on average, patients' scores on measures of information processing speed, executive function, and learning and memory were worse both before and after chemotherapy (all p ≤ 0.003). The same pattern was observed for impact of perceived cognitive impairment on quality-of-life (both p < 0.001). Patients' physical and emotional wellbeing scores were lower than population norms both before and after chemotherapy (all p ≤ 0.018). Associations between neuropsychological performance and other measures were mostly trivial (all p > 0.10). CONCLUSION: For many patients with aggressive lymphoma, impaired neuropsychological test performance and impact of perceived impairments on quality-of-life precede chemotherapy and are sustained after chemotherapy. Findings support the need for large-scale longitudinal studies with this population to better understand targets for interventions to address cognitive impairments.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos , Disfunção Cognitiva , Linfoma , Neoplasias , Humanos , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Cognição , Linfoma/complicações , Testes Neuropsicológicos
16.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6764, 2024 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514636

RESUMO

EBV-infected lymphoma has a poor prognosis and various treatment strategies are being explored. Reports suggesting that B cell lymphoma can be induced by epigenetic regulation have piqued interest in studying mechanisms targeting epigenetic regulation. Here, we set out to identify an epigenetic regulator drug that acts synergistically with doxorubicin in EBV-positive lymphoma. We expressed the major EBV protein, LMP1, in B-cell lymphoma cell lines and used them to screen 100 epigenetic modifiers in combination with doxorubicin. The screening results identified TCP, which is an inhibitor of LSD1. Further analyses revealed that LMP1 increased the activity of LSD1 to enhance stemness ability under doxorubicin treatment, as evidenced by colony-forming and ALDEFLUOR activity assays. Quantseq 3' mRNA sequencing analysis of potential targets regulated by LSD1 in modulating stemness revealed that the LMP1-induced upregulation of CHAC2 was decreased when LSD1 was inhibited by TCP or downregulated by siRNA. We further observed that SOX2 expression was altered in response to CHAC2 expression, suggesting that stemness is regulated. Collectively, these findings suggest that LSD1 inhibitors could serve as promising therapeutic candidates for EBV-positive lymphoma, potentially reducing stemness activity when combined with conventional drugs to offer an effective treatment approach.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células B , Linfoma , Humanos , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Lisina/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Linfoma/genética , Linfoma de Células B/genética , Histona Desmetilases/metabolismo , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
17.
Lancet Rheumatol ; 6(4): e216-e225, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sjögren's disease is a heterogenous autoimmune disease with a wide range of symptoms-including dryness, fatigue, and pain-in addition to systemic manifestations and an increased risk of lymphoma. We aimed to identify distinct subgroups of the disease, using cluster analysis based on subjective symptoms and clinical and biological manifestations, and to compare the prognoses of patients in these subgroups. METHODS: This study included patients with Sjögren's disease from two independent cohorts in France: the cross-sectional Paris-Saclay cohort and the prospective Assessment of Systemic Signs and Evolution of Sjögren's Syndrome (ASSESS) cohort. We first used an unsupervised multiple correspondence analysis to identify clusters within the Paris-Saclay cohort using 26 variables comprising patient-reported symptoms and clinical and biological manifestations. Next, we validated these clusters using patients from the ASSESS cohort. Changes in disease activity (measured by the European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology [EULAR] Sjögren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index [ESSDAI]), patient-acceptable symptom state (measured by the EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index [ESSPRI]), and lymphoma incidence during follow-up were compared between clusters. Finally, we compared our clusters with the symptom-based subgroups previously described by Tarn and colleagues. FINDINGS: 534 patients from the Paris-Saclay cohort (502 [94%] women, 32 [6%] men, median age 54 years [IQR 43-64]), recruited between 1999 and 2022, and 395 patients from the ASSESS cohort (370 [94%] women, 25 [6%] men, median age 53 years [43-63]), recruited between 2006 and 2009, were included in this study. In both cohorts, hierarchical cluster analysis revealed three distinct subgroups of patients: those with B-cell active disease and low symptom burden (BALS), those with high systemic disease activity (HSA), and those with low systemic disease activity and high symptom burden (LSAHS). During follow-up in the ASSESS cohort, disease activity and symptom states worsened for patients in the BALS cluster (67 [36%] of 186 patients with ESSPRI score <5 at month 60 vs 92 [49%] of 186 at inclusion; p<0·0001). Lymphomas occurred in patients in the BALS cluster (five [3%] of 186 patients; diagnosed a median of 70 months [IQR 42-104] after inclusion) and the HSA cluster (six [4%] of 158 patients; diagnosed 23 months [13-83] after inclusion). All patients from the Paris-Saclay cohort with a history of lymphoma were in the BALS and HSA clusters. This unsupervised clustering classification based on symptoms and clinical and biological manifestations did not correlate with a previous classification based on symptoms only. INTERPRETATION: On the basis of symptoms and clinical and biological manifestations, we identified three distinct subgroups of patients with Sjögren's disease with different prognoses. Our results suggest that these subgroups represent different heterogeneous pathophysiological disease mechanisms, stages of disease, or both. These findings could be of interest when stratifying patients in future therapeutic trials. FUNDING: Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale, French Ministry of Health, French Society of Rheumatology, Innovative Medicines Initiative 2 Joint Undertaking, Medical Research Council UK, and Foundation for Research in Rheumatology.


Assuntos
Linfoma , Síndrome de Sjogren , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Paris/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Análise por Conglomerados , Linfoma/epidemiologia
18.
Cancer Med ; 13(6): e7050, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38506241

RESUMO

AIMS: T-follicular helper (TFH) cells are effector T-cells that are crucial for B-cell selection and differentiation. T-cell lymphomas derived from TFH cells have distinct characteristics. Additionally, in the World Health Organization (WHO) classification 5th edition, three lymphomas were introduced as independent disease entities with TFH cell origin. We aimed to investigate the clinicopathological features of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) with a TFH phenotype (TFHP). METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed TFH immunohistochemistry analysis of five biomarkers for the biopsy specimen, with TFHP being indicated by a positive result for more than two markers. Among 75 cases of ATLL, 37.3% of them showed TFHP. Compared with cases of ATLL without TFHP, cases of ATLL with TFHP showed higher C-reactive protein levels (p = 0.0219) and increased high endothelial venule proliferation (p = 0.024). However, there were no significant between-group differences in overall survival as well as other clinical and morphological findings. Furthermore, there was no significant between-group difference in TFH markers and FOXP3 expression. CONCLUSION: Some patients with ATLL may present a TFHP, which should not preclude the diagnosis of ATLL. Although presenting a TFHP does not affect prognosis, it is important to identify cases of ATLL with a TFHP since it may inform future treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto , Linfoma , Adulto , Humanos , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/genética , Linfoma/patologia , Prognóstico , Fenótipo , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/patologia
19.
J Int Med Res ; 52(3): 3000605241233988, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483129

RESUMO

Gastric metastasis from breast cancer has a high rate of misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. Data of patients who had gastric metastasis from breast cancer were retrieved from our hospital between 2014 and 2020. The gastric metastasis from breast cancer incidence was 0.04% (5/14,169 cases of breast cancer). Four patients had invasive lobular carcinoma, and the other patient had invasive ductal carcinoma. The time from the initial diagnosis of breast cancer to the appearance of gastric metastasis ranged from 0 to 12 years. One patient's endoscopic presentation was similar to mucosal-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma and presented with gastric mucosal congestion and edema, widened wrinkles, mixed color fading, and redness. The initial pathological diagnosis of this patient was mucosal-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, and breast cancer was finally confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Hormonal receptors were highly expressed in four patients with primary and metastasis lesions and were negative in one patient. Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 was negative in all patients. Mammaglobin and GATA3 were positive in all patients. In conclusion, the gastric metastasis of breast cancer incidence rate is low, and misdiagnosis can lead to insufficient or excessive treatment. Multiple biopsies and immunohistochemistry should be performed to diagnose gastric metastasis of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma Lobular , Linfoma , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
20.
BMJ Open ; 14(3): e078320, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The role of the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) scores in predicting the prognosis of lymphoma cases has been extensively explored, with no consistent results. The present meta-analysis focused on accurately evaluating whether CONUT could be used to predict the prognosis of lymphoma cases and its clinicopathological value. DESIGN: The present meta-analysis was reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The prognostic significance of CONUT to overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in lymphoma was estimated by calculating pooled HRs with 95% CIs. The relationship between CONUT and clinicopathological characteristics was measured based on pooled ORs with 95% CIs. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library databases were comprehensively searched from inception through 24 March 2023. STATISTICAL METHODS: Either a random-effects model or a fixed-effects model was selected depending on the level of heterogeneity among the included studies. RESULTS: This meta-analysis enrolled seven articles, containing 2060 patients with lymphoma. According to the pooled analysis, a higher CONUT score significantly predicted poor OS (HR=1.94, 95% CI 1.46 to 2.57, p<0.001) as well as poorer PFS (HR=1.51, 95% CI 1.04 to 2.20, p=0.031). Furthermore, according to the combined analysis, a higher CONUT score was significantly associated with Ann Arbor stages III-IV (OR=3.75, 95% CI 2.96 to 4.75, p<0.001), an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 2-4 (OR=5.14, 95% CI 3.97 to 6.65, p<0.001), high-intermediate/high National Comprehensive Cancer Network International Prognostic Index (OR=8.05, 95% CI 5.11 to 12.66, p<0.001), B symptoms (OR=4.97, 95% CI 2.89 to 8.52, p<0.001), extranodal disease (OR=3.25, 95% CI 2.24 to 4.70, p<0.001), bone marrow involvement (OR=4.86, 95% CI 3.25 to 7.27, p<0.001) and elevated lactate dehydrogenase levels (OR=3.21, 95% CI 2.37 to 4.34, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: According to our results, higher CONUT scores were significantly associated with poor OS and PFS in lymphoma.


Assuntos
Linfoma , Estado Nutricional , Humanos , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos
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