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3.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 209, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724962

RESUMO

BACKGROUD: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between fluctuation in blood pressure (BP), ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) and visual field (VF) progression in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal study included 44 patients with NTG. Only newly diagnosed NTG patients who had not been treated with a glaucoma medication were included. Patients were examined every year for 7 years. Intraocular pressure (IOP), heart rate (HR), systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), and diastolic ocular perfusion pressure (DOPP) were measured at the same time. Ophthalmic examinations, including perimetry, were performed also. Initial VF were compared with follow-up data after 7 years. RESULTS: After 7 years of follow-up, 9 of the 44 patients showed VF progression. The standard deviation (SD) of SBP and OPP were significantly associated with VF progression (P = 0.007, < 0.001, respectively). Multiple regression analysis showed that VF progression was significantly associated with SD of OPP (odds ratio, OR = 2.012, 95% CI = 1.016-3.985; P = 0.045). CONCLUSIONS: Fluctuation in OPP was associated with VF progression in patients with NTG.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Progressão da Doença , Pressão Intraocular , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Campos Visuais , Humanos , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/fisiopatologia , Campos Visuais/fisiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Seguimentos , Idoso , Testes de Campo Visual , Adulto
4.
BMJ Open Ophthalmol ; 9(1)2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate and compare the efficacy and safety of first-line and second-line selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in Japanese patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). METHODS: 100 patients with NTG were enrolled in this study. Patients were treated with SLT as a first-line or second-line treatment for NTG. Main outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction rate, outflow pressure improvement rate (ΔOP), success rate at 1 year and complications. Success was defined as ΔOP≥20% (criterion A) or an IOP reduction ≥20% (criterion B) without additional IOP-lowering eye-drops, repeat SLT or additional glaucoma surgeries. The incidence of transient IOP spike (>5 mm Hg from the pretreatment IOP), conjunctival hyperaemia, inflammation in the anterior chamber and visual impairment due to SLT were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 99 patients (99 eyes) were initially enrolled in this study, including 74 eyes assigned to the first-line SLT group and 25 eyes to the second-line SLT group. The mean IOP of 16.3±2.1 mm Hg before SLT decreased by 17.1%±9.5% to 13.4±1.9 mm Hg at 12 months after SLT in the first-line group (p<0.001), and the mean IOP of 15.4±1.5 mm Hg before SLT decreased by 12.7%±9.7% to 13.2±2.0 mm Hg at 12 months after SLT (p=0.005) in the second-line group. Both groups showed significant reductions in IOP. Higher pre-SLT IOP and thinner central corneal thickness were associated with greater IOP reduction. The success rate at 1 year was higher in the first-line compared with the second-line group, with lower pretreatment IOP and the use of IOP-lowering medication before SLT being associated with treatment failure. Most post-treatment complications were minor and transient. CONCLUSIONS: SLT may be an effective and safe treatment option for NTG, as either a first-line or second-line treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: The study was registered in the UMIN-CTR (UMIN Test ID: UMIN R000044059).


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Hipotensão Ocular , Trabeculectomia , Humanos , Trabeculectomia/efeitos adversos , Pressão Intraocular , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/cirurgia , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Hipotensão Ocular/cirurgia , Câmara Anterior , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes
5.
Turk J Ophthalmol ; 54(2): 83-89, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38645613

RESUMO

Objectives: To review the current literature related to the correlation between translaminar pressure difference (TLPD) and glaucoma. Materials and Methods: In this article, we conducted a literature review using MEDLINE via PubMed, Cochrane Eyes and Vision, and Google Scholar from 01/01/2010 to 31/12/2022. Search terms included "glaucoma", "intraocular pressure", "translaminar cribrosa pressure gradient/difference", "intracranial pressure", and "cerebrospinal fluid pressure". Of 471 results, 8 articles were selected for the meta-analysis. Results: Our meta-analysis demonstrated significantly higher intraocular pressure, lower cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFp), and greater TLPD in high-tension and normal-tension glaucoma groups compared to healthy groups. Conclusion: The differences in CSFp and TLPD between glaucoma and healthy people detected in current studies suggests a potential relationship between TLPD and glaucoma.


Assuntos
Pressão Intraocular , Doenças do Nervo Óptico , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Doenças do Nervo Óptico/diagnóstico , Doenças do Nervo Óptico/etiologia , Doenças do Nervo Óptico/fisiopatologia , Pressão do Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/fisiologia , Glaucoma/fisiopatologia , Tonometria Ocular , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/fisiopatologia , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/diagnóstico
6.
Neuromolecular Med ; 26(1): 13, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619671

RESUMO

Normal tension glaucoma (NTG) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease in glaucoma families. Typical glaucoma develops because of increased intraocular pressure (IOP), whereas NTG develops despite normal IOP. As a subtype of open-angle glaucoma, NTG is characterized by retinal ganglion cell (RGC) degeneration, gradual loss of axons, and injury to the optic nerve. The relationship between glutamate excitotoxicity and oxidative stress has elicited great interest in NTG studies. We recently reported that suppressing collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP2) phosphorylation in S522A CRMP2 mutant (CRMP2 KIKI) mice inhibited RGC death in NTG mouse models. This study evaluated the impact of the natural compounds huperzine A (HupA) and naringenin (NAR), which have therapeutic effects against glutamate excitotoxicity and oxidative stress, on inhibiting CMRP2 phosphorylation in mice intravitreally injected with N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and GLAST mutant mice. Results of the study demonstrated that HupA and NAR significantly reduced RGC degeneration and thinning of the inner retinal layer, and inhibited the elevated CRMP2 phosphorylation. These treatments protected against glutamate excitotoxicity and suppressed oxidative stress, which could provide insight into developing new effective therapeutic strategies for NTG.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Sesquiterpenos , Animais , Camundongos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glaucoma/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Glutâmico/toxicidade , Fosforilação , Células Ganglionares da Retina , Semaforina-3A
7.
Genes (Basel) ; 15(4)2024 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38674425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Normal tension glaucoma (NTG) is becoming a more and more serious problem, especially in Asia. But the pathological mechanisms are still not illustrated clearly. We carried out this research to uncover the gene polymorphisms with NTG. METHODS: We searched in Web of Science, Embase, Pubmed and Cochrane databases for qualified case-control studies investigating the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and NTG risk. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each SNP were estimated by fixed- or random-effect models. Sensitivity analysis was also performed to strengthen the reliability of the results. RESULTS: Fifty-six studies involving 33 candidate SNPs in 14 genetic loci were verified to be eligible for our meta-analysis. Significant associations were found between 16 SNPs (rs166850 of OPA1; rs10451941 of OPA1; rs735860 of ELOVL5; rs678350 of HK2; c.603T>A/Met98Lys of OPTN; c.412G>A/Thr34Thr of OPTN; rs10759930 of TLR4; rs1927914 of TLR4; rs1927911 of TLR4; c.*70C>G of EDNRA; rs1042522/-Arg72Pro of P53; rs10483727 of SIX1-SIX6; rs33912345 of SIX1-SIX6; rs2033008 of NCK2; rs3213787 of SRBD1 and c.231G>A of EDNRA) with increased or decreased risk of NTG. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we confirmed 16 genetic polymorphisms in 10 genes (OPA1, ELOVL5, HK2, OPTN, TLR4, EDNRA, P53, NCK2, SRBD1 and SIX1-SIX6) were associated with NTG.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Humanos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/genética
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8972, 2024 04 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637538

RESUMO

Glaucoma, particularly primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), poses a significant global health concern. Distinguished by intraocular pressure (IOP), POAG encompasses high-tension glaucoma (HTG) and normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Apolipoprotein E (APOE) is a multifaceted protein with roles in lipid metabolism, neurobiology, and neurodegenerative diseases. However, controversies persist regarding the impact of APOE single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on open-angle glaucoma and NTG. This study aimed to identify APOE-specific SNPs influencing NTG risk. A cohort of 178 patients with NTG recruited from Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital and 32,858 individuals from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES) cohort were included in the analysis. Genotype and haplotype analyses were performed on three promoter SNPs (rs449647, rs769446, and rs405509) and two exonic SNPs (rs429358 and rs7412) located on chromosome 19. Among the five SNPs, rs769446 genotypes exhibited significant differences between cases and controls. The minor allele C of rs769446 emerged as a protective factor against NTG. Furthermore, haplotype analysis of the five SNPs revealed that the A-T-G-T-T haplotype was a statistically significant risk factor for NTG. This study indicated an association between APOE promoter SNPs and NTG in the Korean population. Further studies are required to understand how APOE promoter SNPs contribute to NTG pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Humanos , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Genótipo , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/genética , Pressão Intraocular , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
9.
Jpn J Ophthalmol ; 68(3): 206-210, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587788

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the 3-year efficacy and safety of single-agent omidenepag isopropyl in patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. METHODS: One hundred patients (100 eyes) who had newly been administered omidenepag isopropyl were enrolled in this study. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was compared at baseline and 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months after administration. The mean deviation values at baseline and 12, 24, and 36 months measured using the Humphrey visual field test (30-2 Swedish Interactive Threshold Algorithm standard) were compared. Adverse reactions and dropouts were assessed. RESULTS: IOP significantly decreased from 15.5±2.7 mmHg at baseline to 13.8 ±2.3 mmHg after 6 months, 13.9± 2.3 mmHg after 12 months, 13.9±2.3 mmHg after 18 months, 13.8±2.1 mmHg after 24 months, 13.9±2.0 mmHg after 30 months, and 13.6±1.7 mmHg after 36 months (P < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in the mean deviation values at baseline (-3.66±3.49 dB), 12 months (-3.41±3.80 dB), 24 months (-3.13±3.81 dB), and 36 months (-3.06±3.30 dB). Adverse reactions occurred in 11 patients (11.0%), including conjunctival hyperemia in 6 patients. Fifty-two patients (52.0%) were excluded from the analysis because they discontinued treatment either due to IOP measurement by NCT or the use of additional drugs. CONCLUSION: After the administration of omidenepag isopropyl, IOP in patients with NTG decreased within 3 years, visual fields were maintained, and safety was satisfactory. Thus, omidenepag isopropyl can be used as the first-line treatment for patients with NTG.


Assuntos
Pressão Intraocular , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Soluções Oftálmicas , Campos Visuais , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular/efeitos dos fármacos , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/tratamento farmacológico , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/fisiopatologia , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Idoso , Seguimentos , Campos Visuais/fisiologia , Tonometria Ocular , Adulto , Fatores de Tempo , Testes de Campo Visual
10.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 65(3): 28, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38506850

RESUMO

Purpose: To characterize the natural history of normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) in Chinese patients. Methods: The prospective observational cohort study included patients with untreated NTG with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Functional progression was defined by visual field (VF) deterioration, while structural progression was characterized by thinning of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) or ganglion cell inner plexiform layer (GCIPL). Results: Among 84 participants (mean age, 60.5 years; mean deviation, -5.01 decibels [dB]) with newly diagnosed NTG followed for an average of 69.7 months, 63.1% progressed during the observation period. Specifically, 29.8% progressed by VF, and 48.8% progressed by either RNFL or GCIPL. In Cox proportional hazards analysis, disc hemorrhage (hazard ratio [HR], 2.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.48-5.35), female gender (HR, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.08-3.62), and mean IOP during the follow-up period (HR, 1.14 per mm Hg; 95% CI, 1.00-1.31) were significant predictors of glaucomatous progression. Additionally, longer axial length (AL; HR, 0.57 per millimeter; 95% CI, 0.35-0.94) was protective against VF progression faster than -0.50 dB/y, and higher minimum diastolic blood pressure (DBP; HR, 0.96 per mm Hg; 95% CI, 0.92-1.00) was protective against structural progression. Conclusions: Nearly two-thirds of untreated Chinese patients with NTG progressed over an average follow-up of 70 months by VF, RNFL, or GCIPL. Disc hemorrhage, female gender, higher mean IOP, shorter AL, and lower minimum DBP were significant predictors for disease progression.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China/epidemiologia , Hemorragia , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Masculino , Idoso
11.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 65(1): 7, 2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38170537

RESUMO

Purpose: In this study, we aimed to compare blood flow changes in the optic nerve head (ONH) during horizontal ocular duction among normal, primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), and normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) eyes. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we included 90 eyes from 90 participants (30 control eyes, 30 POAG eyes, and 30 NTG eyes). ONH blood flow was measured with laser speckle flowgraphy using an external fixation light to induce central gaze, abduction, and adduction at 30 degrees for each eye. The mean blur rate (MBR) of the entire ONH area (MA), vascular region (MV), and tissue region (MT), and the change ratio were analyzed. The change ratio was defined as abduction or adduction value/central gaze value. Results: In the control group, MA significantly decreased during adduction (22.9 ± 3.7) compared with that during central gaze (23.6 ± 3.9, P < 0.05). In the POAG group, MA (adduction = 17.4 ± 3.8 and abduction = 17.3 ± 3.6) and MV (adduction = 37.9 ± 5.6 and abduction = 38.0 ± 5.6) significantly decreased during adduction and abduction compared with those during central gaze (18.0 ± 4.1 and 39.5 ± 6.3, respectively, P < 0.05). In the NTG group, MA significantly decreased during adduction (17.4 ± 4.2) compared with that during central gaze (18.1 ± 4.6) and abduction (18.1 ± 4.8, P < 0.05). The change ratio did not differ between the glaucoma and control groups. Conclusions: ONH blood flow decreased during horizontal ocular duction regardless of normal or glaucoma states; however, the change ratio was comparable between the normal and glaucoma groups.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Disco Óptico , Humanos , Disco Óptico/irrigação sanguínea , Estudos Transversais , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Pressão Intraocular
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2589, 2024 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297037

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the age-related glaucoma progression rates in myopic normal tension glaucoma (NTG). In this long-term retrospective cohort (7.2 ± 3.5 years), we grouped patients based on their age at initial presentation: group A (age < 30 years, 60 eyes), group B (30 ≤ age < 40, 66 eyes), and group C (40 ≤ age < 50 years, 63 eyes). We used a linear mixed-effects model to estimate retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defect width enlargement rates. Group A showed a significantly faster rate of RNFL defect progression (3.01 ± 1.74°/year) than those of groups B and C (2.05 ± 1.55°/year and 2.06 ± 1.29°/year, P = 0.004 and 0.002). The difference was more marked when calculated for the first 10 years of follow-up in group A, B, and C (3.95 ± 2.70°/year, 2.39 ± 1.64°/year, and 1.98 ± 1.31°/year), and between the periods of age < 30 years, 30 ≤ age < 40 years, and 40 ≤ age < 50 years within group A. This is the first evidence of rapid glaucoma progression in the young adulthood and stabilization in older age in myopic NTG. Clinicians should consider the potentially aggressive course of glaucoma, especially in younger patients with myopic NTG, in contrast to the general slow progression in adulthood.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Miopia , Disco Óptico , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Campos Visuais , Pressão Intraocular , Fibras Nervosas , Progressão da Doença , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
14.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; 34(1): 161-167, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37312517

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare peripapillary vessel density using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) in eyes of healthy people, primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), and normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). METHODS: Thirty patients with POAG, 27 patients with NTG, and 29 healthy individuals in the control group were assessed. Capillary vessels in peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) represented by whole image RPC (radial peripapillary capillary) density in an AngioDisc scan 4.5 × 4.5 mm centered on the optic disc, and ONH morphological variables (disc area, rim area, cup to disc area ratio (CDR)), and average peripapillary RNFL thickness were measured. RESULTS: Differences in mean RPC, RNFL, disc area, rim area, and CDR between the groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The difference in RNFL thickness and rim area was not significant between NTG and healthy groups, while RPC and CDR showed a statistically significant difference between all pairs. The vessel density in the POAG group was 8.25% and 11.7% lower compared to the NTG and healthy groups, respectively; while the mean difference was less (2.97%) for the NTG and healthy group. In the POAG group, 67.2% of the variation in RPC can be explained by a model containing CDR and RNFL thickness, and in normal eyes 38.8% of the changes using a model containing RNFL. CONCLUSION: The peripapillary vessel density is reduced in both types of glaucoma. The vessel density in NTG was significantly lower than in the healthy eyes, despite the lack of significant difference in RNFL thickness and neuroretinal rim area between them.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Disco Óptico , Humanos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/diagnóstico , Pressão Intraocular , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/diagnóstico , Disco Óptico/irrigação sanguínea , Retina , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Vasos Retinianos
15.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 108(4): 522-529, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37011991

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess intraocular pressure (IOP)-induced and gaze-induced optic nerve head (ONH) strains in subjects with high-tension glaucoma (HTG) and normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). DESIGN: Clinic-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: The ONH from one eye of 228 subjects (114 subjects with HTG (pre-treatment IOP≥21 mm Hg) and 114 with NTG (pre-treatment IOP<21 mm Hg)) was imaged with optical coherence tomography (OCT) under the following conditions: (1) OCT primary gaze, (2) 20° adduction from OCT primary gaze, (3) 20° abduction from OCT primary gaze and (4) OCT primary gaze with acute IOP elevation (to approximately 33 mm Hg). We then performed digital volume correlation analysis to quantify IOP-induced and gaze-induced ONH tissue deformations and strains. RESULTS: Across all subjects, adduction generated high effective strain (4.4%±2.3%) in the LC tissue with no significant difference (p>0.05) with those induced by IOP elevation (4.5%±2.4%); while abduction generated significantly lower (p=0.01) effective strain (3.1%±1.9%). The lamina cribrosa (LC) of HTG subjects exhibited significantly higher effective strain than those of NTG subjects under IOP elevation (HTG: 4.6%±1.7% vs NTG: 4.1%±1.5%, p<0.05). Conversely, the LC of NTG subjects exhibited significantly higher effective strain than those of HTG subjects under adduction (NTG: 4.9%±1.9% vs HTG: 4.0%±1.4%, p<0.05). CONCLUSION: We found that NTG subjects experienced higher strains due to adduction than HTG subjects, while HTG subjects experienced higher strain due to IOP elevation than NTG subjects-and that these differences were most pronounced in the LC tissue.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Disco Óptico , Humanos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/diagnóstico , Pressão Intraocular , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
16.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 259: 151-165, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37898282

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Many studies have examined the ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) to better understand its physiology and clinical relevance, but the papers are scattered, not consistently indexed, and sometimes difficult to locate. We aimed to identify and summarize the relevant published evidence on OPA and, in a meta-analysis, outline specific differences of this parameter between healthy individual, primary open-angle glaucoma, normal-tension glaucoma, ocular hypertension, and cataract patients. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A thorough literature search and data extraction were conducted by 2 reviewers independently. Reports on OPA measured by the dynamic contour tonometry in conjunction with different ocular and systemic diseases or potential influencing factors were included. RESULTS: Of the 527 initially found reports, 97 met the inclusion criteria assessing 31 clinical conditions. A meta-analysis based on 6850 eyes and 106 study arms (68.8%) revealed differences in mean OPA values in millimeters of mercury between various entities. Among healthy eyes, the OPA was 2.58 mm Hg (95% CI: 2.45-2.71), whereas OPA values were higher in glaucoma (unspecified glaucoma 2.73 mm Hg, 95% CI: 2.38-3.08; normal-tension glaucoma 2.66 mm Hg, 95% CI: 2.36-2.97; and primary open-angle glaucoma 2.92 mm Hg, 95% CI: 2.75-3.08). Although ocular hypertension showed the highest OPA values (3.53 mm Hg, 95% CI: 3.05-4.01), the lowest values were found in cataract eyes (2.26 mm Hg, 95% CI: 1.57-2.94). CONCLUSION: We found different OPA values characteristic of different clinical entities, with above-normal values in glaucoma and ocular hypertension and lower values in cataract patients. Our work is intended for clinicians and researchers who want to get a quick overview of the available evidence or who need statistical data on OPA distributions in individual diseases.


Assuntos
Catarata , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Hipertensão Ocular , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/diagnóstico , Voluntários Saudáveis , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão Ocular/diagnóstico , Tonometria Ocular
17.
Ophthalmol Glaucoma ; 7(2): 168-176, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37783273

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the trans-lamina cribrosa pressure difference (TLCPD) in a cohort of normal community-based patients and the relationship to primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging. PARTICIPANTS: The Mayo Clinic Study of Aging is a prospective study evaluating the normal aging population. METHODS: Mayo Clinic Study of Aging patients who underwent routine lumbar puncture (LP) studies with eye examinations were reviewed. The trans-lamina cribrosa pressure difference was calculated in 2 contexts of intraocular pressure (IOP): (1) maximum IOP at eye visit closest in time to the LP (closest-in-time TLCPD); and (2) IOP before IOP-lowering treatment (pretreatment IOP and pretreatment TLCPD) in POAG and NTG patients. Glaucoma patients without POAG or NTG were excluded. Regression analyses were performed to determine the relationship with glaucoma. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: IOP, intracranial pressure, TLCPD, POAG, normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) diagnosis, glaucoma parameters. RESULTS: Five hundred forty-eight patients were analyzed. Of these, there were 38 treated glaucoma patients (14 POAG and 24 NTG) and 510 nonglaucomatous patients. Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) opening pressure was 155.0 ± 42.2 mmH2O in nonglaucomatous patients, 144.0 ± 34.0 mmH2O in POAG (P = 0.15 vs. nonglaucomatous patients), and 136.6 ± 29.3 mmH2O in NTG (P = 0.017 vs. nonglaucomatous patients). Intraocular pressure was 15.47 ± 2.9 mmHg in nonglaucomatous patients, 26.6 ± 3.7 mmHg in POAG, and 17.4 ± 3.4 mmHg in NTG. The closest-in-time TLCPD in the nonglaucomatous cohort was 4.07 ± 4.22 mmHg, which was lower than both the POAG cohort (7.19 ± 3.6 mmHg) and the NTG cohort (5.79 ± 4.5 mmHg, P = 0.04). Pretreatment TLCPD for the overall glaucoma cohort was 10.57 ± 6.1 mmHg. The POAG cohort had a higher pretreatment TLCPD (16.05 ± 5.2 mmHg) than the NTG cohort (7.37 ± 4.1 mmHg; P < 0.0001). Closest-in-time TLCPD for the nonglaucoma cohort (4.07± 4.2 mmHg) was significantly lower than pretreatment TLCPDs for both POAG (16.05 ± 5.2 mmHg; P < 0.0001) and NTG (7.37 ± 4.1 mmHg; P < 0.0001) cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: This study establishes the baseline TLCPD in a large cohort of normal, community-based patients. The differences in regression analysis between TLCPD and IOP suggests NTG pathophysiology is partially driven by TLCPD, but is also likely multifactorial. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE(S): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found in the Footnotes and Disclosures at the end of this article.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Humanos , Idoso , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/diagnóstico , Pressão Intraocular
18.
Ophthalmology ; 131(3): 302-309, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37839560

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Glaucoma is a heterogeneous group of optic neuropathies that potentially may be associated with other cerebral neurodegenerative processes leading to dementia. However, prior studies have been inconsistent. We examined dementia risks after glaucoma diagnosis in a large population-based cohort. DESIGN: National matched cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 324 730 persons diagnosed with glaucoma during 1995-2017 in Sweden and 3 247 300 age- and sex-matched population-based controls without prior dementia. METHODS: Cox regression was used to compute hazard ratios (HRs) for Alzheimer's disease (AD), vascular dementia (VaD), and all-cause dementia in persons with glaucoma compared with controls, adjusting for sociodemographic factors and comorbidities. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Alzheimer's disease, VaD, and all-cause dementia identified from nationwide inpatient and outpatient diagnoses through 2018. RESULTS: In 16 million person-years of follow-up, 32 339 persons (10%) with glaucoma and 226 896 controls (7%) were diagnosed with dementia. Persons with glaucoma had increased risks for AD (adjusted HR, 1.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.35-1.43), VaD (1.66; 1.61-1.72), and all-cause dementia (1.57; 1.54-1.59). Among glaucoma subtypes, both primary open-angle and normal-tension glaucoma were associated with increased risk for AD (adjusted HR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.27-1.36; and 1.28; 1.20-1.36, respectively) and VaD (1.61; 1.54-1.68; and 1.39; 1.28-1.50, respectively), whereas primary angle-closure glaucoma was associated with VaD (1.26; 1.02-1.56) but not AD (0.98; 0.82-1.18). These findings were similar in men and women. All risks were highest in persons diagnosed with glaucoma at ages ≥ 70 years and were not elevated for ages < 60 years. CONCLUSIONS: In this large national cohort, persons with glaucoma had increased risks for AD, VaD, and all-cause dementia, particularly those diagnosed with glaucoma at older ages. Persons with glaucoma may need increased monitoring for dementia to facilitate earlier detection and treatment. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE(S): The author(s) have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Demência Vascular , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Demência Vascular/complicações , Demência Vascular/diagnóstico , Demência Vascular/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Fatores de Risco
19.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 262(1): 191-201, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37624385

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) control and identify the factors associated with failure of initial Ex-PRESS surgery in patients with open-angle glaucoma for 3 years. METHODS: A total of 79 patients with medically uncontrolled open-angle glaucoma (55 normal-tension glaucoma and 24 primary open-angle glaucoma) were enrolled. All patients underwent Ex-PRESS implantation (including combined cataract surgery). The outcome measure was the survival rate using life table analysis, the failure was defined as IOP of > 18 mmHg (criterion A), > 15 mmHg (criterion B) or > 12 mmHg (criterion C) and/or IOP reduction of < 20% from baseline (each criterion) without any glaucoma medications. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify risk factors for IOP management defined as the above criterion.  RESULTS: The mean preoperative IOP was 19.3 ± 5.8 mmHg. At 36 months, the mean IOP was 11.8 ± 3.6 mmHg with a mean IOP change of 7.5 mmHg (reduction rate 39.0%). The cumulative probability of success was 58% (95%CI: 42-64%) (criterion A), 48% (95%CI: 37-59%) (criterion B) and 30% (95%CI: 20-40%) (criterion C). In multivariate analyses, factors that predicted poor IOP control included the intervention of bleb needling after 6 months after the surgery (HR: 2.43; 95%CI: 1.35-4.37; P = 0.032). Transient hypotony was observed in 4 patients. CONCLUSION: The implementation of bleb needling after Ex-PRESS surgery in the late postoperative period was suggested to be the main risk factor for achieving lower IOP.


Assuntos
Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Trabeculectomia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/complicações , Seguimentos , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/diagnóstico , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/cirurgia , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/complicações , Drenagem , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Korean J Ophthalmol ; 38(1): 51-63, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38110184

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the difference in the vascular parameters of perfusion in the optic nerve head in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) across disease stages using optical coherence tomography angiography and its correlation with peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 83 eyes with varying stages of NTG (25 mild, 31 moderate, and 27 severe) and 90 healthy eyes were enrolled. The perfusion density (PD) and flux index (FI) of the optic nerve head divided into four sectors were determined. We compared the vascular, structural, and functional parameters between normal and glaucomatous eyes and performed a subgroup analysis among the NTG stages. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to assess the topographic correlation between vascular parameters and RNFL thickness. RESULTS: PD and FI were significantly decreased in the NTG group. Subgroup analysis revealed a significant decrease in vascular parameters in most regions in the NTG group, except for the nasal PD and temporal FI. Post hoc analysis showed a significant decrease in PD in the inferior region across all severity levels (mild vs. moderate, p = 0.012; moderate vs. severe, p = 0.012; mild vs. severe, p < 0.001). PD and FI were strongly correlated with RNFL thickness in all quadrants (all p < 0.001), with the strongest correlation observed in the inferior region. CONCLUSIONS: Vascular parameters were significantly decreased in glaucomatous eyes, and the degree of decrease in vascular parameters was proportional to glaucoma severity. Peripapillary perfusion analysis using optical coherence tomography angiography may complement other measurements used for glaucoma diagnosis.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Humanos , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Campos Visuais , Células Ganglionares da Retina , Perfusão , Angiografia , Pressão Intraocular
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