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1.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(1): 29-39, 2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615163

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a common neuropathic pain. Voltage-gated potassium channel (Kv) has been confirmed to be involved in the occurrence and development of TN, but the specific mechanism is still unclear. MicroRNA may be involved in neuropathic pain by regulating the expression of Kv channels and neuronal excitability in trigeminal ganglion (TG). This study aims to explore the relationship between Kv1.1 and miR-21-5p in TG with a TN model, evaluate whether miR-21-5p has a regulatory effect on Kv1.1, and to provide a new target and experimental basis for the treatment of TN. METHODS: A total of 48 SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: 1) a sham group (n=12), the rats were only sutured at the surgical incision without nerve ligation; 2) a sham+agomir NC group (n=6), the sham rats were microinjected with agomir NC through stereotactic brain injection in the surgical side of TG; 3) a sham+miR-21-5p agomir group (n=6), the sham rats were microinjected with miR-21-5p agomir via stereotactic brain injection in the surgical side of TG; 4) a TN group (n=12), a TN rat model was constructed using the chronic constriction injury of the distal infraorbital nerve (dIoN-CCI) method with chromium intestinal thread; 5) a TN+antagonist NC group (n=6), TN rats were microinjected with antagonist NC through stereotactic brain injection method in the surgical side of TG; 6) a TN+miR-21-5p antagonist group (n=6), TN rats were microinjected with miR-21-5p antagonist through stereotactic brain injection in the surgical side of TG. The change of mechanical pain threshold in rats of each group after surgery was detected. The expressions of Kv1.1 and miR-21-5p in the operative TG of rats were detected by Western blotting and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Dual luciferase reporter genes were used to determine whether there was a target relationship between Kv1.1 and miR-21-5p and whether miR-21-5p directly affected the 3'-UTR terminal of KCNA1. The effect of brain stereotaxic injection was evaluated by immunofluorescence assay, and then the analogue of miR-21-5p (agomir) and agomir NC were injected into the TG of rats in the sham group by brain stereotaxic apparatus to overexpress miR-21-5p. The miR-21-5p inhibitor (antagomir) and antagomir NC were injected into TG of rats in the TN group to inhibit the expression of miR-21-5p. The behavioral changes of rats before and after administration were observed, and the expression changes of miR-21-5p and Kv1.1 in TG of rats after intervention were detected. RESULTS: Compared with the baseline pain threshold, the facial mechanical pain threshold of rats in the TN group was significantly decreased from the 5th to 15th day after the surgery (P<0.05), and the facial mechanical pain threshold of rats in the sham group was stable at the normal level, which proved that the dIoN-CCI model was successfully constructed. Compared with the sham group, the expression of Kv1.1 mRNA and protein in TG of the TN group was down-regulated (both P<0.05), and the expression of miR-21-5p was up-regulated (P<0.05). The results of dual luciferase report showed that the luciferase activity of rno-miR-21-5p mimics and KCNA1 WT transfected with 6 nmol/L or 20 nmol/L were significantly decreased compared with those transfected with mimic NC and wild-type KCNA1 WT, respectively (P<0.001). Compared with low dose rno-miR-21-5p mimics (6 nmol/L) co-transfection group, the relative activity of luciferase in the high dose rno-miR-21-5p mimics (20 nmol/L) cotransfection group was significantly decreased (P<0.001). The results of immunofluorescence showed that drugs were accurately injected into TG through stereotaxic brain. After the expression of miR-21-5p in the TN group, the mechanical pain threshold and the expression of Kv1.1 mRNA and protein in TG were increased. After overexpression of miR-21-5p in the sham group, the mechanical pain threshold and the expression of Kv1.1 mRNA and protein in TG were decreased. CONCLUSIONS: Both Kv1.1 and miR-21-5p are involved in TN and miR-21-5p can regulate Kv1.1 expression by binding to the 3'-UTR of KCNA1.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neuralgia , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Antagomirs , Neuralgia/genética , Luciferases , RNA Mensageiro , MicroRNAs/genética
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 1073-1081, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621914

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of Bupleuri Radix-Paeoniae Radix Alba medicated plasma on HepG2 hepatoma cells by regulating the microRNA-1297(miR-1297)/phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10(PTEN) signaling axis. Real-time quantitative PCR(RT-qPCR) was carried out to determine the mRNA levels of miR-1297 and PTEN in different hepatoma cell lines. The dual luciferase reporter assay was employed to verify the targeted interaction between miR-1297 and PTEN. The cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) was used to detect cell proliferation, and the optimal concentration and intervention time of the medicated plasma were determined. The cell invasion and migration were examined by Transwell assay and wound healing assay. Cell cycle distribution was detected by PI staining, and the apoptosis of cells was detected by Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining. The mRNA levels of miR-1297, PTEN, protein kinase B(Akt), and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K) were determined by RT-qPCR. Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of PTEN, Akt, p-Akt, caspase-3, caspase-9, B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), and Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax). The results showed that HepG2 cells were the best cell line for subsequent experiments. The dual luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-1297 could bind to the 3'-untranslated region(3'UTR) in the mRNA of PTEN. The medicated plasma inhibited the proliferation of HepG2 cells, and the optimal intervention concentration and time were 20% and 72 h. Compared with the blank plasma, the Bupleuri Radix-Paeoniae Radix Alba medicated plasma, miR-1297 inhibitor, miR-1297 inhibitor + medicated plasma all inhibited the proliferation, invasion, and migration of HepG2 cells, increased the proportion of cells in the G_0/G_1 phase, decreased the proportion of cells in the S phase, and increased the apoptosis rate. The medicated plasma down-regulated the mRNA levels of miR-1297, PI3K, and Akt and up-regulated the mRNA level of PTEN. In addition, it up-regulated the protein levels of PTEN, Bax, caspase-3, and caspsae-9 and down-regulated the protein levels of p-Akt, p-PI3K, and Bcl-2. In conclusion, Bupleuri Radix-Paeoniae Radix Alba medicated plasma can inhibit the expression of miR-1297 in HepG2 hepatoma cells, promote the expression of PTEN, and negatively regulate PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and inducing the apoptosis of HepG2 cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Neoplasias Hepáticas , MicroRNAs , Paeonia , Extratos Vegetais , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro , Luciferases/metabolismo , Luciferases/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
3.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2795: 43-53, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594526

RESUMO

The pace of circadian rhythms remains relatively unchanged across a physiologically relevant range of temperatures, a phenomenon known as temperature compensation. Temperature compensation is a defining characteristic of circadian rhythms, ensuring that clock-regulated processes occur at approximately the same time of day across a wide range of conditions. Despite the identification of several genes involved in the regulation of temperature compensation, the molecular mechanisms underlying this process are still not well understood. High-throughput assays of circadian period are essential for the investigation of temperature compensation. In this chapter, we present a luciferase imaging-based method that enables robust and accurate examination of temperature compensation in the plant circadian clock.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Relógios Circadianos , Temperatura , Relógios Circadianos/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Ritmo Circadiano/genética , Luciferases/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética
4.
Nanotheranostics ; 8(3): 285-297, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577322

RESUMO

Rationale: Microbubble (MB) contrast agents combined with ultrasound targeted microbubble cavitation (UTMC) are a promising platform for site-specific therapeutic oligonucleotide delivery. We investigated UTMC-mediated delivery of siRNA directed against epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) via a novel MB-liposome complex (LPX). Methods: LPXs were constructed by conjugation of cationic liposomes to the surface of C4F10 gas-filled lipid MBs using biotin/avidin chemistry, then loaded with siRNA via electrostatic interaction. Luciferase-expressing SCC-VII cells (SCC-VII-Luc) were cultured in Petri dishes. The Petri dishes were filled with media in which LPXs loaded with siRNA against firefly luciferase (Luc siRNA) were suspended. Ultrasound (US) (1 MHz, 100-µs pulse, 10% duty cycle) was delivered to the dishes for 10 sec at varying acoustic pressures and luciferase assay was performed 24 hr later. In vivo siRNA delivery was studied in SCC-VII tumor-bearing mice intravenously infused with a 0.5 mL saline suspension of EGFR siRNA LPX (7×108 LPX, ~30 µg siRNA) for 20 min during concurrent US (1 MHz, 0.5 MPa spatial peak temporal peak negative pressure, five 100-µs pulses every 1 ms; each pulse train repeated every 2 sec to allow reperfusion of LPX into the tumor). Mice were sacrificed 2 days post treatment and tumor EGFR expression was measured (Western blot). Other mice (n=23) received either EGFR siRNA-loaded LPX + UTMC or negative control (NC) siRNA-loaded LPX + UTMC on days 0 and 3, or no treatment ("sham"). Tumor volume was serially measured by high-resolution 3D US imaging. Results: Luc siRNA LPX + UTMC caused significant luciferase knockdown vs. no treatment control, p<0.05) in SCC-VII-Luc cells at acoustic pressures 0.25 MPa to 0.9 MPa, while no significant silencing effect was seen at lower pressure (0.125 MPa). In vivo, EGFR siRNA LPX + UTMC reduced tumor EGFR expression by ~30% and significantly inhibited tumor growth by day 9 (~40% decrease in tumor volume vs. NC siRNA LPX + UTMC, p<0.05). Conclusions: Luc siRNA LPXs + UTMC achieved functional delivery of Luc siRNA to SCC-VII-Luc cells in vitro. EGFR siRNA LPX + UTMC inhibited tumor growth and suppressed EGFR expression in vivo, suggesting that this platform holds promise for non-invasive, image-guided targeted delivery of therapeutic siRNA for cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Lipossomos , Animais , Camundongos , Lipossomos/química , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Microbolhas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Receptores ErbB/genética , Luciferases
5.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 44(3): 578-584, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597450

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regulatory role of miR-26b-3p in proliferation, migration and invasion of glioma. METHODS: The expressions of miR-26b-3p and cAMP-responsive element binding protein 1 (CREB1) in gliomas of different pathological grades were detected with RT-qPCR and Western blotting. Bioinformatic methods were used to analyze the target sequence of miRNA-26b-3p binding to CREB1, and dual luciferase gene reporter experiment was performed to explore the mechanism for targeted regulation of CREB1 by miR-26b-3p. Glioma U251 cells were treated with miR-26b-3p mimic or inhibitor, and the changes in CREB1 expression and cell proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis were determined with Western blotting, CCK-8 assay, wound healing assay, Transwell assay, and flow cytometry. RESULTS: The expression of miR-26b-3p decreased while CREB1 expression increased significantly as the pathological grade of gliomas increased (P < 0.05). Dual luciferase gene reporter experiment confirmed that CREB1 was a downstream target of miR-26b-3p. Inhibition of miR-26b-3p significantly upregulated the expression of CERB1, suppressed apoptosis and promoted proliferation and invasion of glioma cells, and overexpression of miR-26b-3p produced the opposite effects (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: MiR-26b-3p regulates CREB1 expression to modulate apoptosis, proliferation, migration and invasion of glioma cells, thereby participating in tumorigenesis and progression of glioma.


Assuntos
Glioma , MicroRNAs , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Glioma/genética , Glioma/patologia , Apoptose/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Luciferases/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/metabolismo
6.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 325, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-coding RNA is a key epigenetic regulation factor during skeletal muscle development and postnatal growth, and miR-542-3p was reported to be conserved and highly expressed in the skeletal muscle among different species. However, its exact functions in the proliferation of muscle stem cells and myogenesis remain to be determined. METHODS: Transfection of proliferative and differentiated C2C12 cells used miR-542-3p mimic and inhibitor. RT-qPCR, EdU staining, immunofluorescence staining, cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8), and Western blot were used to evaluate the proliferation and myogenic differentiation caused by miR-542-3p. The dual luciferase reporter analysis and rescued experiment of the target gene were used to reveal the molecular mechanism. RESULTS: The data shows overexpression of miR-542-3p downregulation of mRNA and protein levels of proliferation marker genes, reduction of EdU+ cells, and cellular vitality. Additionally, knocking it down promoted the aforementioned phenotypes. For differentiation, the miR-542-3p gain-of-function reduced both mRNA and protein levels of myogenic genes, including MYOG, MYOD1, et al. Furthermore, immunofluorescence staining immunized by MYHC antibody showed that the myotube number, fluorescence intensity, differentiation index, and myotube fusion index all decreased in the miR-542-3p mimic group, compared with the control group. Conversely, these phenotypes exhibited an increased trend in the miR-542-3p inhibitor group. Mechanistically, phosphatase and tensin homolog (Pten) was identified as the bona fide target gene of miR-542-3p by dual luciferase reporter gene assay, si-Pten combined with miR-542-3p inhibitor treatments totally rescued the promotion of proliferation by loss-function of miR-542-3p. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that miR-542-3p inhibits the proliferation and differentiation of myoblast and Pten is a dependent target gene of miR-542-3p in myoblast proliferation, but not in differentiation.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , Mioblastos , Luciferases/genética , Luciferases/metabolismo
7.
Commun Biol ; 7(1): 442, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600349

RESUMO

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) signalling integrates biological processes that sense and respond to environmental, dietary, and metabolic challenges to ensure tissue homeostasis. AHR is a transcription factor that is inactive in the cytosol but upon encounter with ligand translocates to the nucleus and drives the expression of AHR targets, including genes of the cytochrome P4501 family of enzymes such as Cyp1a1. To dynamically visualise AHR activity in vivo, we generated reporter mice in which firefly luciferase (Fluc) was non-disruptively targeted into the endogenous Cyp1a1 locus. Exposure of these animals to FICZ, 3-MC or to dietary I3C induced strong bioluminescence signal and Cyp1a1 expression in many organs including liver, lung and intestine. Longitudinal studies revealed that AHR activity was surprisingly long-lived in the lung, with sustained Cyp1a1 expression evident in discrete populations of cells including columnar epithelia around bronchioles. Our data link diet to lung physiology and also reveal the power of bespoke Cyp1a1-Fluc reporters to longitudinally monitor AHR activity in vivo.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1 , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico , Camundongos , Animais , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/metabolismo , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/genética , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/metabolismo , Luciferases/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo
8.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2797: 211-225, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570462

RESUMO

Missense mutations in the RAS family of oncogenes (HRAS, KRAS, and NRAS) are present in approximately 20% of human cancers, making RAS a valuable therapeutic target (Prior et al., Cancer Res 80:2969-2974, 2020). Although decades of research efforts to develop therapeutic inhibitors of RAS were unsuccessful, there has been success in recent years with the entrance of FDA-approved KRASG12C-specific inhibitors to the clinic (Skoulidis et al., N Engl J Med 384:2371-2381, 2021; Jänne et al., N Engl J Med 387:120-131, 2022). Additionally, KRASG12D-specific inhibitors are presently undergoing clinical trials (Wang et al., J Med Chem 65:3123-3133, 2022). The advent of these allele specific inhibitors has disproved the previous notion that RAS is undruggable. Despite these advancements in RAS-targeted therapeutics, several RAS mutants that frequently arise in cancers remain without tractable drugs. Thus, it is critical to further understand the function and biology of RAS in cells and to develop tools to identify novel therapeutic vulnerabilities for development of anti-RAS therapeutics. To do this, we have exploited the use of monobody (Mb) technology to develop specific protein-based inhibitors of selected RAS isoforms and mutants (Spencer-Smith et al., Nat Chem Biol 13:62-68, 2017; Khan et al., Cell Rep 38:110322, 2022; Wallon et al., Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 119:e2204481119, 2022; Khan et al., Small GTPases 13:114-127, 2021; Khan et al., Oncogene 38:2984-2993, 2019). Herein, we describe our combined use of Mbs and NanoLuc Binary Technology (NanoBiT) to analyze RAS protein-protein interactions and to screen for RAS-binding small molecules in live-cell, high-throughput assays.


Assuntos
Luciferases , Neoplasias , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras) , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Oncogenes , Comunicação Celular , Mutação
9.
Life Sci ; 345: 122592, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554947

RESUMO

Osteoporosis, characterized by bone metabolism disruption leading to gradual bone loss and increased fracture susceptibility, is linked to the excessive activation of osteoclasts. Pseudolaric acid B (PAB), identified as an NF-κB signaling inhibitor crucial for osteoclastogenesis, is explored here for its protective effects in osteoporosis. Noncytotoxic PAB's impact on osteoclast differentiation was assessed through cell viability and osteoclast formation assays, with subsequent testing of osteoclast function via bone resorption assays. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction evaluated PAB's genetic-level impact on osteoclastogenesis. Network pharmacology, western blot, and luciferase reporter gene assays were employed to elucidate PAB's regulatory mechanism. In an in vivo model of osteoporosis induced by ovariectomy (OVX) in mice, micro-CT, H&E staining, and TRAP staining facilitated histomorphometry analysis, while flow cytometry verified macrophage polarization. PAB demonstrated inhibitory effects on osteoclast formation and bone resorption in BMM and RAW264.7 cells, suppressing osteoclast-specific genes. Bioinformatic analysis, western blot, and luciferase assay results indicated PAB's inhibition of IκBα phosphorylation in the NF-κB signaling pathway and ERK in MAPKs, elucidating its mechanism. In vivo experiments confirmed PAB's attenuation of osteoporosis by reducing osteoclast formation in OVX mice. PAB further facilitated macrophage conversion from M1 to M2 and suppressed IL-1ß, TNF-α, and IL-6 synthesis. In conclusion, PAB prevents osteoporosis by inhibiting RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis through NF-κB and ERK signaling pathway suppression, coupled with macrophage polarization. These findings indicate the potential therapeutic role of PAB in osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Diterpenos , Osteoporose , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Osteoclastos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Transdução de Sinais , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Luciferases/metabolismo , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Ovariectomia
10.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2784: 285-299, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38502493

RESUMO

To date, CRISPR-based DNA targeting approaches have typically used fusion proteins between full fluorescent reporters and catalytically inactive Cas9 (dCas9) for imaging rather than detection of endogenous genomic DNA sequences. A promising alternative strategy for DNA targeting is the direct biosensing of user-defined sequences at single copy with single-cell resolution. Our recently described DNA biosensing approach using a dual fusion protein biosensor comprised of two independently optimized fragments of NanoLuc luciferase (NLuc) directionally fused to dCas9 paired with user-defined single-guide RNAs (sgRNAs) could allow users to sensitively detect unique copies of a target sequence in individual living cells using common laboratory equipment such as a microscope or a luminescence-equipped microplate reader. Here we describe a protocol for using such a DNA biosensor noninvasively in situ.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , RNA Guia de Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Sequência de Bases , DNA/genética , DNA/metabolismo , Luciferases/genética , Luciferases/metabolismo , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética
11.
Crit Rev Eukaryot Gene Expr ; 34(4): 13-23, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38505869

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) severely affects human health, and cisplatin (DDP) resistance is the main obstacle in LUAD treatment, the mechanism of which is unknown. Bioinformatics methods were utilized to predict expression and related pathways of AURKB in LUAD tissues, as well as the upstream regulated microRNAs. qRT-PCR assayed expression of AURKB and microRNA-486-5p. RIP and dual-luciferase experiments verified the binding and interaction between the two genes. CCK-8 was used to detect cell proliferation ability and IC50 values. Flow cytometry was utilized to assess the cell cycle. Comet assay and western blot tested DNA damage and γ-H2AX protein expression, respectively. In LUAD, AURKB was upregulated, but microRNA-486-5p was downregulated. The targeted relationship between the two was confirmed by RIP and dual-luciferase experiments. Cell experiments showed that AURKB knock-down inhibited cell proliferation, reduced IC50 values, induced cell cycle arrest, and caused DNA damage. The rescue experiment presented that high expression of microRNA-486-5p could weaken the impact of AURKB overexpression on LUAD cell behavior and DDP resistance. microRNA-486-5p regulated DNA damage to inhibit DDP resistance in LUAD by targeting AURKB, implying that microRNA-486-5p/AURKB axis may be a possible therapeutic target for DDP resistance in LUAD patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Dano ao DNA , MicroRNAs/genética , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Luciferases , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Aurora Quinase B
12.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 103(3): e14488, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472166

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is a prevalent malignancy among women worldwide. As an anticancer drug of pyrimidine nucleoside analogs, gemcitabine can be used to treat BC, but its clinical application is restricted due to drug resistance. This study investigated the effect of serum exosomal microRNA-3662 (miR-3662) on gemcitabine resistance in BC cells by targeting RNA-Binding Motif Single-Stranded Interacting Protein 3 (RBMS3) and related molecular mechanisms. We performed the bioinformatics analyses on the differential miRNAs in BC and predicted the downstream regulators. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was conducted to determine miR-3662 and RBMS3 expression, while dual luciferase was conducted to confirme the regulatory relationship between them. Flow cytometry, cell counting kit-8, and transwell assays were applied to assess apoptosis, cell viability, invasion, and migration. The expression of marker proteins (TSG101, CD63, and CD81) in patients' serum exosomes was evaluated through western blot, and exosomes were observed using transmission electron microscopy. miR-3662 expression was significantly upregulated in BC, and miR-3662 knockdown significantly reduced BC cell viability and gemcitabine resistance. As the downstream gene of miR-3662, RBMS3 was significantly downregulated in BC, and dual luciferase assay verified the binding of RBMS3-3'UTR to miR-3662. Rescue experiments revealed that silencing RBMS3 reversed the inhibitory effect of miR-3662 knockdown on BC cells. Besides, we also found that miR-3662 expression was significantly low in serum exosome samples from BC patients and could be transmitted to tumor cells. miR-3662 was upregulated in serum exosomes and promoted BC cell progression and gemcitabine resistance by targeting RBMS3.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Feminino , Gencitabina , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , MicroRNAs/genética , Luciferases , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA
13.
PeerJ ; 12: e17139, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525280

RESUMO

Background: The prevention and prediction of sudden cardiac death (SCD) present persistent challenges, prompting exploration into common genetic variations for potential insights. T-box 5 (TBX5), a critical cardiac transcription factor, plays a pivotal role in cardiovascular development and function. This study systematically examined variants within the 500-bp region downstream of the TBX5 gene, focusing on their potential impact on susceptibility to SCD associated with coronary artery disease (SCD-CAD) in four different Chinese Han populations. Methods: In a comprehensive case-control analysis, we explored the association between rs11278315 and SCD-CAD susceptibility using a cohort of 553 controls and 201 SCD-CAD cases. Dual luciferase reporter assays and genotype-phenotype correlation studies using human cardiac tissue samples as well as integrated in silicon analysis were applied to explore the underlining mechanism. Result: Binary logistic regression results underscored a significantly reduced risk of SCD-CAD in individuals harboring the deletion allele (odds ratio = 0.70, 95% CI [0.55-0.88], p = 0.0019). Consistent with the lower transcriptional activity of the deletion allele observed in dual luciferase reporter assays, genotype-phenotype correlation studies on human cardiac tissue samples affirmed lower expression levels associated with the deletion allele at both mRNA and protein levels. Furthermore, our investigation revealed intriguing insights into the role of rs11278315 in TBX5 alternative splicing, which may contribute to alterations in its ultimate functional effects, as suggested by sQTL analysis. Gene ontology analysis and functional annotation further underscored the potential involvement of TBX5 in alternative splicing and cardiac-related transcriptional regulation. Conclusions: In summary, our current dataset points to a plausible correlation between rs11278315 and susceptibility to SCD-CAD, emphasizing the potential of rs11278315 as a genetic risk marker for aiding in molecular diagnosis and risk stratification of SCD-CAD.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita Cardíaca , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genótipo , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , China/epidemiologia , Luciferases/genética
14.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6568, 2024 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503887

RESUMO

While Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate-induced protein 1 (Noxa/PMAIP1) assumes a pivotal role in numerous tumors, its clinical implications and underlying mechanisms of gastric cancer (GC) are yet enigmatic. In this investigation, our primary objective was to scrutinize the clinical relevance and potential mechanisms of Noxa in gastric cancer. Immunohistochemical analysis was conducted on tissue microarrays comprising samples from a meticulously characterized cohort of 84 gastric cancer patients, accompanied by follow-up data, to assess the expression of Noxa. Additionally, Noxa expression levels in gastric cancer clinical samples and cell lines were measured through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot analysis. The effect of Noxa expression on the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier survival. Further insight into the role of Noxa in driving gastric cancer progression was gained through an array of experimental techniques, including cell viability assays (CCK8), plate cloning assays, transwell assays, scratch assays, and real-time cell analysis (RTCA). Potential upstream microRNAs (miRNAs) that might modulate Noxa were identified through rigorous bioinformatics analysis, substantiated by luciferase reporter assays and Western blot experiments. Additionally, we utilized RNA sequencing, qRT-PCR, and Western blot to identify proteins binding to Noxa and potential downstream target. Finally, we utilized BALB/c nude mice to explore the role of Noxa in vivo. Our investigation unveiled a marked downregulation of Noxa expression in gastric cancer and underscored its significance as a pivotal prognostic factor influencing overall survival (OS). Noxa overexpression exerted a substantial inhibitory effect on the proliferation, migration and invasion of GC cells. Bioinformatic analysis and dual luciferase reporter assays unveiled the capacity of hsa-miR-200b-3p to interact with the 3'-UTR of Noxa mRNA, thereby orchestrating a downregulation of Noxa expression in vitro, consequently promoting tumor progression in GC. Our transcriptome analysis, coupled with mechanistic validation, elucidated a role for Noxa in modulating the expression of ZNF519 in the Mitophagy-animal pathway. The depletion of ZNF519 effectively reversed the oncogenic attributes induced by Noxa. Upregulation of Noxa expression suppressed the tumorigenesis of GC in vivo. The current investigation sheds light on the pivotal role of the hsa-miR-200b-3p/Noxa/ZNF519 axis in elucidating the pathogenesis of gastric cancer, offering a promising avenue for targeted therapeutic interventions in the management of this challenging malignancy.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Gástricas , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Luciferases/metabolismo , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
15.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(8): e18234, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38520214

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is characterized by the activation and transformation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) induced by various injury factors. The degree of liver fibrosis can be significantly improved, but persistent injury factors present a significant therapeutic challenge. Hepatocytes are the most important parenchymal cell type in the liver. In this study, we explored the molecular mechanisms by which damaged liver cells activate HSCs through extracellular vesicles. We established a coculture model of LO2 and LX2 and validated its exosomal transmission activity. Subsequently, differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) were screened through RNA sequencing and their mechanisms of action as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) further confirmed using biological methods, such as FISH and luciferase assays. Damaged liver cells induced activation of LX2 and upregulation of liver fibrosis-related markers. Exosomes extracted and identified from the supernatant fraction contained differentially expressed lncRNA cytoskeleton regulator RNA (CYTOR) that competed with microRNA-125 (miR-125) for binding to glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in HSCs, in turn, promoting LX2 activation. MiR-125 could target and regulate both CYTOR and GDNF and vice versa, as verified using the luciferase assay. In an in vivo model, damaged liver extracellular vesicles induced the formation of liver fibrosis. Notably, downregulation of CYTOR within extracellular vesicles effectively inhibited liver fibrosis. The lncRNA CYTOR in exosomes of damaged liver cells is upregulated and modulates the expression of downstream GDNF through activity as a ceRNA, providing an effective mechanism for activation of HSCs.


Assuntos
Exossomos , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado de Linhagem de Célula Glial/metabolismo , Exossomos/genética , Exossomos/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Luciferases/metabolismo
16.
Turk Neurosurg ; 34(2): 299-307, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497183

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the post-translational regulation of TRPV1, which plays an important role in neuropathic low back pain (NLBP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: qPCR was used to examine the gene mRNA levels. Western blot was used to examine the protein level. NLBP rat model was established for confirming what we observed in clinical samples. Dual-luciferase assay was used to verify the miR-199 targets on the 3'UTR of TRPV1. Cell coculture was used to explore the interaction between macrophages and nerve cells. RESULTS: We found the mRNA level of TRVP1 decreased in the sinuvertebral nerve biopsy of NLBP. With bioinformatics prediction, miR199 would involve the post-transcription regulation of TRPV1. As the prediction, the miR199 level decreased in the clinical samples. Correlation regression analysis showed a negative correlation between miR-199 and TRPV1. The same phenomenon was confirmed in the rat NLBP model. With dual-luciferase assay, we confirmed that miR199 directly binds to the 3'UTR of TRPV1. Through co-culture of macrophage (THP1) and sNF96.2, we found that up or down-regulates miR-199 in macrophage and sNF96.2 could relieve or aggravate the injury of nerve cells strain. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the occurrence of NLBP may be caused by the lower expression of miR-199 in macrophages and nerve via TRPV1.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , MicroRNAs , Neuralgia , Animais , Humanos , Ratos , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Citocinas , Luciferases/genética , Luciferases/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neuralgia/genética
17.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 209: 108544, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38520965

RESUMO

Flower abscission is an important developmental process that can significantly reduce the yield of horticultural plants. We previously reported that SmMYB113 is a key transcription factor promoting anthocyanin biosynthesis and improve fruit quality. However, the overexpression of SmMYB113 in eggplant increased flower drop rate and reduced fruit yield. Here, we elucidate the regulatory mechanisms of SmMYB113 on flower abscission in eggplant. RNA-seq analysis indicated that the regulation of flower abscission by SmMYB113 was associated with altered expression of genes related to ethylene biosynthesis and signal transduction, including ethylene biosynthetic genes SmACS1, SmACS8 and SmACO4. Then, the ethylene content in flowers and the function of ethephon (ETH, which promotes fruit ripening) and 1-Methylcyclopropene (1-MCP, which acts as an ethylene perception inhibitor) were analyzed, which revealed that SmMYB113 directly regulates ethylene-dependent flower abscission. Yeast one-hybrid and dual-luciferase assays revealed that SmMYB113 could directly bind to the promoters of SmACS1, SmACS8, and SmACO4 to activate their expression. Through construction of a yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) screening library, the protein SmERF38 was found to interact with SmMYB113, and verified by Y2H, bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC), and luciferase complementation assay. Furthermore, dual-luciferase assays showed that SmERF38 enhanced the role of SmMYB113 on the promoters of SmACS1. Our results provided new insight into the molecular mechanism of flower abscission in eggplant.


Assuntos
Solanum melongena , Fatores de Transcrição , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Solanum melongena/genética , Solanum melongena/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Etilenos/metabolismo , Flores/metabolismo , Luciferases/genética , Luciferases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
18.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 33(5): 107670, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying brain injury resulting from intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remain incompletely elucidated, and efficacious therapeutic interventions to enhance the prognosis of ICH patients are currently lacking. Previous research indicates that MicroRNA-7 (miR-7) can suppress the expression of Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), thereby modulating neuroinflammation in Parkinson's disease pathogenesis. However, the potential regulatory effects miR-7 on NLRP3 inflammasome after ICH are yet to be established. This study aims to ascertain whether miR-7 mitigates secondary brain injury following experimental ICH by inhibiting NLRP3 and to investigate the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: An ICH model was established by stereotaxically injecting 100 µL of autologous blood into the right basal ganglia of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Subsequently, these rats were allocated into three groups: sham, ICH + Vehicle, and ICH + miR-7, each comprising 18 animals. Twelve hours post-modeling, rats received intraventricular injections of 10 µL physiological saline, 10 µL phosphate, and 10 µL phosphate-buffered saline solution containing 0.5 nmol of miR-7 mimics, respectively. Neurological function was assessed on day three post-modeling, followed by euthanasia for brain tissue collection. Brain water content was determined using the dry-wet weight method. The expression of inflammatory cytokines in cerebral tissues surrounding the hematoma was analyzed through immunohistochemistry and Western blot assays. These cytokines were re-evaluated using Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). Moreover, bioinformatics tools were employed to predict miR-7's binding to NLRP3. A wild-type luciferase reporter gene vector and a corresponding mutant vector were constructed, followed by transfection of miR-7 mimics into HEK293T cells to assess luciferase activity. RESULTS: Our study demonstrates that the administration of miR-7 mimics markedly reduced neurological function scores and attenuated brain edema in rats following ICH. A significant upregulation of NLRP3 expression in microglia/macrophage adjacent to the hematoma was observed, substantially reduced after the treatment with miR-7 mimics. Furthermore, this intervention ameliorated neurodegenerative changes and effectively decreased the protein and mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, namely TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and Caspase1, in the cerebral tissues proximate to the hematomas. In addition, miR-7 mimics distinctly inhibited the luciferase activity associated with the wild-type reporter gene, an effect not mirrored in its mutant variant. CONCLUSIONS: The miR-7 suppressed NLRP3 expression in microglia/macrophage to reduce the production of inflammatory cytokines, leading to conducting certain neuroprotection post-ICH in rats.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas NLR , Células HEK293 , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , MicroRNAs/genética , Lesões Encefálicas/etiologia , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Hematoma/complicações , Luciferases/uso terapêutico , Fosfatos
19.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 23(4): 719-729, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441849

RESUMO

The bioluminescence system of luminescent beetles has extensive applications in biological imaging, protein labeling and drug screening. To explore wild luciferases with excellent catalytic activity and thermal stability, we cloned the luciferase of Pygoluciola qingyu, one species living in areas of high temperature and with strong bioluminescence, by combining transcriptomic sequencing and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The total length of luciferase gene is 1638 bp and the luciferase consists 544 amino acids. The recombinant P. qingyu luciferase was produced in vitro and its characteristics were compared with those of eight luciferases from China firefly species and two commercial luciferases. Compared with these luciferases, the P. qingyu luciferase shows the highest luminescence activity at room temperature (about 25-28 â„ƒ) with similar KM value for D-luciferin and ATP to the Photinus pyralis luciferase. The P. qingyu luciferase activity was highest at 35 â„ƒ and can keep high activity at 30-40 â„ƒ, which suggests the potential of P. qingyu luciferase for in vivo and cell application. Our results provide new insights into P. qingyu luciferase and give a new resource for the application of luciferases.


Assuntos
Besouros , Vaga-Lumes , Animais , Vaga-Lumes/genética , Besouros/genética , Besouros/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Luciferases/química , Luciferases de Vaga-Lume/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Medições Luminescentes
20.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1326026, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426107

RESUMO

Background: For IgA nephropathy (IgAN), tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis is the most important prognostic pathological indicator in the mesangial and endocapillary hypercellularity, segmental sclerosis, interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy, and presence of crescents (MEST-C) score. The identification of non-invasive biomarkers for tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis would aid clinical monitoring of IgAN progression and improve patient prognosis. Methods: The study included 188 patients with primary IgAN in separate confirmation and validation cohorts. The associations of miR-92a-3p, miR-425-5p, and miR-185-5p with renal histopathological lesions and prognosis were explored using Spearman correlation analysis and Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Bioinformatics analysis and dual luciferase experiments were used to identify hub genes for miR-185-5p. The fibrotic phenotypes of tubular epithelial cells were evaluated in vivo and in HK-2 cells. Results: miRNA sequencing and cohort validation revealed that the expression levels of miR-92a-3p, miR-425-5p, and miR-185-5p in urine were significantly increased among patients with IgAN; these levels could predict the extent of tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis in such patients. The combination of the three biomarkers resulted in an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.742. The renal prognosis was significantly worse in the miR-185-5p high expression group than in the low expression group (P=0.003). Renal tissue in situ hybridization, bioinformatics analysis, and dual luciferase experiments confirmed that miR-185-5p affects prognosis in patients with IgAN mainly by influencing expression of the target gene tight junction protein 1 (TJP1) in renal tubular epithelial cells. In vitro experiment revealed that an miR-185-5p mimic could reduce TJP1 expression in HK-2 cells, while increasing the levels of α-smooth muscle actin, fibronectin, collagen I, and collagen III; these changes promoted the transformation of renal tubular epithelial cells to a fibrotic phenotype. An miR-185-5p inhibitor can reverse the fibrotic phenotype in renal tubular epithelial cells. In a unilateral ureteral obstruction model, the inhibition of miR-185-5p expression alleviated tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis. Conclusion: Urinary miR-185-5p, a non-invasive biomarker of tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis in IgAN, may promote the transformation of renal tubular epithelial cells to a fibrotic phenotype via TJP1.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite por IGA , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/patologia , Biomarcadores/urina , Fibrose , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Atrofia , Colágeno , Luciferases
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