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1.
Dermatol Online J ; 29(6)2026 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478668

RESUMO

Lupus erythematosus (LE)-specific bullous lesions are often difficult to distinguish from other bullous diseases presenting in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Herein, we describe a 49-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus with recurrent tense bullae on the forearms. Clinical, histopathologic, and serologic findings led to the diagnosis of LE-specific bullous lesions. We also summarize the diagnostic clues for distinguishing LE-specific bullous lesions, bullous systemic lupus erythematosus, and erythema multiforme-like lesions in LE (Rowell syndrome).


Assuntos
Eritema Multiforme , Lúpus Eritematoso Cutâneo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Dermatopatias Vesiculobolhosas , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vesícula/diagnóstico , Vesícula/etiologia , Vesícula/patologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Eritema Multiforme/diagnóstico , Eritema Multiforme/patologia , Dermatopatias Vesiculobolhosas/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias Vesiculobolhosas/patologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Cutâneo/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Cutâneo/patologia
2.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 162(7): 350-353, abril 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232084

RESUMO

Introducción: El síndrome de pulmón encogido (SPE) es una manifestación rara del lupus eritematoso sistémico. Nuestro objetivo fue describir las características clínicas, radiológicas y funcionales de una cohorte con SPE y su evolución en el tiempo.MétodosEstudio retrospectivo entre 2009 y 2018. Se recogieron datos demográficos, clínicos, funcionales, radiológicos y de tratamiento.ResultadosDe un total de 225 pacientes, 11 presentaron SPE (prevalencia del 4,8%). Dos fueron excluidos. La edad media fue 39,33±16 años, 6 eran mujeres. Los síntomas principales fueron la disnea y el dolor pleurítico. La capacidad vital forzada media fue del 49%, la capacidad pulmonar total del 60%, la capacidad de difusión de monóxido de carbono del 66%, el factor de transferencia para el monóxido de carbono del 128%, la presión inspiratoria máxima del 66% y la presión espiratoria máxima del 82%. Todos los pacientes recibieron corticosteroides. Después de una mediana de seguimiento de 19 meses, 4 casos presentaron mejoría y 4 estabilización.ConclusionesEl SPE debe tenerse presente en todo paciente lúpico con disnea de causa no evidente. Si bien suele evolucionar con mejoría, la mayoría queda con deterioro persistente a pesar del tratamiento. (AU)


Introduction: Shrinking lung syndrome (SLS) is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. Our aim was to describe the clinical, radiological, and functional characteristics of a cohort with SLS and its evolution over time.MethodsA retrospective study was conducted between 2009 and 2018. Demographic, clinical, functional, radiological, and treatment data were collected.ResultsOut of a total of 225 patients, 11 presented with SLS (prevalence of 4.8%). Two patients were excluded. The mean age was 39.33±16 years, and 6 were female. The main symptoms were dyspnea and pleuritic pain. The mean forced vital capacity was 49%, total lung capacity was 60%, carbon monoxide diffusing capacity was 66%, carbon monoxide transference factor was 128%, maximal inspiratory pressure was 66%, and maximal expiratory pressure was 82%. All patients received corticosteroids. After a median follow-up of 19 months, 4 cases showed improvement, and 4 cases remained stable.ConclusionsSLS should be considered in every lupus patient with unexplained dyspnea. Although it often shows improvement, many cases experience persistent deterioration despite treatment. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Monóxido de Carbono/uso terapêutico , Doenças do Sistema Digestório , Dispneia/etiologia , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Musculares
3.
Lupus Sci Med ; 11(1)2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589223

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop an improved score for prediction of severe infection in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), namely, the SLE Severe Infection Score-Revised (SLESIS-R) and to validate it in a large multicentre lupus cohort. METHODS: We used data from the prospective phase of RELESSER (RELESSER-PROS), the SLE register of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology. A multivariable logistic model was constructed taking into account the variables already forming the SLESIS score, plus all other potential predictors identified in a literature review. Performance was analysed using the C-statistic and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC). Internal validation was carried out using a 100-sample bootstrapping procedure. ORs were transformed into score items, and the AUROC was used to determine performance. RESULTS: A total of 1459 patients who had completed 1 year of follow-up were included in the development cohort (mean age, 49±13 years; 90% women). Twenty-five (1.7%) had experienced ≥1 severe infection. According to the adjusted multivariate model, severe infection could be predicted from four variables: age (years) ≥60, previous SLE-related hospitalisation, previous serious infection and glucocorticoid dose. A score was built from the best model, taking values from 0 to 17. The AUROC was 0.861 (0.777-0.946). The cut-off chosen was ≥6, which exhibited an accuracy of 85.9% and a positive likelihood ratio of 5.48. CONCLUSIONS: SLESIS-R is an accurate and feasible instrument for predicting infections in patients with SLE. SLESIS-R could help to make informed decisions on the use of immunosuppressants and the implementation of preventive measures.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Imunossupressores , Modelos Logísticos
4.
Lupus Sci Med ; 11(1)2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cranial neuropathies (CN) are a rare neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE) manifestation. Previous studies reported that antibodies to the kinesin family member 20B (KIF20B) (anti-KIF20B) protein were associated with idiopathic ataxia and CN. We assessed anti-KIF20B as a potential biomarker for NPSLE in an international SLE inception cohort. METHODS: Individuals fulfilling the revised 1997 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) SLE classification criteria were enrolled from 31 centres from 1999 to 2011 and followed annually in the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus International Collaborating Clinics inception cohort. Anti-KIF20B testing was performed on baseline (within 15 months of diagnosis or first annual visit) samples using an addressable laser bead immunoassay. Logistic regression (penalised maximum likelihood and adjusting for confounding variables) examined the association between anti-KIF20B and NPSLE manifestations (1999 ACR case definitions), including CN, occurring over the first 5 years of follow-up. RESULTS: Of the 1827 enrolled cohort members, baseline serum and 5 years of follow-up data were available on 795 patients who were included in this study: 29.8% were anti-KIF20B-positive, 88.7% female, and 52.1% White. The frequency of anti-KIF20B positivity differed only for those with CN (n=10) versus without CN (n=785) (70.0% vs 29.3%; OR 5.2, 95% CI 1.4, 18.5). Compared with patients without CN, patients with CN were more likely to fulfil the ACR haematological (90.0% vs 66.1%; difference 23.9%, 95% CI 5.0%, 42.8%) and ANA (100% vs 95.7%; difference 4.3%, 95% CI 2.9%, 5.8%) criteria. In the multivariate analysis adjusting for age at baseline, female, White race and ethnicity, and ACR haematological and ANA criteria, anti-KIF20B positivity remained associated with CN (OR 5.2, 95% CI 1.4, 19.1). CONCLUSION: Anti-KIF20B is a potential biomarker for SLE-related CN. Further studies are needed to examine how autoantibodies against KIF20B, which is variably expressed in a variety of neurological cells, contribute to disease pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Reumatologia , Humanos , Feminino , Estados Unidos , Masculino , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Autoanticorpos , Biomarcadores , Cinesinas
5.
Lupus Sci Med ; 11(1)2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599668

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a highly heterogeneous disease, and B cell abnormalities play a central role in the pathogenesis of SLE. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have also been implicated in the pathogenesis of SLE. The expression of lncRNAs is finely regulated and cell-type dependent, so we aimed to identify B cell-expressing lncRNAs as biomarkers for SLE, and to explore their ability to reflect the status of SLE critical pathway and disease activity. METHODS: Weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) was used to cluster B cell-expressing genes of patients with SLE into different gene modules and relate them to clinical features. Based on the results of WGCNA, candidate lncRNA levels were further explored in public bulk and single-cell RNA-sequencing data. In another independent cohort, the levels of the candidate were detected by RT-qPCR and the correlation with disease activity was analysed. RESULTS: WGCNA analysis revealed one gene module significantly correlated with clinical features, which was enriched in type I interferon (IFN) pathway. Among non-coding genes in this module, lncRNA RP11-273G15.2 was differentially expressed in all five subsets of B cells from patients with SLE compared with healthy controls and other autoimmune diseases. RT-qPCR validated that RP11-273G15.2 was highly expressed in SLE B cells and positively correlated with IFN scores (r=0.7329, p<0.0001) and disease activity (r=0.4710, p=0.0005). CONCLUSION: RP11-273G15.2 could act as a diagnostic and disease activity monitoring biomarker for SLE, which might have the potential to guide clinical management.


Assuntos
Interferon Tipo I , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Biomarcadores
6.
Lupus Sci Med ; 11(1)2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599669

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Circadian rhythm disruption (CRD) has been associated with inflammation and immune disorders, but its role in SLE progression is unclear. We aimed to investigate the impact of circadian rhythms on immune function and inflammation and their contribution to SLE progression to lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: This study retrospectively analysed the clinical characteristics and transcriptional profiles of 373 samples using bioinformatics and machine-learning methods. A flare risk score (FRS) was established to predict overall disease progression for patients with lupus. Mendelian randomisation was used to analyse the causal relationship between CRD and SLE progression. RESULTS: Abnormalities in the circadian pathway were detected in patients with SLE, and lower enrichment levels suggested a disease state (normalised enrichment score=0.6714, p=0.0062). The disruption of circadian rhythms was found to be closely linked to lupus flares, with the FRS showing a strong ability to predict disease progression (area under the curve (AUC) of 5-year prediction: 0.76). The accuracy of disease prediction was improved by using a prognostic nomogram based on FRS (AUC=0.77). Additionally, Mendelian randomisation analysis revealed an inverse causal relationship between CRD and SLE (OR 0.6284 (95% CI 0.3630 to 1.0881), p=0.0485) and a positive causal relationship with glomerular disorders (OR 0.0337 (95% CI 1.634e-3 to 6.934e-1), p=0.0280). CONCLUSION: Our study reveals that genetic characteristics arising from CRD can serve as biomarkers for predicting the exacerbation of SLE. This highlights the crucial impact of CRD on the progression of lupus.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Nefrite Lúpica , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nefrite Lúpica/complicações , Inflamação , Progressão da Doença
8.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1327255, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562920

RESUMO

Background: Lupus pathogenesis is mainly ascribed to increased production and/or impaired clearance of dead cell debris. Although self-reactive T and B lymphocytes are critically linked to lupus development, neutrophils, monocytes, and natural killer (NK) cells have also been implicated. This study assessed apoptosis-related protein expressions in NK cells of patients with juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (jSLE) and relations to disease activity parameters, nephritis, and neuropsychiatric involvement. Methods: Thirty-six patients with jSLE, 13 juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) inflammatory controls, and nine healthy controls had Fas, FasL, TRAIL, TNFR1, Bcl-2, Bax, Bim, and caspase-3 expressions in NK cells (CD3-CD16+CD56+) simultaneously determined by flow cytometry. Disease activity parameters included Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) score, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein level, anti-double strain DNA antibody level, complement fractions C3 and C4 levels. Results: Patients with jSLE had a profile of significantly reduced expression of TRAIL, Bcl-2, and TNFR1 proteins in NK cells when compared to healthy controls. Similar profile was observed in patients with jSLE with active disease, positive anti-dsDNA, nephritis, and without neuropsychiatric involvement. Patients with jSLE with positive anti-dsDNA also had reduced expression of Bax in NK cells when compared healthy controls and to those with negative anti-dsDNA. Yet, patients with jSLE with negative anti-dsDNA had reduced mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of Bim in NK cells compared to healthy controls. Patients with jSLE with nephritis also had reduced MFI of Fas in NK cells when compared to those without nephritis. In addition, in patients with jSLE, the proportion of FasL-expressing NK cells directly correlated with the SLEDAI-2K score (rs = 0.6, p = 0.002) and inversely correlated with the C3 levels (rs = -0.5, p = 0.007). Moreover, patients with jSLE had increased NK cell percentage and caspase-3 protein expression in NK cells when compared to JDM controls. Conclusion: This study extends to NK cells an altered profile of TRAIL, Bcl-2, TNFR1, Fas, FasL, Bax, Bim, and caspase-3 proteins in patients with jSLE, particularly in those with active disease, positive anti-dsDNA, nephritis, and without neuropsychiatric involvement. This change in apoptosis-related protein expressions may contribute to the defective functions of NK cells and, consequently, to lupus development. The full clarification of the role of NK cells in jSLE pathogenesis may pave the way for new therapies like those of NK cell-based.


Assuntos
Dermatomiosite , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Nefrite Lúpica , Humanos , Anticorpos Antinucleares , Apoptose , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Caspase 3 , Dermatomiosite/complicações , Células Matadoras Naturais , Receptores Tipo I de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7674, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561370

RESUMO

In the absence of evidence-based guidance on the impact of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) blood concentration on efficacy and ocular toxicity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the clinical monitoring of HCQ blood concentration is not yet widely performed, which raised concerns about the necessity of conducting HCQ blood concentration monitoring. In this retrospective study, we consecutively enrolled 135 patients with SLE who received HCQ treatment for more than 6 months from July 2022 to December 2022. Ocular toxicity was evaluated by collecting relevant retinal parameters using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Therapeutic efficacy was evaluated using the SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) and relevant clinical parameters. HCQ blood concentration was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Spearman correlation analysis revealed that the cumulative dose of HCQ was positively correlated with the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) perimeter and FAZ area (r = 0.734, P < 0.001; r = 0.784, P < 0.001). Meanwhile, the treatment duration of HCQ was positively correlated with FAZ perimeter and FAZ area (r = 0.761, P < 0.001; r = 0.882, P < 0.001). The univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses indicated that HCQ blood concentration was associated with the disease activity of patients with SLE (odds ratio 0.994, 95% CI 0.990-0.999). HCQ blood concentration may be an important factor in assessing the therapeutic effectiveness of SLE patients. The HCQ-related ocular toxicity was a long-term effect related to long term exposure, rather than the blood concentration of HCQ at the time of testing. More importantly, when addressing HCQ-related ocular toxicity, it may be crucial to pay attention to the cumulative dose and treatment duration of HCQ.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neuropatia Óptica Tóxica/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 27(4): e15106, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preclinical and epidemiological studies suggest that proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) had a potential effect on the development of SLE, but it was unclear whether a causal relationship exists. We aimed to investigate the association between genetically proxied inhibition of PCSK9 and the risk of SLE using a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) approach. METHODS: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with PCSK9 were extracted from pooled data obtained from the Global Lipid Genetics Consortium (GLGC) Genome-wide Association Study (GWAS) related to LDL-c levels, which was used as a proxy for PCSK9 inhibition. Pooled statistics for SLE were obtained from an independent GWAS dataset including 5201 SLE patients and 9066 controls. Inverse variance-weighted random-effects models were used to examine the association between genetically proxied inhibition of PCSK9 and the risk of SLE. MR-Egger, weighted median, weighted mode, Simple mode, and co-location analyses were used as sensitivity analyses to test the robustness of the analyses. RESULTS: Genetically proxied inhibition of PCSK9 was associated with a reduced risk of SLE (OR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.34 to 0.77, p = .001). This finding was replicated in an earlier GLGC GWAS analysis (OR = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.40 to 0.87, p = .007). Sensitivity analysis ensured that the results were robust. Co-localization analysis did not find evidence of shared causal variation between PCSK9 and SLE. CONCLUSIONS: This Mendelian randomization study showed that PCSK9 was associated with SLE pathogenesis, and its inhibition was associated with a reduced risk of SLE. This study has offered a prospective therapeutic avenue for intervening in the progression of SLE by inhibiting PCSK9 levels.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Humanos , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética
11.
Rev Med Suisse ; 20(868): 699-704, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568063

RESUMO

Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is a rare autoimmune condition. Since its first description 50 years ago, its mere existence has been debated, given that it shares features of other autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis, inflammatory myopathy, rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome. Also, while antibodies to U1-RNP are essential for the diagnosis of MCTD, these antibodies may be expressed in other circumstances, such as in case of SLE. Nevertheless, the patient fulfilling criteria for MCTD needs specific management. In this review, we describe the clinical features and the potential complications of this complex disease, often wrongly disregarded as benign. We will also emphasize the recommended follow-up exams and address treatment, which is currently lacking formal recommendations.


La connectivite mixte (mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD)) est une maladie auto-immune rare. Dès sa description il y a cinquante ans, l'existence propre de la MCTD est débattue, car les limites avec d'autres maladies, comme le lupus érythémateux systémique (LES), la sclérodermie, les myopathies inflammatoires, la polyarthrite rhumatoïde et le syndrome de Sjögren, sont floues. Les anticorps anti-U1-RNP obligatoires au diagnostic de MCTD sont également exprimés dans d'autres circonstances, comme le LES. Quoi qu'il en soit, le patient présentant des critères de MCTD nécessite une prise en charge spécifique. Nous présentons ici les signes cliniques et complications potentielles d'une maladie longtemps estimée à tort comme d'évolution bénigne. Nous abordons aussi les examens de suivi recommandés et la thérapeutique, qui reste à ce jour mal définie.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Autoimunes , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo , Humanos , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/complicações , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/terapia , Existencialismo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Doenças Raras
12.
Clin Exp Med ; 24(1): 65, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564026

RESUMO

Observational studies showed possible associations between systemic lupus erythematosus and multiple myeloma. However, whether there is a casual relationship between different types of autoimmune diseases (type 1 diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis) and multiple myeloma (MM) is not well known. We performed a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) study to estimate the casual relationship. Summary-level data of autoimmune diseases were gained from published genome-wide association studies while data of MM was obtained from UKBiobank. The Inverse-Variance Weighted (IVW) method was used as the primary analysis method to interpret the study results, with MR-Egger and weighted median as complementary methods of analysis. There is causal relationship between primary sclerosing cholangitis [OR = 1.00015, 95% CI 1.000048-1.000254, P = 0.004] and MM. Nevertheless, no similar causal relationship was found between the remaining seven autoimmune diseases and MM. Considering the important role of age at recruitment and body mass index (BMI) in MM, we excluded these relevant instrument variables, and similar results were obtained. The accuracy and robustness of these findings were confirmed by sensitivity tests. Overall, MR analysis suggests that genetic liability to primary sclerosing cholangitis could be causally related to the increasing risk of MM. This finding may serve as a guide for clinical attention to patients with autoimmune diseases and their early screening for MM.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Colangite Esclerosante , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Doenças Autoimunes/genética
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7750, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565930

RESUMO

Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) use is indicated for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Nevertheless, reports discussing the reasons for not prescribing HCQ are limited. We identified the factors that interfere with HCQ use in patients with SLE. This observational, single-center study included data from 265 patients with SLE in 2019. The patients were categorized into groups with and without a history of HCQ use. Between these groups, clinical characteristics were compared using univariate analysis and logistic regression models. Among the 265 patients, 133 (50.2%) had a history of HCQ use. Univariate analysis identified older age; longer disease duration; lower prednisolone dose, clinical SLE disease activity index 2000, and estimated glomerular filtration rate; higher C3 level; and lower anti-double-stranded DNA antibody concentration as HCQ non-use-related variables. Logistic regression models identified a positive association between HCQ non-use and longer disease duration (odds ratio [OR] 1.08), prednisolone dose ≤ 7.5 mg/day (OR 4.03), C3 level ≥ 73 mg/dL (OR 2.15), and attending physician having graduated > 10 years prior (OR 3.19). In conclusion, a longer disease duration, lower prednisolone dose, higher C3 level, and longer time since attending physicians' graduation correlated with HCQ non-use. Physicians and patients should be educated to facilitate HCQ use despite these factors.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Modelos Logísticos
14.
BMC Nephrol ; 25(1): 119, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lupus nephritis (LN) is the most common and severe clinical manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is a reversible RNA modification and has been implicated in various biological processes. However, the roles of m6A regulators in LN are not fully demonstrated. METHODS: We downloaded the kidney tissue transcriptome dataset of LN patients and normal controls from the GEO database and extracted the expression levels of m6A regulators. We constructed and compared Random Forest (RF) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) models, and subsequently selected featured genes to develop nomogram models. The m6A subtypes were identified based on significantly differentially expressed m6A regulators, and the m6A gene subtypes were identified based on m6A-associated differential genes, and the two m6A modification patterns were comprehensively evaluated. RESULTS: We obtained the GSE32591 and GSE112943 datasets from the GEO database, including 78 LN samples and 36 normal control samples. We extracted the expression levels of 20 m6A regulators. By RF analysis we identified 7 characteristic m6A regulators and constructed nomogramh models with these 7 genes. We identified two m6A subtypes based on these seven important m6A regulators, and the immune cell infiltration levels of the two subtype clusters were significantly different. We identified two more m6A gene subtypes based on m6A-associated DEGs. We calculated the m6A scores using the principal component analysis (PCA) algorithm and found that the m6A scores of m6A cluster A and gene cluster A were lower than those of m6A cluster B and gene cluster B. In addition, we found that the levels of inflammatory factors were also significantly different between m6A clusters and gene clusters. CONCLUSION: This study confirms that m6A regulators are involved in the LN process through different modes of action and provide new diagnostic and therapeutic targets for LN.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Nefrite Lúpica , Humanos , Nefrite Lúpica/genética , Adenina , Adenosina
15.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1249500, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558805

RESUMO

Autoimmune inflammation is caused by the loss of tolerance to specific self-antigens and can result in organ-specific or systemic disorders. Systemic autoimmune diseases affect a significant portion of the population with an increasing rate of incidence, which means that is essential to have effective therapies to control these chronic disorders. Unfortunately, several patients with systemic autoimmune diseases do not respond at all or just partially respond to available conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and targeted therapies. However, during the past few years, some new medications have been approved and can be used in real-life clinical settings. Meanwhile, several new candidates appeared and can offer promising novel treatment options in the future. Here, we summarize the newly available medications and the most encouraging drug candidates in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's disease, systemic sclerosis, systemic vasculitis, and autoimmune myositis.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Autoimunes , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Miosite , Síndrome de Sjogren , Humanos , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Miosite/tratamento farmacológico
16.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 27(4): e15131, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and associated factors of initial and recurrent severe infections in hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: SLE patients that first hospitalized between 2010 and 2021 were studied retrospectively and divided into SLE with and without baseline severe infection groups. The primary outcome was the occurrence of severe infection during follow-up. Cox regression models were used to calculate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for initial and recurrent severe infections. RESULTS: Among 1051 first hospitalized SLE patients, 164 (15.6%) had severe infection on admission. During a median follow-up of 4.1 years, 113 (10.8%) patients reached severe infection outcomes, including 27 with reinfection and 86 with initial severe infection (16.5% vs. 9.7%, p = .010). Patients with baseline severe infection had a higher cumulative incidence of reinfection (p = .007). After adjusting for confounding factors, renal involvement, elevated serum creatinine, hypoalbuminemia, cyclophosphamide, and mycophenolate mofetil treatment were associated with an increased risk of severe infection, especially initial severe infection. Low immunoglobulin, anti-dsDNA antibody positivity, and cyclophosphamide use significantly increased the risk of recurrent severe infection, with adjusted HR (95% CI) of 3.15 (1.22, 8.14), 3.60 (1.56, 8.28), and 2.14 (1.01, 5.76), respectively. Moreover, baseline severe infection and low immunoglobulin had a multiplicative interaction on reinfection, with adjusted RHR (95% CI) of 3.91 (1.27, 12.09). CONCLUSION: In this cohort of SLE, patients with severe infection had a higher risk of reinfection, and low immunoglobulin, anti-dsDNA antibody positivity, and cyclophosphamide use were independent risk factors for recurrent severe infection.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Reinfecção , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Imunoglobulinas , China/epidemiologia
17.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 27(4): e15144, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infections are considered risk factors for autoimmune inflammatory rheumatic diseases (AIRDs), the incidence of which is considered to have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. The impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) on the incidence of AIRDs and their associated health care services and medical expenses in Korea was investigated. METHODS: We included all AIRD cases reported between January 2016 and February 2021 based on the National Health Insurance Service data. We evaluated changes in incidence trends for each AIRD before and after NPI implementation (Feb 2020 to Feb 2021) using segmented regression analysis. Changes in health care utilization and medical costs for each AIRD before and after NPI implementation were also investigated. RESULTS: After NPI implementation, monthly incidence rates declined significantly by 0.205 per 1 000 000 (95% confidence interval [CI], -0.308 to -0.101, p < .001) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). No significant changes in the incidence of all AIRDs other than SLE were observed before and after implementation. Further, annual outpatient department visits per patient were lower during implementation for all diseases, except juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The prescription days per outpatient visit increased significantly during implementation for all diseases, except JIA and ankylosing spondylitis. During implementation, the total annual medical costs per patient tended to decrease for all diseases, except JIA and mixed connective tissue disease. CONCLUSION: Implementation of NPIs to contain the pandemic led to a reduction in the incidence of SLE and changed patterns of medical care utilization and treatment cost for most AIRDs.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil , Doenças Autoimunes , COVID-19 , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Doenças Reumáticas , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Incidência , Pandemias , Artrite Juvenil/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/terapia , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/terapia
18.
J Med Virol ; 96(4): e29595, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587217

RESUMO

Systemic autoimmune diseases (SADs) are a growing spectrum of autoimmune disorders that commonly affect multiple organs. The role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection or reactivation as a trigger for the initiation and progression of SADs has been established, while the relationship between EBV envelope glycoproteins and SADs remains unclear. Here, we assessed the levels of IgG, IgA, and IgM against EBV glycoproteins (including gp350, gp42, gHgL, and gB) in serum samples obtained from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and found that RA and SLE patients exhibited a statistically significant increase in the levels of 8 and 11 glycoprotein antibodies, respectively, compared to healthy controls (p < 0.05). The LASSO model identified four factors as significant diagnostic markers for RA: gp350 IgG, gp350 IgA, gHgL IgM, and gp42 IgA; whereas for SLE it included gp350 IgG, gp350 IgA, gHgL IgA, and gp42 IgM. Combining these selected biomarkers yielded an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.749 for RA and 0.843 for SLE. We subsequently quantified the levels of autoantibodies associated with SADs in mouse sera following immunization with gp350. Remarkably, none of the tested autoantibody levels exhibited statistically significant alterations. Elevation of glycoprotein antibody concentration suggests that Epstein-Barr virus reactivation and replication occurred in SADs patients, potentially serving as a promising biomarker for diagnosing SADs. Moreover, the absence of cross-reactivity between gp350 antibodies and SADs-associated autoantigens indicates the safety profile of a vaccine based on gp350 antigen.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Autoimunes , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Anticorpos Antivirais , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Glicoproteínas , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Imunoglobulina G , Imunoglobulina A , Imunoglobulina M
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37821, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579022

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus mainly affects young women, and approximately half of systemic lupus erythematosus patients develop lupus nephritis (LN). However, data on the types and remission rates of LN in Saudi Arabia are limited. Therefore, we aimed to highlight the LN remission rates in our population. A retrospective record review was conducted between January 2007 and December 2020 in a tertiary center in the western region of Saudi Arabia to determine the remission rates among patients with biopsy-proven LN who met the EULAR\ACR 2019 classification criteria. We identified 59 patients with biopsy-proven LN, mostly in young women. The common histopathological pattern was Class IV LN in 26 patients (44%). Three induction protocols were identified, along with systemic steroids: the high-dose cyclophosphamide protocol in 21 patients (35.6%), low-dose protocol in 4 patients (6.8%), and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in 41 patients (69.5%). Partial response, defined as the reduction of the 24-hour proteinuria by 25% at 3 months and 50% at 6 months, was achieved in 18 patients (33.3%) at 3 months and decreased to 13 patients (24.1%) at 6 months. Complete clinical response, defined as 24-hour urinary protein between 500 and 700 mg at 12 months, was achieved in 44 patients (81.5%). Complete remission was higher among patients with Class IV LN (64.4%). The achievement of partial clinical response at 3 months was significantly lower among patients with hypertension (P = .041). This study presented the LN remission rates in a single center in Saudi Arabia. Similar to previous studies, Class IV LN were the most common histopathological finding in this study. Complete remission at 12 months was achieved in 44 (81%) patients. Delayed remission is associated with hypertension at the time of LN diagnosis.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Nefrite Lúpica , Humanos , Feminino , Nefrite Lúpica/complicações , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Nefrite Lúpica/diagnóstico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão/complicações , Indução de Remissão
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e36451, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579098

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The term "Rhupus" was employed to descriptively illustrate the overlap observed in some pediatric patients displaying features of both juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Although "Rhupus" is traditionally used in adults, we applied it broadly to emphasize this clinical overlap. METHODS: We sought to identify studies that registered signs, symptoms, imaging characteristics, and treatments given to patients with JIA and SLE. We searched four databases using a Boolean search string, resulting in 231 articles after duplicate removal. Title and abstract screening yielded 57 articles for full-text assessment. Full reviewed 13 extracted data regarding sex, age of onset, serologic and imaging findings, and management strategies. The NIH quality assessment tool was applied to ensure the internal validity of the articles. RESULTS: From the 13 articles evaluated that meet inclusion criteria, none had standardized diagnostic algorithms. The total number of patients in those articles is 26, without discussing treatment guidelines. DISCUSSION: Clinical presentation, diagnostic parameters, and treatment of pediatric Rhupus were synthesized in this review. Fundamental keys help distinguish the joint presentation when Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis or Lupus is present, compared with the signs and symptoms when developing the overlapping syndrome. We highlight the importance of physicians knowing about this rare condition and call all specialists to report new cases of the disease so a consensus can be reached to establish standardized guidelines for diagnosing and treating Rhupus syndrome.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil , Artrite Reumatoide , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Adulto , Humanos , Criança , Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome
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