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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 469: 133967, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457978

RESUMO

Diclofop-methyl, an aryloxyphenoxypropionate (AOPP) herbicide, is a chiral compound with two enantiomers. Microbial detoxification and degradation of various enantiomers is garnering immense research attention. However, enantioselective catabolism of diclofop-methyl has been rarely explored, especially at the molecular level. This study cloned two novel hydrolase genes (dcmA and dcmH) in Sphingopyxis sp. DBS4, and characterized them for diclofop-methyl degradation. DcmA, a member of the amidase superfamily, exhibits 26.1-45.9% identity with functional amidases. Conversely, DcmH corresponded to the DUF3089 domain-containing protein family (a family with unknown function), sharing no significant similarity with other biochemically characterized proteins. DcmA exhibited a broad spectrum of substrates, with preferential hydrolyzation of (R)-(+)-diclofop-methyl, (R)-(+)-quizalofop-ethyl, and (R)-(+)-haloxyfop-methyl. DcmH also preferred (R)-(+)-quizalofop-ethyl and (R)-(+)-haloxyfop-methyl degradation while displaying no apparent enantioselective activity towards diclofop-methyl. Using site-directed mutagenesis and molecular docking, it was determined that Ser175 was the fundamental residue influencing DcmA's activity against the two enantiomers of diclofop-methyl. For the degradation of AOPP herbicides, DcmA is an enantioselective amidase that has never been reported in research. This study provided novel hydrolyzing enzyme resources for the remediation of diclofop-methyl in the environment and deepened the understanding of enantioselective degradation of chiral AOPP herbicides mediated by microbes.


Assuntos
Éteres Difenil Halogenados , Herbicidas , Maleatos , Propionatos , Quinoxalinas , Herbicidas/metabolismo , Hidrolases , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estereoisomerismo , Produtos da Oxidação Avançada de Proteínas
2.
Mol Pharm ; 21(3): 1479-1489, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373877

RESUMO

In a competitive coformer exchange reaction, a recent topic of interest in pharmaceutical research, the coformer in a pharmaceutical cocrystal is exchanged with another coformer that is expected to form a cocrystal that is more stable. There will be a competition between coformers to form the most stable product through the formation of hydrogen bonds. This will cause destabilization of the pharmaceutical products during processing or storage. Therefore, it is important to develop a mechanistic understanding of this transformation by monitoring each and every step of the reaction, employing a technique such as 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). In this study, an in situ monitoring of a coformer exchange reaction is carried out by 1H magic angle spinning (MAS) solid-state NMR (SSNMR) at a spinning frequency of 60 kHz. The changes in caffeine maleic acid cocrystals on addition of glutaric acid and caffeine glutaric cocrystals on addition of maleic acid were monitored. In all of the reactions, it has been observed that caffeine glutaric acid Form I is formed. When glutaric acid was added to 2:1 caffeine maleic acid, the formation of metastable 1:1 caffeine glutaric acid Form I was observed at the start of the experiment, indicating that the centrifugal pressure is enough for the formation. The difference in the end product of the reactions with a similar reaction pathway of 1:1 and 2:1 reactant stoichiometry indicates that a complete replacement of maleic acid has occurred only in the 1:1 stoichiometry of the reactants. The polymorphic transition of caffeine glutaric acid Form II to Form I at higher temperatures was a crucial reason that triggered the exchange of glutaric acid with maleic acid in the reaction of caffeine glutaric acid and maleic acid. Our results are novel since the new reaction pathways in competitive coformer exchange reactions enabled understanding the remarkable role of stoichiometry, polymorphism, temperature, and centrifugal pressure.


Assuntos
Cafeína , Glutaratos , Maleatos , Cafeína/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
3.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2762: 293-308, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315373

RESUMO

Although membrane proteins are abundant in nature, their investigation is limited due to bottlenecks in heterologous overexpression and consequently restricted accessibility for downstream applications. In this chapter, we address these challenges by presenting a fast and straightforward synthesis platform based on eukaryotic cell-free protein synthesis (CFPS) and an efficient solubilization strategy using styrene-maleic acid (SMA) copolymers. We demonstrate CFPS of TWIK-1, a dimeric ion channel, based on Sf21 (Spodoptera frugiperda) insect lysate showing homooligomerization and N-glycosylation enabled by endoplasmic reticulum-derived microsomes. Furthermore, we employ SMA copolymers for protein solubilization, which preserves the native-like microsomal environment. This approach not only retains the solubilized protein's suitability for downstream applications but also maintains the oligomerization and glycosylation of TWIK-1 post-solubilization. We validate the solubilization procedure using autoradiography, particle size analysis, and biomolecular fluorescence assay and confirm the very efficient, structurally intact solubilization of cell-free synthesized TWIK-1.


Assuntos
Maleatos , Poliestirenos , Proteínas de Membrana
4.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 241: 115984, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38266453

RESUMO

Flonoltinib Maleate (FM) is a dual-target inhibitor that selectively suppresses Janus kinase 2/FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (JAK2/FLT3), which is currently in phase I/IIa clinical trial in China for the treatment of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). In this research, we used [14C]-labeled FM (14C-FM) to investigate the distribution, metabolism, and excretion of FM in rats using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry/Radioactivity Monitoring (HPLC-HRMS/RAM) and liquid scintillation counter. The results revealed that FM displayed widespread distribution in rats. Furthermore, FM demonstrated rapid clearance without any observed risk of organ toxicity attributed to accumulation. Profiling of FM metabolites in rat plasma, feces, urine, and bile identified a total of 17 distinct metabolites, comprising 7 phase I metabolites and 10 phase II metabolites. The major metabolic reactions involved oxygenation, dealkylation, methylation, sulfation, glucuronidation and glutathione conjugation. Based on these findings, a putative metabolic pathway of FM in rats was proposed. The overall recovery rate in the excretion experiment ranged from 93.04 % to 94.74 %. The results indicated that FM undergoes extensive hepatic metabolism in SD rats, with the majority being excreted through bile as metabolites and ultimately eliminated via feces. A minor fraction of FM (<10 %) was excreted through renal excretion in the form of urine. Integration of the current results with previous pharmacokinetic investigations of FM in rats and dogs enables a comprehensive elucidation of the in vivo ADME processes and characteristics of FM, thereby establishing a solid foundation for subsequent clinical investigations of FM.


Assuntos
Bile , Maleatos , Ratos , Animais , Cães , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Distribuição Tecidual , Bile/metabolismo , Fezes/química , Maleatos/análise , Maleatos/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Administração Oral
5.
PLoS One ; 19(1): e0296647, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38232127

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the dislodgement resistance and structural changes of different mineral trioxide aggregate cements (MTA) like Pro-Root MTA, Ortho MTA, and Retro MTA after exposure to sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), NaOCl-Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), 1-hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-bisphosphonate (Dual Rinse HEDP), and NaOCl-Maleic acid (MA). The root canal spaces of 150 dentine slices were obturated using tricalcium silicate cements and divided into 3 groups (n = 50): Group1: ProRoot MTA, Group2: Retro MTA, and Group3: Ortho MTA. The samples in each group were further subdivided into four experimental (n = 10) and one control groups (n = 10): 2.5% NaOCl-17% EDTA, Dual Rinse HEDP, 2.5% NaOCl-7% Maleic acid, 2.5% NaOCl, distilled water (control). The dislodgement resistance and structural changes of cements were measured. Use of DR HEDP resulted in higher dislodgement resistance compared to17% EDTA and 7% MA in the samples obturated with Ortho MTA and Pro-Root MTA (p<0.001). In Retro MTA group, samples treated with DR HEDP and 17% EDTA had higher dislodgment resistance compared to 7% MA (p<0.001). On microstructural and elemental analysis of all the three MTA cements, samples treated with 17% EDTA and 7% MA were more amorphous and granular when compared to DR HEDP, which was pettle shaped. Calcium level was decreased more in samples treated with 17% EDTA and 7% MA when compared to DR HEDP.


Assuntos
Quelantes , Ácido Etidrônico , Maleatos , Quelantes/farmacologia , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Silicatos/farmacologia , Silicatos/química , Combinação de Medicamentos , Óxidos/farmacologia , Óxidos/química
6.
Mol Metab ; 79: 101859, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38142971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dilated cardiomyopathy with ataxia (DCMA) is an autosomal recessive disorder arising from truncating mutations in DNAJC19, which encodes an inner mitochondrial membrane protein. Clinical features include an early onset, often life-threatening, cardiomyopathy associated with other metabolic features. Here, we aim to understand the metabolic and pathophysiological mechanisms of mutant DNAJC19 for the development of cardiomyopathy. METHODS: We generated induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) of two affected siblings with DCMA and a gene-edited truncation variant (tv) of DNAJC19 which all lack the conserved DnaJ interaction domain. The mutant iPSC-CMs and their respective control cells were subjected to various analyses, including assessments of morphology, metabolic function, and physiological consequences such as Ca2+ kinetics, contractility, and arrhythmic potential. Validation of respiration analysis was done in a gene-edited HeLa cell line (DNAJC19tvHeLa). RESULTS: Structural analyses revealed mitochondrial fragmentation and abnormal cristae formation associated with an overall reduced mitochondrial protein expression in mutant iPSC-CMs. Morphological alterations were associated with higher oxygen consumption rates (OCRs) in all three mutant iPSC-CMs, indicating higher electron transport chain activity to meet cellular ATP demands. Additionally, increased extracellular acidification rates suggested an increase in overall metabolic flux, while radioactive tracer uptake studies revealed decreased fatty acid uptake and utilization of glucose. Mutant iPSC-CMs also showed increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and an elevated mitochondrial membrane potential. Increased mitochondrial respiration with pyruvate and malate as substrates was observed in mutant DNAJC19tv HeLa cells in addition to an upregulation of respiratory chain complexes, while cellular ATP-levels remain the same. Moreover, mitochondrial alterations were associated with increased beating frequencies, elevated diastolic Ca2+ concentrations, reduced sarcomere shortening and an increased beat-to-beat rate variability in mutant cell lines in response to ß-adrenergic stimulation. CONCLUSIONS: Loss of the DnaJ domain disturbs cardiac mitochondrial structure with abnormal cristae formation and leads to mitochondrial dysfunction, suggesting that DNAJC19 plays an essential role in mitochondrial morphogenesis and biogenesis. Moreover, increased mitochondrial respiration, altered substrate utilization, increased ROS production and abnormal Ca2+ kinetics provide insights into the pathogenesis of DCMA-related cardiomyopathy.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada , Ataxia Cerebelar , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Maleatos , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo , Humanos , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/genética , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/patologia , Células HeLa , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Mutação/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Respiração
7.
PLoS One ; 18(12): e0295714, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38100507

RESUMO

Cervical cancer poses a substantial worldwide health challenge, especially in low- and middle-income nations, caused by high-risk types of human papillomavirus. It accounted for a significant percentage of cancer-related deaths among women, particularly in areas with limited healthcare resources, necessitating innovative therapeutic approaches, and single-targeted studies have produced significant results, with a considerable chance of developing resistance. Therefore, the multitargeted studies can work as a beacon of hope. This study is focused on performing the multitargeted molecular docking of FDA-approved drugs with the three crucial proteins TBK1, DNA polymerase epsilon, and integrin α-V ß-8 of cervical cancer. The docking studies using multisampling algorithms HTVS, SP, and XP reveal Pixantrone Maleate (DB06193) as a multitargeted inhibitor with docking scores of -8.147, -8.206 and -7.31 Kcal/mol and pose filtration with MM\GBSA computations with scores -40.55, -33.67, and -37.64 Kcal/mol. We also have performed QM-based DFT and pharmacokinetics studies of the compound and compared it with the standard values, which results in the compound being entirely suitable against cervical cancer proteins. The interaction fingerprints have revealed that PHE, VAL, SER and ALA are the residues among most interactions. We also explore the stability of the multitargeted potential of Pixantrone Maleate through 100ns MD simulations and investigate the RMSD, RMSF and intermolecular interactions between all three proteins-ligand complexes. All computational studies favour Pixantrone Maleate as a multitargeted inhibitor of the TBK1, DNA polymerase epsilon, and integrin α-V ß-8 and can be validated experimentally before use.


Assuntos
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , DNA Polimerase II , Integrinas , Maleatos
8.
Macromol Biosci ; 23(11): e2300316, 2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37713590

RESUMO

In extrusion-based 3D printing, the use of synthetic polymeric hydrogels can facilitate fabrication of cellularized and implanted scaffolds with sufficient mechanical properties to maintain the structural integrity and physical stress within the in vivo conditions. However, synthetic hydrogels face challenges due to their poor properties of cellular adhesion, bioactivity, and biofunctionality. New compositions of hydrogel inks have been designed to address this limitation. A viscous poly(maleate-propylene oxide)-lipoate-poly(ethylene oxide) (MPLE) hydrogel is recently developed that shows high-resolution printability, drug-controlled release, excellent mechanical properties with adhesiveness, and biocompatibility. In this study, the authors demonstrate that the incorporation of cell-adhesive proteins like gelatin and albumin within the MPLE gel allows printing of biologically functional 3D scaffolds with rapid cell spreading (within 7 days) and high cell proliferation (twofold increase) as compared with MPLE gel only. Addition of proteins (10% w/v) supports the formation of interconnected cell clusters (≈1.6-fold increase in cell areas after 7-day) and spreading of cells in the printed scaffolds without additional growth factors. In in vivo studies, the protein-loaded scaffolds showed excellent biocompatibility and increased angiogenesis without inflammatory response after 4-week implantation in mice, thus demonstrating the promise to contribute to the printable tough hydrogel inks for tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Ácido Tióctico , Tecidos Suporte , Animais , Camundongos , Tecidos Suporte/química , Tinta , Adesivos , Engenharia Tecidual , Maleatos , Propilenoglicol , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Hidrogéis/química , Impressão Tridimensional
9.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 235: 115643, 2023 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37633165

RESUMO

Betrixaban Maleate, a novel oral, once-daily factor Xa inhibitor drug substance, was subjected to stress testing under a wide range of degradation conditions, including acidic hydrolysis, alkaline hydrolysis, oxidative, thermal, and photolytic, to determine its inherent stability. The drug was biodegradable in acidic and alkaline environments, and three new degradation products were identified. Two degraded products are formed in an acidic environment, while the third is in alkaline conditions. The three degradants were identified using UPLC-ESI/MS and isolated using mass-triggered preparative HPLC, and their structures were unambiguously elucidated using HRMS and 2D NMR techniques. Based on spectral and chromatographic data, it was firmly proven that these distinct degradation products were the betrixaban chemical's hydrolysis components. The formation of the degradants has been hypothesized through several possible mechanisms.


Assuntos
Benzamidas , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Maleatos
10.
Chemosphere ; 339: 139617, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37495045

RESUMO

Wide-area surface decontamination is essential during the sudden release of radioisotopes to the public, such as nuclear accidents or terrorist attacks. A self-generated hydrogel comprising a reversible complex between poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and phenylboronic acid-grafted poly(methyl vinyl ether-alt-mono-sodium maleate) (PBA-g-PMVE-SM) was developed as a new surface decontamination coating agent to remove radioactive cesium from surfaces. The simultaneous application of PVA and PBA-g-PMVE-SM aqueous polymer solutions containing sulfur-zeolite to contaminated surfaces resulted in the spontaneous formation of a PBA-diol ester bond-based hydrogel. The sulfur-zeolite suspended in the hydrogel selectively removed 137Cs from the contaminated surface and was easily separated from the dissociable used hydrogel. This removal was performed by simple water rinsing without costly incineration to remove the organic materials for final disposal/storage of the radioactive waste, making it suitable for practical wide-area surface decontamination. In radioactive tests, the hydrogel containing sulfur-chabazite (S-CHA) showed substantial 137Cs removal efficiencies of 96.996% for painted cement and 63.404% for cement, which are 2.33 times better than the values for the commercial surface decontamination coating agent DeconGel. Due to its excellent zeolite ion-exchange ability, our hydrogel system has great potential for removing various hazardous contaminants, including radionuclides, from the surface.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Zeolitas , Álcool de Polivinil , Descontaminação , Radioisótopos de Césio/análise , Césio , Água , Maleatos
11.
J Mol Model ; 29(6): 197, 2023 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37268806

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Enalapril maleate is an antihypertensive ethyl ester pro-drug with two crystalline forms. A network of hydrogen bonds in both polymorphs plays an important role on solid-state stability, charge transfer process and degradation reactions (when exposed to high humidity, temperature and/or pH changes). COMPUTATIONAL PROCEDURES: Supramolecular arrangement was proposed by Hirshfeld surface using the CrystalExplorer17 software and quantum theory of atoms in molecules. The electronic structure properties were calculated using the functional hybrid M06-2X with 6-311++G** base function employing diffuse and polarization functions to improve the description of hydrogen atoms on intermolecular interactions. Also, the H+ charge transfer between enalapril and maleate molecules was performed using Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics with the Verlet algorithm. In both simulations, the temperature of the ionic system was maintained around 300 K using the Nosé-Hoover thermostat and the electronic system evolved without the use of the thermostat. RESULTS: This work evaluates the effect of maleate on the structural stability of enalapril maleate solid state. The electronic structural analysis points out a partially covalent character for N1-H∙∙∙O7 interaction; and the molecular dynamic showed a decentralized hydrogen on maleate driving a decomposition by charge transfer process while a centered hydrogen driving the stabilization. The charge transfer process and the mobility of the proton (H+) between enalapril and maleate molecules was demonstrated using supramolecular modeling analyses and molecular dynamics calculations.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina , Enalapril , Enalapril/química , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/química , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Maleatos , Hidrogênio
12.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 51(1): 192-204, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37052886

RESUMO

Bee propolis has been used in alternative medicine to treat various diseases. Due to its limited water solubility, it is often used in combination with alcohol solvents, causing skin irritation and immune response. To solve this, the new drug delivery system, based on the lipid nanodiscs of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphochline (DMPC) and poly(styrene-alt-maleic acid) (PSMA), were created in an aqueous media. At the excess polymer concentrations, the PSMA/DMPC complexation produced the very fine nanoparticles (18 nm). With the increased molar ratio of styrene to maleic acid (St/MA) in the copolymer structure, the lipid nanodisc showed the improved encapsulation efficiency (EE%), comparing to their corresponding aqueous formulations. The maximum value had reached to around 20% when using the 2:1 PSMA precursor. Based on the cytotoxicity test, these nanoparticles were considered to be non-toxic over the low dose administration region (<78 µg/mL). Instead, they possessed the ability to promote the Vero cell growth. The new PSMA/DMPC nanovesicles could thus be used to improve aqueous solubility and therapeutic effects of poorly water-soluble drugs, thus extending their use in modern therapies.


New biomimetic approach for propolis encapsulation was developed with no use of organic solvent.Propolis antioxidants were recovered directly into water-soluble formats.The very fine lipid nanodiscs showed impressive shelf-life stability and tuneable drug-loading capacity.


Assuntos
Própole , Própole/farmacologia , Dimiristoilfosfatidilcolina/química , Poliestirenos/química , Maleatos/química , Polímeros/química , Água
13.
Biomacromolecules ; 24(4): 1819-1838, 2023 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36947865

RESUMO

Amphipathic styrene-maleic acid (SMA) copolymers directly solubilize biomembranes into SMA-lipid particles, or SMALPs, that are often regarded as nanodiscs and hailed as a native membrane platform. The promising outlook of SMALPs inspires the discovery of many SMA-like copolymers that also solubilize biomembranes into putative nanodiscs, but a fundamental question remains on how much the SMALPs or SMALP analogues truly resemble the bilayer structure of nanodiscs. This unfortunate ambiguity undermines the utility of SMA or SMA-like copolymers in membrane biology because the structure and function of many membrane proteins depend critically on their surrounding matrices. Here, we report the structural heterogeneity of SMALPs revealed through fractionating SMALPs comprised of lipids and well-defined SMAs via size-exclusion chromatography followed by quantitative determination of the polymer-to-lipid (P/L) stoichiometric ratios in individual fractions. Through the lens of P/L stoichiometric ratios, different self-assembled polymer-lipid nanostructures are inferred, such as polymer-remodeled liposomes, polymer-encased nanodiscs, polymer-lipid mixed micelles, and lipid-doped polymer micellar aggregates. We attribute the structural heterogeneity of SMALPs to the microstructure variations amongst individual polymer chains that give rise to their polydisperse detergency. As an example, we demonstrate that SMAs with a similar S/MA ratio but different chain sizes participate preferentially in different polymer-lipid nanostructures. We further demonstrate that proteorhodopsin, a light-driven proton pump solubilized within the same SMALPs is distributed amongst different self-assembled nanostructures to display different photocycle kinetics. Our discovery challenges the native nanodisc notion of SMALPs or SMALP analogues and highlights the necessity to separate and identify the structurally dissimilar polymer-lipid particles in membrane biology studies.


Assuntos
Polímeros , Poliestirenos , Polímeros/química , Poliestirenos/química , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Lipídeos/química , Maleatos/química , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química
14.
Biol Chem ; 404(7): 703-713, 2023 06 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36921292

RESUMO

Polymer-encapsulated nanodiscs enable membrane proteins to be investigated within a native-like lipid-bilayer environment. Unlike other bilayer-based membrane mimetics, these nanodiscs are equilibrium structures that permit lipid exchange on experimentally relevant timescales. Therefore, examining the kinetics and mechanisms of lipid exchange is of great interest. Since the high charge densities of existing anionic polymers can interfere with protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions as well as charge-sensitive analysis techniques, electroneutral nanodisc-forming polymers have been recently introduced. However, it has remained unclear how the electroneutrality of these polymers affects the lipid-exchange behavior of the nanodiscs. Here, we use time-resolved Förster resonance energy transfer to study the kinetics and the mechanisms of lipid exchange among nanodiscs formed by the electroneutral polymer Sulfo-DIBMA. We also examine the role of coulombic repulsion and specific counterion association in lipid exchange. Our results show that Sulfo-DIBMA nanodiscs exchange lipids on a similar timescale as DIBMA nanodiscs. In contrast with nanodiscs made from polyanionic DIBMA, however, the presence of mono- and divalent cations does not influence lipid exchange among Sulfo-DIBMA nanodiscs, as expected from their electroneutrality. The robustness of Sulfo-DIBMA nanodiscs against varying ion concentrations opens new possibilities for investigating charge-sensitive processes involving membrane proteins.


Assuntos
Maleatos , Nanoestruturas , Maleatos/química , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Polímeros/química , Nanoestruturas/química
15.
J Biomater Sci Polym Ed ; 34(13): 1793-1812, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36872905

RESUMO

Reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) with eye drops is one of the most common ways to control glaucoma. Low bioavailability and high frequency of administration in eye drops are major challenges in ocular pharmacotherapy. Contact lenses have attracted the attention of scientists in recent decades as an alternative method. In this study, with the aim of long-term drug delivery and better patient compatibility, contact lenses with surface modification and nanoparticles were used. In this study, timolol-maleate was loaded into polymeric nanoparticles made of chitosan conjugate with lauric acid and sodium alginate. Then silicon matrix was mixed with a curing agent (10:1), and the suspension of nanoparticles was added to the precursor and cured. Finally, for surface modification, the lenses were irradiated with oxygen plasma at different exposure times (30, 60, and 150 s) and soaked in different BSA concentrations (1, 3, and 5% w/v). The results showed nanoparticles with a size of 50 nm and a spherical shape were synthesized. The best surface modification of the lenses was for 5 (% w/v) albumin concentration and 150 s exposure time, which had the highest increase in hydrophilicity. Drug release from nanoparticles continued for 3 days and this amount increased to 6 days after dispersion in the modified lens matrix. The drug model and kinetic study show the Higuchi model completely supported the release profile. This study represents the novel drug delivery system to control intra-ocular pressure as a candidate platform for glaucoma treatment. Improved compatibility and drug release from the designed contact lenses would prepare new insight into the mentioned disease treatment.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Glaucoma , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Timolol/uso terapêutico , Glaucoma/tratamento farmacológico , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Soluções Oftálmicas/uso terapêutico , Maleatos/uso terapêutico
16.
Mol Pharm ; 20(4): 2181-2193, 2023 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36859819

RESUMO

Acalabrutinib maleate tablets correspond to an improved formulation compared to acalabrutinib capsules as they can be dosed with and without acid reducing agents and therefore benefit more cancer patients. The dissolution specification for the drug product was determined using all the information available on the drug safety, efficacy, and in vitro performance. In addition, a physiologically based biopharmaceutics model was developed for acalabrutinib maleate tablets on the back of a previously published model for acalabrutinib capsules to establish that the proposed drug product dissolution specification would ensure safe and effective products for all patients including those under acid reducing agent treatment. The model was built, validated, and used to predict the exposure of virtual batches where the dissolution was slower than that of the clinical target. A combination of exposure prediction and the use of a PK-PD model allowed it to be demonstrated that the proposed drug product dissolution specification was acceptable. This combination of models enabled a larger safe space than would have been granted by consideration of bioequivalence only.


Assuntos
Biofarmácia , Modelos Biológicos , Humanos , Solubilidade , Cápsulas , Equivalência Terapêutica , Comprimidos , Maleatos
17.
Biophys Chem ; 296: 106989, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36898346

RESUMO

An advantageous alternative to the use of detergents in biochemical studies on membrane proteins are the recently developed styrene-maleic acid (SMA) amphipathic copolymers. In our recent study [1] we demonstrated that using this approach, most T cell membrane proteins were fully solubilized (presumably in small nanodiscs), while two types of raft proteins, GPI-anchored proteins and Src family kinases, were mostly present in much larger (>250 nm) membrane fragments markedly enriched in typical raft lipids, cholesterol and lipids containing saturated fatty acid residues. In the present study we demonstrate that disintegration of membranes of several other cell types by means of SMA copolymer follows a similar pattern and we provide a detailed proteomic and lipidomic characterization of these SMA-resistant membrane fragments (SRMs).


Assuntos
Poliestirenos , Proteômica , Poliestirenos/química , Maleatos/análise , Maleatos/química , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Microdomínios da Membrana , Membrana Celular/química
18.
Eur Biophys J ; 52(1-2): 39-51, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36786921

RESUMO

From the discovery of the first membrane-interacting polymer, styrene maleic-acid (SMA), there has been a rapid development of membrane solubilising polymers. These new polymers can solubilise membranes under a wide range of conditions and produce varied sizes of nanoparticles, yet there has been a lack of broad comparison between the common polymer types and solubilising conditions. Here, we present a comparative study on the three most common commercial polymers: SMA 3:1, SMA 2:1, and DIBMA. Additionally, this work presents, for the first time, a comparative characterisation of polymethacrylate copolymer (PMA). Absorbance and dynamic light scattering measurements were used to evaluate solubilisation across key buffer conditions in a simple, adaptable assay format that looked at pH, salinity, and divalent cation concentration. Lipid-polymer nanoparticles formed from SMA variants were found to be the most susceptible to buffer effects, with nanoparticles from either zwitterionic DMPC or POPC:POPG (3:1) bilayers only forming in low to moderate salinity (< 600 mM NaCl) and above pH 6. DIBMA-lipid nanoparticles could be formed above a pH of 5 and were stable in up to 4 M NaCl. Similarly, PMA-lipid nanoparticles were stable in all NaCl concentrations tested (up to 4 M) and a broad pH range (3-10). However, for both DIBMA and PMA nanoparticles there is a severe penalty observed for bilayer solubilisation in non-optimal conditions or when using a charged membrane. Additionally, lipid fluidity of the DMPC-polymer nanoparticles was analysed through cw-EPR, showing no cooperative gel-fluid transition as would be expected for native-like lipid membranes.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Polímeros , Dimiristoilfosfatidilcolina , Cloreto de Sódio , Bicamadas Lipídicas , Estireno , Maleatos
19.
Langmuir ; 39(6): 2450-2459, 2023 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36724350

RESUMO

Membrane proteins are an essential part of signaling and transport processes and are targeted by multiple drugs. To isolate and investigate them in their native state, polymer-bounded nanodiscs have become valuable tools. In this study, we investigate the lipid model system dimyristoyl-phosphocholine (DMPC) with the nanodisc-forming copolymers styrene maleic acid (SMA) and diisobutylene maleic acid (DIBMA). Using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and dynamic light scattering (DLS), we studied the influence of polymer concentration and temperature on the nanodisc structure. In Tris buffer, the size of nanodiscs formed with SMA is smaller compared to DIBMA at the same polymer ratio. In both cases, the size decreases monotonically with increasing polymer concentration, and this effect is more pronounced when using SMA. Measurements at temperatures (T) between 5 and 30 °C in phosphate buffer showed an incomplete solubilization at high T even at polymer/lipid ratios above that required for complete lipid solubilization. For DIBMA, the nanodiscs developed at lower temperatures are stable and the net repulsion increases, while for SMA, the individual nanodiscs possess smaller sizes and are less affected by T. However, using DLS, one can observe SMA agglomerates at low T. Interestingly, for both polymers, no drastic changes of the observable parameters (radius and bilayer thickness) are seen upon cooling, which would indicate a sharp (first-order) phase transition from liquid-crystalline to gel, but only gradual changes. Hence, we conclude that the transition from a gel toward a liquid-crystalline lipid phase proceeds over a broad T-range compared to a continuous lipid bilayer. These results can pave the way toward the development of better protocols for studying membrane proteins stabilized in this type of membrane mimics.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas , Nanoestruturas/química , Polímeros/química , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Difração de Raios X , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química , Maleatos/química , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Estireno/química
20.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis ; 27(1): 28-33, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36853125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bedaquiline (BDQ) as a fumarate salt is indicated as part of a regimen to treat multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). BDQ benzoate and maleate have been identified as promising alternatives that will encourage generic pharmaceutical houses to manufacture this drug. Our study compared the pharmacokinetics (PK) of BDQ fumarate vs. the maleate and benzoate salts in dogs.METHODS: The PK of BDQ and its active N-desmethyl metabolite M2 following intravenous administration of 1 mg/kg BDQ (as fumarate) and oral administration of 10 mg/kg BDQ as fumarate, benzoate, or maleate salts in suspension to fasted male beagle dogs was evaluated in a parallel-group and crossover study with N = 4 per group. BDQ and M2 plasma concentrations were determined up to 168 h post-dose. T-tests were conducted to compare the area under the curve, AUC0-t among groups.RESULTS: Orally administered fumarate, benzoate, and maleate salts, in parallel-group design, resulted in mean BDQ AUC0-t of 9,267 ± SD 10,182, 19,258 ± SD 11,803, and 15,396 ± SD 9,170 ng.h/ml, respectively; and in a crossover design of 9,267 ± SD 10,182, 17,441 ± SD 24,049, and 18,087 ± SD 19,758 ng.h/ml, respectively. P values were >0.05.CONCLUSION: There was no statistically significant difference in BDQ and M2 AUC0-t following oral administration of fumarate, benzoate and maleate salts in dogs.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos , Benzoatos , Fumaratos , Maleatos , Animais , Cães , Masculino , Benzoatos/farmacocinética , Disponibilidade Biológica , Estudos Cross-Over , Fumaratos/farmacocinética , Maleatos/farmacocinética , Sais , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/tratamento farmacológico , Antituberculosos/farmacocinética
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