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1.
J Biol Inorg Chem ; 29(3): 279-290, 2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720157

RESUMO

Copper-containing nitrous oxide reductase catalyzes a 2-electron reduction of the green-house gas N2O to yield N2. It contains two metal centers, the binuclear electron transfer site CuA, and the unique, tetranuclear CuZ center that is the site of substrate binding. Different forms of the enzyme were described previously, representing variations in oxidation state and composition of the metal sites. Hypothesizing that many reported discrepancies in the structural data may be due to radiation damage during data collection, we determined the structure of anoxically isolated Marinobacter nauticus N2OR from diffraction data obtained with low-intensity X-rays from an in-house rotating anode generator and an image plate detector. The data set was of exceptional quality and yielded a structure at 1.5 Å resolution in a new crystal form. The CuA site of the enzyme shows two distinct conformations with potential relevance for intramolecular electron transfer, and the CuZ cluster is present in a [4Cu:2S] configuration. In addition, the structure contains three additional types of ions, and an analysis of anomalous scattering contributions confirms them to be Ca2+, K+, and Cl-. The uniformity of the present structure supports the hypothesis that many earlier analyses showed inhomogeneities due to radiation effects. Adding to the earlier description of the same enzyme with a [4Cu:S] CuZ site, a mechanistic model is presented, with a structurally flexible CuZ center that does not require the complete dissociation of a sulfide prior to N2O binding.


Assuntos
Marinobacter , Oxirredutases , Marinobacter/enzimologia , Oxirredutases/química , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Cobre/química , Cobre/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Cristalografia por Raios X
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568082

RESUMO

A novel moderately halophilic, Gram-stain-negative and facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated as strain TBZ242T, was isolated from water of Urmia Lake in the Azerbaijan region of Iran. The cells were found to be rod-shaped and motile by a single polar flagellum, producing circular and yellowish colonies. The strain could grow in the presence of 0.5-10 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.5-5 %). The temperature and pH ranges for growth were 15-45 °C (optimum 30 °C) and pH 7.0-11.0 (optimum pH 8.0) on marine agar. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain TBZ242T belonged to the genus Marinobacter, showing the highest similarities to Marinobacter algicola DG893T (98.8 %), Marinobacter vulgaris F01T (98.8 %), Marinobacter salarius R9SW1T (98.5 %), Marinobacter panjinensis PJ-16T (98.4 %), Marinobacter orientalis W62T (98.0 %) and Marinobacter denitrificans JB2H27T (98.0 %). The 16S rRNA and core-genome phylogenetic trees showed that strain TBZ242T formed a distinct branch, closely related to a subclade accommodating M. vulgaris, M. orientalis, M. panjinensis, M. denitrificans, M. algicola, M. salarius and M. iranensis, within the genus Marinobacter. Average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain TBZ242T and the type strains of the related species of Marinobacter were ≤85.0 and 28.6 %, respectively, confirming that strain TBZ242T represents a distinct species. The major cellular fatty acids of strain TBZ242T were C16 : 0 and C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c and the quinone was ubiquinone Q-9. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain TBZ242T is 57.2 mol%. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic data, strain TBZ242T represents a novel species within the genus Marinobacter, for which the name Marinobacter azerbaijanicus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TBZ242T (= CECT 30649T = IBRC-M 11466T). Genomic fragment recruitment analysis showed that this species prefers aquatic saline environments with intermediate salinities, being detected on metagenomic databases of Lake Meyghan (Iran) with 5 and 18 % salinity, respectively.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Marinobacter , Irã (Geográfico) , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , Lagos , Marinobacter/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591775

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and halotolerant bacterium, designated as strain ASW11-75T, was isolated from intertidal sediments in Qingdao, PR China, and identified using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Growth of strain ASW11-75T occurred at 10-45 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 6.5-9.0 (optimum, pH 8.0) and 0.5-18.0 % NaCl concentrations (optimum, 2.5 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and 1179 single-copy orthologous clusters indicated that strain ASW11-75T is affiliated with the genus Marinobacter. Strain ASW11-75T showed highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to 'Marinobacter arenosus' CAU 1620T (98.5 %). The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between strain ASW11-75T and its closely related strains (Marinobacter salarius R9SW1T, Marinobacter similis A3d10T, 'Marinobacter arenosus' CAU 1620T, Marinobacter sediminum R65T, Marinobacter salinus Hb8T, Marinobacter alexandrii LZ-8T and Marinobacter nauticus ATCC 49840T) were 19.8-24.5 % and 76.6-80.7 %, respectively. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c and C16 : 0 N alcohol. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophospholipid and two unidentified lipids. The major isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-9. The genomic DNA G+C content was 62.2 mol%. Based on genomic and gene function analysis, strain ASW11-75T had lower protein isoelectric points with higher ratios of acidic residues to basic residues and possessed genes related to ion transport and organic osmoprotectant uptake, implying its potential tolerance to salt. The results of polyphasic characterization indicated strain ASW11-75T represents a novel Marinobacter species, for which the name Marinobacter qingdaonensis sp. nov. with the type strain ASW11-75T is proposed. The type strain is ASW11-75T (=KCTC 82497T=MCCC 1K05587T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Marinobacter , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana
4.
Curr Microbiol ; 81(6): 138, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609554

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium with a rod-to-ovoid shape, named strain M216T, was isolated from sand sediment from the coastal intertidal zone of Huludao, Liaoning Province, China. Growth was observed at 8-40 °C (optimal, 30 °C), pH 5.5-9.5 (optimal, pH 6.5) and 0.5-14.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimal, 6%). Strain M216T possessed ubiquinone-9 as its sole respiratory quinone and phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophosphoglycolipid, one unidentified aminophospholipid, two unidentified phosphoglycolipids, three unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified glycolipids as the main polar lipids. C12:0, C16:0, C12:0 3-OH, C16:1 ω9c, C18:1 ω9c and summed features 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c) were the major fatty acids (> 5%). The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain M216T exhibited high similarity to those of 'Marinobacter arenosus' CAU 1620T and Marinobacter adhaerens HP15T (99.3% and 98.5%, respectively) and less than 98.5% similarity to those of the other type strains. The ANI and dDDH values between the strain M216T and 'Marinobacter arenosus' CAU 1620T were 87.4% and 33.3%, respectively; these values were the highest among the other type strains but lower than the species threshold. The G+C content of strain M216T was 58.3%. Genomic analysis revealed that strain M216T harbors the major CAZymes of GH13, GH23, GH73, and PL5, which are responsible for polysaccharide degradation and the potential ability to reduce nitrate to ammonia. Through phenotypic, genotypic, and chemotaxonomic analyses, we proposed the name Marinobacter albus sp. nov., a novel species in the genus Marinobacter, with its type strain M216T (= MCCC 1K08600T = KCTC 82894T).


Assuntos
Marinobacter , Marinobacter/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Areia , Amônia , China
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38289227

RESUMO

Three bacterial strains, namely LPB0304T, LPB0319T and LPB0142T, were isolated from coastal environments. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the three isolates were found to show the highest sequence similarities to Massilia litorea (98.44 %), Marinobacter salinisoli (97.55 %) and Rhodobacter lacus (97.60 %), respectively. The low (<98.7 %) sequence similarities and tree topologies implied the novelty of the three isolates, representing novel genomic species of the genus Massilia, Marinobacter and Rhodobacter. Numerous biochemical and physiological features also supported the distinctiveness of the isolates from previously known species. Based on the phenotypic and phylogenetic data presented in this study, three novel species are suggested with the following names: Massilia litorea sp. nov. (LPB0304T=KACC 21523T=ATCC TSD-216T), Marinobacter salinisoli sp. nov. (LPB0319T=KACC 21522T=ATCC TSD-218T) and Rhodobacter xanthinilyticus sp. nov. (LPB0142T=KACC 18892T=JCM 31567T).


Assuntos
Marinobacter , Oxalobacteraceae , Marinobacter/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , Rhodobacter
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 73(10)2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37889849

RESUMO

A novel halophilic bacterium, strain 71-iT, was isolated from Inche-Broun hypersaline lake in Golestan province, in the north of Iran. It was a Gram-stain-negative, non-endospore forming, rod-shaped bacterium. It grew at 4-40 °C (optimum 30 °C), pH 6.0-11.0 (optimum pH 7.5) and with 0.5-15 % (w/v) NaCl [optimum 3 % (w/v) NaCl]. The results of phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison indicated its affiliation to the genus Marinobacter and the low percentage of identity with the most closely related species (97.5 %), indicated its placement as a novel species within this genus. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values and average nucleotide identity (ANI) analyses of this strain against closely related species confirmed its condition of novel taxon. On the other hand, the percentage of the average amino acid identity (AAI) affiliated strain 71-iT within the genus Marinobacter. The DNA G+C content of this isolate was 57.7 mol%. The major fatty acids were C16 : 0 and C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c. Ubiquinone-9 was the major isoprenoid quinone and diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) were the main polar lipids of this strain. On the basis of the phylogenomic and phenotypic (including chemotaxonomic) features, we propose strain 71-iT (= IBRC M 11023T = CECT 30160T = LMG 29252T) as the type strain of a novel species within the genus Marinobacter, with the name Marinobacter iranensis sp. nov. Genomic detections of this strain in various metagenomic databases indicate that it is a relatively abundant species in environments with low salinities (approximately 5 % salinity), but not in hypersaline habitats with high salt concentrations.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Marinobacter , Ácidos Graxos/química , Lagos/microbiologia , Cloreto de Sódio , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Fosfolipídeos/química
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(12)2023 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37373403

RESUMO

Dps proteins (DNA-binding proteins from starved cells) are multifunctional stress defense proteins from the Ferritin family expressed in Prokarya during starvation and/or acute oxidative stress. Besides shielding bacterial DNA through binding and condensation, Dps proteins protect the cell from reactive oxygen species by oxidizing and storing ferrous ions within their cavity, using either hydrogen peroxide or molecular oxygen as the co-substrate, thus reducing the toxic effects of Fenton reactions. Interestingly, the interaction between Dps and transition metals (other than iron) is a known but relatively uncharacterized phenomenon. The impact of non-iron metals on the structure and function of Dps proteins is a current topic of research. This work focuses on the interaction between the Dps from Marinobacter nauticus (a marine facultative anaerobe bacterium capable of degrading petroleum hydrocarbons) and the cupric ion (Cu2+), one of the transition metals of greater biological relevance. Results obtained using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), Mössbauer and UV/Visible spectroscopies revealed that Cu2+ ions bind to specific binding sites in Dps, exerting a rate-enhancing effect on the ferroxidation reaction in the presence of molecular oxygen and directly oxidizing ferrous ions when no other co-substrate is present, in a yet uncharacterized redox reaction. This prompts additional research on the catalytic properties of Dps proteins.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias , Marinobacter , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Marinobacter/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Íons , Oxigênio
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37167094

RESUMO

Two moderately halotolerant bacterium strains, designated PJ-16T and PJ-38, were isolated from a tidal flat of the red beach in Panjin City, Liaoning Province, PR China. Cells were found to be Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile, rod-shaped with a single polar flagellum. Optimum growth of strain PJ-16T occurred at 30 °C, pH 7.0 and 0.2-8.0  % (w/v) NaCl, and strain PJ-38 at 30 °C, pH 6.0-7.0 and 0.2-8.0  % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain PJ-16T was most closely related to Marinobacter denitrificans KCTC 62941T (99.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Marinobacter algicola DSM 16394T (98.6 %), Marinobacter salarius JCM 19399T (98.4 %) and Marinobacter confluentis KCTC 42705T (98.2 %), and strain PJ-38 was most closely related to M. denitrificans KCTC 62941T (99.1 %), M. algicola DSM 16394T (98.6 %), M. salarius JCM 19399T (98.4 %) and M. confluentis KCTC 42705T (98.1 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain PJ-16T based on its draft genomic sequence was 57.4 mol%. The major cellular fatty acids of strain PJ-16T were C16 : 0, C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c and C18 : 1 ω9c. The major respiratory quinone of PJ-16T was ubiquinone-9 and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. The results of the phenotypic, phylogenetic and genomic analyses revealed that strains PJ-16T and PJ-38 represent a novel species of the genus Marinobacter, and the name Marinobacter panjinensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is PJ-16T (= CGMCC 1.13694T= KCTC 72023T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Marinobacter , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Cloreto de Sódio , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana
9.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(12): 34296-34305, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512278

RESUMO

Naphthenic acid (NA) is a toxic pollutant with potential threat to human health. However, NA transformations in marine environments are still unclear. In this study, the characteristics and pathways of cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (CHCA) biodegradation were explored in the presence of nitrate. The results showed that CHCA was completely degraded with pseudo-first-order kinetic reaction under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, accompanied by nitrate removal rates exceeding 70%, which was positively correlated with CHCA degradation (P < 0.05). In the proposed CHCA degradation pathways, cyclohexane is dehydrogenated to form cyclohexene, followed by ring-opening by dioxygenase to generate fatty acid under aerobic conditions or cleavage of cyclohexene through ß-oxidation under anaerobic conditions. Whole genome analysis indicated that nitrate was removed via assimilation and dissimilation pathways under aerobic conditions and via denitrification pathway under anaerobic conditions. These results provide a basis for alleviating combined pollution of NA and nitrate in marine environments with frequent anthropogenic activities.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cicloexanocarboxílicos , Marinobacter , Humanos , Nitratos , Cicloexenos , Desnitrificação
10.
Microb Biotechnol ; 16(3): 494-506, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464922

RESUMO

The junction of bioelectrochemical systems and synthetic biology opens the door to many potentially groundbreaking technologies. When developing these possibilities, choosing the correct chassis organism can save a great deal of engineering effort and, indeed, can mean the difference between success and failure. Choosing the correct chassis for a specific application requires a knowledge of the metabolic potential of the candidate organisms, as well as a clear delineation of the traits, required in the application. In this review, we will explore the metabolic and electrochemical potential of a single genus, Marinobacter. We will cover its strengths, (salt tolerance, biofilm formation and electrochemical potential) and weaknesses (insufficient characterization of many strains and a less developed toolbox for genetic manipulation) in potential synthetic electromicrobiology applications. In doing so, we will provide a roadmap for choosing a chassis organism for bioelectrochemical systems.


Assuntos
Marinobacter , Biotecnologia , Fenótipo , Biologia Sintética , Engenharia Metabólica
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077481

RESUMO

Protist grazing pressure plays a major role in controlling aquatic bacterial populations, affecting energy flow through the microbial loop and biogeochemical cycles. Predator-escape mechanisms might play a crucial role in energy flow through the microbial loop, but are yet understudied. For example, some bacteria can use planktonic as well as surface-associated habitats, providing a potential escape mechanism to habitat-specific grazers. We investigated the escape response of the marine bacterium Marinobacter adhaerens in the presence of either planktonic (nanoflagellate: Cafeteria roenbergensis) or surface-associated (amoeba: Vannella anglica) protist predators, following population dynamics over time. In the presence of V. anglica, M. adhaerens cell density increased in the water, but decreased on solid surfaces, indicating an escape response towards the planktonic habitat. In contrast, the planktonic predator C. roenbergensis induced bacterial escape to the surface habitat. While C. roenbergensis cell numbers dropped substantially after a sharp initial increase, V. anglica exhibited a slow, but constant growth throughout the entire experiment. In the presence of C. roenbergensis, M. adhaerens rapidly formed cell clumps in the water habitat, which likely prevented consumption of the planktonic M. adhaerens by the flagellate, resulting in a strong decline in the predator population. Our results indicate an active escape of M. adhaerens via phenotypic plasticity (i.e., behavioral and morphological changes) against predator ingestion. This study highlights the potentially important role of behavioral escape mechanisms for community composition and energy flow in pelagic environments, especially with globally rising particle loads in aquatic systems through human activities and extreme weather events.


Assuntos
Plâncton , Estramenópilas , Bactérias , Ecossistema , Humanos , Marinobacter , Água
12.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 128: 695-702, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35981702

RESUMO

Adjuvants that would help optimize fish vaccines against bacterial and viral pathogens are highly demanded by the aquaculture sector. Flagellin has been proposed as an immunostimulant and an adjuvant for more than a decade. However, the adjuvant ability of flagellins with hypervariable region deleted is still unclear in fish. In this study, we evaluated the immune-stimulating capacity of two recombinant flagellins, the wild-type flagellin F from Marinobacter algicola and a version with the hypervariable region deleted (FredV2), to induce the transcription of a wide range of immune genes using two rainbow trout cell lines: a monocyte/macrophage-cell line (RTS-11) and an epithelial cell line from intestine (RTgutGC). Additionally, we studied the capacity of both flagellins to limit the replication of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) on the RTgutGC cell line. Our results demonstrated that both recombinant flagellins can significantly increase the transcription of IL-1ß1, IL-6, and IL-8 in both cell lines. However, other cytokines such as IFNγ1, and TNFα or antimicrobial peptides such as hepcidin were induced by both flagellins in RTgutGC but not in RTS-11 cells. Furthermore, both flagellins were capable of reducing the replication of VHSV in RTgutGC cells. Although the immunostimulatory and the antiviral capacities exerted by F were slightly more potent than those obtained with FredV2, the effects were retained after losing the hypervariable region. Our results provide new information on the immunostimulating and antiviral capacities of flagellins that point to their potential as suitable adjuvants for the future optimization of vaccines in aquaculture.


Assuntos
Septicemia Hemorrágica Viral , Novirhabdovirus , Oncorhynchus mykiss , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Animais , Antivirais , Citocinas/genética , Flagelina/farmacologia , Hepcidinas , Interleucina-6 , Interleucina-8 , Marinobacter , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
13.
Curr Microbiol ; 79(10): 294, 2022 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35989347

RESUMO

Haloalkophilic bacteria have a potential advantage as a bioremediation organism of high oil-polluted and industrial wastewater. In the current study, Haloalkaliphilic isolates were obtained from Hamralake, Wadi EL-Natrun, Egypt. The phenotype script, biochemical characters, and sequence analysis of bacterial-16S rRNA were used to identify the bacterial isolates; Halomonas HA1 and Marinobacter HA2. These strains required high concentrations of NaCl to ensure bacterial growth, especially Halomonas HA1 strain. Notably, both isolates can degrade phenol at optimal pH values, between 8 and 9, with the ability to grow in pH levels up to 11, like what was seen in the Halomonas HA1 strain. Moreover, both isolates represent two different mechanistic pathways for phenol degradation. Halomonas HA1 exploits the 1,2 phenol meta-cleavage pathway, while Marinobacter HA2 uses the 2,3 ortho-cleavage pathway as indicated by universal primers for 1,2 and 2,3 CTD genes. Interestingly, Marinobacter HA2 isolate eliminated the added phenol within an incubation period of 72 h, while the Halomonas HA1 isolate invested 96 h in degrading 84% of the same amount of phenol. Phylogenetic analysis of these 1,2 CTD (catechol dioxygenase) sequences clearly showed an evolutionary relationship between 1,2 dioxygenases of both Halomonadaceae and Pseudomonadaceae. In comparison, 2,3 CTD of Marinobacter HA2 shared the main domains of the closely related species. Furthermore, semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis proved the constitutive expression pattern of both dioxygenase genes. These findings provide new isolates of Halomonas sp. and Marinobacter sp. that can degrade phenol at high salt and pH conditions via two independent mechanisms.


Assuntos
Dioxigenases , Halomonas , Marinobacter , Dioxigenases/genética , Dioxigenases/metabolismo , Marinobacter/genética , Fenol/metabolismo , Fenóis/metabolismo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo
14.
Environ Pollut ; 308: 119730, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35809715

RESUMO

PAHs have been widely detected to accumulate in saline and hypersaline environments. Moderately halophilic microbes are considered the most suitable player for the elimination of PAHs in such environments. In this study, consortium 5H was enriched under 5% salinity and completely degraded phenanthrene in 5 days. By high-throughput sequencing, consortium 5H was identified as being mainly composed of Methylophaga, Marinobacter and Thalassospira. Combined with the investigation of intermediates and enzymatic activities, the degradation pathway of consortium 5H on phenanthrene was proposed. Consortium 5H was identified as having the ability to tolerate a wide range of salinities (1%-10%) and initial PAH concentrations (50 mg/L to 400 mg/L). It was also able to function under neutral to weak alkaline conditions (pH from 6 to 9) and the phytotoxicity of the produced intermediates showed no significant difference with distilled water. Furthermore, the metagenome of consortium 5H was measured and analyzed, which showed a great abundance of catabolic genes contained in consortium 5H. This study expanded the knowledge of PAH-degradation under hypersaline environments and consortium 5H was proposed to have good potential for the elimination of PAH pollution in saline/hypersaline environments.


Assuntos
Marinobacter , Fenantrenos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Biodegradação Ambiental , Marinobacter/genética , Marinobacter/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/metabolismo , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/metabolismo , Salinidade
15.
Environ Res ; 212(Pt A): 113176, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35364039

RESUMO

Sulfide generally exists in wastewater, black and odor river, as well as aquaculture water, and give rise to adverse effect on ecological stability and biological safety, due to the toxicity, corrosivity and malodor of sulfide. In the present study, a chemolithotrophic sulfide-oxidizing bacteria (SOB) was isolated and identified as Marinobacter maroccanus strain SDSWS8. And it produced no hemolysin and was susceptible to most antibiotics. There were no accumulation of sulfide, sulfate and thiosulfate during the sulfide removal process. The optimum conditions of sulfide removal were temperature 15-40 °C, initial pH value 4.5-9.5, salinity 10-40‰, C/N ratio 0-20 and sulfide concentration 25-150 mg/L. The key genes of sulfide oxidation, Sox system (soxB, soxX, soxA, soxZ, soxY, soxD, soxC), dissimilatory sulfur oxidation (dsrA, aprA and sat) and sqr, were successfully amplified and expressed, indicating the three pathways coordinated to complete the sulfide oxidation. Besides, strain SDSWS8 had inhibitory effect on four pathogen Vibrio (V. harveyi, V. parahaemolyticus, V. anguillarum and V. splendidus). Furthermore, efficient removal of sulfide from real aquaculture water and sludge mixture could be accomplished by strain SDSWS8. This study may provide a promising candidate strain for sulfide-rich water treatment.


Assuntos
Marinobacter , Bactérias/metabolismo , Marinobacter/genética , Marinobacter/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Sulfetos/toxicidade , Enxofre/metabolismo
16.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0263420, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35196352

RESUMO

Marine microbial communities play an important role in biodegradation of subsurface plumes of oil that form after oil is accidentally released from a seafloor wellhead. The response of these mesopelagic microbial communities to the application of chemical dispersants following oil spills remains a debated topic. While there is evidence that contrasting results in some previous work may be due to differences in dosage between studies, the impacts of these differences on mesopelagic microbial community composition remains unconstrained. To answer this open question, we exposed a mesopelagic microbial community from the Gulf of Mexico to oil alone, three concentrations of oil dispersed with Corexit 9500, and three concentrations of Corexit 9500 alone over long periods of time. We analyzed changes in hydrocarbon chemistry, cell abundance, and microbial community composition at zero, three and six weeks. The lowest concentration of dispersed oil yielded hydrocarbon concentrations lower than oil alone and microbial community composition more similar to control seawater than any other treatments with oil or dispersant. Higher concentrations of dispersed oil resulted in higher concentrations of microbe-oil microaggregates and similar microbial composition to the oil alone treatment. The genus Colwellia was more abundant when exposed to multiple concentrations of dispersed oil, but not when exposed to dispersant alone. Conversely, the most abundant Marinobacter amplicon sequence variant (ASV) was not influenced by dispersant when oil was present and showed an inverse relationship to the summed abundance of Alcanivorax ASVs. As a whole, the data presented here show that the concentration of oil strongly impacts microbial community response, more so than the presence of dispersant, confirming the importance of the concentrations of both oil and dispersant in considering the design and interpretation of results for oil spill simulation experiments.


Assuntos
Lipídeos/farmacologia , Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos , Microbiota/genética , Poluição por Petróleo/efeitos adversos , Água do Mar/química , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alcanivoraceae/genética , Alteromonadaceae/genética , Biodegradação Ambiental/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , Golfo do México , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Marinobacter/genética , Petróleo/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
17.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(2): 155, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35094174

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile bacterium, designated strain CAU 1620T, was isolated from a tidal flat sediment in Incheon, Republic of Korea. Strain CAU 1620T grew optimally at 30 °C and pH 8.0 in the presence of 6.0% (w/v) NaCl. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain CAU 1620T showed the highest similarity to Marinobacter adhaerens DSM 23420T (98.5%), followed by Marinobacter algicola DSM 16394T (98.3%) and Marinobacter maroccanus LMG 30465T (98.2%). The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridisation values between strain CAU 1620T and related strains were estimated as 75.6-78.1% and 19.5-20.9%, respectively. The DNA G + C content based on the draft genome sequence was 59.2%, and the major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-9. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C12:0, C16:0, C18:1 ω9c, and C12:0 3OH. The predominant polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylglycerol. According to phenotypic, genotypic, and chemotaxonomic analyses, strain CAU 1620T represents a novel species of the genus Marinobacter, for which the name Marinobacter arenosus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CAU 1620T (= KCTC 82431T = MCCC 1K06079T).


Assuntos
Marinobacter , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Marinobacter/genética , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(11)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762582

RESUMO

A novel marine bacterium, designated strain CHFG3-1-5T, was isolated from mangrove sediment sampled at Jiulong River estuary, Fujian, PR China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain CHFG3-1-5T belonged to the genus Marinobacter, with the highest sequence similarity to Marinobacter segnicrescens SS011B1-4T (97.6%), followed by Marinobacter nanhaiticus D15-8WT (97.5%), Marinobacter bohaiensis T17T (97.1%) and Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus SP.17T (90.6%). The bacterium was Gram-stain-negative, facultative anaerobic, oxidase- and catalase-positive, rod-shaped and motile with a polar flagellum. Strain CHFG3-1-5T grew optimally at 32-37 °C, pH 6.0-8.0 and in the presence of 2.0-3.0% (w/v) NaCl. The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA was 61.1 mol%. The major respiratory quinone was determined to be Q-9. The principal fatty acids were C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c/ω6c), C12 : 0, summed feature 9 (C17 : 1 iso ω9c and/or C16 : 0 10-methyl), C12 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, three phospholipids, one glycolipid and two aminolipids. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values among the genomes of strain CHFG3-1-5T and the reference strains were 73.4-79.4 and 19.6-22.4%, respectively. Like many other species reported in the genus Marinobacter, strain CHFG3-1-5T was able to oxidise iron. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data showed that strain CHFG3-1-5T represents a novel species within the genus Marinobacter, for which the name Marinobacter mangrovi sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain CHFG3-1-5T (=MCCC 1A18306T=KCTC 82398T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Marinobacter , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinobacter/classificação , Marinobacter/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química , Áreas Alagadas
19.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 87(24): e0136721, 2021 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586913

RESUMO

Autotrophic bacteria utilizing Fe(II) as their energy and electron sources for growth affect multiple biogeochemical cycles. Some chemoheterotrophic bacteria have also been considered to exhibit an Fe(II) oxidation phenotype. For example, several Marinobacter strains have been reported to oxidize Fe(II) based on formation of oxidized iron bands in semi-solid gradient tubes that produce opposing concentration gradients of Fe(II) and oxygen. While gradient tubes are a simple and visually compelling method to test for Fe(II) oxidation, this method alone cannot confirm if, and to what extent, Fe(II) oxidation is linked to metabolism in chemoheterotrophic bacteria. Here we probe the possibility of protein-mediated and metabolic by-product-mediated Fe(II) oxidation in Marinobacter subterrani JG233, a chemoheterotroph previously proposed to oxidize Fe(II). Results from conditional and mutant studies, along with measurements of Fe(II) oxidation rates, suggest M. subterrani is unlikely to facilitate Fe(II) oxidation under microaerobic conditions. We conclude that the Fe(II) oxidation phenotype observed in gradient tubes inoculated with M. subterrani JG233 is a result of oligo-heterotrophic activity, shifting the location where oxygen dependent chemical Fe(II) oxidation occurs, rather than a biologically mediated process. IMPORTANCE Gradient tubes are the most commonly used method to isolate and identify neutrophilic Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria. The formation of oxidized iron bands in gradient tubes provides a compelling assay to ascribe the ability to oxidize Fe(II) to autotrophic bacteria whose growth is dependent on Fe(II) oxidation. However, the physiological significance of Fe(II) oxidation in chemoheterotrophic bacteria is less well understood. Our work suggests that oligo-heterotrophic activity of certain bacteria may create a false-positive phenotype in gradient tubes by altering the location of the abiotic, oxygen-mediated oxidized iron band. Based on the results and analysis presented here, we caution against utilizing gradient tubes as the sole evidence for the capability of a strain to oxidize Fe(II) and that additional experiments are necessary to ascribe this phenotype to new isolates.


Assuntos
Compostos Ferrosos/metabolismo , Marinobacter , Marinobacter/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Fenótipo
20.
Soft Matter ; 17(37): 8474-8482, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586147

RESUMO

We identify factors leading to aggregation of bacteria in the presence of a surfactant using absorbance and microscopy. Two marine bacteria, Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus SP17 and Halomonas titanicae Bead 10BA, formed aggregates of a broad size distribution in synthetic sea water in the presence of an anionic surfactant, dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate (DOSS). Both DOSS at high concentrations and calcium ions were necessary for aggregate formation, but DOSS micelles were not required for aggregation. Addition of proteinase K but not DNase1 eliminated aggregate formation over two hours. Finally, swimming motility also enhanced aggregate formation.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Tensoativos , Bactérias , Halomonas , Íons , Marinobacter
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