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1.
Am J Disaster Med ; 19(1): 53-58, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597647

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess pediatric disaster medicine (PDM) instruction in emergency medicine (EM) residency programs and to identify barriers to integrating these skills into EM training. METHODS: National survey study of United States EM Residency Program Directors (PDs) and Assistant PDs during the 2021-2022 academic year. RESULTS: Of the 186 EM residency programs identified, a total of 24 responses were recorded with a response rate of 12.9 percent. Importance of training was rated 5.79 (standard deviation 2.51) using the Likert scale ranging from 1 to 10. Out of 24 programs, 17 (70.8 percent) do not have any PDM training as part of residency training. Live drill, simulation, and tabletop were identified as most effective methods to deliver PDM training with the Likert scale score of 4.78, 4.6, and 4.47, respectively. Senior trainees' level of -knowledge/skills with family reunification (Likert 2.09/5; chemical-biological-radiological-nuclear explosive 2.95/5) and mass casualty preparation of the emergency department (3.3/5) as assessed by the respondents. The main barrier to education included logistics, eg, space and costs (Likert 3.7/5), lack of didactic time (3.7/5), and limited faculty knowledge, skill, or experience (3.3/5). CONCLUSION: PDM training is lacking and requires standardization. This study highlights the opportunity for the creation of a model for EM resident education in PDM.


Assuntos
Medicina de Desastres , Medicina de Emergência , Internato e Residência , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Criança , Currículo , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Medicina de Desastres/educação , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Prehosp Disaster Med ; 39(1): 13-19, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38197147

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Investigating the developments in the ever-growing field of disaster medicine and revealing the scientific trends will make an important contribution to researchers in related fields. This study aims to identify the contributions of emergency medicine physicians (EMPs) and trends in disaster medicine publications. METHODS: The expressions "disaster medicine" or "disaster*" and "medicine*" were searched in the Web of Science (WoS) database. Research and review papers produced by EMPs from 2001 through 2021 were included in the study. Basic descriptive information was assessed such as the number of publications, authors, citations, most active authors, institutions, countries, and journals. In addition, conceptual, intellectual, and social structures were analyzed. RESULTS: The study included a total of 346 papers written by 1,500 authors. The mean citation rate per publication was 13.2. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, and Academic Emergency Medicine were the journals with the highest number of publications and the highest number of citations. The most common keywords used by the authors were "disaster medicine," "emergency medicine," and "disaster/disasters." According to the distribution of the corresponding authors by country, the United States (n = 175), Japan (n = 23), Italy (n = 20), Australia (n = 17), and Canada (n = 17) had the highest number of publications. The institutions that produced the most publications were John Hopkins University (n = 37), Brigham and Women's Hospital (n = 27), George Washington University (n = 25), University Piemonte Orientale (n = 24), and Brown University (n = 22). CONCLUSION: Increasingly, EMPs have contributed to disaster medicine publications over the years. This study can be used as a guide for EMPs and other researchers who want to contribute to the disaster medicine literature.


Assuntos
Medicina de Desastres , Desastres , Medicina de Emergência , Médicos , Humanos , Feminino , Estados Unidos , Bibliometria
3.
Copenhagen; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; 2024. (WHO/EURO:2024-9192-48964-72963).
em Inglês | WHO IRIS | ID: who-375991

RESUMO

Regional European Emergency Medical Team Capabilities Hub (REECH) will be established in the WHO European Centre for Preparedness for Humanitarian and Health Emergencies (PHHE) in Istanbul, Türkiye to assist countries in the WHO European Region to strengthen their capacities for a health emergency response. REECH’s mission is to strengthen the capacity of the regional EMT network, national health systems and partners, to protect communities and improve patient health outcomes during health emergency response.To provide REECH with strategic direction to meet this goal and other health emergency workforce, a Regional EMT Knowledge and Capacity-strengthening Strategy (KCSS) was developed with the following strategic objectives: advancing EMT evidence-informed research; strengthening EMT knowledge transfer; and cultivating an enabling environment for EMT methodology. The KCSS will guide the EMT capacity-strengthening process led by REECH across five core areas of work: strengthening regional EMT governance; quality assurance and mentorship for national EMTs; advance EMT deployment and coordination in emergencies; improve the quality of EMT preparedness and response activities; and digitalization of the REECH and EMT work.As a regional platform for strengthening EMT capacity, REECH will be integrated into the EMT ecosystem within the EMT community, national health systems and partners as a target audience.


Assuntos
Medicina de Desastres , Planejamento em Desastres , Fortalecimento Institucional , Socorristas
4.
CJEM ; 25(12): 949-952, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37948002

RESUMO

Mass-casualty incidents have a significant global impact. Despite calls for improved disaster-preparedness training, most medical curriculums do not include formal disaster-medicine education. In 2021, the Medical Council of Canada introduced new disaster-medicine learning objectives. This article presents a mass-casualty-incident course for 3rd-year Canadian medical students. The course includes lectures, and a large-scale simulation of an explosion scene, field triage zone, and simulated emergency department (ED). The simulation incorporated "Dark-team-member" facilitators and 17 live actor and 8 mannequin patients with moulage. Pre-/post-event evaluation data was collected. One-hundred and twenty medical students participated in the course. Confidence in managing a real mass-casualty incident, on a scale from 1 to 10 (no-confidence to completely confident) significantly improved based on a Mann-Whitney U test, p < 0.05. Few formal medical student mass-casualty-incident courses exist. Combining "Dark-team-members" with live actors, imbedding clinician facilitators with medical students, and having a simulation with a continuous disaster scene to the ED are unique to this course. The methodology is presented for future replication.


RéSUMé: Les incidents faisant de nombreuses victimes ont un impact mondial significatif. Malgré les appels à l'amélioration de la formation à la préparation aux catastrophes, la plupart des cursus médicaux n'incluent pas de formation formelle à la médecine des catastrophes. En 2021, le Conseil médical du Canada a introduit de nouveaux objectifs d'apprentissage en médecine de catastrophe. Cet article présente un cours sur les accidents de masse destiné aux étudiants en médecine canadiens de troisième année. Le cours comprend des cours magistraux et une simulation à grande échelle d'une scène d'explosion, d'une zone de triage sur le terrain et d'un service d'urgence (SU) simulé. La simulation comprenait des facilitateurs "Dark-team-member" et 17 acteurs réels et 8 patients mannequins avec moulage. Des données d'évaluation avant/après l'événement ont été collectées. Cent vingt étudiants en médecine ont participé au cours. La confiance dans la gestion d'un véritable incident de masse, sur une échelle de 1 à 10 (aucune confiance à une confiance totale), s'est améliorée de manière significative d'après un test U de Mann-Whitney p<0,05. Il existe peu de cours formels sur les accidents de masse à l'intention des étudiants en médecine. La combinaison de " Dark-team-member " avec des acteurs en chair et en os, l'intégration d'animateurs cliniciens avec des étudiants en médecine et la simulation d'une scène de catastrophe continue au service des urgences sont des éléments uniques de ce cours. La méthodologie est présentée pour être reproduite à l'avenir.


Assuntos
Medicina de Desastres , Planejamento em Desastres , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Medicina de Desastres/educação , Planejamento em Desastres/métodos , Canadá , Triagem/métodos
6.
Prehosp Disaster Med ; 38(6): 697-698, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37970889

RESUMO

The recently published Model Core Content of Disaster Medicine introduces proposed curriculum elements for specialized education and training in Disaster Medicine. This editorial comments on the publishing decision for the manuscript.


Assuntos
Medicina de Desastres , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Humanos , Medicina de Desastres/educação , Currículo
7.
Prehosp Disaster Med ; 38(6): 699-706, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37869875

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Disaster Medicine (DM) is the clinical specialty whose expertise includes the care and management of patients and populations outside conventional care protocols. While traditional standards of care assume the availability of adequate resources, DM practitioners operate in situations where resources are not adequate, necessitating a modification in practice. While prior academic efforts have succeeded in developing a list of core disaster competencies for emergency medicine residency programs, international fellowships, and affiliated health care providers, no official standardized curriculum or consensus has yet been published to date for DM fellowship programs based in the United States. STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work is to define the core curriculum for DM physician fellowships in the United States, drawing consensus among existing DM fellowship directors. METHODS: A panel of DM experts was created from the members of the Council of Disaster Medicine Fellowship Directors. This council is an independent group of DM fellowship directors in the United States that have met annually at the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP)'s Scientific Assembly for the last eight years with meeting support from the Disaster Preparedness and Response Committee. Using a modified Delphi technique, the panel members revised and expanded on the existing Society of Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) DM fellowship curriculum, with the final draft being ratified by an anonymous vote. Multiple publications were reviewed during the process to ensure all potential topics were identified. RESULTS: The results of this effort produced the foundational curriculum, the 2023 Model Core Content of Disaster Medicine. CONCLUSION: Members from the Council of Disaster Medicine Fellowship Directors have developed the 2023 Model Core Content for Disaster Medicine in the United States. This living document defines the foundational curriculum for DM fellowships, providing the basis of a standardized experience, contributing to the development of a board-certified subspecialty, and informing fellowship directors and DM practitioners of content and topics that may appear on future certification examinations.


Assuntos
Medicina de Desastres , Medicina de Emergência , Médicos , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Medicina de Desastres/educação , Currículo , Certificação , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37835161

RESUMO

Planning the medical services for the triathlon competition at the 2020 Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games was predicted to be challenging because of possible last-minute changes related to the COVID-19 pandemic and abnormally high temperatures. Therefore, event planners organized and executed a disaster medical care plan, a plan for providing care during emergencies. Based on the basic medical plan for all venues provided by the Tokyo 2020 Organizing Committee, planners for the triathlon venue prepared a medical care plan according to the CSCATTT principles: Command and control, Safety, Communication, Assessment, Treatment, Triage, and Transport. After the event, planners evaluated the number of COVID-19, heatstroke, and injury cases at the venue. The events were conducted without spectators in July and August 2022 because at the last minute, planners held the event without spectators. The triathlon competition involved 638 individuals, including athletes and staff. In total, 7 cases of injuries, 3 cases of mild heatstroke, and 13 other cases were reported, with only 2 requiring emergency transportation. No cases of COVID-19 were reported from the triathlon venue, including during the observation period after the event. This medical plan was effective in preventing heatstroke and COVID-19 cases during the big event. Efficiently and effectively responding to various situations is possible in a shorter period by planning large-scale medical services for such special circumstances according to CSCATTT, a principle of disaster medical care.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Medicina de Desastres , Golpe de Calor , Humanos , Pandemias , Tóquio/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia
9.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; 17: e509, 2023 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37705279

RESUMO

For the first time in history, the United States surpassed 100 000 overdose-related deaths in a 12-month period, driven by synthetic opioids such as fentanyl. Also, for the first time, potential chemical weapons are readily available on the streets and the dark web. Opioids represent a rare trifecta, used for licit pain management, as an illicit drug of abuse, and with potential use as a weapon of terror. Community-based Response to Drug Overdose (CReDO) is an initiative to unite agencies, disciplines, government, and private partners in 1 coordinated opioid emergencies response plan under nationwide standards, and can be integrated into the disaster medicine discipline due to the risk of mass casualty incidents involving fentanyl or its derivatives. Attention to the opioid crisis through CReDO will save lives by promoting information sharing between disciplines, shortened response time to overdose clusters, community collaboration to identify criminal distribution networks, and holistic approaches to addiction.


Assuntos
Medicina de Desastres , Overdose de Drogas , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Epidemia de Opioides , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Fentanila , Overdose de Drogas/prevenção & controle , Overdose de Drogas/epidemiologia
10.
Washington, D.C.; OPAS; 2023-09-12.
em Português | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-57966

RESUMO

O objetivo deste manual é fornecer uma descrição clara dos princípios, padrões e normas que as equipes médicas de emergência (EMTs) devem cumprir para oferecer um atendimento de qualidade aos pacientes. Ele também pretende ser um guia prático e informativo para os Estados Membros, Ministérios da Saúde, técnicos nacionais e internacionais e outras partes interessadas importantes que desejam desenvolver essa capacidade e entender melhor os requisitos. Ele se baseia no conhecimento, na experiência e nas lições aprendidas de indivíduos e da rede de EMTs, e é complementado por informações e documentos de orientação técnica disponíveis na rede de conhecimento EMT. Esta edição da Classificação e padrões mínimos para equipes médicas de emergência amplia esses esforços, incorporando mais áreas para expansão da tipologia, das capacidades e das competências das EMT e refinando os princípios norteadores e os padrões fundamentais, além de adotar uma melhor estruturação de todos os padrões técnicos de cuidados clínicos e suporte operacional esperados das EMT. Além disso, este documento aproveita conhecimentos, experiências e lições aprendidas de indivíduos e da rede EMT.


Assuntos
Emergências , Equipe de Respostas Rápidas de Hospitais , Medicina de Desastres , Serviços Médicos de Emergência
11.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(4): 831-836, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37545082

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze Chinese national laws and regulations on emergencies from the perspective of nursing and on the basis of the crisis life cycle theory, to discuss the weaknesses in laws and regulations concerning emergencies, and to provide evidence for the definition of the scope of disaster nursing practice in China. Methods: We selected emergency laws and regulations promulgated by the National People's Congress and its Standing Committee and the State Council as the subject matter of the study, constructing the analysis framework on the basis of the core competence of disaster nursing and crisis life cycle theory. Then, the 16 laws and regulations included in the study were analyzed with NVivo 12 software by the content analysis method. Results: A total of 6 laws and regulations concerning earthquakes, 3 concerning infectious diseases, 2 concerning fire, 2 concerning food poisoning, 2 concerning emergencies, and 1 concerning flood were selected. A total of 24 food poisoning-related codes, 23 infectious disease codes, 22 emergency event codes, 22 earthquake codes, 21 fire codes, and 16 flood codes were obtained. In the key links of emergency preparedness, early prevention had the highest number of reference points, whereas collaborative response had the lowest number of reference points. In the key processes of emergency preparedness, aftermath management had the highest number of reference points, whereas social services and continuous operation had the lowest numbers of reference points. Conclusion: Laws and regulations concerning emergencies are generally formulated on the basis of certain historical experience, with collaborative response, social services, and continuous operation being the weak links and processes. In the process of disaster nursing practice, we should effectively make up for the weaknesses in laws and regulations concerning emergencies by utilizing the positive aspects and the essence of the discipline.


Assuntos
Medicina de Desastres , Enfermagem em Emergência , Humanos , China , Medicina de Desastres/legislação & jurisprudência , Emergências , Enfermagem em Emergência/legislação & jurisprudência , Modelos Teóricos
12.
Washington D.C; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; 1 ed; Ago. 2023. 162 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | MINSAPERÚ, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1510353

RESUMO

La presente publicación describe los principios y normas que deben cumplir los equipos médicos de emergencia (EMT) para prestar una asistencia de calidad a los pacientes. Asimismo , se trata de una guía práctica e informativa para los países, ministerios de sanidad, técnicos nacionales e internacionales y otras partes interesadas clave que deseen crear dicha capacidad y comprender mejor los requisitos. Además, se basa en los conocimientos, la experiencia y las lecciones aprendidas de particulares y de la red de EMTs, y se complementa con la información y los documentos de orientación técnica disponibles en la red de conocimientos de la iniciativa EMT


Assuntos
Emergências , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Medicina de Desastres , Equipe de Respostas Rápidas de Hospitais
13.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2023-08-18.
Não convencional em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-57880

RESUMO

El objetivo de este manual es ofrecer una descripción clara de los principios y normas y normas que deben cumplir los equipos médicos de emergencia (EMT) para prestar una asistencia de calidad a los pacientes. También pretende ser una guía práctica e informativa para los Estados miembros, ministerios de sanidad, técnicos nacionales e internacionales y otras partes interesadas clave que deseen crear dicha capacidad y comprender mejor los requisitos. Además, se basa en los conocimientos, la experiencia y las lecciones aprendidas de particulares y de la red de EMTs, y se complementa con la información y los documentos de orientación técnica disponibles en la red de conocimientos de la iniciativa EMT.


Assuntos
Emergências , Equipe de Respostas Rápidas de Hospitais , Medicina de Desastres , Serviços Médicos de Emergência
14.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; 17: e438, 2023 07 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37489507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Despite rising incidences of global disasters, basic principles of disaster medicine training are barely taught in Singapore's 3 medical schools. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current levels of emergency preparedness, attitudes, and perceptions of disaster medicine education among medical students in Singapore. METHODS: The Emergency Preparedness Information Questionnaire (EPIQ) was provided to enrolled medical students in Singapore by means of an online form, from March 6, 2020, to February 20, 2021. A total of 635 (25.7%) responses were collated and analyzed. RESULTS: Mean score for overall familiarity was low, at 1.50 ± 0.74, on a Likert scale of 1 for not familiar to 5 for very familiar. A total of 90.6% of students think that disaster medicine is an important facet of the curriculum, and 93.1% agree that training should be provided for medical students. Although 77.3% of respondents believe that they are unable to contribute to a disaster scenario currently, 92.8% believe that they will be able to contribute with formal training. CONCLUSIONS: Despite low levels of emergency preparedness knowledge, the majority of medical students in Singapore are keen for adaptation of disaster medicine into the current curriculum to be able to contribute more effectively. This can arm future health-care professionals with the confidence to respond to any potential emergency.


Assuntos
Defesa Civil , Medicina de Desastres , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Singapura , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
15.
Rev. esp. med. legal ; 49(2): 71-78, Abril - Junio 2023. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-224050

RESUMO

La identificación de cadáveres en sucesos con múltiples víctimas es un reto y una de las actividades principales de la patología forense. De la correcta identificación y gestión de identificación se derivan repercusiones legales, humanitarias y sociales generando un gran impacto.El objetivo del presente trabajo es presentar el proceso de gestión e identificación de las 13 víctimas mortales del accidente de autobús ocurrido en la autopista AP7 en marzo de 2016, en Freginals (Tarragona, España). Se analizan las rápidas identificaciones de las víctimas mortales, los diferentes mecanismos de control de calidad empleados, la atención a los familiares, así como la gestión propia de la catástrofe con los recursos humanos y materiales disponibles.A pesar de la nacionalidad extranjera de todas las víctimas, que determinó el método de identificación, todas ellas fueron identificadas rápidamente mediante odontología, huellas dactilares o ADN y fueron rápidamente retornadas a sus familias y países de origen. Italia fue el país de donde procedían un mayor número de víctimas. Se destaca la participación de los médicos forenses en la recuperación de datos antemortem. (AU)


Corpses identification in events with multiple victims is a challenge and one of the main activities of Forensic Pathology. Legal, humanitarian and social repercussions are derived from the correct identification and also its management, generating a great impact.The objective of this paper is to present the management and identification process of the 13 deaths that occurred in the bus accident on the AP7 motorway in March 2016 in Freginals (Tarragona, Spain). The rapid identification of fatalities, the different quality control mechanisms used, attention to family members, as well as the proper management of the catastrophe with the human and material resources available are analysed.Despite the foreign nationality of all the victims, which determined the method of identification, all of them were quickly identified by dentistry, fingerprinting or DNA and were quickly returned to their families and countries of origin. Italy was the country where the largest number of victims came from. The participation of forensic doctors in ante mortem data recovery is highlighted. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Odontologia Legal , Medicina Legal , Autopsia , DNA , Identificação de Vítimas , Vítimas de Desastres , Medicina de Desastres , Capacidade de Resposta ante Emergências , Espanha
17.
Prehosp Disaster Med ; 38(3): 378-383, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37005359

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Disaster Medicine (DM) is defined by Koenig and Shultz as the "disciplines and organizations involved with governmental public health, public and private medical delivery including Emergency Medical Services (EMS), and governmental emergency management." The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) sets curriculum requirements and standards for Emergency Medicine (EM) residencies and EMS fellowships, which include a limited portion of the DM curriculum topics recommended by the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM). The ACGME does not currently approve DM fellowships, as DM is not recognized as a subspecialty by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS). This lack of nationally standardized guidelines for DM training leads to variability in disaster-related knowledge and skills, even among physicians trained by ACGME-accredited programs. STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the DM components covered in EM residency and EMS fellowship in the United States and compare those to SAEM DM fellowship curriculum guidelines. METHODS: The DM curriculum components of EM residencies and EMS fellowships were evaluated, using the SAEM DM curriculum as a control. Overlapping topics, as well as gaps between the programs, were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Of the DM curriculum components developed by SAEM, EMS fellowship covered 15 of 19 (79%) major curriculum components and 38 of 99 (38%) subtopics, while EM residency covered seven of 19 major curriculum components (37%) and 16 of 99 (16%) subtopics. Together, EM residency and EMS fellowship cover 16 of 19 (84%) major curriculum components and 40 of 99 (40%) subtopics. CONCLUSION: While EMS fellowship covers a large portion of the DM major curriculum components recommended by SAEM, there are several important DM subtopics that are not covered either in EM residency or EMS fellowship. Furthermore, there is no standardization for the depth and manner that DM topics are addressed in either curriculum. Time constraints in EM residency and EMS fellowship may also prevent extensive review of important DM topics. Disaster Medicine covers a distinct body of knowledge, represented in the curriculum subtopics, that are not covered in either EM residency or EMS fellowship. The development of an ACGME-accredited DM fellowship and recognition of DM as a distinct subspecialty could allow for more effective DM graduate medical education.


Assuntos
Medicina de Desastres , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Medicina de Emergência , Internato e Residência , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Bolsas de Estudo , Medicina de Desastres/educação , Currículo , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Medicina de Emergência/educação
18.
Prehosp Disaster Med ; 38(3): 384-387, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37092246

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Disaster Medicine (DM) requires skills, knowledge, and prior experience that are rarely put to test by health care providers. Pediatric DM presents unique challenges in terms of both knowledge and practice. METHODS: An anonymous survey consisting of demographic and five-point Likert scale questions was administered to physicians, nurses, and other medical personnel from Israel's major medical emergency teams who were deployed to respond to the refugee crisis in Ukraine. This included teams from the Hadassah and Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Centers and the Israel Ministry of Health. RESULTS: Of the 171 members of the medical teams deployed on the Ukraine border, a total of 105 responses were obtained (61.4%) from 61 physicians, 50 nurses, and 12 other health care providers. The teams were composed of pediatricians (31.6%), internal medicine physicians (21.6%), Emergency Medicine and intensive care physicians (18.0%), and 31.0% other specialties.For 60% of the participants, this was their first deployment, and 78% had received no training in DM. Members rated the need for DM training at 4/5 (IQR 3-5). Forty-nine (49) members (46.6%) were not briefed on situational awareness and 97 members (89.5%) were not trained in the recognition of acute stress reactions. The responders also rated their concerns about providing medical aid to children at 2/5 (IQR 1-3). A medical clown was part of the teams 42.8% of the time; the presence of clowns was rated at a median of 4/5 (IQR 4-5). The team members underscored the need for more targeted training in DM at 5/5 (IQR 3-5). CONCLUSION: The findings highlight the need for the formulation of a disaster education model that includes pediatric DM.


Assuntos
Medicina de Desastres , Desastres , Refugiados , Humanos , Criança , Israel , Medicina de Desastres/educação , Pessoal de Saúde
19.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1029558, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37033011

RESUMO

Background: Remote teaching and online learning have significantly changed the responsiveness and accessibility after the COVID-19 pandemic. Disaster medicine (DM) has recently gained prominence as a critical issue due to the high frequency of worldwide disasters, especially in 2021. The new artificial intelligence (AI)-enhanced technologies and concepts have recently progressed in DM education. Objectives: The aim of this article is to familiarize the reader with the remote technologies that have been developed and used in DM education over the past 20 years. Literature scoping reviews: Mobile edge computing (MEC), unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)/drones, deep learning (DL), and visual reality stimulation, e.g., head-mounted display (HMD), are selected as promising and inspiring designs in DM education. Methods: We performed a comprehensive review of the literature on the remote technologies applied in DM pedagogy for medical, nursing, and social work, as well as other health discipline students, e.g., paramedics. Databases including PubMed (MEDLINE), ISI Web of Science (WOS), EBSCO (EBSCO Essentials), Embase (EMB), and Scopus were used. The sourced results were recorded in a Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) flowchart and followed in accordance with the PRISMA extension Scoping Review checklist. We included peer-reviewed articles, Epubs (electronic publications such as databases), and proceedings written in English. VOSviewer for related keywords extracted from review articles presented as a tabular summary to demonstrate their occurrence and connections among these DM education articles from 2000 to 2022. Results: A total of 1,080 research articles on remote technologies in DM were initially reviewed. After exclusion, 64 articles were included in our review. Emergency remote teaching/learning education, remote learning, online learning/teaching, and blended learning are the most frequently used keywords. As new remote technologies used in emergencies become more advanced, DM pedagogy is facing more complex problems. Discussions: Artificial intelligence-enhanced remote technologies promote learning incentives for medical undergraduate students or graduate professionals, but the efficacy of learning quality remains uncertain. More blended AI-modulating pedagogies in DM education could be increasingly important in the future. More sophisticated evaluation and assessment are needed to implement carefully considered designs for effective DM education.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Medicina de Desastres , Humanos , Inteligência Artificial , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudantes
20.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1161114, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37064676

RESUMO

Background: The purpose of this study was to identify the possible needs for undergraduate disaster medicine education in Sweden and to make informed recommendations for the implementation of disaster medicine content in medical and nursing schools in Sweden. Methods: An online survey was distributed to undergraduate medical and nursing students through the directors of all medical and nursing programs at Swedish universities. The survey contained demographic questions, as well as questions about the amount of disaster medical education and previous experience with rescue, police, or military services. The final survey page contained self-assessments of disaster medical knowledge. Comparative statistics were applied between nursing and medical students, those with previous military service, and those without, as well as between universities. Results: A total of 500 medical and 408 nursing students participated in this study. A median of 2 h of disaster medicine education was provided to senior medical students and 4 h was provided to senior nursing students. Senior medical students scored their disaster medical knowledge lower than nursing students (t-test, p < 0.001). A proportion of 1% had served in rescue services or police, and 7% of the participants had a history of military service, of which 67% served in a medical role. Those who had served in rescue services, police, or the armed forces had a higher self-assessed disaster medical knowledge base than those who had not (p < 0.007 and p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusion: Most medical and nursing students in this study rated their disaster medical knowledge as insufficient. The correlation between the amount of disaster medical education and self-assessed disaster medical knowledge should influence and help direct Swedish educational policies.


Assuntos
Medicina de Desastres , Militares , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Suécia , Medicina de Desastres/educação
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