Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.098
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6349, 2024 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491069

RESUMO

Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are considered to be hotspots for the spread of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). We performed a metagenomic analysis of the raw wastewater, activated sludge and treated wastewater from two large WWTPs responsible for the treatment of urban wastewater in Moscow, Russia. In untreated wastewater, several hundred ARGs that could confer resistance to most commonly used classes of antibiotics were found. WWTPs employed a nitrification/denitrification or an anaerobic/anoxic/oxic process and enabled efficient removal of organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus, as well as fecal microbiota. The resistome constituted about 0.05% of the whole metagenome, and after water treatment its share decreased by 3-4 times. The resistomes were dominated by ARGs encoding resistance to beta-lactams, macrolides, aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, quaternary ammonium compounds, and sulfonamides. ARGs for macrolides and tetracyclines were removed more efficiently than beta-lactamases, especially ampC, the most abundant ARG in the treated effluent. The removal efficiency of particular ARGs was impacted by the treatment technology. Metagenome-assembled genomes of multidrug-resistant strains were assembled both for the influent and the treated effluent. Ccomparison of resistomes from WWTPs in Moscow and around the world suggested that the abundance and content of ARGs depend on social, economic, medical, and environmental factors.


Assuntos
Águas Residuárias , Purificação da Água , Moscou , Metagenoma , Genes Bacterianos , Antibacterianos , Tetraciclinas , Macrolídeos
2.
Vestn Oftalmol ; 140(1): 99-102, 2024.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450473

RESUMO

The conducted archival research and analysis of literary publications allowed us to supplement the biography and creative path in science, clinical and social activities of the outstanding Russian ophthalmologist A.N. Maklakov. This article emphasizes the urgency of the problem of teaching in medical universities, and gives special attention to the thoughts of the scientist about providing clarity in the process of teaching students. The article notes his role in the arrangement and equipment of the new eye clinic of the Moscow University, and presents fragments of memoirs of his student and mentee, another famous Russian ophthalmologist S.S. Golovin. A remark is made about the need to clarify the terms traditionally accepted in the history of medicine in relation to surgery and ophthalmology. An assessment is given on the contribution of A.N. Maklakov to the establishment of the Moscow Ophthalmological Circle, his efforts to unite doctors, and the development of the statutory documents of the All-Russian Society of Eye Doctors.


Assuntos
Oftalmologistas , Médicos , Humanos , Moscou
3.
BMC Med ; 22(1): 48, 2024 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term health outcomes in children and young people (CYP) after COVID-19 infection are not well understood and studies with control groups exposed to other infections are lacking. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of post-COVID-19 condition (PCC) and incomplete recovery in CYP after hospital discharge and compare outcomes between different SARS-CoV-2 variants and non-SARS-CoV-2 infections. METHODS: A prospective exposure-stratified cohort study of individuals under 18 years old in Moscow, Russia. Exposed cohorts were paediatric patients admitted with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection between April 2 and December 11, 2020 (Wuhan variant cohort) and between January 12 and February 19, 2022 (Omicron variant cohort). CYP admitted with respiratory and intestinal infections, but negative lateral flow rapid diagnostic test and PCR-test results for SARS-CoV-2, between January 12 and February 19, 2022, served as unexposed reference cohort. Comparison between the 'exposed cohorts' and 'reference cohort' was conducted using 1:1 matching by age and sex. Follow-up data were collected via telephone interviews with parents, utilising the long COVID paediatric protocol and survey developed by the International Severe Acute Respiratory and Emerging Infection Consortium (ISARIC). The WHO case definition was used to categorise PCC. RESULTS: Of 2595 CYP with confirmed COVID-19, 1707 (65.7%) participated in follow-up interviews, with 1183/1707 (69%) included in the final 'matched' analysis. The median follow-up time post-discharge was 6.7 months. The incidence of PCC was significantly higher in the Wuhan variant cohort (89.7 cases per 1000 person-months, 95% CI 64.3-120.3) compared to post-infection sequalae in the reference cohort (12.2 cases per 1000 person-months, 95% CI 4.9-21.9), whereas the difference with the Omicron variant cohort and reference cohort was not significant. The Wuhan cohort had higher incidence rates of dermatological, fatigue, gastrointestinal, sensory, and sleep manifestations, as well as behavioural and emotional problems than the reference cohort. The only significant difference between Omicron variant cohort and reference cohort was decreased school attendance. When comparing the Wuhan and Omicron variant cohorts, higher incidence of PCC and event rates of fatigue, decreased physical activity, and deterioration of relationships was observed. The rate of incomplete recovery was also significantly higher in the Wuhan variant cohort than in both the reference and the Omicron variant cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: Wuhan variant exhibited a propensity for inducing a broad spectrum of physical symptoms and emotional behavioural changes, suggesting a pronounced impact on long-term health outcomes. Conversely, the Omicron variant resulted in fewer post-infection effects no different from common seasonal viral illnesses. This may mean that the Omicron variant and subsequent variants might not lead to the same level of long-term health consequences as earlier variants.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Síndrome Pós-COVID-19 Aguda , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Moscou/epidemiologia , Incidência , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Assistência ao Convalescente , Estudos de Coortes , Pandemias , Alta do Paciente , Doença Crônica , Fadiga
4.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 103(1): 63-68, 2024.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372610

RESUMO

Ilya Matveyevich Kovarsky (1856-1933) - the founder and permanent head of the First Moscow Dentistry School, organizer and honorary member of the Moscow Dentistry Society, editor and publisher of one of the first Russian dental journals «Odontological Revue¼ - was deprived of his personal pension and suffrage in 1930 as a former owner of a private capitalist enterprise; his name was actually erased from the national dentistry. The portrait of Ilya Matveyevich Kovarsky - a remarkable doctor, teacher and worthy man - is reconstructed by the documents preserved in the Kovarsky family archive (on the basis of which this article was written) and the memories of his eldest daughter (published for the first time).


Assuntos
Instituições Acadêmicas , Masculino , Humanos , Moscou
5.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 156, 2024 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38212755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interplay of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge and self-perception of risk for HIV among people who inject drugs is complex and understudied, especially among temporary migrant workers who inject drugs (MWID) while in a host country. In Russia, Tajik migrants make up the largest proportion of Moscow's foreign labor. Yet, HIV knowledge and self-perceived risk in association with sexual risk behavior among male Tajik MWID in Moscow remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: This research examines knowledge about HIV transmission, self-perception of HIV risk, and key psychosocial factors that possibly contribute to sexual risk behaviors among male Tajik labor MWID living in Moscow. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted with 420 male Tajik labor MWID. Modified Poisson regression models investigated possible associations between major risk factors and HIV sexual risk behavior. RESULTS: Of the 420 MWID, 255 men (61%) reported sexual activity in the last 30 days. Level of HIV knowledge was not associated in either direction with condom use or risky sexual partnering, as measured by sex with multiple partners or female sex workers (FSW). Lower self-perceived HIV risk was associated with a greater likelihood of sex with multiple partners (aPR: 1.79, 95% CI: 1.34, 2.40) and FSW (aPR: 1.28, 95% CI: 1.04, 1.59), but was not associated with condom use. Police-enacted stigma was associated with sex with multiple partners (aPR: 1.22, 95% CI: 1.01, 1.49) and FSW (aPR: 1.32, 95% CI: 1.13, 1.54). While depression and lower levels of loneliness were associated with condomless sex (aPR: 1.14, 95% CI: 1.05, 1.24; aPR: 0.79, 95% CI: 0.68, 0.92, respectively), only depression was associated with condomless sex with FSW (aPR: 1.26, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.54). CONCLUSIONS: HIV prevention programing for male Tajik MWID must go beyond solely educating about factors associated with HIV transmission to include increased awareness of personal risk based on engaging in these behaviors. Additionally, psychological services to counter depression and police-enacted stigma are needed.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Profissionais do Sexo , Migrantes , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Moscou/epidemiologia , HIV , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Assunção de Riscos , Parceiros Sexuais , Autoimagem
6.
Cardiovasc Res ; 120(1): e1, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38048331
8.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 31(Special Issue 2): 1087-1091, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38069867

RESUMO

Residents of a megalopolis are constantly exposed to urban stress - the combined effects of a number of different extreme factors and living conditions of the urban environment. Urban stress of a megalopolis resident has an extreme complex multifactorial effect on his body and psyche. The features of the existing subspecies of urban stress (ecological, psychological, social, informational, professional, related to the pandemic), as well as the main stress factors causing them, are considered. The medical and social features of urban stress are described. The consequences of exposure to urban stress, directly related to human health disorders, include the so-called «urban stress diseases¼ or «diseases of civilization¼, primarily psychosomatic diseases. It is determined that urban stress is a multifactorial complex of stress factors affecting the physical and mental health of megalopolis residents. Due to the fact that an increasing number of megalopolis residents are experiencing the negative impact of an aggressive urban environment, it is necessary both to formalize stress factors in order to possibly correct them to improve the quality of life of citizens, and to develop appropriate optimizing medical and social recommendations. Modern organizational and medical and social measures aimed at reducing the negative impact of urban stress on the health of megalopolis residents are considered. It is proposed to minimize the negative impact of extreme urban stress factors on the physical and mental health of megalopolis residents by using therapeutic and preventive strategies to increase their stress resistance. There are a number of different organizations and departments in Moscow that provide psychological and psychotherapeutic support. Also, in order to determine the level of the body's reserves and stress resistance, it is possible to undergo a comprehensive examination both in the nearest polyclinic and in the nearest park within the framework of the Healthy Moscow program.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Moscou
9.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 31(Special Issue 2): 1146-1152, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38069877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite implemented measures and general favourable trend, number of patients with myocardial infarction remains high, younger people are increasingly becoming ill and dying. The study purpose: to estimate age-sex mortality dynamics from acute and recurrent myocardial infarction in adults in Moscow compared to Russia's average in 2007-2021 to reveal patterns of mortality change within the implementation period of state prevention programs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Standardized adult mortality rates for Moscow and Russia, mean expected age at death within interval 20-85 years and gain in life expectancy when eliminating this cause calculated and analyzed. RESULTS: Moscow morbidity rates for acute and recurrent myocardial infarction are twice lower than Russia's, there are higher reduction rates for both diseases - by 16% and 58% respectively. During study period, mortality from myocardial infarction in men was by 45% higher than in women. In 2007 Moscow male-female difference estimated 3% and in 15 years it became 32% due to faster female mortality reduction. Whereas Russia's average age of death from myocardial infarction in 2021 returned to 2010-2011 levels, then in Moscow during 2020-2021 female rates returned to 2008's and male rates fall out the study period. CONCLUSIONS: Since implementation of the first programs on reducing mortality from chronic non-infectious diseases during the 15 years period morbidity and mortality rates from myocardial infarction reduced in Russia and Moscow in all ages. Acute and recurrent myocardial infarction have rejuvenated both in men and women as a negative effect of the pandemic.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Moscou/epidemiologia , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , Expectativa de Vida , Morbidade , Mortalidade
10.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 31(Special Issue 2): 1159-1164, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38069879

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: For a better understanding of issues related to health-preserving activities for the benefit of city population, theoretical knowledge about the attitude and readiness of all interested parties for intersectoral cooperation is needed. The purpose of the study is to analyze readiness of the participants of health-preserving activities for intersectoral cooperation in Moscow. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 2023, a one-time, one-time study of intersectoral responsibility, commitment and awareness, as well as satisfaction with individual health care (original test cards) was conducted among different participants in the health care of the population of the city of Moscow (n = 1007). From among them, participants were identified -workers of «medical¼ infrastructure facilities of urban space, participants-workers of other facilities (sports, culture, industry, waste disposal, transport, food, trade, education and others) and the population as a participant in intersectoral health saving. RESULTS: The research based on the original integrated assessment methodology shows insufficient readiness for intersectoral cooperation to implement health-saving activities for the benefit of Moscow population. Immature intersectoral responsibility, literacy, motivation for teamwork noted among the participants of the unified health-preserving city space determines the lack of internal conviction that it is necessary to deal with both own health, and health of other members of the urban community. CONCLUSION: The data obtained can form basis for new methodological approaches to prioritize control measures to improve intersectoral cooperation between the participants of health-preserving activities in the metropolis.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Colaboração Intersetorial , Humanos , Cidades , Atitude , Moscou
11.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 31(Special Issue 2): 1202-1206, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38069886

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: to determine the main threats to the health of the population of Moscow based on the analysis of the medical and demographic situation in Moscow and the Russian Federation in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, in order to develop management decisions at the regional level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Materials of the Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat), as well as statistical collections of the Russian Research Institute of Health of the Ministry of Health of Russia for 2013-2022 were used. RESULTS: Coronavirus infection has changed the morbidity and mortality rates of the population of the Russian Federation and its constituent entities. In the Russian Federation mortality in 2019-2021 increased from 12.3 to 13.6‰, while in Moscow the increase in the indicator is significant - from 9.5 to 16.7‰. The incidence of COVID-19 in Moscow in 2020-2021 (over the two COVID years) increased from 6191.0 to 8976.0‰oo. The noted decrease in incidence rates across almost all classes of diseases during the COVID period (2019-2020) was associated with the lower medical check-ups and preventive activities, while during 2019-2021 there was an increase in disease incidence of the following classes: mental disorders, behavior disorders; diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism, etc., indicating the need for rehabilitation of this group of patients. CONCLUSIONS: The need to counter the threats to the health of the population of Moscow caused by the coronavirus infection requires the development of management decisions aimed at strengthening preventive activities and rehabilitation of patients in the post-COVID period.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Saúde Pública , Humanos , Moscou/epidemiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , Morbidade , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle
12.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 31(Special Issue 2): 1213-1218, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38069888

RESUMO

The digital transformation of healthcare is an integral part of the priorities in modern healthcare. A striking example of the practical implementation of compliance with the basic principles of digital healthcare is the Healthy Moscow project, which has been implemented since 2021, which has become a real breakthrough in Russia in ensuring accessibility and convenience in providing medical care to the population. The aim of the project is the early prevention of chronic non-communicable diseases, the formation of a healthy lifestyle and the improvement of the well-being of Moscow residents, as well as the development of a conscious attitude to taking care of their health. Pavilions in the park areas of Moscow are an integral part of the modern medical infrastructure, providing convenient conditions for obtaining medical advice and information. The article provides information on the types of digital technologies and basic equipment that the pavilions (large and small) are equipped with as part of the Healthy Moscow project, it is shown that the introduction of digital healthcare technologies is one of the key tasks of the national strategy of Russia, which contributes significantly contribution to the successful implementation of the Healthy Moscow project.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Tecnologia Digital , Moscou , Federação Russa , Nível de Saúde
13.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 31(Special Issue 2): 1237-1242, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38069892

RESUMO

The article presents performance indicators of the capital day hospitals for the period from 2017 to 2022. The analysis has identified a high demand for this type of medical services in Moscow. A separate analysis focused on indicators of day hospitals subordinate to the Moscow Healthcare Department deployed at outpatient (polyclinic) medical facilities, as well as institutions providing inpatient care. The bed capacity structure and number of treated diseases by pediatric and adult population have been analyzed in detail. The study has identified main trends in dynamics in a number of indicators characterizing the development of hospital-replacing forms of care delivery in Moscow in recent years. The study is based on of the Federal statistical observation form # 14 - DS «Information on day hospital performance in medical organizations¼.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Hospitais , Adulto , Humanos , Criança , Moscou , Hospitalização
14.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 102(6. Vyp. 2): 15-20, 2023.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38096389

RESUMO

To analyze the respondents' attitudes to oral hygiene and to assess the need for professional oral hygiene in different regions of the Russian Federation based on the data of questionnaire analysis. OBJECTIVE: To obtain comparative data on the issues of individual and professional oral hygiene of patients of medical dental organizations in a number of Russian cities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted an anonymous questionnaire survey of 624 patients (18 to 70 years old) who applied to medical dental organizations of different forms of ownership in five regions of the Russian Federation (Moscow, Omsk, Ryazan, Samara, Tambov). Patients were interviewed using a specially designed questionnaire. RESULTS: The study involved patients of medical dental organizations from 5 regions of the Russian Federation, 57.2% of them were women and 42.8% men. In all cities more than 50% of the surveyed patients received care under the MHI program. More than 50% of the surveyed patients said that they tried to brush their teeth twice a day, the rest of the respondents said that they brushed their teeth only twice a day. Up to 27% of patients are not willing to comply with individualized dental care recommendations for various reasons. CONCLUSIONS: Highly motivated patients to high-quality dental hygiene behavior are in minority; according to the results of the study, it can be stated that there is a high need for professional oral hygiene among the surveyed respondents. It is necessary to work with patients to improve hygienic knowledge, skills and motivation for quality oral hygiene.


Assuntos
Higiene Bucal , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários , Federação Russa , Moscou
15.
Vopr Virusol ; 68(5): 454, 2023 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38156579

RESUMO

October 11, 2023 marked the 90th anniversary of the birth of the outstanding Russian virologist, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Nikolai Veniaminovich Kaverin. N.V. Kaverin was born in Leningrad into the famous literary family of Veniamin Aleksandrovich Kaverin and Lydia Nikolaevna Tynyanova. In 1951 he graduated from school with a gold medal and entered the 1st Moscow Medical Institute named after. THEM. Sechenov. During his senior years, Kaverin already worked at the Research Institute of Virology named after. DI. Ivanovsky RAMS, and in 1960, upon completion of graduate school, defended his Ph.D. thesis.


Assuntos
Academias e Institutos , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Animais , Masculino , Ovinos , Moscou
16.
Vopr Virusol ; 68(4): 283-290, 2023 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38156585

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Puumala virus (family Hantaviridae, genus Orthohantavirus) is distributed in most regions of the European part of Russia. However, information about its genetic variants circulating on the territory of the Central Federal District is extremely scarce. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rodents' tissue samples were tested after reverse transcription by PCR for the presence of hantaviral RNA. The amplified fragments of the L segment were sequenced by the Sanger method. For two samples, sequences of all three segments were obtained using the NGS method. Phylogenetic trees were built in the MEGA-X software. RESULTS: Puumala virus was found in six samples. Based on the phylogenetic analysis of sequences of three segments, the obtained genetic variants belong to the sublineage previously designated as W-RUS. CONCLUSION: A genetic variant of the Puumala virus, belonging to the subline W-RUS, circulates on the territory of the Volokolamsk district of Moscow region.


Assuntos
Orthohantavírus , Virus Puumala , Animais , Virus Puumala/genética , Filogenia , Orthohantavírus/genética , Moscou/epidemiologia , Arvicolinae
17.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(1): 81, 2023 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38146013

RESUMO

Active biomonitoring using the moss bag technique was applied to examine the atmospheric deposition of potentially toxic and other elements in recreational areas of Moscow. Moss bags with Sphagnum girgensohnii were placed in the territory of seven parks (Losiny Ostrov, Victory Park, Ostankino, Sokolniki, Izmailovo, Kuzminki-Lyublino, Tsaritsyno) at three locations in each park from June to September 2018. The content of 32 chemical elements: Na, Mg, Al, Cl, K, Ca, Sc, V, Mn, Fe, Co, Zn, As, Br, Rb, Sr, Mo, Sb, Cs, Ba, La, Sm, Tb, Hf, Ta, W, Au, Th, U, Cu, Pb, and Cd in moss samples was determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis and atomic absorption spectrometry. After a 3-month exposure period, high uptake of Sb, U, Th, Sm, La, Mo, Zn, Co, Fe, V, Sc, etc. was observed in some of the moss samples. The physiologically active elements Cl and K and alkaline elements Rb and Cs were depleted from the moss tissue during the exposure. The high accumulation of Zn, Pb, Cu, Co, V, and Sb in moss samples evidenced an anthropogenic impact on the parks, mainly associated with road traffic. To determine the level of pollution, a set of environmental indices was calculated: contamination factor (CF), enrichment factor (EF), total pollution index (TPI), and relative accumulation factor (RAF). The highest RAF values were obtained for Sb on the territory of all parks. According to EF, the samples were enriched in Al, Fe, U, Pb, Cd, Au, Sb, Th, and Ta. High CF values were obtained for sites in Losiny Ostrov, Izmailovo, Tsaritsyno, and Kuzminki-Lyublino located close to roads. According to TPI, the level of air pollution on the territory of the abovementioned parks varied from moderate to high. To identify the major sources of pollution, correlation analysis and principal component analysis were applied.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Briófitas , Oligoelementos , Monitoramento Biológico , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Moscou , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Cádmio/análise , Chumbo/análise , Oligoelementos/análise
18.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38142354

RESUMO

The article is devoted to scientific biography of the prominent neuroanatomist, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor L. A. Shangina, representative of the scientific school of Tonkov-Bushmakin. Her input into becoming of the chairs of normal anatomy of medical institutes in Irkutsk, Moscow, Kursk, Dushanbe (Tajikistan) and Smolensk and in organization of scientific community of neuromorphologists in the USSR in the middle and second half of the twentieth century is demonstrated. The special attention is paid to the results of scientific studies of L. A. Shangina and her post-graduate students of topography of nerves innervating human heart, of topography of accessory nerve (XI pair of cranial nerves), of structure of receptors of autonomic nervous system in walls of alimentary tract and urinary system.


Assuntos
Academias e Institutos , Medicina , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Moscou
19.
Ter Arkh ; 95(8): 730-734, 2023 Oct 11.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38158914

RESUMO

Peculiarities and comparative characteristics of three main Moscow schools on the field of internal medicine of the second half of the XIX - early XX centuries are discussed: schools of Grigory Zakharyin, Alexey Ostroumov and Vassily Shervinsky - Leonid Golubinin; the legitimacy to acknowledge scientific clinical schools of Mikhail Cherinov and Nikolay Golubov is disputed. The arguments are provided that of the Moscow therapeutic schools, it was the Shervinsky-Golubinin school, and not the Zakharyin or Ostroumov school, that played the most significant role in the formation of the internal medicine in the USSR, in passing the accumulated knowledge and ideas to therapeutic elites in the USSR.


Assuntos
Medicina Interna , Instituições Acadêmicas , Humanos , Moscou
20.
Ter Arkh ; 95(9): 822-826, 2023 Sep 25.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38158928

RESUMO

On the basis of a critical analysis of numerous literary and archival sources, the authors confirm the idea of the decisive role of the Botkin's direction in the development of the European science-based internal medicine in Russia and revise the canonical position about the three founders of this medicine: according to the authors, the founders of the scientific internal medicine in Russia were Sergey Botkin (Petersburg), Grigory Zakharyin, Alexey Ostroumov (Moscow) and Vassily Obraztsov (Kyiv). The topic is covered in two articles; this article is devoted to S. Botkin and G. Zakharyin.


Assuntos
Medicina Clínica , Medicina Interna , Humanos , Federação Russa , Moscou
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...