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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37771, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608125

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Smokeless tobacco use is a risk factor for the development of various oral lesions, among which is smokeless tobacco keratosis (STK). This condition is caused by constant frictional irritation of smokeless tobacco products against the oral mucosa and appears as a White-to-gray plaque with wrinkling. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 50-year-old man who had been using smokeless tobacco for 24 years visited our clinic complaining of changes in the lower right sulcus of the oral cavity for 10 days. Clinical examination revealed a unilateral, nonhomogeneous White lesion in the area of the complaint. Histopathological examination showed hyperkeratosis, areas of keratin plugging, and mild dysplastic epithelial changes. DIAGNOSIS: The clinico-histopathological correlation suggested a diagnosis of STK with focal mild epithelial dysplasia. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: A comprehensive management plan included maintaining oral hygiene, education on the detrimental effects of smokeless tobacco, advice to cease smoking, and regular follow-up to monitor the potential for malignant transformation. The patient was referred to a tobacco cessation society for tailored advice and counseling. On follow-up visits, there was an improvement in the lesion after habitual cessation. LESSONS: The diagnosis of tobacco-related oral lesions is often delayed, which may result in malignant transformation. This illustrates the need to train healthcare professionals to identify tobacco-related conditions at an early stage and to educate patients regarding the harmful effects of tobacco use.


Assuntos
Carcinoma in Situ , Ceratose , Tabaco sem Fumaça , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal , Tabaco sem Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Boca , Tabaco
2.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1446: 15-38, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625523

RESUMO

As for other mammals, the digestive system of dogs (facultative carnivores) and cats (obligate carnivores) includes the mouth, teeth, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and accessory digestive organs (salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder). These carnivores have a relatively shorter digestive tract but longer canine teeth, a tighter digitation of molars, and a greater stomach volume than omnivorous mammals such as humans and pigs. Both dogs and cats have no detectable or a very low activity of salivary α-amylase but dogs, unlike cats, possess a relatively high activity of pancreatic α-amylase. Thus, cats select low-starch foods but dogs can consume high-starch diets. In contrast to many mammals, the vitamin B12 (cobalamin)-binding intrinsic factor for the digestion and absorption of vitamin B12 is produced in: (a) dogs primarily by pancreatic ductal cells and to a lesser extent the gastric mucosa; and (b) cats exclusively by the pancreatic tissue. Amino acids (glutamate, glutamine, and aspartate) are the main metabolic fuels in enterocytes of the foregut. The primary function of the small intestine is to digest and absorb dietary nutrients, and its secondary function is to regulate the entry of dietary nutrients into the blood circulation, separate the external from the internal milieu, and perform immune surveillance. The major function of the large intestine is to ferment undigested food (particularly fiber and protein) and to absorb water, short-chain fatty acids (serving as major metabolic fuels for epithelial cells of the large intestine), as well as vitamins. The fermentation products, water, sloughed cells, digestive secretions, and microbes form feces and then pass into the rectum for excretion via the anal canal. The microflora influences colonic absorption and cell metabolism, as well as feces quality. The digestive tract is essential for the health, survival, growth, and development of dogs and cats.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato , Doenças do Cão , Humanos , Gatos , Cães , Animais , Suínos , Boca , Vitaminas , Mamíferos , Amido , Água
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(15): 8731-8741, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579129

RESUMO

Plant proteins often carry off-notes, necessitating customized aroma addition. In vitro studies revealed protein-aroma binding, limiting release during consumption. This study employs in vivo nose space proton transfer reaction-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry and dynamic sensory evaluation (time intensity) to explore in-mouth interactions. In a lupin protein-based aqueous system, a sensory evaluation of a trained "green" attribute was conducted simultaneously with aroma release of hexanal, nonanal, and 2-nonanone during consumption. Results demonstrated that enlarging aldehyde chains and relocating the keto group reduced maximum perceived intensity (Imax_R) by 71.92 and 72.25%. Protein addition decreased Imax_R by 30.91, 36.84, and 72.41%, indicating protein-aroma interactions. Sensory findings revealed a perceived intensity that was lower upon protein addition. Aroma lingering correlated with aroma compounds' volatility and hydrophobicity, with nonanal exhibiting the longest persistence. In vitro mucin addition increased aroma binding four to 12-fold. Combining PTR-ToF-MS and time intensity elucidated crucial food behavior, i.e., protein-aroma interactions, that are pivotal for food design.


Assuntos
Aldeídos , Odorantes , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Odorantes/análise , Prótons , Boca/química , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
4.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 424, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582881

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neodymium-iron-boron magnets have been suggested as a contemporary method for accelerating the process of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). A limited number of clinical trials evaluated their effectiveness in accelerating OTM which is desirable for both orthodontists and patients. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a low-intensity static magnetic field (SMF) in accelerating upper canine retraction movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients (mean age 20.76 ± 2.9 years) with their orthodontic treatment decision to extract the upper and lower first premolars due to bimaxillary protrusion malocclusion were included in this split-mouth study. Canine retraction was performed using Nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) closed-coil springs (150 g of force on each side). The experimental side received SMF via an auxiliary wire that carried 4-neodymium iron-born magnets with an air gap of 2 mm between the magnets to produce a magnetic field density of 414 mT in the region corresponding to the lateral ligament of the upper canine. To determine the rate of upper canine retraction and upper molar drift, alginate impressions were taken once a month to create plaster casts, which were analyzed digitally via a three-dimensional method. RESULTS: The rate of upper canine retraction was significantly greater (P < 0.05) on the SMF side than that on the control side during the first and second months, with an overall duration (19.16%) that was greater than that on the control side. The peak acceleration occurred during the second month (38.09%). No significant differences in upper molar drift were detected between the experimental and control sides (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: A low-intensity static magnetic field was effective at accelerating upper canine retraction. The difference between the two sides was statistically significant but may not be clinically significant. The SMF did not affect upper molar drift during the upper canine retraction phase. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was retrospectively registered at the ISRCTN registry ( ISRCTN59092624 ) (31/05/2022).


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Neodímio , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Fios Ortodônticos , Boca , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Ferro , Dente Canino
5.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 42(1): 37-45, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616425

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical trial was to assess and compare the clinical outcomes of Bioflx crowns (BFCs) with stainless steel crowns (SSCs) in primary molars (PMs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective split-mouth randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted between March 2022 and June 2023. Thirty-eight patients (17 females and 21 males) with a mean age of 5.21 years participated in this study. Each child (n = 38) received both SSC and BFC. Clinical and radiographic follow-up was performed at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months using the modified United States Public Health System scoring criteria to evaluate various parameters. RESULTS: At the 3 and 6 months' follow-up, no significant difference was observed between the two groups. However, at 1-year follow-up, a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) was evident in the frequency between the two groups for the criteria of crown retention after cementation and anatomic form of the crown, indicating a preference for SSC over prototype 1 BFC. CONCLUSION: The 12-month results indicate that BFC performed similarly to the established SSC for the restoration of PMs providing better esthetics.


Assuntos
Boca , Aço Inoxidável , Criança , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Prospectivos , Coroas , Dente Molar
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8463, 2024 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605085

RESUMO

The oral cavity harbors complex communities comprising bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, and viruses. The oral microbiota is establish at birth and develops further during childhood, with early life factors such as birth mode, feeding practices, and oral hygiene, reported to influence this development and the susceptibility to caries. We here analyzed the oral bacterial composition in saliva of 260 Swedish children at two, three and five years of age using 16S rRNA gene profiling to examine its relation to environmental factors and caries development at five years of age. We were able to assign the salivary bacterial community in each child at each time point to one of seven distinct clusters. We observed an individual dynamic in the development of the oral microbiota related to early life factors, such as being first born, born by C-section, maternal perinatal antibiotics use, with a distinct transition between three and five years of age. Different bacterial signatures depending on age were related to increased caries risk, while Peptococcus consistently linked to reduced risk of caries development.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Suécia/epidemiologia , Boca/microbiologia , Saliva/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia
7.
Georgian Med News ; (347): 93-95, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609121

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to describe manifestations of diseases of the oral mucosa of patients in the Adjara region during the COVID-19 pandemic. We recruited 55 patients, 25 women (45.5%) and 30 men (54.5%), aged between 18 and 89 years with confirmed COVID-19 at different stages of severity. After obtaining informed consent, we examined their mouths and recorded clinical findings. Forty percent of the patients had at least 1 oral lesion. The most common lesions were candidiasis and ulcers (7 patients each); 2 patients had enanthems. Geographic tongue and caviar tongue were also observed. Altered taste, dry mouth, and painful/burning mouth were noted in 60%, 27.3%, and 36.4% of patients, respectively. Oral mucosal alterations and lesions were prevalent in this series of COVID-19 patients. An altered taste and a painful/burning mouth were common symptoms. For the first time, we performed a description of the oral cavity of patients diagnosed with COVID 19 in the Adjara region. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The variable "age" was compared using the Student's t-test and P-values <0.05 were considered statistically significant.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Traumatismos Faciais , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Mucosa Bucal , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Disgeusia , Pandemias , Boca , Dor
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 448, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the effect of corticotomy with Er: YAG (erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet) laser on the rate of canine retraction. METHODS: This randomized split-mouth controlled clinical trial was conducted on 12 patients undergoing orthodontic treatment with extraction of maxillary first premolars. Following initial leveling and alignment, an alginate impression was made from the maxillary arch, and Er: YAG laser corticotomy was performed in one of the maxillary quadrants of each patient. Canine retraction was started immediately after corticotomy by placement of nickel-titanium (NiTi) closed coil springs at both sides. At the end of each month, alginate records were repeated for 4 months. Study models were scanned, and the anteroposterior movement of canine was quantified bilaterally. Pain was also measured by a visual analog scale (VAS). Probing depth (PPD) of canines and two adjacent teeth was also evaluated and pulp vitality was assessed by performing the cold test. Data were analyzed by paired and independent t-test and one-way ANOVA (alpha = 0.05). RESULTS: The rate of canine retraction was significantly greater in the laser-assisted corticotomy quadrant than the control (P < 0.05). No significant difference existed in posterior anchorage loss, canine rotation angle, PPD, pulp vitality, or pain score between two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Flapless Er: YAG laser corticotomy significantly enhanced canine retraction rate with no adverse effect on other parameters.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Boca , Humanos , Lasers , Alginatos , Dor
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8283, 2024 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594374

RESUMO

Constipation is a widespread problem in paediatric practice, affecting almost 30% of children. One of the key causal factors of constipation may be disturbances in the homeostasis of the gastrointestinal microbiome. The aim of the study was to determine whether the oral and fecal microbiomes differ between children with and without constipation. A total of 91 children over three years of age were included in the study. Of these, 57 were qualified to a group with constipation, and 34 to a group without. The saliva and stool microbiomes were evaluated using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Functional constipation was associated with characteristic bacterial taxa in the fecal microbiota. Statistically significant differences were found at the family level: Burkholderiaceae (q = 0.047), Christensenellaceae (q = 0.047), Chlostridiaceae (q = 0.047) were significantly less abundant in the constipation group, while the Tannerellaceae (q = 0.007) were more abundant. At the genus level, the significant differences were observed for rare genera, including Christensenellaceae r-7 (q = 2.88 × 10-2), Fusicatenibacter (q = 2.88 × 10-2), Parabacteroides (q = 1.63 × 10-2), Romboutsia (q = 3.19 × 10-2) and Subdoligranulum (q = 1.17 × 10-2). All of them were less abundant in children with constipation. With the exception of significant taxonomic changes affecting only feces, no differences were found in the alpha and beta diversity of feces and saliva. Children with functional constipation demonstrated significant differences in the abundance of specific bacteria in the stool microbiome compared to healthy children. It is possible that the rare genera identified in our study which were less abundant in the constipated patients (Christensellaceae r-7, Fusicatenibacter, Parabacteroides, Romboutsia and Subdoligranulum) may play a role in protection against constipation. No significant differences were observed between the two groups with regard to the saliva microbiome.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Lactobacillales , Microbiota , Humanos , Criança , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Constipação Intestinal , Microbiota/genética , Fezes/microbiologia , Boca , Bactérias/genética , Lactobacillales/genética , Bacteroidetes/genética
10.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 4: CD003451, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prominent lower front teeth (Class III malocclusion) may be due to jaw or tooth position or both. The upper jaw (maxilla) can be too far back or the lower jaw (mandible) too far forward; the upper front teeth (incisors) may be tipped back or the lower front teeth tipped forwards. Orthodontic treatment uses different types of braces (appliances) fitted inside or outside the mouth (or both) and fixed to the teeth. A facemask is the most commonly reported non-surgical intervention used to correct Class III malocclusion. The facemask rests on the forehead and chin, and is connected to the upper teeth via an expansion appliance (known as 'rapid maxillary expansion' (RME)). Using elastic bands placed by the wearer, a force is applied to the top teeth and jaw to pull them forwards and downward. Some orthodontic interventions involve a surgical component; these go through the gum into the bone (e.g. miniplates). In severe cases, or if orthodontic treatment is unsuccessful, people may need jaw (orthognathic) surgery as adults. This review updates one published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of orthodontic treatment for prominent lower front teeth in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: An information specialist searched four bibliographic databases and two trial registries up to 16 January 2023. Review authors screened reference lists. SELECTION CRITERIA: We looked for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) involving children and adolescents (16 years of age or under) randomised to receive orthodontic treatment to correct prominent lower front teeth (Class III malocclusion), or no (or delayed) treatment. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. Our primary outcome was overjet (i.e. prominence of the lower front teeth); our secondary outcomes included ANB (A point, nasion, B point) angle (which measures the relative position of the maxilla to the mandible). MAIN RESULTS: We identified 29 RCTs that randomised 1169 children (1102 analysed). The children were five to 13 years old at the start of treatment. Most studies measured outcomes directly after treatment; only one study provided long-term follow-up. All studies were at high risk of bias as participant and personnel blinding was not possible. Non-surgical orthodontic treatment versus untreated control We found moderate-certainty evidence that non-surgical orthodontic treatments provided a substantial improvement in overjet (mean difference (MD) 5.03 mm, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.81 to 6.25; 4 studies, 184 participants) and ANB (MD 3.05°, 95% CI 2.40 to 3.71; 8 studies, 345 participants), compared to an untreated control group, when measured immediately after treatment. There was high heterogeneity in the analyses, but the effects were consistently in favour of the orthodontic treatment groups rather than the untreated control groups (studies tested facemask (with or without RME), chin cup, orthodontic removable traction appliance, tandem traction bow appliance, reverse Twin Block with lip pads and RME, Reverse Forsus and mandibular headgear). Longer-term outcomes were measured in only one study, which evaluated facemask. It presented low-certainty evidence that improvements in overjet and ANB were smaller at 3-year follow-up than just after treatment (overjet MD 2.5 mm, 95% CI 1.21 to 3.79; ANB MD 1.4°, 95% CI 0.43 to 2.37; 63 participants), and were not found at 6-year follow-up (overjet MD 1.30 mm, 95% CI -0.16 to 2.76; ANB MD 0.7°, 95% CI -0.74 to 2.14; 65 participants). In the same study, at the 6-year follow-up, clinicians made an assessment of whether surgical correction of participants' jaw position was likely to be needed in the future. A perceived need for surgical correction was observed more often in participants who had not received facemask treatment (odds ratio (OR) 3.34, 95% CI 1.21 to 9.24; 65 participants; low-certainty evidence). Surgical orthodontic treatment versus untreated control One study of 30 participants evaluated surgical miniplates, with facemask or Class III elastics, against no treatment, and found a substantial improvement in overjet (MD 7.96 mm, 95% CI 6.99 to 8.40) and ANB (MD 5.20°, 95% CI 4.48 to 5.92; 30 participants). However, the evidence was of low certainty, and there was no follow-up beyond the end of treatment. Facemask versus another non-surgical orthodontic treatment Eight studies compared facemask or modified facemask (with or without RME) to another non-surgical orthodontic treatment. Meta-analysis did not suggest that other treatments were superior; however, there was high heterogeneity, with mixed, uncertain findings (very low-certainty evidence). Facemask versus surgically-anchored appliance There may be no advantage of adding surgical anchorage to facemasks for ANB (MD -0.35, 95% CI -0.78 to 0.07; 4 studies, 143 participants; low-certainty evidence). The evidence for overjet was of very low certainty (MD -0.40 mm, 95% CI -1.30 to 0.50; 1 study, 43 participants). Facemask variations Adding RME to facemask treatment may have no additional benefit for ANB (MD -0.15°, 95% CI -0.94 to 0.64; 2 studies, 60 participants; low-certainty evidence). The evidence for overjet was of low certainty (MD 1.86 mm, 95% CI 0.39 to 3.33; 1 study, 31 participants). There may be no benefit in terms of effect on ANB of alternating rapid maxillary expansion and constriction compared to using expansion alone (MD -0.46°, 95% CI -1.03 to 0.10; 4 studies, 131 participants; low-certainty evidence). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-certainty evidence showed that non-surgical orthodontic treatments (which included facemask, reverse Twin Block, orthodontic removable traction appliance, chin cup, tandem traction bow appliance and mandibular headgear) improved the bite and jaw relationship immediately post-treatment. Low-certainty evidence showed surgical orthodontic treatments were also effective. One study measured longer-term outcomes and found that the benefit from facemask was reduced three years after treatment, and appeared to be lost by six years. However, participants receiving facemask treatment were judged by clinicians to be less likely to need jaw surgery in adulthood. We have low confidence in these findings and more studies are required to reach reliable conclusions. Orthodontic treatment for Class III malocclusion can be invasive, expensive and time-consuming, so future trials should include measurement of adverse effects and patient satisfaction, and should last long enough to evaluate whether orthodontic treatment in childhood avoids the need for jaw surgery in adulthood.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Ortodontia Corretiva , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/terapia , Assistência Odontológica , Boca
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7806, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565880

RESUMO

The rapid proliferation and integration of AI chatbots in office environments, specifically the advanced AI model ChatGPT, prompts an examination of how its features and updates impact knowledge processes, satisfaction, and word-of-mouth (WOM) among office workers. This study investigates the determinants of WOM among office workers who are users of ChatGPT. We adopted a quantitative approach, utilizing a stratified random sampling technique to collect data from a diverse group of office workers experienced in using ChatGPT. The hypotheses were rigorously tested through Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) using the SmartPLS 4. The results revealed that system updates, memorability, and non-language barrier attributes of ChatGPT significantly enhanced knowledge acquisition and application. Additionally, the human-like personality traits of ChatGPT significantly increased both utilitarian value and satisfaction. Furthermore, the study showed that knowledge acquisition and application led to a significant increase in utilitarian value and satisfaction, which subsequently increased WOM. Age had a positive influence on WOM, while gender had no significant impact. The findings provide theoretical contributions by expanding our understanding of AI chatbots' role in knowledge processes, satisfaction, and WOM, particularly among office workers.


Assuntos
Boca , Condições de Trabalho , Humanos , Face , Teoria Ética , Conhecimento
12.
Assist Inferm Ric ; 43(1): 46-47, 2024.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572708

RESUMO

A recent meta-analysis emphasised the importance (and effectiveness) of tooth brushing in preventing hospital-acquired pneumonia. The results of the study are briefly reported and commented on.


Assuntos
Boca , Escovação Dentária , Humanos
13.
Curr Opin Oncol ; 36(3): 128-135, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573201

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent recommendations on cachexia highlight, in head and neck cancers, the heterogeneity of studies, focusing on weight loss and sequelae including swallowing disorders. The current national guidelines emphasize that, in cases of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT) involving the oral cavity and oropharynx, prophylactic gastrostomy placement should be carried out systematically. We review why this technique is particularly relevant in this specific location for the feasibility of cCRT. RECENT FINDINGS: A randomized trial is underway on swallowing disorders and the quality of life of patients after prophylactic vs. reactive gastrostomy in advanced oropharyngeal cancer patients treated with CRT. Concurrently, recent literature reviews emphasize the importance of the cumulative dose of chemotherapy for local control and survival. In cases of cCRT involving the oral cavity or the oropharynx, nutritional support could have a beneficial or detrimental impact on chemotherapy. SUMMARY: Specifically for patients treated with cCRT involving the oral cavity and oropharynx, prophylactic gastrostomy would be able to fulfill the three objectives of local control, survival, and quality of life, minimizing complications related to nutritional support. Studies need to be more homogeneous. In clinical practice, nutrition should primarily assist in carrying out cancer treatment when survival is the main goal.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Humanos , Gastrostomia , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/prevenção & controle , Qualidade de Vida , Boca , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Orofaringe
14.
Acta otorrinolaringol. esp ; 75(2): 94-101, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231381

RESUMO

Introducción: El PIV (pan-immune-inflammation value), un índice que resulta del cociente (neutrófilos×monocitos×plaquetas) / linfocitos, ha sido propuesto como un biomarcador con capacidad pronóstica en diferentes modelos tumorales. El objetivo del presente estudio es analizar la capacidad pronóstica del PIV en pacientes con carcinoma escamoso de cabeza y cuello. Pacientes y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de 1.187 pacientes con carcinoma escamoso de cabeza y cuello tratados en nuestro centro durante el periodo 2000-2017. Se obtuvo el valor del PIV a partir de un análisis realizado en un intervalo inferior a las 3 semanas previas al inicio del tratamiento. Resultados: El valor del PIV se relacionó de forma significativa con el consumo de tóxicos (p=0,001), la localización del tumor (0,0001), la extensión tumoral (0,0001), y el grado histológico (0,016). Mediante un análisis de partición recursiva se definieron 4 categorías en función del valor del PIV: categoría i: PIV<136,3 (n=118; 9,9%), categoría ii: PIV 136,3-451,1 (n=594, 50,0%); categoría iii: PIV 451,1-1.141,2 (n=357; 30,1%); categoría iv: PIV>1.141,2 (n=118; 9,9%). Se pudo observar una reducción ordenada y significativa de la supervivencia específica a medida que se incrementaba la categoría en el valor del PIV. Esta disminución en la supervivencia se produjo de forma independiente al tipo de tratamiento, la extensión del tumor, o la localización del tumor primario. La categoría en el valor del PIV se relacionó de forma significativa con la supervivencia específica en un estudio multivariable. Conclusiones: El PIV es un biomarcador con capacidad pronóstica en los pacientes con carcinoma escamoso de cabeza y cuello.(AU)


Introduction: The pan-immune-inflammation value (PIV), an index that results from the following ratio: (neutrophils×monocytes×platelets) / lymphocytes, has been proposed as a prognostic biomarker in different tumor models. The aim of this study is to analyze the prognostic capacity of PIV in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Patients and methods: Retrospective study of 1,187 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma treated at our center between 2000-2017. PIV value was obtained from an analysis performed within 3 weeks prior to the start of treatment. Results: PIV value was significantly associated with toxic consumption (0.001), tumor location (0.0001), tumor extension (0.0001), and histological grade (0.016). Four categories were defined based on PIV value using a recursive partitioning analysis: category i: PIV<136.3 (n=118, 9.9%), category ii: PIV 136.3-451.1 (n=594, 50.0%), category iii: PIV 451.1-1,141.2 (n=357, 30.1%), and category iv: PIV>1,141.2 (n=118, 9.9%). A significant and ordered decrease in disease-specific survival was observed as the PIV category increased. This decrease in survival was independent of the type of treatment, tumor extension, or location of the primary tumor. The PIV category was an independent prognostic factor of disease-specific survival in a multivariable study. Conclusions: PIV is a prognostic biomarker in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores , Contagem de Plaquetas , Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Monócitos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Otolaringologia , Hipofaringe , Boca , Orofaringe
15.
Cell Host Microbe ; 32(4): 479-488.e4, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479393

RESUMO

The ubiquitous inflammophilic oral pathobiont Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) is widely recognized for its strong association with inflammatory dysbiotic diseases and cancer. Fn is subdivided into four subspecies, which are historically considered functionally interchangeable in the oral cavity. To test this assumption, we analyzed patient-matched dental plaque and odontogenic abscess clinical specimens and examined whether an inflammatory environment selects for/against particular Fn subspecies. Dental plaque harbored a greater diversity of fusobacteria, with Fn. polymorphum dominating, whereas odontogenic abscesses were exceptionally biased for the largely uncharacterized organism Fn. animalis. Comparative genomic analyses revealed significant genotypic distinctions among Fn subspecies that correlate with their preferred ecological niches and support a taxonomic reassignment of each as a distinct Fusobacterium species. Despite originating as a low-abundance organism in dental plaque, Fn. animalis typically outcompetes other oral fusobacteria within the inflammatory abscess environment, which may explain its prevalence in other oral and extraoral diseases.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Fusobacterium , Humanos , Fusobacterium nucleatum/genética , Abscesso , Boca
16.
BMC Microbiol ; 24(1): 88, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral microbiome dysbacteriosis has been reported to be associated with the pathogenesis of advanced esophageal cancer. However, few studies investigated the potential role of oral and gastric microbiota in early-stage intramucosal esophageal squamous carcinoma (EIESC). METHOD: A total of 104 samples were collected from 31 patients with EIESC and 21 healthy controls. The compositions of oral and gastric microbiota were analyzed using 16 S rRNA V3-V4 amplicon sequencing. Linear discriminant analysis effect size (LEfSe) analysis was performed to assess taxonomic differences between groups. The correlation between oral microbiota and clinicopathological factors was evaluated using Spearman correlation analysis. Additionally, co-occurrence networks were established and random forest models were utilized to identify significant microbial biomarkers for distinguishing between the EIESC and control groups. RESULTS: A total of 292 oral genera and 223 species were identified in both EIESC and healthy controls. Six oral genera were remarkably enriched in EIESC groups, including the genera Porphyromonas, Shigella, Subdoligranulum, Leptotrichia, Paludibacter, and Odoribacter. LEfSe analysis identified genera Porphyromonas and Leptotrichia with LDA scores > 3. In the random forest model, Porphyromonas endodontalis ranked the top microbial biomarker to differentiate EIESC from controls. The elimination rate of Porphyromonas endodontalis from the oral cavity to the stomach was also dramatically decreased in the EIESC group than controls. In the microbial co-occurrence network, Porphyromonas endodontalis was positively correlated with Prevotella tannerae and Prevotella intermedia and was negatively correlated with Veillonella dispar. CONCLUSION: Our study potentially indicates that the dysbacteriosis of both the oral and gastric microbiome was associated with EIESC. Larger scale studies and experimental animal models are urgently needed to confirm the possible role of microbial dysbacteriosis in the pathogenesis of EIESC. (Chinese Clinical Trial Registry Center, ChiCTR2200063464, Registered 07 September 2022, https://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.html?proj=178563).


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Disbiose , Boca , Porphyromonas/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
17.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 18(2): 309-314, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484343

RESUMO

Magnusiomyces capitatus (M. capitatus) is an emerging opportunistic yeast, rarely found as a causal agent of invasive fungal infection. In this study, we report a 31-year-old man infected with M. capitatus in the oral cavity, with a history of heroin and amphetamine abuse. M. capitatus was isolated through culture and microscopic analysis and identified by PCR amplification of the ITS DNA region. Based on the in vitro antifungal susceptibility test, the lowest MICs for M. capitatus were recorded for nystatin, itraconazole, and amphotericin, while higher MICs were observed for caspofungin and fluconazole. Treatment with nystatin successfully eliminated M. capitatus and relieved the clinical symptoms. This study presents the first case of M. capitatus in a patient with substance use disorder, manifesting as a plaque-like ulcer in the oral cavity.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Saccharomycetales , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Nistatina , Saccharomycetales/genética , Boca , Fluconazol , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
18.
Cell Host Microbe ; 32(3): 291-293, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484705

RESUMO

Gastric cancer is a deadly global malignancy caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. In a recent issue of Cell, Fu et al. identify Streptococcus anginosus, a bacterium normally residing in the oral cavity, as an additional contributor to gastric carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/microbiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Boca/microbiologia
19.
Am J Case Rep ; 25: e943134, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Chemical burns in the oral cavity, although rare, cause more severe tissue damage than thermal burns, continuing tissue destruction even after removing the causative substance. Prompt identification of the substance, exposure extent, time from injury to treatment, and the injured area are imperative for effective management. This report details severe oral burns in an elderly woman from accidental NaOH ingestion. CASE REPORT A 70-year-old female patient was presented to our hospital approximately 15 h after inadvertent consumption of approximately 20 ml of NaOH (sodium hydroxide) solution. This incident led to oral discomfort and restricted mouth opening. The ingested solution, erroneously assumed to be a beverage, was later identified as a potent alkaline substance typically employed in grease removal. Initial manifestations included intense burning sensation, oral edema, and heightened salivation, which exacerbated on the following day, adversely impacting her alimentation and verbal communication. Clinical examination disclosed extensive damage to the oral mucosa. The diagnosis encompassed a chemical burn in the oral cavity coupled with chronic gastritis. The treatment regimen comprised dietary limitations, administration of famotidine for gastric acid suppression, intravenous hydration, nutritional support, oral care with Kangfuxin liquid, and nebulization therapy. Six months after therapy, she exhibited complete recovery, with the absence of discomfort and restored normal oral functions. CONCLUSIONS Timely and targeted treatment strategies, particularly nebulization medication and Kangfuxin liquid, are effective in managing chemical burns in the oral cavity, promoting wound healing, and preventing complications.


Assuntos
Queimaduras Químicas , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Queimaduras Químicas/etiologia , Queimaduras Químicas/terapia , Hidróxido de Sódio , Boca , Cicatrização , Ingestão de Alimentos
20.
Pol Merkur Lekarski ; 52(1): 42-48, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518232

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: . Aim: To study the stability of surface-modified dental implants, with the usage of sandblasting/acid modification vs. photoactivation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and Methods: In the observation were included 164 patients with dental defects. All patients had digital impressions taken by scanning the oral cavity with an intraoral scanner 3Shape TRIOSR. Group A (80 subjects) included implants whose surface was modified with a combination of sandblasting and acid. Group B (84 subjects) - implants after modification with photoactivation. The implant stability quotient was recorded using an Osstell MentorTM device. RESULTS: Results: The reliable effectiveness of the photoactivation method in complex treatment of the surface of dental implants in improving the stability of fixed dentures in the short and long-term periods of observation was proven. When assessing immediate clinical outcomes, there was no significant difference in the frequency of hyperemia, algesia, hyperthermia, soft tissue edema, regional lymphadenitis, depending on the classical method of treating the implant surface and the complex method with photoactivation. Of the long-term clinical outcomes with classical surface treatment, the absolute risk of implant failure was 1.2%, relative risk - 0,99 [CI%0,96-1,0]. The average value of the implant stability coefficient (ISQ) and the data of the Periotest study at the time of surgery probably did not differ in the observation groups, after 3 months, a higher index was proven in the treatment of the surface by the method of photoactivation and greater stability of the mandibular implants. At the time of implantation, there were no statistically significant differences in implant fixation between the groups, however, during prospective observation in group A, secondary stability indicators based on periotestometry results were significantly lower. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: It was proved the reliable effectiveness of the photoactivation-method for surface modification in the short and long-term periods of observation for improving the results of orthodontically treatment.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Boca , Mandíbula/cirurgia
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