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1.
Codas ; 36(3): e20230153, 2024.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836824

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify the efficacy of using athletic tape associated with myofunctional therapy in the speech-language-hearing treatment of facial palsy after stroke in the acute phase. METHOD: Randomized controlled clinical study with 88 patients with facial palsy in the acute phase of stroke. The sample was allocated in: Group 1: rehabilitation with orofacial myofunctional therapy and use of athletic tape on the paralyzed zygomaticus major and minor muscles; Group 2: rehabilitation alone with orofacial myofunctional therapy on the paralyzed face; Group 3: no speech-language-hearing intervention for facial paralysis. In the evaluation, facial expression movements were requested, and the degree of impairment was determined according to the House and Brackmann scale. Movement incompetence was obtained from measurements of the face with a digital caliper. After the evaluation, the intervention was carried out as determined for groups 1 and 2. The participants of the three groups were reassessed after 15 days. The statistical analysis used was the generalized equations. RESULTS: The groups were homogeneous in terms of age, measure of disability and functioning, severity of neurological impairment and pre-intervention facial paralysis. Group 1 had a significant improvement in the measure from the lateral canthus to the corner of the mouth, with better results than groups 2 and 3. CONCLUSION: The athletic tape associated with orofacial myofunctional therapy had better results in the treatment of facial paralysis after stroke in the place where it was applied.


OBJETIVO: Verificar a eficácia do uso da bandagem elástica funcional associada à terapia miofuncional no tratamento fonoaudiológico da paralisia facial pós-acidente vascular cerebral na fase aguda. MÉTODO: Estudo clínico controlado randomizado com 88 pacientes com paralisia facial na fase aguda do acidente vascular cerebral. A amostra foi alocada em: Grupo 1: reabilitação com terapia miofuncional orofacial e utilização da bandagem elástica funcional nos músculos zigomáticos maior e menor paralisados; Grupo 2: reabilitação apenas com terapia miofuncional orofacial na face paralisada; Grupo 3: sem qualquer intervenção fonoaudiológica para paralisia facial. Na avaliação foram solicitados os movimentos de mímica facial e o grau do comprometimento foi determinado de acordo com a escala de House e Brackmann. A incompetência do movimento foi obtida a partir de medições da face com paquímetro digital. Após a avaliação, a intervenção foi realizada de acordo como determinado para os grupos 1 e 2. Os participantes dos três grupos foram reavaliados após 15 dias. A análise estatística utilizada foi das equações generalizadas. RESULTADOS: Os grupos foram homogêneos quanto à idade, medida de incapacidade e funcionalidade, gravidade do comprometimento neurológico e da paralisia facial pré-intervenção. O grupo 1 teve melhora significativa na medida canto externo do olho à comissura labial, com melhores resultados quando comparado aos grupos 2 e 3. CONCLUSÃO: A bandagem elástica funcional associada a terapia miofuncional orofacial apresentou melhor resultado no tratamento da paralisia facial após acidente vascular cerebral no local onde foi aplicado.


Assuntos
Fita Atlética , Paralisia Facial , Terapia Miofuncional , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Paralisia Facial/reabilitação , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/instrumentação , Terapia Miofuncional/instrumentação , Terapia Miofuncional/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Idoso , Adulto
2.
Codas ; 36(3): e20230109, 2024.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836823

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Present the step of evidence of validity based on the responses to procedures of the MMBGR Protocol Infants and Preschoolers: Instructional and Orofacial Myofunctional Clinical History. METHODS: Study developed according to phonoaudiologic tests validations recommendations. Validity analysis performed based on the process of instrument response. Ten speech therapists, that work on phonoaudiology clinic and/or orofacial myofunctional research on the population with age between 6 to 71 months, participated and applied the MMBGR Protocol Infants and Preschoolers: Instructional and Orofacial Myofunctional Clinical History with those responsible for the children. The speech therapists appraised the instrument applicability via Google®ï¸ electronic forms, containing dichotic and/or multiple-choice questions, and likert scale with space to justify negative answers. The data was tabulated on Microsoft Excel 2016®ï¸ worksheets and analyzed by the content validity index (CVI). The software R Core Team 2022 (Versão 4.2.2) was used. RESULTS: All items from the MMBGR Protocol Infants and Preschoolers: Instructional and Orofacial Myofunctional Clinical History were valid when applied to real contexts. Orofacial Myofunctional Clinic history protocol- IVC 100% in terms of ease of application and filling and usage in professional practice; IVC 90% in terms of usefulness for phonoaudiology clinic. The instructional got IVC 80% in terms of clinic usefulness and 70% regarding to the prior reading necessity to fill the MMBGR Protocol Infants and Preschoolers. CONCLUSION: The Instrucional and Orofacial Myofunctional Clinical History, in the MMBGR Protocol Infants and Preschoolers had its validity proven based on the processes of responses to the usage on phonoaudiology clinic.


OBJETIVO: Apresentar a etapa da evidência de validade baseada nos processos de respostas do Protocolo MMBGR Lactentes e Pré-escolares: Instrutivo e História Clínica Miofuncional Orofacial. MÉTODO: Estudo desenvolvido conforme recomendações para validação de testes em Fonoaudiologia. Realizada análise da validade baseada nos processos de resposta do instrumento. Participaram dez fonoaudiólogos, que atuam em clínica e/ou pesquisa da Motricidade Orofacial com população entre 6 e 71 meses de idade, que aplicaram o Protocolo MMBGR Lactentes e Pré-escolares: Instrutivo e História Clínica Miofuncional Orofacial junto aos responsáveis pelas crianças. Os fonoaudiólogos emitiram apreciação sobre aplicabilidade do instrumento via formulário eletrônico do Google®, contendo questões dicóticas e/ou múltipla escolha, e escala likert com espaço para justificar respostas negativas. Os dados foram tabulados em planilhas Microsoft Excel 2016® e analisados pelo Índice de Validade de Conteúdo (IVC). Utilizado software R Core Team 2022 (Versão 4.2.2). RESULTADOS: Todos os itens do Protocolo MMBGR Lactentes e Pré-escolares: Instrutivo e História Clínica Miofuncional Orofacial foram válidos na aplicação em contexto real. Protocolo de História Clínica Miofuncional Orofacial - IVC 100% quanto à facilidade de aplicação e preenchimento, e uso na prática profissional; e IVC 90% quanto à utilidade para clínica fonoaudiológica. O Instrutivo obteve IVC 80% quanto à utilidade e 70% referente à necessidade de leitura prévia para preenchimento do Protocolo MMBGR Lactentes e Pré-escolares. CONCLUSÃO: O Instrutivo e o Protocolo História Clínica Miofuncional Orofacial, pertencentes ao protocolo MMBGR ­ Lactentes e Pré-escolares tiveram comprovada validade baseada nos processos de resposta, para uso na clínica fonoaudiológica.


Assuntos
Terapia Miofuncional , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Lactente , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Terapia Miofuncional/instrumentação , Terapia Miofuncional/métodos , Fonoterapia , Feminino , Músculos Faciais/fisiopatologia , Músculos Faciais/fisiologia , Masculino
3.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 561, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prefabricated myofunctional appliance can guide tooth eruption, improve dentition alignment, correct myofunctional disorders and harmful oral habits. However, its application to skeletal discrepancy may result in unsatisfactory tooth inclination. This study aimed to construct a novel appliance with overjet design to avoid this side effect and investigated its shape and mechanical changes under occlusion using three-dimensional finite element method. METHODS: We established three samples of prefabricated myofunctional appliances. The first one was edge to edge without overjet, and the outer shield of both jaws were flattened. The second one was 3 mm overjet with stepped the outer shield. The last one was 3 mm overjet, and the outer shield of both jaws were flatted, which meant the front wall of lower jaw was strengthened with bumper, termed as lower bumper. A complete dentition model was applied to the study. 150 N occlusal force was applied to each type of appliance and the deformation displacement and the changes in stress was recorded. RESULTS: The deformation was significant in the incisors regions, especially in the vertical and lateral dimensions. The maximum displacements of 3 mm overjet with step shield group were 7.08 mm (vertical), 3.99 mm (lateral), and 2.90 mm (sagittal), while it decreased to 3.92 mm(vertical), 1.94 mm (lateral), and 1.55 mm (sagittal) in overjet with bumper group. Moreover, the upper molar regions exhibited higher vertical and sagittal displacement in 3 mm overjet with step shield group, which were 3.03 mm (vertical) and 1.99 mm (sagittal), and the bumper design could decrease the maximum displacement to 1.72 mm (vertical) and 0.72 mm (sagittal). In addition, the Von Mises stress of appliances was analyzed, and results indicated that 3 mm overjet with step shield generated higher stress than other groups, with the maximum Von Mises stress was 0.9387 MP, which were 0.5858 and 0.5657 MP in edge to edge group and 3 mm overjet with lower bumper group, respectively. CONCLUSION: The prefabricated myofunctional appliances may cause deformation during occlusion. Compared to step shield group, the application of lower bumper exhibited better resistance to occlusal force.


Assuntos
Análise de Elementos Finitos , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Humanos , Terapia Miofuncional/instrumentação , Terapia Miofuncional/métodos , Força de Mordida , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Sobremordida/terapia , Estresse Mecânico , Mandíbula , Incisivo , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
4.
Lasers Med Sci ; 39(1): 127, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722392

RESUMO

Orofacial pain can significantly affect physical, psychological, and overall quality of life. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of combining photobiomodulation (PBM) with orofacial myofunctional therapy (OMT) in managing orofacial pain disorders. An electronic search of randomized controlled trials in electronic databases was performed until March 2024. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focusing on PBM and OMT for the management of orofacial pain were included. Risk of bias across individual studies was performed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool for interventions. A total of 10 RCTs were included, out of which 7 RCTs revealed that the combined approach of PBM and OMT had a more pronounced impact on diminishing pain and enhancing functional activity in patients with orofacial disorders. One study reported significant increases in pressure pain threshold for TMJ, masseter, and anterior temporalis muscles at both sides in the post-treatment compared with the pre-treatment in both groups. The risk of bias was low in 7, moderate in 2, and high in 1 study. The efficacy of a combined modality treatment of PBM with OMT for orofacial pain disorder shows promising results. However, further randomized controlled trials with extended follow-up periods standardized PBM and OMT parameters are warranted to obtain firm conclusions.


Assuntos
Dor Facial , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Terapia Miofuncional , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Humanos , Terapia Miofuncional/métodos , Dor Facial/radioterapia , Dor Facial/terapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia Combinada , Qualidade de Vida
5.
Laryngoscope ; 134(1): 480-495, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37606313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Orofacial myofunctional therapy (OMT) is an alternative form of treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), that incorporates various exercises to optimize tongue placement and increase oropharyngeal tone. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to determine the efficacy of OMT in OSA patients. DATA SOURCES: PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane, Web of Science. REVIEW METHODS: Using PRISMA guidelines, a directed search strategy was performed for randomized control trials (RCTs) published prior to March 24, 2023, featuring 10+ patients with OSA undergoing mono-therapeutic OMT. The primary outcome of interest was apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). Secondary outcomes included subjective sleepiness, sleep-related quality-of-life, and snoring frequency. RESULTS: Of the 1244 abstracts that were identified, 7 RCTs involving 310 patients met inclusion criteria. Adult OMT patients had a statistically significant improvement in AHI (MD -10.2; 95% CI, -15.6, -4.8, p < 0.05), subjective sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale; MD -5.66; 95% CI, -6.82, -4.5, p < 0.05), sleep-related quality-of-life (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; MD -3.00; 95% CI, -4.52, -1.49, p < 0.05), and minimum oxygen saturation (MD 2.71; 95% CI, 0.23, 5.18, p < 0.05) when compared with sham OMT or no therapy. Within the single RCT featuring pediatric OMT patients, patients had poor compliance (<50%) and did not show any improvements in AHI, minimum oxygen saturation, or snoring frequency. CONCLUSION: OMT may provide a reasonable alternative for OSA patients who cannot tolerate CPAP or other more established treatment options. OMT benefits appear limited in children due to poor compliance. More studies are required to evaluate compliance and the long-term effects of OMT on OSA outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1 Laryngoscope, 134:480-495, 2024.


Assuntos
Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Ronco , Adulto , Humanos , Criança , Terapia Miofuncional , Sonolência , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Orofaringe
6.
Sleep Med ; 113: 293-298, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38086250

RESUMO

Guidelines for management of sleep disorders from national or regional societies provide recommendations that may be regionally appropriate but may not always be practical or relevant in other parts of the world. A task force of experts from the World Sleep Society's (WSS) International Sleep Medicine Guidelines Committee and Sleep and Breathing Disorders Task Force reviewed the European Respiratory Society's guideline on non-CPAP therapies for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with respect to its relevance and applicability to the practice of sleep medicine by sleep specialists in various regions of the world. The task force and the WSS guidelines committee endorsed the European Respiratory Society's guideline with respect to the utilization of bariatric surgery, mandibular advancement devices, positioning devices, myofunctional therapy, hypoglossal neurostimulation, maxilo-mandibular surgery, and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors for the treatment of OSA. The task force and the WSS guidelines committee noted that there is substantial new evidence for the role of soft tissue, upper airway surgery, not included in the guidelines paper.


Assuntos
Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Humanos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Comitês Consultivos , Terapia Miofuncional , Sono
9.
Codas ; 35(6): e20220053, 2023.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37820097

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To correlate the findings regarding the myofunctional orofacial examination, tongue pressure and surface electromyography (sEMG) of deglutition in individuals with different orofacial myofunctional disorders. METHODS: 44 patients (20 males and 24 females, aged between 17 and 63 years old) with different orofacial myofunctional changes were clinically assessed using the Expanded Protocol of Orofacial Myofunctional Evaluation with Scores (OMES-E). In addition, the range of mandibular movements and facial anthropometry were measured, along with the assessment of the tongue pressure (tip and dorsum) and of the electrical activity of the suprahyoid muscles during deglutition, using surface electromyography (sEMG). RESULTS: The statistical analysis found weak correlations between tongue dorsum pressure values, suggesting that the greater the measurement of the lower third of the face, the lower the pressure of the tongue dorsum; the greater the measurement of the overlaps (vertical and horizontal), the higher the pressure of the tongue dorsum; the higher the score from the orofacial evaluation and orofacial functions assessment, the higher the pressure of the tongue dorsum; and the higher the pressure of the tongue dorsum, the higher the pressure of the tongue tip. CONCLUSION: The present study results indicate that the orofacial myofunctional changes found in different groups of patients are more related to the maxillomandibular discrepancies than to the pathologies investigated herein.


OBJETIVO: correlacionar os achados da avaliação clínica miofuncional orofacial, pressão de língua e da eletromiografia de superfície (EMGs) da deglutição de grupos de pacientes com diferentes alterações da motricidade orofacial. MÉTODO: 44 pacientes (20 homens e 24 mulheres com idades entre 17 e 63 anos), com diferentes alterações miofuncionais orofaciais foram avaliados por meio da Avaliação Miofuncional Orofacial com Escores Expandido (AMIOFE-E), avaliação da amplitude mandibular e antropometria facial, mensuração da pressão de língua (ponta e dorso) e exame de Eletromiografia de Superfície (EMGs) em região supra hioidea na tarefa de deglutição de saliva e diferentes volumes de água. RESULTADOS: a análise estatística encontrou algumas correlações fracas que envolvem a pressão do dorso de língua e sugerem que quanto maior for a medida do terço inferior, menor será a pressão do dorso da língua; quanto maior for a medida dos trespasses (vertical e horizontal) maior será a pressão do dorso da língua; quanto maior for a pontuação da avaliação de postura e funções orofaciais, maior será a pressão do dorso de língua e quanto maior for a pressão do dorso de língua, maior será a pressão da ponta da língua. CONCLUSÃO: os resultados sugerem que as alterações miofuncionais orofaciais encontradas nos diferentes grupos de pacientes estão mais relacionadas às discrepâncias maxilomandibulares do que às patologias pesquisadas no presente estudo.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Deglutição , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Deglutição/fisiologia , Pressão , Língua , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Terapia Miofuncional
10.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(3): 59104, 25/10/2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526022

RESUMO

Introdução: Muitos estudos têm se dedicado a compreender melhor a dinâmica da avaliação das estruturas e funções estomatognáticas de lactentes; até a presente pesquisa não foram encontrados estudos específicos para essa faixa etária, até recentemente. Objetivo: Validar o conteúdo de um instrumento fonoaudiológico de avaliação da motricidade orofacial para lactentes na faixa etária de um mês a dois anos. Metodologia: Foi elaborado o instrumento para "avaliação fonoaudiológica da motricidade orofacial de lactentes de um mês a dois anos" a partir dos dados obtidos na literatura. A validação do conteúdo do instrumento se deu por meio da avaliação de quatro juízes para clareza dos itens propostos no protocolo e da representatividade dos mesmos no processo de validação do conteúdo. Os juízes classificaram cada item quanto à clareza, a partir de uma escala tipo Likert de quatro pontos, sendo: (4) muito claro, (3) claro, (2) pouco claro, (1) sem clareza, com o propósito de realizar a validação do conteúdo por meio da aplicação da equação do Índice de Validação do Conteúdo (IVC). Resultados: O protocolo desenvolvido possui 8 itens e uma breve anamnese: Hábitos Orais; Avaliação Estrutural; Respiração; Voz; Avaliação Funcional; Alimentação e Deglutição - líquidos e alimentos em pedaços; Diagnóstico Fonoaudiológico. A etapa seguinte contou com a análise da representatividade e para clareza dos itens do protocolo pelos juízes, e após a segunda análise, a validação do conteúdo resultou na permanência dos 8 itens com Índice de Validade de Conteúdo total de 100%. Conclusão: O conteúdo do protocolo foi considerado válido para uso na avaliação do público-alvo, comprovado por profissionais com experiência na área. A versão final do Protocolo de avaliação fonoaudiológica da motricidade orofacial de bebês foi finalizada com 8 itens de avaliação. (AU)


Introduction: The instruments for evaluating the structures and functions of the stomatognathic system in babies have been lacking in studies. Objective: To validate the content of a speech-language instrument to assess orofacial motricity for babies aged between one month and two years old. Methodology: The instrument for "speech-language assessment of the orofacial motricity of babies from one month to two years old" was created based on the data obtained by the integrative review. The instrument's content was validated through the evaluation of four judges. The judges classified each item according to clarity, based on a four-point Likert scale, as follows: (4) very clear, (3) clear, (2) lightly clear, (1) unclear, to perform content validation by applying the Content Validation Index (CVI) equation. Results: The developed protocol has eight items and a brief anamnesis: Oral Habits; Structural Assessment; Breathing; Voice; Functional Assessment; Feeding and Swallowing - liquids and food in pieces; and Speech-Language Diagnosis. The next step included the analysis of the representativeness of the protocol items by the judges. After the second analysis, the validation of the content resulted in the permanence of the eight items with a total Content Validity Index of 100%. Conclusion: The content of the protocol was considered valid for use in the evaluation of the target audience, proven by people with experience in the area. The final version of the Protocol for the Speech-Language Pathology Assessment of Orofacial Motricity in Babies was completed with eight assessment items. (AU)


Introducción: Los instrumentos para la evaluación de las estructuras y funciones del sistema estomatognático en los bebés han mostrado falta de estudios. Objetivo: Validar el contenido de un instrumento de fonoaudiología para la evaluación de la motricidad orofacial en bebés de un mes a dos años de edad. Metodología: Inicialmente, se llevó a cabo la elaboración del instrumento para la "evaluación logopédica de la motricidad orofacial de bebés de un mes a dos años de edad" propiamente dicho, a partir de los datos obtenidos por la revisión integradora. La validación del contenido del instrumento se realizó a través de la evaluación de cuatro jueces. Los jueces calificaron cada ítem en términos de claridad, utilizando una escala de Likert de cuatro puntos, de la siguiente manera: (4) muy claro, (3) claro, (2) poco claro, (1) poco claro, con el propósito de realizar la validación de contenido a través de la aplicación de la ecuación del Índice de Validación de Contenido (CVI). Resultados: después de la lectura y discusión de los artículos, fue posible desarrollar el protocolo que contiene 8 ítems y una breve anamnesis, que son: Hábitos Orales; Evaluación Estructural; Respiración; Voz; Evaluación Funcional; Alimentación y deglución: líquidos y alimentos en trozos; y; Diagnóstico de Patología del Habla-Lenguaje. El siguiente paso fue el análisis de la representatividad de los ítems del protocolo por parte de los jueces, y luego del segundo análisis, la validación de contenido resultó en la permanencia de 8 ítems con un Índice de Validez de Contenido total del 100%. Conclusión: El contenido del protocolo se consideró válido para su uso en la evaluación del público objetivo, confirmado por personas con experiencia en el área. La versión final del Protocolo de evaluación de la patología del habla y el lenguaje para la motricidad orofacial en bebés se completó con 8 ítems de evaluación. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Lactente , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiologia , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Anormalidades do Sistema Estomatognático/diagnóstico , Terapia Miofuncional/métodos , Fonoaudiologia , Análise Documental
11.
Codas ; 35(5): e20210231, 2023.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37672408

RESUMO

Individuals with trisomy 21 may have muscle hypotonia of the speech articulation organs, an enlarged protruding tongue positioned on the floor of the mouth, and a lack of lip closure. The stimulating palatal plate is an intraoral appliance that, associated with myofunctional therapy, aims to improve these children's habitual lip and tongue posture. This study aimed to present the cases of four male children with trisomy 21, with a mean age of 6.7 and a standard deviation of 7.8 months, who used the stimulating palatal plate in association with myofunctional therapy. The children used the plate for 6 months and did exercises based on the orofacial regulation therapy, and their parents received instructions on feeding them and removing deleterious oral habits. In the first session and at the end of the treatment, each child's face was video-recorded for 5 minutes at rest, and two researchers analyzed independently their habitual tongue and lip posture. Participants who began the treatment earlier and had the most severe postural changes had greater tongue and lip posture improvement.


Indivíduos com Trissomia do 21 podem apresentar hipotonia muscular dos órgãos fonoarticulatórios, língua alargada, posicionada no assoalho oral e protrusa e ausência de selamento labial. A placa palatina de memória é um dispositivo intraoral que, associado à terapia miofuncional, visa à melhora da postura habitual dos lábios e da língua dessas crianças. O objetivo deste trabalho foi apresentar os casos de quatro crianças com Trissomia do 21, do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 6,7 e desvio-padrão de 7,8 meses, que fizeram uso da placa palatina de memória de forma associada à terapia miofuncional. As crianças utilizaram a placa por seis meses, realizaram exercícios baseados na terapia de regulação orofacial e receberam orientações quanto à alimentação e retirada de hábitos orais deletérios. Na primeira sessão e ao final do tratamento, foi realizada a gravação de 5 minutos da face de cada criança em repouso e a análise da postura habitual de língua e de lábios foi realizada por dois pesquisadores independentes. Observou-se maior melhora da postura de língua e de lábios dos participantes que iniciaram o tratamento mais precocemente e que apresentavam as alterações posturais mais severas.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Down , Humanos , Criança , Masculino , Terapia Miofuncional , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício
12.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 24(3): 201-206, 2023 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37668462

RESUMO

AIM: In this study we present the new postoperative oro-myofunctional protocol following frenectomy by atmospheric plasma associated with a systemic postural approach, which determines functional recovery through body symmetry restoration based on the concepts of the French "Mezieres Method" and postural bench. METHODS: A total of 130 patients (76 female, 54 male) affected by ankyloglossia of class III/IV, according to Kotlow's Tongue Tie Classification have been treated with atmospheric plasma followed by oro-myofunctional therapy associated with a systemic postural approach. The overall change, improved/worsened speech, feeding, or sleep has been evaluated through the 10 points Parents Speech Satisfaction (PSS) Score after one week and two months. CONCLUSION: Based on the findings of the current investigation, myofunctional therapy in tongue-tie results in a consistent significant functional ameliorating of feeding capability, speech and sleeping of subject treated as reported with traditional oro-myofunctional therapy.


Assuntos
Anquiloglossia , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Terapia Miofuncional , Pais , Língua/cirurgia
13.
Orthod Fr ; 94(2): 423-429, 2023 08 09.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37553882

RESUMO

Introduction: Pr. Delaire has understood since 2005 that functional therapy shouldn't try to rehabilitate a praxis but instead focus on the whole created by different oro-facial functions to ensure the creation of a global dynamic balance. That's why rehabilitation of the right tongue posture is a necessary condition for automation as nasal breathing; in the same meaning that rehabilitation of nasal breathing is a necessary condition for automation of the right tongue posture. Fortunately, nature can help us if we respect and follow physiological processes that take into account key points of « connectionism ¼. As a reminder that « learning isn't only the ability to produce an action, a behaviour that was unknown before, it's a process that need to inhibate automatical mental processes ¼. Materials and Methods: The author will develop his philosophy of « connectionism ¼, based on his personal research, his readings on neuroscience and oro-facial functions and his forty years of clinical practice. Conclusion: Orofacial functions influence each other and inhibition of each dysfunction is necessary to automate the newly obtained myofunctional balance.


Introduction: Le Pr Delaire avait compris, dès 2005, que ce n'est pas la rééducation d'une praxie qui doit être prise en charge dans les rééducations fonctionnelles mais l'ensemble des praxies oro-faciales pour assurer un équilibre dynamique global. Ainsi, la rééducation de la respiration est une condition nécessaire à la rééducation de la langue, qui est une condition nécessaire à la rééducation respiratoire. Heureusement, la nature peut nous venir en aide si l'on respecte des processus physiologiques qui intègrent l'apport du connexionnisme sans oublier qu'« apprendre ne relève pas uniquement de la capacité à produire un comportement qui nous était inconnu, c'est aussi une démarche qui vise à inhiber des processus mentaux automatiques ¼. Matériels et méthodes: L'auteur va développer sa philosophie du « connexionisme ¼, basée sur ses recherches personnelles, ses lectures sur les neurosciences et sur les fonctions oro-faciales et ses quarante années de pratiques cliniques. Conclusion: Les fonctions oro-faciales s'influencent entre elles et l'inhibition des différentes dysfonctions est nécessaire pour automatiser l'équilibre nouvellement obtenu.


Assuntos
Respiração , Língua , Humanos , Língua/fisiologia , Terapia Miofuncional , Nariz , Aprendizagem
14.
Orthod Fr ; 94(2): 335-376, 2023 08 09.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37553885

RESUMO

Introduction: Orofacial myofunctional reeducation (OFMR) is the rehabilitation of the muscles, functions and resting postures of the orofacial complex. It is used in the therapeutic management of orofacial dysfunction in patients of all ages and with a wide range of disorders and comorbidities. Objective: The main objective of this article was to advocate the association of orofacial myofunctional reeducation (OFMR) with the use of prefabricated reeducation appliances (PRAs) in orthodontics. Material and Method: A summary of published data was carried out and the conclusions of a cross-sectional epidemiological study were reported. The aim of the study was to assess the current state of orofacial myofunctional rehabilitation in orthodontics in France. Consideration was given to the relevance of the arguments put forward by manufacturers regarding the specific features of their devices and their supposed effects. Results: Published data, albeit of uneven methodological quality, seem to show the superiority of orofacial myofunctional reeducation combined with the use of a prefabricated reeducation appliance (PRA), compared with the use of OFMR without PRA. A new, more effective, simpler and less time-consuming approach to PRA-assisted OFMR is proposed. The project for a new model of prefabricated reeducation appliance is presented. Ten clinical cases are presented to illustrate the clinical and administrative aspects of this PRA-assisted RMOF. Original clinical approaches are also presented: mandibular disocclusion and recentering wedges (MDRW), anti-retrusion wedges (ARW) and sequential multi-attachment bonding (SMB), mandibular then maxillary. Conclusion: PRA-assisted OFMR appears to be a necessary paradigm shift, which it would be useful to offer our patients.


Introduction: La rééducation myofonctionnelle orofaciale (RMOF) est la rééducation des muscles, des fonctions et des postures de repos du complexe orofacial. Elle est utilisée dans la prise en charge thérapeutique des dysfonctionnements orofaciaux chez des patients de tous âges et présentant un large éventail de troubles et de comorbidités. Objectif: L'objectif principal de cet article était de prôner l'association de la rééducation myofonctionnelle orofaciale (RMOF) avec le port d'une gouttière de rééducation préfabriquée (GRP) en orthodontie. Matériel et méthode: Une synthèse des données publiées a été effectuée et les conclusions d'une étude épidémiologique transversale ont été rapportées. Elle avait été menée pour dresser un état des lieux de la pratique de la rééducation myofonctionnelle orofaciale en orthodontie en France. Une réflexion a été conduite sur la pertinence des arguments avancés par les fabricants quant aux particularités de leurs dispositifs et leurs effets supposés. Résultats: Les données publiées, même de qualité méthodologique inégale, semblent montrer la supériorité d'une rééducation myofonctionnelle orofaciale associée au port d'une gouttière de rééducation préfabriquée (GRP) comparée à la mise en œuvre d'une RMOF sans GRP. Une nouvelle approche de la RMOF assistée par GRP, plus efficace, plus simple et moins chronophage est proposée. Le projet d'un nouveau modèle de gouttière de rééducation préfabriquée est exposé. Dix cas cliniques sont présentés pour illustrer les volets clinique et administratif de cette RMOF assistée par GRP. Des approches cliniques originales sont également exposées : cales de désocclusion et de recentrage mandibulaire (CDRM), cales anti-rétrusion (CAR) et collage multiattache séquentiel (CMS), mandibulaire puis maxillaire. Conclusion: La RMOF assistée par GRP apparaît comme un nécessaire changement de paradigme, dont il semble utile de faire bénéficier nos patients.


Assuntos
Terapia Miofuncional , Ortodontia , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Mandíbula , Músculos
15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37551573

RESUMO

Objective:This study aimed to investigate the change of the position of the tongue before and after combined treatment of maxillary expansion and orofacial myofunctional therapy in children with mouth-breathing and skeletal class Ⅱmalocclusion. Methods:A total of 30 children with skeletal class Ⅱ malocclusion and unobstructed upper airway were selected. The 30 children were divided into mouth-breathing group(n=15) and nasal-breathing group(n=15) and CBCT was taken. The images were measured by Invivo5 software. The measurement results of the tongue position of the two groups were analyzed by independent samples t-test. 15 mouth-breathing children with skeletal class Ⅱ malocclusion were selected for maxillary expansion and orofacial myofunctional therapy. CBCT was taken before and after treatment, the measurements were analyzed by paired sample t test with SPSS 27.0 software package. Results:The measurement of the tongue position of the mouth-breathing and nasal-breathing groups were compared, the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05). The measurement of the tongue position showed significant difference after the combined treatment of maxillary expansion and orofacial myofunctional therapy in children with mouth-breathing and skeletal class Ⅱmalocclusion(P<0.05). Conclusion:Skeletal class Ⅱ malocclusion children with mouth-breathing have low tongue posture. The combined treatment of maxillary expansion and orofacial myofunctional therapy can change the position of the tongue.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Terapia Miofuncional , Criança , Humanos , Terapia Miofuncional/métodos , Respiração Bucal/terapia , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Língua , Má Oclusão/terapia
16.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(2): 55472, 02/08/2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444735

RESUMO

Objetivo: verificar se a idade das crianças com Trissomia do 21 e o tempo de uso por dia da placa palatina de memória influenciam a adaptação da criança à placa, as mudanças miofuncionais orofaciais percebidas pelos pais e a satisfação da família, após quatro meses de tratamento. Métodos: participaram do estudo14 pais ou responsáveis legais de crianças com Trissomia do 21, com idades de 3 a 20 meses. O tratamento com a placa palatina de memória foi realizado durante quatro meses. A adaptação da criança à placa, as mudanças miofuncionais orofaciais percebidas pelos pais e a satisfação das famílias em relação ao tratamento foram investigadas por meio de questionário elaborado pelos autores da pesquisa e respondido pelas mães após quatro meses de tratamento. Resultados: a média de idade das crianças que participaram do estudo foi 10 meses e o desvio-padrão de 4,9 meses. O resultado do questionário indicou associação entre idade e postura de lábios relatada pelos pais com o uso da placa palatina de memória, sendo que todas as crianças menores de 10 meses mantiveram o selamento labial, de acordo com os pais, durante o uso da placa; bem como entre idade e satisfação com o tratamento, sendo que as mães das crianças menores mostraram-se mais satisfeitas. Conclusão: os resultados do estudo indicam que houve associação entre idade e postura de lábios relatada pelos pais com o uso da placa, bem como entre idade e satisfação com o tratamento e sugerem que o tratamento precoce com a placa palatina de memória beneficia as crianças com Trissomia do 21. (AU)


Purpose: to verify if the age of children with Trisomy 21 and the time of use per day of the stimulating palatal plate influence the child's adaptation to the plate, the orofacial myofunctional changes perceived by the parents, and the family's satisfaction, after four months of treatment. Methods: 14 parents or legal guardians of children with Trisomy 21, aged between 3 and 20 months, participated in the study. Treatment with the stimulating palatal plate was carried out for four months. The child's adaptation to the plate, the orofacial myofunctional changes perceived by the parents, and the families' satisfaction with the treatment were investigated through a questionnaire prepared by the research authors and answered by the mothers after four months of treatment. Results: The mean age of the children who participated in the study was 10 months and the standard deviation was 4.9 months. The results of the questionnaire indicated an association between age and lip posture, reported by parents, during the use of the stimulating palatal plate, and all children under 10 months maintained lip closure, according to the parents, during the use of the plate. Age was also associated with satisfaction with the service, as the mothers of younger children were more satisfied. Conclusion: The study results indicate an association between age and lip posture, reported by the parents, during the use of the plate, and between age and satisfaction with the service. Thus, it suggests that early treatment with the stimulating palatal plate benefits children with Trisomy 21. (AU)


Objetivo: verificar si la edad de los niños con Trisomía 21 y el tiempo de uso por día de la placa palatina de memoria influyen en la adaptación del niño a la placa, los cambios miofuncionales orofaciales percibidos por los padres y la satisfacción de la familia, después de cuatro meses de tratamiento. Métodos: Participaron en el estudio 14 padres o tutores legales de niños con trisomía 21, con edades comprendidas entre los 3 y los 20 meses. El tratamiento con la placa de memoria palatina se llevó a cabo durante cuatro meses. La adaptación del niño al plato, los cambios miofuncionales orofaciales percibidos por los padres y la satisfacción de las familias con el tratamiento fueron investigados a través de un cuestionario elaborado por los autores y respondido por las madres, después de cuatro meses de tratamiento. Resultados: La edad media de los niños que participaron en el estudio fue de 10 meses y la desviación estándar fue de 4,9. El resultado del cuestionario indicó una asociación entre la edad y la postura de los labios, reportada por los padres, con el uso de la placa de memoria palatina, y todos los niños menores de 10 meses mantuvieron el sello de los labios, según los padres, durante el uso de la placa de memoria palatina, así como entre la edad y la satisfacción con el servicio. Las madres de niños más pequeños estaban más satisfechas. Conclusión: Los resultados del estudio indican que hubo asociación entre la edad y la postura de los labios, reportada por los padres, con el uso de la placa, así como entre la edad y la satisfacción con el servicio, y sugieren que el tratamiento temprano con la placa de memoria palatina beneficia a los niños con trisomía 21. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Fatores Etários , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Síndrome de Down , Terapia Miofuncional , Anormalidades da Boca/reabilitação
17.
Codas ; 35(3): e20220057, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37255205

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the effect of an virtual speech-language orientation program, as well as the prevention of orofacial myofunctional alterations. METHODS: Fifty-five volunteer residents aged between 18 and 50 years of age residents of Federal District participated in the study, 14 men and 41 women with an average of 28. The orientation program was divided into five stages (1) The preparation of material to be used in the orientation program, (2) The completion of a semi-structured questionnaire made available through Google Forms, (3) Completion of a pre-orientation program questionnaire, (4) utilization of the speech therapy orientation program, (5) Completion of the post-orientation program questionnaire. To analyze the results the McNemar statistical test was used considering the absolute frequency (N), enabling comparison through a paired sample. The significance level adopted was 5%. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were seen in 10 of the 19 questions asked in the pre and post-orientation program questionnaires, proving the effect of the orientation program and improvement in participants' knowledge. In addition the participants were satisfied with the program and the content. CONCLUSION: The orientation program focused on health promotion and prevention of orofacial myofunctional alterations and combined with telehealth brought significant changes to the reality of the participants, favoring the quality of life of these individuals and changing their reality.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Telemedicina , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculos Faciais , Fonoterapia/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Qualidade de Vida , Interface Usuário-Computador , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Terapia Miofuncional/métodos
18.
Orthod Fr ; 94(1): 93-111, 2023 04 28.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37114820

RESUMO

Introduction: In 85% of orthodontic patients, lingual dyspraxias are present and may justify orofacial myofunctional rehabilitation because of their morphogenetic potential. The objective of this literature review is to search for scientific arguments corroborating or not the relationships between dysmorphias and the static, dynamic labio-lingual-jugal balance during functions and parafunctions. Material and Method: A review of the literature was carried out by keywords on PubMed. The search covered the period from 1913 to 2022. A complementary selection of articles or book chapters was made from the references of the included articles. Results: The morphogenetic role of the tongue is mainly involved at rest and during ventilation in all three dimensions. Oral ventilation is associated with many craniofacial dysmorphy. Concerning swallowing, phonation, non-nutritive sucking and temporomandibular joint dysfunctions, it is the combined association of several anomalies that is found in dysmorphia without a causal link being established. Thus, for some, the lingual posture would only constitute an adaptation to a dysmorphia. Discussion: Essentially based on expert opinion, the level of evidence is still insufficient. The authors are confronted with the difficulty of finding adequate, quantifiable and reproducible indicators. Conclusion: This subject, which probably remains neglected because it is interdisciplinary and the result of a historically European reflection, deserves to be further studied.


Introduction: Chez 85 % des patients orthodontiques, les dyspraxies linguales sont présentes, pouvant justifier une rééducation myofonctionnelle orofaciale en raison de leur supposé potentiel morphogénétique. L'objectif de cette revue de littérature était de rechercher les arguments scientifiques corroborant ou non les relations entre les dysmorphies et l'équilibre labio-linguo-jugal statique, dynamique lors des fonctions et des parafonctions. Matériel et méthode: Une revue de littérature a été réalisée par mots clés sur les bases de données PubMed (Medline) et EM Consulte. La recherche s'étend sur la période de 1913 à 2022, une sélection complémentaire d'articles ou de chapitres de livres a été effectuée à partir des références des articles inclus. Résultats: Le rôle morphogénétique de la langue intervient essentiellement au repos et lors de la ventilation dans les trois dimensions. Une ventilation buccale est associée à de nombreuses dysmorphies cranio-faciales. Concernant la déglutition, la phonation, la succion non nutritive et les dysfonctionnements des articulations temporo-mandibulaires, c'est la conjugaison de plusieurs anomalies qui est retrouvée dans les dysmorphies, sans que le lien de cause à effet ne soit établi. Ainsi, pour certains, la posture linguale ne constituerait qu'une adaptation à une dysmorphie. Discussion: Essentiellement basé sur des avis d'experts, le niveau de preuves demeure encore insuffisant. Les auteurs se heurtent à la difficulté à trouver des indicateurs adéquats quantifiables et reproductibles. Conclusion: Ce sujet, qui reste probablement délaissé car il est interdisciplinaire et le résultat d'une réflexion historiquement européenne, mérite d'être davantage étudié.


Assuntos
Deglutição , Síndrome da Disfunção da Articulação Temporomandibular , Humanos , Língua , Respiração , Fonação , Terapia Miofuncional/métodos
19.
J Oral Rehabil ; 50(7): 555-565, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37010143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterized by repetitive narrowing and collapse of pharyngeal airway during sleep, leading to apnoea or hypopnoea. In this context, myofunctional therapy and myofascial release might be effective, despite the literature on the combination of these approaches is still scarce. OBJECTIVES: This randomized controlled trial aimed to assess the efficacy of oro-facial myofunctional therapy combined with myofascial release in terms of functioning in patients with mild OSA. METHODS: Patients aged from 40 to 80 years with diagnosis of mild OSA were randomly allocated into intervention group (oro-facial myofunctional therapy plus myofascial release) and control group (only oro-facial myofunctional therapy). At the baseline (T0), after 4 weeks (T1), and after 8 weeks (T2), the following outcomes were assessed: apnoea/hypopnoea index (AHI), average oxygen saturation (SpO2 ), sleep time spent with oxygen saturation < 90% (T90), snoring index, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). RESULTS: Out of the 60 patients enrolled, 28 (aged 61.46 ± 8.74 years) complete the treatment in the intervention group and 24 (aged 60.42 ± 6.61 years) in the control group. There were no significant differences in AHI between groups. A significant difference was reported for ΔT0-T1 SpO2 (p = .01), T90 (p = .030), ΔT0-T1 and ΔT0-T2 snoring index (p = .026 and <.001 respectively), and ΔT0-T1 and ΔT0-T2 Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (p = .003 and <.001 respectively). CONCLUSION: Taken together, a combination of oro-facial myofunctional therapy and myofascial release showed a potential treatment for sleep quality in patients with mild OSA. Future studies are necessary to better investigate the role of these interventions in OSA patients.


Assuntos
Terapia Miofuncional , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Humanos , Ronco , Terapia de Liberação Miofascial , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Sono
20.
Can J Dent Hyg ; 57(1): 61-68, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36968798

RESUMO

Purpose: To demonstrate the effect of an orofacial myofunctional therapy intervention by an interdisciplinary team composed of a registered dental hygienist who is also a certified orofacial myologist (COM®), a general dentist, and an orthodontist on the elimination of oral habits and changes in dental malocclusion. Method: This case study describes a 7-year-old female who underwent an individualized myofunctional therapy program and was given supervised education on a series of exercises targeting the muscles of mastication and facial expression over 5 months. Correct oral rest postures of the tongue and the lips were also established through therapy. Results: The intervention enabled the client to eliminate multiple oral habits, which corrected oral rest postures of the lips and tongue. This correction consequently improved the client's malocclusion and further prepared the client for future orthodontic treatment. Conclusion: Myofunctional therapy facilitated the elimination of unfavourable oral habits that led to malocclusion. Eliminating oral habits better prepared the client for orthodontic treatment and retention. Use of an interdisciplinary team facilitates optimal client care.


Objectif: Démontrer l'effet d'une thérapie orofaciale myofonctionnelle par une équipe interdisciplinaire composée d'un hygiéniste dentaire autorisé qui est aussi un myologiste orofacial certifié (COM®), d'un dentiste généraliste et d'un orthodontiste sur l'élimination des habitudes buccales et les changements de la malocclusion dentaire. Méthodologie: La présente étude de cas décrit une fille de 7 ans qui a suivi un programme personnalisé de thérapie myofonctionnelle et a reçu une éducation supervisée sur une série d'exercices ciblant les muscles de la mastication et de l'expression faciale au cours d'une période de 5 mois. La thérapie a aussi permis d'établir des postures appropriées de repos de la langue et des lèvres. Résultats: Grâce à la thérapie, la cliente a pu éliminer de multiples habitudes buccales, ce qui a corrigé les postures de repos buccal des lèvres et de la langue. Cette modification a par conséquent amélioré la malocclusion de la cliente et a permis de la préparer à un futur traitement orthodontique. Conclusion: La thérapie myofonctionnelle a favorisé l'élimination d'habitudes buccales défavorables qui ont mené à la malocclusion. En éliminant les habitudes buccales, la cliente était mieux préparée au traitement orthodontique et à la rétention. L'utilisation d'une équipe interdisciplinaire optimise les soins du client.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Terapia Miofuncional , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Má Oclusão/terapia , Músculos Faciais/fisiologia , Língua/fisiologia , Hábitos Linguais/terapia
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