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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 473: 134612, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761766

RESUMO

Metal pollution caused by deep-sea mining activities has potential detrimental effects on deep-sea ecosystems. However, our knowledge of how deep-sea organisms respond to this pollution is limited, given the challenges of remoteness and technology. To address this, we conducted a toxicity experiment by using deep-sea mussel Gigantidas platifrons as model animals and exposing them to different copper (Cu) concentrations (50 and 500 µg/L) for 7 days. Transcriptomics and LC-MS-based metabolomics methods were employed to characterize the profiles of transcription and metabolism in deep-sea mussels exposed to Cu. Transcriptomic results suggested that Cu toxicity significantly affected the immune response, apoptosis, and signaling processes in G. platifrons. Metabolomic results demonstrated that Cu exposure disrupted its carbohydrate metabolism, anaerobic metabolism and amino acid metabolism. By integrating both sets of results, transcriptomic and metabolomic, we find that Cu exposure significantly disrupts the metabolic pathway of protein digestion and absorption in G. platifrons. Furthermore, several key genes (e.g., heat shock protein 70 and baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 2/3) and metabolites (e.g., alanine and succinate) were identified as potential molecular biomarkers for deep-sea mussel's responses to Cu toxicity. This study contributes novel insight for assessing the potential effects of deep-sea mining activities on deep-sea organisms.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Cobre , Metabolômica , Transcriptoma , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Cobre/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Mytilidae/genética , Mytilidae/efeitos dos fármacos , Mytilidae/metabolismo , Bivalves/efeitos dos fármacos , Bivalves/genética , Bivalves/metabolismo
2.
Environ Toxicol Chem ; 43(6): 1423-1430, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634767

RESUMO

The risk of lampricide applications (such as 4-nitro-3-[trifluoromethyl]phenol [TFM]) to nontarget fauna continues to be a concern within the Great Lakes Fishery Commission Sea Lamprey Control Program, especially among imperiled aquatic species-such as native freshwater mussels. The Grand River (Ohio, USA) is routinely treated for larval sea lampreys (Petromyzon marinus), and this river contains populations of the federally threatened mussel Obovaria subrotunda. Given this spatial overlap, information on the sensitivity of O. subrotunda to TFM is needed. Our objectives were to assess the toxicity of TFM to (1) adult Obovaria olivaria (a surrogate for O. subrotunda), (2) glochidial larvae of O. olivaria and O. subrotunda, (3) juveniles of O. olivaria and O. subrotunda, and (4) adult Percina maculata (host for O. subrotunda glochidia). In acute toxicity tests, TFM was not toxic to glochidia and adult mussels at exposure concentrations that exceed typical treatment rates. Although significant dose-response relationships were observed in hosts and juveniles, survival was ≥95% (Percina maculata), ≥93% (O. olivaria), and ≥74% (O. subrotunda) at typical treatment rates. However, the steep slope of these dose-response relationships indicates that an approximately 20% difference in the treatment level can result in nearly an order of magnitude difference in survival. Collectively, these data indicate that routine sea lamprey control operations are unlikely to acutely affect these species or their host. However, given that many mussel species are long-lived (30-100 years), the risks posed by lampricide treatments in the Great Lakes would be further informed by research on the potential long-term effects of lampricides on imperiled species. Environ Toxicol Chem 2024;43:1423-1430. Published 2024. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Fenóis/toxicidade , Bivalves/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda , Petromyzon , Perciformes , Mytilidae/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Mar Environ Res ; 196: 106422, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437777

RESUMO

Anthropogenic biodiversity loss poses a significant threat to ecosystem functioning worldwide. Numerically dominant and locally rare (i.e., transient) species are key components of biodiversity, but their contribution to multiple ecosystem functions (i.e., multifunctionality) has been seldomly assessed in marine ecosystems. To fill this gap, here we analyze the effects of a dominant and a transient species on ecosystem multifunctionality. In an observational study conducted along ca. 200 km of the southeastern Pacific coast, the purple mussel Perumytilus purpuratus numerically dominated the mid-intertidal and the dwarf mussel Semimytilus patagonicus exhibited low abundances but higher recruitment rates. In laboratory experiments, the relative abundances of both species were manipulated to simulate the replacement of P. purpuratus by S. patagonicus and five proxies for ecosystem functions-rates of clearance, oxygen consumption, total biodeposit, organic biodeposit, and excretion-were analyzed. This replacement had a positive, linear, and significant effect on the combined ecosystem functions, particularly oxygen consumption and excretion rates. Accordingly, S. patagonicus could well drive ecosystem functioning given favorable environmental conditions for its recovery from rarity. Our study highlights therefore the key role of transient species for ecosystem performance. Improving our understanding of these dynamics is crucial for effective ecosystem conservation, especially in the current scenario of biological extinctions and invasions.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Mytilidae , Animais , Biodiversidade
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 916: 170243, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38244621

RESUMO

In past decades, non-native species invasion has emerged as one of the leading drivers of biodiversity loss in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems globally. In aquatic ecosystems, invasion by bivalve species has increased substantially due to their evolutionary resilience and adaptability. This study aimed to determine the habitat suitability of the South American bivalve Mytella strigata in the northern Indian Ocean using Species distribution modelling. The species occurrence and environmental data for model building were extracted from GBIF, Bio-ORACLE, The World Bank Data Catalogue and GMED. Pearson's correlation (<0.7) and Variance inflation factor (<10) analyses were used to select the environmental covariates. Individual models were built by combining the native range occurrence data of Mytella strigata with the bioclimatic data under the current climatic setting. Ten individual models were built and ensembled to create the final model using the biomod2 package. The variable importance score and the response curve plot were used to identify the most crucial variable and its influence on the models. Distance to port had the highest influence on predicting the distribution of Mytella strigata. The results indicated that the western coast of India as more susceptible to invasion. Our predictions indicate that the species has the potential to become highly invasive in the region, given the vast habitat suitability and documented introduction and presence of the species in the region. This research generated baseline information on the habitat suitability of M. strigata that will aid in managing and restricting its spread in the region. Considering the substantial impact of the species in other introduced ranges worldwide, immediate action should be initiated for the swift management of M. strigata from the Indian coast.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Mytilidae , Animais , Oceano Índico , Biodiversidade , América do Sul
5.
Ecol Appl ; 34(1): e2887, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37210676

RESUMO

The invasive freshwater mussel Limnoperna fortunei (Dunker, 1857) has spread widely throughout Asia and South America, especially via interbasin water diversion and navigation. The middle route of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project (SNWTP), whose terminal is Beijing, has diverted more than 60 billion m3 of water from the Yangtze River Basin to Northern China since December 2014. L. fortunei has spread north to Beijing along the SNWTP, biofouling its channels and tunnels. To determine the status of L. fortunei's invasion in Beijing, we systematically inspected the water bodies receiving southern water, including all branches of the SNWTP, water treatment plants, lakes, reservoirs, and rivers. We measured the densities of adults and veligers of L. fortunei and conducted eDNA analyses of water samples. A generalized linear model and canonical correspondence analysis were adopted to investigate the correlations between environmental (e.g., water temperature, conductivity, pH, total nitrogen, and phosphorus) and biological (e.g., chlorophyll a, plankton density, and community composition) variables and the densities of adults and veligers of L. fortunei. Water temperature is the most important factor in determining the densities of D-shaped and pediveliger veligers, with explanatory variable contributions of 56.2% and 43.9%, respectively. The pH affects the densities of D-shaped, umbonated, and pediveliger veligers. The density of plantigrade veligers is negatively correlated with the conductivity and positively correlated with the concentration of chlorophyll a. Canonical correspondence analysis shows a weak correlation between the dominant phytoplankton taxa and the density of veligers. The densities of D-shaped, umbonated, and pediveliger veligers are positively correlated with the density of small phytoplankton (12.54 ± 4.33 µm), and the density of plantigrade veligers is positively correlated with the density of large (16.12 ± 5.96 µm) phytoplankton. The density of planktonic veligers is well correlated with local abiotic variables, and that of plantigrade veligers is less correlated with local abiotic variables. This finding implies that controlling early-stage veligers by altering water temperature, pH, and food size might effectively control the establishment of further L. fortunei colonies.


Assuntos
Mytilidae , Animais , Pequim , Clorofila A , Fitoplâncton , China , Lagos
6.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 199: 115946, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38150974

RESUMO

Spatio-temporal responses of the intertidal macrobenthic community to the effects of a submarine outfall (SO) and a new sewage treatment plant (EDAR) were evaluated, analyzing changes in macrofaunal assemblages and community structure. Study was conducted in a SW Atlantic coastal area in 4 stages: BSO (Before the SO), Du (During the construction of the SO), ASO (After the SO start-up) and AEDAR (After the treatment plant start-up). Boccardia proboscidea and Brachidontes rodriguezii contributed most to the differences between all stages at the site nearest to the discharge point. Number of individuals was highest at BSO and Du. Richness and diversity were lowest at the BSO and highest at the Du. Furthermore, the richness decreased slightly, and the diversity increased at AEDAR. Evenness was highest at the BSO and AEDAR. The nestedness was the dominant process driving the differences between the BSO stage community and the rest of the stages. SO affects the composition and structure of the intertidal macrobenthic community near the outfall area, as organic matter discharge further offshore favour the development of a more diverse intertidal community, including species sensitive to organic enrichment.


Assuntos
Mytilidae , Poliquetos , Humanos , Animais , Esgotos/análise , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental
7.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(1): 48, 2023 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38105301

RESUMO

Invasive alien species (IAS) exert a negative impact on native ecosystems and on various human activities. Limnoperna fortunei (Dunker 1857), a sessile mytilid introduced from Asia in the Río de la Plata, demonstrates a high dispersal capacity, growing over other organisms and artificial structures. Understanding its behavior is crucial for developing appropriate control and mitigating its detrimental effects. This study investigated the population dynamics of this mollusk in response to urban effluents in a large river. Water and population parameters of L. fortunei were measured both upstream and downstream of a small town from July to December 2020. Downstream areas exhibited increased temperature and decreased transparency compared to upstream locations, while pH, conductivity, and dissolved oxygen remained relatively constant. However, downstream, the L. fortunei population comprised fewer and smaller individuals, displaying high width-to-length ratios. Most measured water parameters exhibited significant differences between sampling months. The abundance of L. fortunei remained relatively stable over time due to its nearly continuous reproduction in Uruguay. Nonetheless, shell elongation (15.3-22.8 mm) coincided with an increase in dry weight (0.009-0.038 g) from winter to spring. Allometric relationships, primarily following a power-law model, varied between months, ranging from H = 0.39L1.04 to H = 1.36L0.57. This study contributes to the comprehension of the population dynamics and life history of L. fortunei, thereby aiding in the conservation of invaded aquatic systems. Moreover, it provides valuable insights into the effects of urban effluents on this species, contributing to our understanding of its potential role as a bioindicator.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Mytilidae , Animais , Monitoramento Ambiental , Espécies Introduzidas , Mytilidae/fisiologia , Uruguai , Rios
8.
Microbiome ; 11(1): 253, 2023 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37974296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The within-species diversity of symbiotic bacteria represents an important genetic resource for their environmental adaptation, especially for horizontally transmitted endosymbionts. Although strain-level intraspecies variation has recently been detected in many deep-sea endosymbionts, their ecological role in environmental adaptation, their genome evolution pattern under heterogeneous geochemical environments, and the underlying molecular forces remain unclear. RESULTS: Here, we conducted a fine-scale metagenomic analysis of the deep-sea mussel Gigantidas platifrons bacterial endosymbiont collected from distinct habitats: hydrothermal vent and methane seep. Endosymbiont genomes were assembled using a pipeline that distinguishes within-species variation and revealed highly heterogeneous compositions in mussels from different habitats. Phylogenetic analysis separated the assemblies into three distinct environment-linked clades. Their functional differentiation follows a mosaic evolutionary pattern. Core genes, essential for central metabolic function and symbiosis, were conserved across all clades. Clade-specific genes associated with heavy metal resistance, pH homeostasis, and nitrate utilization exhibited signals of accelerated evolution. Notably, transposable elements and plasmids contributed to the genetic reshuffling of the symbiont genomes and likely accelerated adaptive evolution through pseudogenization and the introduction of new genes. CONCLUSIONS: The current study uncovers the environment-driven evolution of deep-sea symbionts mediated by mobile genetic elements. Its findings highlight a potentially common and critical role of within-species diversity in animal-microbiome symbioses. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Fontes Hidrotermais , Mytilidae , Animais , Filogenia , Mytilidae/genética , Mytilidae/microbiologia , Bactérias , Ecossistema , Metano/metabolismo , Simbiose
9.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 197: 115760, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37984088

RESUMO

This study marked the first exploration of microplastics in marine invertebrates in the Red Sea Coast of Egypt. 110 individuals from 11 different species, including Bivalvia, Gastropoda, Echinoidea, and Holothuroidrea, were collected near a popular tourist destination. The average concentrations of microplastics varied among species, ranging from 8.2 to 136.5 items per individual or 0.2 to 18.1 items per gram of tissue wet weight, with 100 % occurrence. Bivalves had higher concentrations per gram of tissue compared to sediment dwellers and grazers, with Brachidontes pharaonis showing the highest levels. Actinopyga crassa, a sea cucumber, displayed the highest abundance per individual due to its large size and behavior. The identified plastic polymers suggested sources associated with tourism and maritime activities. The estimated human exposure to microplastics through bivalve consumption was minimal. Further research is needed to examine microplastics contamination in the Red Sea and its potential impacts on ecosystems and human well-being.


Assuntos
Mytilidae , Pepinos-do-Mar , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Humanos , Animais , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Ecossistema , Egito , Oceano Índico , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Organismos Aquáticos
10.
BMC Genomics ; 24(1): 562, 2023 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37736706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Selective constraint, the depletion of variation due to negative selection, provides insights into the functional impact of variants and disease mechanisms. However, its characterization in mice, the most commonly used mammalian model, remains limited. This study aims to quantify mouse gene constraint using a new metric called the nonsynonymous observed expected ratio (NOER) and investigate its relationship with gene function. RESULTS: NOER was calculated using whole-genome sequencing data from wild mouse populations (Mus musculus sp and Mus spretus). Positive correlations were observed between mouse gene constraint and the number of associated knockout phenotypes, indicating stronger constraint on pleiotropic genes. Furthermore, mouse gene constraint showed a positive correlation with the number of pathogenic variant sites in their human orthologues, supporting the relevance of mouse models in studying human disease variants. CONCLUSIONS: NOER provides a resource for assessing the fitness consequences of genetic variants in mouse genes and understanding the relationship between gene constraint and function. The study's findings highlight the importance of pleiotropy in selective constraint and support the utility of mouse models in investigating human disease variants. Further research with larger sample sizes can refine constraint estimates in mice and enable more comprehensive comparisons of constraint between mouse and human orthologues.


Assuntos
Músculos , Mytilidae , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Tamanho da Amostra , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Mamíferos
11.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(50): 109041-109062, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37768489

RESUMO

Bisphenol A (BPA), a common plastic additive, has been demonstrated mechanistically to be a potential endocrine disruptor and to affect a variety of body functions in organisms. Although previous research has shown that BPA is toxic to aquatic organisms, the mechanism of neurotoxic effects in marine bivalves remains unknown. The current study aimed to elucidate the neurotoxic effects of BPA when administered at different concentrations (0.25, 1, 2, and 5 µg/L) for twenty-eight days in the ganglia of a bivalve model, the Mediterranean mussel (Lithophaga lithophaga), which is an ecologically and economically important human food source of bivalve species in the Mediterranean Sea. Our findings revealed an increase in behavioural disturbances and malondialdehyde levels in treated mussel ganglia compared to the control group. Furthermore, superoxide dismutase activity increased in the ganglia of L. lithophaga treated with 0.25 and 2 µg/L. However, at BPA concentrations of 1 and 5 µg/L, SOD activity was significantly reduced, as was total glutathione concentration. BPA causes neurotoxicity, as evidenced by concentration-dependent inhibition of acetylcholinesterase, dopamine, and serotonin. After chronic exposure to BPA, neurons showed distortion of the neuronal cell body and varying degrees of pyknosis. The ultrastructure changes in BPA-treated groups revealed the lightening of the nucleoplasm and a shrunken nuclear envelope. Overall, our findings suggest that BPA exposure altered antioxidation, neurochemical biomarkers, histopathological, and ultrastructural properties, resulting in behavioural changes. As a result, our findings provide a basis for further study into the toxicity of BPA in marine bivalves.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase , Mytilidae , Animais , Humanos , Fenóis/toxicidade , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade
12.
Mar Drugs ; 21(8)2023 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37623739

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to prepare an angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory peptide from the hydrothermal vent mussel, Gigantidas vrijenhoeki. The G. vrijenhoeki protein was hydrolyzed by various hydrolytic enzymes. The peptic hydrolysate exhibited the highest ACE-inhibitory activity and was fractionated into four molecular weight ranges by ultrafiltration. The <1 kDa fraction exhibited the highest ACE inhibitory activity and was found to have 11 peptide sequences. Among the analyzed peptides, KLLWNGKM exhibited stronger ACE inhibitory activity and an IC50 value of 0.007 µM. To investigate the ACE-inhibitory activity of the analyzed peptides, a molecular docking study was performed. KLLWNGKM exhibited the highest binding energy (-1317.01 kcal/mol), which was mainly attributed to the formation of hydrogen bonds with the ACE active pockets, zinc-binding motif, and zinc ion. These results indicate that G. vrijenhoeki-derived peptides can serve as nutritional and pharmacological candidates for controlling blood pressure.


Assuntos
Mytilidae , Peptidil Dipeptidase A , Animais , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Zinco
13.
PeerJ ; 11: e15848, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37609442

RESUMO

The present study aimed to evaluate and compare feeding responses of the non-native and native bivalves, the dark false mussel Mytilopsis leucophaeata and the scorched mussel Brachidontes darwinianus, respectively, by offering different concentrations of seston from the coastal lagoon where these species coexist after dark false mussel introduction (Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon, Rio de Janeiro-Brazil). For this purpose, independent laboratory experiments were carried out under five concentrations of seston to test the differences in clearance and ingestion rates of bivalves as a function of increasing concentrations of suspended particulate matter (SPM) on seston. In addition, from the integrated analysis of data obtained in experiments, it can be inferred about the efficiency levels of these species to remove SPM from seston and their effects on water turbidity and nutrient concentrations (total carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus). Our hypothesis was that the non-native bivalve is more efficient to clear and ingest SPM from seston compared to the native one, which may lead to competitive advantages to the successful invasion of M. leucophaeata in coastal lagoons. Native species did not show a significant difference in clearance and ingestion rates with increasing concentrations of seston. Whereas the non-native bivalve showed a slight tendency to increase its clearance and ingestion rates with the increase in seston concentrations, evidencing its plasticity to adjust its feeding responses. The native bivalve was significantly more efficient to clear and ingest SPM at the lower seston concentration (i.e., close to natural concentrations found in the lagoon) compared to the non-native bivalve, which, on the other hand, showed a significant increase in its ingestion rates at the higher concentration tested (140 mg SPM L-1). Thus, the present results did not suggest food competition between the non-native M. leucophaeata and the native B. darwinianus in the introduced system. However, M. leucophaeata increased its feeding response with experimental increment in seston concentration, which suggests species ability to benefit from conditions of increased inputs of organic matter and higher primary production that could mediate its establishment in introduced systems.


Assuntos
Mytilidae , Alimentos Marinhos , Animais , Brasil , Carbono , Cinética , Material Particulado
14.
mSystems ; 8(4): e0028423, 2023 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37493648

RESUMO

The intra-host composition of horizontally transmitted microbial symbionts can vary across host populations due to interactive effects of host genetics, environmental, and geographic factors. While adaptation to local habitat conditions can drive geographic subdivision of symbiont strains, it is unknown how differences in ecological characteristics among host-symbiont associations influence the genomic structure of symbiont populations. To address this question, we sequenced metagenomes of different populations of the deep-sea mussel Bathymodiolus septemdierum, which are common at Western Pacific deep-sea hydrothermal vents and show characteristic patterns of niche partitioning with sympatric gastropod symbioses. Bathymodiolus septemdierum lives in close symbiotic relationship with sulfur-oxidizing chemosynthetic bacteria but supplements its symbiotrophic diet through filter-feeding, enabling it to occupy ecological niches with little exposure to geochemical reductants. Our analyses indicate that symbiont populations associated with B. septemdierum show structuring by geographic location, but that the dominant symbiont strain is uncorrelated with vent site. These patterns are in contrast to co-occurring Alviniconcha and Ifremeria gastropod symbioses that exhibit greater symbiont nutritional dependence and occupy habitats with higher spatial variability in environmental conditions. Our results suggest that relative habitat homogeneity combined with sufficient symbiont dispersal and genomic mixing might promote persistence of similar symbiont strains across geographic locations, while mixotrophy might decrease selective pressures on the host to affiliate with locally adapted symbiont strains. Overall, these data contribute to our understanding of the potential mechanisms influencing symbiont population structure across a spectrum of marine microbial symbioses that occupy contrasting ecological niches. IMPORTANCE Beneficial relationships between animals and microbial organisms (symbionts) are ubiquitous in nature. In the ocean, microbial symbionts are typically acquired from the environment and their composition across geographic locations is often shaped by adaptation to local habitat conditions. However, it is currently unknown how generalizable these patterns are across symbiotic systems that have contrasting ecological characteristics. To address this question, we compared symbiont population structure between deep-sea hydrothermal vent mussels and co-occurring but ecologically distinct snail species. Our analyses show that mussel symbiont populations are less partitioned by geography and do not demonstrate evidence for environmental adaptation. We posit that the mussel's mixotrophic feeding mode may lower its need to affiliate with locally adapted symbiont strains, while microhabitat stability and symbiont genomic mixing likely favors persistence of symbiont strains across geographic locations. Altogether, these findings further our understanding of the mechanisms shaping symbiont population structure in marine environmentally transmitted symbioses.


Assuntos
Gastrópodes , Fontes Hidrotermais , Mytilidae , Animais , Fontes Hidrotermais/microbiologia , Mytilidae/genética , Bactérias/genética , Ecossistema , Geografia , Gastrópodes/microbiologia
15.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 95(2): e20201622, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37341265

RESUMO

The golden mussel (Limnoperna fortunei) is an aggressive invasive species in South America, where it endangers native species and freshwater ecosystems, in addition to causing extensive economic losses, mainly to the hydroelectric sector. Currently, there's no efficient control method available and the invasion has progressed across the continent. Its high reproduction rate is one of the key factors of the golden mussel's high invasive potential and, recently, efforts have been done in order to understand the reproduction and the sexual features of this species. However, its cytogenetics characterization is incipient and the possible occurrence of sex-specific cytogenetic features was never investigated. In this study, we aimed to characterize the chromosomal morphometry, the distribution profile of heterochromatin, and to detect possible sex-related epigenetic marks in the golden mussel. Results revealed that the karyotypic structure is similar in both sexes and no chromosome heteromorphism was observed between males and females specimens. The data increment the cytogenetic characterization of Limnoperna fortunei and contribute for future studies that aim to further investigate its reproduction and underlying sex determination processes.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Mytilidae , Feminino , Masculino , Animais , Mytilidae/genética , Citogenética , Cromossomos Sexuais/genética , Cariotipagem
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 889: 164254, 2023 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37209726

RESUMO

Growing application of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) in global market has led to the concern over their potential environmental impacts. Filter feeders like mussels are prone to nanoparticles due to their superior filter-feeding ability. Temperature and salinity of coastal and estuarine seawaters often vary seasonally and spatially, and their changes may jointly influence physicochemical properties of ZnO-NPs and thus their toxicity. This study, therefore, aimed to investigate the interactive effect of temperatures (15, 25 and 30 °C) and salinities (12 and 32 PSU) on physicochemical properties and sublethal toxicity of ZnO-NPs towards a marine mussel Xenostrobus securis, and to compare that with the toxicity caused by Zn2+ ions (zinc sulphate heptahydrate). The results revealed increased particle agglomeration but decreased zinc ion release of ZnO-NPs at the highest temperature and salinity condition (30 °C and 32 PSU). After exposure, ZnO-NPs significantly reduced survival, byssal attachment rate and filtration rate of the mussels at high temperature and salinity (30 °C and 32 PSU). Glutathione S-transferase and superoxide dismutase activities in the mussels were suppressed at 30 °C. These aligned with the augmented zinc accumulation with increasing temperature and salinity which could likely be attributable to increased particle agglomeration of ZnO-NP and enhanced intrinsic filtration rate of the mussels under these conditions. Together with the observed lower toxic potency of Zn2+ compared to ZnO-NPs, our results suggested that the mussels might accumulate more zinc through particle filtration under higher temperature and salinity, eventually resulting in elevated toxicity of ZnO-NPs. Overall, this study demonstrated the necessity to consider the interactive effect of environmental factors such as temperature and salinity during the toxicity assessment of nanoparticles.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Mytilidae , Nanopartículas , Óxido de Zinco , Animais , Óxido de Zinco/toxicidade , Temperatura , Salinidade , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Zinco , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade
17.
Genes (Basel) ; 14(4)2023 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37107667

RESUMO

The circular mitochondrial genome of Mytilisepta virgata spans 14,713 bp, which contains 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 2 ribosomal RNA genes, and 22 transfer RNA genes. Analysis of the 13 PCGs reveals that the mitochondrial gene arrangement of Mytilisepta is relatively conserved at the genus level. The location of the atp8 gene in Mytilisepta keenae differs from that of other species. However, compared with the putative molluscan ancestral gene order, M. virgata exhibits a high level of rearrangement. We constructed phylogenetic trees based on concatenated 12 PCGs from Mytilidae. As a result, we found that M. virgata is in the same clade as other Mytilisepta spp. The result of estimated divergence times revealed that M. virgata and M. keenae diverged around the early Paleogene period, although the oldest Mytilisepta fossil was from the late or upper Eocene period. Our results provide robust statistical evidence for a sister-group relationship within Mytilida. The findings not only confirm previous results, but also provide valuable insights into the evolutionary history of Mytilidae.


Assuntos
Genoma Mitocondrial , Mytilidae , Animais , Filogenia , Mytilidae/genética , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Evolução Biológica , Rearranjo Gênico
18.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 95(1): e20220212, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37075353

RESUMO

The Natural Reserve of Punta Lara (RNPL) is a protected natural area that includes Paranaense forest southernmost in the world. This area is surrounded by a densely populated and touristic sector. The objective of this work was to estimate the richness, diversity and equity of the RNPL mollusks (aquatic and terrestrial) and to establish the relationship of their species in aquatic environments. One sampling per year was carried out between 2013 and 2019. There were 32 species recorded (six are non-native species): 23 gastropods (14 freshwater, nine terrestrial) and nine bivalves. Three species were recorded in all sampling years, while six only on one occasion. The land snail genus Drepanostomella is reported for the first time in that region, and five freshwater species are reported for the first time for the RNPL. The similarity analysis of the freshwater environment separated the coastal environments from the internal environments. The environments with the highest specific richness were in internal sites of the RNPL, while the least diverse was the coast of the Río de la Plata, where the invasive species Limnoperna fortunei predominates. It is recommended to increase the conservation efforts of the different environments of the RNPL continuously threatened by urbanization.


Assuntos
Gastrópodes , Mytilidae , Animais , Florestas , Água Doce , Espécies Introduzidas , Biodiversidade
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 883: 163707, 2023 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37105489

RESUMO

The Atlantic ribbed mussel (Geukensia demissa) is common in southeastern US salt marshes, where they form dense aggregations (mounds), that occur in the highest densities and sizes on the marsh platform close to the tidal creeks' heads. Within these marshes, mussels help build marsh elevation via their biodeposition of organic and inorganic material, stimulate the growth of the dominant foundation species cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora), and create hotspots of invertebrate biodiversity, nutrient cycling, and drought resilience. Given their powerful role, there is rising interest in assessing natural variation in the distribution of mussel mounds and using such information to guide marsh conservation and restoration strategies. However, gathering such information is challenging, because the small dimension (∼1 m) of the mounds and the presence of overlying vegetation make it difficult to quantify mound distribution on the marsh. Therefore, this study presents a new procedure to compute the distribution, height, radius, volume, and distance of mounds in marsh environments using remote sensing. A high-resolution UAV-Lidar point cloud has been collected over a highly vegetated salt marsh in Georgia, USA, using a custom-built laser scanner system. An original detection algorithm, based on a Random Forest classifier, has been implemented to identify the mounds from the point cloud. The algorithm has been trained and tested on surveyed mounds and provides their location and geometric properties. Results indicate that the classifier can distinguish mussel mounds from non-mussel mound locations with an accuracy of 95 %. The classifier identified ∼8000 mounds, which occupy 10 % of the study domain, and a volume (shells+feces/pseudofeces) of 680 m3. The method is highly useful in efforts to monitor mussel mounds over time and scale up to assess mounds across sites, providing invaluable data for future studies related to the geomorphic evolution of marshes to sea level rise and siting marsh conservation and enhancement projects.


Assuntos
Mytilidae , Áreas Alagadas , Animais , Biodiversidade , Invertebrados , Fatores de Tempo , Ecossistema
20.
Mar Environ Res ; 187: 105948, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36931046

RESUMO

The South American mussel, Mytella strigata, is a highly invasive fouling species of great concern along intertidal shores in East and Southeast Asia, posing serious threats to native biodiversity and ecosystems. Intertidal areas, being increasingly attacked by heatwaves over the last decade, are among the most thermally challenging habitats, yet the fate of this highly invasive mussel under scenarios of hotter heatwaves remains unknown. Here, we investigated how M. strigata responded to intensifying heatwaves frequently occurring in the South China Sea. Over 97% of individuals survived the five-day-lasting heatwaves, suggesting their high ability to cope with short-term heatwaves. Virtually unaffected clearance rate and absorption efficiency throughout the course of heatwaves indicate the maintenance of energy acquisition, and significantly decreased respiration rate implies the depression of energy metabolism, generating significant decreases in the O:N ratio when heatwaves occurred. Scope for growth of heatwaves-stressed mussels significantly decreased during initial exposure and then increased over time. These findings indicate the remarkable ability of M. strigata to cope with heatwaves recorded in its invasive habitats and call the attention for the rapid spread of this highly invasive fouling species in the context of climate change.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Espécies Introduzidas , Mytilidae , Animais , Humanos , Mudança Climática , Metabolismo Energético , Temperatura Alta , Adaptação Fisiológica
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