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1.
Life Sci ; 346: 122640, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614302

RESUMO

Neural tissue engineering is a sub-field of tissue engineering that develops neural tissue. Damaged central and peripheral nervous tissue can be fabricated with a suitable scaffold printed with biomaterials. These scaffolds promote cell growth, development, and migration, yet they vary according to the biomaterial and scaffold printing technique, which determine the physical and biochemical properties. The physical and biochemical properties of scaffolds stimulate diverse signalling pathways, such as Wnt, NOTCH, Hedgehog, and ion channels- mediated pathways to promote neuron migration, elongation and migration. However, neurotransmitters like dopamine, acetylcholine, gamma amino butyric acid, and other signalling molecules are critical in neural tissue engineering to tissue fabrication. Thus, this review focuses on neural tissue regeneration with a tissue engineering approach highlighting the signalling pathways. Further, it explores the interaction of the scaffolds with the signalling pathways for generating neural tissue.


Assuntos
Transdução de Sinais , Engenharia Tecidual , Alicerces Teciduais , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Humanos , Animais , Alicerces Teciduais/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Regeneração Nervosa/fisiologia , Neurônios/metabolismo
2.
Biomater Adv ; 159: 213803, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447384

RESUMO

Autologous nerve grafts have been considered the gold standard for peripheral nerve grafts. However, due to drawbacks such as functional loss in the donor area and a shortage of donor sources, nerve conduits are increasingly being considered as an alternative approach. Polymer materials have been widely studied as nerve repair materials due to their excellent processing performance. However, their limited biocompatibility has restricted further clinical applications. The epineurium is a natural extra-neural wrapping structure. After undergoing decellularization, the epineurium not only reduces immune rejection but also retains certain bioactive components. In this study, decellularized epineurium (DEP) derived from the sciatic nerve of mammals was prepared, and a bilayer nerve conduit was created by electrospinning a poly (l-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL) membrane layer onto the outer surface of the DEP. Components of the DEP were examined; the physical properties and biosafety of the bilayer nerve conduit were evaluated; and the functionality of the nerve conduit was evaluated in rats. The results demonstrate that the developed bilayer nerve conduit exhibits excellent biocompatibility and mechanical properties. Furthermore, this bilayer nerve conduit shows significantly superior therapeutic effects for sciatic nerve defects in rats compared to the pure PLCL nerve conduit. In conclusion, this research provides a novel strategy for the design of nerve regeneration materials and holds promising potential for further clinical translation.


Assuntos
Tecido Nervoso , Nervo Isquiático , Ratos , Animais , Nervo Isquiático/cirurgia , Nervo Isquiático/fisiologia , Próteses e Implantes , Polímeros/farmacologia , Mamíferos
3.
J Morphol ; 285(4): e21686, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491849

RESUMO

Brachiopods have the most complex lophophore in comparison with other lophophorates, i.e., phoronids and bryozoans. However, at early ontogenetic stages, brachiopods have a lophophore of simple morphology, which consists of the oral tentacles. Data on the ultrastructure of the oral tentacles is mostly missing. Nonetheless, it has recently been suggested that the structure of oral tentacles is ancestral for all lophophorates in general, and for brachiopods in particular. The fine structure of the oral tentacles in the brachiopod Hemithiris psittacea is studied using light microscopy, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, cytochemistry and confocal laser scanning microscopy. The oral tentacles have a round shape in transverse section, and four ciliary zones, i.e., one frontal, two lateral, and one abfrontal. Latero-frontal sensory cells occur among the frontal epithelium. Four basiepithelial nerves in the ciliary epithelium are colocalized with ciliary zones. Lophophores of simple morphology in phoronids and brachiopods are characterized by non-specified round forms of tentacles. In phoronids and bryozoans, tentacles have additional latero-frontal ciliary zones that function as a sieve during filtration. In most brachiopods, lateral cilia are involved in the capture of food particles, whereas latero-frontal cells are retained in the frontal zone as sensory elements. The oral tentacles of H. psittacea contain a coelomic canal and have distinct frontal and abfrontal longitudinal muscles, which are separated from each other by peritoneal cells. A similar structure of tentacle muscles occurs in all bryozoans, whereas in phoronids, the frontal and abfrontal tentacle muscles are not separated by peritoneal cells. We suggest that the lophophorates' ancestor had tentacles, which were similar to the tentacles of some phoronids with lophophore of simple morphology. We also assume that the structure of the oral tentacles is ancestral for all brachiopods and the specialization of brachiopod tentacles correlates with the appearance of the double row of tentacles.


Assuntos
Briozoários , Tecido Nervoso , Animais , Invertebrados/anatomia & histologia , Briozoários/anatomia & histologia , Músculos , Epitélio
4.
J Neural Eng ; 21(2)2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518369

RESUMO

Objective. Primarily due to safety concerns, biphasic pulsatile stimulation (PS) is the present standard for electrical excitation of neural tissue with a diverse set of applications. While pulses have been shown to be effective to achieve functional outcomes, they have well-known deficits. Due to recent technical advances, galvanic stimulation (GS), delivery of current for extended periods of time (>1 s), has re-emerged as an alternative to PS.Approach. In this paper, we use a winner-take-all decision-making cortical network model to investigate differences between pulsatile and GS in the context of a perceptual decision-making task.Main results. Based on previous work, we hypothesized that GS would produce more spatiotemporally distributed, network-sensitive neural responses, while PS would produce highly synchronized activation of a limited group of neurons. Our results in-silico support these hypotheses for low-amplitude GS but deviate when galvanic amplitudes are large enough to directly activate or block nearby neurons.Significance. We conclude that with careful parametrization, GS could overcome some limitations of PS to deliver more naturalistic firing patterns in the group of targeted neurons.


Assuntos
Tecido Nervoso , Neurônios , Neurônios/fisiologia , Estimulação Elétrica
5.
Biomater Sci ; 12(7): 1847-1863, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38411258

RESUMO

Axon regeneration and Schwann cell proliferation are critical processes in the repair and functional recovery of damaged neural tissues. Biomaterials can play a crucial role in facilitating cell proliferative processes that can significantly impact the target tissue repair. Chemical decellularization and supercritical fluid-based decellularization methods are similar approaches that eliminate DNA from native tissues for tissue-mimetic biomaterial production by using different solvents and procedures to achieve the final products. In this study, we conducted a comparative analysis of these two methods in the context of nerve regeneration and neuron cell differentiation efficiency. We evaluated the efficacy of each method in terms of biomaterial quality, preservation of extracellular matrix components, promotion of neuronal cell differentiation and nerve tissue repair ability in vivo. Our results indicate that while both methods produce high-quality biomaterials, supercritical fluid-based methods have several advantages over conventional chemical decellularization, including better preservation of extracellular matrix components and mechanical properties and superior promotion of cellular responses. We conclude that supercritical fluid-based methods show great promise for biomaterial production for nerve regeneration and neuron cell differentiation applications.


Assuntos
Regeneração Nervosa , Tecido Nervoso , Matriz Extracelular/química , Axônios , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Alicerces Teciduais/química
6.
Cell Stem Cell ; 31(2): 151-152, 2024 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306989

RESUMO

3D printing human tissue models derived from stem cells provides an increasingly popular tissue engineering strategy for probing biological questions. Here Yan et al.1 demonstrate how this technology can be used to model mature human neural tissues with functional neural networks in healthy and disease states.


Assuntos
Bioimpressão , Tecido Nervoso , Humanos , Engenharia Tecidual , Células-Tronco , Impressão Tridimensional
7.
Cell Stem Cell ; 31(2): 260-274.e7, 2024 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306994

RESUMO

Probing how human neural networks operate is hindered by the lack of reliable human neural tissues amenable to the dynamic functional assessment of neural circuits. We developed a 3D bioprinting platform to assemble tissues with defined human neural cell types in a desired dimension using a commercial bioprinter. The printed neuronal progenitors differentiate into neurons and form functional neural circuits within and between tissue layers with specificity within weeks, evidenced by the cortical-to-striatal projection, spontaneous synaptic currents, and synaptic response to neuronal excitation. Printed astrocyte progenitors develop into mature astrocytes with elaborated processes and form functional neuron-astrocyte networks, indicated by calcium flux and glutamate uptake in response to neuronal excitation under physiological and pathological conditions. These designed human neural tissues will likely be useful for understanding the wiring of human neural networks, modeling pathological processes, and serving as platforms for drug testing.


Assuntos
Bioimpressão , Tecido Nervoso , Humanos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Engenharia Tecidual
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3439, 2024 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341453

RESUMO

This paper presents an AI-powered solution for detecting and monitoring Autonomic Dysreflexia (AD) in individuals with spinal cord injuries. Current AD detection methods are limited, lacking non-invasive monitoring systems. We propose a model that combines skin nerve activity (SKNA) signals with a deep neural network (DNN) architecture to overcome this limitation. The DNN is trained on a meticulously curated dataset obtained through controlled colorectal distension, inducing AD events in rats with spinal cord surgery above the T6 level. The proposed system achieves an impressive average classification accuracy of 93.9% ± 2.5%, ensuring accurate AD identification with high precision (95.2% ± 2.1%). It demonstrates a balanced performance with an average F1 score of 94.4% ± 1.8%, indicating a harmonious balance between precision and recall. Additionally, the system exhibits a low average false-negative rate of 4.8% ± 1.6%, minimizing the misclassification of non-AD cases. The robustness and generalizability of the system are validated on unseen data, maintaining high accuracy, F1 score, and a low false-negative rate. This AI-powered solution represents a significant advancement in non-invasive, real-time AD monitoring, with the potential to improve patient outcomes and enhance AD management in individuals with spinal cord injuries. This research contributes a promising solution to the critical healthcare challenge of AD detection and monitoring.


Assuntos
Disreflexia Autonômica , Tecido Nervoso , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Disreflexia Autonômica/diagnóstico , Disreflexia Autonômica/terapia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia , Inteligência Artificial , Medula Espinal , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia
9.
Cells ; 13(3)2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334648

RESUMO

The neurobiology of tumors has attracted considerable interest from clinicians and scientists and has become a multidisciplinary area of research. Neural components not only interact with tumor cells but also influence other elements within the TME, such as immune cells and vascular components, forming a polygonal relationship to synergistically facilitate tumor growth and progression. This review comprehensively summarizes the current state of the knowledge on nerve-tumor crosstalk in head and neck cancer and discusses the potential underlying mechanisms. Several mechanisms facilitating nerve-tumor crosstalk are covered, such as perineural invasion, axonogenesis, neurogenesis, neural reprogramming, and transdifferentiation, and the reciprocal interactions between the nervous and immune systems in the TME are also discussed in this review. Further understanding of the nerve-tumor crosstalk in the TME of head and neck cancer may provide new nerve-targeted treatment options and help improve clinical outcomes for patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Tecido Nervoso , Humanos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Transdiferenciação Celular
10.
J Neurosci Methods ; 403: 110054, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38181868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the past 25 years, acquired equine polyneuropathy (AEP) has emerged as a neurological disease in Scandinavian horses. This condition is characterized by histopathological features including the presence of Schwann cell (SC) inclusions. Cultivated equine SCs would serve as a valuable resource for investigations of factors triggering this Schwannopathy. Ideally, cells should be sampled for cultivation from fresh nerves immediately after death of the animal, however the availability of fresh material is limited, due to the inconsistent case load and the inherent technical and practical challenges to collection of samples in the field. This study aimed to cultivate SCs from adult equine peripheral nerves and assess their ability to survive in sampled nerve material over time to simulate harvesting of SCs in field situations. NEW METHODS: Peripheral nerves from five non-neurological horses were used. After euthanasia, both fresh and non-fresh nerve samples were harvested from each horse. Flow cytometry was employed to confirm the cellular identity and to determine the SC purity. RESULTS: The results revealed successful establishment of SC cultures from adult equine peripheral nerves, with the potential to achieve high SC purity from both fresh and non-fresh nerve samples. COMPARISON WITH EXISTING METHOD: While most SC isolation methods focus on harvest of cells from fresh nerve materials from laboratory animals, our approach highlights the possibility of utilizing SC cultures from field-harvested and transported nerve samples from horses. CONCLUSIONS: We describe a method for isolating SCs with high purity from both fresh and non-fresh peripheral nerves of adult horses.


Assuntos
Tecido Nervoso , Nervos Periféricos , Cavalos , Animais , Células de Schwann , Células Cultivadas
11.
Biomolecules ; 14(1)2024 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254669

RESUMO

Aging is a complex multifactorial process that results in tissue function impairment across the whole organism. One of the common consequences of this process is the loss of muscle mass and the associated decline in muscle function, known as sarcopenia. Aging also presents with an increased risk of developing other pathological conditions such as neurodegeneration. Muscular and neuronal degeneration cause mobility issues and cognitive impairment, hence having a major impact on the quality of life of the older population. The development of novel therapies that can ameliorate the effects of aging is currently hindered by our limited knowledge of the underlying mechanisms and the use of models that fail to recapitulate the structure and composition of the cell microenvironment. The emergence of bioengineering techniques based on the use of biomimetic materials and biofabrication methods has opened the possibility of generating 3D models of muscular and nervous tissues that better mimic the native extracellular matrix. These platforms are particularly advantageous for drug testing and mechanistic studies. In this review, we discuss the developments made in the creation of 3D models of aging-related neuronal and muscular degeneration and we provide a perspective on the future directions for the field.


Assuntos
Tecido Nervoso , Sarcopenia , Humanos , Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Sarcopenia/terapia
12.
Lasers Surg Med ; 56(3): 305-314, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38291819

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Photobiomodulation at higher irradiances has great potential as a pain-alleviating method that selectively inhibits small diameter nerve fibers and corresponding sensory experiences, such as nociception and heat sensation. The longevity and magnitude of these effects as a function of laser irradiation parameters at the nerve was explored. METHODS: In a rodent chronic pain model (spared nerve injury-SNI), light was applied directly at the sural nerve with four delivery schemes: two irradiance levels (7.64 and 2.55 W/cm2 ) for two durations each, corresponding to either 4.8 or 14.4 J total energy, and the effect on sensory hypersensitivities was evaluated. RESULTS: At emitter irradiances of 7.64 W/cm2 (for 240 s), 2.55 W/cm2 (for 720 s), and 7.64 W/cm2 (for 80 s) the heat hypersensitivity was relieved the day following photobiomodulation (PBM) treatment by 37 ± 8.1% (statistically significant, p < 0.001), 26% ± 6% (p = 0.072), and 28 ± 6.1% (statistically significant, p = 0.032), respectively, and all three treatments reduced the hypersensitivity over the course of the experiment (13 days) at a statistically significant level (mixed-design analysis of variance, p < 0.05). The increases in tissue temperature (5.3 ± 1.0 and 1.3 ± 0.4°C from 33.3°C for the higher and lower power densities, respectively) at the neural target were well below those typically associated with permanent action potential disruption. CONCLUSIONS: The data from this study support the use of direct PBM on nerves of interest to reduce sensitivities associated with small-diameter fiber activity.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Tecido Nervoso , Humanos , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 1344, 2024 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38228723

RESUMO

Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a neuropeptide composed of 37 amino acids secreted from the sensory nerve endings, reportedly possesses various physiological effects, such as vasodilation and neurotransmission. Recently, there have been increasing reports of the involvement of CGRP in bone metabolism; however, its specific role in the pathogenesis of periodontitis, particularly in the repair and healing processes, remains to be elucidated. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate dynamic expression patterns of CGRP during the destruction and regeneration processes of periodontal tissues in a mouse model of experimental periodontitis. We also explored the effects of CGRP on periodontal ligament cells, which can differentiate to hard tissue-forming cells (cementoblasts or osteoblasts). Our findings demonstrated that CGRP stimulation promotes the differentiation of periodontal ligament cells into hard tissue-forming cells. Experimental results using a ligature-induced periodontitis mouse model also suggested fluctuations in CGRP expression during periodontal tissue healing, underscoring the vital role of CGRP signaling in alveolar bone recovery. The study results highlight the important role of nerves in the periodontal ligament not only in sensory reception in the periphery, as previously known, but also in periodontal tissue homeostasis and tissue repair processes.


Assuntos
Tecido Nervoso , Periodontite , Camundongos , Animais , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/genética , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/metabolismo , Periodonto/metabolismo , Ligamento Periodontal/metabolismo , Periodontite/genética , Periodontite/metabolismo , Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo
14.
Cells ; 13(2)2024 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38247822

RESUMO

A developing nervous system is particularly vulnerable to the influence of pathophysiological clues and injuries in the perinatal period. Astrocytes are among the first cells that react to insults against the nervous tissue, the presence of pathogens, misbalance of local tissue homeostasis, and a lack of oxygen and trophic support. Under this background, it remains uncertain if induced astrocyte activation, recognized as astrogliosis, is a friend or foe for progressing neonatal neurodevelopment. Likewise, the state of astrocyte reactivity is considered one of the key factors discriminating between either the initiation of endogenous reparative mechanisms compensating for aberrations in the structures and functions of nervous tissue or the triggering of neurodegeneration. The responses of activated cells are modulated by neighboring neural cells, which exhibit broad immunomodulatory and pro-regenerative properties by secreting a plethora of active compounds (including interleukins and chemokines, neurotrophins, reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide synthase and complement components), which are engaged in cell crosstalk in a paracrine manner. As the developing nervous system is extremely sensitive to the influence of signaling molecules, even subtle changes in the composition or concentration of the cellular secretome can have significant effects on the developing neonatal brain. Thus, modulating the activity of other types of cells and their interactions with overreactive astrocytes might be a promising strategy for controlling neonatal astrogliosis.


Assuntos
Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Tecido Nervoso , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Gliose , Inflamação , Regeneração Nervosa
15.
Adv Mater ; 36(16): e2304724, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37653576

RESUMO

Fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) is poised to revolutionize surgical medicine through near-infrared (NIR) fluorophores for tissue- and disease-specific contrast. Clinical open and laparoscopic FGS vision systems operate nearly exclusively at NIR wavelengths. However, tissue-specific NIR contrast agents compatible with clinically available imaging systems are lacking, leaving nerve tissue identification during prostatectomy a persistent challenge. Here, it is shown that combining drug-like molecular design concepts and fluorophore chemistry enabled the production of a library of NIR phenoxazine-based fluorophores for intraoperative nerve-specific imaging. The lead candidate readily delineated prostatic nerves in the canine and iliac plexus in the swine using the clinical da Vinci Surgical System that has been popularized for minimally invasive prostatectomy procedures. These results demonstrate the feasibility of molecular engineering of NIR nerve-binding fluorophores for ready integration into the existing surgical workflow, paving the path for clinical translation to reduce morbidity from nerve injury for prostate cancer patients.


Assuntos
Tecido Nervoso , Oxazinas , Neoplasias da Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Animais , Cães , Suínos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Prostatectomia/métodos
16.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 13(8): e2302968, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38079208

RESUMO

Peripheral nerve reconstruction through the employment of nerve guidance conduits with Trichonephila dragline silk as a luminal filling has emerged as an outstanding preclinical alternative to avoid nerve autografts. Yet, it remains unknown whether the outcome is similar for silk fibers harvested from other spider species. This study compares the regenerative potential of dragline silk from two orb-weaving spiders, Trichonephila inaurata and Nuctenea umbratica, as well as the silk of the jumping spider Phidippus regius. Proliferation, migration, and transcriptomic state of Schwann cells seeded on these silks are investigated. In addition, fiber morphology, primary protein structure, and mechanical properties are studied. The results demonstrate that the increased velocity of Schwann cells on Phidippus regius fibers can be primarily attributed to the interplay between the silk's primary protein structure and its mechanical properties. Furthermore, the capacity of silk fibers to trigger cells toward a gene expression profile of a myelinating Schwann cell phenotype is shown. The findings for the first time allow an in-depth comparison of the specific cellular response to various native spider silks and a correlation with the fibers' material properties. This knowledge is essential to open up possibilities for targeted manufacturing of synthetic nervous tissue replacement.


Assuntos
Tecido Nervoso , Aranhas , Animais , Regeneração Nervosa/fisiologia , Células de Schwann , Seda/química
17.
Brain Behav Immun ; 116: 203-215, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38070625

RESUMO

Pain is the most debilitating symptom of knee osteoarthritis (OA) that can even persist after total knee replacement. The severity and duration of pain do not correlate well with joint tissue alterations, suggesting other mechanisms may drive pain persistence in OA. Previous work identified that macrophages accumulate in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) containing the somas of sensory neurons innervating the injured knee joint in a mouse OA model and acquire a M1-like phenotype to maintain pain. Here we aimed to unravel the mechanisms that govern DRG macrophage accumulation and programming. The accumulation of F4/80+iNOS+ (M1-like) DRG macrophages was detectable at day 3 after mono-iodoacetate (MIA)-induced OA in the mouse. Depletion of macrophages prior to induction of OA resolved pain-like behaviors by day 7 without affecting the initial development of pain-like behaviors. Analysis of DRG transcript identified CXCL11 and myostatin. CXCL11 and myostatin were increased at 3 weeks post OA induction, with CXCL11 expression partially localized in satellite glial cells and myostatin in sensory neurons. Blocking CXCL11 or myostatin prevented the persistence of OA pain, without affecting the initiation of pain. CXCL11 neutralization reduced the number of total and F4/80+iNOS+ DRG macrophages, whilst myostatin inhibition diminished the programming of F4/80+iNOS+ DRG macrophages. Intrathecal injection of recombinant CXCL11 did not induce pain-associated behaviors. In contrast, intrathecal myostatin increased the number of F4/80+iNOS+ DRG macrophages concurrent with the development of mechanical hypersensitivity that was prevented by macrophages depletion or CXCL11 blockade. Finally, myostatin inhibition during established OA, resolved pain and F4/80+iNOS+ macrophage accumulation in the DRG. In conclusion, DRG macrophages maintain OA pain, but are not required for the induction of OA pain. Myostatin is a key ligand in neuro-immune communication that drives the persistence of pain in OA through nervous tissue macrophages and represent a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of OA pain.


Assuntos
Tecido Nervoso , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Ratos , Camundongos , Animais , Miostatina/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Dor/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Gânglios Espinais/metabolismo
18.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 13(3): e2302128, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37922434

RESUMO

Peripheral nerve injuries (PNI) can lead to mitochondrial dysfunction and energy depletion within the affected microenvironment. The objective is to investigate the potential of transplanting mitochondria to reshape the neural regeneration microenvironment. High-purity functional mitochondria with an intact structure are extracted from human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) using the Dounce homogenization combined with ultracentrifugation. Results show that when hUCMSC-derived mitochondria (hUCMSC-Mitos) are cocultured with Schwann cells (SCs), they promote the proliferation, migration, and respiratory capacity of SCs. Acellular nerve allografts (ANAs) have shown promise in nerve regeneration, however, their therapeutic effect is not satisfactory enough. The incorporation of hUCMSC-Mitos within ANAs has the potential to remodel the regenerative microenvironment. This approach demonstrates satisfactory outcomes in terms of tissue regeneration and functional recovery. Particularly, the use of metabolomics and bioenergetic profiling is used for the first time to analyze the energy metabolism microenvironment after PNI. This remodeling occurs through the enhancement of the tricarboxylic acid cycle and the regulation of associated metabolites, resulting in increased energy synthesis. Overall, the hUCMSC-Mito-loaded ANAs exhibit high functionality to promote nerve regeneration, providing a novel regenerative strategy based on improving energy metabolism for neural repair.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Tecido Nervoso , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos , Humanos , Nervo Isquiático , Células de Schwann , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/terapia , Matriz Extracelular , Regeneração Nervosa/fisiologia
19.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 13(1): e2301494, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37843074

RESUMO

The loss or failure of an organ/tissue stands as one of the healthcare system's most prevalent, devastating, and costly challenges. Strategies for neural tissue repair and regeneration have received significant attention due to their particularly strong impact on patients' well-being. Many research efforts are dedicated not only to control the disease symptoms but also to find solutions to repair the damaged tissues. Neural tissue engineering (TE) plays a key role in addressing this problem and significant efforts are being carried out to develop strategies for neural repair treatment. In the last years, active materials allowing to tune cell-materials interaction are being increasingly used, representing a recent paradigm in TE applications. Among the most important stimuli influencing cell behavior are the electrical and mechanical ones. In this way, materials with the ability to provide this kind of stimuli to the neural cells seem to be appropriate to support neural TE. In this scope, this review summarizes the different biomaterials types used for neural TE, highlighting the relevance of using active biomaterials and electrical stimulation. Furthermore, this review provides not only a compilation of the most relevant studies and results but also strategies for novel and more biomimetic approaches for neural TE.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Tecido Nervoso , Humanos , Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Neurônios , Regeneração Nervosa
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