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1.
Curr Med Res Opin ; 40(2): 239-251, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38099469

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This Phase IV placebo-controlled clinical trial was designed to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of the product Neurodoron (Kalium phosporicum comp., KPC) in patients with neurasthenia. METHODS: This monocenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial (registration number: DRKS00003261) was conducted in an outpatient German trial site. Women and men aged 18 and above were randomized to receive either KPC or placebo if they reported typical symptoms of neurasthenia and a severe psychiatric disorder could be excluded. The primary objectives were a reduction in characteristic symptoms of nervous exhaustion and perceived stress as well as improvement in general health status after 6 weeks of treatment. RESULTS: In total, 204 patients underwent screening, 78 were randomized in each treatment group, and 77 patients each received treatment (intention-to-treat (ITT) population = 154 patients). For none of the primary efficacy variables, an advantage in favor of KPC could be demonstrated in the pre-specified analysis (p-values between 0.505-0.773, Student's t-test). In a post-hoc analysis of intra-individual differences after 6 weeks treatment, a significant advantage of KPC vs. placebo was shown for characteristic symptoms of nervous exhaustion (irritability (p = 0.020); nervousness (p = 0.045), Student's t-test). Adverse event (AE) rates were similar between treatment groups, in both groups six AEs were assessed as causally related to treatment (severity mild or moderate). No AE resulted in discontinuation of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Trial treatment was well tolerated with only a few and minor AEs reported, confirming the markedly good safety of KPC. A significant improvement of neurasthenia was seen for the total study population at the end of the treatment period. Superiority of KPC vs. placebo could not be demonstrated with the pre-specified analysis with regards to a sum score of 12 typical symptoms, perceived stress, or general health status. However, the explorative post-hoc analysis revealed that KPC is superior to placebo in the characteristic symptoms irritability and nervousness. KPC could therefore be a beneficial treatment option for symptomatic relief of neurasthenia.


Assuntos
Neurastenia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Método Duplo-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Pak J Biol Sci ; 26(10): 504-509, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38110555

RESUMO

<b>Background and Objective:</b> This plant is known in many parts of the world and is used as medicine in some countries. In Vietnam, people know how to use <i>Passiflora foetida </i>L.,<i> </i>as an herb. There are many research works in the world, most of them focus on medicinal properties. The objective of this study was to determine the genetic diversity of samples of <i>Passiflora foetida </i>L., yellow fruit based on agronomic traits and the gene region of "<i>rbcL</i>". <b>Materials and Methods:</b> Seed samples were arranged in a completely randomized design with three replications. The trial was a sample of <i>Passiflora foetida </i>L., species. The distance between sample plant is 3×2 m, so the total number of trees is 1,330 trees ha<sup>1</sup>. The genetic relationship between them was determined through the construction of a phylogenetic tree in the "<i>rbcL</i>" gene region sequence. Data analysis and processing methods done by using X software. <b>Results:</b> The PCR results that amplify the "<i>rbcL</i>" gene region around 670 bp, the PCR products were then sequenced. The sequence results were compared with the sequences on the NCBI gene bank, showing that the sequences of the nine varieties/species all coincided with the <i>Passiflora foetida </i>Sims species sequences with a high similarity coefficient from 98.77 to 99.9%. Genetically shows that all nine species samples belong to <i>Passiflora foetida</i> which can be classified into three genetic samples of An Giang (LA1), Ca Mau (LA2) and Can Tho (LA3) which are genetically close to each other, have the same index. <b>Conclusion:</b> The heritability in the broad sense is high in the two traits of stem height and leaf length, so it can be considered that these two traits are controlled by genes. The cultivation of algae seeds to improve the productivity of these medicinal plant varieties is important in providing raw materials for the oriental medicine industry.


Assuntos
Passiflora , Humanos , Passiflora/genética , Neurastenia , Filogenia , Agricultura , Preparações Farmacêuticas
3.
J Affect Disord ; 333: 271-277, 2023 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37100177

RESUMO

AIMS: Mental disorders characterized by preoccupation with distressing bodily symptoms and associated functional impairment have been a target of major reconceptualization in the ICD-11, in which a single category of Bodily Distress Disorder (BDD) with different levels of severity replaces most of the Somatoform Disorders in ICD-10. This study compared the accuracy of clinicians' diagnosis of disorders of somatic symptoms using either the ICD-11 or ICD-10 diagnostic guidelines in an online study. METHODS: Clinically active members of the World Health Organization's Global Clinical Practice Network (N = 1065) participating in English, Spanish, or Japanese were randomly assigned to apply ICD-11 or ICD-10 diagnostic guidelines to one of nine pairs of standardized case vignettes. The accuracy of the clinicians' diagnoses as well as their ratings of the guidelines' clinical utility were assessed. RESULTS: Overall, clinicians were more accurate using ICD-11 compared to ICD-10 for every presentation of a vignette characterized primarily by bodily symptoms associated with distress and impairment. Clinicians who made a diagnosis of BDD using ICD-11 were generally correct in applying the severity specifiers for the condition. LIMITATIONS: This sample may represent some self-selection bias and thus may not generalize to all clinicians. Additionally, diagnostic decisions with live patients may lead to different results. CONCLUSIONS: The ICD-11 diagnostic guidelines for BDD represent an improvement over those for Somatoform Disorders in ICD-10 in regard to clinicians' diagnostic accuracy and perceived clinical utility.


Assuntos
Classificação Internacional de Doenças , Sintomas Inexplicáveis , Humanos , Neurastenia , Transtornos Somatoformes/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles
4.
Hist Psychiatry ; 33(3): 350-363, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35979864

RESUMO

This article analyses the origins and formation of medical and social discourses on neurosis in colonial Korea. With the introduction of Western medicine after the Opening of Korea in 1876, neurasthenia and hysteria began to be understood as neurotic diseases, and their importance was further highlighted during the colonial period of 1910-45. The article also addresses the role of neuropsychiatry in forming discourses on neurosis. In medical communities during the colonial period, the main source of these discourses gradually shifted from internal medicine to neuropsychiatry. In particular, Korean neuropsychiatrists distinguished between neurosis and psychosis as a way to reinforce their authority. Neuropsychiatrists tried to explain the temperamental and environmental factors of neurosis from a psychoanalytic standpoint.


Assuntos
Transtornos Neuróticos , Transtornos Psicóticos , Humanos , Histeria , Neurastenia/diagnóstico , Neuropsiquiatria , Transtornos Neuróticos/diagnóstico , Psicanálise , Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico , República da Coreia
5.
Hist Psychiatry ; 33(3): 263-278, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35466754

RESUMO

The present study investigates the role of Taiwanese psychiatrists in turning neurasthenia into a culture-specific disease in the late twentieth century. It first delineates the shift in both explanatory models of psychoneuroses and patient population in post-World War II Taiwan. Neurasthenia became a focus of international attention in the 1970s and 1980s with the advance of cultural psychiatry, and, as China was closed to the outside world, Taiwanese psychiatrists were influential in framing the cultural meaning of neurasthenia. With the rise of post-socialist China, Taiwan lost its status as a key laboratory of Chinese studies. This paper argues that the history of neurasthenia during the period was closely associated with the professional development and national identity of Taiwanese psychiatrists.


Assuntos
Neurastenia , Psiquiatria , China , História do Século XX , Humanos , Neurastenia/história , Neurastenia/terapia , Psiquiatria/história , Taiwan
6.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 210(9): 697-701, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35350038

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: In the 18th and 19th centuries, in Europe and the United States, masturbation was seen not only as a deviant form of sexual activity but also as a cause of nervous diseases. Masturbation was originally thought to cause insanity, but with the introduction of George Miller Beard's concept of neurasthenia, it came to be considered a form of nervous exhaustion. In the current article, we analyzed the almost forgotten medical report of a "sexual neurasthenic," written by the famous Russian writer and physician Anton Chekhov (1860-1904). This report gives us detailed information about the treatment of a patient allegedly experiencing the effects of masturbation, and thus reflects the medical discourse on masturbation in Russia in the early 1880s. It shows that although the international debate on the causes of neurasthenia had just begun, the concept of neurasthenia toward masturbation had already been put into practice at the Moscow University Clinic in 1883.


Assuntos
Neurastenia , Médicos , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Masturbação , Neurastenia/etiologia , Neurastenia/história , Médicos/história , Comportamento Sexual , Estados Unidos , Redação/história
7.
Hist Psychiatry ; 33(1): 79-86, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715748

RESUMO

The contributions of Australians on shell shock are absent from the literature. However, two Australians were pioneers in the treatment of shell shock: George Elton Mayo (1880-1949) and Dr Thomas Henry Reeve Mathewson (1881-1975). They used psychoanalytic approaches to treat psychiatric patients and introduced the psychoanalytic treatment of people who suffered from shell shock. Their 'talking cure' was highly successful and challenged the view that shell shock only occurred in men who were malingering and/or lacking in fortitude. Their work demonstrated that people experiencing mental illness could be treated in the community at a time when they were routinely treated as inpatients. It also exemplified the substantial benefits of combining science with clinical knowledge and skill in psychology and psychiatry.


Assuntos
Distúrbios de Guerra , Psiquiatria , Austrália , Distúrbios de Guerra/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Neurastenia/terapia
8.
Uisahak ; 30(2): 393-432, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663776

RESUMO

White upper middle-class Americans at the turn of the twentieth century were entrenched in a battle with a newly discovered, or invented, mental illness called neurasthenia. This essay examines the ways in which the medical discourse of neurasthenia reflected late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century white Anglo-Saxon men's belief in, as well as anxiety over, American values bolstered by their idea of cultural, racial, and sexual superiority and consolidated through a conjunction of medicine and politics. The idea of neurasthenia as white American men's malady functioned as a mark both of whites' racial superiority to the "new" immigrants and African Americans as well as of women's intellectual inferiority to the opposite sex of their own race. Imposing a subtle distortion on the etiology and diagnosis of neurasthenia and associating it with specific groups of people, the "American disease" constituted the era's representative pathological symptoms which addressed Anglo-Saxon American men's anxieties about overcivilized effeminacy and racial and national decadence which was originated as a response to the racial and sexual heterogeneity. This essay also argues that neurasthenia was an imagined disease which addressed late nineteenth-century American men's spatial anxiety about the decline of the American pastoral ideal caused by the closure of the frontier. Given that the treatment for neurasthenic men was an escape to the frontier in the West in which they could rejuvenate withered American masculinity, their uneasiness about barbarous, unhygienic, and prolific immigrants and unruly white women, in fact, was tied to their spatial anxiety which symptomatically signifies the crisis of American masculinity. Channeled through the medical knowledge of neurology, it made American men's racial, sexual, and spatial anxieties function to act out their racist, misogynist, nativist, and imperialist impulses which legitimized exclusionary political techniques toward the racial and sexual others such as the U.S. imperial expansion in the 1890s and 1900s and a eugenic-influenced immigration policy from the 1900s through the1920s. In this sense, the decline of neurasthenia around 1920 should not be attributed solely to the continued efforts to professionalize American medicine accompanied by recent discoveries of chemical factors such as hormones and vitamins and the rise of psychiatry and psychology which offered physicians with a more specific theory of health built on clinical laboratory science. Like its rise, the decision to move away from the neurasthenic diagnosis was rather a cultural phenomenon, which reflected the American ascendancy to global power in the early twentieth century, particularly after the First World War. Sustaining a political order rested on racial and sexual hierarchies both within and outside the American continent, American men felt that they were no longer liable to specific, time-tested anxiety and somatic symptoms of neurasthenia, which was more an ideological and cultural construct than a clinical entity that dramatizes the racial, sexual, and imperial politics of the-turn-of-the-twentieth-century America.


Assuntos
Homens , Neurastenia , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Masculinidade , Homens/psicologia , Neurastenia/história , Estados Unidos
10.
Physiother Theory Pract ; 37(3): 376-388, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586618

RESUMO

Background: Neurasthenia was one of the most commonly diagnosed disorders in the later years of the 19th century. Its most widely used treatment, known as the Rest Cure, relied heavily on physical therapies, but little is known about the practitioners who administered the treatment. In this paper, I argue that the nurse-masseuses who delivered the massage and electricity so vital to the success of the Rest Cure, used the opportunity to develop approaches to treatment that would form the backbone of the physiotherapy profession in England after 1894. Methods: Extensive primary and secondary texts were drawn from a wide range of sources and critically reviewed. Findings: This study argues that the management of neurasthenic cases in the 1880s and 90s created the conditions necessary for the development of the profession's relationship with medicine and the establishment of new practice roles for women, and that these would play an important role in shaping the physiotherapy profession in Britain after 1894. Read through the critical sociological writings of Magali Sarfatti Larson and Anne Witz, I argue that the work of the nurse-masseuses can be seen as a complex gendered negotiation between the need to be deferential to the dominant male medical profession; distinct from emerging notions of the angelic, motherly nurse; obedient, technically competent and safe. The creation of a space in the clinic room for a third practitioner who could deliver a different form of care to the doctor or the nurse, established an approach to practice that physiotherapists would later adopt almost without amendment. Discussion: I argue that this approach owes much to the work done by nurse-massueses who established and tested its principles in treating cases of neurasthenia.


Assuntos
Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/história , Massagem/história , Neurastenia/história , Neurastenia/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/história , História do Século XIX , Humanos
11.
Asclepio ; 72(2): 0-0, jul.-dic. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-199288

RESUMO

En este artículo se analizará el modo en que la neurastenia y la fatiga fueron objetivadas por la medicina dentro del ámbito laboral en las ciudades de Bogotá y Medellín, durante la primera mitad del siglo XX. De ahí la necesidad de tomar como referencia la identificación de los presuntos padecimientos ligados a la esfera del trabajo intelectual y físico. A la reivindicación de los comportamientos frugales para aminorar los efectos de aquellos padecimientos, se le vino a adicionar la creciente psicologización del mundo del trabajo promediando dicha centuria. Aquella psicologización se volvió una herramienta que amplió el espectro de la anormalidad, en medio de la metamorfosis experimentada por el aparato productivo y la diversificación de la estructura laboral a nivel nacional


In this article it will analize the way in which nervous exhaustion and fatigue were objectified by the medicine inside the labour environment in the cities of Bogota and Medellin, during the first half of twentieth century. From there the necessity of taking as reference identification of alleged hardship related to intellectual and physical work sphere. To the demand of frugal behaviours to minimize the effects of that hardship, it added the growing psychologization of world work in the middle of the century. That psychologization was turned into a tool that extended the spectrum of anormality, in the midst of the metamorphosis experienced by the productive system and diversification of labour structure nationally


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Desenvolvimento Industrial/história , Neurastenia/história , Fadiga/história , Saúde Ocupacional/história , Colômbia
12.
Bull Exp Biol Med ; 169(5): 661-664, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986208

RESUMO

The study employed in vitro assay to examine the peculiarities of immune status in children with functional disorders of the autonomic nervous system diagnosticated as asthenoneurotic syndrome. In contrast to control children without asthenoneurotic syndrome, the examined group was characterized by significantly (p<0.05) elevated hapten-specific immunological sensitization (indicated by anti-Al IgG), induction of inflammatory reactions (IL-1), activation of apoptosis (CD3+CD95+ and р53) observed against the background inhibition of adaptive immune response (CD3+, CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+, CD16+56+, and CD19+), as well as hyperexpression of glutamic acid, NO, and VEGF combined with deficiency of serotonin. In cultured immunocompetent cells derived from children with hapten-modified immune status, the combined application of cytokine stimulator IL-1 with hapten sensitizer aluminum or with endocrine stimulator cortisol significantly (p<0.05) up-regulated expression of IL-8 and IL-10, but down-regulated production of IL-17 in a dose-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Haptenos/toxicidade , Neurastenia/diagnóstico , Neurastenia/metabolismo , Antígenos CD19/metabolismo , Complexo CD3/metabolismo , Antígenos CD4/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Antígenos CD8/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Criança , Humanos , Receptores de IgG/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo
13.
Int Rev Psychiatry ; 32(5-6): 491-499, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378431

RESUMO

Neuresthenia has had its popularity waxing and waning over the years. This review article traces the path and trajectory of the concept of this disorder, how it changed and varied over time, to the current times, when it has been almost forgotten and the concept is heading towards oblivion. Although its place in the diagnostic systems is currently in question, neurasthenia is still part of professional conversations and practice. The concept of neurasthenia emerged at the intersections of clinical, cultural and sociological dimensions of society. A deeper examination of how neurasthenia was situated at the intersections of race, class and gender exemplifies how psychiatric diagnoses may reflect and shape societal biases. The neurasthenia label has all but disappeared from contemporary nosological frameworks, however, there is a proliferation of other disorders, e.g. chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, that try to capture the experience of fatigue, pain, weakness, and distress even in the absence of clear-cut medical aetiologies. Only time will tell, if this concept has indeed been buried, or will rise as a phoenix in the years to come. Newer nervous fatigue syndromes are expected to emerge from the use of technology, screen time and the virtual world.


Assuntos
Neurastenia , Ansiedade , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/diagnóstico , Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Humanos , Neurastenia/diagnóstico , Neurastenia/psicologia
14.
Int Rev Psychiatry ; 32(5-6): 510-519, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459107

RESUMO

Soldier's Heart (SH) is a former medical diagnosis, rarely mentioned nowadays, presented under several other names. Considering the controversy regarding the removal of Soldier's Heart diagnosis from DSM-5, this study aimed to conduct a systematic review to evaluate its usage in the clinical practice. Information on diagnosis, military stress, heart rate variability, treatment, and prognosis were collected from 19 studies included after a systematic literature search. Considering the lack of adequate use of Soldier's Heart diagnosis and the diagnostic overlapping with other conditions, the present systematic review supports the inclusion of Soldier's Heart under the umbrella of posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSDs). This proposal is also in line with the conception that physical symptoms are relevant features often associated with generalized anxiety disorder and PTSD. Also, it will be described the higher prevalence of cardiological comorbidities in SH and possible cardiological consequences. Pharmacotherapy based on benzodiazepines and beta-blockers, as well as biofeedback and mindfulness techniques are considered to be useful treatment options. Further studies are needed to better define psychopathological domains of this syndrome and possible novel treatment targets.


Assuntos
Militares/psicologia , Neurastenia , Comorbidade , Humanos , Neurastenia/classificação , Neurastenia/diagnóstico , Neurastenia/psicologia , Neurastenia/terapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/classificação , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
15.
Urologe A ; 59(3): 326-340, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125448

RESUMO

The significance of electricity for medicine in the modern industrial age should not be underestimated. Particularly in connection with neurasthenia, electrotherapeutic approaches also experienced a boom for domestic use. Thus, electrotherapy reached urology just as it was becoming established as a medical specialty. We analyzed urological manuals and textbooks and objects in the W. P. Didusch Center for Urologic History and the Museum zur Geschichte der Urologie in Berlin to present the wide range of indications for electrotherapy in the emerging field of urology from impotence to urethral strictures and try to highlight the variability of their importance over time.


Assuntos
Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Neurastenia/história , Urologia/história , Berlim , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/tendências , Eletricidade , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Museus , Neurastenia/terapia , Urologia/tendências
16.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 56(1): 23-29, jan.-mar. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095935

RESUMO

Augusto dos Anjos (1884 - 1914) is one of the most original Brazilian poets of the twentieth century. He does not belong to a strict literary style and his poetry is marked by the use of scientific terms, by the existential suffering and by metaphysical questions. The personality of Augusto dos Anjos is described as melancholic and tormented, and he was known as "Doctor Sadness". He also had migraine. This paper reviews the biography of Augusto dos Anjos and investigates how his poetry echoes his psychopathological traits. We analyze the relations between creative genius and mental disorders. We also discuss the relations between migraine and psychopathology.


Augusto dos Anjos (1884 ­ 1914) é uma das vozes mais singulares da poesia brasileira do século XX. Sem nítida afiliação a uma escola literária específica, seus versos são marcados pelo léxico científico, pela inquietação metafísica e pelo sofrimento existencial. Observações biográficas relatam que o poeta tinha uma personalidade melancólica e angustiada, que lhe valeu a alcunha de "Doutor Tristeza". O autor também sofria de migrânea. Este trabalho revisita a biografia e a obra de Augusto dos Anjos, analisando como sua poesia repercute seus possíveis traços psicopatológicos, e discute sobre as relações entre gênio criativo e transtorno mental, além das relações entre migrânea e psicopatologia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Psicopatologia , Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Biografias como Assunto , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Neurastenia
17.
Probl Radiac Med Radiobiol ; 24: 395-410, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Ucraniano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841482

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to study the state of cognitive functions in children who were born and permanently live at radioactive contaminated territories (RCT) with pathology of the upper digestive tract, using pathopsychological testing; to increase the effectiveness of treatment and prophylactic measures aimed at preserving and restoring the health of RCT residents. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomized blind controlled clinical trial was conducted. There were examined, a total of 90 persons aged 6 to 17 years (35 boys and 55 girls) who were divided into two groups: the control group (I) included 30 persons of the conventional «clean¼ territories, and the main group (II) - 60 patients with patho- logy of the digestive organs who were born and live at the RCT. The study program included: the collection of anam- nesis, complaints; clinical and instrumental examinations. The following tests were applied by us: «What things are hidden in the drawings¼, Toulouse-Pieron, Raven, and Luria testing. For detecting the anxiety level, and the subjec- tive signs of autonomic dysfunctions were used the Spilberg-Hanin self-diagnosis and the Wein questionnaire, respectively. RESULTS: It was shown that in children aged 6-11 years, according to the results of the Toulouse-Pieron test, speed of cognitive information-processing was significantly decreased by 7.17 conventional units, while on the back- ground of the etiopathogenetic treatment of the digestive tract - by 10.24 conventional units relative to the va- lues of the control group. The long-term memory was statistically significantly decreased in the examined children of senior school age (from 12 to 17 years). A significant increase in reactive anxiety and a reverse correlation between the personal anxiety (PA) and speed of cognitive information-processing (r = -0.331) were recorded in patients aged 6-11 years. In older patients, PA was increased.Сonclusions. The obtained results indicate that the state of cognitive functions was characterized by a decrease in speed of cognitive information-processing, long-term memory and a high level of anxiety in children aged from 6 to 17 years residents of RСT with pathology of digestive organs, according to the used testing.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Acidente Nuclear de Chernobyl , Dispepsia/etiologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Gastrite/etiologia , Neurastenia/etiologia , Dor/etiologia , Adolescente , Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Criança , Cognição/efeitos da radiação , Sistema Digestório/patologia , Sistema Digestório/fisiopatologia , Sistema Digestório/efeitos da radiação , Dispepsia/fisiopatologia , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Gastrite/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Memória de Longo Prazo/efeitos da radiação , Sistema Nervoso/patologia , Sistema Nervoso/fisiopatologia , Sistema Nervoso/efeitos da radiação , Neurastenia/fisiopatologia , Dor/fisiopatologia , Exposição à Radiação/efeitos adversos , Cinza Radioativa/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ucrânia
18.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 51(9): 579-585, nov. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185934

RESUMO

Presentamos la evolución de la terminología y los criterios diagnósticos para el síndrome de fatiga crónica/encefalomielitis miálgica. Este síndrome es una entidad compleja y controvertida, de etiología desconocida, que aparece en la literatura médica en 1988, si bien desde el siglo XIX se identificaron cuadros clínicos de fatiga crónica idiopática con diferentes nombres, desde neurastenia, neuromiastenia epidémica y encefalomielitis miálgica benigna hasta la actual propuesta de enfermedad de intolerancia al esfuerzo (postesfuerzo). Todos ellos aluden a un estado crónico de fatiga generalizada de naturaleza desconocida, con limitaciones al esfuerzo físico y mental, acompañado de un conjunto de síntomas que comprometen diversos sistemas orgánicos. La Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades (CIE-10) encuadra este síndrome en el apartado de trastornos neurológicos (G93.3), aunque todavía no se hayan encontrado hallazgos anatomopatológicos que lo clarifiquen. Se han documentado múltiples alteraciones orgánicas, pero no se ha establecido una biología común que aclare los mecanismos que subyacen a esta dolencia. Se enuncia como una disfunción neuroinmunoendocrina, con un diagnóstico exclusivamente clínico y por exclusión. Diversos autores han propuesto incluir el síndrome de fatiga crónica/encefalomielitis miálgica dentro de los síndromes de sensibilidad central, aludiendo a la sensibilización central como el sustrato fisiopatológico común para este síndrome y otros. El papel del médico de familia es clave en la enfermedad, para la detección de aquellos pacientes que presenten una fatiga de naturaleza desconocida que se prolonga de forma continua o intermitente durante más de 6 meses, al objeto de realizar un diagnóstico temprano y establecer un plan de actuación frente a una enfermedad crónica con unos altos niveles de morbilidad en la esfera física y mental. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión bibliográfica de la terminología y criterios diagnósticos del síndrome de fatiga crónica/encefalomielitis miálgica, al objeto de aclarar conceptualmente la enfermedad, como utilidad en el diagnóstico a los médicos de Atención Primaria


Changes in the terminology and diagnostic criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis are explained in this paper. This syndrome is a complex and controversial entity of unknown origins. It appears in the medical literature in 1988, although clinical pictures of chronic idiopathic fatigue have been identified since the nineteenth century with different names, from neurasthenia, epidemic neuromyasthenia, and benign myalgic encephalomyelitis up to the current proposal of disease of intolerance to effort (post-effort). All of them allude to a chronic state of generalised fatigue of unknown origin, with limitations to physical and mental effort, accompanied by a set of symptoms that compromise diverse organic systems. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) places this syndrome in the section on neurological disorders (G93.3), although histopathological findings have not yet been found to clarify it. Multiple organic alterations have been documented, but a common biology that clarifies the mechanisms underlying this disease has not been established. It is defined as a neuro-immune-endocrine dysfunction, with an exclusively clinical diagnosis and by exclusion. Several authors have proposed to include CFS/ME within central sensitivity syndromes, alluding to central sensitisation as the common pathophysiological substrate for this, and other syndromes. The role of the family doctor is a key figure in the disease, from the detection of those patients who present a fatigue of unknown nature that is continuous or intermittent for more than 6 months, in order to make an early diagnosis and establish a plan of action against a chronic disease with high levels of morbidity in the physical and mental sphere. Objective: To carry out a bibliographic review of the terminology and diagnostic criteria of the chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis, in order to clarify the pathology conceptually, as a usefulness in the diagnosis of Primary Care physicians


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XIX , Neurastenia/epidemiologia , Neurastenia/história , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Encefalomielite/diagnóstico , Terminologia como Assunto , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/epidemiologia , Medicina de Família e Comunidade , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/história , Classificação Internacional de Doenças/história , Diagnóstico Precoce
19.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 26(3): 879-897, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531581

RESUMO

This article aims to provide a historical critique of the rise of three diagnostic categories: neurasthenia (late nineteenth century), neurosis (first half of the twentieth century) and depression (mid-twentieth century to the present). The hypothesis is that their broad dissemination can be explained through their link to the energy metaphor for the human body. From the mid-nineteenth century on, the concept of energy spread through western culture, encouraging certain fictions about what we are - the ontological dimension - and what we could be - the ethical dimension. The article shows that these pathologies have codified and made intelligible a set of life trajectories that did not obey the imperatives of those onto-ethical fictions.


El artículo tiene por objetivo realizar una historia crítica del auge de tres categorías diagnósticas: la neurastenia (fin del siglo XIX), la neurosis (primera mitad del siglo XX) y la depresión (segunda mitad del siglo XX hasta nuestros días). La hipótesis es que su amplia difusión se explicaría debido al vínculo que ellas han tenido con la metáfora energética del ser humano. Desde mediados del siglo XIX, la concepción energética se difundió por la cultura occidental, habilitando ciertas ficciones acerca de lo que somos ­ dimensión ontológica ­ y lo que podríamos llegar a ser ­ dimensión ética. El artículo muestra que estas patologías han codificado y tornado inteligible determinadas trayectorias vitales que no cumplían con los imperativos de tales ficciones onto-éticas.


Assuntos
Depressão/história , Neurastenia/história , Transtornos Neuróticos/história , Temas Bioéticos/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Fisiologia/história
20.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 26(3): 879-897, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039948

RESUMO

Resumen El artículo tiene por objetivo realizar una historia crítica del auge de tres categorías diagnósticas: la neurastenia (fin del siglo XIX), la neurosis (primera mitad del siglo XX) y la depresión (segunda mitad del siglo XX hasta nuestros días). La hipótesis es que su amplia difusión se explicaría debido al vínculo que ellas han tenido con la metáfora energética del ser humano. Desde mediados del siglo XIX, la concepción energética se difundió por la cultura occidental, habilitando ciertas ficciones acerca de lo que somos - dimensión ontológica - y lo que podríamos llegar a ser - dimensión ética. El artículo muestra que estas patologías han codificado y tornado inteligible determinadas trayectorias vitales que no cumplían con los imperativos de tales ficciones onto-éticas.


Abstract This article aims to provide a historical critique of the rise of three diagnostic categories: neurasthenia (late nineteenth century), neurosis (first half of the twentieth century) and depression (mid-twentieth century to the present). The hypothesis is that their broad dissemination can be explained through their link to the energy metaphor for the human body. From the mid-nineteenth century on, the concept of energy spread through western culture, encouraging certain fictions about what we are - the ontological dimension - and what we could be - the ethical dimension. The article shows that these pathologies have codified and made intelligible a set of life trajectories that did not obey the imperatives of those onto-ethical fictions.


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Depressão/história , Neurastenia/história , Transtornos Neuróticos/história , Fisiologia/história , Temas Bioéticos/história
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