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1.
Neurosurg Rev ; 47(1): 211, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724772

RESUMO

This correspondence examines how LLMs, such as ChatGPT, have an effect on academic neurosurgery. It emphasises the potential of LLMs in enhancing clinical decision-making, medical education, and surgical practice by providing real-time access to extensive medical literature and data analysis. Although this correspondence acknowledges the opportunities that come with the incorporation of LLMs, it also discusses challenges, such as data privacy, ethical considerations, and regulatory compliance. Additionally, recent studies have assessed the effectiveness of LLMs in perioperative patient communication and medical education, and stressed the need for cooperation between neurosurgeons, data scientists, and AI experts to address these challenges and fully exploit the potential of LLMs in improving patient care and outcomes in neurosurgery.


Assuntos
Neurocirurgia , Humanos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Neurocirurgiões
2.
Neurosurg Rev ; 47(1): 210, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze an automated voice to text translation device by reporting the translation accuracy for recorded pediatric neurosurgery clinic conversations, classifying errors in translation according to their impact on overall understanding, and comparing the incidence of these errors in English to Spanish vs. Spanish to English conversations. METHODS: English and Spanish speaking patients at a single academic health system's outpatient pediatric neurosurgery clinic had their conversations recorded. These recordings were played back to a Google Pixel handheld smartphone with Live Translate voice to text translation software. A certified medical interpreter evaluated recordings for incidence of minor errors, errors impacting understanding, and catastrophic errors affecting patient-provider relationship or care. Two proportion t-testing was used to compare these outcomes. RESULTS: 50 patient visits were recorded: 40 English recordings translated to Spanish and 10 Spanish recordings translated to English. The mean transcript length was 4244 ± 992 words. The overall accuracy was 98.2% ± 0.5%. On average, 46 words were missed in translation (1.09% error rate), 31 understanding-altering translation errors (0.73% error rate), and 0 catastrophic errors were made. There was no significant difference in English to Spanish or vice versa. CONCLUSION: Voice to text translation devices using automatic speech recognition accurately translate recorded clinic conversations between Spanish and English with high accuracy and low incidence of errors impacting medical care or understanding. Further study should investigate additional languages, assess patient preferences and potential concerns with respect to device use, and compare these devices directly to medical interpreters in live clinic settings.


Assuntos
Idioma , Tradução , Humanos , Criança , Neurocirurgia , Pediatria , Masculino , Feminino
3.
BMJ Open ; 14(5): e080878, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719324

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The realm of neurosurgery is currently witnessing a surge in primary research, underscoring the importance of adopting evidence-based approaches. Scoping reviews, as a type of evidence synthesis, offer a broad perspective and have become increasingly vital for managing the ever-expanding body of research in swiftly evolving fields. Recent research has indicated a rising prevalence of scoping reviews in healthcare literature. In this context, the concept of a 'review of scoping reviews' has emerged as a means to offer a higher level synthesis of insights. However, the field of neurosurgery appears to lack a comprehensive integration of scoping reviews. Therefore, the objective of this scoping review is to identify and evaluate the extent of scoping reviews within neurosurgery, pinpointing research gaps and methodological issues to enhance evidence-based practices in this dynamic discipline. METHODS: The method framework of Arksey and O'Malley will be used to conduct the scoping review. A thorough literature search will be performed on Medline, Scopus and Web of Science to find eligible studies using the keywords related to neurosurgery, scoping review and its variants. Two reviewers will independently revise all of the full-text articles, extract data and evaluate the study extent. A narrative overview of the findings from included studies will be given. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This review will involve secondary analysis of published literature, and therefore ethics approval is not required. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews checklist will be used to guide translation of findings. Results will be disseminated through peer-reviewed journals and presented in conferences via abstract and presentation.


Assuntos
Neurocirurgia , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos
4.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 509, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this era of rapid technological development, medical schools have had to use modern technology to enhance traditional teaching. Online teaching was preferred by many medical schools. However due to the complexity of intracranial anatomy, it was challenging for the students to study this part online, and the students were likely to be tired of neurosurgery, which is disadvantageous to the development of neurosurgery. Therefore, we developed this database to help students learn better neuroanatomy. MAIN BODY: The data were sourced from Rhoton's Cranial Anatomy and Surgical Approaches and Neurosurgery Tricks of the Trade in this database. Then we designed many hand gesture figures connected with the atlas of anatomy. Our database was divided into three parts: intracranial arteries, intracranial veins, and neurosurgery approaches. Each section below contains an atlas of anatomy, and gestures represent vessels and nerves. Pictures of hand gestures and atlas of anatomy are available to view on GRAVEN ( www.graven.cn ) without restrictions for all teachers and students. We recruited 50 undergraduate students and randomly divided them into two groups: using traditional teaching methods or GRAVEN database combined with above traditional teaching methods. Results revealed a significant improvement in academic performance in using GRAVEN database combined with traditional teaching methods compared to the traditional teaching methods. CONCLUSION: This database was vital to help students learn about intracranial anatomy and neurosurgical approaches. Gesture teaching can effectively simulate the relationship between human organs and tissues through the flexibility of hands and fingers, improving anatomy interest and education.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Gestos , Neurocirurgia , Humanos , Neurocirurgia/educação , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Estudantes de Medicina , Neuroanatomia/educação , Ensino , Feminino , Masculino
6.
Prog Brain Res ; 285: 157-178, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705715

RESUMO

The chapter begins with also an outline of the characteristics of four surgeons who changed the direction of thinking and hence of practice. This is followed by a review of the changing ideas which governed surgical practice. Chapter "Two surgical instruments" by Jeremy C. Ganz has examined the uses of drills and lenticulars. In this chapter there is an appraisal of the other instruments used during cranial surgery and how their use related to changing ideas. Finally, there is a concluding section which ties all these elements together.


Assuntos
Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Humanos , História do Século XX , História do Século XIX , Neurocirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos
7.
Can J Surg ; 67(3): E188-E197, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The evidence on the benefits and drawbacks of involving neurosurgical residents in the care of patients who undergo neurosurgical procedures is heterogeneous. We assessed the effect of neurosurgical residency programs on the outcomes of such patients in a large single-payer public health care system. METHODS: Ten population-based cohorts of adult patients in Ontario who received neurosurgical care from 2013 to 2017 were identified on the basis of procedural codes, and the cohorts were followed in administrative health data sources. Patient outcomes by the status of the treating hospital (with or without a neurosurgical residency program) within each cohort were compared with models adjusted for a priori confounders and with adjusted multilevel models (MLMs) to also account for hospital-level factors. RESULTS: A total of 46 608 neurosurgical procedures were included. Operative time was 8%-30% longer in hospitals with neurosurgical residency programs in 9 out of 10 cohorts. Thirty-day mortality was lower in hospitals with neurosurgical residency programs for aneurysm repair (odds ratio [OR] 0.30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.20-0.44), cerebrospinal fluid shunting (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.34-0.79), intracerebral hemorrhage evacuation (OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.52-0.84), and posterior lumbar decompression (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.15-0.65) in adjusted models. The mortality rates remained significantly different only for aneurysm repair (OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.05-0.69) and cerebrospinal shunting (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.21-0.85) in MLMs. Length of stay was mostly shorter in hospitals with neurosurgical residents, but this finding did not persist in MLMs. Thirty-day reoperation rates did not differ between hospital types in MLMs. For 30-day readmission rates, only extracerebral hematoma decompression was significant in MLMs (OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.07-1.87). CONCLUSION: Hospitals with neurosurgical residents had longer operative times with similar to better outcomes. Most, but not all, of the differences between hospitals with and without residency programs were explained by hospital-level variables rather than direct effects of residents.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Humanos , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/educação , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Feminino , Ontário , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos de Coortes , Neurocirurgia/educação , Adulto , Idoso , Duração da Cirurgia
8.
Neurol India ; 72(2): 352-357, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medicine has begun adapting to new information-sharing paradigms in the hyper-connected social media era. In this milieu, the role of journal websites in the dissemination of clinical and research information needs to be reevaluated. OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore whether reader engagement with neurosurgical journal websites, reflected by the number of article views and downloads, correlated with the eventual number of citations received by the articles. METHODS: The websites of all Medline indexed neurosurgical journals were screened to identify those that provided information regarding the number of abstract and full text views and downloads. Articles published in these journals between July 2010 and June 2011 were included in this analysis. Various article attributes were identified and the number of citations per article was obtained from Google Scholar. The impact factors of the selected journals for the year 2010 were obtained from the Journal Citation Reports. RESULTS: Twenty-two journals that had published 2527 articles were finally included in this analysis. The number of abstract views, full-text views, and downloads all correlated strongly with the journal impact factors in 2010 as well as the eventual citations per article. The number of article downloads independently predicted the citations per article on multivariate analysis. Neurology India had significantly higher article views and downloads but lower citations per article than the other journals. CONCLUSIONS: Readers were found to engage significantly with neurosurgical journal websites and therefore, open access to articles would lead to increased visibility of articles, resulting in higher citation rates.


Assuntos
Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Neurocirurgia , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Humanos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Internet , Disseminação de Informação/métodos
10.
Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg ; 49: 19-34, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700678

RESUMO

Neurosurgical procedures are some of the most complex procedures in medicine and since the advent of the field, planning, performing, and learning them has challenged the neurosurgeon. Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) are making these challenges more manageable. VR refers to a virtual digital environment that can be experienced usually through use of stereoscopic glasses and controllers. AR, on the other hand, fuses the natural environment with virtual images, such as superimposing a preoperative MRI image on to the surgical field [1]. They initially were used primarily as neuronavigational tools but soon their potential in other areas of surgery, such as planning, education, and assessment, was noted and explored. Through this chapter, we outline the history and evolution of these two technologies over the past few decades, describe the current state of the technology and its uses, and postulate future directions for research and implementation.


Assuntos
Realidade Aumentada , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Realidade Virtual , Humanos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Criança , Neurocirurgia/métodos , Pediatria/métodos , Neuronavegação/métodos
16.
World Neurosurg ; 185: e16-e29, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There has been a modest but progressive increase in the neurosurgical workforce, training, and service delivery in Nigeria in the last 2 decades. However, these resources are unevenly distributed. This study aimed to quantitatively assess the availability and distribution of neurosurgical resources in Nigeria while projecting the needed workforce capacity up to 2050. METHODS: An online survey of Nigerian neurosurgeons and residents assessed the country's neurosurgical infrastructure, workforce, and resources. The results were analyzed descriptively, and geospatial analysis was used to map their distribution. A projection model was fitted to predict workforce targets for 2022-2050. RESULTS: Out of 86 neurosurgery-capable health facilities, 65.1% were public hospitals, with only 17.4% accredited for residency training. Dedicated hospital beds and operating rooms for neurosurgery make up only 4.0% and 15.4% of the total, respectively. The population disease burden is estimated at 50.2 per 100,000, while the operative coverage was 153.2 cases per neurosurgeon. There are currently 132 neurosurgeons and 114 neurosurgery residents for a population of 218 million (ratio 1:1.65 million). There is an annual growth rate of 8.3%, resulting in a projected deficit of 1113 neurosurgeons by 2030 and 1104 by 2050. Timely access to neurosurgical care ranges from 21.6% to 86.7% of the population within different timeframes. CONCLUSIONS: Collaborative interventions are needed to address gaps in Nigeria's neurosurgical capacity. Investments in training, infrastructure, and funding are necessary for sustainable development and optimized outcomes.


Assuntos
Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Neurocirurgiões , Neurocirurgia , Nigéria , Humanos , Neurocirurgia/tendências , Neurocirurgia/educação , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neurocirurgiões/provisão & distribuição , Neurocirurgiões/tendências , Mão de Obra em Saúde/tendências , Mão de Obra em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/tendências , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos Humanos/tendências , Internato e Residência/tendências , Inquéritos e Questionários , Previsões
17.
World Neurosurg ; 185: e209-e242, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Spinal pathologies are prevalent in Nigeria, though epidemiological data remains sparse. This systematic review used pooled patient-level data from across the country to generate a standardized epidemiological reference. METHODS: Four research databases and gray literature sources were searched. Risk of bias assessment was conducted using Risk of Bias in Non-Randomised Studies - of Interventions and Cochrane's risk of bias tool. We descriptively analyzed all article metrics and statistically analyzed relevant data variables via paired t-test and χ2 independence tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: One hundred twenty-seven articles, comprising a patient cohort of 8425 patients, were analyzed. Most were retrospective cohort studies (46.5%) and case reports/series (31.5%), with an overall moderate-high risk of bias. Most studies were published in the last 20 years. Most patients were male (∼2.5 males per female), with an average age of 43.2 years (±16.4). Clinical diagnoses spanned the breadth of spinal neurosurgery. Approximately 45.0% of patients had complete spinal impairment. Pain (41.7%) was the most reported presenting feature. X-ray (45.1%) was the most common investigation used. Intervertebral disc herniation (18.9%) was the most prevalent imaging finding on MRI. Most patients were managed nonoperatively (57.8%), with a favorable outcome in 27.4% of patients. Posttreatment complications included pressure sores, infection, and motor deficits. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and pooled analysis provide an epidemiological overview of spinal neurosurgery in Nigeria over the last 60 years and serves as a useful reference to direct future global research in this arena.


Assuntos
Doenças da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Neurocirurgia
19.
World Neurosurg ; 185: e30-e43, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Like many low- and-middle-income countries in Africa, documented assessment of the neurosurgical workforce, equipment, infrastructure, and scope of service delivery in Nigeria is lacking. This study aimed to assess the capacity for the delivery of neurosurgical services in Nigeria. METHODS: An 83-question survey was disseminated to neurosurgeons and residents in Nigeria. We report the findings from the capacity assessment section of the survey, which used the modified neurological-PIPES (personnel, infrastructure, procedures, equipment, and supplies) (MN-PIPES) tool to evaluate the availability of neurosurgical personnel, infrastructure, procedures, equipment, and supplies. A comparative analysis was done using the domain and total MN-PIPES scores and MN-PIPES index. RESULTS: The national average MN-PIPES score and index were 176.4 and 9.8, respectively. Overall, the southwest and northwest regions had the highest scores and frequently had high subscores. The survey respondents reported that the main challenges impeding neurosurgery service delivery were a lack of adjunctive supplies (75.2%), a dearth of diagnostic and interventional equipment (72.4%), and an absence of a dedicated intensive care unit (72.4%). CONCLUSIONS: The availability of workforce, infrastructure, equipment, and supplies needed to provide optimal neurosurgical care is uneven in many institutions in Nigeria. Although major strides have been made in recent years, targeted collaborative interventions at local, national, regional, and international levels will further improve neurosurgical service delivery in Nigeria and will have positive ripple effects on the rest of the healthcare system.


Assuntos
Neurocirurgiões , Neurocirurgia , Nigéria , Humanos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
World Neurosurg ; 185: e57-e74, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nigeria has an inadequate number of neurosurgeons to meet the population's demand for neurosurgical care. Furthermore, few Nigerian neurosurgeons are female. This study sought to evaluate perceived barriers to pursuing neurosurgery among Nigerian trainees. METHODS: A 60-question survey was distributed electronically to medical students at the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, and unspecialized intern physicians at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Participation was voluntary. RESULTS: One hundred fifty-seven respondents participated in the survey. A greater proportion of males indicated an interest in neurosurgery than females (40% vs. 18%, P = 0.010). Over 75% of respondents identified decreased family and personal time, long work hours, and limited access to maternity or paternity leave as potential barriers to neurosurgery, with no differences by gender. Respondents overall saw being female and low-income as disadvantageous to pursuing neurosurgery in Nigeria. Although they universally viewed research as important in neurosurgery, 59% of respondents reported inadequate access to research opportunities; this did not vary by gender. However, 65% of female respondents reported that having a female neurosurgery mentor would increase their interest in neurosurgery (vs. 37% of males, P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Nigerian medical trainees perceived the time commitment of neurosurgery as a major barrier to pursuing the specialty. Regardless of gender, they also reported low exposure to neurosurgery and inadequate access to research and mentorship opportunities. However, we found that enhanced female representation among neurosurgery mentors and improved work-life balance could increase interest in neurosurgery and help expand Nigeria's neurosurgical workforce.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Neurocirurgia , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Nigéria , Feminino , Masculino , Neurocirurgia/educação , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Médicos/psicologia , Neurocirurgiões , Adulto Jovem
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