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1.
IUCrJ ; 10(Pt 1): 52-65, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36598502

RESUMO

The compound 1,5-pentanediamine (PDA) is prepared by biological methods using biomass as raw material. The salt of 1,5-pentanediamine oxalate (PDA-OXA) was used directly as the monomer for the preparation of a new bio-based nylon 52 material. High-performance polymer materials require initial high-quality monomers, and crystallization is an essential approach to preparing such a monomer. In this work, three crystal forms of PDA-OXA, the anhydrate, dihydrate and trihydrate, were found and the single crystals of two hydrates were obtained. Their crystal structures were determined using single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. The thermal behaviors were characterized by thermodynamic analysis, and the lattice energy was calculated to further explore the relationship between the thermal stability and crystal structure. Detailed computational calculations, Hirshfeld analyses and lattice energy calculations were performed to quantify both the contribution of intra- and intermolecular interactions to the supramolecular assembly, as well as the influence on the stability of the structure. The structure-property relationship between the PDA-OXA crystal forms was established. Moreover, the phase transformation mechanism between the crystalline forms of PDA-OXA has been established, and the control strategy of specific crystal forms was developed from the water activity-temperature phase diagram and relevant thermodynamic data. Finally, the influence of the polymorphism of the monomer and the polymerization methods on the properties of the polymer was investigated. The nylon 52 product obtained showed good appearance, high hardness and thermal stability, the polymer made using the anhydrate as the monomer has better thermodynamic properties than that prepared from the dihydrate, indicating practical industrial application prospects.


Assuntos
Nylons , Oxalatos , Cadaverina , Polimerização , Polímeros
2.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 13(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671909

RESUMO

Irregular expression of MicroRNA-21 (miRNA-21) is considered as a promising biomarker for early cancer diagnosis. In this paper, a new genosensor based on paper and nanozyme activity of cysteamine-capped gold nanoparticles (Cys/AuNPs) was developed to detect picomolar concentrations of miRNA-21. Such nanozyme catalyzes the colorimetric reaction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and 3,3',5,5' tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), to produce a blue color measurable by a smartphone. Due to their positive charge, Cys/AuNPs were attached to the negative phosphate groups of the DNA strand backbone via electrostatic interactions, leading to the quantitative determination of miRNA-21 concentration by the peroxidase-like activity of Cys/AuNPs. Furthermore, a paper-based assay was carried out on nylon disk devices to allow fast immobilization of DNAprobe. After performing the paper-based assay, a good linear range was observed between 1 pM and 1 nM (Y = 0.080 [MiRNA-21]/pM + 13.846, R2 = 0.993) with a detection limit of 0.5 pM. The developed method was effective, selective, and sensitive for the miRNA-21 detection. The application of the proposed method for miRNA-21 detection was examined in a human serum sample, and a recovery rate of 90.0-97.6% was obtained showing the acceptable accuracy of the developed approach.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Colorimetria/métodos , Ouro , Cisteamina , Nylons , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , DNA , Peroxidases , Limite de Detecção
3.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677806

RESUMO

Promethazine hydrochloride (PMZ), a potent H1-histamine blocker widely used to prevent motion sickness, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting, has a bitter taste. In the present study, taste masked PMZ nanocapsules (NCs) were prepared using an interfacial polycondensation technique. A one-step approach was used to expedite the synthesis of NCs made from a biocompatible and biodegradable polyamide based on l-arginine. The produced NCs had an average particle size of 193.63 ± 39.1 nm and a zeta potential of -31.7 ± 1.25 mV, indicating their stability. The NCs were characterized using differential scanning calorimetric analysis and X-ray diffraction, as well as transmission electron microscopy that demonstrated the formation of the NCs and the incorporation of PMZ within the polymer. The in vitro release study of the PMZ-loaded NCs displayed a 0.91 ± 0.02% release of PMZ after 10 min using artificial saliva as the dissolution media, indicating excellent taste masked particles. The in vivo study using mice revealed that the amount of fluid consumed by the PMZ-NCs group was significantly higher than that consumed by the free PMZ group (p < 0.05). This study confirmed that NCs using polyamides based on l-arginine and interfacial polycondensation can serve as a good platform for the effective taste masking of bitter actives.


Assuntos
Nanocápsulas , Prometazina , Camundongos , Animais , Prometazina/química , Nylons , Paladar , Percepção Gustatória , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos H1
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 446: 130683, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610341

RESUMO

Microplastics are ubiquitous environmental contaminants, and concern about microplastics functioning as vectors for coexisting environmental contaminants has been increasing. In this study, we evaluated the potential of microplastics as a vector for microcystins (MCs) in an aquatic environment. Six microplastics-polyvinylidene chloride, polystyrene, polyamide-6 (PA-6), polyvinyl chloride, poly(ethylene terephthalate), and polyethylene-were used in the experiments, and the PA-6 microplastics showed strong affinity toward the cyanotoxin microcystin-leucine arginine (MC-LR) with an adsorption efficiency of 89.5 ± 0.1 %. The adsorption of MC-LR onto PA-6 microplastics was well described by the pseudo-first-order kinetics and Langmuir isotherm models, and the adsorption was considered to be driven mainly by polar-polar interactions. The maximum adsorption capacity (qm) of MC-LR onto PA-6 microplastics was estimated to be 85.64-129.05 µg per g of PA-6 microplastics. Coexisting ions of NaCl, MgSO4, KH2PO4, CaCO3, and Na2HPO4 marginally affected the adsorption of MC-LR onto the PA-6 microplastics. However, water-quality parameters of conductivity and total-nitrogen content in environmental freshwaters influenced the adsorption of MC-LR onto PA-6 microplastics. The adsorption capability of PA-6 microplastics was evaluated using extracellular MCs (i.e., MC-LR, MC-YR, MC-RR, and total MCs) released from Microcystis aeruginosa cells during their growth.


Assuntos
Microcistinas , Microplásticos , Adsorção , Nylons , Plásticos , Água Doce
5.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 18(1): 54, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A novel nanohydroxyapatite/polyamide-66 cage (n-HA/PA66 cage) with a horseshoe shape was designed to lower the subsidence rate of the traditional hollow cylindrical n-HA/PA66 cage. However, no studies have compared the incidence of subsidence in the two cages. The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of the novel n-HA/PA66 cage with the hollow cylindrical n-HA/PA66 cage after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) to treat single-level cervical degenerative disk disease (CDDD). METHODS: Fifty-two patients with novel n-HA/PA66 cages (Group A) and fifty-five patients with hollow cylindrical n-HA/PA66 cages (Group B) were included. The radiological parameters included intervertebral height (IH), C2-7 angle (C2-7a), segmental alignment (SA), subsidence rate, and fusion rate. The clinical outcomes were visual analog scale (VAS) scores, Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scores, and patient satisfaction rates. RESULTS: The pre- and postoperative SA, C2-7a, and fusion rates of the patients in Groups A and B were similar. The preoperative and 6-month postoperative IHs in both groups were comparable. However, the final follow-up IH in Group B was significantly smaller than that in Group A (35.9 mm vs. 36.7 mm). The difference in the subsidence rates at the final follow-up between Group A (5.8%, 3/52) and Group B (18.2%, 10/55) was significant. The VAS score, JOA score, and patient satisfaction rate were not significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: The novel n-HA/PA66 cage had similar favorable SA, C2-7a, fusion rate, and clinical outcomes compared to the hollow cylindrical n-HA/PA66 cage for treating single-level ACDF. Moreover, the novel n-HA/PA66 cage achieved a lower subsidence rate and higher IH than the hollow cylindrical n-HA/PA66 cage at the final follow-up.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Humanos , Seguimentos , Resultado do Tratamento , Nylons , Estudos Retrospectivos , Discotomia , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia
6.
Water Res ; 230: 119567, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621280

RESUMO

Domestic wastewater (DWW) contains a reservoir of nutrients, such as nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus; however, emerging micropollutants (EMPs) hinder its applications in resource recovery. In this study, a novel class of nanofiltration (NF) membranes was developed; it enabled the efficient removal of harmful EMP constituents while preserving valuable nutrients in the permeate. Neutral (IM-N) and positively charged (IM-P) imidazole derivative compounds have been used to chemically functionalize pristine polyamide (PA) membranes to synchronously inhibit the hydrolysis of residual acyl chloride and promote their amination. Owing to their distinct properties, these IM modifiers can custom-build the membrane physicochemical properties and structures to benefit the NF process in DWW treatment. The electroneutral NF membrane exhibited ultrahigh solute-solute selectivity by minimizing the Donnan effects on ion penetration (K, N, and P ions rejection < 25%) while imposing remarkable size-sieving obstruction against EMPs (rejection ratio > 91%). Moreover, the hydrophilic IM-modifier synergistically led to enhanced water permeance of 9.2 L m-2 h-1 bar-1, reaching a 2-fold higher magnitude than that of the pristine PA membrane, along with excellent antifouling/antibacterial fouling properties. This study may provide a paradigm shift in membrane technology to convert wastewater streams into valuable water and nutrient resources.


Assuntos
Membranas Artificiais , Cloretos , Nylons , Água , Imidazóis
7.
Food Res Int ; 163: 112217, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596146

RESUMO

In this study, the effect of ultrasound processing on the properties of two packages widely used in food products was evaluated: polyamide (PA) and polyethylene (PE) multilayer packaging. Packages composed of PE/PA/PE (Film A) and PE/PA/PE/PA/PE (Film B) were filled with aqueous and fatty food simulants and treated in an ultrasound water bath (frequency 25 kHz, volumetric power of 9.74 W/L, temperature of 25 °C, and time of 30 and 60 min). Materials were evaluated in term of structure and performance properties. Ultrasound did not or induced small changes in chemical groups, crystallinity, melting temperature, and tensile strength of the films. Film A showed a reduction in heat sealing tensile strength of 25% in the machine direction and 22% in the transverse direction. Film B showed a 20% increase of water vapor transmission rate after ultrasound processing. Although ultrasound had little impact on the properties of the evaluated materials, these modifications do not compromise the use of these packages for applications in ultrasound-processed foods. Therefore, the results indicate that ultrasound can be used as a food processing technology in multilayer PA and PE packaging.


Assuntos
Embalagem de Alimentos , Nylons , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Polietileno/química , Manipulação de Alimentos , Resistência à Tração
8.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 44(1): e5-e9, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649497

RESUMO

Rehabilitation of edentulous patients with implant-supported overdentures has gained prominence over the use of conventional dentures because of the improved quality of life it provides patients. Various attachment systems are available that facilitate the insertion and removal of prostheses, and among them, the Locator attachment system has become popular due to its self-aligning property, simplicity of use, and minimal space requirement of male inserts within the denture. However, the loss of retention of nylon inserts over time requires their removal from the metal housing and subsequent replacement. This article describes an easy alternative technique for replacing the nylon inserts in the denture cap using a simple dental explorer and mirror head.


Assuntos
Nylons , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Masculino , Retenção de Dentadura/métodos , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante/métodos , Mandíbula , Materiais Dentários , Revestimento de Dentadura
9.
ACS Macro Lett ; 12(1): 93-100, 2023 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36595347

RESUMO

Surface coating is essential and critical to endow fiber materials with various functions for broad applications. However, it is still a great challenge to achieve a fast, fully covered, and robust surface coating on multiple fibers. In this work, a nanoscale surface coating with superior stability was rapidly and integrally formed on various fiber materials (such as Nylon mesh, nonwoven fabrics, and stainless-steel mesh) by highly reactive interfacial polymerization (IP) between polyethylenimine (PEI) and trimesoyl chloride (TMC). The resulting polyamide (PA) layer with an ultrathin thickness of tens of nanometers wholly and uniformly covered the surface of each fiber of the constituent material. Due to the synergistic effect of the PA layer with inherent robustness and the fully covered structure between the outer PA layer and the inner fiber, the nanosurface-coating exhibited outstanding mechanical stability, good acid resistance, and excellent organic solvent resistance. The functional modification of the nanosurface-coating can be easily carried out by using the abundant carboxyl groups in the PA layer. By introducing sulfobetaine zwitterionic copolymers via either "grafting from" or "grafting to" methods, the surfaces presented prominent underwater antioil-adhesion property and exceptional protein adhesion resistance. The surface coating based on IP process opens up an avenue in the field of surface modification. It is expected to offer a generally feasible strategy for the fabrication of fiber materials with robust and multifunctional coatings.


Assuntos
Nylons , Polímeros , Polimerização , Polímeros/química , Têxteis , Ácidos
10.
Environ Pollut ; 317: 120818, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36481467

RESUMO

The widespread coexistence of hydrophilic organic compounds and microplastics (MPs) in the environment has greatly increased their associated environmental problems. To evaluate the potential carrier effect of oxygen-containing MPs on coexisting pollutants, adsorption behaviors of four hydrophilic organic compounds (benzoic acid, sulfamethoxazole, sulfamerazine and ciprofloxacin) on MPs (pristine and weathered polyamide (PA)) were studied in the aquatic environment. The results showed that the surface morphology, size, oxygen content, molecular structure, surface charge and crystallinity of PA were changed after weathering, and the weathering degree of PA treated with heat-activated potassium persulfate was the highest. The main adsorption mechanisms included hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic interaction, charge-assisted hydrogen bonding, and electrostatic interaction. Hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interaction contributed to the adsorption, while electrostatic interaction weakened the adsorption under the specific pH conditions. The formation of charge-assisted hydrogen bonding (CAHB) was also verified through pH influence experiments, and this force can overcome the electrostatic repulsion. The high adsorption of KPA (PA weathered by K2S2O8) under alkaline conditions was well explained by the formation of homonuclear CAHB due to the increase of oxygen-containing functional groups compared to the other three PA. Additionally, weathering did not always enhance the adsorption of hydrophilic organic compounds on PA, which was related to the changes in surface charge, crystallinity and hydrophilicity of PA. Overall, the physical and chemical properties (e.g., specific surface area, oxygen content, molecular structure) of PA after weathering and its trend of adsorption were different from other oxygen-free MPs in this study. This work can provide basic data for environmental risk of MPs and contribute to clarify and understand the processes of oxygenated MPs in the aquatic environment.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Microplásticos/química , Plásticos/química , Nylons , Adsorção , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Compostos Orgânicos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas
11.
Environ Pollut ; 317: 120826, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36493939

RESUMO

Uranium mainly exists in the form of uranyl carbonate in seawater. [UO2(CO3)3]4- has strong stability, which increases the difficulty of uranium extraction from seawater. Meanwhile, the complex marine environment, a large number of coexisting competing ions and biological pollution are all non-negligible disturbing factors. Herein, we introduced amidoxime (AO) groups into the surface of Ti3C2 and grafted polyamides (PA) by a simple one-step hydrothermal method to produce an efficient seawater uranium extraction adsorbent Ti3C2-AO-PA. Owing to the amidoxime groups, the material was highly selective for uranium. And the large number of amino groups in the polyamides gave it ideal resistance to biofouling. The possibility of Ti3C2-AO-PA as an adsorbent for uranium extraction from seawater was confirmed by various characterization techniques, numerous adsorption batch experiments, simulated seawater experiments and antibacterial performance tests. It was demonstrated that the uptake of [UO2(CO3)3]4- by Ti3C2-AO-PA showed fast reaction kinetics (about 120 min), brilliant absorption capacity (81.1 mg·g-1 at pH 8.3), significant high selectivity (32.8 mg-U/g-Ads) and outstanding anti-biological contamination performance (92.9% antibacterial rate). XPS and DFT further indicated that the high extraction ability of Ti3C2-AO-PA for uranium was mainly attributed to the strong complexation of AO and -NH2 with [UO2(CO3)3]4-. These conclusions showed that Ti3C2-AO-PA not only had an ideal application prospect for uranium extraction from seawater, but also provided an available strategy for rapid and selective uranium adsorption from real seawater.


Assuntos
Urânio , Urânio/química , Nylons , Água do Mar/química , Antibacterianos
12.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 226: 194-201, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36493924

RESUMO

This paper presents a binary reinforcement system of polyamide polyamine epichlorohydrin with nanocellulose (PAE-NC) for effectively modification of the reclaimed fibres for paper production, and based on the improvement of physical and mechanical properties of cellulosic fibres together with PAE-NC self-crosslinking networks, the strengthening mechanisms of recycled papers are examined. The PAE-NC binary system was applied directly to old corrugated container (OCC) and softwood bleached kraft pulp (SWBKP), and handsheets are prepared with varying amounts of PAE/NC/PAE-NC, namely 0.05, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 wt% (dry pulp). The results showed that the studied additives improved the performance of recycled fibres, whether SWBKP or OCC pulp, and handsheets in solely or combined mechanisms except for the air permeability of the handsheets. The treatment of PAE-NC combination was significantly more effective than those of PAE or NC alone for both OCC and SWBKP, although the combined PAE-NC treatment results in better performance enhancement for OCC than SWBKP handsheets, and the NC alone is more effective than PAE for SWBKP recycled paper and conversely for OCC recycled paper. SEM observations further confirmed that the combined PAE-NC addition treatment imparted a relatively uniform surface structure to the handsheet.


Assuntos
Epicloroidrina , Nylons , Epicloroidrina/química , Carboidratos , Papel
13.
Chemosphere ; 313: 137548, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521749

RESUMO

The microfibers generated from Polyester and Nylon based materials during washing cause serious environmental pollution by both contaminating the aquatic environment and the livelihood of the underwater creatures as well. This study aims at investigating the microfiber-pollution in wash effluents collected from different regions of Kolkata which is believed to be one of the microfiber-polluted cities in the South-east Asia in recent times. In this work, packed bed microfiltration (PBMF) was adopted in an economic and eco-friendly manner to arrest adequate amounts of microfibers and non-biodegradable matters present in the water samples collected from different regions of Kolkata and its surrounding areas. Moreover, effective parameters such as packed bed height to diameter ratio (H/D), mess size of the adopted filtration unit were varied from 0.71 to 2.85 and 60 to 100, respectively to understand the efficacy of the approach and to justify the potential of such alternative in order to alleviate the concern as well. The present study reveals that the microfiltration efficiency of the proposed PBMF unit was achieved maximum 93.5% for sample A and 92.2% for sample D respectively to reduce the microfiber count from 7614 to 543 in an hour operation at a flow rate of 60 L h-1. Besides, the cost of such system was found to be promising as much as 5 US$ on a yearly basis.


Assuntos
Plásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Têxteis , Análise Custo-Benefício , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluição Ambiental , Nylons
14.
Dent Mater ; 39(1): 86-100, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To seek dentine analogue materials in combined experimental, analytical, and numerical approaches on the mechanical properties and fatigue behaviours that could replace human dentine in a crown fatigue laboratory test. METHODS: A woven glass fibre-filled epoxy (NEMA grade G10; G10) and a glass fibre-reinforced polyamide-nylon (30% glass fibre reinforced polyamide-nylon 6,6; RPN) were investigated and compared with human dentine (HD). Flexural strength and elastic modulus (n = 10) were tested on beam-shaped specimens via three-point bending, while indentation hardness (n = 3) was tested after fracture. Abutment substrates of G10, RPN and HD were prepared and resin-bonded with monolithic lithium disilicate crowns (n = 10), then subjected to wet cyclic loading in a step-stress manner (500 N initial load, 100 N step size, 100,000 cycles per step, 20 Hz frequency). Data were statistically analysed using Kruskal-Wallis one-way ANOVA followed by post-hoc comparisons (α = 0.05). Survival probability estimation was performed by Mantel-Cox Log-Rank test with 95% confidence intervals. The fatigue failure load (FFL) and the number of cycles until failure (NCF) were evaluated with Weibull statistics. Finite Element Models of the fatigue test were established for stress distribution analysis and lifetime prediction. Fractographic observations were qualitatively analysed. RESULTS: The flexural strength of HD (164.27 ± 14.24 MPa), G10 (116.48 ± 5.93 MPa), and RPN (86.73 ± 3.56 MPa) were significantly different (p < 0.001), while no significant difference was observed in their flexural moduli (p = 0.377) and the indentation hardness between HD and RPN (p = 0.749). The wet cyclic fatigue test revealed comparable mean FFL and NCF of G10 and RPN to HD (p = 0.237 and 0.294, respectively) and similar survival probabilities for the three groups (p = 0.055). However, RPN promotes higher stability and lower deviation of fatigue test results than G10 in Weibull analysis and FEA. SIGNIFICANCE: Even though dentine analogue materials might exhibit similar elastic properties and fatigue performance to human dentine, different reliabilities of fatigue on crown-dentine analogues were shown. RPN seems to be a better substrate that could provide higher reliability and predictability of laboratory study results.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Nylons , Humanos , Cerâmica/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Porcelana Dentária/química , Coroas , Dentina , Desenho Assistido por Computador
15.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 186: 114492, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36535232

RESUMO

The adsorption, desorption, and their influence factors of Cr(VI) by microplastics (MPs) in the solution was investigated in this study. The results demonstrated that UV aging promoted adsorption, while the increase of salinity and natural organic matter (NOM) inhibited adsorption. The particle size affected the total Cr(VI) active adsorption sites on MPs, while the pH changed the electrostatic force. The Cr(VI) adsorption by MPs conformed to the pseudo-first and pseudo-second order kinetic models, and was monolayer and inhomogeneous. SEM-EDS, XPS and ATR-FTIR analyses demonstrated that the physical adsorption dominated the adsorption process. Especially, the highest adsorption capacity of Cr(VI) by polyamide (PA) MPs was attributed to their hydrophilic amide groups. However, Cr(VI) was only released from PA MPs, of which desorption rate followed the sequence of seawater (79.5 %) > fresh water (66.6 %) > deionized water (34.8 %). Thus, PA MPs might be non-negligible environmental vectors for the transport of Cr(VI).


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Polietileno , Plásticos , Nylons , Polipropilenos , Adsorção , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 145(1): 697-705, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36573894

RESUMO

Semi-aromatic polyamides (SAPs) synthesized from petrochemical diacids and diamines are high-performance polymers that often derive their desirable properties from a high degree of crystallinity. Attempts to develop partially renewable SAPs by replacing petrochemical diacids with biobased furan-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (FDCA) have resulted in amorphous materials or polymers with low melting temperatures. Herein, we report the development of poly(5-aminomethyl-2-furoic acid) (PAMF), a semicrystalline SAP synthesized by the polycondensation of CO2 and lignocellulose-derived monomer 5-aminomethyl-2-furoic acid (AMF). PAMF has glass-transition and melting temperatures comparable to that of commercial materials and higher than that of any previous furanic SAP. Additionally, PAMF can be copolymerized with conventional nylon 6 and is chemically recyclable. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations suggest that differences in intramolecular hydrogen bonding explain why PAMF is semicrystalline but many FDCA-based SAPs are not.


Assuntos
Ácidos Dicarboxílicos , Nylons , Nylons/química , Ácidos Dicarboxílicos/química , Temperatura
17.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 39(1): 32, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462123

RESUMO

Given the environmental burden of textile industry, especially of dyeing processes and the volume of synthetic dyes and surfactants, the intensive development of the greener approaches is under way. Herein, an environmentaly-friendly dyeing of polyamide (PA) and PA/Elastane (PA/EA) knits using live bacterial approach in water environment, completely eliminating usage of textile auxiliaries is described. A total of 12 pigment-producing Streptomyces strains were isolated and purified from soil and rizoshere or bark of smoke tree Cotinus coggygria samples. The antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic effects of crude bacterial extracts were tested. Antimicrobial effect was obtained by the majority of extracts but only two streptomycetes extracts, 11-5 and BPS51, showed moderate cytotoxicity against HaCaT human cell line. This was the reason to select 11-5 and BPS51 strains for the dyeing of the textile materials. Excellent properties of dyeing wool, silk and PA are achieved initially using live cultures, and the bioprocess is optimized on commercial PA and PA/EA knits used for stockings production. Satisfactory coloration of both knits is achieved with dynamic conditions (culture shaking at 180 rpm over 5-14 days at 30 ºC) giving the best coloration results, except in the case of the PA sample dyed with a bacterial strain 11-5. The prolongation of dyeing time leads to higher color yields independently of fabric and bacteria strain. Although the color differences between the samples before and after washing are observed, washing fastness after three washing cycles can be considered as satisfactory.


Assuntos
Nylons , Streptomyces , Humanos , Animais , Nylons/farmacologia , Corantes , Poliuretanos , Extratos Vegetais
18.
Nagoya J Med Sci ; 84(4): 762-771, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544600

RESUMO

This study sought to establish an experimental aneurysm model of visualizing coil insertion using radiolucent nylon coils. Moreover, this study aimed to clarify the characteristics and differences of each coil and use them clinically as indices of coil selection. The coil insertion test was performed on the 10 mm spherical silicone aneurysm model filled to a nylon coil volume embolization ratio of 11.8%. Five types of coil were randomly tested six times, and the distribution of the coils was analyzed by fluoroscopy imaging. Indices of "Area (mm2)," "Feret's diameter (mm)," and "Circularity" were calculated from the fluoroscopic images. Among the indices, only "Area" showed a significant difference between coils (p = 0.002). On multivariate analysis, "Area" of the ED Infini was larger than those of Target XL soft and Galaxy G3 (p = 0.018 and 0.026, respectively). Furthermore, the area of the 360 soft was larger than that of G3 (p = 0.049). Analysis of the correlation between these values and the coil configuration showed that "Area" was negatively correlated with the stock-wire diameter (r = -0.50; p = 0.004) and primary coil configuration (r = -0.65; p < 0.001). When inserting the coils in the early stage, although the difference between each coil is relatively difficult to obtain, knowledge on the proper use of the coils with differences in characteristics can help in selecting the coil most appropriate for the conditions.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Nylons , Desenho de Equipamento , Prótese Vascular , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos
19.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 1113, 2022 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The nanohydroxyapatite/polyamide 66 (n-HA/PA66) cage, a bioactive nonmetal cage, is fabricated in a hollow cylindrical shape and has been widely used for decades with good clinical outcomes for anterior cervical fusion. However, there remain some radiological complications, such as a slightly high subsidence rate. To improve the clinical outcomes, the improved n-HA/PA66 cage now has been developed into a trapezoidal and wedge shape, a better biomechanical shape matching the cervical spine that is similar to that of the PEEK cage. However, there have been no long-term comparisons of the improved n-HA/PA66 cage and PEEK cage in anterior cervical reconstruction. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients who underwent single-level anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) with the improved n-HA/PA66 cage (n-HA/PA66 group) were matched with patients with the PEEK cage (PEEK group) by clinical presentation, segment, age and sex. All patients underwent a minimum of 6 years of follow-up. The radiographic parameters (cage subsidence, fusion status, cervical lordosis, and segmental sagittal alignment) and clinical parameters (10-point visual analogue scale, Neck Disability Index and Japanese Orthopedic Association scores) from patients were evaluated before surgery, immediately after surgery, and at the latest follow-up. RESULTS: The n-HA/PA66 and PEEK groups were well matched in terms of clinical presentation, segment, age, and sex at surgery. The n-HA/PA66 and PEEK cages had similar fusion rates at 6 months postoperatively (n-HA/PA66: 58.6% vs. PEEK: 51.7%, P = 0.455) and at the last follow-up (n-HA/PA66: 96.6% vs. PEEK: 93.1%, P = 0.402). The respective cage subsidence rates in the n-HA/PA66 and PEEK groups were 6.9 and 12.1% (P = 0.342). The correction of SA was similar between the groups at the final follow-up (n-HA/PA66: 4.29 ± 1.99 vs. PEEK: 3.99 ± 2.59 P = 0.464). There were no significant differences between the two groups in mean cervical lordosis, visual analogue scale scores of the neck and arm, NDI scores, JOA scores or patients' overall satisfaction at the final follow-up. CONCLUSION: After single-level ACDF, the improved n-HA/PA66 cage had similar excellent results in both radiological and clinical outcomes compared with the PEEK cage over 6 years of follow-up. According to these results, the improved n-HA/PA66 cage and the PEEK cage could be comparable for ACDF.


Assuntos
Lordose , Fusão Vertebral , Humanos , Seguimentos , Nylons , Resultado do Tratamento , Lordose/diagnóstico por imagem , Lordose/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Discotomia/métodos , Polietilenoglicóis , Cetonas
20.
Langmuir ; 38(51): 16094-16103, 2022 12 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512334

RESUMO

N-Oxide zwitterionic polyethyleneimine (ZPEI), a new kind of aqueous phase monomer synthesized by commercially branched polyethyleneimine (PEI) via oxidation reaction, was prepared for fabrication of thin-film composite (TFC) polyamide membranes via interfacial polymerization. The main factors, including the monomer concentration and immersion time of the aqueous phase and organic phase, were investigated. Compared with PEI-TFC membranes, the obtained optimal defect-free ZPEI-TFC membranes exhibited a lower roughness (3.3 ± 0.3 nm), a better surface hydrophilicity, and a smaller pore size (238 Da of MWCO). The positively charged ZPEI-TFC membranes (isoelectric point at pH 8.05) showed higher rejections toward both divalent cationic (MgCl2, 93.0%) and anionic (Na2SO4, 96.1%) salts with a water permeation flux of up to 81.0 L·m-2·h-1 at 6 bar, which surpassed currently reported membranes. More importantly, mainly owing to N-oxide zwitterion with strong hydration capability, ZPEI-TFC membranes displayed a high flux recovery ratio (97.0%) toward a model protein contaminant (bovine serum albumin), indicating good anti-fouling properties. Therefore, the novel N-oxide zwitterion functionalized positively charged nanofiltration membranes provide an alternative for water desalination and sewage reclamation.


Assuntos
Nylons , Óxidos , Nylons/química , Polietilenoimina , Membranas Artificiais , Água/química
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