Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.534
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 20946, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470960

RESUMO

To compare the behavioral roles of biogenic amines in the males of primitive and advanced eusocial bees, we determined the levels of dopamine- and octopamine-related substances in the brain, and the behavioral effects of these monoamines by drug injection in the primitive eusocial bumble bee, Bombus ignitus. The levels of dopamine and its precursors in the brain peaked at the late pupal stage, but the dopamine peak extended to adult emergence. The tyramine and octopamine levels increased from the mid-pupal to adult stages. The locomotor and flight activities, and light preference increased with age. Injection of octopamine and its receptor antagonist had significant effects on the locomotor and flight activities, whereas dopamine injection did not, indicating that these activities can be regulated by the octopaminergic system. We also determined the dynamics of dopamine-related substances in honey bee (Apis mellifera) drones. The changes in the dopamine level in the brains of honey bee drones exhibited two peaks from the pupal to adult stages, whereas the bumble bee males had only one peak. These are consistent with the behavioral functions of dopamine in honey bee drones and ineffectiveness of dopamine injection at the adult stage in bumble bee males.


Assuntos
Dopamina , Octopamina , Masculino , Animais , Abelhas , Octopamina/farmacologia , Dopamina/farmacologia , Aminas Biogênicas , Tiramina/farmacologia , Encéfalo
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36498840

RESUMO

Octopamine (OA) is structurally and functionally similar to adrenaline/noradrenaline in vertebrates, and OA modulates diverse physiological and behavioral processes in invertebrates. OA exerts its actions by binding to specific octopamine receptors (OARs). Functional and pharmacological characterization of OARs have been investigated in several insects. However, the literature on OARs is scarce for parasitoids. Here we cloned three ß-adrenergic-like OARs (CcOctßRs) from Cotesia chilonis. CcOctßRs share high similarity with their own orthologous receptors. The transcript levels of CcOctßRs were varied in different tissues. When heterologously expressed in CHO-K1 cells, CcOctßRs induced cAMP production, and were dose-dependently activated by OA, TA and putative octopaminergic agonists. Their activities were inhibited by potential antagonists and were most efficiently blocked by epinastine. Our study offers important information about the molecular and pharmacological properties of ß-adrenergic-like OARs from C. chilonis that will provide the basis to reveal the contribution of individual receptors to the physiological processes and behaviors in parasitoids.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Receptores de Amina Biogênica , Animais , Adrenérgicos , Receptores de Amina Biogênica/metabolismo , Octopamina/farmacologia , Octopamina/metabolismo
3.
Biol Lett ; 18(11): 20220280, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36448293

RESUMO

Bodyguard manipulation is a behavioural manipulation in which the host's behaviour is altered to protect the inducer's offspring from imminent biotic threats. The behaviour of a post-parasitoid-egressed host resembles a quiescence state with a characteristic reduction in motor activities like feeding, locomotion, respiration, and metabolic rate. Yet, they respond aggressively through a defensive response when disturbed, which ensures better fitness for the parasitoid's offspring. The behavioural changes in the parasitized host appear after the parasitoid egression. Several hypotheses have been proposed to elucidate how the parasitized host's behaviour is manipulated for the fitness benefits of the inducers, but the exact mechanism is still unknown. We review evidence to explain the behavioural changes and their mechanism in the parasitized hosts. The evidence suggests that parasitoid pre-pupal egression may drive the host to stress-induced sleep. The elevated octopamine concentration also reflects the stress response in the host. Given the theoretical links between the behavioural and the physiological changes in the post-parasitoid-egressed host and stress-induced sleep of other invertebrates, we suggest that behavioural studies combined with functional genomics, proteomics, and histological analyses might give a better understanding of bodyguard manipulation.


Assuntos
Respiração , Sono , Animais , Octopamina , Locomoção , Pupa
4.
Biomolecules ; 12(10)2022 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36291716

RESUMO

Stereoselectivity is well known and very pronounced in drug metabolism and receptor binding. However, much less is known about stereoselectivity in drug membrane transport. Here, we characterized the stereoselective cell uptake of chiral phenylethylamine derivatives by human monoamine transporters (NET, DAT, and SERT) and organic cation transporters (OCT1, OCT2, and OCT3). Stereoselectivity differed extensively between closely related transporters. High-affinity monoamine transporters (MATs) showed up to 2.4-fold stereoselective uptake of norepinephrine and epinephrine as well as of numerous analogs. While NET and DAT preferentially transported (S)-norepinephrine, SERT preferred the (R)-enantiomer. In contrast, NET and DAT showed higher transport for (R)-epinephrine and SERT for (S)-epinephrine. Generally, MAT stereoselectivity was lower than expected from their high affinity to several catecholamines and from the high stereoselectivity of some inhibitors used as antidepressants. Additionally, the OCTs differed strongly in their stereoselectivity. While OCT1 showed almost no stereoselective uptake, OCT2 was characterized by a roughly 2-fold preference for most (R)-enantiomers of the phenylethylamines. In contrast, OCT3 transported norphenylephrine and phenylephrine with 3.9-fold and 3.3-fold preference for their (R)-enantiomers, respectively, while the para-hydroxylated octopamine and synephrine showed no stereoselective OCT3 transport. Altogether, our data demonstrate that stereoselectivity is highly transporter-to-substrate specific and highly diverse even between homologous transporters.


Assuntos
Octopamina , Transportador 1 de Cátions Orgânicos , Humanos , Transportador 1 de Cátions Orgânicos/metabolismo , Sinefrina , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Cátions/metabolismo , Norepinefrina , Epinefrina , Fenilefrina , Catecolaminas
5.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 130: 22-30, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084884

RESUMO

Octopamine and Tyramine are biogenic amines that have been demonstrated to play an important immunological role in white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. G protein-coupled receptors, known as seven-transmembrane domain receptors, are a variety of neurotransmitter receptors which are sensitive to biogenic amines for initiating the cell signaling pathway. In present study, we cloned and characterized an octopamine/tyramine receptor (LvOA/TA-R) from the hemocytes of L. vannamei, with a 1194 b.p. open reading frame that encodes 398 amino acids. Several bioinformatics analyses indicated that LvOA/TA-R had seven conserved hydrophobic transmembrane domains. The phylogenetic analysis and multiple sequence alignment indicated that LvOA/TA-R was orthologous to the OA/TA receptor of tiger shrimp, P. monodon. LvOA/TA-R was expressed in hemocytes and nervous tissue including circumoesphageal connective tissue and the thoracic and abdominal ganglia. Significant increases in LvOA/TA-R occurred in hemocytes of L. vannamei under Vibrio alginolyticus infection within 30-60 min of infection. Here, we demonstrated that LvOA/TA-R expression is upregulated in response to Vibrio alginolyticus infection and appears to be functionally responsible for the observed immune response. These results suggest that LvOA/TA-R mediates regulation of immunity, which promotes the resistance of L. vannamei to V. alginolyticus.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Vibrioses , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Animais , Hemócitos , Imunidade Inata/genética , Octopamina/metabolismo , Filogenia , Receptores de Amina Biogênica , Receptores de Neurotransmissores/metabolismo , Tiramina , Vibrio alginolyticus/fisiologia
6.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4476, 2022 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35918358

RESUMO

Making the appropriate responses to predation risk is essential for the survival of an organism; however, the underlying mechanisms are still largely unknown. Here, we find that Drosophila has evolved an adaptive strategy to manage the threat from its parasitoid wasp by manipulating the oviposition behavior. Through perception of the differences in host search performance of wasps, Drosophila is able to recognize younger wasps as a higher level of threat and consequently depress the oviposition. We further show that this antiparasitoid behavior is mediated by the regulation of the expression of Tdc2 and Tßh in the ventral nerve cord via LC4 visual projection neurons, which in turn leads to the dramatic reduction in octopamine and the resulting dysfunction of mature follicle trimming and rupture. Our study uncovers a detailed mechanism underlying the defensive behavior in insects that may advance our understanding of predator avoidance in animals.


Assuntos
Drosophila , Vespas , Animais , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita , Neurônios , Octopamina , Oviposição/fisiologia , Vespas/fisiologia
7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 14024, 2022 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35982189

RESUMO

The biogenic amine octopamine (OA) orchestrates many behavioural processes in insects. OA mediates its function by binding to OA receptors belonging to the G protein-coupled receptors superfamily. Despite the potential relevance of OA, our knowledge about the role of each octopaminergic receptor and how signalling through these receptors controls locomotion still limited. In this study, RNA interference (RNAi) was used to knockdown each OA receptor type in almost all Drosophila melanogaster tissues using a tubP-GAL4 driver to investigate the loss of which receptor affects the climbing ability of adult flies. The results demonstrated that although all octopaminergic receptors are involved in normal negative geotaxis but OctαR-deficient flies had impaired climbing ability more than those deficient in other OA receptors. Mutation in OA receptors coding genes develop weak climbing behaviour. Directing knockdown of octαR either in muscular system or nervous system or when more specifically restricted to motor and gravity sensing neurons result in similar impaired climbing phenotype, indicating that within Drosophila legs, OA through OctαR orchestrated the nervous system control and muscular tissue responses. OctαR-deficient adult males showed morphometric changes in the length and width of leg parts. Leg parts morphometric changes were also observed in Drosophila mutant in OctαR. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the leg muscles OctαR-deficient flies have severe ultrastructural changes compared to those of control flies indicating the role played by OctαR signalling in normal muscular system development. The severe impairment in the climbing performance of OctαR-deficient flies correlates well with the completely distorted leg muscle ultrastructure in these flies. Taken together, we could conclude that OA via OctαR plays an important multifactorial role in controlling locomotor activity of Drosophila.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Drosophila , Drosophila melanogaster , Animais , Drosophila/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Masculino , Octopamina/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
8.
Curr Biol ; 32(18): 4048-4056.e3, 2022 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35914533

RESUMO

Chronic, uncontrollable stress can result in psychiatric syndromes, including anxiety and major depressive disorder, in humans and mammalian disease models.1,2 Similarly, several days of chronic stress can induce depression-associated behavioral alteration in Drosophila accompanied by changes in biogenic amine levels in the adult brain.3-6 In our chronic stress paradigm, flies are subjected to 3 days of repetitive phases of 300 Hz vibrations combined with overcrowding and food deprivation. This treatment reduces voluntary behavioral activity, including the motivation to climb wide gaps (risk taking) and to stop for sweets (anhedonia), suggesting a depression-like state (DLS). These behavioral changes correlate with decreased serotonin release to the mushroom body (MB), a major behavioral control center in the central brain of the fly.7,8 Stressed flies are relieved from the DLS by feeding the anti-depressant serotonin precursor 5-HTP or the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine. Notably, feeding sucrose to stressed flies results in elevated serotonin levels in the brain and ameliorates the DLS.3 Here, we show that this sugar relief is mediated by the neurotransmitter octopamine signaled from ventral unpaired medial neurons located in the subesophageal ganglion. The octopamine signaling of sweet sensation is transmitted to the MB via the dopaminergic PAM neurons. In addition, neuronal-silencing experiments reveal that the serotonergic dorsal paired medial (DPM) neurons innervating the MB are essential for sugar relief. Conversely, thermogenetic or optogenetic activation of DPMs can replace sweet sensation, elucidating that serotonergic signaling from DPMs takes part in positively modulating DLS-related behavioral changes.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Octopamina , 5-Hidroxitriptofano , Animais , Depressão , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos , Drosophila , Fluoxetina , Humanos , Mamíferos , Serotonina/fisiologia , Succinimidas , Sacarose , Açúcares
9.
Insect Mol Biol ; 31(5): 647-658, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35652818

RESUMO

The biosynthesis and termination of insect sex pheromones should be accurately regulated. In most moths, the biosynthesis and release of sex pheromones are regulated by a class of neuropeptides known as pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptides (PBANs). However, endogenous mechanisms underlying the termination of sex pheromone biosynthesis in moths remain elusive. In the present study, Helicoverpa armigera was employed as a model to investigate the role of octopamine (OA) in the inhibition of sex pheromone biosynthesis. Results demonstrated that the release of sex pheromones decreased with an increase in OA titres in older female moths. Moreover, OA treatment led to a significant decrease in sex pheromone production, female capability to attract male counterparts and subsequent female acceptance, indicating its inhibitory role in sex pheromone release. Subsequent qPCR and RNAi analyses revealed that OctßR was a key receptor of OA that regulated sex pheromone biosynthesis. In addition, the OA/OctßR signal suppressed intracellular Ca2+ levels and attenuated PBAN-mediated increase in the enzyme activities of calcineurin and acetyl-CoA carboxylase as demonstrated by OA treatment and OctßR-RNAi. Altogether, these results revealed a mechanism underlying the inhibition of sex pheromone production by OA via suppression of PBAN signalling in moths.


Assuntos
Mariposas , Neuropeptídeos , Atrativos Sexuais , Animais , Calcineurina , Feminino , Masculino , Mariposas/genética , Neuropeptídeos/genética , Octopamina
10.
J Chem Ecol ; 48(7-8): 628-640, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35687218

RESUMO

The neuro-mechanisms that regulate insect reproduction are not fully understood. Biogenic amines, including octopamine, are neuromodulators that have been shown to modulate insect reproduction in various ways, e.g., promote or inhibit insect mating or oviposition. In this study, we examined the role of octopamine in regulating the reproduction behaviors of a devastating underground insect pest, the dark black chafer (Holotrichia parallela). We first measured the abundance of octopamine in different neural tissues of the adult chafer pre- and post-mating, demonstrating that octopamine decreased in the abdominal ganglia of females but increased in males post-mating. We then fed the adult H. parallela with a concentration gradient of octopamine to test the effects on insect reproductive behaviors. Compared with its antagonist mianserin, octopamine at the concentration of 2 µg/mL resulted in the highest increase in males' preference for sex pheromone and females' oviposition, whereas the mianserin-treatment increased the survival rate and prolonged the lifespan of H. parallela. In addition, we did not observe significant differences in egg hatchability between octopamine and mianserin-treated H. parallela. Our results demonstrated that octopamine promotes H. parallela mating and oviposition with a clear low dosage effect, illustrated how neural substrates modulate insect behaviors, and provided insights for applying octopamine in pest management.


Assuntos
Besouros , Octopamina , Animais , Besouros/fisiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Mianserina , Octopamina/farmacologia , Oviposição , Reprodução
11.
BMC Res Notes ; 15(1): 211, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725629

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Group-living plays a key role in the success of many insects, but the mechanisms underlying group formation and maintenance are poorly understood. Here we use the masked birch caterpillar, Drepana arcuata, to explore genetic influences on social grouping. These larvae predictably transition from living in social groups to living solitarily during the 3rd instar of development. Our previous study showed a notable shift in the D. arcuata transcriptome that correlates with the transition from grouping to solitary behavior. We noted that one differentially regulated gene, octopamine receptor gene (DaOAR), is a prominent 'social' gene in other insect species, prompting us to test the hypothesis that DaOAR influences grouping behavior in D. arcuata. This was done using RNA interference (RNAi) methods by feeding second instar larvae synthetic dsRNAs. RESULTS: RT-qPCR analysis confirmed a significant reduction in DaOAR transcript abundance in dsRNA-fed larvae compared to controls. Behavioral trials showed that caterpillars with reduced transcript abundance of DaOAR remained solitary throughout the observation period compared to controls. These results provide evidence that regulation of the octopamine receptor gene influences social grouping in D. arcuata, and that specifically, a decrease in octopamine receptor expression triggers the larval transition from social to solitary.


Assuntos
Octopamina , Receptores de Amina Biogênica , Animais , Betula , Larva/genética , Interferência de RNA , RNA de Cadeia Dupla , Receptores de Amina Biogênica/genética
12.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 49: 529-535, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35623862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Clinicians who understand how the body responds to exercise, how aerobic training enhances cardiovascular fitness and the benefits and essentials of prescribing aerobic exercise can effectively encourage patients to be active. Deep-frying is a standard cooking method accompanied by the production of carcinogenesis substances such as acrolein. Acrolein is a toxic byproduct of lipid peroxidation involved in the development of pulmonary, cardiac, and neurodegenerative diseases. This study aimed to explore the effect of aerobic exercise (E.X.E.), and octopamine (OCT) on caspase three expression levels in the heart tissue of rats were fed deep-frying oil (D.F.O.). METHODS: 30 male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups (n = 6 in each) including (1) control (CO), (2) deep-frying oil (DFO), (3) deep-frying oil + exercise (DFO + EXE), (4) deep-frying oil + octopamine (DFO + OCT), and (5) deep-frying oil + exercise + octopamine (DFO + EXE + OCT). The apoptotic effects of D.F.O. in heart tissue were examined by TUNEL assay. Masson's trichrome stain was used to study cardiomyocytic fibers. Moreover, caspase three gene expression in all groups was evaluated using quantitative real-time PCR and the Western blot method. RESULTS: Data showed a significant increase in apoptotic cells in the D.F.O. group (P < 0.05). In Masson's Trichrome stain analysis, more cardiomyocytic fibers degradation and lymphocytic aggregation cells in the DFO + EXE + OCT group significantly improve this degradation. Also, the expression level of caspase 3 was significantly decreased in the DFO + EXE + OCT group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: According to the result of the current study, it can be assumed that D.F.O. can lead to programmed cell death via the activation of caspases in heart tissue. However, it seems that aerobic exercise with octopamine supplementation improves heart tissue function by inhibiting the expression of caspase 3 and pro-caspase 3, leading to a significantly decreased apoptosis in cardiomyocytes of DFO-treated models.


Assuntos
Caspases , Octopamina , Acroleína , Animais , Apoptose , Caspase 3/genética , Suplementos Nutricionais , Humanos , Masculino , Miócitos Cardíacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
13.
Nutrients ; 14(10)2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35631305

RESUMO

Obesity treatment efficiency can be increased by targeting both central and peripheral pathways. In a previous study, we identified two natural compounds (hispidulin and p-synephrine) that affect adipocyte differentiation. We tested whether obesity treatment efficiency may be improved by adding an appetite-controlling agent to the treatment in the present study. Alkaloids, such as p-octopamine, are adrenergic agonists and are thus used as dietary supplements to achieve weight loss. Here, we assessed anti-obesity effects of a mixture of p-synephrine, p-octopamine HCl, and hispidulin (SOH) on murine preadipocyte cells and on mice receiving a high-fat diet (HFD). SOH showed stronger inhibition of the formation of red-stained lipid droplets than co-treatment with hispidulin and p-synephrine. Moreover, SOH reduced the expression of adipogenic marker proteins, including CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma. In the HFD-induced obesity model, body weight and dietary intake were lower in mice treated with SOH than in the controls. Additionally, liver weight and the levels of alanine aminotransferase and total cholesterol were lower in SOH-treated mice than in the controls. In conclusion, our results suggest that consumption of SOH may be a potential alternative strategy to counteract obesity.


Assuntos
Fármacos Antiobesidade , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Animais , Fármacos Antiobesidade/farmacologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Flavonas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/metabolismo , Octopamina , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Sinefrina
14.
Horm Behav ; 143: 105191, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533572

RESUMO

Secondary sexual displays vary considerably in both type and structure both within and across animal species. Although such variation is of keen interest to evolutionary biologists, the functional factors driving variation in male displays are poorly understood. In crickets, acoustic calls are produced by muscular contractions via stridulation of file and scraper wing components. We tested the effect of varying octopamine, an important biogenic amine neurohormone in invertebrates, on call production in male Acheta domesticus house crickets by blocking the octopamine receptors that influence skeletal muscle function with epinastine, a synthetic octopamine antagonist. We then measured male courtship calls and analyzed the call structure to quantify the differences in call structure based on the changes in carrier frequency, and whether chirps or ticks are a more prevalently expressed frequency in treated vs untreated males. Males treated with epinastine exhibited clear differences in call structure compared to untreated controls, such that epinastine-treated males were more likely to produce simpler calls and to exhibit their carrier frequencies as ticks rather than chirps. Thus, we were able to directly modify male courtship calling performance during mating interactions by altering the neuropharmacological milieu, demonstrating the potential role of biogenic amines in contributing to the diversity of call types in nature.


Assuntos
Corte , Gryllidae , Acústica , Animais , Masculino , Octopamina/farmacologia , Comportamento Sexual Animal , Asas de Animais/fisiologia
15.
Genes Brain Behav ; 21(6): e12807, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35411674

RESUMO

Octopamine regulates various physiological phenomena including memory, sleep, grooming and aggression in insects. In Drosophila, four types of octopamine receptors have been identified: Oamb, Oct/TyrR, OctßR and Octα2R. Among these receptors, Octα2R was recently discovered and pharmacologically characterized. However, the effects of the receptor on biological functions are still unknown. Here, we showed that Octα2R regulated several behaviors related to octopamine signaling. Octα2R hypomorphic mutant flies showed a significant decrease in locomotor activity. We found that Octα2R expressed in the pars intercerebralis, which is a brain region projected by octopaminergic neurons, is involved in control of the locomotor activity. Besides, Octα2R hypomorphic mutants increased time and frequency of grooming and inhibited starvation-induced hyperactivity. These results indicated that Octα2R expressed in the central nervous system is responsible for the involvement in physiological functions.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Drosophila , Drosophila melanogaster , Adrenérgicos/farmacologia , Animais , Drosophila , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Octopamina/farmacologia , Receptores de Amina Biogênica
16.
Elife ; 112022 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35289743

RESUMO

In times of environmental change species have two options to survive: they either relocate to a new habitat or they adapt to the altered environment. Adaptation requires physiological plasticity and provides a selection benefit. In this regard, the Western honeybee (Apis mellifera) protrudes with its thermoregulatory capabilities, which enables a nearly worldwide distribution. Especially in the cold, shivering thermogenesis enables foraging as well as proper brood development and thus survival. In this study, we present octopamine signaling as a neurochemical prerequisite for honeybee thermogenesis: we were able to induce hypothermia by depleting octopamine in the flight muscles. Additionally, we could restore the ability to increase body temperature by administering octopamine. Thus, we conclude that octopamine signaling in the flight muscles is necessary for thermogenesis. Moreover, we show that these effects are mediated by ß octopamine receptors. The significance of our results is highlighted by the fact the respective receptor genes underlie enormous selective pressure due to adaptation to cold climates. Finally, octopamine signaling in the service of thermogenesis might be a key strategy to survive in a changing environment.


Assuntos
Regulação da Temperatura Corporal , Octopamina , Adaptação Fisiológica , Animais , Abelhas , Temperatura Corporal , Octopamina/fisiologia , Termogênese
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(3)2022 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35163598

RESUMO

Biogenic amines constitute an important group of neuroactive substances that control and modulate various neural circuits. These small organic compounds engage members of the guanine nucleotide-binding protein coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily to evoke specific cellular responses. In addition to dopamine- and 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptors, arthropods express receptors that are activated exclusively by tyramine and octopamine. These phenolamines functionally substitute the noradrenergic system of vertebrates Octopamine receptors that are the focus of this study are classified as either α- or ß-adrenergic-like. Knowledge on these receptors is scarce for the American cockroach (Periplaneta americana). So far, only an α-adrenergic-like octopamine receptor that primarily causes Ca2+ release from intracellular stores has been studied from the cockroach (PaOctα1R). Here we succeeded in cloning a gene from cockroach brain tissue that encodes a ß-adrenergic-like receptor and leads to cAMP production upon activation. Notably, the receptor is 100-fold more selective for octopamine than for tyramine. A series of synthetic antagonists selectively block receptor activity with epinastine being the most potent. Bioinformatics allowed us to identify a total of 19 receptor sequences that build the framework of the biogenic amine receptor clade in the American cockroach. Phylogenetic analyses using these sequences and receptor sequences from model organisms showed that the newly cloned gene is an ß2-adrenergic-like octopamine receptor. The functional characterization of PaOctß2R and the bioinformatics data uncovered that the monoaminergic receptor family in the hemimetabolic P. americana is similarly complex as in holometabolic model insects like Drosophila melanogaster and the honeybee, Apis mellifera. Thus, investigating these receptors in detail may contribute to a better understanding of monoaminergic signaling in insect behavior and physiology.


Assuntos
Adenilil Ciclases , Sinalização do Cálcio , Proteínas de Insetos , Periplaneta , Receptores de Amina Biogênica , Adenilil Ciclases/genética , Adenilil Ciclases/metabolismo , Animais , AMP Cíclico/genética , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Octopamina/metabolismo , Periplaneta/genética , Periplaneta/metabolismo , Receptores de Amina Biogênica/genética , Receptores de Amina Biogênica/metabolismo
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(2)2022 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35055194

RESUMO

In this contribution, four new compounds synthesized from 4-hydroxycoumarin and tyramine/octopamine/norepinephrine/3-methoxytyramine are characterized spectroscopically (IR and NMR), chromatographically (UHPLC-DAD), and structurally at the B3LYP/6-311++G*(d,p) level of theory. The crystal structure of the 4-hydroxycoumarin-octopamine derivative was solved and used as a starting geometry for structural optimization. Along with the previously obtained 4-hydroxycoumarin-dopamine derivative, the intramolecular interactions governing the stability of these compounds were quantified by NBO and QTAIM analyses. Condensed Fukui functions and the HOMO-LUMO gap were calculated and correlated with the number and position of OH groups in the structures. In vitro cytotoxicity experiments were performed to elucidate the possible antitumor activity of the tested substances. For this purpose, four cell lines were selected, namely human colon cancer (HCT-116), human adenocarcinoma (HeLa), human breast cancer (MDA-MB-231), and healthy human lung fibroblast (MRC-5) lines. A significant selectivity towards colorectal carcinoma cells was observed. Molecular docking and molecular dynamics studies with carbonic anhydrase, a prognostic factor in several cancers, complemented the experimental results. The calculated MD binding energies coincided well with the experimental activity, and indicated 4-hydroxycoumarin-dopamine and 4-hydroxycoumarin-3-methoxytyramine as the most active compounds. The ecotoxicology assessment proved that the obtained compounds have a low impact on the daphnia, fish, and green algae population.


Assuntos
4-Hidroxicumarinas/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias/enzimologia , Neurotransmissores/química , 4-Hidroxicumarinas/química , 4-Hidroxicumarinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HCT116 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Octopamina/química , Difração de Raios X
19.
J Insect Physiol ; 137: 104360, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35041846

RESUMO

Rapid cold hardening (RCH) is a short-term hormesis that occurs in many invertebrate species, especially in insects. Although RCH is best known as enhancing cold tolerance, it can also enhance anoxic tolerance. When exposed to prolonged anoxia, insects enter a reversible coma, which is associated with spreading depolarization (SD) in the central nervous system (CNS). In this study, we investigated the effects of RCH and octopamine (OA) on anoxia-induced SD in L. migratoria. OA is an insect stress hormone that has roles in many physiological processes. Thus, we hypothesized that OA is involved in the mechanism of RCH. First, we found that RCH affects the K+ sensitivity of the locust blood brain barrier (BBB) in a way similar to the previously described effects of OA. Next, using SD as an indicator of anoxia-induced coma, we took a pharmacological approach to investigate the effects of OA and epinastine (EP), an octopaminergic receptor (OctR) antagonist. We found that OA mimics, whereas EP blocks, the effect of RCH on anoxia-induced SD. This study demonstrates that OA is involved in the mechanism of RCH in delaying the onset of anoxia-induced locust coma and contributes to determining the mechanism of RCH that modulates insect stress tolerances.


Assuntos
Locusta migratoria , Aclimatação , Animais , Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo , Temperatura Baixa , Coma/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Locusta migratoria/fisiologia , Octopamina/metabolismo
20.
Nat Prod Res ; 36(14): 3610-3618, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459047

RESUMO

N-[(3-(3-methyl-1-oxo-butyl)amino)propyl]-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enamide (7), named 'Bassiamide A', a new alkaloid, together with six known compounds including one lignan (1) and five lignanamides (2-6), were isolated from the aerial parts of Bassia indica Wight. The study also reported an optimal separation of a rare occurring R-isomer lignanamide derivative (6) from a natural origin, in addition to its known corresponding S-isomer (5). Structures of isolated compounds were elucidated based on NMR spectroscopic data, HR-MS, and comparison with known related ones, and they were identified as syringaresinol (1), N-trans-feruloyl-3-methoxytyramine (2), N-trans-feruloyltyramine (3), S-(-)-N-trans-feruloyl normetanephrine (4), S-(-)-N-trans-feruloyl octopamine (5), R-(+)-N-trans-feruloyl octopamine (6). The isolated compounds were evaluated for their anti-acetylcholinesterase activity, and they showed weak inhibitory activity.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Chenopodiaceae , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Octopamina , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...