Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.051
Filtrar
1.
BMJ Open Ophthalmol ; 9(1)2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate and compare the efficacy and safety of first-line and second-line selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in Japanese patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). METHODS: 100 patients with NTG were enrolled in this study. Patients were treated with SLT as a first-line or second-line treatment for NTG. Main outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction rate, outflow pressure improvement rate (ΔOP), success rate at 1 year and complications. Success was defined as ΔOP≥20% (criterion A) or an IOP reduction ≥20% (criterion B) without additional IOP-lowering eye-drops, repeat SLT or additional glaucoma surgeries. The incidence of transient IOP spike (>5 mm Hg from the pretreatment IOP), conjunctival hyperaemia, inflammation in the anterior chamber and visual impairment due to SLT were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 99 patients (99 eyes) were initially enrolled in this study, including 74 eyes assigned to the first-line SLT group and 25 eyes to the second-line SLT group. The mean IOP of 16.3±2.1 mm Hg before SLT decreased by 17.1%±9.5% to 13.4±1.9 mm Hg at 12 months after SLT in the first-line group (p<0.001), and the mean IOP of 15.4±1.5 mm Hg before SLT decreased by 12.7%±9.7% to 13.2±2.0 mm Hg at 12 months after SLT (p=0.005) in the second-line group. Both groups showed significant reductions in IOP. Higher pre-SLT IOP and thinner central corneal thickness were associated with greater IOP reduction. The success rate at 1 year was higher in the first-line compared with the second-line group, with lower pretreatment IOP and the use of IOP-lowering medication before SLT being associated with treatment failure. Most post-treatment complications were minor and transient. CONCLUSIONS: SLT may be an effective and safe treatment option for NTG, as either a first-line or second-line treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: The study was registered in the UMIN-CTR (UMIN Test ID: UMIN R000044059).


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão , Hipotensão Ocular , Trabeculectomia , Humanos , Trabeculectomia/efeitos adversos , Pressão Intraocular , Glaucoma de Baixa Tensão/cirurgia , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Hipotensão Ocular/cirurgia , Câmara Anterior , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6112, 2024 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480777

RESUMO

Digital ocular massage has been reported to temporarily lower intraocular pressure (IOP). This could be related to an enhanced aqueous humor outflow; however, the mechanism is not clearly understood. Using anterior segment optical coherence tomography, the Schlemm's canal (SC) and trabecular meshwork (TM) can be imaged and measured. Here, 66 healthy adults underwent digital ocular massage for 10 min in their right eyes. The IOP and dimensions of the SC and TM were measured before and after ocular massage. All subjects demonstrated IOP reduction from 15.7 ± 2.5 mmHg at baseline to 9.6 ± 2.2 mmHg immediately after, and median of 11.6 mmHg 5-min after ocular massage (Friedman's test, p < 0.001). There was significant change in SC area (median 10,063.5 µm2 at baseline to median 10,151.0 µm2 after ocular massage, Wilcoxon test, p = 0.02), and TM thickness (median 149.8 µm at baseline to 144.6 ± 25.3 µm after ocular massage, Wilcoxon test, p = 0.036). One-third of the subjects demonstrated collapse of the SC area (-2 to -52%), while two-thirds showed expansion of the SC area (2 to 168%). There were no significant changes in SC diameter (270.4 ± 84.1 µm vs. 276.5 ± 68.7 µm, paired t-test, p = 0.499), and TM width (733.3 ± 110.1 µm vs. 733.5 ± 111.6 µm, paired t-test, p = 0.988). Eyes with a higher baseline IOP demonstrated a greater IOP reduction (Pearson correlation coefficient r = -0.521, p < 0.001). Eyes with smaller SC area at baseline showed greater SC area expansion (Pearson correlation coefficient = -0.389, p < 0.001). Greater IOP reduction appeared in eyes with greater SC area expansion (Pearson correlation coefficient r = -0.306, p = 0.01). Association between change in IOP and change in TM thickness was not significant (Spearman's ρ = 0.015, p = 0.902). Simple digital ocular massage is an effective method to lower IOP values, and change in the SC area was significantly associated with IOP changes.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Hipotensão Ocular , Adulto , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Canal de Schlemm , Esclera , Tonometria Ocular , Malha Trabecular , Glaucoma/terapia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Massagem
4.
BMJ Open Ophthalmol ; 9(1)2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: While intraocular pressure (IOP) remains the only modifiable risk factor for glaucoma progression, the ultimate goal of glaucoma management is to preserve patients' functional vision and quality of life. To this end, minimally invasive glaucoma surgeries (MIGSs) aim to reduce IOP with minimal eye trauma. Commonly used MIGS devices include iStent technologies, which have well-documented IOP-reducing potential and favourable safety profiles. However, no study concluded on their effect on the rates of visual field (VF) changes. The aim of this meta-analysis is to determine the long-term effect of iStent technology implantation on glaucoma functional progression. METHODS: Electronic medical literature databases were searched to identify studies reporting on iStent technologies. Reports with follow-up durations <12 months, retention rates <75% and missing VF data were excluded. Fifteen studies reporting on 1115 eyes were identified. The overall weighted mean VF mean deviation (MD) progression, IOP reduction and follow-up duration were calculated. RESULTS: Weighted mean IOP at baseline was 19.0±3.1 mm Hg. At the end of a 37.9-month mean follow-up (range 12-96 months), a weighted mean 26.6% IOP reduction was achieved (range 15.2%-42.3%). Over the same duration, the weighted mean VF MD progression rate was -0.02±0.34 dBs/year, from a mean baseline of -5.76±5.68 dBs. CONCLUSION: In this review, which examines functional stability of 1115 eyes, iStent technologies achieved a mean rate of progression of -0.024 dBs/year with serial standard automated perimetry, which is similar to that reported in non-glaucomatous eyes and slower than that reported in medically treated glaucoma.


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata , Glaucoma , Hipotensão Ocular , Humanos , Campos Visuais , Qualidade de Vida , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Pressão Intraocular , Hipotensão Ocular/cirurgia
5.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 88, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy (GATT) in Chinese patients with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) and identify factors influencing surgical success. METHODS: Fourteen patients (24 eyes) diagnosed with PCG who underwent gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy were recruited, and data on intraocular pressure (IOP), antiglaucoma medication, surgery-related complications, and additional treatments were collected during preoperative and postoperative visits. Surgical success was defined as IOP ≤ 21 mmHg and a reduction of > 30% from baseline, with (partial success) or without (complete success) antiglaucoma medication. RESULTS: Mean preoperative IOP was 30.41 ± 6.09 mmHg. At the final visit, mean IOP reduction was 16.1 ± 9.1 mmHg (52%), and 19 of 24 eyes were topical medication-free. IOP was significantly decreased at each postoperative visit compared with baseline (P < 0.05 for all time points). Cumulative proportions of complete and partial success were 79.2% and 95.8%, respectively, at three years postsurgery. Patients without prior antiglaucoma procedures, without postoperative IOP spikes, and those undergoing complete trabeculotomy exhibited improved surgical prognosis. No permanent vision-threatening complications occurred in the 24 eyes by the end of the respective follow-ups. CONCLUSION: Gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy emerged as a safe and effective procedure for PCG treatment, characterized by outstanding IOP reduction efficacy and high surgical success rates.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Hipotensão Ocular , Trabeculectomia , Humanos , Trabeculectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Seguimentos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Gonioscopia , Agentes Antiglaucoma , Pressão Intraocular
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4561, 2024 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402310

RESUMO

This paper evaluates the effectiveness and safety of XEN63 stent, either standalone or in combination with phacoemulsification, in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Eighty eyes from 80 patients with medically uncontrolled POAG were assigned to undergo XEN63 implant. The primary outcome was the surgical success, defined as an intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering from preoperative values ≥ 20% and an IOP absolute value between 6 and 18 mmHg, with or without antiglaucoma medications. Forty-three (53.7%) eyes underwent XEN63-standalone and 37(46.2%) eyes a XEN63 + Phacoemulsification procedure. Success rate was 68.8% (55/80) eyes in the overall study sample, 69.8% (30/43) eyes in the XEN63-standalone group; and 67.6% (25/37) eyes in the XEN63 + Phaco group (p = 0.6133). Preoperative IOP was significantly lowered from 22.1 ± 4.9 mmHg and 19.8 ± 3.7 mmHg to 14.7 ± 5.3 mmHg and 13.8 ± 3.4 mmHg in the XEN63-standalone and XEN63 + Phaco groups, respectively (p < 0.0001 each, respectively); without significant differences between them at any of the time-points measured. Preoperative number of ocular-hypotensive drugs was significantly reduced from 2.3 ± 0.8 to 0.3 ± 0.7 drugs, from 2.5 ± 0.7 to 0.3 ± 0.7 drugs; and from 2.0 ± 0.8 to 0.3 ± 0.7 drugs, in the overall, XEN63-standalone, and XEN63 + Phaco groups, respectively. Regarding safety, 3(42.5%) eyes had transient hypotony at some point during the study, although only in one (1.2%) eye was clinically significant. Four (5.0%) eyes underwent a needling, 4 (5.0%) eyes underwent surgical-bleb-revision, 1 (1.2%) eye required a device replacement and 1 (1.2%) eye a device removal due to maculopathy. XEN63, either alone or in combination with phacoemulsification, significantly lowered IOP and reduced the number of ocular hypotensive medications. The rate of ocular hypotony was relatively high, although it was clinically relevant only in one eye.


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Hipotensão Ocular , Facoemulsificação , Humanos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/tratamento farmacológico , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Pressão Intraocular , Tonometria Ocular , Facoemulsificação/efeitos adversos , Facoemulsificação/métodos , Anti-Hipertensivos/efeitos adversos
7.
J Glaucoma ; 33(5): e21-e23, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38194276

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This case report aims to describe a new method for increasing intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with acute hypotony resulting from uveitis flare-ups and preexisting glaucoma drainage devices. The temporary glaucoma tube plug method described is effective and safe. METHODS: This case report presents a 47-year-old female patient with a history of chronic panuveitis and secondary glaucoma, who had 2 previously implanted Ahmed glaucoma valves. The patient developed panuveitis flare-up and persistent hypotony. A novel method of ab interno plugging of the glaucoma tubes using 2-0 prolene suture plugs was performed. Following treatment, the IOP increased successfully and remained within the normal range. CONCLUSION: The temporary ab interno glaucoma tube plug method effectively increased IOP in a patient with 2 preimplanted Ahmed glaucoma valves with persistent low IOP due to uveitis.


Assuntos
Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma , Pressão Intraocular , Hipotensão Ocular , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Hipotensão Ocular/fisiopatologia , Hipotensão Ocular/etiologia , Hipotensão Ocular/diagnóstico , Hipotensão Ocular/cirurgia , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Glaucoma/fisiopatologia , Glaucoma/complicações , Implantação de Prótese , Tonometria Ocular , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Técnicas de Sutura
8.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 102(2): 179-185, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37278271

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term effect of laser trabeculoplasty (LTP) in patients randomized to multi-treatment in the Glaucoma Intensive Treatment Study (GITS). METHODS: Patients with untreated newly diagnosed open-angle glaucoma were treated with three intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering substances for 1 week and then 360° argon or selective LTP was performed. IOP was measured just before LTP and repeatedly during the 60-month study period. Our previous report on 12 months follow-up data revealed no effect of LTP in eyes having an IOP <15 mmHg before the laser treatment. RESULTS: Before LTP, the mean IOP ± standard deviation in all 152 study-eyes of 122 multi-treated patients was 14.0 ± 3.5 mmHg. Three eyes of three deceased patients were lost to follow-up during the 60 months. After exclusion of eyes that received increased therapy during follow-up, the IOP was significantly reduced at all visits up to 48 months in eyes with pre-LTP IOP ≥15 mmHg; 2.6 ± 3.1 mmHg at 1 month and 1.7 ± 2.8 mmHg at 48 months, n = 56 and 48, respectively. No significant IOP reduction was seen in eyes with pre-LTP IOP <15 mmHg. Seven eyes, i.e., <13%, with pre-LTP IOP ≥15 mmHg at baseline had required increased IOP-lowering therapy at 48 months. CONCLUSION: LTP performed in multi-treated patients may provide a useful IOP reduction that is maintained over several years. This was true on a group level when the initial IOP was ≥15 mmHg, but if the pre-laser IOP was lower than that, chances of LTP success were small.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Terapia a Laser , Hipotensão Ocular , Trabeculectomia , Humanos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Resultado do Tratamento , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Pressão Intraocular , Malha Trabecular/cirurgia , Hipotensão Ocular/cirurgia
9.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 262(2): 567-574, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37804451

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare clinical outcomes between gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy (GATT) and trabeculectomy (TRAB) in patients with advanced-stage pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PEXG). METHODS: This comparative study comprised 62 patients who underwent GATT (N = 31) or TRAB (N = 31) for advanced-stage PEXG. Primary outcome was cumulative probability of surgical success at the end of 12-month follow-up. Success was determined as intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction ≥ 30% from baseline, IOP between 6 and 18 mmHg and IOP upper limits for IOP < 15 mmHg and < 12 mmHg, separately. Secondary outcomes were IOP reduction, antiglaucoma medication (AGM) use, and complications in the study. RESULTS: Age, sex, cup/disc ratio, mean deviation, pattern standard deviation, and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness did not significantly differ between the groups (p > 0.05 for all). The probability of cumulative surgical success at the end of 12 months was similar between the two groups for IOP < 15 mmHg and < 18 mmHg but significantly higher after TRAB (92.0%) than GATT (82.5%) for IOP < 12 mmHg (log-rank test p = 0.035). Percentage of IOP reduction from baseline was similar between the groups (53.1 ± 18.6% in GATT group and 53.0 ± 16.6% in TRAB group, p = 0.98) at the end of 12 months. No significant difference in the mean number of AGM was present at the 12-month visit (1.3 ± 1.4 in GATT and 1.1 ± 1.4 in TRAB, p = 0.65). CONCLUSION: At the end of 12 months, IOP reduction rate was similar between GATT and TRAB. Cumulative surgical success was higher after TRAB than GATT for IOP < 12 mmHg.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Hipotensão Ocular , Trabeculectomia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Resultado do Tratamento , Gonioscopia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hipotensão Ocular/cirurgia
10.
Ophthalmol Glaucoma ; 7(2): 105-115, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37838088

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) is a first-line treatment for glaucoma and ocular hypertension. However, due to insufficient comparative evidence in efficacy and safety, several SLT treatment protocols are currently used in practice. The objective of this trial was to compare the clinical outcomes of the 4 most significant SLT variants. DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter, masked, randomized controlled trial (RCT). PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension. The cohort consisted of both treatment-naive patients and patients undergoing glaucoma treatment, at different stages of disease. METHODS: Selective laser trabeculoplasty was performed with 50 ± 5 laser spots in 180 degrees or with 100 ± 10 spots in 360 degrees. The laser power was titrated to either just below the cavitation bubble level ("standard energy") or to a level producing cavitation bubbles at 50% to 75% of laser applications ("high energy"). Thus, 4 different treatment protocols were included - 180/standard, 180/high, 360/standard, and 360/high. The study adhered as close as possible to regular clinical management, but within a scientific framework. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) 1 to 6 months after SLT. The proportion of patients achieving a 20% IOP reduction without any further intervention. Time to glaucoma treatment escalation in a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. RESULTS: SLT performed with the 360/high protocol was shown to be superior regarding all primary endpoints. The IOP reduction 1 to 6 months after SLT was 5.4 mmHg in the 360/high group, compared to 3.4, 3.2, and 4.2 mmHg with the 180/standard, 180/high, and 360/standard protocols, respectively (P < 0.001). Furthermore, the success rate after 6 months was significantly higher -58.3%, compared with 30.2%, 29.3%, and 41.7% (P < 0.001). The median time to glaucoma treatment escalation was more than twice as long with 360/high SLT -1323 days, compared to 437 days, 549 days, and 620 days (P < 0.001). Although postoperative discomfort was more frequent with the 360/high protocol, symptoms were generally mild and transient. Adverse events were rare in all groups. CONCLUSIONS: The magnitude and longevity of SLT results increases substantially if SLT is performed according to the 360/high protocol, without compromising safety. Therefore, we recommend that 360/high SLT be considered as standard treatment. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURES: The authors have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Hipertensão Ocular , Hipotensão Ocular , Trabeculectomia , Humanos , Trabeculectomia/métodos , Suécia , Resultado do Tratamento , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Glaucoma/diagnóstico , Hipotensão Ocular/cirurgia
12.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 262(5): 1599-1606, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38100048

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery is safer and effective surgical modality for patients with glaucoma. To compare the effect of axial length (AL) on the surgical outcomes of combined cataract surgery and ab interno trabeculotomy (phaco-LOT), a retrospective, non-randomized comparative study was performed. METHODS: In total, 458 eyes of 458 open-angle glaucoma patients who underwent phaco-LOT and were followed-up without any intervention for at least 6 months were enrolled. All were divided into a long-AL group (AL ≥ 26.0 mm, 123 eyes) and a not-long-AL group (AL < 26.0 mm, 335 eyes). The principal outcomes were the changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) and medication scores. We also sought a correlation between postoperative IOP spike and hyphema. RESULTS: Significant postoperative reductions in IOP and medication scores were apparent in all subjects. The IOP reductions were significant at all timepoints in the not-long-AL group, but not until 1 month postoperatively in the long-AL group, and the IOP change was significantly lower in the long-AL group from postoperative day 1 to 3 months. On subanalysis of subjects by age, the microhook used, the pre-operative IOP, and the medication score, a significantly higher incidence of IOP spike was observed in the long-AL group in weeks 1 and 2 (both p < 0.05), but this did not correlate with hyphema status, implying that a different mechanism was in play. CONCLUSION: Phaco-LOT was effective regardless of AL, but the postoperative IOP decrease was lower and the early postoperative incidence of IOP spike was higher in long-AL eyes.


Assuntos
Catarata , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Hipotensão Ocular , Trabeculectomia , Humanos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/complicações , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Hifema/etiologia , Hifema/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trabeculectomia/efeitos adversos , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Pressão Intraocular , Malha Trabecular/cirurgia , Hipotensão Ocular/cirurgia , Catarata/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 72(3): 455-457, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38146978

RESUMO

With the recent advancement in technologies, real-time integrated intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT) microscopes are available, which facilitates surgical precision and also reduces the risk of complications. Two glaucoma patients with advanced glaucomatous optic neuropathy, who underwent uneventful trabeculectomy with 0.02% mitomycin C, developed persistent hypotony postoperatively till 4-6 weeks. On clinical examination, visual acuity was 1/60 with low intraocular pressure (IOP) of 4 mmHg. Elevated, overfiltering bleb was seen on slit-lamp examination, along with hypotonous maculopathy. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) showed multiple large hyporeflective fluid spaces suggestive of overfiltering bleb. Considering the risk of choroidal detachment and further deterioration of vision, iOCT-guided transconjunctival bleb suturing was planned. iOCT helped to identify the exact location of scleral flap, and transconjunctival suturing was done with successful outcomes in terms of improved IOP and visual acuity.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Hipotensão Ocular , Trabeculectomia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Glaucoma/diagnóstico , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Glaucoma/complicações , Trabeculectomia/efeitos adversos , Hipotensão Ocular/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 23(1): 509, 2023 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38097974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the outcome of non-valved glaucoma drainage implant surgery (GDIS) in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients divided in the first GDI group (patients who underwent the first GDIS) and the second GDI group (patients who underwent the second GDIS because of the failed first GDIS). METHODS: Intraocular pressure (IOP), visual acuity (VA), visual field defect (VFD), medication score (MS), survival rate of GDIS, complications, and patient background was retrospectively analyzed. Two success criteria were set: Criteria (1) IOP reduction ≥ 20% and 5 < IOP ≤ 21, Criteria (2) IOP reduction ≥ 20% and 5 < IOP ≤ 14. RESULTS: There were 136 eyes of 109 patients in the first GDI group and 32 eyes of 27 patients in the second GDI group. In the first GDI group and II, mean preoperative IOP was 26.7 ± 6.7 mmHg and 23.7 ± 3.5 mmHg, respectively (P = 0.09). No statistically significant difference in postoperative IOP reduction was found between the two groups (P = 0.39). At 5-years postoperative, the Criteria 1 (Criteria 2) survival rate in the first GDI group and the second GDI group was 60.4% (31.7%) and 61.2% (25.6%), respectively (Criteria 1: hazard ratio [HR]: 0.64, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.30-1.35 [P = 0.24]; Criteria 2: HR: 0.81, 95% CI: 0.46-1.44, P = 0.48). No significant difference in VA, VFD change, MS, or complications was observed. Young patient age was the only significant factor for failure in the first GDI group (odds ratio: 0.95, 95% confidence interval: 0.91-1.00, P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: The second GDIS may be as effective as the first GDIS for IOP reduction in POAG patients, however, there is a high risk of failure in young-age patients and the surgery may be ineffective in eyes requiring Criteria 2.


Assuntos
Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Hipotensão Ocular , Trabeculectomia , Humanos , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma/efeitos adversos , Pressão Intraocular , Hipotensão Ocular/etiologia , Inibidores de Dissociação do Nucleotídeo Guanina , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 22888, 2023 12 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38129467

RESUMO

The aim is to study the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effects of additional administration of ripasudil in open-angle glaucoma (OAG) patients including high myopia (HM) and pathological myopia (PM). Study design is retrospective cohort study. We assessed the changes in the mean IOP between the HM eyes (axial length ≧ 26.5 mm 33 eyes) and the non-HM eyes (axial length < 26.5 mm 29 eyes) at 4 and 12 weeks from baseline. We also assessed the IOP changes between the PM eyes (21 eyes) and the non-PM eyes (41 eyes). The significant IOP reduction by the ripasudil administration was observed at 4 weeks in the non-HM eyes and at 12 weeks in HM and non-HM eyes. And the IOP reduction in the HM eyes was significantly less than the non-HM eyes at 4 and 12 weeks. IOP reduction by ripasudil had statistically significant association with the baseline IOP and presence of PM. Furthermore, significant IOP reduction by the ripasudil administration was observed at 4 and 12 weeks in the non-PM eyes, but not in the PM eyes. The additional administration of ripasudil was effective in the HM eyes, but less than non-HM eyes. And the PM may negatively contribute to reducing the IOP by ripasudil.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Miopia Degenerativa , Hipotensão Ocular , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
J Glaucoma ; 32(12): 1052-1057, 2023 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37974323

RESUMO

PRCIS: The iStent inject W implanted during phacoemulsification effectively reduces IOP. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of iStent inject W combined with phacoemulsification in patients with controlled open angle glaucoma undergoing cataract surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, bicentric study of patients with controlled chronic open angle glaucoma who underwent phacoemulsification combined with the injection of 2 iStent inject Ws. Patient characteristics, including intraocular pressure (IOP) and the number of glaucoma medications, were evaluated preoperatively and 1 week, 1 month, and 6 months postoperatively. The primary end point was IOP reduction, and the secondary end point was the reduction in the number of glaucoma medications. RESULTS: In this study, 85 eyes were included. The majority of patients had primary open angle glaucoma (85% of eyes). Preoperative mean IOP was 16.1±2.0 mm Hg with a mean of 2.3±0.5 glaucoma medications. At 1 week postoperatively, the mean IOP was 16.7±3.1 mm Hg with a mean of 2.0±0.7 hypotensive medications. At 1 and 6 months, the mean IOP was 14.2±2.1 and 13.0±1.5 mm Hg, with a mean of 2.0±0.6 and 1.8±0.5 glaucoma medications, respectively. The percentage IOP reduction at 1 and 6 months was 11.6% ( P =0.001) and 19.3% ( P <0.0001), respectively. Regarding glaucoma medications, at 1 and 6 months, the reduction in the number of medications was 12.9% ( P =0.025) and 22.4% ( P =0.003), respectively. The most frequent significant postoperative adverse events were corneal edema in 7%, IOP spikes in 6%, and hyphema in 6% of eyes, which resolved spontaneously. CONCLUSIONS: The iStent inject W implanted during phacoemulsification effectively reduces IOP and the number of glaucoma medications needed at 6 months of follow-up, with a favorable safety profile in patients with controlled open angle glaucoma.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Hipotensão Ocular , Facoemulsificação , Humanos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/complicações , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Pressão Intraocular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Malha Trabecular/cirurgia , Hipotensão Ocular/cirurgia
18.
J Glaucoma ; 32(10): 826-832, 2023 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37585391

RESUMO

PRCIS: Sutureless deep sclerectomy (SDS) achieved significant reduction in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and juvenile open angle glaucoma (JOAG). PURPOSE: To assess long-term results of SDS in cases with POAG and JOAG. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective interventional study included 84 eyes of 54 patients underwent SDS with the superficial scleral flap left un-sutured. Changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) were recorded over 2 years. Success was defined according to the world glaucoma association criteria: Criterion A: IOP ≤18 mmHg and IOP reduction ≥30% from the preoperative status without medications [complete success (A1)], with and without medications [qualified success (A2)]. Criterion B: IOP ≤15 mmHg and IOP reduction ≥40% from the preoperative status without medications [complete success (B1)], with and without medications [qualified success (B2)]. RESULTS: There was statistically significant reduction in IOP compared with the preoperative IOP (mean IOP = 26.21± 10.46 mmHg) starting from 1 st postoperative day (mean IOP = 7.18 ± 1.8 mmHg) till the end of follow-up period at 2 years (mean IOP = 15.85± 4.46) ( P < 0.001). Also, number of medications dropped significantly from 3.27 ± 1.14 to 0.82 ± 0.97 at the end of follow up period. At 2 years complete success (A1) was achieved in 57.1% and qualified success (A2) was achieved in 91.6% of cases. Subgroup analysis into males and females, POAG and JOAG showed no statistically significant difference between subgroups regarding IOP reduction. CONCLUSION: SDS is an effective and safe modification to deep sclerectomy in cases with POAG and JOAG.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Hipotensão Ocular , Esclerostomia , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/tratamento farmacológico , Esclerostomia/métodos , Pressão Intraocular , Estudos Prospectivos , Esclera/cirurgia , Hipotensão Ocular/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Seguimentos , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Jpn J Ophthalmol ; 67(6): 685-692, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37540326

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to introduce a new technique for lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) using a multi-stent system after the implantation of a Baerveldt glaucoma implant (BGI) and evaluate its clinical effectiveness. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Six patients with uncontrolled refractory glaucoma were enrolled between December 2021 and May 2022. Six 6-0 nylon sutures were preoperatively inserted into the tube of a BGI. These sutures were named "comet stents" (CSs). BGI implantation was performed, and the CSs were removed one-by-one whenever the IOP rose during the follow-up period. IOP was measured 30-60 min after the removal of each CS, and the reduction in IOP was recorded to assess the effect of CS removal. IOP reduction and the effect of CS removal on IOP reduction were evaluated for 6 months. The cut and trimmed stented tubes were examined with scanning electron microscopy, and the ratio of the patent cross-sectional area to the total luminal area (PCSA, %) and the luminal area occupation rate per stent (%) were calculated. RESULTS: The mean (±standard deviation) IOP decreased from 31.5 ± 2.8 mmHg at the baseline to 14.8 ± 8.3 mmHg at 1 month, 8.8 ± 4.7 mmHg at 3 months, and 9.2 ± 3.4 mmHg at 6 months. The IOP reduction induced by CS removal ranged from 0 to 19 mmHg. The mean PCSA was 52.7 ± 1.7%, and the mean luminal area occupation rate per stent was 7.9 ± 0.3%. CONCLUSION: The use of CSs is an effective technique for controlling IOP in a step-by-step manner after BGI surgery.


Assuntos
Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma , Glaucoma , Hipotensão Ocular , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Acuidade Visual , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Pressão Intraocular , Resultado do Tratamento , Stents , Seguimentos , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Glaucoma ; 32(9): 762-768, 2023 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37406302

RESUMO

PRCIS: When comparing patients on systemic immunosuppressive therapy to those without, there was no difference in intraocular pressure (IOP) early after SLT; however, at 1 year following SLT, IOP was higher in the immunosuppression group compared with controls. PURPOSE: To determine whether patients taking systemic immunosuppressive medications have a different IOP-lowering response to selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) compared with a control group of patients. METHODS: All patients who underwent SLT at Mayo Clinic 2017-2021 were identified. Patients on systemic immunosuppressive medications at the time of SLT were compared with control patients not receiving systemic immunosuppressive medications. The primary endpoints of this study were the percentage IOP reduction at 1 to 2, 3 to 6, and 12 months. Additional analyses included the percentage of patients who did not require additional therapy at each time point. RESULTS: There were 108 eyes of 72 patients that underwent SLT in the immunosuppressed group and 1997 eyes of 1417 patients in the control group. There was no significant difference in age-adjusted change in IOP between groups at the first postoperative visit 1 to 2 months following SLT (-18.8±20.7% vs. -16.0±16.5%, P =0.256) or 3-6 months following SLT (-15.2±21.6% vs. -18.3±23.2%, P =0.062). However, at 12 months following SLT, the IOP reduction in the immunosuppressive therapy group was significantly less compared with the control group (-15.1±21.2% vs. -20.3±22.9%, P =0.045). There was no difference between groups in the number of additional treatments during the study intervals. CONCLUSION: Patients in the systemic immunosuppressive therapy group showed equivalent early IOP-lowering after SLT compared with a control group, but the treatment response was diminished at 1 year. Further studies investigating IOP regulation after SLT in immunosuppressed patients are needed.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Hipotensão Ocular , Trabeculectomia , Humanos , Lactente , Pressão Intraocular , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Imunossupressão , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Hipotensão Ocular/tratamento farmacológico , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...