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1.
Reprod Sci ; 31(1): 1-16, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37500976

RESUMO

Autoimmune primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a devastating disease with limited clinical guidance. The objective of this systematic review was to identify treatments for autoimmune POI and analyze their efficacy. A comprehensive search of CINAHL, Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science was performed from inception to April 2022. English language publications that evaluated women with autoimmune POI after a documented intervention were included. Animal models of autoimmune POI were also included. Risk of bias was assessed with the SYRCLE's risk of bias tool for animal studies or the NIH Quality Assessment Tool for Case Series as appropriate. Twenty-eight studies were included in this review, with 11 RCTs, 15 case reports, and 2 case series. Seventeen studies were in humans, and 11 were in animal models. No completed RCTs, cohort studies, or case-control studies were identified in humans. In observational human studies, corticosteroids were effective in select patients. In many case reports, adequate treatment of comorbid autoimmune conditions resulted in return of menses, hormonal normalization, or spontaneous pregnancy. In terms of assisted reproductive technologies, there was case report evidence for both in vitro fertilization (IVF) and in vitro maturation (IVM) in women wishing to conceive with their own oocytes. Ovulation induction, IVF, and IVM resulted in a total of 15 pregnancies and 14 live births. In animal models, there was additional evidence for stem cell therapies and treatments used in traditional Chinese medicine, although this research may not be generalizable to humans. Furthermore, litter size was not evaluated in any of the animal studies. Additional research is needed to establish the efficacy of current treatments for autoimmune POI with a controlled experimental design and larger sample size. Additionally, there is a critical need to develop novel therapies for this condition, as understanding of its pathophysiology and  available tools to modulate the immune response have progressed.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Ooforite , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Nascido Vivo , Ooforite/terapia , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/terapia , Taxa de Gravidez , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/efeitos adversos
2.
Minerva Obstet Gynecol ; 75(1): 80-84, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36790400

RESUMO

Saline infusion sonohysterography (SIS) is useful for evaluating intrauterine pathology, particularly for patients with abnormal uterine bleeding and during assessment of infertility. Infectious complications are relatively rare, and tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) after SIS has only been reported once in the literature. We present two additional cases of TOA after SIS that presented to our institution. First, a 40-year-old female with known endometriosis and bilateral tubal occlusion, presented with ruptured TOA fifteen days after SIS during fertility evaluation. The second, a 45-year-old female with endometriomas and a hydrosalpinx identified on SIS, diagnosed with TOAs four days after SIS for abnormal uterine bleeding evaluation. While hysterosalpingogram has defined antibiotic prophylaxis criteria, and despite likely similar mechanisms for ascending infections, current guidelines do not recommend prophylaxis after SIS. These cases suggest infectious complications, such as TOA, after SIS may be more common than previously reported, and as demonstrated by these cases can have serious clinical consequences for patients. Furthermore, by comparing to a technically similar procedure as HSG, it may be reasonable to consider if certain patients at high risk of complication may benefit from antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent serious clinical infections.


Assuntos
Abscesso Abdominal , Endometriose , Ooforite , Salpingite , Doenças Uterinas , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Abscesso/diagnóstico por imagem , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Ultrassonografia , Solução Salina , Hemorragia Uterina
3.
BMJ Case Rep ; 16(1)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599488

RESUMO

Though there is no definite agreement on diagnostic criteria or definition of chronic ectopic pregnancy (CEP), it could be deemed to be a variant of pregnancy of unknown location with non-specific clinical signs and symptoms. This was a case of a para 2+2 who presented with lower abdominal pain and bleeding per vaginum, and initial ultrasound was suggestive of a tubo-ovarian abscess/mass. With a further MRI scan and a diagnostic laparoscopy, she was found to have a CEP and had a laparoscopic salpingectomy for management. The diagnosis of CEP could be quite challenging as a result of the protracted symptoms, often negative/low serum B-HCG and ultrasound features mimicking a pelvic mass. A high index of suspicion is needed, and an MRI scan and diagnostic laparoscopy often aid in diagnosis and management.


Assuntos
Abscesso Abdominal , Laparoscopia , Ooforite , Gravidez Ectópica , Salpingite , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Abscesso/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso/cirurgia , Gravidez Ectópica/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez Ectópica/cirurgia , Ooforite/cirurgia , Salpingite/cirurgia , Abscesso Abdominal/cirurgia
4.
BMJ Case Rep ; 16(1)2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657821

RESUMO

Xanthogranulomatous endometritis (XGE) is a rare pathological entity which is characterised by sheets of foamy histiocytes and lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates. This condition can mimic endometrial carcinoma. We report a case, clinically suspected as carcinoma of the endometrium/ovary, which was diagnosed as XGE with left salpingo-oophoritis on histopathology.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Endometrite , Ooforite , Salpingite , Xantomatose , Feminino , Humanos , Ooforite/diagnóstico , Ooforite/patologia , Endometrite/diagnóstico , Endometrite/patologia , Pós-Menopausa , Granuloma/diagnóstico , Granuloma/patologia , Xantomatose/diagnóstico , Xantomatose/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia
5.
Intern Med ; 62(12): 1861-1866, 2023 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36261376

RESUMO

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) oophoritis is an extremely rare and fatal condition. We encountered a 63-year-old woman with CMV oophoritis who had been treated for Burkitt's lymphoma. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography performed after chemotherapy showed a high 18F-fluoro-2deoxy-D-glucose uptake in both ovaries, which required distinguishing relapse. CMV oophoritis was diagnosed on histology following bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Although the patient later developed recurrent episodes of CMV antigenemia, after which complications of CMV retinitis appeared, and she ultimately died of CMV meningitis, surgical resection with antiviral medication resolved her abdominal symptoms and cleared CMV antigenemia for several weeks. It is therefore worth considering surgical resection in combination with antiviral drugs as a treatment option.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Ooforite , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linfoma de Burkitt/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Burkitt/tratamento farmacológico , Citomegalovirus , Ooforite/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Emerg Med Pract ; 24(12): 1-24, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378827

RESUMO

Pelvic inflammatory disease is associated with complications that include infertility, chronic pelvic pain, ruptured tubo-ovarian abscess, and ectopic pregnancy. The diagnosis may be delayed when the presentation has nonspecific signs and symptoms. Even when properly diagnosed, pelvic inflammatory disease is often treated suboptimally. This review provides evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment, disposition, and follow-up of patients with pelvic inflammatory disease. Arranging follow-up of patients within 48 to 72 hours and providing clear patient education are fundamental to ensuring good patient outcomes. Emerging issues, including new pathogens and\ evolving resistance patterns among pelvic inflammatory disease pathogens, are reviewed.


Assuntos
Abscesso Abdominal , Ooforite , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica , Gravidez Ectópica , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/diagnóstico , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/terapia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Gravidez Ectópica/diagnóstico , Gravidez Ectópica/terapia
7.
Wiad Lek ; 75(7): 1634-1641, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35962672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To assess the role of surgical site infections types associated with obstetric and gynecological surgeries as a cause of infertility among women reproductive age in Ukraine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective multicentre cohort study was based on reproductive health surveillance data among women reproductive age from 2019 to 2021. Definitions of infertility were used from the WHO and surgical site infections were used CDC/ NHSN. RESULTS: Results: Among all the 3,825 of infertility women in this study, the prevalence of surgical site infection (SSI) was 67.9%. The prevalence of SSI among primary infertility group and secondary infertility group women was 67.5% and 71.4%, respectively. There were differences among SSI type associated with infertility, primary infertility and secondary infertility. In logistic multivariate regression analyses, infertility was associated history of induced abortion (p < 0.001), history of obstetric and gynecological surgeries (p < 0.001), Salpingitis (p < 0.001), Oophoritis (p < 0.001), Endometritis (p < 0.001), Adnexa utery (p=0.009), and Pelvic abscess or cellulitis (p=0.043). The main factors associated with primary infertility were history of Salpingitis (33.6%) and Oophoritis (28.2%) after gynecological surgery. A factors associated with secondary infertility were history of Endometritis (27.2%), Pelvic abscess or cellulitis (11.2%), Salpingitis (10.1%), Adnexa utery (9.4%), Oophoritis (4.8%), and Chorioamnionitis (3.9%). CONCLUSION: Conclusions: One of the main causes of infertility in women of reproductive age in Ukraine are SSIs after obstetric and gynecological surgeries, and induced abortion. This applies to both primary and secondary infertility group women's in this cohort study.


Assuntos
Endometrite , Infertilidade Feminina , Ooforite , Salpingite , Abscesso , Celulite (Flegmão) , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/epidemiologia , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Infertilidade Feminina/cirurgia , Ooforite/complicações , Gravidez , Salpingite/complicações , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Ucrânia/epidemiologia
8.
Ger Med Sci ; 20: Doc09, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35875245

RESUMO

Background: Pyometra is a rare gynecological condition and is characterized by pus accumulation in the uterine cavity. It occurs more frequently in postmenopausal women than tubo-ovarian abscesses, which constitute a more common gynecological complication among premenopausal women. Objective: A 72-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department with lower abdominal pain, diarrhea and fever for the last three days. The laboratory results were indicative to sepsis. The clinical examination revealed sensitivity by palpation of the lower abdomen without any signs of acute abdomen. The gynecological assessment showed pus outflow through the cervix and a pus culture was done. The ultrasound examination found an enlarged uterus, full of hypoechoic fluid, unclear borders between endometrium-myometrium, a mixed echogenicity adnexal mass and no free fluid in the pouch of Douglas. A computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed the presence of pyometra and a tubo-ovarian abscess of the right adnexa. Method: The patient was treated with intravenous antibiotic therapy. When the patient was hemodynamically stable and afebrile, she underwent ultrasound-guided dilatation and curettage of the cervical canal and the endometrium in order to exclude an underlying malignancy, under general anesthesia. Results: The patient responded promptly to the intravenous antibiotic therapy which was adapted to the pus culture result. The laboratory results withdrew to normal values and the patient was discharged after fifteen days of hospitalization in an afebrile and hemodynamically stable condition. Conclusion: Pyometra and tubo-ovarian abscess in postmenopausal women could be a lethal complication of pelvic inflammatory disease. The key in treatment is the dilatation of the cervix and drainage of the pyometra. The administration of intravenous antibiotics and drainage through the cervix could be a suitable method of treatment for pyometra in older patients or those with poor performance status if only the histological examination is negative for malignancy.


Assuntos
Abscesso Abdominal , Ooforite , Piometra , Salpingite , Abscesso Abdominal/diagnóstico , Abscesso Abdominal/tratamento farmacológico , Abscesso/tratamento farmacológico , Abscesso/terapia , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Ooforite/tratamento farmacológico , Pós-Menopausa , Piometra/complicações , Piometra/tratamento farmacológico , Salpingite/tratamento farmacológico
9.
Reprod Sci ; 29(8): 2391-2400, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35585293

RESUMO

Steroid-producing cells contain key cytochrome P450 enzymes, such as side-chain cleavage (P450-SCC) and 17α-hydroxylase (17α-OH). They are required for steroid hormone synthesis and considered antigens associated with Addison's disease and autoimmune primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). We studied an animal model for human autoimmune POI in mice with autoimmune oophoritis induced by neonatal thymectomy performed at day 3 (TX3). We previously identified an oocyte-specific protein as a major antigen inciting autoimmune oophoritis in mice. In this study, we characterized ovarian steroid-producing cell antigens. Using indirect immunofluorescence staining, we tested immune reactions in mouse ovarian and adrenal tissue sections with sera from TX3 female mice. More than half of the TX3 mice (8 of 15) produced antibodies reacting with both ovarian and adrenal steroid-producing cells, including some that reacted to oocytes as well. We produced recombinant proteins for the three key steroidogenic enzymes 17α-OH, P450-SSC, and 3ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3ß-HSD) and tested their immune reactions with individual mouse sera. By immunoblotting, all mouse sera that reacted with the steroid-producing cells (n = 8) were shown to react with the P450-SCC, but not with the 17α-OH or 3ß-HSD recombinant proteins. The sham-operated mouse sera and TX3 mouse sera negative for steroid-producing cells did not react with the P450-SCC recombinant protein. Our findings indicate that the P450-SCC is a specific and unique major antigen within the ovarian steroid-producing cells. Given their similarity of predicted antigenicity, we assume that P450-SCC acts in human autoimmune POI as it does in mouse autoimmune oophoritis.


Assuntos
Doença de Addison , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária , Animais , Autoantígenos , Enzima de Clivagem da Cadeia Lateral do Colesterol , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Ooforite , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes , Proteínas Recombinantes , Esteroide 17-alfa-Hidroxilase , Esteroides
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(5)2022 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35589272

RESUMO

Xanthogranulomatous salpingo-oophoritis (XGSO) is an exceptionally rare entity. Its clinical manifestations and imaging modalities can mimic benign and malignant adnexal diseases, making it difficult to diagnose. Here we report a case of XGSO in a young woman who was operated with suspicion of a borderline ovarian tumour. Preoperative diagnosis of XGSO should be considered to avoid radical surgical treatment, especially in young patients.


Assuntos
Ooforite , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Salpingite , Xantomatose , Feminino , Granuloma/diagnóstico por imagem , Granuloma/cirurgia , Humanos , Ooforite/diagnóstico , Ooforite/patologia , Ooforite/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Salpingite/diagnóstico , Salpingite/patologia , Salpingite/cirurgia , Xantomatose/diagnóstico , Xantomatose/patologia , Xantomatose/cirurgia
12.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-876625

RESUMO

@#Tubo-ovarian abscess in pregnancy is extremely rare. Its occurrence increases the maternal and fetal morbidities and mortalities. The clinical presentation is variable ranging from asymptomatic abscess to diffuse peritonitis. In this report, we present a rare case of tubo-ovarian abscess complicating a pregnancy on its 6 weeks and 5 days age of gestation. The patient presented with frank peritonitis. Internal examination revealed uterine, adnexal and cervical tenderness with no masses palpated. A laparotomy was done and intra-operative findings showed an 8 x 4 cm-sized, right, ruptured tubo-ovarian abscess with purulent contamination of the whole pelvic cavity. Right salpingooophorectomy was performed and parenteral antibiotics were given. The pregnancy was eventually carried to term and the patient delivered by repeat low segment cesarean section without fetal and maternal complications.


Assuntos
Gravidez , Feminino , Abscesso , Ooforite , Salpingite , Abscesso Abdominal
13.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-886468

RESUMO

@#OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the predictors for treatment failure of medical management among admitted female patients diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease with tubo-ovarian abscess. METHODS: This was a retrospective nested case-control study, using chart review of all cases of pelvic inflammatory disease with tubo-ovarian abscess/complex (N = 49) admitted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Philippine General Hospital from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2018. RESULTS: Medical treatment failure was observed to be significantly higher (51.9%) among patients 40 years old and above as compared to patients less than 40 years old (13.6%). The risk of patients ≥40 years for failed management was 14x higher than those <40 years old (OR=14.00; 95% CI=1.06 to 185.5;p=0.04). The failed management group has significantly higher TOA size of 7.8 (7.8 ± 1.6) as compared to only 5.8 (5.8 ± 1.4) for medical treatment alone group. Correspondingly, those who failed have a significantly bigger volume of 120.4 ml (120.4 ± 84.5) as compared to only 55.2 ml (55.2 ± 40.6) for medical treatment alone group. Other predictive factors such as parity, admitting White blood cell count(WBC), C-Reactive Protein (CRP), and neutrophil-lymphocytic ratio(NLR) were all not significant. CONCLUSION: Tubo-ovarian abscess size of more than or equal to 7 cm, or a volume of more than or equal to 120 ml and advanced age of >40 were all predictive of failed response to medical treatment. Early recognition and intervention whether surgery or drainage may be beneficial to reduce morbidity and long-term sequelae of PID.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica , Abscesso , Neutrófilos , Ooforite , Salpingite , Abscesso Abdominal , Linfócitos
14.
J Med Case Rep ; 13(1): 379, 2019 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864420

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Oophoritis, a complication of mumps, is said to affect only 5% of all postpubertal women. In this report, we present a case of a 31-year-old Iranian woman with amenorrhea and infertility due to an infantile uterus and atrophic ovaries associated with contracting mumps at a young age. She later successfully carried a healthy baby to term. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was diagnosed with oophoritis when she was 8 years of age. She had no menses before treatment. The patient underwent a low-dose contraceptive treatment from age 19 until she was 31 years of age. During this period, the size of her uterus was constantly monitored, which revealed constant yet slow uterine growth. At age 31, Drospil (containing 3 mg of drospirenone and 0.03 mg ethinyl estradiol) treatment was initiated and administered for 3 months, which led to substantial uterine growth and menses. After her uterus had reached a mature size, the patient was referred to an assisted reproductive technology clinic. There she received a donor oocyte that was fertilized with the sperm of her husband. She had a successful low-risk pregnancy after the second embryo transfer. CONCLUSION: Low-dose contraceptive treatment containing progesterone, followed by Drospil, which includes both estradiol and progesterone, had a synergistic effect that led to the growth of the patient's uterus.


Assuntos
Androstenos/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Caxumba/complicações , Ooforite/virologia , Progesterona/uso terapêutico , Anormalidades Urogenitais/virologia , Útero/anormalidades , Útero/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Caxumba/fisiopatologia , Ooforite/etiologia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Anormalidades Urogenitais/etiologia , Útero/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Útero/virologia
15.
J Infect Dis ; 220(12): 1904-1914, 2019 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) has become a global concern because infection of pregnant mothers was linked to congenital birth defects. Zika virus is unique from other flaviviruses, because it is transmitted vertically and sexually in addition to by mosquito vectors. Prior studies in mice, nonhuman primates, and humans have shown that ZIKV targets the testis in males, resulting in persistent infection and oligospermia. However, its effects on the corresponding female gonads have not been evaluated. METHODS: In this study, we assessed the effects of ZIKV on the ovary in nonpregnant mice. RESULTS: During the acute phase, ZIKV productively infected the ovary causing accumulation of CD4+ and virus-specific CD8+ T cells. T cells protected against ZIKV infection in the ovary, as higher viral burden was measured in CD8-/- and TCRßδ-/- mice. Increased cell death and tissue inflammation in the ovary was observed during the acute phase of infection, but this normalized over time. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to that observed with males, minimal persistence and no long-term consequences of ZIKV infection on ovarian follicular reserve or fertility were demonstrated in this model. Thus, although ZIKV replicates in cells of the ovary and causes acute oophoritis, there is rapid resolution and no long-term effects on fertility, at least in mice.


Assuntos
Fertilidade , Ooforite/fisiopatologia , Ooforite/virologia , Infecção por Zika virus/fisiopatologia , Infecção por Zika virus/virologia , Zika virus/fisiologia , Animais , Biomarcadores , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Ooforite/complicações , Ooforite/patologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Carga Viral , Tropismo Viral , Infecção por Zika virus/complicações , Infecção por Zika virus/patologia
16.
Gynecol Obstet Invest ; 84(4): 334-342, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to assess the value of early laparoscopic therapy in management of tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) or pelvic abscess. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all consecutive patients who were initially diagnosed with TOA or pelvic abscess at the local hospital between January 2010 and December 2014. The risks of operation and recurrence were analyzed using logistic analyses. RESULTS: The durations of body temperature > 38.0°C (p = 0.001) and hospitalization (p < 0.001) were longer in the conventional group versus the early laparoscopy group. In the conventional group, 15 (50%) patients finally underwent laparoscopic exploration. The abscess size in the late laparoscopic group was significantly larger than the successful antibiotic treatment group (6.3 ± 1.5 vs. 4.9 ± 1.2 cm, p = 0.010). Abscess > 5.5 cm was independently associated with antibiotic failure (OR 4.571; 95% CI 1.612-12.962). Compared with late laparoscopy, early laparoscopy was associated with a shorter operation time (p = 0.037), less blood loss (p = 0.035), and shorter durations of body temperature > 38.0°C (p < 0.001) and hospitalization (p < 0.001). The cost was the lowest in the patients successfully treated conservatively. CONCLUSION: Early laparoscopic treatment is associated with shorter time of fever resolution, shorter hospitalization, and less blood loss compared with conventional treatment for TOA or pelvic abscess.


Assuntos
Abscesso/terapia , Tratamento Conservador/estatística & dados numéricos , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ooforite/terapia , Infecção Pélvica/terapia , Salpingite/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(6): 636-640, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-983805

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: The advent of multikinase inhibitor (MKI) therapy has led to a radical change in the treatment of patients with advanced thyroid carcinoma. The aim of this manuscript is to communicate rare adverse events that occurred in less than 5% of patients in clinical trials in a subset of patients treated in our hospital. Subjects and methods: Out of 760 patients with thyroid cancer followed up with in our Division of Endocrinology, 29 (3.8%) received treatment with MKIs. The median age at diagnosis of these patients was 53 years (range 20-70), and 75.9% of them were women. Sorafenib was prescribed as first-line treatment to 23 patients with differentiated thyroid cancer and as second-line treatment to one patient with advanced medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Vandetanib was indicated as first-line treatment in 6 patients with MTC and lenvatinib as second-line treatment in two patients with progressive disease under sorafenib treatment. Results: During the follow-up of treatment (mean 13.7 ± 7 months, median 12 months, range 6-32), 5/29 (17.2%) patients presented rare adverse events. These rare adverse effects were: heart failure, thrombocytopenia, and squamous cell carcinoma during sorafenib therapy and squamous cell carcinoma and oophoritis with intestinal perforation during vandetanib treatment. Conclusions: About 3 to 5 years after the approval of MKI therapy, we learned that MKIs usually lead to adverse effects in the majority of patients. Although most of them are manageable, we still need to be aware of potentially serious and rare or unreported adverse effects that can be life-threatening.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Piperidinas/efeitos adversos , Quinazolinas/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Medular/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Ooforite/induzido quimicamente , Compostos de Fenilureia/efeitos adversos , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Fatores de Tempo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Seguimentos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Sorafenibe/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/induzido quimicamente , Perfuração Intestinal/induzido quimicamente
18.
Autops. Case Rep ; 8(3): e2018029, July-Sept. 2018. ilus tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-911893

RESUMO

Disseminated human cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease occurs mainly as a congenital infection and among immunocompromised hosts. Patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are at increased risk for CMV infection, and the most prevalent clinical manifestation is retinitis, followed by colitis, esophagitis, pneumonitis, and encephalitis. CMV oophoritis is poorly described in the literature with some cases reported in patients with hematological or solid malignancies, bone marrow or solid organ transplantation, immunosuppressive therapy, and advanced AIDS cases. We report the case of a 61-year-old woman with a recent diagnosis of AIDS, which was associated with a wasting syndrome. The patient presented with abdominal pain, headache, cutaneous vesicular lesions on the abdomen, anemia, lymphopenia, and hyponatremia; she died suddenly on the fourth day of hospitalization. The autopsy was performed and demonstrated disseminated CMV infection with hemorrhagic encephalitis as the immediate cause of death. Additionally, pneumonitis, extensive adrenalitis, ulcerated enteritis, focal hepatitis, and necrotizing oophoritis were found.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/complicações , Autopsia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/patologia , Encefalite/patologia , Evolução Fatal , Ooforite/complicações
19.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29968991

RESUMO

The article presents the results of studying dynamics of total morbidity of salpingoophoritis in the Belgorod oblast in 2009-2014 testifying negative tendencies. The maximal increasing of of total morbidity of salpingoophoritis among female adolescents and adult women in oblast rural districts was established. The obtained data can be used as a basis for developing target regional programs directed to improvement of functioning of specialized obstetrician gynecological service.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Morbidade , Ooforite , Salpingite , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Ooforite/epidemiologia , População Rural , Salpingite/epidemiologia
20.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 62(6): 636-640, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624504

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The advent of multikinase inhibitor (MKI) therapy has led to a radical change in the treatment of patients with advanced thyroid carcinoma. The aim of this manuscript is to communicate rare adverse events that occurred in less than 5% of patients in clinical trials in a subset of patients treated in our hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Out of 760 patients with thyroid cancer followed up with in our Division of Endocrinology, 29 (3.8%) received treatment with MKIs. The median age at diagnosis of these patients was 53 years (range 20-70), and 75.9% of them were women. Sorafenib was prescribed as first-line treatment to 23 patients with differentiated thyroid cancer and as second-line treatment to one patient with advanced medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Vandetanib was indicated as first-line treatment in 6 patients with MTC and lenvatinib as second-line treatment in two patients with progressive disease under sorafenib treatment. RESULTS: During the follow-up of treatment (mean 13.7 ± 7 months, median 12 months, range 6-32), 5/29 (17.2%) patients presented rare adverse events. These rare adverse effects were: heart failure, thrombocytopenia, and squamous cell carcinoma during sorafenib therapy and squamous cell carcinoma and oophoritis with intestinal perforation during vandetanib treatment. CONCLUSIONS: About 3 to 5 years after the approval of MKI therapy, we learned that MKIs usually lead to adverse effects in the majority of patients. Although most of them are manageable, we still need to be aware of potentially serious and rare or unreported adverse effects that can be life-threatening.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Medular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Piperidinas/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Quinazolinas/efeitos adversos , Sorafenibe/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Perfuração Intestinal/induzido quimicamente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ooforite/induzido quimicamente , Compostos de Fenilureia/efeitos adversos , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
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