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2.
Pensar mov ; 21(1)jun. 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1521281

RESUMO

Capitán, C. y Aragón, L.F. (2023). La sed ¿un mecanismo suficiente para lograr euhidratación?: una revisión narrativa. PENSAR EN MOVIMIENTO: Revista de Ciencias del Ejercicio y la Salud, 21(1), 1-16. El papel de la percepción de sed para mantener el balance hídrico ha sido ampliamente estudiado, tanto durante el ejercicio como después de este. Sin embargo, la forma de evaluarla y la eficacia de los instrumentos existentes son aún áreas que necesitan más investigación. El objetivo de esta revisión fue integrar, de forma general, la información disponible en la literatura sobre el funcionamiento del mecanismo de la sed como respuesta a la deshidratación durante y después del ejercicio. Se explican los mecanismos fisiológicos y las respuestas de estos durante y posterior al ejercicio; además, se describen los instrumentos disponibles en la literatura científica, sus debilidades y fortalezas, y se plantea una serie de preguntas que aún no tienen respuesta en el área. En esta revisión se presenta el aspecto teórico de los mecanismos de la sed, además, se discuten los estudios científicos que respaldan o refutan el comportamiento de estos mecanismos en el ejercicio. Finalmente, se hace un resumen de las principales conclusiones extraídas de la literatura científica sobre la sed como un mecanismo suficiente para prevenir la deshidratación tanto durante como después del ejercicio.


Capitán, C. y Aragón, L.F. (2023). Is thirst sufficient as a mechanism for achieving euhydration? a narrative review. PENSAR EN MOVIMIENTO: Revista de Ciencias del Ejercicio y la Salud, 21(1), 1-16. The role of thirst perception for keeping hydric balance, both during and after exercise, has been extensively studied. However, the way to assess it and the effectiveness of the existing instruments are areas that still require further research. The objective of this review is to integrate, in a general way, the information available in the literature on the functioning of the thirst mechanism as a response to dehydration during and after exercise. The physiological mechanisms and their responses during and after exercise are explained. In addition, a description of the instruments available in scientific literature is included, together with their weaknesses and strengths, and a series of as yet unanswered questions in this area are raised. This review presents the theoretical aspect of thirst mechanisms, and discusses the scientific studies that support or refute the behavior of these mechanisms in exercise. Finally, a summary is made of the major conclusions drawn from the scientific literature on thirst as a sufficient mechanism to prevent dehydration both during and after exercise.


Capitán, C. y Aragón, L.F. (2023). A sede é um mecanismo suficiente para alcançar a hidratação? uma revisão narrativa. PENSAR EN MOVIMIENTO: Revista de Ciencias del Ejercicio y la Salud, 21(1), 1-16. O papel da percepção da sede na manutenção do equilíbrio hídrico tem sido amplamente estudado, tanto durante quanto após o exercício. Entretanto, como avaliá-la e a eficácia dos instrumentos existentes ainda são áreas que necessitam de mais pesquisas. Esta revisão visou integrar, de forma geral, as informações disponíveis na literatura sobre o funcionamento do mecanismo da sede em resposta à desidratação durante e após o exercício. Ele explica os mecanismos fisiológicos e suas respostas durante e após o exercício, descreve os instrumentos disponíveis na literatura científica, seus pontos fracos e fortes, e levanta uma série de questões que permanecem sem resposta no campo. Esta revisão apresenta o aspecto teórico dos mecanismos da sede e discute os estudos científicos que respaldam ou refutam o comportamento desses mecanismos no exercício. Finalmente, é feito um resumo das principais conclusões extraídas da literatura científica sobre a sede como mecanismo suficiente para prevenir a desidratação tanto durante quanto após o exercício.


Assuntos
Humanos , Sede/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo/fisiologia
3.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-224281

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar si la hidratación combinada (sistémico y superficial) disminuye síntomas vocales y mejora la eficiencia glótica en una muestra de estudiantes de Logopedia. Material y Métodos: Estudio cuasi-experimental con grupo Hidratación (N=20) y grupo Control (N=19) con valoración pre y post-hidratación (ingesta de agua 1.500 ml/día e inhalaciones dos veces/día durante una semana). Se analizaron factores deshidratantes relacionados con la voz (uso vocal, tabaco, alcohol, café, respiración bucal), síntomas vocales y eficiencia glótica a través del Tiempo Máximo Fonación, Fo, Jitter % y Shimmer %, usando Multi-Dimensional Voice Program (MDVP). Resultados: Grupo Hidratación disminuyó significativamente sequedad (p = 0,013), carraspeo (p = 0,005), fatiga vocal (p = 0,015), dolor faríngeo (p = 0,009), Shimmer % (p = 0,048) frente al grupo Control que sólo disminuyó el carraspeo (p = 0,02). Conclusiones: La hidratación combinada puede ser una medida útil para mejorar la salud vocal de los futuros logopedas. (AU


Objective: To evaluate if a combined hydration (systemic and superficial) decreases the vocal symptoms and improves the glottic efficiency in a sample of university students of Speech therapist. Material and Methods: Quasi-experimental study with Hydration group (N=20) and Control group (N=19) with pre and post-hydration assessment (water intake 1.500 ml/day and steam twice/day for a week). Voice-related dehydrating factors (vocal use, tobacco, alcohol, coffee, oral breathing), vocal symptoms and glottic efficiency through Maximum Phonation Time, Fo, Jitter % and Shimmer %, using Multi-Dimensional Voice Program (MDVP) were analyzed. Results: Hydration group significantly decreased dryness (p = .013=, throat clearing (p = .005), vocal fatigue (p = .015), pain throat (p = .009) and Shimmer % (p = .048) compared to the Control group, which only decreased throat clearing (p = .02). Discussion: The combined hydration may be a useful measure to improve vocal health for future speech-language-pathologists. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Distúrbios da Voz , Estudantes , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo , Espanha , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto
4.
Skin Res Technol ; 29(3): e13218, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36973986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skin measurements of transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and stratum corneum hydration (SCH) reflect different aspects of skin physiology. Since epidermal water loss depends on epidermal-to-air water vapor gradients, a possible quantitative relationship between TEWL and SCH may exist. This investigation's purpose was to test the possible TEWL-SCH relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SCH and TEWL were measured noninvasively on forearm and palmer thenar eminence (hand) in 40 young adults (20 males) along with total body fat percentage (FAT) via bioimpedance. RESULTS: A significant positive nonlinear correlation (p < 0.001) was detected between SCH and TEWL in hands of the male cohort that occurred when SCH exceeded a threshold level. This threshold level was not exceeded in male or female forearms and forearms did not display a SCH-TEWL correlation. There was a weak inverse dependence of TEWL on FAT on both forearm and hand (p < 0.05), but no SCH-FAT relationship was observed. TEWL values on the forearm and hand were moderately correlated with each other (p = 0.002) but SCH values were not. CONCLUSION: The findings clarify the relationship between forearm and palmer hydration and TEWL values, and their relationship to total body fat percentages in young healthy adults. The significant correlation between palmer stratum corneum hydration and palmer TEWL that was discovered in the male but not the female cohort suggests a threshold hydration level for which TEWL depends both on skin barrier function and stratum corneum hydration. This implies that conditions with increased SCH may in part account for elevated TEWL values.


Assuntos
Epiderme , Antebraço , Mãos , Perda Insensível de Água , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Epiderme/química , Epiderme/metabolismo , Epiderme/fisiologia , Antebraço/fisiologia , Mãos/fisiologia , Pele/química , Pele/metabolismo , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Pele , Perda Insensível de Água/fisiologia , Vapor/análise , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo
5.
Enferm. nefrol ; 25(4): 343-351, octubre 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-214110

RESUMO

Introducción: Los pacientes en hemodiálisis pueden presentar alteraciones en su composición corporal, para ello las unidades de nefrología cuentan con herramientas, como son la bioimpedancia y la escala “Malnutrition Inflamation Score” para prevenir, detectar y diagnosticar estados de desnutrición.Objetivos: Evaluar el impacto de una intervención educativa sobre el estado nutricional de los pacientes en hemodiálisis, medido mediante la escala Malnutrición Inflamación y la bioimpedancia.Material y Método: Estudio cuasiexperimental realizado en 48 pacientes sometidos a hemodiálisis. Se analizaron variables sociodemográficas y clínicas, de composición corporal de los pacientes en dos mediciones, mediante bioimpedancia y escala de malnutrición MIS.Los pacientes que presentaron una puntuación de la escala MIS≥6 recibieron una intervención nutricional, evaluándolos nuevamente a los 6 meses.Resultados: La media de edad fue de 69,9±13,6 años, 29 (60,41%) eran hombres. Los pacientes llevaban en tratamiento con hemodiálisis una mediana de tiempo de 24(P25:10,3-P75:59,3) meses.Los pacientes que presentaron valores de la escala MIS≥6 fueron 24(50%), recibiendo la intervención educativa.En los pacientes que no recibieron la intervención el resultado MIS empeoró a los 6 meses (3,4 vs 5,4, p=0,002).Conclusiones: Aquellas personas que no recibieron una intervención educativa empeoraron sus resultados nutricionales frente a quienes si la recibieron. Cabe destacar la importancia de utilizar de forma sistematizada instrumentos validados, como la bioimpedancia y la escala MIS, para hacer un seguimiento del estado nutricional de los pacientes en hemodiálisis. (AU)


Introduction:Hemodialysis patients may present alterations in body composition. Nephrology units have tools such as bioimpedance and the Malnutrition Inflammation Score (MIS) to prevent, detect and diagnose malnutrition.Objective:To assess the impact of an educational interven-tion on the nutritional status of hemodialysis patients using the MIS and bioimpedance.Material and Method:Quasi-experimental study carried out in 48 hemodialysis patients. Sociodemographic and clinical variables as well as patient body composition were analysed in two measurements using bioimpedance and MIS. Patients with an MIS≥6 received a nutritional intervention, with a re-assessment at 6 months.Results: Mean age was 69.9±13.6 years; 29 (60.41%) were male. Patients had been on hemodialysis for a median of 24 (P25:10.3-P75:59.3) months. Patients with MIS values≥6 were 24 (50%), receiving such an educational intervention. In patients who did not receive the intervention the MIS value worsened at 6 months (3.4 vs. 5.4, p=0.002).Conclusions: People who did not receive an educational intervention worsened their nutritional outcomes compared to those who did. The importance of systematically using validated instruments such as bioimpedance and the MIS to monitor the nutritional status of hemodialysis patients should be emphasised. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Desnutrição , Enfermagem em Nefrologia , Diálise Renal , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo , Composição Corporal , Educação Alimentar e Nutricional
6.
Nutr. hosp ; 39(5): 1037-1046, sep.-oct. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-213961

RESUMO

Background: the evaluation of hydration status and body composition in patients with kidney disease is vital for proper management, since overhydration is associated with cardiovascular complications. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) begin to show perceptible alterations in hydration during the intermediate stages of the disease; however, there is little information regarding the evaluation of blood volume status through bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) in this population. Objective: to determine the association between hydration status measured with BIVA and biochemical and clinical parameters and mortality in patients with stage G3a, G3b and G4 CKD. Material and methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted with patients with stage G3a, G3b and G4 CKD who underwent bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). The following biochemical and clinical parameters were determined: serum and urinary albumin, hematocrit, serum electrolytes and creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, using the CKD-EPI formula), 24-hour urine output and blood pressure. The clinical and biochemical variables were associated with the components of the BIA. According to the resistance/height (R/H) and reactance/height (Xc/H) values, the BIVA results were individually plotted on reference ellipses to identify patients with abnormal hydration states. The patients were classified by group according to hydration status and CKD stage z-scores, and differences in clinical, biochemical and BIA parameters were identified. Mortality was determined by hydration status. (AU)


Antecedentes: la evaluación del estado de hidratación y la composición corporal es imprescindible para los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) en estadios intermedios, ya que en esta etapa inician con alteraciones hídricas perceptibles; sin embargo, existe poca información en dicha población sobre la evaluación del estado de volemia mediante el análisis de vectores de bioimpedancia eléctrica (BIVA). Objetivo: asociar el estado de hidratación medido por BIVA con parámetros bioquímicos, clínicos y mortalidad en pacientes con ERC G3a G3b y G4 Material y métodos: estudio transversal en el cual se incluyó a pacientes con ERC en estadios G3a G3b y G4 a los que se les realizó un análisis de impedancia bioeléctrica (IBE) y en los que se determinaron parámetros bioquímicos y clínicos: albúmina sérica y urinaria, hematocrito, electrólitos y creatinina séricos, tasa de filtrado glomerular estimada (TFGe) (fórmula CKD-EPI), diuresis de 24 horas y presión arterial. Las variables clínicas y bioquímicas se asociaron con los componentes de la IBE. Los valores de resistencia/estatura (R/H) y reactancia/estatura (Xc/H) se graficaron individualmente sobre las elipses de referencia para identificar a pacientes con estados de hidratación anormales. Se ubicaron grupos según el estado de hidratación y estadio de ERC en z-score y se identificaron las diferencias de parámetros clínicos, bioquímicos y de IBE. Se determinó la mortalidad según el estado de hidratación. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo , Estudos Transversais , Composição Corporal , Impedância Elétrica
7.
Nature ; 608(7922): 374-380, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35831501

RESUMO

Food and water are rewarding in part because they satisfy our internal needs1,2. Dopaminergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) are activated by gustatory rewards3-5, but how animals learn to associate these oral cues with the delayed physiological effects of ingestion is unknown. Here we show that individual dopaminergic neurons in the VTA respond to detection of nutrients or water at specific stages of ingestion. A major subset of dopaminergic neurons tracks changes in systemic hydration that occur tens of minutes after thirsty mice drink water, whereas different dopaminergic neurons respond to nutrients in the gastrointestinal tract. We show that information about fluid balance is transmitted to the VTA by a hypothalamic pathway and then re-routed to downstream circuits that track the oral, gastrointestinal and post-absorptive stages of ingestion. To investigate the function of these signals, we used a paradigm in which a fluid's oral and post-absorptive effects can be independently manipulated and temporally separated. We show that mice rapidly learn to prefer one fluid over another based solely on its rehydrating ability and that this post-ingestive learning is prevented if dopaminergic neurons in the VTA are selectively silenced after consumption. These findings reveal that the midbrain dopamine system contains subsystems that track different modalities and stages of ingestion, on timescales from seconds to tens of minutes, and that this information is used to drive learning about the consequences of ingestion.


Assuntos
Dopamina , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos , Hipotálamo , Vias Neurais , Nutrientes , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo , Área Tegmentar Ventral , Animais , Sinais (Psicologia) , Digestão , Dopamina/metabolismo , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/fisiologia , Ingestão de Alimentos , Trato Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Hipotálamo/citologia , Hipotálamo/fisiologia , Mesencéfalo/citologia , Mesencéfalo/fisiologia , Camundongos , Nutrientes/metabolismo , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo/efeitos dos fármacos , Recompensa , Fatores de Tempo , Área Tegmentar Ventral/citologia , Área Tegmentar Ventral/fisiologia , Água/metabolismo , Água/farmacologia , Equilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico
8.
O.F.I.L ; 32(3): 304-306, julio 2022. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-208789

RESUMO

Las fístulas, especialmente las de alto débito, frecuentemente precisan hidratación y reposición electrolítica agresiva, destacando las pérdidas de sodio como principal complicación hidroelectrolítica.Varón de 53 años intervenido en julio de 2017 y que en noviembre 2018 ingresó para reconstrucción del tránsito intestinal. Tras varias intervenciones quirúrgicas apareció una fístula pioestercoracea de alto débito a nivel de íleo. El manejo de la fístula fue conservador con nutrición parenteral total individualizada lográndose balance hidroelectrolítico óptimo. Posteriormente el paciente perdió tanto el acceso venoso central como los periféricos, siendo imposible la canalización de una vía periférica en varios días. Durante este periodo el paciente desarrolló una hiponatremia severa que desde el servicio de Farmacia fue abordada por la vía oral con una solución de hidratación específica, como la solución de St Marks, que se caracteriza por su alto contenido en sodio y bajo en potasio para evitar hiperpotasemias que pueden dar lugar en estos pacientes. Con el tratamiento instaurado se logró recuperar las cifras de natremia evitando complicaciones neurológicas hasta que finalmente se canalizó una vía periférica. En nuestro paciente esta solución resultó ser efectiva logrando remontar drásticamente las cifras de natremia cercana a valores normales. Así pues, la solución de St Marks puede ser una alternativa a la vía intravenosa cuando no esté disponible o ser incluso complementaria a ésta. (AU)


Fistulas, especially those with high output, frequently require hydration and aggressive electrolyte replacement, highlighting sodium losses as the main hydroelectrolytic complication.53-year-old man who underwent surgery in July 2017 and who was admitted in November 2018 for intestinal transit reconstruction. After several surgical interventions, a high-output piostercoraceous fistula appeared at the ileus level. Management of the fistula was conservative with individualized total parenteral nutrition, achieving optimal fluid and electrolyte balance. Subsequently, the patient lost both the central and peripheral venous access, being several days without vascular access. During this period, the patient developed severe hyponatremia that the Pharmacy service treated orally with a specific hydration solution, St Marks’s solution, which is characterized by its high sodium and low potassium content to avoid hyperkalemias that can give rise in these patients. With the established treatment, it was possible to recover the levels of natraemia avoiding neurological complications until finally peripheral venous catheterization was placed. In our patient, this solution turned out to be effective, managing to drastically raise the levels of natraemia close to normal values. Thus, the St Marks solution can be an alternative to the intravenous access when it is not available or even be complementary to it. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo , Sódio , Terapêutica , Hiponatremia , Fístula/terapia , Pacientes
9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 1938, 2022 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35121798

RESUMO

Water unavailability is an abiotic stress causing unfavourable conditions for life. Nevertheless, some animals evolved anhydrobiosis, a strategy allowing for the reversible organism dehydration and suspension of metabolism as a direct response to habitat desiccation. Anhydrobiotic animals undergo biochemical changes synthesizing bioprotectants to help combat desiccation stresses. One stress is the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, the eutardigrade Paramacrobiotus spatialis was used to investigate the occurrence of ROS associated with the desiccation process. We observed that the production of ROS significantly increases as a function of time spent in anhydrobiosis and represents a direct demonstration of oxidative stress in tardigrades. The degree of involvement of bioprotectants, including those combating ROS, in the P. spatialis was evaluated by perturbing their gene functions using RNA interference and assessing the successful recovery of animals after desiccation/rehydration. Targeting the glutathione peroxidase gene compromised survival during drying and rehydration, providing evidence for the role of the gene in desiccation tolerance. Targeting genes encoding glutathione reductase and catalase indicated that these molecules play roles during rehydration. Our study also confirms the involvement of aquaporins 3 and 10 during rehydration. Therefore, desiccation tolerance depends on the synergistic action of many different molecules working together.


Assuntos
Desidratação , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Tardígrados/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Aquaporina 3/genética , Aquaporina 3/metabolismo , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Glucosiltransferases/genética , Glucosiltransferases/metabolismo , Tardígrados/genética , Fatores de Tempo , Trealose/metabolismo
11.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 23(1): 93-100, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35092376

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of chemotherapy-induced adverse events and the associated risk factors in pediatric patients with osteosarcoma. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study enrolled 90 pediatric osteosarcoma patients (with 1,017 chemotherapy cycles) treated at Srinagarind Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand, between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2018. The prevalence of major adverse events and a correlation between baseline characteristics and adverse events were analyzed using a generalized estimating equation model. RESULT: The prevalence of adverse events in 90 pediatric osteosarcoma patients (with 1,017 chemotherapy cycles) was determined as chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (29.2%; n=296), hepatotoxicity (21.2%; n=215), anemia (70.69%; n=719), neutropenia (26.65%; n=271), and thrombocytopenia (13.65%; n=139). Factors associated with chemotherapy-induced hepatotoxicity included methotrexate dose ≥ 12 g/m2 (odds ratio [OR] 1.30; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.22-1.39; P<0.001), plasma concentration of methotrexate at 72 hours >0.1 µM (OR 1.22; 95% CI 1.19-1.25; P<0.001), and pre-hydration rate ≤ 125 mL/m2/h (OR 1.10; 95% CI 1.07-1.12; P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Major adverse events are becoming more common in pediatric osteosarcoma patients, and risk factors include larger chemotherapy doses, higher plasma methotrexate concentrations, and a slower pre-hydration rate. The outcomes of the study could aid in the better treatment of toxicity in children with osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Náusea/induzido quimicamente , Náusea/epidemiologia , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Neutropenia/epidemiologia , Razão de Chances , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo/efeitos dos fármacos , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tailândia/epidemiologia , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Vômito/induzido quimicamente , Vômito/epidemiologia
12.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 1216, 2022 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35075255

RESUMO

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients have alterations in body composition. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) evaluates body composition, hydration status, and fluid distribution. Subjects with fluid disturbances have been found to have lower FEV1, respiratory muscle strength, and poor prognosis. We aimed to evaluate the effect of hydration status and fluid distribution on pulmonary function in COPD patients. A cross-sectional study, 180 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COPD were included. Patients with asthma, advanced renal or liver disease, acute HF, exacerbation of COPD, or pacemakers were excluded. Hydration status variables (TBW, ECW, ICW) and disturbance of fluid distribution [impedance ratio (IR) > 0.84 and phase angle (PhA)] were evaluated by BIA. Pulmonary function was assessed by spirometry. The mean population age was 71.55 ± 8.94 years; 55% were men. Subjects were divided into two groups according to the IR ≥ 0.84 or < 0.84. The group with higher IR ≥ 0.84 had lower FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC, DLCO and, PhA compared to those with IR < 0.84. After adjusting for confounding variables TBW, ECW, IR ≥ 0.84, PhA, and resistance/height increase were associated with decreased FEV1. In the same way, with IR ≥ 0.84, edema index ≥ 0.48, trunk and abdominal IR were negatively associated with FVC, and PhA had a positive association with FVC. Fluid distribution, especially IR and PhA, could be a useful parameter for predicting pulmonary function in COPD patients.


Assuntos
Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Composição Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Capacidade Vital
13.
Nutrients ; 14(2)2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35057468

RESUMO

The body's water and sodium balances are tightly regulated and monitored by the brain. Few studies have explored the relationship between water and salt intake, and whether sodium intake with different levels of fluid intake leads to changes in hydration status remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine the patterns of water intake and hydration status among young adults with different levels of daily salt intakes. Participants' total drinking fluids and water from food were determined by a 7-day 24-h fluid intake questionnaire for 7 days (from Day 1 to Day 7) and duplicate portion method (Day 5, Day 6 and Day 7). Urine of 24 h for 3 days (Day 5, Day 6 and Day 7) was collected and tested for the osmolality, the urine-specific gravity (USG), the concentrations of electrolytes, pH, creatinine, uric acid and the urea. The fasting blood samples for 1 day (Day 6) were collected and measured for the osmolality and the concentrations of electrolytes. The salt intakes of the participants were evaluated from the concentrations of Na of 24 h urine of 3 days (Day 5, Day 6 and Day 7). Participants were divided into four groups according to the quartile of salt intake, including the low salt intake (LS1), LS2, high salt intake (HS1) and HS2 groups. In total, 156 participants (including 80 male and 76 female young adults) completed the study. The salt intakes were 7.6, 10.9, 14.7 and 22.4 g among participants in the four groups (LS1, LS2, HS1 and HS2 groups, respectively), which differed significantly in all groups (F = 252.020; all p < 0.05). Compared to the LS1 and LS2 groups, the HS2 group had 310-381, 250-358 and 382-655 mL more amounts of water from the total water intake (TWI), total drinking fluids and water from food (all p < 0.05), respectively. Participants in the HS2 group had 384-403, 129-228 and 81-114 mL more in the water, water from dishes and staple foods, respectively, than those in the groups of LS1 and LS2 (p < 0.05). The HS2 group excreted 386-793 mL more urine than those in the groups of LS1 and LS2 (p < 0.05). However, regarding urine osmolality, the percentage of participants with optimal hydration status decreased from 41.0% in LS1 and LS2 to 25.6% in the HS2 group (p < 0.05). Participants with higher salt intake had higher TWI, total drinking fluids and water from food. Nevertheless, they had inferior hydration status. A reduction in salt intake should be encouraged among young adults to maintain optimal hydration status.


Assuntos
Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Ingestão de Líquidos , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta/análise , Estudos Transversais , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Concentração Osmolar , Sódio/urina , Gravidade Específica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Urinálise , Adulto Jovem
14.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e57233, Jan. 14, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363844

RESUMO

Despite numerous studies related to dehydration there is still a lack of scientific literature presenting hydration status and fluid intake of judo athletes during different periods. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate, fluid intake, hydration status and body weight changes of young judo athletes during a typical day of training in preparation period. Twenty-two young judo athletes (age: 12 ± 0.7 y, experience: 3.5 ± 1.1) voluntarily participated in this study. Hydration status and weight were examined in the morning, before and immediately after the training. All athletes trained 90 min and they consumed fluids ad libitum during the exercise. According to morning urine specific gravity (USG) values, 81.2% of the athletes were dehydrated while only 18.8% of the athletes were euhydrated. Pre-training urine measurements showed that 63.64% of the athletes presented dehydration and 77.27% of the athletes completed the training in dehydrated condition despite fluid availability during the training. Mean body weight loss during training was -0.64 ± 0.66%. It can be concluded that young judo athletes presented high prevalence of dehydration as indicated by USG values. Most of the athletes were dehydrated during a typical training day and completed the training in more dehydrated conditions compared to pre training values despite ad libitum fluid intake. It is of great importance to evaluate hydration status of the athletes before training to refrain from common practice of fluid restriction for weight loss and adverse effects of a persistent state of fluid deficit on physical and health related state.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Artes Marciais , Ingestão de Líquidos , Atletas , Tutoria , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo/fisiologia , Urina/fisiologia , Alterações do Peso Corporal , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Prevalência , Desidratação , Comportamento de Ingestão de Líquido/fisiologia
15.
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol ; 322(1): R1-R13, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786980

RESUMO

Metaboreflex activation augments sweating during mild-to-moderate hyperthermia in euhydrated (isosmotic isovolemic) individuals. Recent work indicates that extracellular hyperosmolality may augment metaboreflex-mediated elevations in sympathetic nervous activity. Our primary objective was, therefore, to test the hypothesis that extracellular hyperosmolality would exacerbate metaboreflex-mediated increases in sweat rate. On two separate occasions, 12 young men [means (SD): 25 (5) yr] received a 90-min intravenous infusion of either 0.9% saline (isosmotic condition, ISO) or 3.0% saline (hyperosmotic condition, HYP), resulting in a postinfusion serum osmolality of 290 (3) and 301 (7) mosmol/kgH2O, respectively. A whole body water perfusion suit was then used to increase esophageal temperature by 0.8°C above resting. Participants then performed a metaboreflex activation protocol consisting of 90-s isometric handgrip exercise (40% of their predetermined maximum voluntary contraction), followed by 150 s of brachial occlusion (trapping produced metabolites within the limb). Metaboreflex-induced sweating was quantified as the change in global sweat rate (from preisometric handgrip exercise to brachial occlusion), estimated as the surface area-weighted average of local sweat rate on the abdomen, axilla, chest, bicep, quadriceps, and calf, measured using ventilated capsules (3.8 cm2). We also explored whether this response differed between body regions. The change in global sweat rate due to metaboreflex activation was significantly greater in HYP compared with ISO (0.03 mg/min/cm2 [95% confidence interval: 0.00, 0.06]; P = 0.047), but was not modulated by body region (site × condition interaction: P = 0.679). These findings indicate that extracellular hyperosmolality augments metaboreflex-induced increases in global sweat rate, with no evidence for region-specific differences.


Assuntos
Células Quimiorreceptoras/metabolismo , Metabolismo Energético , Hipertermia/fisiopatologia , Contração Isométrica , Músculo Esquelético/inervação , Solução Salina Hipertônica/administração & dosagem , Sudorese , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo , Pressão Osmótica , Adulto Jovem
16.
Horiz. enferm ; 33(1): 96-108, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367866

RESUMO

El daño renal está reconocido como la reducción de la función renal, el cual se ve generalmente reflejado por una caída en la diuresis. A nivel mundial, el porcentaje de personas que padece daño renal va en aumento, esto debido a múltiples aspectos. En este sentido, se reconoce que el personal de enfermería es quien idóneamente tiene un gran rol en la educación de la población, para la prevención del daño renal agudo, previniendo con ello el daño renal crónico. De esta manera, en el escrito se abordan aspectos generales más relevantes, de la hidratación, la alimentación, la actividad física, el consumo de alcohol, la automedicación y la prevención de infecciones de las vías urinarias, como parte de los aspectos modificables y en los que las personas tienen directa injerencia en sus acciones, con la debida información, con los que el personal de enfermería puede reforzar sus recursos en materia de educación a la población. De la misma manera, se muestran estudios de diseño cuasiexperimental, como una manera de resaltar que puede medirse el impacto de la educación en la población en una época en donde requerimos tener mayor evidencia de la efectividad de las intervenciones que realicemos.


Renal insufficiency it is recognized as the reduction of the renal function, reflected by the decreased urine output. Worldwide, the amount of people whom have renal insufficiency it is growing, by many reasons. Because of this, is recognized that nursing staff is the best option at the population education, in order to prevent acute renal insufficiency, preventing with this, chronical renal insufficiency. In this document, it is possible to review, the most important general aspects of hydration, feeding, physical activity, alcohol consumption, self-medication and prevention of urinary tract infections, as part of modifiable aspects that people handle as part of their personal health actions, with the proper information, with which nursing staff can strengthen their resources in health education to the population. In this way, this paper shows some quasi-experimental studies, as a way to highlight that it is possible to measure the impact of population education, in a moment that the health system requires more evidence of the effectiveness of the interventions.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Insuficiência Renal , Injúria Renal Aguda , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Automedicação , Infecções Urinárias , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Exercício Físico , Educação em Saúde , Insuficiência Renal/dietoterapia , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo/fisiologia
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 927-932, 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405236

RESUMO

RESUMEN: La Bioimpedancia Eléctrica (BIA), al ser una técnica no invasiva pero de elevada precisión, se ha convertido en la actualidad en una herramienta valiosa para determinar la composición corporal en militares, facilitado el control de las distintas variables que se asocian a cada especialidad. El objetivo del presente estudio fue describir el perfil de composición corporal en militares de elite al momento de finalizar un curso de especialización. Participaron 11 militares con un rango de edad entre 22 y 29 años. Se evalúo la composición corporal a través de BIA, inmediatamente después de finalizado un curso de especialización para militares de élite. Las evaluaciones en los militares sobre las variables de la composición corporal a través de BIA mostraron: peso corporal de 84,3 ± 4,52 kg, talla 1,78 ± 0,06 m, índice de masa corporal (IMC) 26,5 ± 1,09, tejido adiposo de 13,7 ± 3,65 %, tejido muscular 49,5 ± 2,34 %, masa libre de grasa 72,7 ± 5,23 kg y 53,2 ± 3,78 l de agua corporal total. Conclusiones: Los militares de elite presentaron elevados niveles de masa libre de grasa, tejido muscular y bajos niveles de tejido adiposo lo que favorece el desarrollo de las actividades militares especializadas y disminuye el riesgo de lesiones. Los datos aquí recogidos sirven como marco de referencia para futuros estudios.


SUMMARY: Electrical bioimpedance (BIA), being a non- invasive technique but with high precision, has become a valuable tool for determining body composition in the military, facilitating the control of the different variables associated with each specialty. The aim of the present study was to describe the body composition profile of elite military personnel at the end of a specialization course. Eleven military personnel between 22 and 29 years of age participated in the study. Body composition was assessed by BIA immediately after completion of a specialization course for elite military personnel. Assessments in the military on body composition variables through BIA showed: body weight of 84.3 ± 4.52 kg, height 1.78 ± 0.06 m, body mass index (BMI) 26.5 ± 1.09, adipose tissue of 13.7 ± 3.65 %, muscle tissue 49.5 ± 2.34 %, fat free mass 72.7 ± 5.23 kg and 53.2 ± 3.78 l of total body water. Conclusions: Elite military personnel presented high levels of fat free mass, muscle tissue and low levels of adipose tissue which favors the development of specialized military activities and decreases the risk of injury. The data collected here serve as a frame of reference for future studies.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Composição Corporal , Militares , Índice de Massa Corporal , Chile , Tecido Adiposo , Impedância Elétrica , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo
18.
Nutr. hosp ; 39(Esp. 3): 17-20, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-212533

RESUMO

El agua es un nutriente esencial para la salud. La ingesta inadecuada de agua induce estados de deshidratación e hipovolemia, lo que causa un aumento de la osmolalidad plasmática proporcional a la disminución del agua corporal. La restricción de la ingesta hídrica puede tener efectos nocivos sobre la salud cardiovascular al verse afectada la función endotelial y al aumentar la viscosidad de la sangre, el hematocrito y el fibrinógeno. Una hidratación adecuada se asocia con menor riesgo de enfermedad coronaria mortal. La obesidad y la diabetes son factores de riesgo de la enfermedad cardiovascular. La hipohidratación se relaciona con aumento de peso y de obesidad. Se ha evidenciado una asociación entre la ingesta adecuada de agua y una composición corporal más saludable. Existe una relación inversa entre el consumo de agua y el peso, la grasa corporal y la circunferencia de la cintura. Asimismo, el consumo de agua disminuye el riesgo de hiperglucemia y de diabetes tipo 2. Respecto a la composición del agua, se ha observado una asociación positiva entre el nivel de calcio y de magnesio y la salud cardiovascular. Por otra parte, la hidratación afecta a la capacidad cognitiva. Una disminución de la ingesta líquida y la deshidratación tienen un impacto negativo en el rendimiento cognitivo (atención, memoria, aprendizaje y funciones ejecutivas), mejorando la función cognitiva con la rehidratación. (AU)


Water is an essential nutrient for health. Inadequate water intake induces states of dehydration and hypovolemia,causing an increase in plasma osmolality proportional to the decrease in body water. Restricting water intake can have harmful effects on cardiovascular health by affecting endothelial function and increasing the viscosity of blood, haematocrit and fibrinogen. Adequate hydration is associated with lower risk of deadly coronary heart disease. Obesity and diabetes are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Hypohydration is linked to weight gain and obesity. An association between adequate water intake and healthier body composition has been evidenced, there is an inverse relationship between water consumption and weight, body fat and waist circumference. In addition, water consumption decreases the risk of hyperglycemia and type 2 diabetes. Regarding the composition of water, a positive association between the level of calcium and magnesium and cardiovascular health has been observed. On the other hand, hydration also affects cognitive ability. Decreased fluid intake and dehydration have a negative impact on cognitive performance (attention, memory, learning and executive functions), improving cognitive function with rehydration. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Água , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Cognição , Desidratação , Hipovolemia , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo
19.
Nutrients ; 13(12)2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34959749

RESUMO

Using palatable fluids to enhance drinking in athletes who display insufficient compensatory hydration behaviour may mitigate the risks of hypohydration and performance deficits. However, it is unclear whether flavour can independently enhance fluid consumption. This study examined the effects of a colourless, artificially sweetened flavoured water (FW), without carbohydrates and with negligible amounts of sodium, compared to plain water (W) on fluid consumption in male collegiate basketball players in a practical game setting. Eighteen male basketball players (age 23.1 ± 1.3 years) played a 3v3 basketball small-sided game. The players were randomly assigned to consume either FW or W. Pre-game urine-specific gravity, fluid consumption, body mass, and hedonic taste perceptions were assessed. Basketball performance was analysed through notational analysis. Ratings of perceived exertion and thirst were recorded at pre-, post-game, and at each rest period. Heart rate was recorded throughout the gameplay. Despite significantly higher hedonic ratings for FW than W (6.78 ± 0.83 vs. 5.56 ± 1.33, p = 0.033, d = 1.36), there were no significant differences in fluid consumption (1083 ± 32 mL vs. 1421 ± 403 mL, p = 0.068, d = 0.92). Our result highlighted that using palatable fluids as a strategy to increase fluid consumption during high-intensity gameplay in the heat may not be effective if used without carbohydrates and electrolytes. Practitioners could consider both fluid palatability and composition in establishing a hydration plan for athletes.


Assuntos
Atletas/psicologia , Basquetebol/psicologia , Desidratação/prevenção & controle , Água Potável/administração & dosagem , Aromatizantes/administração & dosagem , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Basquetebol/fisiologia , Comportamento de Ingestão de Líquido , Água Potável/química , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/prevenção & controle , Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo/fisiologia , Filosofia , Percepção Gustatória , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 22835, 2021 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819547

RESUMO

In the current study, an eco-friendly management technology to improve young carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) tree tolerance to water deficit was set up by using single or combined treatments of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and/or compost (C). Two groups of young carob have been installed: (i) carob cultivated under well-watered conditions (WW; 70% field capacity (FC)) and (ii) where the plants were drought-stressed (DS; 35% FC) during 2, 4, 6, and 8 months. The effect of used biofertilizers on the course of growth, physiological (photosynthetic traits, water status, osmolytes, and mineral content), and biochemical (hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), oxidative damage to lipids (malondialdehyde (MDA), and membrane stability (MS)) traits in response to short- and long-term droughts were assessed. The dual application of AMF and C (C + AMF) boosted growth, physiological and biochemical parameters, and nutrient uptake in carob under WW and DS. After eight months, C + AMF significantly enhanced stomatal conductance by 20%, maximum photochemical efficiency of PSII by 7%, leaf water potential by 23%, chlorophyll and carotenoid by 40%, plant uptake of mineral nutrients (P by 75%, N by 46%, K+ by 35%, and Ca2+ by 40%), concentrations of soluble sugar by 40%, and protein content by 44% than controls under DS conditions. Notably, C + AMF reduced the accumulation of H2O2 and MDA content to a greater degree and increased MS. In contrast, enzyme activities (superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase, and polyphenoloxidase) significantly increased in C + AMF plants under DS. Overall, our findings suggest that the pairing of C + AMF can mediate superior drought tolerance in young carob trees by increasing leaf stomatal conductance, cellular water content, higher solute concentration, and defense response against oxidative damage during the prolonged period of DS.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Secas , Fabaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Micorrizas/fisiologia , Agricultura Orgânica , Estresse Fisiológico , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Fabaceae/metabolismo , Fabaceae/microbiologia , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Simbiose , Árvores/metabolismo , Árvores/microbiologia , Água/metabolismo
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