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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612551

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a solid-tumor malignancy. To enhance the treatment landscape of PDAC, a 3D model optimized for rigorous drug screening is essential. Within the PDAC tumor microenvironment, a dense stroma comprising a large extracellular matrix and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) is well-known for its vital role in modulating tumor growth, cellular heterogeneity, bidirectional paracrine signaling, and chemoresistance. In this study, we employed a fibroblast-populated collagen lattice (FPCL) modeling approach that has the ability to replicate fibroblast contractility in the collagenous matrix to build dense stroma. This FPCL model allows CAF differentiation by facilitating multifaceted cell-cell interactions between cancer cells and CAFs, with the differentiation further influenced by mechanical forces and hypoxia carried within the 3D structure. Our FPCL models displayed hallmark features, including ductal gland structures and differentiated CAFs with spindle shapes. Through morphological explorations alongside in-depth transcriptomic and metabolomic profiling, we identified substantial molecular shifts from the nascent to mature model stages and potential metabolic biomarkers, such as proline. The initial pharmacological assays highlighted the effectiveness of our FPCL model in screening for improved therapeutic strategies. In conclusion, our PDAC modeling platform mirrors complex tumor microenvironmental dynamics and offers an unparalleled perspective for therapeutic exploration.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Microambiente Tumoral , Pâncreas , Hormônios Pancreáticos , Colágeno
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612888

RESUMO

Ionic channels are present in eucaryotic plasma and intracellular membranes. They coordinate and control several functions. Potassium channels belong to the most diverse family of ionic channels that includes ATP-dependent potassium (KATP) channels in the potassium rectifier channel subfamily. These channels were initially described in heart muscle and then in other tissues such as pancreatic, skeletal muscle, brain, and vascular and non-vascular smooth muscle tissues. In pancreatic beta cells, KATP channels are primarily responsible for maintaining the membrane potential and for depolarization-mediated insulin release, and their decreased density and activity may be related to insulin resistance. KATP channels' relationship with insulin resistance is beginning to be explored in extra-pancreatic beta tissues like the skeletal muscle, where KATP channels are involved in insulin-dependent glucose recapture and their activation may lead to insulin resistance. In adipose tissues, KATP channels containing Kir6.2 protein subunits could be related to the increase in free fatty acids and insulin resistance; therefore, pathological processes that promote prolonged adipocyte KATP channel inhibition might lead to obesity due to insulin resistance. In the central nervous system, KATP channel activation can regulate peripheric glycemia and lead to brain insulin resistance, an early peripheral alteration that can lead to the development of pathologies such as obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). In this review, we aim to discuss the characteristics of KATP channels, their relationship with clinical disorders, and their mechanisms and potential associations with peripheral and central insulin resistance.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Resistência à Insulina , Humanos , Canais de Potássio , Insulina , Insulina Regular Humana , Hormônios Pancreáticos , Canais KATP , Obesidade , Potássio , Trifosfato de Adenosina
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(6)2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542184

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is a lethal disease, harboring a five-year overall survival rate of only 13%. Current treatment approaches thus require modulation, with attention shifting towards liberating the stalled efficacy of immunotherapies. Select chemotherapy drugs which possess inherent immune-modifying behaviors could revitalize immune activity against pancreatic tumors and potentiate immunotherapeutic success. In this study, we characterized the influence of gemcitabine, a chemotherapy drug approved for the treatment of pancreatic cancer, on tumor antigen presentation by human leukocyte antigen class I (HLA-I). Gemcitabine increased pancreatic cancer cells' HLA-I mRNA transcripts, total protein, surface expression, and surface stability. Temperature-dependent assay results indicated that the increased HLA-I stability may be due to reduced binding of low affinity peptides. Mass spectrometry analysis confirmed changes in the HLA-I-presented peptide pool post-treatment, and computational predictions suggested improved affinity and immunogenicity of peptides displayed solely by gemcitabine-treated cells. Most of the gemcitabine-exclusive peptides were derived from unique source proteins, with a notable overrepresentation of translation-related proteins. Gemcitabine also increased expression of select immunoproteasome subunits, providing a plausible mechanism for its modulation of the HLA-I-bound peptidome. Our work supports continued investigation of immunotherapies, including peptide-based vaccines, to be used with gemcitabine as new combination treatment modalities for pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Gencitabina , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Apresentação de Antígeno , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Peptídeos , Antígenos de Neoplasias/uso terapêutico , Hormônios Pancreáticos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(5)2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38473820

RESUMO

New amide conjugates of hydroxycinnamic acids (HCAs) and the known antineoplastic 5,11-dimethyl-5H-indolo[2,3-b]quinoline (DiMIQ), an analog of the natural alkaloid neocryptolepine, were synthesized and tested in vitro for anticancer activity. The compound 9-[((2-hydroxy)cinnamoyl)amino]-5,11-dimethyl-5H-indolo[2,3-b]quinoline (2), which contains the ortho-coumaric acid fragment, demonstrated dose-dependent effectiveness against both normal BxPC-3 and metastatic AsPC-1 pancreatic cancer cells. The IC50 values for AsPC-1 and BxPC-3 were 336.5 nM and 347.5 nM, respectively, with a selectivity index of approximately 5 for both pancreatic cancer cells compared to normal dermal fibroblasts. Conjugate 2 did not exhibit any hemolytic activity against human erythrocytes at the tested concentration. Computational studies were performed to predict the pharmacokinetic profile and potential mechanism of action of the synthesized conjugates. These studies focused on the ADME properties of the conjugates and their interactions with DNA, as well as DNA-topoisomerase alpha and beta complexes. All of the conjugates studied showed approximately one order of magnitude stronger binding to DNA compared to the reference DiMIQ, and approximately two orders of magnitude stronger binding to the topoisomerase II-DNA complex compared to DiMIQ. Conjugate 2 was predicted to have the strongest binding to the enzyme-DNA complex, with a Ki value of 2.8 nM.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Quinolinas , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Hormônios Pancreáticos , Ácidos Cumáricos , Complexos Multienzimáticos , DNA , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Estrutura Molecular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
5.
Pancreas ; 53(3): e260-e267, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a deadly disease due to the lack of early detection. Because chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients are a high-risk group for pancreatic cancer, this study aimed to assess the differential miRNA profile in pancreatic tissue of patients with CP and pancreatic cancer. METHODS: MiRNAs were isolated from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded pancreatic tissue of 22 PDAC patients, 18 CP patients, and 10 normal pancreatic tissues from autopsy (C) cases and processed for next-generation sequencing. Known and novel miRNAs were identified and analyzed for differential miRNA expression, target prediction, and pathway enrichment between groups. RESULTS: Among the miRNAs identified, 166 known and 17 novel miRNAs were found exclusively in PDAC tissues, while 106 known and 10 novel miRNAs were found specifically in CP tissues. The pathways targeted by PDAC-specific miRNAs and differentially expressed miRNAs between PDAC versus CP tissues and PDAC versus control tissues were the proteoglycans pathway, Hippo signaling pathway, adherens junction, and transforming growth factor-ß signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: This study resulted in a set of exclusive and differentially expressed miRNAs in PDAC and CP can be assessed for their diagnostic value. In addition, studying the role of miRNA-target gene interactions in carcinogenesis may open new therapeutic avenues.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Pancreatite Crônica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/metabolismo , Pâncreas/patologia , Pancreatite Crônica/diagnóstico , Pancreatite Crônica/genética , Pancreatite Crônica/complicações , Hormônios Pancreáticos/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(2)2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38256139

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer, notorious for its grim 10% five-year survival rate, poses significant clinical challenges, largely due to late-stage diagnosis and limited therapeutic options. This review delves into the generation of organoids, including those derived from resected tissues, biopsies, pluripotent stem cells, and adult stem cells, as well as the advancements in 3D printing. It explores the complexities of the tumor microenvironment, emphasizing culture media, the integration of non-neoplastic cells, and angiogenesis. Additionally, the review examines the multifaceted properties of graphene oxide (GO), such as its mechanical, thermal, electrical, chemical, and optical attributes, and their implications in cancer diagnostics and therapeutics. GO's unique properties facilitate its interaction with tumors, allowing targeted drug delivery and enhanced imaging for early detection and treatment. The integration of GO with 3D cultured organoid systems, particularly in pancreatic cancer research, is critically analyzed, highlighting current limitations and future potential. This innovative approach has the promise to transform personalized medicine, improve drug screening efficiency, and aid biomarker discovery in this aggressive disease. Through this review, we offer a balanced perspective on the advancements and future prospects in pancreatic cancer research, harnessing the potential of organoids and GO.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Grafite , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Pâncreas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Hormônios Pancreáticos , Microambiente Tumoral
8.
PeerJ ; 12: e16805, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38250721

RESUMO

Background: Pancreatic cancer is a highly aggressive and fatal disease with limited treatment options and poor prognosis for patients. This study aimed to investigate the impact of XYA-2 {N-(3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl)-2-aza-2-deoxychaetoviridin A}, a nitrogenated azaphilon previously reported from a deep-sea-derived fungus on the progression of pancreatic cancer cells. Methods: The inhibitory effects of XYA-2 on cell proliferation, clonogenic potential, cell cycle progression, apoptosis, migration, and invasion were assessed using various assays. The CCK-8 assay, clone formation assay, flow cytometry assay, wound healing assay, and transwell assay were employed to evaluate cell proliferation, clonogenic potential, cell cycle progression, apoptosis, migration, and invasion, respectively. Moreover, we employed RNA-seq and bioinformatics analyses to uncover the underlying mechanism by which XYA-2 influences pancreatic cancer cells. The revealed mechanism was subsequently validated through qRT-PCR. Results: Our results demonstrated that XYA-2 dose-dependently inhibited the proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells and induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Additionally, XYA-2 exerted a significant inhibitory effect on the invasion and migration of cancer cells. Moreover, XYA-2 was found to regulate the expression of genes involved in multiple cancer-related pathways based on our RNA-seq and bioinformatics analysis. Conclusion: These findings highlight the potential of XYA-2 as a promising therapeutic option for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Apoptose , Pâncreas , Proliferação de Células , Hormônios Pancreáticos , Transdução de Sinais
9.
Nutrients ; 16(2)2024 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38276551

RESUMO

Recent studies have implicated pre-beta and beta lipoproteins (VLDL and LDL) in the etiopathogenesis of complications of diabetes mellitus (DM). In contrast, alpha lipoprotein (HDL) is protective of the beta cells of the pancreas. This study examined the distribution of HDL in the islets of Langerhans of murine models of type 1 diabetic rats (streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DM in Wistar rats) and type 2 models of DM rats (Goto-Kakizaki (GK), non-diabetic Zucker lean (ZL), and Zucker diabetic and fatty (ZDF)). The extent by which HDL co-localizes with insulin or glucagon in the islets of the pancreas was also investigated. Pancreatic tissues of Wistar non-diabetic, diabetic Wistar, GK, ZL, and ZDF rats were processed for immunohistochemistry. Pancreatic samples of GK rats fed with either a low-fat or a high-fat diet were prepared for transmission immune-electron microscopy (TIEM) to establish the cytoplasmic localization of HDL in islet cells. HDL was detected in the core and periphery of pancreatic islets of Wistar non-diabetic and diabetic, GK, ZL, and ZDF rats. The average total of islet cells immune positive for HDL was markedly (<0.05) reduced in GK and ZDF rats in comparison to Wistar controls. The number of islet cells containing HDL was also remarkably (p < 0.05) reduced in Wistar diabetic rats and GK models fed on high-fat food. The co-localization study using immunofluorescence and TIEM techniques showed that HDL is detected alongside insulin within the secretory granules of ß-cells. HDL did not co-localize with glucagon. This observation implies that HDL may contribute to the metabolism of insulin.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Ilhotas Pancreáticas , Ratos , Camundongos , Animais , Insulina/metabolismo , Glucagon/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Roedores , Lipoproteínas HDL/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Ratos Zucker , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Hormônios Pancreáticos/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo
10.
STAR Protoc ; 5(1): 102836, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38219150

RESUMO

Here, we present a protocol for rapidly isolating single cells from the mouse pancreas, minimizing damage caused by digestive enzymes in exocrine cells. We guide you through steps to optimize the dissection sequence, enzyme composition, and operational procedures, resulting in high yields of viable pancreatic single cells. This protocol can be applied across a wide range of research areas, including single-cell sequencing, gene expression profiling, primary cell culture, and even the development of spheroids or organoids. For complete details on the use and execution of this protocol, please refer to Jiang et al. (2023).1.


Assuntos
Pâncreas , Hormônios Pancreáticos , Animais , Camundongos , Dissecação , Células Epiteliais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
11.
Pancreas ; 53(3): e233-e239, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38227640

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The local renin-angiotensin system promotes angiogenesis and proliferation via vascular endothelial growth factor or epidermal growth factor receptor expression. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the impact of angiotensin system inhibitors (ASIs) on long-term outcomes in patients undergoing surgical resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: A single institutional retrospective analysis was performed using the medical records of patients who underwent pancreatic resection with curative intent for PDAC between January 2005 and December 2018. Patient characteristics and surgical outcomes were compared between patients taking ASIs and those who are not. RESULTS: A total of 272 patients were included in the study and classified into the ASI group (n = 121) and the non-ASI group (n = 151). The median overall survival times in the ASI group and non-ASI group were 38.0 and 34.0 months ( P = 0.250), and the median recurrence-free survival times were 24.0 and 15.0 months ( P = 0.025), respectively. Multivariate analysis for recurrence-free survival identified the use of ASIs ( P = 0.020), CA19-9 level >500 IU/L ( P = 0.010), positive lymph node metastasis ( P < 0.001), and no adjuvant chemotherapy ( P < 0.001) as independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: The use of ASI may improve long-term outcomes after surgery for PDAC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Hormônios Pancreáticos , Inibidores Enzimáticos
12.
Pancreas ; 53(3): e274-e279, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38277400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with pancreatic disease(s) have a high risk of developing diabetes mellitus (DM). Diabetes mellitus is associated with adverse postoperative outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and effects of DM on postoperative outcomes in pancreatic surgery. METHODS: Subgroup analysis of a prospective cohort study conducted at an academic hospital. Patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy between January 2019 and November 2022 were included and screened for DM preoperatively using glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). New-onset DM was diagnosed based on HbA1c ≥ 6.5% (48 mmol/mol). Postoperative outcomes were compared between patients with and without DM. RESULTS: From 117 patients, 29 (24.8%) were given a diagnosis of DM, and of those, 5 (17.2%) were diagnosed with new-onset DM, and 15 (51.8%) displayed poorly controlled preoperative DM (HbA 1c ≥ 7% [53 mmol/mol]). The incidence of surgical site infections (48.3% vs 27.3% in the non-DM group; P = 0.04) was higher for patients with DM. This association remained significant after adjusting for confounders (odds ratio, 2.60 [95% confidence interval, 1.03-6.66]; P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: One-quarter of the patients scheduled for pancreatoduodenectomy had DM; over half of them had poor glycemic control. The association between DM status and surgical site infections revealed in this study emphasizes the importance of adequate preoperative glycemic control.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus , Humanos , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Exercício Pré-Operatório , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Hormônios Pancreáticos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos
14.
Pancreatology ; 24(2): 197-205, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated that sarcopenia is frequently observed in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP). However, most studies have defined sarcopenia solely based on skeletal muscle (SM) loss, and muscle weakness such as grip strength (GS) reduction has not been considered. We aimed to clarify whether SM loss and reduced GS have different associations with clinical characteristics and pancreatic imaging findings in patients with CP. METHODS: One hundred two patients with CP were enrolled. We defined SM loss by the SM index at the third lumbar vertebra on CT (<42 cm2/m2 for males and <38 cm2/m2 for females), and reduced GS by < 28 kg for males and <18 kg for females. RESULTS: Fifty-seven (55.9 %) patients had SM loss, 21 (20.6 %) had reduced GS, and 17 (16.7 %) had both. Patients with SM loss had lower body mass index, weaker GS, higher Controlling Nutritional Status score, lower serum lipase level, and lower urinary para-aminobenzoic acid excretion rate, suggesting worse nutritional status and pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. On CT, main pancreatic duct dilatation and parenchymal atrophy were more frequent in patients with SM loss than in those without it. Patients with reduced GS were older and had worse nutritional status than those without it. CONCLUSIONS: SM loss was associated with pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, low nutritional status, and pancreatic imaging findings such as parenchymal atrophy and main pancreatic duct dilatation, whereas older age and low nutritional status led to additional reduced GS.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Pancreática Exócrina , Desnutrição , Pancreatopatias , Pancreatite Crônica , Sarcopenia , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Estado Nutricional , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcopenia/etiologia , Pancreatite Crônica/complicações , Pancreatite Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Pancreática Exócrina/complicações , Músculo Esquelético , Hormônios Pancreáticos
15.
Pancreatology ; 24(2): 306-313, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38238193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a severe complication following a pancreatoduodenectomy. An accurate prediction of POPF could assist the surgeon in offering tailor-made treatment decisions. The use of radiomic features has been introduced to predict POPF. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the performance of models predicting POPF using radiomic features and to systematically evaluate the methodological quality. METHODS: Studies with patients undergoing a pancreatoduodenectomy and radiomics analysis on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging were included. Methodological quality was assessed using the Radiomics Quality Score (RQS) and Transparent Reporting of a Multivariable Prediction Model for Individual Prognosis or Diagnosis (TRIPOD) statement. RESULTS: Seven studies were included in this systematic review, comprising 1300 patients, of whom 364 patients (28 %) developed POPF. The area under the curve (AUC) of the included studies ranged from 0.76 to 0.95. Only one study externally validated the model, showing an AUC of 0.89 on this dataset. Overall adherence to the RQS (31 %) and TRIPOD guidelines (54 %) was poor. CONCLUSION: This systematic review showed that high predictive power was reported of studies using radiomic features to predict POPF. However, the quality of most studies was poor. Future studies need to standardize the methodology. REGISTRATION: not registered.


Assuntos
Fístula Pancreática , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Humanos , Fístula Pancreática/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , 60570 , Pâncreas/diagnóstico por imagem , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Hormônios Pancreáticos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
16.
Cell Rep Methods ; 4(1): 100688, 2024 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38218189

RESUMO

Single-molecule enzyme activity-based enzyme profiling (SEAP) is a methodology to globally analyze protein functions in living samples at the single-molecule level. It has been previously applied to detect functional alterations in phosphatases and glycosidases. Here, we expand the potential for activity-based biomarker discovery by developing a semi-automated synthesis platform for fluorogenic probes that can detect various peptidases and protease activities at the single-molecule level. The peptidase/protease probes were prepared on the basis of a 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin fluorophore. The introduction of a phosphonic acid to the core scaffold made the probe suitable for use in a microdevice-based assay, while phosphonic acid served as the handle for the affinity separation of the probe using Phos-tag. Using this semi-automated scheme, 48 fluorogenic probes for the single-molecule peptidase/protease activity analysis were prepared. Activity-based screening using blood samples revealed altered single-molecule activity profiles of CD13 and DPP4 in blood samples of patients with early-stage pancreatic tumors. The study shows the power of single-molecule enzyme activity screening to discover biomarkers on the basis of the functional alterations of proteins.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Peptídeo Hidrolases , Ácidos Fosforosos , Humanos , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Proteínas , Biomarcadores , Hormônios Pancreáticos
19.
Pancreatology ; 24(1): 188-195, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38161092

RESUMO

Factors that influence the pancreas microbiome are not well understood. Regular proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use induces significant alterations in the gut microbiome, including an increase in the abundance of Streptococcus, and may be associated with pancreatic cancer risk. The aim of this study was to examine whether PPI use is associated with pancreatic and duodenal tissue microbiomes. We compared 16S rRNA microbiome profiles of normal pancreatic and duodenal tissue from 103 patients undergoing pancreatic surgery for non-malignant indications, including 34 patients on PPIs, accounting for factors including age, smoking, body mass index and the presence of main pancreatic duct dilation. Histologically normal tissue from the pancreatic head had higher alpha diversity and enrichment of Firmicutes by phylum-level analysis and Streptococcus species compared to normal pancreas body/tail tissues (16.8 % vs 8.8 %, P = .02, and 5.9 % vs 1.4 %, P = .03, respectively). Measures of beta diversity differed significantly between the pancreas and the duodenum, but in subjects with main pancreatic duct dilation, beta diversity of pancreatic head tissue was more similar to normal duodenal tissue than those without pancreatic duct dilation. Duodenal tissue of PPI users had significant enrichment of Firmicute phyla (34.7 % vs. 14.1 %, P = .01) and Streptococcus genera (19.5 % vs. 5.2 %, P = .01) compared to non-users; these differences were not evident in pancreas tissues. By multivariate analysis, PPI use was associated with alpha diversity in the duodenum, but not in the pancreas. However, some differences in pancreas tissue beta diversity were observed between PPI users and non-users. In summary, we find differences in the microbiome profiles of the pancreas head versus the pancreatic body/tail and we find PPI use is associated with alterations in duodenal and pancreatic tissue microbiome profiles.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons , Humanos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Duodeno , Pâncreas , Microbiota/genética , Hormônios Pancreáticos
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