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2.
Sci Total Environ ; 942: 173656, 2024 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38830414

RESUMO

Coastal and estuarine environments are under endogenic and exogenic pressures jeopardizing survival and diversity of inhabiting biota. Information of possible synergistic effects of multiple (a)biotic stressors and holobiont interaction are largely missing in estuaries like the Elbe but are of importance to estimate unforeseen effects on animals' physiology. Here, we seek to leverage host-transcriptional RNA-seq and gill mucus microbial 16S rRNA metabarcoding data coupled with physiological and abiotic measurements in a network analysis approach to decipher the impact of multiple stressors on the health of juvenile Sander lucioperca along one of the largest European estuaries. We find mesohaline areas characterized by gill tissue specific transcriptional responses matching osmosensing and tissue remodeling. Liver transcriptomes instead emphasized that zander from highly turbid areas were undergoing starvation which was supported by compromised body condition. Potential pathogenic bacteria, including Shewanella, Acinetobacter, Aeromonas and Chryseobacterium, dominated the gill microbiome along the freshwater transition and oxygen minimum zone. Their occurrence coincided with a strong adaptive and innate transcriptional immune response in host gill and enhanced energy demand in liver tissue supporting their potential pathogenicity. Taken together, we show physiological responses of a fish species and its microbiome to abiotic factors whose impact is expected to increase with consequences of climate change. We further present a method for the close-meshed detection of the main stressors and bacterial species with disease potential in a highly productive ecosystem.


Assuntos
Estuários , Animais , Monitoramento Ambiental , Brânquias/microbiologia , Microbiota , Transcriptoma , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Mudança Climática , Percas/fisiologia , Percas/microbiologia
3.
BMC Biol ; 22(1): 141, 2024 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38926709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Percidae family comprises many fish species of major importance for aquaculture and fisheries. Based on three new chromosome-scale assemblies in Perca fluviatilis, Perca schrenkii, and Sander vitreus along with additional percid fish reference genomes, we provide an evolutionary and comparative genomic analysis of their sex-determination systems. RESULTS: We explored the fate of a duplicated anti-Mullerian hormone receptor type-2 gene (amhr2bY), previously suggested to be the master sex-determining (MSD) gene in P. flavescens. Phylogenetically related and structurally similar amhr2 duplicates (amhr2b) were found in P. schrenkii and Sander lucioperca, potentially dating this duplication event to their last common ancestor around 19-27 Mya. In P. fluviatilis and S. vitreus, this amhr2b duplicate has been likely lost while it was subject to amplification in S. lucioperca. Analyses of the amhr2b locus in P. schrenkii suggest that this duplication could be also male-specific as it is in P. flavescens. In P. fluviatilis, a relatively small (100 kb) non-recombinant sex-determining region (SDR) was characterized on chromosome 18 using population-genomics approaches. This SDR is characterized by many male-specific single-nucleotide variations (SNVs) and no large duplication/insertion event, suggesting that P. fluviatilis has a male heterogametic sex-determination system (XX/XY), generated by allelic diversification. This SDR contains six annotated genes, including three (c18h1orf198, hsdl1, tbc1d32) with higher expression in the testis than in the ovary. CONCLUSIONS: Together, our results provide a new example of the highly dynamic sex chromosome turnover in teleosts and provide new genomic resources for Percidae, including sex-genotyping tools for all three known Perca species.


Assuntos
Evolução Molecular , Processos de Determinação Sexual , Animais , Processos de Determinação Sexual/genética , Masculino , Feminino , Percas/genética , Filogenia , Receptores de Peptídeos/genética , Genoma , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores beta
4.
Parasitol Res ; 123(6): 247, 2024 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38898308

RESUMO

Introduced species have a major impact on freshwater ecosystems, particularly on islands. Numerous fish species have been introduced in Corsica (Mediterranean island, southern France) as part of planned programs or clandestinely. The introduction of non-native freshwater fish species can have a range of impacts on the recipient ecosystem, including through the co-introduction of its pathogens. A sample of introduced perch Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus, 1758 from the artificial reservoir of Padula was examined following a report of parasites by an angler. The analyses revealed the occurrence of Eustrongylides sp. (Nematoda) and Clinostomum complanatum (Digenea), two zoonotic parasites in P. fluviatilis. Both parasites are reported for the first time in France. Eustrongylides sp. and C. complanatum may have been introduced with their fish intermediate hosts or through their final bird hosts. The occurrence of the two parasites raises concerns from both a veterinary and human health perspective as they can use a wide range of amphibians as intermediate hosts and can be acquired in humans through the consumption of raw or undercooked fish.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes , Espécies Introduzidas , Percas , Animais , França , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Percas/parasitologia , Trematódeos/isolamento & purificação , Trematódeos/classificação , Zoonoses/parasitologia , Infecções por Trematódeos/veterinária , Infecções por Trematódeos/parasitologia , Ilhas , Humanos
5.
Chemosphere ; 361: 142412, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38801899

RESUMO

Aquatic herbicides with active ingredient 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacteic acid (2,4-D) are commonly used to control and combat aquatic non-native species that cause detrimental impacts including habitat destruction, strained resources among biota, and biodiversity loss. While many (eco)toxicology studies are performed in the laboratory under highly controlled circumstances, these studies may disregard the nuances and disorder that come with the complexity of natural aquatic ecosystems. Therefore, we conducted a series of laboratory experiments using laboratory system water, different lake waters, and different water parameters to determine the effects of ecologically relevant concentrations of 2,4-D (0.00-4.00 ppm a.e.) on the development and survival of two freshwater game species (Sander vitreus and Esox lucius). For 2,4-D exposures using different water sources, there were significant main effects of 2,4-D concentration and water source on walleye embryo and larval survival, however, there was no significant interaction between 2,4-D exposure and water source. For 2,4-D exposures and pH (5-9 pH), there were significant main effects of 2,4-D concentration and pH on walleye and northern pike embryo survival and a significant interaction between 2,4-D exposure and pH. Our results indicate that 2,4-D exposures in controlled laboratory system water can predict similar outcomes as 2,4-D exposures in natural lake water. Moreover, individual water parameters, such as pH, play a significant role in the toxicity of 2,4-D. Taken together, these results suggest that highly controlled laboratory studies are a useful tool for predicting impacts on survival of non-target fish in natural waters, but it is crucial for management agencies to consider individual water sources and specific lake water parameters in herbicide risk assessments to minimize the impacts to non-target organism.


Assuntos
Ácido 2,4-Diclorofenoxiacético , Herbicidas , Lagos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Herbicidas/toxicidade , Herbicidas/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Ácido 2,4-Diclorofenoxiacético/toxicidade , Lagos/química , Animais , Peixes , Água Doce/química , Percas , Ecossistema , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
J Exp Biol ; 227(11)2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38752366

RESUMO

The evolution and utilization of limbs facilitated terrestrial vertebrate movement on land, but little is known about how other lateral structures enhance terrestrial locomotion in amphibian fishes without terrestrialized limb structures. Climbing perch (Anabas testudineus) exhibit sustained terrestrial locomotion using uniaxial rotating gill covers instead of appendages. To investigate the role of such simple lateral structures in terrestrial locomotion and the motion-generating mechanism of the corresponding locomotor structure configuration (gill covers and body undulation), we measured the terrestrial kinematics of climbing perch and quantitatively analysed its motion characteristics. The digitized locomotor kinematics showed a unique body postural adjustment ability that enables the regulation of the posture of the caudal peduncle for converting lateral bending force into propulsion. An analysis of the coordination characteristics demonstrated that the motion of the gill cover is kinematically independent of axial undulation, suggesting that the gill cover functions as an anchored simple support pole while axial undulation actively mediates body posture and produces propulsive force. The two identified feature shapes explained more than 87% of the complex lateral undulation in multistage locomotion. The kinematic characteristics enhance our understanding of the underlying coordinating mechanism corresponding to locomotor configurations. Our work provides quantitative insight into the terrestrial locomotor adaptation of climbing perch and sheds light on terrestrial motion potential of locomotor configurations containing a typical aquatic body and restricted lateral structure.


Assuntos
Locomoção , Percas , Animais , Locomoção/fisiologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Percas/fisiologia , Brânquias/fisiologia
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 934: 173124, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729367

RESUMO

It was assessed how the size of perch (Perca fluviatilis) is related to levels of four per- and polyfluorinated substances (PFAS) in its muscle tissue. These were PFOS, PFNA, PFOA, and PFHxS, for which the sum, denoted as ΣPFAS4, has a tolerable intake derived by the European Food Safety Authority. The results indicate that, in contrast to, e.g., mercury levels, ΣPFAS4 levels in perch muscle do not increase with increasing weight of the fish, which implies that consuming larger perch does not increase the risk of exceeding the TWI of ΣPFAS4, in relation to consuming smaller perch. Therefore, for risk assessment, analyzing samples of smaller perch is sufficient, demanding less effort to catch. The credibility of the results was strengthened by applying the same statistical model to mercury levels in the same samples. As expected, larger fish had generally higher levels than small fish for mercury.


Assuntos
Fluorocarbonos , Percas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Fluorocarbonos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Tamanho Corporal
8.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1374368, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715616

RESUMO

NOD1 and NOD2 as two representative members of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor (NLR) family play important roles in antimicrobial immunity. However, transcription mechanism of nod1 and nod2 and their signal circle are less understood in teleost fish. In this study, with the cloning of card9 and ripk2 in Chinese perch, the interaction between NOD1, NOD2, and CARD9 and RIPK2 were revealed through coimmunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence assays. The overexpression of NOD1, NOD2, RIPK2 and CARD9 induced significantly the promoter activity of NF-κB, IFNh and IFNc. Furthermore, it was found that nod1 and nod2 were induced by poly(I:C), type I IFNs, RLR and even NOD1/NOD2 themselves through the ISRE site of their proximal promoters. It is thus indicated that nod1 and nod2 can be classified also as ISGs due to the presence of ISRE in their proximal promoter, and their expression can be mechanistically controlled through PRR pathway as well as through IFN signaling in antiviral immune response.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Peixes , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD1 , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2 , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD1/genética , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD1/metabolismo , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/metabolismo , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/genética , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/genética , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Percas/genética , Percas/imunologia , Percas/metabolismo , Interferons/metabolismo , Interferons/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Transcrição Gênica , Imunidade Inata/genética , Ligação Proteica
9.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 150: 109662, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38821229

RESUMO

SIRT6, a key member of the sirtuin family, plays a pivotal role in regulating a number of vital biological processes, including energy metabolism, oxidative stress, and immune system modulation. Nevertheless, the function of SIRT6 in bony fish, particularly in the context of antiviral immune response, remains largely unexplored. In this study, a sirt6 was cloned and characterized in a commercial fish, the Chinese perch (Siniperca chuatsi). The SIRT6 possesses conserved SIR2 domain with catalytic core region when compared with other vertebrates. Tissue distribution analysis indicated that sirt6 was expressed in all detected tissues, and the sirt6 was significantly induced following infection of infectious haemorrhagic syndrome virus (IHSV). The overexpression of SIRT6 resulted in significant upregulation of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs), such as viperin, mx, isg15, irf3 and ifp35, and inhibited viral replication. It was further found that SIRT6 was located in nucleus and could enhance the expression of ISGs induced by type I and II IFNs. These findings may provide new information in relation with the function of SIRT6 in vertebrates, and with viral prevention strategy development in aquaculture.


Assuntos
Sequência de Aminoácidos , Doenças dos Peixes , Proteínas de Peixes , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Imunidade Inata , Percas , Filogenia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae , Sirtuínas , Animais , Sirtuínas/genética , Sirtuínas/imunologia , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Imunidade Inata/genética , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/veterinária , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Percas/imunologia , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária
10.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0291886, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768157

RESUMO

Duoculture has been reported to increase growth rates of some fishes when reared in combination, due to "shading" effects between the species. Two experiments, one involving outdoor cage-rearing in a reservoir, and the other, indoor tank-rearing, were conducted within each of three temperatures ranges (means of ~18.0°C, ~22.0°C and ~26.5°C), to determine whether duoculture of bluegill (BG) Lepomis macrochirus and yellow perch (YP) Perca flavescens would lead to improved growth relative to when the two species were reared separately. Juvenile bluegill and yellow perch were reared in triplicated groups each involving monoculture sets of 100% BG and 100% YP, and a duoculture set of 50% BG + 50% YP. Experiments in cages (Exp. 1) ran for 150 days while those in tanks ran for 126 days (Exp. 2). In Experiment 1, bluegill exhibited significantly greater (P<0.05) mean weight (P<0.05) in duoculture than in monoculture, under the high summer-like range of temperature (~26.5°C) over most of the experiment, whereas yellow perch showed no significant difference in mean weight in duoculture versus monoculture. By the end of a 150-d experiment, bluegill in duoculture outweighed those in monoculture by 62.5%. In Experiment 2, yellow perch in duoculture grew significantly larger than in monoculture (P<0.05) under the warm thermal regime (mean of ~22°C), while no significant differences were detected in mean weight of bluegill in monoculture versus duoculture. Yellow perch in duoculture outweighed those in monoculture by 33.1% at the end of the experiment. Yellow perch performed better in duoculture than in monoculture under the low thermal regime (mean of ~18°C) in both experiments. A significantly greater reduction of CVwt was observed for both bluegill and yellow perch in duoculture than in monoculture in Experiment 1, while no differences in CVwt reduction were detected for bluegill in Experiment 2. Feed conversion ratios (FCR) of bluegill and yellow perch reared in duoculture were significantly lower than for both fishes reared in monoculture in Experiment 1, while there were no significant differences in FCR among the three groups throughout most of Experiment 2. Findings indicate that duoculture of yellow perch and bluegill holds good potential to improve growth and FCR, and to reduce size variation by diminishing social interaction costs.


Assuntos
Percas , Temperatura , Animais , Percas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Percas/fisiologia , Peixes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Peixes/fisiologia , Perciformes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Perciformes/fisiologia , Comportamento Social
11.
J Fish Biol ; 104(6): 2044-2055, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594227

RESUMO

Growth is one of the most direct and common ways fish respond to climate change, as fish growth is intimately linked to the temperature of the environment. Observational studies on the effect of shifts in temperature on fish growth are scarce for freshwater fish, and particularly lacking for lake populations. Here, changes in growth rate of bream (Abramis brama), perch (Perca fluviatilis), pikeperch (Sander lucioperca), and roach (Rutilus rutilus) over three decades were studied and compared with changes in temperature in the two largest lakes of western Europe: Lake IJsselmeer and Lake Markermeer in the Netherlands. In the autumnal survey catches of bream, perch, and roach, the mean length of YOY increased significantly between 1992 and 2021 in both lakes, but for YOY pikeperch, no temporal changes were found. In a length-stratified dataset of age groups of bream, roach, and perch, the relationship between length and age differed significantly between time periods. In the more recent time periods, indications for higher growth rates across multiple ages were found. Temperature during the growth season increased in the same decades and showed significant correlations with the YOY mean length, for bream, perch, and roach in both lakes, and for pikeperch in Lake Markermeer. These results point toward consistent temperature-induced increases in growth over the age groups for bream, roach, and perch. These increases were found despite the simultaneous process of de-eutrophication in this water system and its potential negative effect on food production. For pikeperch, it is hypothesized that the absence of temporal increase in YOY growth rate is related to its necessary switch to piscivory and subsequent food limitation; the lower thermal range of its main prey smelt, Osmerus eperlanus, is hypothesized to have inhibited food availability for YOY pikeperch and its opportunity to achieve higher growth rates.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Cyprinidae , Lagos , Percas , Temperatura , Animais , Países Baixos , Cyprinidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cyprinidae/fisiologia , Percas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Percas/fisiologia , Peixes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Peixes/fisiologia , Estações do Ano
12.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 149: 109553, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615704

RESUMO

Viral diseases have caused great economic losses to the aquaculture industry. However, there are currently no specific drugs to treat these diseases. Herein, we utilized Siniperca chuatsi as an experimental model, and successfully extracted two tissue factor pathway inhibitors (TFPIs) that were highly distributed in different tissues. We then designed four novel peptides based on the TFPIs, named TS20, TS25, TS16, and TS30. Among them, TS25 and TS30 showed good biosafety and high antiviral activity. Further studies showed that TS25 and TS30 exerted their antiviral functions by preventing viruses from invading Chinese perch brain (CPB) cells and disrupting Siniperca chuatsi rhabdovirus (SCRV)/Siniperca chuatsi ranairidovirus (SCRIV) viral structures. Additionally, compared with the control group, TS25 and TS30 could significantly reduce the mortality of Siniperca chuatsi, the relative protection rates of TS25 against SCRV and SCRIV were 71.25 % and 53.85 % respectively, and the relative protection rate of TS30 against SCRIV was 69.23 %, indicating that they also had significant antiviral activity in vivo. This study provided an approach for designing peptides with biosafety and antiviral activity based on host proteins, which had potential applications in the prevention and treatment of viral diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae , Rhabdoviridae , Animais , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/veterinária , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/prevenção & controle , Rhabdoviridae/fisiologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/química , Percas , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Peptídeos/química , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/veterinária , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/prevenção & controle
13.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0302126, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625968

RESUMO

The St. Lawrence River is an important North American waterway that is subject to anthropogenic pressures including intensive urbanization, and agricultural development. Pesticides are widely used for agricultural activities in fields surrounding the yellow perch (Perca flavescens) habitat in Lake St. Pierre (Quebec, Canada), a fluvial lake of the river where the perch population has collapsed. Clothianidin and chlorantraniliprole were two of the most detected insecticides in surface waters near perch spawning areas. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the transcriptional and biochemical effects of these two pesticides on juvenile yellow perch exposed for 28d to environmental doses of each compound alone and in a mixture under laboratory/aquaria conditions. Hepatic mRNA-sequencing revealed an effect of chlorantraniliprole alone (37 genes) and combined with clothianidin (251 genes), but no effects of clothianidin alone were observed in perch. Dysregulated genes were mostly related to circadian rhythms and to Ca2+ signaling, the latter effect has been previously associated with chlorantraniliprole mode of action in insects. Moreover, chronic exposure to clothianidin increased the activity of acetylcholinesterase in the brain of exposed fish, suggesting a potential non-target effect of this insecticide. Further analyses of three clock genes by qRT-PCR suggested that part of the observed effects of chlorantraniliprole on the circadian gene regulation of juvenile perch could be the result of time-of-day of sacrifice. These results provide insight into biological effects of insecticides in juvenile perch and highlight the importance of considering the circadian rhythm in experimental design and results analyses.


Assuntos
Guanidinas , Inseticidas , Neonicotinoides , Percas , Tiazóis , Poluentes Químicos da Água , ortoaminobenzoatos , Animais , Percas/genética , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Inseticidas/análise , Acetilcolinesterase , Viés de Seleção , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
14.
Viruses ; 16(4)2024 04 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38675990

RESUMO

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) are rhabdoviruses in two different species belonging to the Novirhabdovirus genus. IHNV has a narrow host range restricted to trout and salmon species, and viruses in the M genogroup of IHNV have high virulence in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). In contrast, the VHSV genotype IVb that invaded the Great Lakes in the United States has a broad host range, with high virulence in yellow perch (Perca flavescens), but not in rainbow trout. By using reverse-genetic systems of IHNV-M and VHSV-IVb strains, we generated six IHNV:VHSV chimeric viruses in which the glycoprotein (G), non-virion-protein (NV), or both G and NV genes of IHNV-M were replaced with the analogous genes from VHSV-IVb, and vice versa. These chimeric viruses were used to challenge groups of rainbow trout and yellow perch. The parental recombinants rIHNV-M and rVHSV-IVb were highly virulent in rainbow trout and yellow perch, respectively. Parental rIHNV-M was avirulent in yellow perch, and chimeric rIHNV carrying G, NV, or G and NV genes from VHSV-IVb remained low in virulence in yellow perch. Similarly, the parental rVHSV-IVb exhibited low virulence in rainbow trout, and chimeric rVHSV with substituted G, NV, or G and NV genes from IHNV-M remained avirulent in rainbow trout. Thus, the G and NV genes of either virus were not sufficient to confer high host-specific virulence when exchanged into a heterologous species genome. Some exchanges of G and/or NV genes caused a loss of host-specific virulence, providing insights into possible roles in viral virulence or fitness, and interactions between viral proteins.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes , Novirhabdovirus , Oncorhynchus mykiss , Percas , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae , Animais , Oncorhynchus mykiss/virologia , Percas/virologia , Virulência , Novirhabdovirus/genética , Novirhabdovirus/patogenicidade , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/veterinária , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/virologia , Glicoproteínas/genética , Vírus da Necrose Hematopoética Infecciosa/genética , Vírus da Necrose Hematopoética Infecciosa/patogenicidade , Proteínas Virais/genética , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Especificidade de Hospedeiro
15.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(18): 7998-8008, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629179

RESUMO

Understanding microplastic exposure and effects is critical to understanding risk. Here, we used large, in-lake closed-bottom mesocosms to investigate exposure and effects on pelagic freshwater ecosystems. This article provides details about the experimental design and results on the transport of microplastics and exposure to pelagic organisms. Our experiment included three polymers of microplastics (PE, PS, and PET) ranging in density and size. Nominal concentrations ranged from 0 to 29,240 microplastics per liter on a log scale. Mesocosms enclosed natural microbial, phytoplankton, and zooplankton communities and yellow perch (Perca flavescens). We quantified and characterized microplastics in the water column and in components of the food web (biofilm on the walls, zooplankton, and fish). The microplastics in the water stratified vertically according to size and density. After 10 weeks, about 1% of the microplastics added were in the water column, 0.4% attached to biofilm on the walls, 0.01% within zooplankton, and 0.0001% in fish. Visual observations suggest the remaining >98% were in a surface slick and on the bottom. Our study suggests organisms that feed at the surface and in the benthos are likely most at risk, and demonstrates the value of measuring exposure and transport to inform experimental designs and achieve target concentrations in different matrices within toxicity tests.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Zooplâncton , Animais , Lagos , Ecossistema , Cadeia Alimentar , Monitoramento Ambiental , Fitoplâncton , Percas/metabolismo
16.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 50(3): 1237-1249, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517575

RESUMO

The dissolved oxygen (DO) and ammonia are crucial to the growth of Chinese perch (Siniperca chuatsi). Information on the effects of DO and total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) in regulating ammonia nitrogen excretion and flesh quality in Chinese perch is scanty. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of dissolved DO at oxygen levels of 3 mg/L and 9 mg/L, as well as the TAN concentrations of 0.3 mg/L and 0.9 mg/L on ammonia excretion and flesh quality. Results showed that the ammonia contents in plasma, muscle, and liver of the 9 mg/L DO group were significantly higher than those of the 3 mg/L DO group (P < 0.05). However, the expression of AMPK-related signaling pathway genes (gdh, lkb1, and ampd) and flesh quality indicators (gumminess, chewiness, hardness) in the 9 mg/L DO group were significantly lower than those in the 3 mg/L DO group. Under long-term exposure to 0.9 mg/L TAN, the ammonia contents in plasma and gill filaments, as well as muscle flesh quality (resilience, gumminess, chewiness, cohesiveness), were significantly lower than those in the 0.3 mg/L TAN group (P < 0.05). However, the activities of GDH and AMPD enzymes in the 0.9 mg/L TAN group were significantly higher than those in the 0.3 mg/L TAN group. In summary, when fish are exposed to 3 mg/L DO and 0.9 mg/L TAN in the environment for a long time, their amino acids are used for transamination and deamination, resulting in insufficient energy supply for Chinese perch, whereas 9 mg/L DO and 0.9 mg/L TAN caused deterioration of the flesh quality.


Assuntos
Amônia , Oxigênio , Percas , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética
17.
J Environ Manage ; 356: 120570, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503225

RESUMO

Ambitious to fulfill the European Water Framework Directive obligations, the European governments support projects to rehabilitate lakes with poor water quality. However, most lake restorations having relied on biomanipulation by fish thinning have failed to improve or even maintain water quality. Previous attempts removed all target fish species simultaneously, thus making it impossible to assess the specific impact of each feeding group on water chemistry. Lake Bromme was selected for extensive, time-selective fish biomanipulation to improve water clarity and promote submerged macrophytes and piscivorous fish stocks over a three-year monitoring period. Thinning of adult benthivorous bream (Abramis brama) and tench (Tinca tinca) was conducted throughout year one while thinning in years two and three targeted planktivorous roach (Rutilus rutilus), juvenile bream, and small perch (Perca fluviatilis). Yearly fish surveys assessed changes in fish population structure and biomass. Water quality parameters were monitored continually, and the cover of submerged macrophytes was surveyed annually via sonar. We found no improvement in water clarity or reductions of nutrients, organic particles, chlorophyll concentrations, or watercolor, despite a 6-fold thinning of total estimated fish biomass, from 112 to 19 kg ha-1. Over the period, the macrophyte cover increased from 0.8 to 13.5 %, but no recruitment of large piscivorous fish (perch and pike (Esox lucius) > 10 cm) was detected. We found higher correlations of particle concentration and water clarity to water temperature than to wind speed, which indicates sediment particle resuspension by the remaining fish community (mostly carp Cyprinus carpio) that forage on benthos in shallow lakes. Further system-ecological research in Lake Bromme should evaluate whether thinning the stock of carp and increasing plant cover may improve water quality and test which optical properties sustain high water turbidity and prevent shallow, eutrophic lakes like Lake Bromme from responding to intense fish thinning.


Assuntos
Carpas , Cyprinidae , Percas , Animais , Lagos/química , Qualidade da Água
18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6396, 2024 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493223

RESUMO

Knowledge about paternal-effect-genes (PEGs) (genes whose expression in the progeny is influenced by paternal factors present in the sperm) in fish is very limited. To explore this issue, we used milt cryopreservation as a specific challenge test for sperm cells, thus enabling selection amidst cryo-sensitivity. We created two groups of Eurasian perch (Perca fluviatilis) as a model - eggs fertilized either with fresh (Fresh group) or cryopreserved (Cryo group) milt from the same male followed by phenotypic-transcriptomic examination of consequences of cryopreservation in obtained progeny (at larval stages). Most of the phenotypical observations were similar in both groups, except the final weight which was higher in the Cryo group. Milt cryopreservation appeared to act as a "positive selection" factor, upregulating most PEGs in the Cryo group. Transcriptomic profile of freshly hatched larvae sourced genes involved in the development of visual perception and we identified them as PEGs. Consequently, larvae from the Cryo group exhibited enhanced eyesight, potentially contributing to more efficient foraging and weight gain compared to the Fresh group. This study unveils, for the first time, the significant influence of the paternal genome on the development of the visual system in fish, highlighting pde6g, opn1lw1, and rbp4l as novel PEGs.


Assuntos
Percas , Animais , Masculino , Percas/genética , Sêmen , Criopreservação , Fertilização , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Larva
19.
Zootaxa ; 5415(1): 77-105, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480214

RESUMO

Pirate Perches, Aphredoderus, are a widespread lowland freshwater fish native to the Eastern half of the United States. Aphredoderus was thought to contain a single species divided into an Eastern and Western subspecies on either side of the Appalachian Mountains with a widespread intergrade zone through much of the Eastern Gulf of Mexico and Southern Atlantic drainages. We use morphology and genetic data from specimens spanning the entire range of the genus to determine species limits within Aphredoderus. We find evidence of five species, four of which exhibit widespread sympatry in the Southeastern United States. We elevate A. sayanus sayanus and A. sayanus gibbosus to species, redescribe A. mesotrema, supplement previous descriptions, and describe two new species, A. retrodorsalis, and A. ornatus.


Assuntos
Percas , Animais , Estados Unidos , Água Doce
20.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0301130, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517899

RESUMO

Heatwaves are becoming more frequent and intensified with climate change. Freshwater ecosystems are among the most threatened, within which, differing responses between cool- and warmwater species to heatwaves can lead to fundamental changes in communities. Physiological experiments can identify potential mechanisms underlying the impacts of such heatwaves on fish communities. In the current study, we quantified the oxygen consumption rate, aerobic scope and swimming performance of cool- and warmwater fish species following the simulation of short-term heatwaves currently occurring in streams in the Midwestern United States. The coolwater predator walleye (Sander vitreus) showed clear thermal disadvantages relative to the warmwater predator largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), based on a high metabolic cost during the heatwave, low metabolic activity when encountering prey, and reduced swimming performance following the heatwave. Largemouth bass also showed a thermal advantage relative to the warmwater prey fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) related to swimming performance and energetic costs, highlighting differing thermal responses between predators and prey. This study demonstrates the importance of considering short-term extreme thermal events in the response of aquatic communities to climate stressors.


Assuntos
Bass , Cyprinidae , Percas , Animais , Ecossistema , Bass/fisiologia , Água Doce , Meio-Oeste dos Estados Unidos
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