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1.
J Oral Implantol ; 50(2): 75-80, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702870

RESUMO

The most challenging and time-consuming step in the free gingival graft (FGG) for keratinized mucosa augmentation is the compression suture anchoring the FGG to the periosteum. This article proposed a novel "microscrew with tie-down sutures" technique to anchor the FGG to the recipient site without the traditional trans-periosteum suture. This patient's keratinized mucosa width (KMW) around the healing abutments of teeth #29 and #30 was less than 1 mm. After an apically positioned flap (AFP) was prepared, 2 microscrews were placed at the buccal plate of the alveolar ridge bone, which is the coronal margin of the AFP. Then, the sutures winded between the microscrews and the healing abutments to anchor the FGG. In conclusion, the "microscrew with tie-down sutures" technique offers a feasible and straightforward alternative for the trans-periosteum compression suture, mainly when the periosteum is fragile, thin, or injured.


Assuntos
Gengiva , Técnicas de Sutura , Humanos , Gengiva/cirurgia , Periósteo/cirurgia , Feminino , Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar/métodos , Masculino
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11136, 2024 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750119

RESUMO

Gradual elevation of the periosteum from the original bone surface, based on the principle of distraction osteogenesis, induces endogenous hard and soft tissue formation. This study aimed to assess the impact of alternating protocols of activation with relaxation (periosteal pumping) on bone modeling and remodeling. One hundred and sixty-two adult male Wistar rats were used in this study. Four test groups with different pumping protocols were created based on the relaxation applied. Two control groups underwent an activation period without relaxation or only a single activation. One group was sham-operated. Periosteal pumping without period of activation induced gene expression in bone and bone remodeling, and following activation period enhanced bone modeling. Four test groups and control group with activation period equaled the values of bone modeling at the end-consolidation period, showing significant downregulation of Sost in the bone and periosteum compared to that in the sham group (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). When all test groups were pooled together, plate elevation from the bony surface increased bone remodeling on day 45 of the observation period (p = 0.003). Furthermore, bone modeling was significantly affected by plate elevation on days 17 and 45 (p = 0.047 and p = 0.005, respectively) and by pumping protocol on day 31 (p = 0.042). Periosteal pumping was beneficial for increasing bone repair when the periosteum remained in contact with the underlaying bony surface during the manipulation period. Following periosteal elevation, periosteal pumping accelerated bone formation from the bony surface by the modeling process.


Assuntos
Remodelação Óssea , Periósteo , Ratos Wistar , Animais , Periósteo/metabolismo , Masculino , Remodelação Óssea/fisiologia , Ratos , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Osteogênese por Distração/métodos
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 9834, 2024 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38684723

RESUMO

This study investigates the efficacy of a collagen membrane as a substitute for autologous periosteum in atelocollagen-assisted autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) using J-TEC autologous cultured cartilage (JACC®). Sixty-nine patients with knee joint chondral defects underwent ACI using JACC®-34 with periosteum-covered ACI (P-ACIs) and 35 with collagen-covered ACI (C-ACIs). Clinical outcomes were compared through patient-reported measures, International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) Cartilage Repair Assessment (CRA) scores at second-look arthroscopy one year postoperatively, and adverse event incidence. Postoperative subjective scores significantly improved up to two years, with no significant differences between P-ACI and C-ACI groups. However, C-ACI exhibited a lower adverse event rate (p = 0.034) and significantly higher ICRS CRA scores (p = 0.0001). Notably, C-ACI outperformed P-ACI in both femoral condyle and trochlea assessments (p = 0.0157 and 0.0005, respectively). While clinical outcomes were comparable, the use of a collagen membrane demonstrated superiority in ICRS CRA during second-look arthroscopy and adverse event occurrence.


Assuntos
Condrócitos , Colágeno , Periósteo , Transplante Autólogo , Humanos , Condrócitos/transplante , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Cartilagem Articular/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artroscopia/métodos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 268(Pt 2): 131895, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38677700

RESUMO

Diabetes-related skin ulcers are of significant clinical concern. Although conventional dressings have been developed, their outcomes have not been adequate, indicating the need to investigate functional dressings for the treatment of diabetic ulcers. Copper selenide nanoparticles (Cu2Se NPs) demonstrate outstanding photoresponsiveness, which is critical to the healing process. However, their limited solubility in water restricts their application. To synthesize the ODT-PMMA@Cu2Se NP-doped decellularized periosteum­sodium alginate functional dressing-ODT-PMMA@Cu2Se/ECM-S (OP@Cu2Se/ECM-S), Cu2Se NPs were modified by n-octadecanethiol (ODT) end-functionalized poly (methacrylic acid) (PMAA) ligands homogeneously dispersed in a decellularized periosteum/sodium alginate matrix. This process improved the water solubility and stability. Moreover, under near-infrared irradiation (NIR), ODT-PMMA@Cu2Se demonstrated robust photo-responsiveness along with photothermal and photodynamic effects, leading to rapid heating and stimulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. These two processes work in concert to exhibit excellent antibacterial ability; at 20 µg/mL concentration of Cu2Se NPs, the bacterial activities of S. aureus and E. coli were 5.40 % and 0.96 %, respectively. Without the NIR laser irradiation, OP@Cu2Se/ECM-S rapidly increased the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, triggered the phosphatidylinositide 3-kinases (PI3K) and protein kinase B (AKT) signaling pathway, affected the expression of bFGF and CD31, and promoted neovascularization, proliferation, and cell migration. In a diabetic mouse wound model, OP@Cu2Se/ECM-S exhibited good biocompatibility and promoted epidermal regeneration, collagen deposition, and neovascularization. In a mouse model of subcutaneous abscesses, OP@Cu2Se/ECM-S also showed excellent antibacterial activity, in vivo experiments confirmed a decrease in bacterial activity to 1.97 %. Thus, OP@Cu2Se/ECM-S is a potentially useful approach for healing diabetic wounds.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Bandagens , Cobre , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Periósteo , Cicatrização , Animais , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Alginatos/química , Alginatos/farmacologia , Cobre/química , Cobre/farmacologia , Periósteo/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Masculino , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Acta Biomater ; 180: 262-278, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579918

RESUMO

Given the crucial role of periosteum in bone repair, the use of artificial periosteum to induce spontaneous bone healing instead of using bone substitutes has become a potential strategy. Also, the proper transition from pro-inflammatory signals to anti-inflammatory signals is pivotal for achieving optimal repair outcomes. Hence, we designed an artificial periosteum loaded with a filamentous bacteriophage clone named P11, featuring an aligned fiber morphology. P11 endowed the artificial periosteum with the capacity to recruit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). The artificial periosteum also regulated the immune microenvironment at the bone injury site through the synergistic effects of biochemical factors and topography. Specifically, the inclusion of P11 preserved inflammatory signaling in macrophages and additionally facilitated the migration of BMSCs. Subsequently, aligned fibers stimulated macrophages, inducing alterations in cytoskeletal and metabolic activities, resulting in the polarization into the M2 phenotype. This progression encouraged the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs and promoted vascularization. In vivo experiments showed that the new bone generated in the AP group exhibited the most efficient healing pattern. Overall, the integration of biochemical factors with topographical considerations for sequential immunomodulation during bone repair indicates a promising approach for artificial periosteum development. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: The appropriate transition of macrophages from a pro-inflammatory to an anti-inflammatory phenotype is pivotal for achieving optimal bone repair outcomes. Hence, we designed an artificial periosteum featuring an aligned fiber morphology and loaded with specific phage clones. The artificial periosteum not only fostered the recruitment of BMSCs but also achieved sequential regulation of the immune microenvironment through the synergistic effects of biochemical factors and topography, and improved the effect of bone repair. This study indicates that the integration of biochemical factors with topographical considerations for sequential immunomodulation during bone repair is a promising approach for artificial periosteum development.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Periósteo , Animais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Bacteriófagos , Masculino , Diferenciação Celular , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Imunomodulação , Células RAW 264.7
6.
Theranostics ; 14(6): 2544-2559, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646641

RESUMO

Background: Mechanical forces are indispensable for bone healing, disruption of which is recognized as a contributing cause to nonunion or delayed union. However, the underlying mechanism of mechanical regulation of fracture healing is elusive. Methods: We used the lineage-tracing mouse model, conditional knockout depletion mouse model, hindlimb unloading model and single-cell RNA sequencing to analyze the crucial roles of mechanosensitive protein polycystin-1 (PC1, Pkd1) promotes periosteal stem/progenitor cells (PSPCs) osteochondral differentiation in fracture healing. Results: Our results showed that cathepsin (Ctsk)-positive PSPCs are fracture-responsive and mechanosensitive and can differentiate into osteoblasts and chondrocytes during fracture repair. We found that polycystin-1 declines markedly in PSPCs with mechanical unloading while increasing in response to mechanical stimulus. Mice with conditional depletion of Pkd1 in Ctsk+ PSPCs show impaired osteochondrogenesis, reduced cortical bone formation, delayed fracture healing, and diminished responsiveness to mechanical unloading. Mechanistically, PC1 facilitates nuclear translocation of transcriptional coactivator TAZ via PC1 C-terminal tail cleavage, enhancing osteochondral differentiation potential of PSPCs. Pharmacological intervention of the PC1-TAZ axis and promotion of TAZ nuclear translocation using Zinc01442821 enhances fracture healing and alleviates delayed union or nonunion induced by mechanical unloading. Conclusion: Our study reveals that Ctsk+ PSPCs within the callus can sense mechanical forces through the PC1-TAZ axis, targeting which represents great therapeutic potential for delayed fracture union or nonunion.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Diferenciação Celular , Condrócitos , Consolidação da Fratura , Osteogênese , Células-Tronco , Canais de Cátion TRPP , Animais , Consolidação da Fratura/fisiologia , Camundongos , Canais de Cátion TRPP/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPP/genética , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Camundongos Knockout , Condrogênese/fisiologia , Periósteo/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/fisiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino
7.
J Craniofac Surg ; 35(4): 1174-1176, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38635500

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Case report. Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the jaw is a potentially devastating consequence of head and neck irradiation. The progression of ORN can lead to loss of bone, teeth, soft tissue necrosis, pathologic fracture, and oro-cutaneous fistula. Reconstructive surgery has mostly been reserved for late-stage disease where segmental resections are frequently necessary. Evidence is emerging to support earlier treatment in the form of debridement in combination with soft tissue free flaps for intermediate-stage ORN. The authors present a case of a 76-year-old male with persistent Notani 2 ORN of the mandible, treated with surgical removal of all remaining mandibular teeth, transoral debridement of all necrotic mandibular bone, and bone coverage with a left medial femoral condyle (MFC) periosteal free flap based on the descending genicular artery. Treatment was uneventful both intraoperatively and postoperatively. Since surgery (15 mo) the patient has remained free from clinical and radiologic signs of ORN. The MFP periosteal free flap provided an excellent result with minimal surgical complexity and morbidity in this case. Such treatment at an intermediate stage likely results in a reduction in segmental resections, less donor site morbidity, less operative time, less overall treatment time, and possibly fewer postoperative complications compared with the status quo.


Assuntos
Desbridamento , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Osteorradionecrose , Humanos , Masculino , Osteorradionecrose/cirurgia , Idoso , Fêmur/cirurgia , Doenças Mandibulares/cirurgia , Periósteo/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Extração Dentária
10.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 10(4): 2200-2211, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447138

RESUMO

In the clinic, inactivation of osteosarcoma using microwave ablation would damage the periosteum, resulting in frequent postoperative complications. Therefore, the development of an artificial periosteum is crucial for postoperative healing. In this study, we prepared an artificial periosteum using silk fibroin (SF) loaded with stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) to accelerate bone remodeling after the microwave ablation of osteosarcoma. The prepared artificial periosteum showed a sustained release of SDF-1α and CGRP after 14 days of immersion. In vitro culture of rat periosteal stem cells (rPDSCs) demonstrated that the artificial periosteum is favorable for cell recruitment, the activity of alkaline phosphatase, and bone-related gene expression. Furthermore, the artificial periosteum improved the tube formation and angiogenesis-related gene expression of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). In an animal study, the periosteum in the femur of a rabbit was inactivated through microwave ablation and then removed. The damaged periosteum was replaced with the as-prepared artificial periosteum and favored bone regeneration. In all, the designed dual-factor-loaded artificial periosteum is a promising strategy to replace the damaged periosteum in the therapy of osteosarcoma for a better bone-rebuilding process.


Assuntos
Osteossarcoma , Periósteo , Ratos , Humanos , Animais , Coelhos , Quimiocina CXCL12/genética , Quimiocina CXCL12/farmacologia , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina , Células Endoteliais , Regeneração Óssea
11.
Dev Cell ; 59(9): 1192-1209.e6, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554700

RESUMO

Bone is regarded as one of few tissues that heals without fibrous scar. The outer layer of the periosteum is covered with fibrous tissue, whose function in bone formation is unknown. We herein developed a system to distinguish the fate of fibrous-layer periosteal cells (FL-PCs) from the skeletal stem/progenitor cells (SSPCs) in the cambium-layer periosteum and bone marrow in mice. We showed that FL-PCs did not participate in steady-state osteogenesis, but formed the main body of fibrocartilaginous callus during fracture healing. Moreover, FL-PCs invaded the cambium-layer periosteum and bone marrow after fracture, forming neo-SSPCs that continued to maintain the healed bones throughout adulthood. The FL-PC-derived neo-SSPCs expressed lower levels of osteogenic signature genes and displayed lower osteogenic differentiation activity than the preexisting SSPCs. Consistent with this, healed bones were thinner and formed more slowly than normal bones. Thus, the fibrous periosteum becomes the cellular origin of bones after fracture and alters bone properties permanently.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Consolidação da Fratura , Fraturas Ósseas , Osteogênese , Periósteo , Animais , Periósteo/metabolismo , Camundongos , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Consolidação da Fratura/fisiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/patologia , Fraturas Ósseas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/citologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Calo Ósseo/metabolismo , Calo Ósseo/patologia , Masculino
12.
J Biol Chem ; 300(4): 107158, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479598

RESUMO

Single-cell RNA-seq has led to novel designations for mesenchymal cells associated with bone as well as multiple designations for what appear to be the same cell type. The main goals of this study were to increase the amount of single-cell RNA sequence data for osteoblasts and osteocytes, to compare cells from the periosteum to those inside bone, and to clarify the major categories of cell types associated with murine bone. We created an atlas of murine bone-associated cells by harmonizing published datasets with in-house data from cells targeted by Osx1-Cre and Dmp1-Cre driver strains. Cells from periosteal bone were analyzed separately from those isolated from the endosteum and trabecular bone. Over 100,000 mesenchymal cells were mapped to reveal 11 major clusters designated fibro-1, fibro-2, chondrocytes, articular chondrocytes, tenocytes, adipo-Cxcl12 abundant reticular (CAR), osteo-CAR, preosteoblasts, osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteo-X, the latter defined in part by periostin expression. Osteo-X, osteo-CAR, and preosteoblasts were closely associated with osteoblasts at the trabecular bone surface. Wnt16 was expressed in multiple cell types from the periosteum but not in cells from endocortical or cancellous bone. Fibro-2 cells, which express markers of stem cells, localized to the periosteum but not trabecular bone in adult mice. Suppressing bone remodeling eliminated osteoblasts and altered gene expression in preosteoblasts but did not change the abundance or location of osteo-X or osteo-CAR cells. These results provide a framework for identifying bone cell types in murine single-cell RNA-seq datasets and suggest that osteoblast progenitors reside near the surface of remodeling bone.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteoblastos , Osteócitos , Periósteo , Animais , Camundongos , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Condrócitos/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteócitos/metabolismo , Osteócitos/citologia , Periósteo/citologia , Periósteo/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
13.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 35(5): 573-584, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To introduce a modified guided bone regeneration (GBR) technique using intact periosteum and deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) for peri-implant augmentation and compare the clinical outcomes with those of conventional GBR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who received peri-implant augmentation in posterior sites between 2015 and 2021 were reviewed in this study. Group A was treated with a modified GBR technique, and Group B was treated with conventional GBR. For group comparison, propensity score matching was performed with a sensitivity analysis. The implant survival rate, dimensional changes in hard tissue, marginal bone loss (MBL), and peri-implant parameters were evaluated. RESULTS: In total, 114 implants from 98 patients were included. The implant survival rates were 95.74% in Group A and 95.00% in Group B during the follow-up period. At 6 months, the median horizontal thickness was recorded at 0.87 mm (IQ1-IQ3 = 0.00-1.75 mm) in Group A, exhibiting a relatively lower value compared to the corresponding measurement of 0.98 mm (IQ1-IQ3 = 0.00-1.89 mm) in Group B (p = .937). Vertical height displayed no statistically significant intergroup difference between the two groups (p = .758). The mean follow-up period was 25.83 ± 12.93 months after loading in Group A and 27.47 ± 21.29 months in Group B (p = .761). MBL and peri-implant parameters were comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, the modified GBR technique using intact periosteum and DBBM grafting might be a viable alternative to correct bone defects around implants in molar and premolar sites.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada Periodontal , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seguimentos , Adulto , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada Periodontal/métodos , Implantação Dentária Endóssea/métodos , Periósteo/cirurgia , Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar/métodos , Perda do Osso Alveolar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Idoso , Implantes Dentários
14.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 91: 83-93, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascularized medial femoral condyle (MFC) bone graft is useful for pseudarthrosis and osteonecrosis, but has the risk of fracture as a complication. This study aimed to create multiple three-dimensional (3D) finite element (FE) femur models to biomechanically evaluate the fracture risk in the donor site of a vascularized MFC bone graft. METHODS: Computer tomography scans of the femurs of nine patients (four males and five females) with no left femur disease were enrolled in the study. A 3D FE model of the left femur was generated based on the CT images taken from the patients. The descending genicular artery (DGA), the main nutrient vessel in vascularized MFC bone grafts, divides into the proximal transversal branch (TB) and the distal longitudinal branch (LB) before entering the periosteum. Thirty-six different bone defect models with different sizes and locations of the harvested bone were created. RESULTS: The highest stress was observed in the proximal medial and metaphyseal portions under axial and external rotation, respectively. In the bone defect model, the stress was most elevated in the extracted region's anterior or posterior superior part. Stress increased depending on proximal location and harvested bone size. CONCLUSION: Increasing the size of the bone graft proximally raises the stress at the site of bone extraction. For bone grafting to non-load-bearing areas, bone grafting distally using LB can reduce fracture risk. If TB necessitates a larger proximal bone extraction, it is advisable to avoid postoperative rotational loads.


Assuntos
Fêmur , Fraturas Ósseas , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Fêmur/irrigação sanguínea , Periósteo , Medição de Risco
15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 263(Pt 2): 130371, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38423439

RESUMO

The periosteum, a vascularized tissue membrane, is essential in bone regeneration following fractures and bone loss due to some other reasons, yet there exist several research gaps concerning its regeneration. These gaps encompass reduced cellular proliferation and bioactivity, potential toxicity, heightened stiffness of scaffold materials, unfavorable porosity, expensive materials and procedures, and suboptimal survivability or inappropriate degradation rates of the implanted materials. This research used an interdisciplinary approach by forming a new material fabricated through electrospinning for the proposed application as a layer-by-layer tissue-engineered periosteum (TEP). TEP comprises poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), PCL/gelatin/magnesium-doped zinc oxide (vascular layer), and gelatin/bioactive glass/COD liver oil (osteoconductive layer). These materials were selected for their diverse properties, when integrated into the scaffold formation, successfully mimic the characteristics of native periosteum. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was employed to confirm the trilayer structure of the scaffold and determine the average fiber diameter. In-vitro degradation and swelling studies demonstrated a uniform degradation rate that matches the typical recovery time of periosteum. The scaffold exhibited excellent mechanical properties comparable to natural periosteum. Furthermore, the sustained release kinetics of COD liver oil were observed in the trilayer scaffold. Cell culture results indicated that the three-dimensional topography of the scaffold promoted cell growth, proliferation, and attachment, confirming its non-toxicity, biocompatibility, and bioactivity. This study suggests that the fabricated scaffold holds promise as a potential artificial periosteum for treating periostitis and bone fractures.


Assuntos
Gelatina , Alicerces Teciduais , Alicerces Teciduais/química , Gelatina/química , Periósteo , Biomimética , Óleo de Fígado de Bacalhau , Poliésteres/química , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos
16.
Tissue Eng Part C Methods ; 30(4): 159-169, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368556

RESUMO

Considerable research is being undertaken to develop novel biomaterials-based approaches for surgical reconstruction of bone defects. This extends to three-dimensional (3D) printed materials that provide stable, structural, and functional support in vivo. However, few preclinical models can simulate in vivo human biological conditions for clinically relevant testing. In this study we describe a novel ovine model that allows evaluation of in vivo osteogenesis via contact with bone and/or periosteum interfaced with printed polymer bioreactors loaded with biomaterial bone substitutes. The infraspinous scapular region of 14 Dorset cross sheep was exposed. Vascularized periosteum was elevated either attached to the infraspinatus muscle or separately. In both cases, the periosteum was supplied by the periosteal branch of the circumflex scapular vessels. In eight sheep, a 3D printed 4-chambered polyetheretherketone bioreactor was wrapped circumferentially in vascularized periosteum. In 6 sheep, 12 double-sided 3D printed 2-chambered polyetherketone bioreactors were secured to the underlying bone allowing direct contact with the bone on one side and periosteum on the other. Our model enabled simultaneous testing of up to 24 (12 double-sided) 10 × 10 × 5 mm bioreactors per scapula in the flat contact approach or a single 40 × 10 mm four-chambered bioreactor per scapula using the periosteal wrap. De novo bone growth was evaluated using histological and radiological analysis. Of importance, the experimental model was well tolerated by the animals and provides a versatile approach for comparing the osteogenic potential of cambium on the bone surface and elevated with periosteum. Furthermore, the periosteal flaps were sufficiently large for encasing bioreactors containing biomaterial bone substitutes for applications such as segmental mandibular reconstruction.


Assuntos
Substitutos Ósseos , Periósteo , Ovinos , Animais , Humanos , Periósteo/patologia , Periósteo/fisiologia , Periósteo/cirurgia , Regeneração Óssea/fisiologia , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Reatores Biológicos
17.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 13(12): e2303134, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348511

RESUMO

The effective repair of large bone defects remains a major challenge due to its limited self-healing capacity. Inspired by the structure and function of the natural periosteum, an electrospun biomimetic periosteum is constructed to programmatically promote bone regeneration using natural bone healing mechanisms. The biomimetic periosteum is composed of a bilayer with an asymmetric structure in which an aligned electrospun poly(ε-caprolactone)/gelatin/deferoxamine (PCL/GEL/DFO) layer mimics the outer fibrous layer of the periosteum, while a random coaxial electrospun PCL/GEL/aspirin (ASP) shell and PCL/silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) core layer mimics the inner cambial layer. The bilayer controls the release of ASP, DFO, and SiNPs to precisely regulate the inflammatory, angiogenic, and osteogenic phases of bone repair. The random coaxial inner layer can effectively antioxidize, promoting cell recruitment, proliferation, differentiation, and mineralization, while the aligned outer layer can promote angiogenesis and prevent fibroblast infiltration. In particular, different stages of bone repair are modulated in a rat skull defect model to achieve faster and better bone regeneration. The proposed biomimetic periosteum is expected to be a promising candidate for bone defect healing.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos , Regeneração Óssea , Periósteo , Poliésteres , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Periósteo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/farmacologia , Poliésteres/química , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Desferroxamina/farmacologia , Desferroxamina/química , Gelatina/química , Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacologia , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacocinética , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Crânio/efeitos dos fármacos , Crânio/lesões , Masculino , Nanopartículas/química , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Alicerces Teciduais/química
18.
J Clin Periodontol ; 51(6): 754-765, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379293

RESUMO

AIM: To discover the populations of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from different layers of human maxillary sinus membrane (hMSM) and evaluate their osteogenic capability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: hMSM was isolated into a monolayer using the combined method of physical separation and enzymatic digestion. The localization of MSCs in hMSM was performed by immunohistological staining and other techniques. Lamina propria layer-derived MSCs (LMSCs) and periosteum layer-derived MSCs (PMSCs) from hMSM were expanded using the explant cell culture method and identified by multilineage differentiation assays, colony formation assay, flow cytometry and so on. The biological characteristics of LMSCs and PMSCs were compared using RNA sequencing, reverse transcription and quantitative polymerase chain reaction, immunofluorescence staining, transwell assay, western blotting and so forth. RESULTS: LMSCs and PMSCs from hMSMs were both CD73-, CD90- and CD105-positive, and CD34-, CD45- and HLA-DR-negative. LMSCs and PMSCs were identified as CD171+/CD90+ and CD171-/CD90+, respectively. LMSCs displayed stronger proliferation capability than PMSCs, and PMSCs presented stronger osteogenic differentiation capability than LMSCs. Moreover, PMSCs could recruit and promote osteogenic differentiation of LMSCs. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified and isolated two different types of MSCs from hMSMs. Both MSCs served as good potential candidates for bone regeneration.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Seio Maxilar , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Seio Maxilar/citologia , Citometria de Fluxo , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Separação Celular/métodos , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Periósteo/citologia
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(4)2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396834

RESUMO

The periosteum is known as the thin connective tissue covering most bone surfaces. Its extrusive bone regeneration capacity was confirmed from the very first century-old studies. Recently, pluripotent stem cells in the periosteum with unique physiological properties were unveiled. Existing in dynamic contexts and regulated by complex molecular networks, periosteal stem cells emerge as having strong capabilities of proliferation and multipotential differentiation. Through continuous exploration of studies, we are now starting to acquire more insight into the great potential of the periosteum in bone formation and repair in situ or ectopically. It is undeniable that the periosteum is developing further into a more promising strategy to be harnessed in bone tissue regeneration. Here, we summarized the development and structure of the periosteum, cell markers, and the biological features of periosteal stem cells. Then, we reviewed their pivotal role in bone repair and the underlying molecular regulation. The understanding of periosteum-related cellular and molecular content will help enhance future research efforts and application transformation of the periosteum.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Periósteo , Regeneração Óssea/fisiologia , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Células-Tronco , Diferenciação Celular , Engenharia Tecidual
20.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 45(2): 87-92, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38289626

RESUMO

Guided bone regeneration (GBR) requires a stable graft-membrane complex. This article presents a novel technique that uses membrane fixation screws to serve as anchors for membrane stabilization sutures without the need for periosteal dissection and biting of the buccoapical periosteum. This technique may be a viable alternative when there is a preference to avoid the complexities of periosteal suturing and direct membrane fixation using tacks or screws. The technique, which utilizes anchoring screws as mooring lines, can be used at the time of tooth extraction as well as for ridge augmentation of an edentulous site in preparation for future dental implant placement. Two case reports are presented that illustrate the feasibility of the technique, in which the integrity and stability of a resorbable membrane is preserved prior to final closure, suggesting that screws used as anchors for stabilization sutures might be a predictable option when addressing challenging horizontal defects requiring GBR.


Assuntos
Boca Edêntula , Periósteo , Humanos , Periósteo/cirurgia , Suturas , Regeneração Óssea , Assistência Odontológica
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