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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37720, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579026

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Epistaxis is one of the common emergencies in otolaryngology. There are many causes of epistaxis, but reports of epistaxis due to nasal foreign bodies like leeches are rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old male presented with "repeated epistaxis for over 20 days." Nasal endoscopy revealed a live leech in the olfactory area of the left nostril. DIAGNOSES: The patient was diagnosed with epistaxis caused by a live leech in the nasal cavity. INTERVENTIONS: Under nasal endoscopy, the leech was grasped with a vascular clamp and removed from the nasal cavity. The leech measured 8 cm in length. Hemostasis was achieved using a gelatin sponge at the wound site, and the nasal cavity was packed with Vaseline gauze. OUTCOMES: The live leech was removed via nasal endoscopy. Two days later, the Vaseline gauze packing was removed, and the patient experienced no further nasal bleeding. CONCLUSION: Live leeches in the nasal cavity can cause epistaxis. Nasal endoscopic removal of the live leech is an effective treatment. LESSON: There are many causes of epistaxis, which are nonspecific and prone to missed or incorrect diagnosis. In patients with a history of fieldwork or direct contact with leeches who present with recurrent nasal bleeding, the possibility of epistaxis caused by a live leech should be considered, and timely and effective treatment should be provided.


Assuntos
Epistaxe , Sanguessugas , Masculino , Animais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Epistaxe/etiologia , Epistaxe/terapia , Epistaxe/diagnóstico , Cavidade Nasal , Nariz , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Vaselina
2.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 25(4): 68, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538866

RESUMO

Recently, vast efforts towards sustainability have been made in the pharmaceutical industry. In conventional oil-in-water (O/W) cream formulations, various petroleum-based excipients, namely mineral oil and petrolatum, are commonly used. Natural or synthetic excipients, derived from vegetable sources, were explored as alternatives to petroleum-based excipients in prototype topical creams, with 1% (w/w) lidocaine. A conventional cream comprised of petroleum-derived excipients was compared to creams containing sustainable excipients in terms of key quality and performance attributes, physicochemical properties, and formulation performance. The petrolatum-based control formulation had the highest viscosity of 248.0 Pa·s, a melting point of 42.7°C, a low separation index at 25°C of 0.031, and an IVRT flux of 52.9 µg/cm2/h. Formulation SUS-4 was the least viscous formulation at 86.9 Pa·s, had the lowest melting point of 33.6°C, the highest separation index of 0.120, and the highest IVRT flux of 139.4 µg/cm2/h. Alternatively, SUS-5 had a higher viscosity of 131.3 Pa·s, a melting point of 43.6°C, a low separation index of 0.046, and the lowest IVRT flux of 25.2 µg/cm2/h. The cumulative drug permeation after 12 h from SUS-4, SUS-5, and the control were 126.2 µg/cm2, 113.8 µg/cm2, and 108.1 µg/cm2, respectively. The composition of the oil-in-water creams had influence on physicochemical properties and drug release; however, skin permeation was not impacted. Sustainable natural or synthetic excipients in topical cream formulations were found to be suitable alternatives to petroleum-based excipients with comparable key quality attributes and performance attributes and should be considered during formulation development.


Assuntos
Excipientes , Petróleo , Pele , Vaselina , Água
3.
Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol ; 134(4): 498-506, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379124

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Topical medicines are the preferred treatment for mild to moderate psoriasis, but the effect of excipients used in semi-solid preparations on psoriasis-like skin inflammation is not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the effect of stearyl alcohol, a commonly used excipient, on imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation in mice. Psoriasis-like skin inflammation was induced by topical IMQ treatment on the back of mice. Skin lesion severity was evaluated by using psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) scores. The skin sections were stained by haematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemistry. Stearyl alcohol (20% in vaseline) treatment significantly reduced the IMQ-induced increase of PASI scores and epidermal thickness in mice. IMQ treatment increased the number of Ki67- and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-positive cells in the skin, and the increases were inhibited by stearyl alcohol (20% in vaseline) treatment. Stearyl alcohol treatment (1%, 5%, 10% in vaseline) dose-dependently ameliorated IMQ-induced increase of PASI scores and epidermal thickness in mice. Hexadecanol (20% in vaseline), stearic acid (20% in vaseline) and vaseline treatment had no significant effect on IMQ-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation in mice. In conclusion, stearyl alcohol has the effect of improving IMQ-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation in mice.


Assuntos
Dermatite , Álcoois Graxos , Psoríase , Camundongos , Animais , Imiquimode/efeitos adversos , Psoríase/induzido quimicamente , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatite/patologia , Pele , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/patologia , Vaselina/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
4.
Lancet Rheumatol ; 6(2): e81-e91, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38267106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory condition that can affect various organs and tissues, causing the formation of granulomas and subsequent functional impairment. The origin of sarcoidosis remains unknown and there are few treatment options. Mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) activation is commonly seen in granulomas of patients across different tissues and has been shown to induce sarcoidosis-like granulomas in a mouse model. This study aimed to examine the efficacy and safety of the mTOR inhibitor sirolimus as a treatment for cutaneous sarcoidosis. METHODS: We did a single-centre, randomised study treating patients with persistent and glucocorticoid-refractory cutaneous sarcoidosis with sirolimus at the Vienna General Hospital, Medical University of Vienna (Vienna, Austria). We recruited participants who had persistent, active, and histologically proven cutaneous sarcoidosis. We used an n-of-1 crossover design in a placebo-controlled, double-blind topical treatment period and a subsequent single-arm systemic treatment phase for 4 months in the same participants. Participants initially received either 0·1% topical sirolimus in Vaseline or placebo (Vaseline alone), twice daily. After a washout period, all participants were subsequently administered a 6 mg loading dose followed by 2 mg sirolimus solution orally once daily, aiming to achieve serum concentrations of 6 ng/mL. The primary endpoint was change in the Cutaneous Sarcoidosis Activity and Morphology Index (CSAMI) after topical or systemic treatment. All participants were included in the safety analyses, and patients having completed the respective treatment period (topical treatment or systemic treatment) were included in the primary analyses. Adverse events were assessed at each study visit by clinicians and were categorised according to their correlation with the study drug, severity, seriousness, and expectedness. This study is registered with EudraCT (2017-004930-27) and is now closed. FINDINGS: 16 participants with persistent cutaneous sarcoidosis were enrolled in the study between Sept 3, 2019, and June 15, 2021. Six (37%) of 16 participants were men, ten (63%) were women, and 15 (94%) were White. The median age of participants was 54 years (IQR 48-58). 14 participants were randomly assigned in the topical phase and 2 entered the systemic treatment phase directly. Daily topical treatment did not improve cutaneous lesions (effect estimate -1·213 [95% CI -2·505 to 0·079], p=0·066). Systemic treatment targeting trough serum concentrations of 6 ng/mL resulted in clinical and histological improvement of skin lesions in seven (70%) of ten participants (median -7·0 [95% CI -16·5 to -3·0], p=0·018). Various morphologies of cutaneous sarcoidosis, including papular, nodular, plaque, scar, and tattoo-associated sarcoidosis, responded to systemic sirolimus therapy with a long-lasting effect for more than 1 year after treatment had been stopped. There were no serious adverse events and no deaths. INTERPRETATION: Short-term treatment with systemic sirolimus might be an effective and safe treatment option for patients with persistent glucocorticoid-refractory sarcoidosis with a long-lasting disease-modulating effect. The effect of sirolimus in granulomatous inflammation should be investigated further in large, multi-centre, randomised clinical trials. FUNDING: Vienna Science and Technology Fund, Austrian Science Fund.


Assuntos
Butilaminas , Sarcoidose , Sirolimo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Granuloma , Vaselina , Sarcoidose/tratamento farmacológico , Sirolimo/efeitos adversos
5.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 90(2): 319-327, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37879460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isothiazolinones are a common cause of allergic contact dermatitis. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of positive patch test reactions to isothiazolinones from 2017-2020 and characterize isothiazolinone-allergic (Is+) patients compared with isothiazolinone nonallergic (Is-) patients. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 9028 patients patch tested to methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI)/methylisothiazolinone (MI) 0.02% aqueous, MI 0.2% aqueous, benzisothiazolinone (BIT) 0.1% petrolatum, and/or octylisothiazolinone (OIT) 0.025% petrolatum. Prevalence, reaction strength, concurrent reactions, clinical relevance, and source of allergens were tabulated. RESULTS: In total, 21.9% (1976/9028) of patients had a positive reaction to 1 or more isothiazolinones. Positivity to MI was 14.4% (1296/9012), MCI/MI was 10.0% (903/9017), BIT was 8.6% (777/9018), and OIT was 05% (49/9028). Compared with Is-, Is+ patients were more likely to have occupational skin disease (16.5% vs 10.3%, P <.001), primary hand dermatitis (30.2% vs 19.7%, P <.001), and be >40 years (73.1% vs 61.9%, P <.001). Positive patch test reactions to >1 isothiazolinone occurred in 44.1% (871/1976) of Is+ patients. Testing solely to MCI/MI would miss 47.3% (611/1292) of MI and 60.1% (466/776) of BIT allergic reactions. LIMITATIONS: Retrospective cross-sectional study design and lack of follow-up data. CONCLUSION: Sensitization to isothiazolinones is high and concurrent sensitization to multiple isothiazolinone allergens is common.


Assuntos
Dermatite Alérgica de Contato , Dermatite Ocupacional , Tiazóis , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dermatite Alérgica de Contato/diagnóstico , Dermatite Alérgica de Contato/epidemiologia , Dermatite Alérgica de Contato/etiologia , Dermatite Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Dermatite Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Dermatite Ocupacional/etiologia , Alérgenos/efeitos adversos , América do Norte , Testes do Emplastro/efeitos adversos , Vaselina , Conservantes Farmacêuticos/efeitos adversos
6.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 23(3): 898-910, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37924217

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Esthetic procedures are currently among the most effective options for consumers seeking to correct aging signs such as fine lines, wrinkles, and skin tone unevenness. Currently, there is a scientific need for an adjunct active to be paired with esthetic procedures to encourage wound recovery and address postprocedure pigmentation concerns. OBJECTIVE: Toward that goal, this study assessed the efficacy of a peptide created from a multi-component reaction (multi-component peptide, MCP) as a model active for postprocedure care and evaluated its ability to promote skin healing in an ablative laser-induced wound model on the forearm. METHODS: The mechanism of action of MCP was investigated using tubo assays, 2D melanocyte, and fibroblast cultures, reconstructed skin equivalents, and ex vivo skin explants. The MCP formula and the clinical benchmark formula of Aquaphor were assessed head-to-head by applying the products topically in an ablative laser-induced wound model (n = 20 subjects). The promotion of wound healing was evaluated by the investigator assessment of epithelial confluence, crusting or scabbing, general wound appearance, erythema, and edema. RESULTS: MCP was determined to be beneficial to postprocedure skin recovery and healing by four main mechanisms of action: barrier repair as determined in an ex vivo tape-stripping model, reduction of inflammation and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, reduction of elastase activity, and stimulation of fibroblast through the mTOR pathway. The formula containing 10% MCP enhanced the kinetics of epithelial confluence and improvement of the crusting or scabbing appearance of the laser-generated wounds in a laser-induced mini-zone wound healing study on the forearm. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the use of MCP as a proof of concept regenerative active that when incorporated into an optimized postprocedure skincare formula can improve skin healing and enhance the appearance of skin after injury with relevance to ablative aesthetic procedures.


Assuntos
Pele , Cicatrização , Humanos , Eritema , Vaselina , Peptídeos/farmacologia
7.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 21639, 2023 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38062132

RESUMO

It is uncertain whether hydrocolloid dressings, a more costly intervention than offering standard care with petrolatum, is superior to prevent pressure ulcers among hospitalized high-risk adults. Randomized, parallel-group, open-label, superiority trial with an active control group, blinded for investigators, event validators, and analysts (December 1, 2015 to December 12, 2017). Eligible patients were ≥ 18 years of age with intact skin judged as high-risk for skin ulcers (Braden scale), admitted to surgical or medical wards of two tertiary-level hospitals. Participants were randomized (1:1) to protection with hydrocolloid dressings or petrolatum. The primary outcome was the first occurrence of pressure ulcers (with post-injury photographs adjudicated by three judges) under intention-to-treat analysis. Based on prior cost analysis, and the available resources (assumed incidence of 6 ulcers/1000 patient-days in controls), inclusion of up to 1500 participants allowed to surpass a one-sided superiority threshold > 5% based on a target efficacy > 40% for dressings. We planned an economic analysis using a decision tree model based on the effectiveness of the study results from a perspective of the third payer of health care. After inclusion of 689 patients (69 events), the trial was stopped for futility after a planned interim analysis (conditional power < 0.1 for all scenarios if the trial was completed). Pressure ulcers had occurred in 34 (10.2%) patients in the intervention group [9.6 per 1000 patient-days] and 35 (9.9%) participants in the control group [7.9 per 1000 patient-days], HR = 1.07 [95% CI 0.67 to 1.71]. The estimated incremental cost for dressings (a dominated strategy) was USD 52.11 per patient. Using hydrocolloid dressings was found similar to petrolatum for preventing pressure ulcers among hospitalized high-risk patients. As it conveys additional costs, and in this study was unlikely to demonstrate enough superiority, this strategy did not overcome conventional skin care.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02565745 registered on December 1, 2015.


Assuntos
Curativos Hidrocoloides , Lesão por Pressão , Adulto , Humanos , Lesão por Pressão/epidemiologia , Lesão por Pressão/etiologia , Lesão por Pressão/prevenção & controle , Pacientes , Vaselina
8.
Cir Cir ; 91(5): 596-600, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37844881

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the protective effect of nitroglycerin ointment 2% and Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) in dorsal flaps of the rat. METHODS: A blind, experimental study was conducted in 24 male Wistar rats, with a mean weight of 320 (286-376) grams. Group 1: Control. Petrolatum jelly (Vaseline), n = 8, Group 2: Nitroglycerin (NTG) ointment 2% (Nitro-Bid, Altana Co.) n = 8, and Group 3: DMSO gel 90% (Neogen corp. Lexington KY, 40611), n = 8. RESULTS: A total of 24 rats were operated on in the 6-month period of this study. Using a non-parametric Mann-Whitney U-test analysis, a statistically significant p was obtained between the control group and 2% NTG ointment, both in the area of necrosis and in the healthy area (p = 0.026). In contrast, the comparison between DMSO [CH3) 2SO] and the control group (p = 0.180) and between both study groups, with a p = 0.18, was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Our study concluded that there is a protective effect of 2% NTG ointment for flap survival in relation to the control group (petrolatum). DMSO administered topically did not show a protective effect, compared to the control group.


OBJETIVO: Comparar el efecto protector del ungüento de nitroglicerina 2% y el dimetilsulfoxido 90% en colgajos dorsales en ratas. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio experimental ciego en 24 ratas Wistar macho, con un peso medio de 320 gramos. Grupo 1: Control. Petrolato n = 8, Grupo 2: Nitroglicerina unguento al 2 % (Nitro-Bid, Altana Co.), n = 8, Grupo 3. Dimetilsulfóxido al 90% (Neogen corp. Lexington KY.), n = 8. RESULTADOS: Un total de 24 ratas fueron operadas en el período de 6 meses de este estudio. Mediante un análisis no paramétrico de la prueba U de Mann Whitney, se obtuvo una p estadísticamente significativa entre el grupo control y la pomada de nitroglicerina al 2%, tanto en el área de necrosis como en el área sana (p = 0.026). Por el contrario, la comparación entre DMSO y el grupo control (p = 0.180) y entre ambos grupos de estudio, con una p = 0.18, no fue significativa. CONCLUSIONES: Nuestro estudio concluyó que existe un efecto protector de la pomada de nitroglicerina al 2% para la supervivencia del colgajo en relación al grupo control (vaselina). El DMSO administrado por vía tópica no mostró un efecto protector, en comparación con el grupo de control.


Assuntos
Dimetil Sulfóxido , Nitroglicerina , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Nitroglicerina/farmacologia , Dimetil Sulfóxido/farmacologia , Pomadas , Ratos Wistar , Necrose/prevenção & controle , Vaselina/farmacologia
9.
Mol Pharm ; 20(10): 5090-5107, 2023 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37624646

RESUMO

Pharmaceutical cocrystals ( Regulatory Classification of Pharmaceutical Co-Crystals Guidance for Industry; Food and Drug Administration, 2018) are crystalline solids produced through supramolecular chemistry to modulate the physicochemical properties of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). Despite their extensive development in interdisciplinary sciences, this is a pioneering study on the efficacy of pharmaceutical cocrystals in wound healing and scar reducing. Curcumin-pyrogallol cocrystal (CUR-PYR) was accordingly cherry-picked since its superior physicochemical properties adequately compensate for limitative drawbacks of curcumin (CUR). CUR-PYR has been synthesized by a liquid-assisted grinding (LAG) method and characterized via FT-IR, DSC, and PXRD analyses. In vitro antibacterial study indicated that CUR-PYR cocrystal, CUR+PYR physical mixture (PM), and PYR are more effective against both Gram-negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli) and Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis) bacteria in comparison with CUR. In vitro results also demonstrated that the viability of HDF and NIH-3T3 cells treated with CUR-PYR were improved more than those received CUR which is attributed to the effect of PYR in the form of cocrystal. The wound healing process has been monitored through a 15 day in vivo experiment on 75 male rats stratified into six groups: five groups treated by CUR-PYR+Vaseline (CUR-PYR.ung), CUR+PYR+Vaseline (CUR+PYR.ung), CUR+Vaseline (CUR.ung), PYR+Vaseline (PYR.ung), and Vaseline (VAS) ointments and a negative control group of 0.9% sodium chloride solution (NS). It was revealed that the wounds under CUR-PYR.ung treatment closed by day 12 postsurgery, while the wounds in other groups failed to reach the complete closure end point until the end of the experiment. Surprisingly, a diminutive scar (3.89 ± 0.97% of initial wound size) was observed in the CUR-PYR.ung treated wounds by day 15 after injury, followed by corresponding values for PYR.ung (12.08 ± 2.75%), CUR+PYR.ung (13.89 ± 5.02%), CUR.ung (16.24 ± 6.39%), VAS (18.97 ± 6.89%), and NS (20.33 ± 5.77%). Besides, investigating histopathological parameters including inflammation, granulation tissue, re-epithelialization, and collagen deposition signified outstandingly higher ability of CUR-PYR cocrystal in wound healing than either of its two constituents separately or their simple PM. It was concluded that desired solubility of the prepared cocrystal was essentially responsible for accelerating wound closure and promoting tissue regeneration which yielded minimal scarring. This prototype research suggests a promising application of pharmaceutical cocrystals for the purpose of wound healing.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Cicatriz , Curcumina , Pirogalol , Cicatrização , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Ratos , Cicatriz/tratamento farmacológico , Cicatriz/prevenção & controle , Curcumina/administração & dosagem , Curcumina/química , Curcumina/farmacologia , Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Cristalização , Pirogalol/administração & dosagem , Pirogalol/química , Pirogalol/farmacologia , Pirogalol/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Vaselina/administração & dosagem
10.
J Cutan Med Surg ; 27(5): 449-453, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37559401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Alopecia areata (AA) is a T-cell driven autoimmune disease, which results in hair loss. This study aims to determine the efficacy, tolerability and safety of different concentrations of anthralin in the treatment of pediatric AA. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients < 18 yo diagnosed with AA treated with anthralin at SickKids Hospital, Toronto dermatology outpatient clinic in 2016 - 2018. Anthralin used at 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.5% and 1% in petrolatum at short contact, at increments of 15 minutes every week until a 1 hr maximum contact achieved. No other treatment was used in conjunction. Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) scores (SS) were determined using photographs and descriptions to assess severity of alopecia at baseline and post anthralin treatment. RESULTS: A total of 11 charts were reviewed in this retrospective cohort. Hair loss pattern; 3 patients with patchy, 6 had mixed (patchy and ophiasis), and 2 were totalis. All except for 1 patient had failed traditional treatments. One patient had complete hair regrowth, 3 showed more than 85% hair re-growth and 7 patients showed more than 75% hair regrowth, the average time for this to occur was 6.5 months. None of the patients experience serious side effects. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated the efficacy and tolerability of topical anthralin 0.1% to 1% in pediatric alopecia areata. In our study, anthralin 0.2% appears to offer the best performance and tolerability profile among the different concentrations used, with treatment course of at least 6 months in order to achieve more than 75% hair regrowth.


Assuntos
Alopecia em Áreas , Fármacos Dermatológicos , Humanos , Criança , Antralina/uso terapêutico , Antralina/efeitos adversos , Alopecia em Áreas/tratamento farmacológico , Alopecia em Áreas/induzido quimicamente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fármacos Dermatológicos/uso terapêutico , Vaselina/uso terapêutico , Administração Tópica , Alopecia/tratamento farmacológico
11.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 37(12): 2526-2536, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37478291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of moisturizers in preventing infant atopic dermatitis (AD) remains unclear. We previously showed that using 2e moisturizer of commercial moisturizer (Shiseido Japan Co., Ltd.) at least once a day significantly prevented AD in infants as compared with as-needed petroleum jelly. This trial aimed to determine the effectiveness of twice- or once-daily application of Fam's Baby moisturizer (Fam's Inc.) in preventing AD compared with once-daily 2e moisturizer. METHODS: This trial was a single-centre, three-parallel-group, assessor-blinded, superiority, individually randomized, controlled, phase II trial that was conducted from 25 August 2020 to 28 September 2021. We randomly assigned 60 newborns with at least one parent or sibling who has AD to receive Fam's Baby moisturizer twice daily (Group A) or once daily (Group B), or 2e once daily (Group C) in a 1:1:1 ratio until they were 32 weeks old. The primary outcome was the time of AD onset. RESULTS: Atopic dermatitis was observed in 11/20 (55%), 5/20 (25%) and 10/20 (50%), infants in Groups A, B and C, respectively. Cumulative incidence values for AD according to the Kaplan-Meier method showed that infants in Group B tended to maintain an intact skin for a longer period than those in Group C (median time, not reached [NR] vs. 212 days, log-rank test, p = 0.064). Cox regression analysis showed that the risk of AD tended to be lower in Group B (hazard ratio with group C as control, 0.36; 95% confidential intervals: 0.12-1.06). No serious adverse events occurred in any of the enrolled infants. CONCLUSION: Fam's Baby moisturizer may better prevent AD than 2e. Further large-scale trials should be performed to confirm the efficacy of Fam's Baby moisturizer in preventing AD in infants.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatite Atópica/prevenção & controle , Emolientes/uso terapêutico , Incidência , Vaselina , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 11(6): e912, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37382254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the impact of Zibai ointment on wound healing by analyzing the expression levels of two key apoptosis-related factors-B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), in patients following surgery for anal fistula. METHODS: We included 90 patients with anal fistulas who were treated in the People's Hospital Affiliated to Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Patients were randomly assigned to receive treatment with Zibai ointment (n = 45) or petroleum jelly (n = 45). The levels of apoptosis-related factors Bcl-2 and Bax were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), while cell apoptosis was assessed using Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) dUTP Nick-End Labeling (TUNEL) assay. RESULTS: The results of ELISA showed that on Day 21 after the surgery, the levels of Bcl-2 and Bax in the Zibai ointment group were significantly different compared to the petroleum jelly group, with values of (60.11 ± 1.31) ng/mL and (7.05 ± 0.01) versus (83.79 ± 1.74) ng/mL and (6.00 ± 0.05) ng/mL, respectively (p < .05). Furthermore, light microscopy revealed a large number of apoptotic cells within the field of vision 14 days postsurgery in the Zibai ointment group, and the healing time in the Zibai ointment group was significantly different from that in the petroleum jelly group (p < .05). CONCLUSION: We found that Zibai ointment effectively promoted wound healing in patients following anal fistula surgery, possibly by regulating Bcl-2 and Bax apoptosis-related factors.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Fístula Retal , Cicatrização , Humanos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Pomadas , Vaselina , Fístula Retal/cirurgia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
13.
BMC Pediatr ; 23(1): 223, 2023 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37147698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The skin is a major route of infection in the neonatal period, especially in low birthweight (LBW) infants. Appropriate and safe neonatal skin care practices are required to reduce this risk. The perceptions and beliefs of mothers and other caregivers towards various neonatal skin care practices in our setting have been documented. Data from Asia suggests that the application of emollient to the skin of LBW infants can promote growth, reduce serious neonatal infections, and potentially reduce mortality. This is the first study to explore the acceptability of emollients and massage as part of neonatal skin care in a low-resource setting in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) that is representative of the majority of government health facilities in Uganda and many in SSA. OBJECTIVE: To explore perceptions, beliefs, and current practices regarding neonatal skin care and emollient use in eastern Uganda. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study consisting of three focus group discussions (30 participants), eight in-depth interviews with mothers/caregivers of preterm and term neonates and 12 key informant interviews with midwives, doctors and community health workers involved in neonatal care, to explore the perceptions and practices surrounding neonatal skin care and emollient use. Data collected were transcribed and analyzed using thematic content analysis. RESULTS: Mothers perceived that skin care began in utero. Skincare practices depended on the place of delivery; for deliveries in a health facility the skincare practices were mainly based on the health worker's advice. Vernix caseosa was often washed off due to its perceived undesirability and was attributed to sexual intercourse in the last trimester. Despite their deleterious attributes found in previous studies, petrolatum-based oils, petrolatum-based jellies and talcum baby powders were the most commonly reported items used in neonatal skin care. In our population, there was high acceptability of emollient therapy use; however, neonatal massage was treated with scepticism as mothers feared damaging the vulnerable neonate. Mothers suggested massage and emollient application be undertaken by health workers, if it becomes an intervention. CONCLUSIONS: In eastern Uganda, the perceptions and beliefs of mothers/caregivers toward neonatal skincare influenced their practices of which some could potentially be beneficial, and others harmful. Emollient use would be easily accepted if adequate sensitisation is conducted and using the gatekeepers such as health workers.


Assuntos
Emolientes , Pele , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Feminino , Humanos , Emolientes/uso terapêutico , Uganda , Higiene da Pele , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Vaselina
14.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 143(6): 533-539, 2023.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37258186

RESUMO

To accelerate therapeutic effects, the mixtures of two or more topical pharmaceutical products having different medicinal purposes are often applied in the medical field. In this study, we aimed to develop a simple mixing method/procedure to achieve excellent homogeneity in the mixture of two topical products, a steroidal ointment and a skin moisturizer. To assess an in-tube mixing method as a simple mixing procedure, we injected both topical products into an empty resin tube, a flexible hollow tube with an open end that can be closed on one side, and a closed end on the other, removed as less air as possible inside the tube, and then thermocompressed (sealed) the open end to close it. The two topical products were then mixed uniformly by repeated finger pressure along the longitudinal axis of the tube. The homogeneity of the two topical products in the tube was evaluated by measuring the content of methyl paraoxybenzoate (MP), an additive loaded in the skin moisturizer. In addition, the mixability was qualitatively evaluated from the distribution of white petrolatum, another additive loaded in the steroid ointment, using Raman spectroscopy. As a result, the measured value of MP relative to the label claim was in the range of 100±12%, and the coefficients of variation value was also less than 12%. These results indicate that the in-tube mixing method using two topical products is approximately hologenetic preparations that do not cause therapeutic problems.


Assuntos
Vaselina , Pele , Pomadas , Composição de Medicamentos
15.
Skin Pharmacol Physiol ; 36(3): 140-148, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36863326

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dry skin is a hallmark of impaired skin barrier function. Moisturizers are a mainstay of treatment to help the skin retain moisture, and there is a high consumer demand for effective products. However, the development and optimization of new formulations are hampered due to lack of reliable efficacy measures using in vitro models. METHODS: In this study, a microscopy-based barrier functional assay was developed using an in vitro skin model of chemically induced barrier damage to evaluate the occlusive activity of moisturizers. RESULTS: The assay was validated by demonstrating the different effects on barrier function between humectant (glycerol) and occlusive (petrolatum). Significant changes in barrier function were observed upon tissue disruption, which was ameliorated by commercial moisturizing products. CONCLUSION: This newly developed experimental method may be helpful to develop new and improved occlusive moisturizers for the treatment of dry skin conditions.


Assuntos
Emolientes , Dermatopatias , Humanos , Emolientes/química , Pele , Vaselina/farmacologia , Absorção Cutânea
16.
Saudi Med J ; 44(1): 106-109, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634956

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To update a possible role of cosmeceutical topic treatment to obtain a better scar. METHODS: This is a preliminary supportive study. A total of 14 patients who went to the General Hospital of Mexico City, Mexico, between May and December 2020, for breast reconstruction were included in the current study. The biopsies were carried out to the scar area of the previous I° and II° surgery. The patients were thus divided into 2 groups: those who used Cicolea cream® as a treatment supplement and those who used only petrolatum. RESULTS: Collagen fibers arranged in a regular pattern in the group treated with Cicolea compared to dispersed collagen fibers in the group treated with pure petrolatum. Furthermore, the patients who presented hypertrophic or keloid scars secondary to mastectomy, developed after insertion of breast expanders an organized scarring process, with improvement of scar if treated with Cicolea. CONCLUSION: Based on our observations, it is possible to propose that the action of the polyphenols present in the different components of Cicolea® cream leads to a better evolution of the wound healing compared to the action of petrolatum composition.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Cicatriz Hipertrófica , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/prevenção & controle , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Cicatrização , Pele/patologia , Vaselina/farmacologia , Colágeno/farmacologia
18.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg ; 57(1-6): 206-215, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35195490

RESUMO

Flap necrosis on random pattern skin flaps continues to be a challenge. In this study, we evaluated whether topical application of a vasodilator substance (the prostaglandin PGI2 analogue, Iloprost®, in cream form) as pre-treatment, would increase blood flow and improve flap viability. Wistar rats randomly allocated into four groups with 7 rats per group and two flaps 4cm × 2cm in the same rat i.e. 56 flaps were developed. Flaps on the wright side received pre-treatment with Cream in different drug concentrations, 2.5µgr/gr, 5 µgr/gr, and 10µgr/gr and 20 µgr/gr containing the active factor Iloprost®® ZK 36,374(M. W 360.5) prepared with white petrolatum as a base. Flaps on the left side received placebo cream (white petrolatum). After 10 days of flap pre-treatment, evaluation of blood flow by laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) were recorded, then flap elevation and re suturing back were performed. After 7 days we estimated flap viability on digital imaging and the percentages of flap survival estimated. Means and standard deviations were used to describe blood flow measurements and survival percentages. The significance was set at 0.05 in all cases and the analysis were carried out with the use of the SPSS v23.0. Furthermore, we performed dynamic analyses of circulation using the radioisotope 99mTc which confirmed hyperaemia of the treated areas relative to that observed in control areas. These findings demonstrated that pretreatment of skin flaps with Iloprost® cream for 10 days prior to elevation increased blood flow in the flap and improved their overall survival rate.


Assuntos
Iloprosta , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Ratos , Animais , Ratos Wistar , Iloprosta/farmacologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/irrigação sanguínea , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia , Vaselina , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Necrose
19.
Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed ; 39(3): 185-192, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35906863

RESUMO

PURPOSE: PUVA phototherapy is indicated for various dermatological conditions. Adverse events due to PUVA phototherapy are seen in a sizable number of patients and can result in therapy cessation. This review will focus on PUVA pricks, an adverse event first reported by Tegner in 1979. METHODS: Articles were retrieved from PubMed starting from January 1979 until February 2021 yielding 1228 unique articles. Articles were included when they described individual patient characteristics, and patients were treated with PUVA therapy. RESULTS: After screening, 33 patients were extracted from 9 articles, published between 1979 and 2005. CONCLUSION: PUVA pricks are paroxysmal episodes of burning or prickling pain, akin to peripheral neuropathy of the unmyelinated C-fibers. Increased excitability of TRPV1 and TRPA1 channels while under PUVA therapy might be a contributing factor. Effective topical treatment options for PUVA pricks are capsaicin 8% cream, urea 4%, or petrolatum emollients. Antiepileptics such as phenytoin, clonazepam, and gabapentin are acceptable oral treatment options. A possible role of N-acetylcysteine in the prevention of PUVA pricks is discussed, though further research is required.


Assuntos
Emolientes , Terapia PUVA , Humanos , Terapia PUVA/efeitos adversos , Vaselina
20.
Int Wound J ; 20(4): 1112-1117, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36151766

RESUMO

Split-thickness skin grafts (STSG) are widely used in wound reconstruction. However, donor site wounds are created as a result. Traditionally, moist wound healing and transparent film dressings have been used to promote donor site wound healing. This retrospective study evaluated the use of oxidised regenerated cellulose (ORC)/collagen/silver-ORC dressing (ORC/C/Ag-ORC) with an absorptive silicone adhesive border dressing and transparent film dressing (treatment) compared with petrolatum-based gauze dressing (control) over donor site wounds. Patients underwent an STSG procedure between January and December 2020. Donor sites received treatment (n = 10) or control (n = 10) dressings. Dressing changes occurred as necessary. Time to epithelialisation, narcotic pain medication requirements, and the number of office/hospital visits were examined. Twenty patients were managed (9 males, 11 females, average age: 49.7 ± 13.9 y). Patient comorbidities included hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia. Wound types included traumatic and cancer excision. Time to epithelialisation was significantly reduced in the treatment group (11.1 ± 1.4 d vs 18 ± 2.4 d, P < 0.0001). The number of office visits for dressing changes was significantly lower in the treatment group (0.1 ± 0.3 vs 2 ± 0.7, P < 0.0001). No patients in the treatment group required a hospital visit, compared with 3 patients in the control group. One patient in the treatment group required narcotic pain medication, compared with 5 in the control group. In this patient population, the use of ORC/C/Ag-ORC, an absorptive silicone adhesive border dressing, and transparent film dressing resulted in a shorter time to epithelialisation and less analgesic requirement compared with petrolatum-based gauze dressing use.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Celulose Oxidada , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curativos Oclusivos , Prata , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Silicones/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Bandagens , Colágeno/uso terapêutico , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Celulose Oxidada/uso terapêutico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/cirurgia , Vaselina , Dor
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